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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, May 24, 1894, Image 1

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, MA 24~
VLXXItPlKNS(.,TItDAMY2, 1894. .NO36
There Qau be No lists ke as t o His Staw
on National Questions-Can Vote foral
ibe Demands Except the Sub-Treas
Ury Plana
COLUMIIA, b. C., May 16.-On April
18, Governor Tillman received a lettei
Wt from Ion. Thomas P. Mitchell, chair
man of the executive coimittee of the
Farmrs Alliance, enclostug the fol,
lowing questions which be had beer
ordered by the Alliance, to propound to
all candidates for cfllce in the gift oj
the people of South Carolina:
"First. Will you discuss the Ailliauc
demands in the comiag campaign, par,
ticularly those relating to the flnanceE
of the country and defend them tigainst
the enemies of our order.
"becond. Will.you pledge loyalty t(
the demands of the National Farmeri
Alliance and Industrial Union abovo
loya$.y to party caucus and vote againsi
any and all candidates who decline t<
commit tbemselves to this extent Y"
To this letter Governor Tillman re
plied as follows:
Columbia, 8. C., April 28, 1894.
Hon Thomas P. Mitchell, Woodwards
Dear Sir: In reply to your letter o
April 18, 1 desire to say:
1 will discuss the principles and polici
of the Alliance in the coming campalgi
and make myself clearly understood.
1 am a candilate for United Statei
Senator, and if elected will vote on al
questions as my conscience and judg
ment dictate. But as I shall not, I
elected Senator, represent myself but thi
people, I would at all times obey the in
structions of the party in the State t,
which I belong as set forth in its plat
form. Yours respecifully,
Yesterday Governor Tillman receivet
the following letter from Mr. Mitchell
Woodward, 8. U., May 14, 1894.
Hon. B. R. Tillman, Columbia, S. C.
My Dear Sir: Your letter in reply ti
the questions on the demands of the Al
liance was duly received, and as I di
A . not think you made your position al
clear as you might have done- and pos
sibly not as clear as you intended to di
I respectfully submit them again fo:
your consideration. I am sure you ar4
with us in this matter and I hope yoi
will come right out and say so. I cai
assure you, with my knowledge of th
sentiments of the Alliance and those i:
sympathy with the Alliance, this cours
on your part will cement them togett
er in one solid phalanx for your electio1
40 to the United States Senate and we wil
roll up such a majority for you tha
General Butler will not know he was 11
the race. Hoping to hear from you b
reuriinail favorably in regard to thl
matter, I am, sir, yours fraternally,
Chairman Executive Committee.
To the above he replied as follows:
Hon. Thos. P. Mitchell, Woodward, k
My Dear Sir: You. atter of yester
day received. As you ask for a promp
reply, I answer at once. Having beei
the recognized leader of the Reforr
party or faction in the State since it
organization in April, 1886, and havin
been very pronounced and outspokei
in my speech at St. Louis last Octobei
and more recently in my interview c
April 9th ult., I did not go into detail
Ihr answering your letter of April 18t0
because I thought it entirely unnecei
sary. I had no thought of keeping an
opinions or policy I hold on publi
questions hidden-as I am not a strad
dler or dodger in politics or anythin
I will, therefore, answer as clearly.a
1 know how, in order to satisfy all wh
may care to know how I stand.
The financial policy advocated by tb
Alliance embraces three things:
# 1. The abolition of national bank
and the Issue of paper money direct b
the United States government.
-2. The tree coinage of silver at the ri
tio of16 to 1.
3. The inc~rease of the 'circulatln
mediums, gold, silver and legal tende
greenbacke, to at least $50 per capita
These fundamental ideas or demand
are accompanied by the' scheme for
government syst em of banking, inco:
porating the sub-treneurv ide'a and thi
lending of money .to the peoiple at
low rate of interest.
To the three propositions set 'fort
above I can and do give my earniei
support and wlli strive, if elect ed Seni
tor, to see them incorporat ed into 1a'
and become the fixed policy of our goa
I also can advocate arnd fight for a
the other "demana" except that
doubt the wisdom or practicability <
the government owning and runnin
all railroads, tel* graph and telephron
lines. I will take occasion during t
V campaign to- discuss all' these mattei
fully. The one essential ponint c
.which I differ with the Alliance is thi
lending of money to the peo e.
