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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, April 26, 1894, Image 1

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VOL XXI -'I .rtUSA API. 26' *
___~JKNS Sir _cuu L_
Ohlef Justlee molver and Assoolate M
Gowan on One Side amd Assoclete Joe
ties Pope oh the othor-What is Sai4
About the Declslon.
COLUMBIA S. 0, April 19.--The long
expected decision of the State Supreme
Court in reference to the Dispensary
Law was filed today. The judgment
of the Court was rendered by Chief
Justice Molver, Associate McGow
concurring. Associate Justice Jo
filed a dissenting opinion. The decls
ion 1 a long one and contains fully 80,
000 words. It is for the most part a
strictly legal view of the case but with
it all it has features that will be of in
terest to everybody.
The case was legally entitled: Chas.
8. McCullough vs. George Just Browne
et al and the State vs. Hentz Jacobs,
J. C. H. Troeger, Jerome Fagan, J. R.
Byrd and Ben David. In the first in
stance Judge Iutson rendered his fa
mous decisioy, and all the remainder of
the cases come from Columbia the re
sult of which is well known. In each
- instabce the Supreme Court sustains
the judgment of the lower court.
Judge McIver's decision is said
to be an able document and com
pletely knocks out the Dispensary
Law. He says that the Attor
ney General 3uring the hearing
had suggested to the court that the act
of 1898 superseded the act of .1892 but
that no motion had been made by the
?tate Attorney along that line and the
court would consider, for the sake of
argument, the two acts identical. Pro.
ceeding in the decision Judge McIver
says that ordinarily the pDesumption is
in favor of any act passed by the Leg
islature being constitutional and re
views at some length the nature, scope
and oblt of the law.
He declares that it violates two ar
ticles of the Constitution namely the
first and the fourteenth. The first ar
ticles declares all men free and equal
with right of enjoying liberty and
property and the second guarantees
every man against being deprived of
his right to engage in any lawful busi
ness. These rights, the court observes,
are derived from the creator rather
than from the government. The traffic
and liquor itself is not unlawful and
the law in so far as it forbids a citizen
from engaging in it when the State is
allowed to conduct the same business
null and void.
The court next considers the question
of the alleged police regulation of the
traffic under the dispensary law but
concludes that it has no such idea. The
whole scheme the couft says is one to
increase the revenue of the State. The
State has no right to engage in busi
ness in competition with her citizens.
Such an idea is at variance with all
ideas of civil government. The power
given the State to engage in the liquor
business ty the last Legislature is out
side and beyond the power conferred
upon the General Assembly by the peo
The court answers also the argument
raised that because the State engaged
in business of supporting colleges that
she could also engage in the business
of selling liquor. This is answered by
showing from authorities that educa
tion is a legitimate function of govern
ment while selling liquor is not. The6
above are some of the leading ideas
advanced by the majorty of the court
indeclaring the law unconstitution.
Associate Justice Pope's dissenting
opinion covers nearly 100 pages of fools
cap. He argues chiefly that the whole
law is constitutional from the fact that
the regulation of the liquor traffic is a
legitinate function of government and
he holds that the dis pendary law is such
a regulation. He does not think the
prime object of it is the raising of a
Chief Justice Mclver, who delivered
the opinion, While in no sense a politi
cian, is u nderstood to sympathize with
the Straightout faction and the same
may be said of Justice kicGowaD, who
concurred with him. Justices Pope is a
Tillmanite and was elected Attorney
General when Tiliman was first elected
Governor in 1890. Justice McGowan's
term expires in July, and Eugene 13.
Gary. until recently Tilimanite lieuten
ant governor was elected to succsed
him last December. It is surmised
that an effort will be made to have the
law again submitted to the court after
he takes his seat, when the court will
-include a majority of Tillmanites.
Lawyers say, however, that an act de
clared unconstitutional cannot be re
stored by the mere reversal of an'opin
ion; that it will be necessary for it to
be again enacted by the Legislature be
fore its constitutionality can have an
other test.
Theoopponents of the administration
are jubilant over the decision of the
Supreme Court declaring the dispensary
law unconstitutional. The whiskey
men are more than jubilant over the
decision and whiskey is being openly
Bold in many places in South Carolina
tonight. The friende of the dispeasary
law are Dot disheartened, des ite the
decision of the court. They lpeI'ieve the
law constitutional and believe that it
will yet triumph. Governor Tillman is
known to be a man of many resources
* and his opponents do not believe that
lhe will yield and close the dispensaries,
Immediate)y after the decision was
filed seiveral orders wereicountermanded
by the State dispensary. The "blind
tigers," which have never been especial
ly cautious in their operations in this
city, have sold whiskey today with con
siderable more audacity than usual and
have not been inter fered with. The 1o
cal dispensaries have been doing busi
ness as usual, It is probable that the
bar keepers will not publicly resume
business until they have been advised
by their counsel, whose opinions they
are now awaiting.
