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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, March 29, 1894, Image 1

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VOL. ~ PLOKENS, S. (5., THURSDAY, MARdI 29, 1894. NO, 28.
FINANCIAL DEPKE1iSSION.
THE STANFORD LAND LOAN PLAN BE
ING TALKED ABOUT AGAIN.
The Govermenit' Money I'ovlley 8d
Much to do wil, the ]Present Oondition
of Aftira--A Plea tor the Agricultural
Clmasse.
WASInNGTON, D. C., March 22.-The
depression < the times, the general
tightness of money, the gloomy future
outlook has again revived interest in
h plan suggested by the late Senator
d tanford, of Colifornia, looking
e tellef of the agriultural classes.
This in brief was that the United
States government ought to loan money
on cultivated lands up to one-half of
its assessed value at a rate of interest
not over 2 per cent. a year.
A staunch advocate of this plan, and
one who was a warm friend of Senator
Stanford, is Col. J. K. Rickey, of Mis
80111. Col. Rickey is now in this city.
Ho has given more than passing study
to the general questions 6bf finance and
is an authority on its complications.
1 asked, the Colonei today what in his
opinioA has caused the great depres
mion which now exists'in this and other
countries.
"The causes are many," he ans wered,
"but i will discuss only one. The fl.
itancial policies of ' the government,
since the demonetization of silver, have
contributed more to this depression
than all other causes combined. From
1861 until 1872 there were ample mon
ey to do the business of the country
and every branch of trade was pros
porous.
"When the policy of contraction en
sued, depression set n and has con
tinued, until we are ow on the eve of
bankruptcy. Our financial and tariff
legislation, whether intentional or not,
has placed burdens upon the preducing
and farming classes to such an extent
that at least 80 per cent. of the taxes of
the country is born'e by them. A
steady decline in the price of farm pro
ducts has followed, until now there is
scarcely a commdity produced on the
farm which is not produced at a loss
Wheat, which sold during and after the
war at from $1.50 to 82.50 a bushel is,
now piled up in warehouses and eleva
tors and finds no market at more than
60 cents a bushel."
"Colonel," I said, "most authorities
on finance theorize; can you dwell on
the subject of taxation in a practical
way?" -
"I think so," added Colonel Rickey
"The people of the United States have
paid since the war 830,000,000,000 for
Federal taxation, and, from the very
best statistics obtainable, there are nowv
880,000,000 of interest-bearing bonds iru
existence upon which the people are
paying 6 per cent, or more interest,
besides the individual indebtedness,
statistics of which are not obtainabic
but whicA must be many millions more.
The interest tax upon our people is
greater than all the other taxes com
bined. As 97 per cert. of the business
of the country was done on credit last
May, when the panic set in, and confi.
May, was shaken, this cre41it, which
was used as money, began to disappear
like snow under a warm sun and in less
than sixty days money could not b
had for any kind of security whatever
-not even ffr government bonds. Ihid
we been doing business with cash in
stead of crediL, the paDic would never
have occurred and the want and misery
and the untold shrinkage in the value
of property occasioned by the panic
would have been averted.
"According to the report of the Sec
retary of the Treasurv we have a littl(
over 82,000,000,000 in money in thu
coutry Wile we were prosperous
and credits answered the purposes o1
money this would have been a sufflcien
cy, but when the first breath of doubl
spread over us this pittance of circula
tion was little bettor'than nione at all
Money is a tool; the medium of cx
change. - o nation or individual car
i' Jrive Without it.
"Who will question King Solomoni
When he asked for wisdom from God
to govern his people it was given him
One of his first acts was ?o make 'sil
-ver and gold as plenteous as stones
(II Chronicles, I.) 'This proves how im
portant money was in the days bofore
the Saviour was born. Ilow much
more important now, when the world
is linke'd togethier--when t rade and comn
merce, which require money to transaci
is greater than ever before ? Wiho evol
contends for reducing money questiomi
the wisdgm of Solomon? All employ
ment and labor depends npon it. Ne
development, either pubhr or private
can be prosecuted without it. The gov
ernent reserves to itself the right tC
make money, to say what is 'money
Gold and silver coin is' not money uin
til the stamp of the government i
Placed upon it. As there is not a sufli
cienoy of the two metals, nor car
* enough be found in the earth for th
uses of money, it is clearly the duty o
the government to adopt some othe
standard than gold and silver.
"In the popular mifid great prejudic
ex~sts against fiat money which comes
from the lack of knowledge of the fac
* that all money is fiat."
"What would you propose asen'reme
dy for the evils of which you speak ?
"In my opinion, which i's abared b'
.many others, the great prottucing class
es of the country have got to be relieve<
They possess the most universal, thi
most permanent, the moat indestructi
ble and the best security in the worl<
--cultivated lands. -1f this great gov
emrnent would extend to the farinn
and producing elements the sami
rights and privileges which it has giver
for the last ~thirty years to the bondi
holders the depression, want and pov
erty which now prevail could never hav4
existed.