could easily dodge behind the "orlom
thing better," if so minded, but na
self-respect and my duty to the peop
who have shown such love and trust, i
my leadership will not, allow me
quibble or shirk,w hatever conatequenci
may follow this avowal. I would I
unworthy of the honors they have coi
Sferredi on me in the past and of a
trust whatever if I did not come ot
boldly and tell them the t ruth. This
the more obligatory on me now becaut
I am seeking to enter national politic
In 1892 1 did not discuss national quel
tions or oppose the incorporation of thi
Ocala plattorm In the State Democrati
platform in hMay because I saw ther
was danger of our hotheaded Allianc4
men splitting off into a third party
the fatal blunder which caused M
Cleveland's nomination and well nig
Sestroyed the Alliahce in all the othe
Outhern States. Had our example I
Bo0ith Carolina been followed' in th
other Southern States Alliance ideE
would be the predomir~ant ones in al
the South to-day and our national at
ministration would not be controlle
.by allied mugwumps -and Republicari
and traitors. I am differently situate
.now, being a candidate for the Unite
States Senate, and honesty compels thi
every one who votes for me shall knoi
how I stand, I am unalterably oppose
to the national government lendin
.any body money. The Alliance is nc
consistent when it demands the aboli
tion of national banks on the groun
that the system is unjust and robs th
people (in all of which I Concur) for thi
benefit of a privileged few and then
turns around and asks that the govern
ment lend money to the -farmer under
.a similar system on the same terms. It C
is a transfer of a Special privilege
which should never have been granted
to anybody, from - the banks to the
i holders of cotton), wheat, etc., and can- C
not be defended, because two wrongs
I never make one right. But without
going further into the argument, which
can be amply discussed this summer, I
must remind you that in spite of. all
our efforts tQ restore silver to its place, 'I
the money power has succeeded in its 0
long cherished purpose of demonetiz I
ing it. This wan accomplished through I
the unwiso leadership of those South
ern A)liapcemen who left the silver
Democra s at the critical time to or
ganize the third party and enablPd
Cleveland's henchmen to divide many I
Southern delegations and control oth
ers so that he got the nomination in v
spite of his record on silver Now, as t
South Carolina set her sisters a wise t
example in 1892. it is incumbent on hor c
to repeat it In 1894 It is a time to be r
formulating the plat form and marshal- i
ling the people for 1896. Abating not e
one jot or tittle of the demands which
can be defended and upon which we
can go to tne country in the hopes of
carrying the next Presidential election
we must eliminate all radical and im
practicable schemes and appeal to the
good sense aid enlightened self-inter- I
est of he great American people. Too 1
many issues will only confuse and di
vide us and we cannot afford to palter c
about lending money -on cotton and t
wheat when we have not been able to t
prevent the Lombard & Wall street
combination from accomplishing the
enslavement of the masses by the de
monetization of silver, and the bank
ing system which enables those thieves
to control the circulating metlium' at I
3 will. LEt us give battle to the ene- I
- mies of liberty and prosperity among t
the masses under the flag of "free silver I
- more greenbacks and gold-all legal t
tender and all receivable for any and E
all dues private and public," affd we
have some chance of winaing. Leave
methods of distribution and system of
banking alone to be settled after we
win the fight on those issues.
Now, as to voting against caucus
control, 1 can readily and willingly
promise to sustain policy and vote on
the lines I have indicated without re- I
gard to any caucus. The Northeastern i
Democrats have set us an example on 1
that line, which will be sufficient ex- i
cuse for all time. The Senate Demo
cratic caucus has maie concessions to
local interests which have destroyed
3 what little there was of "tariff reform"
I in the Wilson bill. The goldbug Dem
B ocrats of the House refustd to caucus
on the repeal of the Sherman law last
summer. Eastern Democrats and Re
I publicans alike ignore party lines and
cautcuses when' their interests are at
I stake. It is time we of the South and
7 West should do likewise. The caucus
was a good thing as long as it served to
rob those sections; it becomes obsolete
when justice Is songht to be obtained
through its agency. My dear sir, in
eonclueion, I hope I have made my po
sition clear enough at last. If it shall
unite and cement the Alliance in my
- support I shall be glad, if not Ishall not
t complain and will. cheerfully leave the
t matter of my election in the hands of
I my follow citizens. If honored by their
8 suifrages I will in the future, as in the
g past,stand by their rights and Interests
1 with all the power of mind and heart
', which I may possess. If they choose to
f retire me to private life, I will as cheer
s fully abide their will. Respectfully,
making it ilot for itm.
c LLINGTON, Ky., May 17.-If the
whitehaired, silver-tonuged Breckin
g ridge could have peeped into the Lex
ington Opera House Monday afternoon
s at 8 o'cloce and have heard what was
o being said about nim, who where the
speakers and who composed the audi
e ence, he would have rctreated and me
solved never to show his face aigain in
Sthe Ashland district.
*The meeting to protest again the re
nomination of Col. Bireckinridge to
.- Congress was called for 2:30 o'clock,
and an hour bef.ore that time the lower
11l'-r of the Hloune was full. By 2
r o'c. )ck the galleries begaun to liillup, and
f when the meeting was called to order a
half hour later there was not standing
a room, and some five or six hundred
a people had been turned away. 'W. B.
3 H awkins presideo.
e Upon the eame platform where Col.
a Bre-ckinrldge received lisa ova' ion
which gave him confidenice of his re
h ele-ction sat some one, hundreu mem
tbsrs of the most prominent, and most
-honored families In the country, anid
some of the best known edu~cattors in
Kentucky. There was great, enthur..
iiThe lirst speaker was El-ler J. W,
iMcCarv..y, who defendeo the Mmnt>
te-rial Union from the attacks Breckin.
ridlge made upon It in his spers;nes here
and at Paris. ie contend~ed that minis.
et era did have a right to p)oint out 1o
stheir flock the dangers that 'lay bet ore
them, and that when a wolf is coming
to di stroy them it is the (uty of the.
minister to warn their fI >ck in tim-.