TeJournal says the State Ihouse of
ficials seemed to have caught on to the
idea that the discussion would be ad
verse to them. There was a lot con
* sulting among them, John Gary Evans
was an interested visitor at the htate
House. When he heard of the dicision
he said that it would make no differ
ence as the 8tate would take care of
itself. When pressed to give sonie in
-formation as to what the State expect
ed to do under the circumstances, lie
said "simply wait and see.'
Goyernor Tillman would only say
this much about the decision: "i
havn't read and don't know its'scope
jet, I have tried to enforce it because
it was the law. The action of the court
makes it incumbent on me to take such
steps as my judgment will dictate to
protect the interests of the Stato and
of the people. The matter is not fin
ished. I will. obey the court for the
present and appeal to the supremet
court-the people."
Governor Tillman wis kept quite
busy today consulting with the various
ofilcials and of course the decision was
the all absorbing topic. Governor Till
man had nothing whatever to say on'
the subject. He would express no
opinion until the State, authorities had
decided what to do.
Attorney General Buchanan said that
he did not know what would be done.
lie contends, however, that the decis.
ion of the court has no effect on the
present law but simply decided on the
law of 1892. He did not explain wherein
there was any radical difference in the
laws. He is of the opinion that, the
case can be appealed to the United
State courts as questions of Federal
law came up under it. He did not say
positively that such action would be
taken though he intimated as much.
Mr. Traxler said that as far as he
was concerned he had received no or -
ders to stop business and that he would
continue until officially notified (to
quit. He said that he has a lot of liquor
in transit and he does not suppose that
the decision will prevent him from pay
Ing for it.
It cannot be told yet exactly what the
result Will be. The dispensaries are
still running and will not close at once,
There are so many legal loopholes that
the State can take advantage of and
keep them running.
The Supreme Court has ten days in
which to send down to the lower court
official notification of their decision and
until that time expires things will like
ly remain as they are.
To the Brizilian Minister at Huenor
BuENos AYRES, April 17.-Tbe re
mains of the Brazilian rebel fleet, com
manded by Admiral DeMello, which ar
rived off this port last night, are the sub
ject of exchanges of telegraphic messa
ges between the authorities oi this place
and the Brazilian overnment, through
the Brazilian minister here. The rebel
ships are the Republic, Meteor Iris,
Urano and Esperanza. .They are in a
very dilapidated condition and rebels on
board ofthem are suffering from sick
ness, wounds and lack of proper food
supplies. Their temporary wants have
been supplied, with the consent of the
Brazilian ninister, who has received ad
vices from Rio Do Janeiro, saying that
general amnesty would be granted to the
insurgent rank, and file, and that the
Brazilian government will pay the quar
antine expenses cf the ships it they are
surrendered t6 the Brazilian minister.
Consequently the Argentine govern
ment, with the consent of the rebel lea
ders, le now superintending the delivery
of the five war vedels to the minister
and this will have been accomplhshed by
the time this die patch reaches the United
States. The crews ofthe rebel ships are
beina; disembarked at the Lazaretto here
and will be cared for until further orders
are received irom Rio De Janeiro. It is
believed that when tne men and ships
are in a proper condition, they will re
join the BrazIlian vessels under the
government officers and return to Rio De
Prosident Piexoto government has no
tilled the government of Uruguay that
the expe pses and the passage money
conie of the insurgents who landed in
the department ot Rocha, Urruguay,- will
be p~aid by the Brezill'an goveinment,
afid that they may alls with the excep
tion of the leaders, rcturn toBrazil, with
no fear of' being iievereiy p~unisheod for
the part which they have taken in the
rebellion.. It is understood that Presi
dent l'iexoto, In adopting this wise and
lenient policy has acted under the advice
of a foreign power, which lias tle inter
ests of' the Republic of Brazil at heart.
Nothing seems to be known ci' the
ultimate destination of Adminral Do
Mello and Gen. Silgado, toudh it is be
lieved that the former wvill taike the ear
liest opportunity of escaping to some
foreien country where he can hide him
sell for the rest of his life. On all sides,
the utmost contempt is exp~ressed for Do
Mello, whose desertion of Admiral IDi
Gama is looked upon as being a piece of
cowardly treachery which even the Ad
miral's most intimate supporters con
demn. To such an extent does this feel
ing prevail, that it is openly atated that
Da Gama propossa to seek out Ad'miral
Do Mello and compel him to meet him
in mortal cjmbat. Those who should
know Admiral De Mello, the best, be
lieve that he will take care to avoid any
such meeting. If the rebel admiral falls
Into the hands of President Piexoto
there Is litile doubt but. that lie will be
promptly tried] by court-martial and
SAVANNAiI. Ap'ril 15.-The city au
thorities sat down on Sunday baseball
in Savannah today. Savannah and
Macon agreed to play the game sched
uled for Monday, today, leaving Mon
day a rest ofday. Announcements of the
game were made in the newspapers
and scattered through the city. This
morning the mayor notified the chief o1
police not to permit the game. The
mianagemnt~ of the club was also'noti
fled. The grounds are just beyenid the
city lim.its, but under the city ordi
nance giving the mayor jurisdiction
two miles beyond the li mits,.the game
could not be played. A detail of police
was stationed at the park gates to en
force the mayor's order. Over two
thousand people went out expecting to
see the game., The action of the au
thorities today will probably settle the
question of Sainday baseball in Savan
nah. The management of the club will
not fight the matter.