The holder of government bonds car
take his securities to the Treasury anm
draw 90oper cent. of their face value it
national bank notes without interest,
These bonds are placed upon the landi
and the labor, and would be worthleei
without the basis. When the farmei
a sks the government for a loan upor
his land, for which he is willing to pa~
* a reasonable rate of interest-say 2 pei
cent-it is denied him and the men 01
class 'who have made this plea .for the
oppressed producing classes has beer
cauled acran k, a Populist an anarchist
etc,
"it 25 per cent, of the credit which
has heretofora been used as money was
displaced by actual money guaranted
bthe government and ma de receiva.
bltr all debts, public and private, the
in41'idual land of the borrower beinR
Ing with it the indorsement of the peo
plo of the United States, in my opinion
this money would be good for every
purpose for which money can be used.
The 2 per cent. which the government
wopil receive for the use of this mon
ey from the borrower would pay all the
expense of the government, thereby
taking this enormous tax of $1,000,000,
000 a year off the people at once,besides
reduciug the interest tax'several hun
dred millions a year."
"But this money which you propose
to issue on lanis would be irredeema
ble, would it not?"
"Certathly. Why should money be
redeemable? We should have but one
kind of money in this country. We
now have less than $100,000,000 of gold
in the Treasury and there are.$2.000,
000.000 outstanding to be redeemed.
According to the report of the Secre
tarv of the Treasury, we have nine
different kinds of money issued by the
government,amounting to over $2.000,
600,000. According to the construction
of the Administration, these nine va
rieties of money can be presented to
the Treasury of the United States and
gold demanded. low absurdI It is an
absolute impossibility to redeem 82.
000,000,000 with less than $100,000,000.
As stated above, since money is only a
tool and a convenience for the people,
why should one kind of money be re
deemed with another?"
"But," I said, "Colonel, people think
you Utopian. What nation or city
ever prospered on the idea of irredeem
able money ?"
"For 600 years," said the Colonel
"Venice maintained a financial syBtem,
the best the.world has ever known, up
on an irredeemable paper money. Her
paper issues commanded a premium
over gold. Although only a little island
with only 150.000 people, she Was desig
nated as the mistress of the world com
mercially. If that could be done cen
turies ago by a government whose pop.
ulation was not so great -as the capital
of this nation and as money * has be
come more essential th'an ever before
in the history of the world, who will
question that our government, with
70,000,000 of people, cannot maintain a
financial policy based upon the doctrin
es laid down? It is ridiculous to at
tempt to trantact the business of this
country upon a gold basis when there
is not enough gold in the world to do
the business of New York City alone
if it were done upon a relatively cash
basis. Cities do not need as much
money per capita as the rural districts,
because the banks are sufficient in
number for the convenience of busi
ness and checks are used as money.
Among the farming and producing
classes these conditiohs do not exist.
They need actual money with which to
make their exchanges. The withhold
ing from the people of a sufficiency of
money for the purpose of making their
exchanges by the government is as
wicked and cruel as for a parent to re
fuse to give suflicient food to nourish
a child. A sufliciency of money to the
body politic is as assential as healthy
blood to the human system. No gov
ernment. has ever tried to find out how
much money these people need, and
why should money be limited?"
"I wouid Inquirp, Col. Rickey, if this
plan you suggest is original with you ?"
"No sir; attention was first called to
it by a bill introduced it the Senate by
the late oenator Stanford, uf Calif6r
nia. I was so much impressed with it,
knowing that it wouli have a benefi
cient effect upon the people of the
United States, if. adopted, that I was
led to investigate it. The more I think
of it the more I. am convinced that it
is the solution of gqvernment.
"I asked .Senato' Stanford how he
came to. adopt this idea, as he was a
very rich man, and the general impres
sion was that it n ould make money so
cheap that its potency would lost.
Is reply was that while he wvas living
in Sacrameonto ther-e was numberless
projects and ent'erprises he would like
to engage in, and he thought profita
bly, but he had not the money nor
cojld he obtain it. Hie then began tc
inquire why money was so limited;
and after many years of careful thought
and study he ,evolved what is known as
th~e 'land loan plan,' that is for the
governmenst to loan monev directly tc
the people upon -their lands. Blefore
retiring, on the night he diled, he wvas
reading a book upon finance and he re.
quosted his secretary to place two other
books upon the same subject on his ta
ble where he could consult them in the
morring. His last thought upon earth
theref ore, were upon this subject, and
he believed that the adloption of hisi
idea wouldl be the greatest blessing
that~ could be conferred uplonl tihe coun
try."
"What Is your opinion of Senator
Stanf ord'?"
"It has been my privilege and my
pleasure to meet seome of the great men
of the day. To m y mind Senator Stan
ford was truly grea.. lHe was deeply
concerned in the welfare of his country
and was a true philanthropist. Could
he have been spared a fewv years I be
lieve-lhe would have seen his last noble
-effort of lisa life enacted as a law. One
of the principal obstacles In placing
thiai matter before the peopleis that the
metropolitan press refuses to discuss
it, andl the politician never takes an
adlvancedl position, content to follow in
order to hold his 'job', but the people,
from whom all great r-eforms emanate,
take iit up aucd discuss it until It is
thoroughly understoodi, wvben its adlop
I ion will be certain to follow.
1"I will briefly enumerate the beneflt's
-to bed8erlved from the passage of sumch
"1. The government to loan upon
cultivated lands, at one-half of thieir
asseseed value, at the rate of 2 per cent,
per annum. Thereby providing good
money at a low rate of interest.