Pointinrg to the motto over the stageo,
which read: "The honor anid initei rig
eof Ashland district must and shall be
Spreserved," hie said that he was proud
of being a Kentuentan, and that bt'
cause he was prou<l of lis State he
Surged all voters whbo were t ruly pat
. riotic to cast their votes agaluist the re
Iturn of this man to Congress.
t Thle lion. Milton Ji. 17urhiam, Coim
s ptroller of the Treasury, (diring Cleve
e ton' first term, was the second speaker
:- Breckinridge unmercifully. In speak
e ing ot. him, he said if lie ilved an up
c right and moral life there would be lit.
e t10 question as to the advisability of
sending him back to Congress.I
-would rather he had good virtue than"a
.silver tongue, and I believe you will say
the same thing at the ballotebox "
r In closing Judge Durham said: "I
n ask yout in the name of these womnen,
Sof these mothers and daught~ers and
wIves of good citizens not to retur
Col. Breckinridge to Congress, becauise
I believo it would bet a disgrace to the
district. and to the State." This Was
Sreceived with loud and prolonged ap
Splause, Resolutions indicative of the
purpose and sentiment of the meeting
twere then introduced anid adopted.
Many Perish,
d NEW YORK May 13.--A special cable
to The Herald from Caracas says that
*t a terrible eartiiquake took place in
-Vengula on AprIl 28. The cities of Mo
d rida, La Q unillass, Chiguara, and Dan
a Jtuan, are reported totally destroyed.
o Villagres are said to be wrecked.'
ROCK HILt , . C,
In the Occasion of the Liaying of the
Corner Stune of the Winthrop inldus
tilal Oo)lege for Wvomon at fliatTown.
The following is the address of Gov. e
'illman oi. the occasion of the laying r
f the corDer stone of the Winthrop I
ndustrial College for women at Rock I
1ill on the 12dh instant:
Latlies and Genthman: This is a
reat and alourious day tor S-uth Caro
ina. ' It is a day of promise and bright
ope for York conty, but, thO men and
romen whose breasts should swell and
brob with doepast emotions ot gratula
ion and pride are the men and women i
I Rock Hill-those whose pluck, self
eliance and for slibted business
astincts and parioti-4m made them
nter the race for the prize
nd come out winners. If as always
learly apparent, the prize is a greater,
aore valuable one than they themselves
ver dreamed, then I icnow every one of
'ou who comes to celebrate the pub'ic
)stallation of this arand institution will
oin me in congratulations to the people
>f this ambitious, progressive little city
LUd your hearty sympat.hy is shown by
his outpouring of people to witness her
We have met to celebrate with fliting
eromonies the laying of the corner
toni of this grand State institution of
earning. It is, as It were, the public
6nd cfficial birth ol the Woman's Col.
eve. As chairman of the board of trus
ees the task has fallen to me-and I
)erform it willingly-to make a few in
roductory remarks. And first let me
iay that, in casting about in my mind
or something fitting the occasion, I
bought it would interent you to know
iomething about the ceremony itself,
md I went to work to look up the sub.
pct. I soon found that I had gotten
uto very deep water-30 deep in fact
,bat I have never touched bottom-for
xlthough I have ranched encyclepedias
md Masonic dictionawies, I can find
iothing very clear on the subject, and
ibsolutely nothing is to its origin. We
read every day of the laying of the cor
ner-stone of this monument or that edl
lice or church, and it is always done by
the Free Masons, but the Masons tho
delves, while they employ a most impos
ing ritual and use symbols that ire very
impressive, are equally in the dark with
ourselves as to when, where, or by
whom the ceremony was Instituted. In
tracing tie matter up I got as far back
as ttie Book of. Job-one of the oldest
books in the world. He lived more than
fIfteen hundred years before Christ, ac
cording to the accepted chronology and
In that remarkable poem occurs this
)we-inspiring query, propounded by
Cod himelef to the Man of Many Sor
rowe: "Where wast thou whea I laid
lbe foundations of the earth; declare if
Ihou hast understanding? Who has laid
the measurew thereof, if thou knowest?
)r who hath stretched the line upon it?
Whereupon are the toundations thereof
fasteie6? or who laid the corner-stone'
thereof, when the morning starssang to
rether and all the sons of God s'ioutod
for j)3?"
Ilere we find iueuticu made of the
corner-stone cf the earth, as though it
were an cdiflce built by God himself;
also of the "line" which Masons use
for their. mearuring. 01f course the
Book of Job was writteu by a man and
necessarily his similes had ieference to
to pre- existing conditions and customs,
and the beautiful ceremonial, which you
will shortly witness will excite in your
hearts and minds sensations and
thoughts of the most solemn and inspir
ing nature. The mind will dwell upon
the idea of' a great first cause, a sure
toundation and a wise ndatutation of
means to en~ds, while the heart will 1)e
lifted in gra~titude for the bienssingi we
enjoyed in this world and 'he hope otf a
hieher life in the nrext ; and, then, the
imagimation will picture briL'ht est; dreathss
and anticipati mas for the future of' the in
em ituition which we pmr po0se to'erec, here~
and I ho boundl~(hess beneillts thatt are to
ac.crniu thieretromn to our'' S'ite andi peo
%imida, describes tin-in as "s '~iold thait
thes hmv fi 1 irroie. the names of ttirh
inudes, 1nd( white,-ats we havei secii,
'hi re~ is rLottnr o is hitry touclhhig the
origin of' the ceremony ot haivine the
co~rner atone. the first begiuimns of Mt
sonry. the ori.gin of the order, are eq .il,
a mystery. IL is claitned b2I Vomu that.