A Hox'rible (irime.
BERLIN, April 14.-This morning
the police found the dlead body of a Sis
ter of Mercy lying by the aide of the
road leading to Grunewald forent on
the outskirts of the city. The body
was partly concealed by some bushels.
The throat of thip unfortunate woman
had been cut and an exami!nation dis
closed the fact that she had been mal
treated before being murdered. Near
the spot where the body was found
were evidences of a desperate struggle
and some footprints of a man which
may lead to the arrest of ihn murerr.
The Atjutant ant l I ueportar ( onoral lina
sometliog to say as to Ills Counnection
With the Recout Troubl--Ile Obeyed
Ordora and WorkeI for Peace.
GREENVILLE, S. C., April 19.-Gen,
Hugh L. Farley was in Greenville i
rew days ago en route to the reunion
of his old command in Laurens county,
Upon meeting with him at the Man
sion Rouse the editor of the Mountain
eer asked him a few questions concern
ing the recent stirring events in thu
State, with which he was so promi.
nently and intimately connected, and
he very courteously complied with tht
request to talk on the subject. Ilis ob
servations are so pertinent and forci
ble, revealing the inward history ol
events at Darlington and Florence
that we propose to share with the pub
lic the interesting statement made by
Gen. Farley. lie is absolutely fair ir
the statements made concerning past
events, and his comments upon the po.
litical situation will not fail to com
mand attention. Ills conservatism aE
a citizen and public official is no lesE
marked than ills devotion and sinceri
ty as a Reformer, for he was one of the
earliest and staunchest advocates o
the measures which crystalized the Far
mers' Movement and upon which th(
cam paign of 1890 was fought.
"General, it seems that some of thC
newspapers are trying to make it ap
pear that there was antagonism be
tween yourself and Governor Tillmai
with reference to the conduct of affair.
at Darlington and Florence during th
recent troubles. Would you object tc
giving the true inwardness of th(
whole matter ?"
"On the contrary, I am anxious thal
the matter shall be put perfectly right
out of justice to both Governor Tilt
man and myself. Let us at least at
tempt to be fair to Governer TIllman
because there is so much partisanshil
and misrepresentatiou at this time thal
every occurrence is made use of foi
some one or other political purpose
From the beginning of this troubl<
there was an attempt made to makf
me say things that 1 did not say. Foi
instane, that I had said and telegraph
ed to Governor Tillman from Darling
ton soon after my arrival that then
was no insurrection, no need for mar
tial law and no need for troops, whict
I did not say at all. I am too old and
experienced an officer to be guilty o
the presumption of volunteering m:
opinions to my superior unless askei
for them. Any one reading my repor
will see that Governor Tillman simpl
instructed me to kee) him advised a
to the true situation, and it will als
be seen that these instructions wer
simply complied with. Knowing m
duty, I kept my mouth closed an
awaited orders, giving no informatioi
to any one. If Governor Tillman hai
asked my advice in regard to such mat
ters I would have given it frankly an<
cordially, but 1 was only told to reinmai
at Darlingt6n and take command o
any troops that might be ordered t
that point. Vhen I received t he infor
mation that troops vere on their wa:
I communicated that fact to the mayo
and citizens of Darlington, as I was in
structel to do by the Governor's tele
gram, and then took steps to secure;
proper and orderly reception of (1eu
ltchlbourg's command. I have neve
intended to give public (xpresiLon t
my opinion as to the necessity of senm(
ing troops to Darlingt on, because it I
not consisterat with my position as A d
jutant General to criticise the- action
of my superior oflicer, the chief cxecui
tive of the State. I dieemned it quit
suflicient to keel) him p~ostedi as to th)
situation so that lie cold exercise hi
own discretion, because the responsi
bilaty rested upon him. Since it ha
been made to appeir, however, that
did these things, and since I am reliev
ed from the oflicial obligation of keep
ing silent, out of justice to both Gover
nor Tillman and myself, 1 (10 not hes:
tate to say what would have been mn
advice if h~e had sought it.