"2. The money derived by the gov
ernment from the loan of its credit tc
the people, assuming that 820,000,000..
000 would be borrowed, would' pay all
tihe expenses of thle governmnent, there.
by relieving tihe people of $,000,000,00C
.which they are now annually paying iri
the w ay of Federal taxation.
"8, Tile saving to the people in in.
tereat would amount to $1,000,000,00C
or inore.
"4. it would restore to the lande
something of the value they possessed
before this last 80 years of iniquitous
legislation was placed upon our staltute
books,
"5 It would compel the men who
possess colossal fortunes, whlich have
been made possible by lesislation friend.
ly to them, to invest their money in
the developmevnt of labor.
"Unless a bill similar to this Is pas
sed and that quickly, in my opinion
brnkruptcy is cetrtain to follofr."
W. C. MAnn.
COXEY AND 118 CREW.
WASHINGTON TO BE INVADED BY
600,000 UNEMPLOYED. *
There i Dmger Lurkwsg in Stch ain Army
-The MArch Must I- -j SIippos or B3lod
.e.hied May tesult-Daugfi of Revoin
tion.
WASHINGTON, March 17.-The capI
tal will soon be invested with 500,000
unemployed if steps are not taken to
stop Coxey in his mad intentions. The
army which' he threatenened to raise is
not a myth, and there is some agitation
visible on the usual calin exterior of
the city which l'Enfant so carefully laid
out to prevent revolutions.
This army to be composed of cranks,
anarchists ant tramps is fast being
formed. It contemplates starting for
Washington Easter Monday with the
purpose of demanding from Congress
the issue.of $500,000,000 of non inter
est bearing bonds. Little attention was
paid at first to Coxey's fulminations,
his proclamations and general orders.
Ile was simply regarded as a man with
wheels, commonly called a crank.
These wheels have evolved faster and
more effectually than Lamont even
Imagined possible, and the great fear
now is that with a nuclus started, every
vagabond tramp and desperate charac
ter in the country will swarm down
upon Washington and the movement
will get beyond control of the officers
of peace. What is feared most is that
the mob will fall a prey to red handed
anarchists who would welcome such an
uprising. To such a .mob they would ap
ply the torch of their inilammatory
speeches. Dynamite and nitroglyce
rine would do the rest. No civil - au
thorities could cope with a great army
of desperate and reckless men under
such leaders.
Once the standard of anarchy was
raised much destruction of propertv,
and probably loss of many lives, would
follow before the disorder could be put
down. If the route marked -out by
*Coxey is followed it will be through the
region around Pittsburg where there
are thousands upon thousands of Poles.
Huns and other non-English speaking
people, most of whom at present are
unemployed, and all whom are by na
ture revolutionists and enemies of law
and order.
They are the material from which
Coxey's recruits would naturally come
Should the army start and swell intc
alarming proportions the authoritiet
here would of course expect the Gover
nor of Pennslvania to call out troops, it
necessary, to disperse them. But if n<
violent demonstration were made n(
legal means could be used to dispel -
peaceful gathering and some line morn
ing in the letter part of April, the wholi
vast nondescript concouse, headed bj
Coxey and his crew,. might march int<
Washington. Long before they could
reach here, however, the National Capi
tal would have becomne the paradise for
rag-tag and bob-tail ot the country. It
by a miracle, the leadeis are able to
prevent riot, bloodshed arson and rob
bery enroute, all control woild be lost
when the army balked at its failure to
force Conwress to isiue $500,000,000 for
their benellt, without funds, driven to
the walls, would in its despair and des
peration become the easy prey of anarch
istslandibo mb-throwers. The leaders it
they counciled peace, if there were any
would be swept aside, and the army
would become a 11 uning, furious mob
howling for blood and plunder. The
awful scenes of the French revolution
and the reign of terror might be re
enacted in the enlightened capit-al of
the American Republic. Coxey little
dreams, in his Don Quixotic scheme to
furnish employments for all those with
out work that he may be ineiting a re
bellion, that may shake the lttepub'lic
from turret to fonuidation stone. 1 t is
wvorthy of comment that Coxey in the
organiza~ton of' his army has followedJ
closely the plan of the French revolu
tion. Ihis divisions, commune and can,
teer. are those of the French revolution
lie has even gone to the extent of bor
rowing the little "citizen and cetizeene,'
which obtained in l'aris in the darl
days when the victims of the revolutor
were carted over the cable stones01i
guillotine by the hundred, when a pros
tituite was enthironed as the goddess o
reason !md all the monarchs of E'uropu
gasped and trembled in horror at the
sight. That was a revolt of oppresiori
against roy alty and caste, this might bE
a revolt of poverty against entrenched
wealth.
Wore such an unfortunate state of
affairs to be the result of Coxey's sense
less descent upon the capital, no city in
the count ry is so well situated to stamn
out such a riot as Washington.
