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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, May 31, 1894, Image 1

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VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MAY 31, 1894. NO, 37.
GEN. BUTLERS ANSWER
TO THE QUESTIONS PROPOUNDED
BY THE FARMER'S ALLIANCE.
Opposes the sub-treasury and Govern
mental Ownership of Ralirade, Tole
graph and Telephone Lines-Will No
be Bound, by Cauue Rules.
COLUMBIA, 8. C., May 21.-Senan
(or Butler has written the following re.
ply to the questions propounded to him
by the Farmers Alliance:
WASHINGTONN D. C., May 12, 1894,
Mr. T. P. Kitchell, COiirman Executive
Committee, F. S. A , Woodwards, S.
C.
My dear sir: Some days ago, I re
ceived the following letter from you:
"Hon. M. C. Butler, Washington, D.
C.
"Dear Sir: As chairman of the exe,
.cutive committee of the State Farmer
Alliance it was made my duty by
resolution to propotind the follow.
ing questions to all candidates
an request a written 'answei
to same,. and as you. are a candi
date for the United States Senate, I sub
mit them to you and would be please<
to hear from you In regard to same a
your ejrliest convetience.
"Frist. Will you discuss the Alli
ance demands in the coming campaign
particularly thone relating to the finan
ces of the country, and defend the
aeainst the enemies of our ordei?
"Second. Will you pledge lovalty t(
the demands of the National Farmer
AlLance and Industrial Union, above
loyalty to party caucus, and vet
agsinst any and all candidates who de
ehne to commit themselves, to this ex
tent? "Youra resse tffullv.
("Sivned) THOS. Po. MITOHELL.
Chairman Execu ive C-im.. F 8. A'
In repl.% to a r quest from me, lot
qtransmiued the fiiolving as th plat
from ( r demands of the Farmers Alli
Bnce of Seuth Carolins:
Frst--We demand a vational cur
rency, safe. souod and flicxibe, isaue<
by the general government, onh, a ful
legal tender for all debts, public ant
private, and that without. the uAe o
banking corporations, a j.st, equiabl
and efficient means of distribution dirt c
to the people at a tax not to exceed
per cent. per annum, to be provided a
sot forth In the sUD-Treasury plan -
the Farmers AllIanuce, or a better sy%
tem; also by payments in discharge o
its obligatiot a for public improvemente
We demand the free and unlimite
coinage of silver and gold at presen
legal ratio of 16 to 1.
We cejand that the amount of cir
culating medium be speedily increasel
to not less than $50 per oapita, excluelv(
of legal *eserve.
We demand a graduated income tax.
We demand that our national legisla
tion' shall be so framed in the futuse a
not to build up one industry at the ex
pense of another.
We believe that the money of th
country should be kept as much as possi
ble in the bands of the neople, and henc
we demand all national and State reven
ues shall be limited to the necessary ex
penses of the government economicall
and honestly administered.
We demand that postal savings bank
be established by the government fo
the safe deposits of the earnings of th
people, and to facilitate exchange.
Second-The land, including all tl
natural sources of wealth, is the herit tg
of the pe ple and should not be monopc
buzed for eculative purposes,; and alle
Sowgnership of land should be prohibitei
All land now held by railroads an
other corporations, excess of tbeir actut
needs, and all lands now owned by alien
should be reclaimed by the governmeii
and held fo;r actual settlers only.
Third-Transporlation being a mean
of exchange and a public necessity, th,
government should own and operate tb
rdilroads in ll:c intcient ni t be reople.
The telegraphb and telephone, like th
postoffice sieteum, beIng a necessity fc
the transission of news, should'- b
owned and operated by the governmer
in the interest of the people.
Traking u p the questions 0i J our lette
P in their order, I beg to say in respone
to the first, I will diects any pubhi
onestion the people may desire to hay
discussed, and as the "finances of tb
country" are legitimate and proper eul
jects for discussion, I will discuss ther
with pleasure and wilhout reserve.
will refer more fully to the last point c
your inquiry, whether I will "defen
them ag'5lnst the enemies of our (vonl
order," when I come to discues the A
lance platform. .1 don't quite undel
stand, however, whether you rdean
ask me whether I will defend the "fin
ances of the country ag inst the enemie
of y our order, or the 'finances ot tli
country"~ as proposed by the Allanct
I assume you mean the latter.
Re plying to v' ur second question,
beg to say that in my political hie I hay
never allowed any caucus, or society, c
organization, to bind my conscienct
and shall not db so in the future, Cat
cuses, or societies, or organizations<
any kind, which seek to biu. the pohit
cal conecienice ol any free Americas cit
Zen, are in my ludlament, mnimical to the
fr ee domn f'con -cience and political actio
so essenitial to the presetvationi of th
reptubbican instituticus. I have attende
many coucuses ol the Democratic part'
to which I nuelong. I have nevel bear
the suggestion that, any hnat's consci
ence, or polit-ical scti should be boun
V by theji. I never w'll so far su renude
my individual judement, as to be bon
by any caucgs. I am loyal to the prir
ci pies of thea) emocratic party, and aa
. maintain that loyalty so l'ng as it at
heres to psinciples I think conductive I
the best in'erests of the people, not
day longer. I have been under the trr
pression that the Farmers Alliance we
Snot a politibal organizton, bu' an "In
dustrial UnIon" Itor the protection of th
-tarmers against impositions from othe
sources. I do not believe in secret po1t
cal orgianizations, we ha a sad expe~r
ence some years ago with Tem, What
ever concerns the political welfare c
our people hould be open to the fullesi
. freest, mioaf public discussion. In orde
to prevent imnpositions on the people, th
light mnust be, turned on from all point
o fsl viw reognize no - . w ar int
country, except the people. Caucus rule
should not be allowed to usurp the rule
of the people. I will, therefore, say I
will pledge my loyalty to the demands
of the Alliance, so far as
they meet the demands of my
judgment, and I cannot hold them
above loyalty to party caucus, because I
make no pledges to "party caucuses,"
and deny the right of "party caucuses,"
or any other caucuses to command pled
ges from me to surrender my conscience
and judgment to its dictation.