''Whlen the riot occurredl in I)arling
ton: the information received by th
Governor was necessarily meagre, an
during the riot there was, of course,
total suspension of all law. If tm
troops in Columbia had been allo we(
to obey orders, I am satisfied that th
power of the civil law would have beel
restored within twenty-four hours o
thirty six hours. While I found peac
andl qiet in the town of iDarlington, I
was the calm after the storm. I do no
hesitate to say that some military forc
in addition to the local militia, wa
necessary for tile restoration of th
status existing prior to thle outbreakt
Governor Tillman may have been mus
taken to the exact measures 3r amoun
of force necessary to restore the statut
but I do not think that any imnartia
observer would blame him for takin,
ample steps to bring the communit
back to its normal condition. Indeed
after we had been thwarted in our firs
efforts to secure troops, lhe could no
relinquish his purpo e of restoringc or
den without sacrificing the dignity o
the State and apparently sulrreniderinj
the prerogatives of his oflice. An
other course would have madek it aid
pear to the outsidle world thait hi
hands were tied and his odlicial powe
was paralyzed, and the moral ( ffec
would have been irremnediabmle. Th
fact that Constable McI~endon hat
been taken from thle jail and carrie<
to a place of safety in order to escape
lynching, (much to the relief of the
goodl citizens of Jariiington, as I hap
pen to kno1w,) is conclusive evidenc<
that the civil law was not deemed suffi
cient to control the situation. Withoul
suilicient force the investigations thal
were necessary in D~arlington, morn
particularly the inqiuest, which was
and ought to have been held, could nol
have been made with saft ty, because il
was imperatively necessary that thn
constables shlouldl be present to testify
The necessity was not so great at Flor
ence, but the presence of the troops a
either or both places dlid no0 harm, am
gave assurance to the world that Souitl
Carolina was capable of restoring or
dor and maintaining peace within it:
"Was there any clash het tweeni your
self and the Governor, and are tihere
any differences betwixt you?"
"There are ne eron~al difiference
except of political opinion oni som1)
minor matters. I see that strenuioui
efforts are being made to create suel
nu imnressinb utting a loce co
struction upon the telegram whic
passed in regard to my course at Flor
ence. The matter was very easily ex
plained and settled between us, and i
ought to be clear from my report tha
there was a misapprehension on hi
part as to the course I was pursuing
This is evident too, from the marke
contrast of his last telegram to me wit
those which proceeded, in which h
cautions me to soothe rather than ag
gravate the situation, act with vigo
where I thought it was safe, and er
trusted everything to my own discre
tion in accordance with his general or
"Genoral, would you mind sayin
what you think as to the riot bein
accidental or did it have a politte
"The personal flight or bogintinj
was purely accidental, but the rio
which followed it arose out of the ex
citement produced by the enforcemen
of the dispensary law. The publi
mind was evidently in an inflammabli
state, or the thing would haye beei
"Is there anything of political sig
nificance in the response made by th
people and a part of the militia afte
Columbia and Charleston had refuse
to obey ?"
"Of course, there are always som
partisans on such occasions, but
large majority of those who responde
and of those who were ready to re
spond were influenced by a patrioti
purpose to restore good order, suppor
the existing laws of the State, and t
prevent the overthrow of the const
stituted authorities of the State. 1
would not do to ascribe their conduc
to a desire for the promotion of the pc
litical ends of any faction or to th
endorsement of any special law. The
had higher aims and purposes in thei
support of the State government."
"Is the danger over, and will ther
be any further trouble arising froi
the execution of the dispensary law
Or what is the real cause of the presen
agitation in oouth Carolina?"
"I have said as much as I intended
but since you ask the question will ad
that I fear it is not, unless the method
of enforcing the dispensary law ar
very carefully handled. As to the rea
cause of the trouble, I would say it i
money, money, money, instead of 1
-quor, liquor, liquor. It is the prof
feature of the law which will eventi
ally have to go. One hundred per cen
is too great a temptation for the ave
age 'blind tiger' to resist, even thoug
lie may risk his life in yielding to 1
Besides, the 'tiger' is blind to any mo
- al wrong on his part in selling liquc
I for profit when he sees the State el
I gaged in the same business. Legall
f tug it in his mind does not change ti
moral aspect. Kill the proflt featu
and you kill the blind tiger. Let ti
t profits remain in the pockets of ti
7 people, which is the best treasury t
S State can have. The remedy wou
0 seem to be a modification and simpli
0 cation of the law, by the abolishme
V of the State dispensary, the substit
- tion of a simple purchasing and audi
1 ing agent, relegating control of the I
I cal dispensarlei to the counties an
holding the right of local option it
"General, is there any thing to t
specially dreaded in the coming can
paign ?"