The city wvas laId out by L'Enfant
a French engineer employed by W ash.
ington with the special object of defonce
in view. From several central poInts,
the Capitol, the White IHouse, Dupont
Circle, and Scott Circle, broad avenuet
radliate in every direction. From these
central points cannon and Gatling guns
could command the entire city. L'Eni.
fant who experienced all the horrors
of thme French revolution with all its
countless barracades in long crooked
narrow streets, drew the map of Wash
ington with an eye to prevenmting aI
repetition of such horrors here. At
Fort tiHeyer, on A rling ton Heigh ts, op
posite Washington there are several
regiments of cavalry and infantry
which could be thrown into Washing
ton at a moment's notice, andi at the
Marine barracks are quartered a thous
and trledl and trained marines. With
cannon, gun and sabre they could play
sad navoc with Coxey's army, andI the
Congress of tihe'United States, besieged
in its citadel, wvould niot hesitate to au
thorize the use of every mnan and gun
at Uncle Sam's conimandl to put down
anarchy and lawlessness.
The general impression here is that
the State of Ohio, where this incipient
rebellion Is being nursedl arnd cradled to
be sent out on its work of blood( anid deC
vastation, owes it to itself to stamp it
out with an iron heel.
Secretary Lamont has rceivedl a
communication from Genm. Frye, sayingw
that he had organized an army of 800
men at Los Angles, and proceede~d tc
serve notice on the Secretary of Wax
that the armywas ready to malirch onl
Washington, and dounanded transpor
tation and rations. While this bluff
was being played another interesting
episode was occuring about the capital
Represen tative Sweet, of Idado1, had
been appealed to Persistently to intro
duce a bill of financial relief. Coin C
from a silver prod ucing state andl desi
rou o , aghs. people Mr we
agreed to offer the bill. A few days
ago it was handed t o him. Expecting
to find something looking to the fur
ther coinage of sliver he was astonished
to find in it a demand of the most ex
travagant nature. Having promised to
present it lie did so, but wrote the om
inous words, "by request" on the back
of the bill. After numerous sections
about bond issues, the bill ended with
this significant sentence:
' "And all citizens making applica
tion for labor shall be employed.' -Au
gustp. Chronicle.
Widesproad Ruin. ]
MMlniis, Tenn., March 20.-The
damage to property in the Mississippi .
Valley by storms and floods during the
past forty-eight hours is beyond calcu
lation. Bridges have been washed
away, houses wrecked, railroad tracks
displacad. farm land has been flattened C
out, especially In the bottoms, and
crops that have been promising are
ruined. During the two days the pre- ir
cipitation at Memphis reached about a
eight inches. There are eleven rail- t<
roads entering Memphis, and every one cl
of them has been subjected to washouts. 2
Two miles of the track of the Chesa
peake, Ohio and Southwestern Railroad
was swept away at the Hatchie river,
seven miles north of Memphis. The
St. Louis and Southwestern and the S
Tennessee Midland each report five h
washouts, while the track of tWe form- ci
er is submerged for several miles in c,
White river swamp. The storm in Ar- a,
kansas was accompanied by high winds d
and more damage was done in that
State than in Tennessee. A dispatch t<
from Helena, Arkansas, says that a cy- o
clone struck that place last night, un- a
roofed houses, uprooting trees, blowing
down fences, splintering telephone u
poles and doing other damage. The
roofs were blown off two stores. Scores y
of trees were uprooted and innumera.
ble fences blown down. A row of ne- P
gro shanties located on the levee near
the Mississippi Valley depot was com- I
pletely demolished. Great excitement 81
prevailed among business men who b
were cut off from their homes by the a
fury of the storm. So far as can be ft
learned there was no loss of life in the n
city. The country a few miles south ti
of helena was greatly damaged, as the n
storm seemed to have been more furi
ous down tle river than in the city.
A dispatch from Chattanooga, Tenn.,
says the tail of a cyclone struck that
place this afternoon and wrecked a J
number of buildings. The wind was
followed by a terriflc rain and hail c
storm, which flooded the streets and (
smashed windows and sky-lights. In t
the vicinity of Popular Grove and (
Marvel, Ark., the cyclone wrecked a 1
dozen or more farm houses and scat
tered the debris over the country for
miles around. The cyclone crossed the
river into Mississippi near Helena, Ark,
spreading ruin in every direction. Tel
egraph wires are prostrated and details
are slow coming in, but no loss of life
Is repprten so far.
A Mothor'a Von geaco.
NORFQLK, Va., March 21.-Fred
Watts was shot and killed today at
Lg's Store, about two miles from this e
city, by Mrs. Henry Hlugo. Watts is a
young man of about eighteen years of
age, residing in the conutry, near the
scene of the tragedy. Some time in
January, it is claimed, Watts went to t
the residence oflthe family (lugo)whlile t
they were in the city, and finding Edith t
liugo, the sixteon-years-old daughter t
alone, threatened her with death if she t
did not comply with his desires. The
girl, it is stated, in fear of her life. s
gave way to him, and he accomplished a
his purpose, swearing her to secrecy t
under threats of kiling her if she re
vealed the crime. As a result of this
crime, lie transmitted a loi.thsome dits
ease to the girl, who was taken ill, and
g~rowing rapidily worsue, her parents
senut her to friends in town for treat- 1
mnt, not kn . wing what her diseaise il
was. She didl not get beOtter, (and she c
wvas sent to the St. Vincent,'s llospital, dI
where at last the attending physicans a
discovered the real nature of her dia- c
ease, wvhich was then made known to 'l
her parents. Mrs. inugo went to the
store today where the tragedy was
enacted, under pretence of making a
purchase. WVatts was standing in the
dioor with his back to her, when she
sudidenily whipped out a revolver and
I iredl. Watts called to a colore~d boy to
- keep her oif, but; Mrs. inugo rushed at
1im, pressed him dlown and lired two
more shots at him, only one of the t
shots taking effect in his back<, result- c.
ing in death in ten minutes. A fteir I.