t )e Miaonic traterity fiest, beciami in
oriaized or' corporate body am, the build
iug of Somo' T 'mo!le, viuc'i was de~
idiited( nearlyt 2 900 years titro. Who
ther this he trite ior fas, thbere is abhao
hute proof tat the MatsonS aire the most
Lncietif I.ud~d or ordeir in the wor'id; and,
w hite H~ugo)'t apoflhe-gmt i applicable to
tutm fraternity, it is a rtain that a cere
mlonyv, similar posibly to the one w hich
y ou will itnees today, was perf,>ratnd
at t hie beginning of the e'ect mou of that
mi'gnilleent e'hilce, which David's son
er'ected i o the Most, Iigh.
Ini th days113 of old1, it is irue that the
Mason was the amani who hewed the
Stone, fitted it to its place, tried it wit~h
his level, measurld it with hi sequmro,
fixed its pierpendiuar by his plummet,
and1( placed it in p)ositionI as 'a basis and
etarting poimt of thme edifice. But wioihe
the stone-cutter of today may be0 a Free
Mason, the Free Mason is no longer ne
cessarily a worker with the hamnmer and
the chisel. TIhie hidory of the trauisition
from tihe active, practical workman to
the speculative, mysterious philanthrop
its and dloor cf charitiable wor ks might
interest ybu, but I. must hastein on, and
you will doubtless 1)e more than willing
to hiaveyourr mmds ibroug~hiback from this
excursion ito the dimi pasit, with Its uin
knowable mysteries and its mtipirattionis,
to the Present with its duattcs and high
The 'history of' higher education in
South Carolina for men is one of which
our people ma~i well hLe proud. The
South Carolina College, at, Columbia,
was founded In 1801, rmety-three years
ago, and it has always deserved and
received a handsome support from the
ioys was established fifty-one years ago.
Jntll within the last eight yers, these.
wo colleges which were promptly re
pened as soon as the white people re
aIned possession of the government in
outh Carolina in 1878, were considered
mple by those who had control to
upply all the needs of out people for
igher education by the State.
But the wheels of progress were mov
siL, even in South Carolina, and, after a
omewhat protracted and bitter struggle,
nother school for boys-Cleaison Col
oge-was established in 1889 by act of
he General Assembly, and opened its
loors to itudents last July. This school
3 a new depariure. The three founda
nental ideas which.have actuated those'
vho plead' for it, and who have opened
t so successfully, are cheapues's, the
lignity of labor, and, the application of
Lpplied science to practical af
tOairs. It is "bread and butter" school
u every seonse of the word, seeking
.o fit men for the ( ccupations they it
en:1 to follow, while giving a good prati
al drill in the EiOlish branches. It was
ontended by those who opposed its be.
ne founded, that the man should be ecu
aled first and leave him to acquire
echnical or special training afterwards.
FEe foundamental idea of the Clemson
urriculum is that the two shall go to
,ether; that while the mind is being
rilled to reason correctly and the brain
ultivated by the acquisition of know.
edge, the hand and eye shall also be
rained, and that, instead of wasting
ime in physical culture in the gymna
ium or on the base ball ground or in
he tennis court, the boy shall receive all
iecessary muscular development by per.
orming labor. which is educational
)u the farm and in the work
'hop. That this college has met a
ong felt want and that our people have
'aith and hope for the new system of ed.
ication, vou have occular demonstra.
.ion in the splendid corps of cadets,
iumbermg 560, who have paid tWeir own
way to come across the State to give an
5arnest of the pleasure they feel in
idding eclat to the ocaasion which has
brought us together. Consider that ten
montbs ago every one of these erect,
nanly looking youngsters was a gawky,
ilouchy country lout or city dude, while
bt of them have only been at Clentson
since February, and you will give due
credit to those in charge of it for the
transformation which has been wrought.
I have reason to know that the trans
formation going on in their minds is
equally marked. These youths are the
seed corn of our country. They are be
ing taught that God helps those who
help themselves; that success in life re
quires self reliance and labor; that work
is honorable; that work is necessary,
atpd that South .Carolima will never
achieve greatness except through the
efforts - of her own children; that
knowledge of books is good, but not the
only knowledge that Is necessary; that
knowledge of things ts better; and that
skill, onel-gy and perseverence, with di
versified Pursuits, will alone make South
Carolina great and prosperous.
We find, when we come to recapitu.
late, that the South Carolina College,
hoary with aze and rendered illustrious
by the famous men it 'as educated,
stands strong and sturdy among its clus.
tering elms, in our Capital city. The
Citadel, equally honored by its alumni,
Is doing its special work in Charleston.