"Well, you know that I sounded
note of warning in my Christmas 1W
ilections of last year, when I appeale
- to all parties for greater moderation 1
political action and discussion. Thi
warning has since been repeated t
me, and imuist confess that .1 loe
with great anxiety to the immediat
future. 1 see no real cause for conflic
if the right spirit prevailed in th
s State, becauso all of the ieforms w
have advocated are accomplished faci
s and dead issues. The dlispensary la'
-is not a reformn measure of itself, nc
e has beeni adopted by the lIeform part
B 1t, must be made one before they fe
s bound by it. Outside of the desire fc
- ollice, the dispensary seems to be thi
a sole cause of dissension. I know or
people, that they are brave and fearles
- andI~ they are not even afraid of one
-other. We maty wvell ask the questi
if this is the beginning of the can
paign, what will be0 the end of it
V Surely we can come down to the di
eussion1 of so small a matter in a di
- passioniate way, and it behooves eyei
e right thinkling citizen of either tactic
I to consider well the abyss that lies b
1 lore us. If this excitement is allow(
e3 to increase, there is great danger thi
i South Carolina will soon become ii
B atrmned camp of doubting, hating, dl
1 trustful factions which at any momei
r may be brought into bloody,riotous cot
B flict. The result would be0 doubtful, ar
no one would be benefitted, while tL
tmasses of our people would have on
a ruin and desolation staring them:
a the face, and the United States gover:
5 ment alone could restore peace am
-good order. Much will depend upc
-the courage and self-control of ti
t moderate men in both factions. Th4
,are the only iiope of the State in su<
1 an emergency. T1hey are largely in tI
i mlajority, and their highest intere
V anti( patriotism dlemandt that they co:
, trol the situation."
SAN Waterapatats.
- ANANTONIA, Texas, April 14.
r Three waterspouts, which did conside
Sable damage to property, occurred
this section last night. The most dan
. aging one occurred in Ken County,i
s Kensville, where several houses wel
washed away and a large number
t cattle oni time adjoining ranches wel
(Idrowned in the Guadalupe Itive
whicn rose twelve feet in a few mil
utes. About an hour later, anothi
' vaterspout occurred near Ihunter,
few miles North of here. The Sou'i
.Bound, International and Groat NortI
era passenger train was caught in
and~ dlhayedl four hours oni account<
the track being covered by several fei
of water. The third wvaterspout ws
west of here, near the town of Standar
The Southern Pacifle track was covere
with the flood of water for a distant
of 9everah miles.
Ami.:N, S. C., A pril 14.-The case o
.Jesse Corley, charged with the murde
of Ilenry Corley,his brother, which ha
frteuroe (lays past occupiedl th
Court of General Sessions, convene
hero, was given to thme jury this aftem
noon. In something less that Lw
hours a verdict of "guilty" with recon
mendi it ion of mercy was reached. Th
Sprevailing opinion is that the verdic
is just one, though many think the
the clause recommending mercy shoul
have beeni omitted, lon. 0. C. .Jorda
assisted the Solicitor in the p~rosecutio
while Messes. H~enderson hiros. an
- Jlohn .1t. Clay conducted the defense.
What Ohauncey F. Black, President of the
National Association, Thinke About Me a,
Organization of state Denocral lo Clubs.
r 1)
He Defines their Object. el
To the Editor of the State:
' The following letter was addressed to
me recently by tlie lion. Chauncey F. a
9 Black, the president of the "National
Association of Democratic Clubs," and
as i Is so forcible a plea for the organ
ization of these clubs throughout the c
cotintry, I deem its publication Impor- s
tant. As vice president of the league a
for South Carolina, it is my duty to re
spond to the call of the president, and '
as my views on the subject lie has so 0
ably presented are in full accord with P
his, that duty becomes in this case a 0
In my judgment if there ever was a
1 time when the great Democratic party
r depended for its permanence, its very Il
existedce, on the unity of its members, e
it is now, when false creeds and-false
prophets threaten to destroy it. This 8
I regard as eminently the case in South n
Carolina, where many of our truest c
men have been led astray by the pro- C
mulgation of political heresies, claimed 8
t by their advocates to be true "Jeffer
sonlaD Democratic principles."
The vast majority of the whites in v
South Carolina are at heart staunch "
and loyal Democrats, and they would C
not knowingly imperil their party, so
when warned as they are in such
Y strong and truthful language by one of
r the ablest leaders of the Democracy, as (
Governor Black has always beeu, of the
e dangers threatening the party. I have t
faith that they will rally to the sup. 0
port of the only party which promises r
peace, prosperity and protection to the
South d
1, My function as vice president of the t
National League is to present to the t
people of South Carolina, the views and c
e wishes of the President. If they are in hi
1 accord with him as to the dangers t
ahead of us, and the vital importance
of prompt adtion in order to avoid
them, I shall gladly give all aid in my
power to the formation of Democratic
I therefore urge all Democrats who
h stand on the national platform to or
ganize promptly these clubs, to which
every true Democrat will be eligible as
a member.
Vice President, National Association
of Democratic Clubs.
le| YORK, Pa., March 1, 1894.
Id My Dear Sir: At the recent meeting
i- of the executive committee of the Na
lt tional Association of Democratic Clubs
'I- at which you were good enough to ap.
t- pear as vice president for South Caro
3- lina, it was resolved to pushi the organ
d ization of Democratic societies through
- out the Union with all the energy at
our commond.