IMrs. inugo had ceased iring, she threw r
a liquid in his face. Mr. and Mrs.
Hungo came to town and reported the
case to .Justice A. H. Hawkins, who
summoned a jury of inquest. They
render ed a verdict that Watts caime to
his (loath by a pistol shot, fired by Mrs.
Ihenry Inugo. Mrs. Hugo is abouti
thirty-eight years old. She is perfectly
calm and quiet tonight. She has given
herself up and is now at a filendi's re
sedonce in this city, but under police c
serveillancs. 't___
A Mad Love.
lDURANoO, Mexico, March 21--There C
is much excitement among the people a
of the little town of Cacaria, situated b
about sixty miles North of hero, over a a
terrible tragedy that has just been en- I'
acted there. The perpetrator of the I
cdeed was a well known man of the I
town named Rafial Lopez. lie was en- y
gagedl to marry Miss ioorina, the pretty e
(laughter of Martin Parenza, a wealthy i
ranchero of that section. hanving re
cently heard reports very leg ratory toi
the character of LOp~ez, the young lady I
wrote him a letter breaklig their en
gagement. Shortly aifter he received 0
the, letter, Lopez called upon her and V
pleaded to be reinstated in her affec- "
tions, but she refused. The father of c
the girl, with true Spanish hospitality, I)
iinvited the discarded lover to remain y
for dinner and the invitation vwas ac- a
cepted .The three sat dlown to eat and c
Lopez, ina seceret manner, put poison t
in several dishes of f ood and then par- 1,
took of' the fatal mixtures also. Ina ~
few minutes all three were taken
deathly ill and all died before a physi. C
cimcouldi be summoned.C
A Dluge,
LITll iE llocic, A RK, March 21.-- d
The greatest flood in the history of t
S'uth, Central Arkansas ia now on, and c
that part of the State is raplily ap
proachuing an inland ocean. Ih has rained a
almost mncessantly all over the State c
and in the Indian Territory for four clays.
ltiilway communication since Mond!ay I
has boon almost, entirely cut off from the a
shouth to Texarkana, and from recent re- r
ports It is not improbable that the same r
lacte awaits the country north and west
and posnibly the ast
REPRESENTA'fIVE S1ELL
kNALYZES THE POLITICAL SITUATION
IN THISSTATE.
to le After No Olee, but Wishen the Ra
form Movemont to Go On Successfuliy
and Honorably--Hot Ilenunciation of
Hi Dotnmnre.
CoLUMIA, S. U., March 21.-Capt.
. C. Allen, chairman of the committee
n invitation for the Spartanburg meet
ig, has received the following letter
'om Congressman Shell in resvonse to
a invitation to speak at that meeting,
if he were a candidate for Governor!''
apt. E. C. Allen and Others o! the
Committee, Spartanburg, S. C.
Gentlemen: Yout favor without diate,
viting "all candidates for Governor
ad for Congress in the Fourth District
attend a mass meeting of Rteformers
died for Snartanburg Cmunty on the
Vi inst.," was duly received.
Why this invitation was addressed to
to I can hardly imagino, becanee it is
ell known to every intelligent man in
auth Carolina that I had declared my
Itention to retire fron politics, ancI I
mnnot conceive how I could make it
malstent and accept an invitation to
Idress a mass meeting, either as a can
date for Governor or Con.:ress.
It would have given me muzh pleasure
have met with my Spartanburg friends
2 that occasion and had accorded me
i opportunity of defending myself
mainst the contemptible miarepresenta
ons constantly made against me, but
our invitation is so environed with coa
tions that I cannot easily accept your
cof'ered kindness. There may be a
me in the near future, however, when
will seek an opportunity of sayin
)mething to the good people of Spartan
arg County on matters and things of
y own choosing, and when I do, my
Lure abpirations and intentions will
:A be misunderstood. I have an ambi
on not satistled, but, if health will per.
Lit, I yet hope, 0 secure the luliill
innt of my heart's desire, and when
ecomplished all the decent people in
outh Carolina and elsewhere will re
ice in its c)usummation.