Clemson, which is spanned by such a
bright rainbow of promise, is fanned by
the mountain breezes of O.once. All
for boys.
What.lhave we done for our women?
Where does the State educate its future
mothers? The answer to the one ques
tion is "nothing"'; the answer to the
other is ales, too often, "nwer.
But, thank God, this great wrong will
soon be righted. This reproach on our
justice and our statesmanship will no
longer cause us to blush. We have
waited long-too long--but, tardy jus
t.ice will he done to the sisters of the
nois for whose education the State has
splent hundreds of thousands of dollars.
while the ghrls have reccived nothing.
Grander in design than any or ail of
them, larger and more elaborate In ar
chitc ctiure, more beautiful and ornament
ed, as is fIttIng; the Winthrop N. r
mal and Industrial Collego of South Car
olinai, will erc long pierce thes eky withI
its stately spire, and the sk'. of' York
wilh be spannedl by another briiht, rain
b)~v of promise., I hat, wviil a'tract. the
gyz of i.be p)eole, not only of this State
i'ut of many States. The building
whose corneur atone +e lay today, is oune
of I be larigest single, school edifices in the
Sajueh, and, w hen the two dI .rmi tori-s
hich are require'l to comtiplete the plans
are eraetid, it. will be the largest, female
coll-e of us kind ini the~ Uniotn.
Be~ i 14aid to the mnen of he State, that
whet her from lhatoe at, tfeir long ne.
tilect, our from at tardy re-aliztion of the
huece~aitu anui imfportance of the avat~em
of training whico we pr~opose to inaugu
rate here, that, thre hans not been one
diseent ing voice ttua far raised acainst
the bulildinlg and equtipment of this col
legs, since the idea ficat took shape'three
13 f arn I proceedl to give a brief out
hoe t f the scope andl planl of the institu
tioni as it, htas been miappled out by the
board of trustees, I wouldl go back a lit
tle to spea1k of Clemson. As von all
know, that collegg is located at Fo)rt,
II ill, the 01(d home of' Carolina's great
eat statesman, John C. Calhoun. The
history oh its etndowment by Mr. Clemn
son1, whosa name it bears, is not neces -
sary to be given as you are all familiar
with it. It is of the connection of tbe
school with Calhoun'a memory and
spirit, which is its presiding genius that
I wish to speak. In 1850, DanIel Web
ster, Calhouu's greatest compeer In the
Senate, wan made Secretary of State in
Fill'nore's Cabinet, and his place was
tllledt by appointinent of the Governe~r
of Massachusetts. In March of thatyear
Calhoun p~assed to thle land of shadows,
and this successor of Webster, a man of
noted ancestry, of ripe scholarship, the
highest integrity and character, the
broadecst statesmanship, eloquent and
every way fitted to (10 the subject justice
pronouncedh a eulogy upon the dead
Carolinian. In the II~u-se of Represen
tatives of which he had been a mnember
for ten years previous, which was em!.
nently worthy of both. ThIs is the bond
of union between the two men. Die
-- si
snane Claisn that Murray Was Not Fair
1y and Cquarely Nominated-Meeting of g4
the State Rtepublican Exocutive Uon- 1F
rnitt 0-What Was Done. U
COLUMBIA, S. C., May 16.--Unherald- T
ed, the notables of the Rtepu olican par- 8]
ty came into Columbia yesterday morn- a
Ing and during the day there was a
great rattling of the dry bones of the ti
Republican corpse in South Carolina al
There was Bob Smalls, the "gullah f
statesman," there was George Wash
ington 'Murray. the present gullah
Congressman from the seventh dis- a
trict.; there was Jenkins, the "gentle
man from Bucksley," there was Dick
Inson, Edmund Deas, FordhamilBray
ton, the white ex State chairman; Web- a
ster, the present State chairman, and ci
Dthers. R1
The followinir is a complete list of b!
those present: E. A. Webster, chair- t<
man, Orangeburg; Robert Smalls, Beau- p
fort; E. FT. Deas, Darlington; J. F. Lo- ti
pt-z, Colleton; G. W. Murray, Charles- $i
too; R. E. Brown, Charleston; E. J. It
Dickson, Aiken; Professor Morris, 1
Barnwell; J. 1H. Johnson, Newberry;
R. A. Tolbert, Abbeville; W. J. Thqm
as, Oconee; L F. Goldsmith Greenville;p
B. F Means, Spartanburg; V. E. Boy- rX
kin, Kershaw; .J. E. Wilson, Florence; t
L. Jacobs, Williamsburg; R. A. Stew
art, Clarendon; W. W. Ramsey, Sum- d
ter; George A. Reid, Beaufort; I. E.
Jenkins, Berkeley.
They came here to attend a meeting
of the State Republican executive com- 1
mittee and the meeting was held be
hind closed doors, continuing most of r<
the day. The principal wox k of the
day was trying to settle a first class
row between Smalls and Murray about Li
the nomination in the First Congress
ional district. This has not been set
tied, except in so far as a result of the
meeting. f
The most important thing done dur.
ing the day was the appointment of a d
committee consisting of BraytonFord
ham, Dickinson and Webster, to devise
means for testing the election laws of
South Carolina as they now stand in I
the courts. This committee proposes
to bring a test case in the State Su
preme Court or in the United States 1
Court to test the constitutionality of
the State election laws. They propose
to establish a fund for the purpose and
cmploy able counsel to make the test.