We believe that this is especially nec
essary in the South, not only for the
reasons heretofore given publicly by I
a you, and personally to the committee
bu, for similar reasons advanced by t
d many distinguished leaders of the De- a
11 mocracy In that section. The really
t great interests of the South, that is to j
Y say, unhindered by any intermeddling a
k central power at Washington, freedom
B of elections and the development of her C
t vast agricultural possibilities, unvexed
e by adverse and oppressive Federal tax
e ation, depend entirely, it appears to a
8 me, upon the continuance of the Dem
V ocratic party in national power, andl
r that, again, upon the intimate and cor
I dial association of the D~emociacy m
dl Southern States with the Deimocracy "
r North and West. We shlouldi know ~
0 but a single platform of principles and
r we should be animated by but a single t
4, purpose. Our interests are not diver
Ii gent but complementary. Whatever
I, injures you, injure us, whether the in
juries be to your liberties, as citizens
'? of our common country, or to your
i- commerce, or to your agriculture, or to
I- any other industry. But unfortunate
Y ly Southern Democrats, since reconi
n struction, forgetting to some extent
I. the hidelous perils they had passed, and
d relying upon their great natural ma
it jorities, have, in some places, neglected
n their organization, allowing strange
i- heresies to arise and fatal divions to
it threaten the party. I am not iintend
1- ing to say that this is peculiar to the
(I South. It is too frequent elsewhere.
e ls there a remedy ? It seems to me
y plain. Withl tile saiacity of an expe
n rienced and enlightened statesman, you
I- have very clearly pointed it out, and so
d have many other devoted Southern
n men. You need to maintain the clos
e est political relations with your Da'mo
y cratic brethren in the Union. You
hi want to embody your people upon dis
e0 tinct D~emocratic principlies, in a dis
it tinct D~emocratic organization, which
I- embraces the entire-cnuntry,and moves
with a common impulse. IHeretofore
we have met only in the r.ational camn
paigns, but there our relations cease.
r- There isno further intercomnmunication
nBut a system of Democratie societies,
emlbraciing the whole Union, active i
tevery year, and all the year,uniting the v
Sgreat multitude of primary societies in c
State andl national atssociationis, in con
stant fraternal correspondence and in
r warmest sympathetic touich one with
': another, is, it seems to me, the ideal
r practical relationship which should pre
a vail between us. Such an organization ~
hi is presented by the National Associa- iE
.tion of the D~emocratic Clubs. Its a
Sprinciples are thus formulated In tile i<
second article of the Constitution: a
SThe objects of tils assoication are as V
follows: b
TIo foster the formation of perman- g)
ent D~emocratic clubs and societies
throughout the United States, uind in
sure their active co-operation in dis
seminating Jeffersonian principles of t~
f To preserve the Constitution (of the a
r United States, the antonomy of the 13
s States, local self-governnmenlt, and f ree- h
a dom of elections.
I To resist revolutionary charges and hi
- the centraliution of power. n
> To oppose the i mposition of taxes be- t
-yondl thle necessities of government n
B economically adin nistoredi. p
t To promote economy in all branches c
t fo the public service.b
I To oppose unaesessary commercial u
ri restrictions for the benefit of the'few at t
ri the expense of the many. (
:1 To oppose class legislation, whicha
depoiln labor and hnuds un monopoly1
To maintain inviolate the fundamen- J
3 principles of Democracy-"Equal
y before the law."
To co-operate with the regular or- A I
inization of the Democratic party in
ipport of Democratic men and Demo.
atic measures.
These propositions embody only in- A
sputable Democratic doctrines. They
,e in general terms, the faith of the
unders of the party, and of all true t
emocrats of this, as of preceding gen
,ations. That statement of them
as not only adopted by the first nat.