When properly informed of my cou
net, our people will have no just c use
f complaint against me and my action
a a public servant. Indeed, there Is no
bjection, except on the part of those
ho are diseased with "politicai lepro
y," and tilthy henchmen employed to
Io their bidding. The political situa
Ion in our State is well understood, and
Ne are marching with rapid strides to
.he end of our journey. The Rlform
arty was inanurated, with rare ex
,eptious, with pure latentions, and
hould have been as lasting as the "rock
I ages," but its existence is now threat
ned with dire calamity, which sooner
r later, unless rescued from the despoil
re, will bring it in disrepute and finally
3 wreck and ruin. The people, ho .v
ver, are alive to the situation and kno v
ull well who assisted in bringing about
lie revolution which resulted In alving
bem a goyernment of te peolpo, by
be people and for the people." It is
rue some of tioBe who were earliest
>ilers in the IWfrmu vineyard, and who
Ive their time and money treely f.r its
access, have been ignore,] and neglecLed
von by those who have shared most in
i grand speculation for spoils ani
lunder. We hear no complam!, or ex.
ressious of o(lsratisfaction on the pArt
I those neglected and abused, but, on
de contrary, the bowlings and mutter
igs of the craving maicontecnis can be
eard throughout the land:. They are
lsimoroiis and savage for reform, ll of
esperation and dlenrouncingv everythin.!
nd everybody who do not, yield quick
bediencel to their will and dictation.
'he impatience of those who feed on the
assions of the people shows that they
now fall well their only possibility of
access dlepends 6n the amount of racket
nd confusion they can create and the
'lantity of fifth they can dlisgorge.
T1here is nothing wrong with the lt
>)rm Movement, it will be kept intact
y the patriotic influences that, dominate
be Sl ate, regardless of seltish dlictation
r imnported hIrelings, who are prosti
ites to princieuple, and are always for
ale cheap to the highest bidder. It
,ould be exceedingly mortifying it I
b~ought all these years or toil and trou
Jle had been sp~ent in vain, but relying
1)on the loyalty and wisdom of the p)eo
ile, a consciousness of security tranqil
us the mind, and we have no fears but
thaut at last the consummation dlevouitly
rished for will be realized.
Revolutions seldom go back warda, b)ut
tlimes go dlown from the weight of im
ecility and burden of mistakes, hut loet
s hope that the latter condition will not
btain, or discourage those who are
onestly endeavoring to (10 their /uty,
ut persevere on relegating to the rear,
11 whose sellish ambition is paramount,
the general good 3f our common coun
y, The situation Is critical enough at
esL, without supplemnenting our dlangers
'ith ridiculous propositions and do0gm as
>O exigger atedl to attract a ser~sible
ought. We are a part and parcol of
ie greatest nation on earth, and are ex
ected to contrIbute our share to haS
realth, honor, proserity and its remot
et destinies. TO accomliish these things
re must be0 In symp)athy with all its In
Ltutions and progress, otherwise, we
annot, expect to inherit alny of the imu
iflcenco or dlistributioni of Its limenise
realthi. We are already suspacted
ndI charged with heing. in league with)
onespirators to un derm ine andl destroy
bie public credIt. Of course there is no
)undation for this charge, for the 1t).
rmers are as jealous of the p~ublic
redit, both State and national, as any
lass of citizens in the country.
This lettor has been extended beyond
1y expectation, but I trust you will par
on its length, as It Is intended to define1
ie situation as I view It, and as son
isely as po0ssible.
P'lease accept. for yourtself and others
succiatedl with you my thanks for the
omplimenit paid, and your kind atten
on, and if my public dutes will permit,
may possibly attend your meeting as a
pectator to see and hear what others
iay have to say on that occasIon. Very
espectfully, your obedient servant.
G. W. SH[ELL.
Washintn. Marh 19..
TARIFF BILL PAESENTED.
Mr. Voorhoom Gilveu Notice That it Will
be Vallod ui April I".
WASHINGTON, March 20,-Soon aftei
the reading of yesterday's journal Mr.
Voorhees,chairman of the finance coin.
mittee, reported the tariff bill to the
Senate.
.Mr. Morrill, one of the lRepublican
members of the committee, stated that
so far as tile Republican members of
the committe were concerned, they did
not object ts the reporting of the bill.
They were opposed, however, not only
to the incoie tax feature of the bill,but
to the change from specific to ad valo
rein duties,and to the great bulk or the
provisions of the bill.
Mr. Voorhees moved that the bill be
printed and placed on tle calendar;
and ho gave notice that on the 2nd of
April--a week from next Monday-he
would call up tile bill for consideration
by the Senate. The motion to print
and place on the calendar was agreed
to.
Mr. Mandcrson asl(ed Mr. Voorhiees
whether there was any written report
for the bill.
Mr. Voorhees-Thore is not.
Mr. Manderson-Will there be any
statement submitted by the comminittee
on Ilnance?
Mr. Voorliees-'l'hore will be, when
the bill Is called up for action.
ir. Manderson-Which will show
the changes mado In this bill from the
existing law?
ir. Voorhees-There will bW a full
statement and explanation when the
bill is called up for consideration. This
will be ready in printing oi the 2nd of
April. I expect to make a statement
myself at the same time. Tncro will
be a comparative statement, accessible
to the Senators.
Mr. Manderson-l made tihe inquiry
because of the fact that the main
change in the bill is the change from
specilic to ad valorem duties; and that
it would rcquire an expert to show the
effect of the changes.
Mr. VToorhers-An explanation will
be speedily alforded to the Senate and
to the Senators.
Mr. McPherson, a member of the
finance committee, said he had assasnt
ed to the report just made by Mr.