Another matter of importance tran
sacted was the revision of the rules of
the party, so as to reach all cases of
redistricting, there being no such pro
visions heretofore. The committee an
nounces that it proposes to issue an
address to the Republican voters of the
State very shortly, calling upon them
to register, and referring to other mat
ters of registration.
The committee yesterday did not dis
cuss the matter of nominating a State
ticket, saying it is as yet too early to
discuss that matter. They say, how
ever, that they will cali the State con
vention to be held in September, and
there the matter of nominating a State
ticket will be given serious consluera
tion. They say they are watching the
Democrats to see what they are going
to do and their action will be governed
In regard to the Congressional fights E
the Republicans will make, they say f
that they will not bother with any but I
the new First and Seventh districts.
In the Seventh the Republican candi.
dates for the nomination are: IR. 11.
Richardson, Murray's private secreta-1
ry; T. B. Johnson and E. M. Brayton.
The fight between Murray and Smnalls
for the First district nomination is in
teresting. iBoth claim that they have
the nomination and it looks as if no
matter what comes both are going to
be in the race. The row had its start i
about tihe organization or the district<
-committee. This committee met, it
seems, and elected Sperry chairman
pro tem, in place of RL. ii. Jenkins,who
wvas lt in the new Seventh by the
redistricting or the State. This com-n1
mittee called the nominating conven-1
tion. Smalls and his friends chal
Iengedl the legality of the call but went
ahead arnd went Into the convention. '
Murray claims that they made no big
kick till the conivetion met anid they
founda that t hey could ntot carry'i thei
convent ion. Murra.y says tha'. Smalls
then wit hdrew with one4 dhelega.te,
t rumiiped uip somre foilowers ini the
st reet arnd get tintg them ' ogether maide
hem nominate him anid declarid him-in
a li their reguilar nominee. Murray
clain a that Smalls is stopped from any
furt her contest by his wit Ijdrai wal
fromt then convention. Smnalls cilims
t~hat the. chanige of the diii rict dIestrfy
ed the Republbean organization in, thie
dJistrict, and that the convention which
tiominated Muarray was irregular.
Murray claims that the laws of the
St ate have nothing to do with the Con
gresial organizalione. Hie wives the
following letter in aupport of his posi
tioti, and gives some interesting in
Ilion. E.- M.' Brayton, of the National
C'ommaitte-e. Columbia. S. C.
My De&ar Sir: It seem's to me that
lion. G. W. Murray, member of Con
gress of the old'Seventh District, is the
regular nominee for Congress of the
new first district. I understand that
lie was nominated at the district con
vention May 2nd, by a vote of 29 to I;
that the convention was regularly call
ed, andi that on some technical grounds
Mr. Robert Smalls claims that the
nomination was irregular atnd an
niounces his candidacy.
I hope that you will use your good
offices to see to it that Mr. Murray is
sustained, and that no bolt, is made
against him among the Republicans.
The chances are in favor of the Rtepub
hicans having the next House, and the
First district of your State ought to
hel[ consummate that result, and it
willI do so if.Mr. Murray is sustained.
It seems to me that it would be a po
litical mistake, yes a political crime,
not to sustain Mr. Murray. If each
county in the new district had a com
mitteeman elected by the cnnvention in
the old Seventh district and every comn
mitteeman thus elected joined in the
call for the convention which was held
in Charleston May 2nd, the convention
was regular and its action binding
upon the Republicans of said district.
1. am with great respect your obedi
ent servant, J. HI. MANLY,
Chairman Executive Committee Re
pulcnNational CommIttee.
Th Stlian committeaftoer co-sd..
ig the matter yesterday, referred it
r adjustment, to a committee cot'.
sting of Chairman Carter of the Na.
Onal Republican party; Chairman
abtcock of the National Congressional
ammittee; State Chairman Webster,
id Messrs. Brayton and Deas.
Murray says: "I do not fear the can
dacy of Smalls inasmuch as I have
t the people of the district and am
tiafled that I will get seven out of
very eight votes, and besides I've got
e backing of the national committee.
his State committee controlled by
nalls and his friend Webster, has no
ithority, I hold, to take any hand in
te matter. I will appeal to the Na.
mnal Congressional committe." The
)ove account of the meeting is taken
om the State and Register.
unton and Kyle Expose the She mes of
the Triff Barone.
WASHINGTON May 1.-In the Sen
.e today Lodge, Republican, of Mason.
iusetts, Vffered a resolution reciting a
atement in the New York Sun that
ribes have been offered to certain Sena
ore to induce them to vote against the
5nding tariff bill, and a signed article in
ie Philadelphia Press stating that the
igar schedule has been made up, as
now stands, in consideration of a
rge sum of money paid for campaign
arposes of the Democratic party and
coviding for the appointment of a com
attee of flve Senators to investigate
tose charges.
The Vice President: What action
aos the Senator desirt?
Mr. Lodge: I ask for the present con
deration of the resolution.