nal convention of Democratic clubs
lialtim ore in 1888, and readopted by
ke second national convention at 81e
ew York in 1892, but it has been for- no
ally adopted by many State Demo- wa
atic societies from the Atlantic to the Jar
acifle, and by 'thousands of primary mal
icieties, members of the State societies jun
id of the National Association. C in hot
>u suppose a more perfect guarantee wit
1 future harmony upon sound princi- aw
les than such a mighty brotherhood itj,
' Democrats, North, South East and scr
lest ready to encourage and defend the his
arcy, in whatever section assailed ?lieK
Lich an organization, holding to the
tter of the Constitution and the strict p
anstruction commandments of our
thers, as the indispensable conditions mc
f the continuance of our republican in. It 1
Litutions, would, in a very few years, she
lake this country permanently Demo- hot
ratic, and in the meantime, it would, tot
generally adopted in the Sonthern ten
tates, secure them against the tem- the
orary inroads of third parties pro- I
oked by momentary ills, and propos- arc
ig invariably, undemocratic and un- ole
onstitutional measures of relief. ne
If, in addition, your people will re- nog
iember, that the Democratic society
ras the original organizattion of the a a
ntire Democratic party; that it was cat
nly by means of the Democratic socie. an
les that Democrats address each other, rol
r the world, in the earliest days of the for
?public; that it was the expedient of the
efferson and his compeera; that, in- cul
eed, the popular club has ever been tur
le most efficient engine popular agi- Ne
tion; that the thunders of the Demo- litt
ratic societies of the South were pIG
eard from end to end of the 1.ind I in
le first struggle between Democracy tht
nd Federalism, and that the societies fro
f Virginia and South Carclina were ly
pecially co-spicious in those times, ty
vhen the everlasting foundations of ar
ur deathless party were laid, they will Of
iccept the propc' tition to institute m
hem anew with t!e greater alacrity. L
I suggest that you consider this sub- bi
ect at your earliest convenience, and m
ihat you ask, in the way you deem best dj
he co-operation of the Democratid of W
South Carolina in the institution of a be
system of Democratic societies, which LI,
sh1all embrace every election district in
your State. Each of them should be
enrolled with the National Association *
Lawrence Gardner, secretary. Wash! aR
ington D. C. and at.the proper.time, you C
will doubtless consider it ;Advisable to d4
call a State convention of deputies g1
from the several societies to form the
Democratic society of South Carolina. l3
I remain with groat respect, very gi
truly yours, CHAUNCEY F. BLACK. d<
Defles ila Traducers. as
LAURENS, S. C,, April 14.-A picnic ra
eunion of Company G. 3d South Caro- Ri
ina Infantry Veterans, known in the wl
var as the "Briars," was held at Iower ag
oday in this county. A crowd of four ro
undred people was addressed by Col. wi
. J. Crittenden and Col. J. A. Hoyt, of gr
treenville, col. B. W. Ball. of Laurens, so
nd Adjutant and Inspector General th
'arley, all confining themselves to in
idents of the war. we
Congressman Shell, a veteran of the
ame regiment and a guest of the occa
ion, spoke in defence of his record as col
leader of the Reform movement and mi
nawered the charges against him. In to
he course of his speech lhe strongly de- InC
ounced those who had attacked him an
s a deserter, charging that those so de
,pt to cry out "Treason deserved watch- lie
ag themselves. The party crying an
hief, as a rule, is himself a natural to
orn thief."
TIhe crowd: "That's pretty hard Cp
ain; that's pretty hard."Ca-j
Shell replied in dramatic tones: "But to
t, is true, though; it is true."
Th'ie speaker declared that he was
Iroudl that he had been instrumental
ui having Joseph B. Kershaw appoint- M4
d to ollice. The time has come when ad
Larmonly and unity among the white Bp
meople of the State should prevail; hi~
'hose who denounced him lived by frc
gitation and could only succeed by Br
eeping upl a racket. W
ie reiteraitedl his declarati'm that he la
vouldl withdraw from politics at the fol
lose of his present term in Congress.
Resolutions or condolence on the yo
leath of Glen. Kershaw, their old com.- to
nander, were passed by the veterans, ed
'le bullet,-riddled battleilag of the 3d 110
Souith Carolina regiment was paraded. the
'lie veterans were commanded during fee
lie day by B. W. Lanf ord, the ranking no0
urvivor. County Auditor 0. u. gre
hiompson, who wvas a boy member of if
he company, was called on before the tri
lose of the meeting and mado a brief me
peech. ancndl
)r.DiCNdiTON, April 18.-Mr. II, Y, th(
catrborough, a reputable cifitizen, has
rrwarde~d to the Governor an aflldavit kir
which he st~ates that Mr. J. K. Kir-- nol
en, chairman of the board of control, hat
l'e~red1 to secure himii the p)ositiOn of do
ispenser on condition that, he (Scar- the
orough) would give him *10 per month tio
-om his salary, ie further st~ates that
lirven wanted him to appoint a nephew a
f' his (Kirven's) clerk, and said tha' to
tey could then e'un the dispensary to
t themselves. The affidavit goes on ser
> state that both1 ofters were declined of'1
rid that then Kirven used his In liuence one
have other man appomnted. Scar-- ane
rirough Is a Reformer, but is liked by me
to people of both factions-State, wh,
nutchered. a
.FLORENCE, April 16.-To-day Wal
sr Britt and WillIam Johnson, colored
ere goishing. Britt 3ursed John
m.They both began fIghting, when
ritt whipped outa butcher knife that he W,
ad concealed in his bosom and slashed Fe
ohinson's left arm and Bide. It was a wI
orrib~le gash and big enough to lay a aci
ian's list in. The point of the blade cit
ouched the beart and death was at- me
lost instantaneous. The affray hap- thi
ened at Perry's brick yard near the ab
orporate limits. Britt was captured th
*y Alderman J. F. Stackley and locked- all
p. Coroner Bunch held an inquest m
his afternoon. The verdict was in ac- de
ordance with the above facts. John- 8c
on was a Marion darky, Britt is a TI
lerkeley negrn ofnth manes.t ty..