Voorhees, justifying his action by the,
belief that, whether wise or unwise in
all its provisions, the3 bill was the best
compromise obtainable in a cominmittee
whose members differed so widely in
their views oi economical questions,
and on the effects of the bill on the
prosperity of the country when om
bodied Into law. lie said that lie
would find no difficulty tit supporting
in the Senate the colleagues with
whom he had served on the committee
in enacting into law as much of the
proposed legislation as would yield to
the government, all tihe revenue needed
when econonicilly admiistered. liW
yond that just and proper limitation he
must not expect to go. Tbere were two
subjects in the bill which had received
much public attention, and le would
state to the Senate, as lie had done to
the committee, his viewis 1up31 them.
First, he disagreed with his colleagues
of the cammifttee oi the income tax
section of the bill. Ample provision
having been made in the bill for reve
nue, the presence of an income tax in
the bill was unnecessary. An income
tax was unamuerican, undemuocratic,and
lie thought uinwise; and lie should, at
the proper time, move to strike it from
the bill. .Secondly, he disagreed wiEui
his colleagues on the committee in re
gard to the sugar schedtile as it appear
ed in the hill;and he sho'-Od feel inipell
ed to offer an amendment to that
schedule, believing that tihe option to
custom olliwers to elect, whether to tin
p0os dut iesr by the Polaiscol~e test or
by the "'Ib)tch t iamndardi" test was a
datngerouis po')wer. lie tr' sted, however,
that ihe Iimrmeu comititee would on
f urtheri (consi leralttion adopt that view
anri would olffer an amend mont to re
st riet th test of' all stigar, raw and re
liinetd, to I lie p)olaiscope alone.
Mir. Allison, another Republicanm
mnenmbi'r of the fi nance comm iittee, sug
n ested tlhatt it, would h a a great coni
venienicei to have a paimphet prinited of
the bill, showing in paragraphs the ex
lsting law, the H ouse bill and the coin
inu tteei's hill; and Mr. Voorhers naid
that t here would be nO trouble about
lix i ng ump that miiatter.
Alr. I hoar iude an inqluiry as to tihe
pariamiinent ary atti tudl ofi the birl, anid
was in formed biy I lo Vice I 'r('sidenit
that, it utid Itrone to thet calhend ar.
Mr. l~i f'e gave notice thiat lie would
move as a suibslt tot for I th tarIff bill
tne 01n0 w.hiich hr. hvtd inutroducred last
week.
Mr. G eorge the in a:hIr'esedn tire Senr
ate oni the~ legal aspects of the I ltwa
ilan (lurestion. lie spokde for about two
hours, dlevoting most, of h is argu menit,
to the suptl~It cf thre I'reshdent,'s righ I
to atppolint, Mr. liult as comiflmissionm
Cr pairamouti withoutt the necesity of
coniirmatioii by the Senate.
After a short executive seifion the
Senate, mat -1.30, alj oiurned it il tomio r
row .
WV H A nT'ON, '.Iexts, Mirch 20.-11. U
Biuldin, a weal thy plattri last year
purrchiased several lirgo bodies of landl
in Matatgor county. On this land no
grous were imp fortedl from Alabama
anid were colonuizedt. Failing to do
their work lioulin roprimtnded thomn.
Late yestrdlay a mob of 50 negroes
wvent to his house an11( shot, him to
dleath. Only One white man residles
within miles of liudin's place. i~e
soon1 organized a posse. They first se
cured thie dead1 mantl's rentinis andl sent
them under escort to thre rilroaid sta
tioni for shipment, to Chappedll11.
Constable lieartt, of Wharton, ratised a
posse andl reports tonight that sixteen
of the mob have been captured
aind lodged in Matagordla. TIhie excite.
merit is intense and a race conflict may
occur as there Is every indfiation that
the Mtagorda j ill will be stor med arid
the assassins taken out and put to
death .
JA CKSONN ILE., March 21.-A. Spec
ial to the Times Union f'romn Jarlow,
Fia., says: .hpluaca110 is greatly ox
citedl over thre mysterIous dlippe0ara~nce
of Aauronr Ferguson, assistant clerk of
the Circuit Court. Hie dis1l~appeare yes
terdlay, leavyng a note stating thai a
conspiracy existed to destroy hris charac
ter. Bearching parties haive scoured thes
country itlut, findlingr a trace of him
and It is feared lie. has cornntted .sutide.
Hie handled large suims of public money,
but lila accounta are Bald to bA cori-ect.
CYCLONE IN TEXAS.
A LARGE FAMILY ALMOST EXTERM
INATEO.
Balls of Ice Wolghtng 18 Ounees poll,
Roos Penetrateti, 0aW8 Kild and Pra
pIrty Dnamaod by tle Uoproaadented
Hall.
LONGVIIinv, Tex., Mlarch 18.-A cy
clone swept over this place at 1 o'clock
this morning, accompanied by hail
stones of Immense size. The greatest
fury was six miles east of here, where
it struck the large country home of
.1lhn Cain, lately occupied by a large
family of negroes. The house was - in
an ancient grove of oaks, twenty in
numier. E very one of them were torn
up and piled up in terrible confusion
with (lead fowls, dogs and cows, and
live dead, and eight badly wounded
niegroes. Old man Alexander Lester
was found fifty yards away entirely
nu:Je and dead. His wife, Sarab, was
pinned under a tree, mangled and dead.