Mr., Cockerell (Dem.) of Missour!:
tt it be printed and lie on tne table.
The resolution went over until tomor
)w under the rule.
Senator Hunton of Virginia, and Sena
>r Kyle of Soath Dakota, (the latter
irough his clerk) this morning admitted
ie truth. of the published statement
iat they had been approached and of
ired money for-their votes against the
iriff bill. Although both gentlemen
eclined to name the man who made the
ffer, the story was j>ublished in full in
, New York paper this morning, and
rich the exception of a matter ot detail
a substantially correct.
"Yes," said Hunton, the "story ii
sorrect, although I am sorry that it hai
>een made public. It was not a mattei
>f recent occurrence, however, for il
sappened more than a month ago, an(
[ immediately notified the managers o
Lhe bill on the floor of the Senate an(
it is in their hands for such action ai
they may see fit. I do not care anything
lor a Congressional investigation, but I
the mar.agers of the bill think it is thi
best thing to do, I will assist them all i
my power. The ofler was made to m
personally, through my son, the sum t
be paid being fixed at $25,000 by a ma
who attempted the bride. No, I cannc
Vve the name of the man who sough
-o get my vote."
Kyle is oat of the city, but Huntoi
aid he knew the same mon had ap
)roached him and this was corroboratei
)y MacFarlane, Kyle's clerk. . Huntor
vent so far as to say that the man wh<
iad attempted to conduct negotiaioni
or these votes was formerly connectoc
vith the carpet-bag government of South
'arolina an4d tnat. he had subsequentl3
one to North Dakota, where he residec
nr a number of years. Rosently he said
z had been about the Capitol in the
ole of a lobbyist.
The pertinent query in connection
Fith the call is who ts the man? The
>rincipals in the bribing episode decline
*bsolutely to say anything about the
nan's identity. A prominent Dem
catic Senator, however, told a reporter
hat he knew the man well and named
. W. Butts, ex member of Congres.
coin South Carolina during the period
if reconstruction.
JA UKsONVILLEA, Fia, May 16.-A
pecial dispae cn to the Times Unmon
rom Ocala, Flat., says: At 7 o'clocli
hils morning, Nero Young, the negrc
wvho ravished Mis9 Lizzie Weir, neai
his placd yea.rday, was taken from~
jail by a mob composed of several hun
)red citizens atnd lynched. The mot
tittered down the doors of the j-il with
tiedge hammers and the j-iller seeong
r.sitarace was usaless, surrendered the
key to the cell in which the negrO wai
ueonlined, L'he negro iis taken to the
Dotlukirts of the town and speedi3
iwuing to a tree. lieftore being baingen'
he conifessed the crime. TPhe shei!
had been 1)n watch at the jail all night
but left at ddwn of day, thinking thal
no a'temnpt would1 be made to storn
the jail in the broatd day light. Full:
oneo thunand persons have been ouit t<
view the borty of the negro on whose
breast. ir pinned a card bearing this le
gend: "Our women must be protected.'
(Signed) Citizens of Ocala.
Hoth i Ar, is [rilends.
CoLUMBIA, S. C., May 106-The
Chariotsee Observer prints a AI)prch
[romi Washington to the effect .that, Gv
srnor Tiliman is deceiving Coinptrollei
LGeneral Elierbe or is changtng from hie
slleged favoritism for Senator Johr
[sary E'vans to General Ellerbe. It1ii
slleg~ed that the G4ovetrnor has written
etter which indicates one thing or the
>ther. The attention of Governor Tll
nan was called to the special and he
was asked about it. His answer was ac
ollows. "The Charlotte Observer"
Washington special is not the first lie
,bat has appeared In that paper aboui
ne. I have written nobody in Washing.
on in a month and never wrote any such
etter as described any time. I. am tak
ng no part in the race for Governor
hvanis and Ellerbe are both my friende
ersonal as 'well as political. Eithei
~i make a good Executive, Both un
lerstand my position fully."-ltegister
About Dogs.
SAVANNAJI, May 14.-A specialifron
Biaxhey, Ga., to the Morning News says
t. terrible murder was comjnitted ii
this county a few miles north of (Gra
sam, Saturday about dark. John Di
ill shot and instantly killed Williare
MicEachin and then shot and wounde<
Andrews McEachin.The McEachins ai
nephews of Dyall. There had been a feu
betwe anthe parties for quite a while an
It was renewed by some of the partit
being accused of poisoning the dogs<
the others..All of the parties are whitt
The coroner's jury rendered a virdict<
mutrdae Dyall has ileA a
& Colored Orank Threaten" lhttsuction
of the Ptbllo lutildings If Oex- y'd Meas
ures Are Not Passed.
WAsyINoTON, May 14.-The day In
the House was devoted to the considera
tion of busines3 relating to the District
of Columbia of local interest only.
A disturbance was ,creatrd in the
House by the sudden interruption of
the even tenor of the proceedings by a'
burly pegro In the centre gallery aris
Ing in his place 4nd shouting: "Mr.
Speaker -of the House of Representa
Instantly the House was in confusion
and all eyes were turned upon the new
orator in the gallery. The Speaker, who
was the first to regain his composure,
directed the doorkeeper to remove the
off ndor.