Woman 81 Year@ 0ld Brutally Out
iged by a Negro-The Mlitary Guard
i the Jail Withdrasvn and the Orlinlnal
LEVELA ND, 0., April 15.-Speedy
Ice was meted out to a colored rape
d at Rusheylvania, a small place
r Belleiontaine tonight. The wretcll
Seymour Newland, his victim Mrs.
e Knowles, a respectable white wo.
181 years old. She was terribly in.
id by the fiend. When alone In her
so last night, Newland entered and
iout a word assaulted her. She was
Lked by the noise he made in coming
) the bedroom. She attempted to
!am, and the-negro brutally slapped
hands across her mouth and forced
back on her pillow. She fought des.
ately, but her feeble strength was
n exhausted. Ile abused her in the
st fiendish manner and left her in
itiable condition. After he had gone
dragged herself to a neighbor's
ise and aroused the inmates. She
I the story in a few broken sen
ces and then sank helplessly at
ir feet.
Vithout loss of time other folks were
used. The news of the assault trav
d like wild fire and in a short time
irly the entire populace of the vil
5 was acquainted with the story and
5arch for Newland begun. The mob
ght Newland a few miles from town
I messengers were dispatched for a
e to hang him with. While waiting
the i ope Sheriff Sullivan arrived on
scene and after considerable difl.
Ly induced the excited citizens to
a the cowering wretch over to him.
wland was taken to Lhe lock-np, a
le plank shell, and a strong guard
ced outside.
Lhe excitement became so intense
,t the sheriff called for the militia
m Bellefoutaine. A company quick
arrived and formed a hollow square
>und the flimsy prison. The sight
the soldiers seemed to enrage the
)b which hung around the vicinity.
md threats of an attack were made
them. In some manner one of the
ob had succeeded in placing several
namite bombs beneath the cell in
Lich the negro was locked, the object
ing to blow him up. The arrival of
a militia prevented the plan to destroy
e negro. The fact that the bombs
bre there was disclosed to the sheriff
d he removed them. Finally yielding
the entreaties of the people, he oc
red the militia to withdraw and local
lards replaced the armed force.
The crowd was just in the mood for a
nching. About 9:30 o'clock they
thered around the frail structure in a
termined body. The guards offered
resistance and after being pushed
ide the building was overturned with
Is gathered trom neighboring fencev.
iady hands were laid on Newland,
io howled with terror and fought saf.
ely. le was knocked down and a
Pe placed about his neck. Then with
Id yells the mob dragged him over the
)und to a small cotton wood tree
ne distance away. One end was
own over a limb, and the wretch
a raised by the neck until he stood
A jury was drawn and a mock trial
nmenced but it was abruptly termi
nated, as the mob was too impatient
wait. Tile doomed negro kept up an
Bessant groaning and hn~peal for mercy
:1 was only stopped when with a sud
i jerk, he was sent skyward. There
was held until dead. Newland was
exconvict and had once before been
ind guilty of r ape.
M4rs. Knowles, Newland's victimn, ls
a critical conditioni, and not expected
Rtosee for Judige Wilson.
WASIIINGTON, April 16.-Judge .Jere
Wilson, whose eloquent plea for the
vancement of women In the closing
iech for Madeline Pollard gained for:
n a tine bouquet of La France roses,
m Miss Mary D~eshia, sister of Col. .
ackinridge's late wife, Mrs. Dan
tugh, Miss Nettle L. White, Miss
uls Lowell and others, has sent the
lowing letter of acknowledgement:
My D~ear Miss White: I beg that
i will receive for, and communicate
the "twenty-eight women" mention
in your note, my thanks for the
,vers; and I1 beg you also to assure
m that looking back over a long pro
silonal career, soon to close, there is
~hing in it all that will be more
tifying to me than to have it said,
it be said, that I have con
>ute to the advancement of wo
n, and the establishment of a moral
I social code that will visit upon.
offending man the same nmeasure
condemnation that it visits upon
'offending woman.
o far as I have the names of these
d ladies, I have addressed to them
es of acknowledgement, which I
id you herevwith, and which I beg to
mp the favor to so direct as that
y will reach their intended~ destina
Is. Very respectfully,
.he note which accompaniedj the
vers and to which the abov wsy
)ear Mr. Wilson: These flowers are
t to you as a mark of appreciation
,be stand you took yesterday for
code of morals for man and woman
also for the advancement of we
,n in an active part in the world in
ich we all have an equal interest
twenty-eight women. With respect'
I gratitude most sincerely
'ENSACOLA, Fbi., April 16.--George
Southgate, superintendent of the
nsacolat water works, was drowned
tile returning from a fish dinner
~oss the bay yesterday, le left the
y in company with live other gentle.
mn in a small sail boat and reached
air destination safely, but when
out six miles from the mainland on
Bir return, the boat was carsized and
three went into water. The party
Inaged to hold on to the boat until
ybreak this morning, when Mr.
uthgate became exhausted and died.
ie balance of the party was rescued
Sa nanning barg.

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