Alt xander Lester, Jr., was mangled,
and is dead. Robert Lester, nine years
old, was found near a- tree without
mark of violence, dead. Jasper Collins
was pined under a large oak, snuggi
ly covered, his head crushed and his
liubs broken, dead. Beside him
crawled painfully out, his young wife,
Mollie Collins, with an ugly hole in the
centre of her forehead. She will recoyer.
Sissy Lester, infant, was found In a
fallen tree top with legs and arms
crushed, dead. Silas Johnson, who was
visiting, was bruised from head to foot
but no bones broken, will recover.
Frank )izor, also visiting, leg broken
below the knee, may recover. Dock
Simmons, who was in bed with Alex
ander Lester, Jr., had his head bruised
and will (lie. O'Dassa ~ L3ster, four
years of age, leg and bothx arms broken,
will (ie. 61io was found :many yards
awaty in the ilelds. Arthur Lester, six
years old, leg broken in two places
above and below the knee and other
wise badly bruised, and will die.
Willie Lester, live years old, slightly
hurt. Says he woke ~up a long way's
from home in a Ileld, suffering from
hall and rain.
Mr. ]ten Hope, a white man near by
brought as3istance immediately, and
the dead and dying were taken to a
one-roon house belonging to E. C.
Ed wards, a son in-law, where they
were laid In bed in strange confusion,
dead, unconsious, suffering side by side.
The correspondent of teh mistaking
living for the dead. Mrs. Hall and
Wilson wore attending the worst hurt,
while the wounded who were able, hob
bled, painfully bleeding about theyard,
in the rain, bemoaning the fate of their
relatives and friends.
llalt a mile south of this house, the
house of Mr. 1)avis, a white man, was
completely demolished, but with the
exception of a few painful bruises, all
escaped death. John fluffett's wagon,
near by, was blown away and much of
It has not been found yet. The grain
cry of Nick Harris, two miles east, was
unroofed. The house of Sallie Jones,
colored, was wrecked and her four
year-old daughter, Lorlila, was perhaps
fatally wounded by hail stones. A
passenger train passed just as the cy
clone swept by, narrowly escaping it.
All previous accounts of immense
hail stones and wind dwindle into in.
signiflcance. Many of these blocks of
ice weighed from fourteen to eighteen
ounces, while others found as late as 9
o'clock, after a warm rain and warm
weather, were larger than a goose egg.
i'wo of thess missiles passed through
the roof of 0. E. Thornton's residence,
inaking a hole like a cannon ball, while
fowls roosting in the trees were killed
by theo hundreds. A cow belonging
to Frank Lawson was killed, and stock
boar many marks from these ice stones.
A bout 300) window lights were broken
inI this place. Farm fences and fruit
trees were prostrated for miles around.
How They Loved 11im.
W ASHIriNUTON, March 22.- "Gen.
itobert 10. Lee once told me an ova
Lion he received that touched him more
than any demonstration ever made in
his honor," said the venerable Judge
WhTuite, of Virginia,to a postman at the
National. Following closely *on the
surrender of tihe Southern army, the
comnmander-in-chief of the Confedera
cy went to pases a season at the home
of hlis particular friend, E. IR. Cooke,
who last November ran as the Populist
candidlate for Governor against Co1.
O'Ferrll. After a few weeks of the
most hospitable and elegant entertain.
mnt Glen. Lee wais called to the presi
den'Jcy of tile Washington and Lee
U niversity. Bidding his kind friends
adieu01 he startedl for Lexington on horse
back and alone, Hie had gone some
mtiles and was passing through a fath
er dIreary stretch of wooded country,
when ho espied a plain old country
mnan miounted on a sorry nag com
lng toward him11. As they passed each
otner both bowed as is the fashion
when stranigers meet in out of the way
places, but the old farmer in the home
spun11 salt stared hard at the soldierly
lirure as though not quite certain of
recognition, lie wont his way a little
further, then turning his horse around
cantered baak and soon came up with
the General again.
"I beg your pardon, sir, but is this
Glen. Itober t Lee. Did I ever meet you
before, my friend'?"
"Then the old Confedrate grasped the
chieftain's hand and with the tears
streaming down his face said: 'Gen,
L~ee, do you mind if I cheer you. The
General assured him that be did not
indl~, andi there on that lonesome pine
bordered highway with no one else in
siight, the old rebel veteran with swing
ing hiat lifted up his Voice in three
ringing rounds of hurrahs for the man
that the Southland idolized. Then both
went their way without another word
being spoken ."-P'ost,
shot.
J AOIKsONVI L LE, March 19.-A special
to The Times-Unionfrom Fernandina,
Fl'a., says: This morning Chief of Po
lice Livingston shot and killed Jack
Itippart, .Jr., and mortally wounded
.Jack Ilippart, Sr. The IHipparts are
negro desperadoes and were resisting
arrest at the time. They had been
i using indecent language in the presence
of ladies and ChIef Livingston was
summnned to arrest them. They at
tacked tile chief, beat hinm over the
hleadl in a terrible manner, and he was
forced to shoot to save is life. The
negroes are terribly excited over the
affair and tonight a large numnber of
sp~ecil olilcers are on duty in order to
promptly quell any riot.

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