The man was of powerful hysique,
and the doorkeeper was unable to
outs him for some time, the negro en
deavoring to deliver his alleged divine
ly inspired message to the effect that
the Lord had commanded him to come
to the Speaker of the House and order
him to pass the Coxey bills. He was
finally ejected.
The crink's name is Matthew' A.
Cherry. He is a blacksmith, residing
in this city. le insists that he is not
insane, but his mind is manifestly un
balanced. When questioned by the
Capitol police, he a iid that unless the
"Coxey good roads" bill was passed,
there would be a general destruction of
government property in Washington.
Congress would be given until the 24th
instant to pass the bill. If it did not.
become a law by that time, the.public
buildings would be destroyed by bombe.
le was arrested by the Capitol police
and taken to the guard room .in the
basement of the capitol. le was per.
fectly tractable and offered no violence.
le was retained in the guard room
about thirty minutes, -when he was
taken to the sixth precinct station. Be
fore entering the gallery, Cherry endea
vored to see Speaker Orisp. Ile called
at the corridor which inns in the rear
of the House chamber and was stopped
by the doorkeeper. Speaker Crisp's
room is situated at the East end of this
corridor, where three doorkeepers
are stationed. 'A colored messenger
also guards the door of the Speaker's
room. When the crank demanded to
see the Speaker, the doorkeeper asked
his business. The crank reolied that
he desired an audience with Speaker
Crisp, but refused to state for what rea
son. Upon the doorkeeper, again stern -
ly refusing to'comply with his request,
the crank faced about and went up I,
I the gallery.
0 "The town is full of cranks" said Col
D Snow, the Sergeant-at-Arms of the
a House, in speaking of Cherry's
& arrest. "You can't walk Pennsylvania
t avenue without meeting them at every
turn. . There is :n individuality about
cranks and a student of human nature
will recognize one at a glance. We
have taken every precaution to guard
the members of the House from the vio
lent actions of these people, for a crank
is violent when you least expect it. But
no precaution can prevent an evil dis
posed person from coming into the gal
lery with a destructive weapon in his
pocket. During the excitement about
the first of the Aiontib, we kept an offi.
cer in citizen's clothes in the gallery,
and every suspicious person was care
fully watched. It is our rdle not to
permit persons carrying valises or pack
ages of any description to enter the gal
lery. Where a man is regarded with
suspicion, the oilcers keep close to him
to prevent any overt act. There prob
ably never were sp many cranks in
Washington jas at present'and the White
llouse ann the Capitol are their storm,
centres. Do-I anticipate trouble with
them ? I do not, because no precaution
is neglected to protect everybody about
the Capitol.
The promptness with which Cherry
was ejected from the Ihouse gallery
shows the excelienit system In vogue at
the Capitol in reference to cranks.
Obherry had not spoken fifteen seconds
before dloorkeeper Bo'wen grabbed hi m
by the collar and dragged him into the
corridor outside.
4 Slick 8w edier
JACKsONVILLE, Fia., May 16 -L ast
Sal ui, tay, ,' y..unig m1111 appeare~d at the
p jostoalue in Fetrniin~ua antd onu'chas'.d
se~vetien p)ostal no0us, eatch for -10.
cen'~ a. I'o. oo were inum ')red fromi
13764 to 18780 inicluwlve. Theo young
man' probatoly spenit Sunday iti raising
the niottes fromi tena cents to $4 10,for on
Monday morning a well knouwn merch
ant of this cirty presented one of the
notes for payment at the Jacksonviule
postoflce. Tihe clerk called his atten
tion to the fact tha', the strip denoting
dollars on the side of the note had been
torn off, but as the merchant was
known and as postmasters sometimes
make mistakes in tearing off strips, the
note was paid, condition ally, that the.
merchant should refund the money if
the note was a f rand. Postmaster.
Clark wrote the Fer mandina.postmnast
er, who telegraphed immediately that
the notes had been drawn for 10 cents,
and that seventeen of them had been
Issued to one party. After the mer
Ichant presented his note, two others
came in for payment, one of them from
a lady and another from a well known
bank. The merchant who presented
the first note said that on Monday a
stranger appeared in his store - and
asked him to cash a postal note, saying
that he did not have time to go to thie
postoffice, as he was in a hurry to catch
a train. Said the stranger: "The note
is for $4.10, Just give me $4 and keep
the ten cents for your trouble." The
young man has disappeared and has
left no trace, save a number of aswind
led people._________
- ~ Terror to Iaoxeyneos.
.WASHING TON, May 14.-Jacob Cox
cy's commenwoalers wIll quite the Dis
trict of Columbia. The new camp will
be at the famous Spa spring, near the .
historic duellg ground at Bladensburg,
I just over the Marylandi line. This decl.
sion was reached by the general of the
-army when he found that his followers
could not become dependent upon the
local city government, but might be pun
ished by terms In the workhouse. The
d terrors of the workhouse are more than
e the commonwealers had calculated uponi.
if They were willing to be fed ia jail If
et it came to that, but woiking disconcert
>f ed the whole army, offi1ers as well as

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