Coming now to the demands, permit
me to say, by way of preface, that there
seems to be a very grave misapprehen
sion in the minds of somd* people, as to
the power of a caucus over its members.
I have attended Democratic caucuses
since I have been in the Senate, but no
body ever dreamed of binding any mem
ber of the caucus to vote against his
judgment. For instance. Democrats
and Republicans differ widely among
themselves on financial questions. A
caucus is held for consultation and floan
cial topics are discussed, but in the Sen
ate and House each man votes as his
judgment dictates; some may favor the
free and unlimited colnange of silver at
one ratio or another; some may favor
the sub-treasury plan of the Alliance,
and after a consultation in caucus they
vote for or against either proposition,
when the occasion arises. Nobody is
bound by the caucus unless he thooses
voluntarily to be so bound. No oaths
are administered, no pledges exacted, as
a requisite et party fealtv. If there were,
I would never attend a caucus.
In regard to demand "first of the Al
lianceI will say that the sub-treasury
plan has been abandoned because it was
found to be impracticable and uncon
stitutional, and therefore it is unneces
sary to discuss it. In my judgement
a "better system" would be attained by
the repeal of the ten per cent. tax on
State banks of circulation, and I trust
that the Alliance will take that up and
make it one of its "demands " I cannot
of course, discuss this proposition at
lengtn in this connection, but take the
-loorty of handtrig you one of my
speeches delivered in the Senate at the
last ex, ra session, in which I have at
I tempted to elaborate the argument in
favor of the repeal, aid beg you to do
I me the favor to examine it. I think
t you will find that if this tax should be
repealed we would have "a sate, sound,
flexibtl curreniny" and enough of it.
I favor "t he free and unlimited coin.
age of silver and gold at the present
legal ratio of 16 to 1," and advocated it
in Cor gress before the Alliance was or
ganized, and am gatifled to know that
the Alliance has adopted my platform
on this subject.
Fifty dollars per capita is not too
much currency for a country like ours,
but the trouble with our present fin.
ancial system is not so much the per
capita amounf of currency as the un
equality of its distribution. Some
sections of the country have much
more than $50 per capita, while in our
- section, I doubt if we have $2 per capi
ta. If in gur State we could be guar
anteed $20 per capita, if so much was
necessary for the transaction of our
business, I would compromise on that;
we should then have about $20,000,000
of currency in circulation in South
Carolina, whereas I doubt if we now
have 82,000,000. If, by the repeal of
the 10 per cent. tax, the States should
I be permitted to authorize banks of cir
. culation, we should have just so much
3 currency as our local wants require,
r and no more-but we should have
5 enough.
I favor an income tax and shall have
B an opportunity of voting for It in the
B pending tariff bill. I concur in the de
. mand that the money of the country
Sshould be kept as much as possible in
the hands of the people, and that all
Snational and State revenues shall be
limited to the necessary expenses of
the government, economically adminis
Stered." This is good, sound docirine,
Sand I heartily riubcribe to it.
I can see no objection to "postal say
3 ing barks," although a measure of that
i kind would he largerly tentative in this
e country, and should be adopted with
caution and circumspection.
e The second general demand, as to the
r public lands, is sound and in accord
a ance with true Democratic principles.
( Setidgnrldemand, "that the
govenmet souldownandoperate
rthe railroads in the interest of the peo
r pie," and that "the telephone and tele
Sgraph should. be ow ned and operation
a in the intereat of the people' would,
& in my judgment, be impolitic and un
B wise.I have always understood that the
- Alliance was opposed to the further in
a' creaes of the bonded debt of' the gov
I ernment, and I1 agree with the Alliance
iin that proposition, The government
dj could not pay cash for the one hundred
) and ninety edd thousand miles of rail
.roads, and the vast mileage of telegraph
.and telephones. The rate of taxation
Sneceinsary to raise the cash would des
.troy the people, and the only alterna
tive to put the government in owniet
Sship of the railroads, telegraphs and
e tlephones would be to issue eight bil
lions of bonds to buy the railroads, and
no body knows how many millions to
I buy the telegraph and telephone system
e of the country. Is the Alliance prepar
r ed to tirgo the creation of such a nond
.ed debt upon the present andl future
-generations, and thereby prepetuate
,i the national bankinug system indefinit
elI ? If so, I cannot go with it. The
government Dow has control and super
visan of the railroads by and through
tile Interestate Comnmerece Commission
'e and the experiment has not realized
the ecan of its friends. The
o erip the railroads in dispot Ic
governmentisj justiffbd on the ground
[ that they are military necessities for
the rapid mobillz4'lon and transporta
d tion of armies, Iti has not redlounded
r to the Int*.rest of the people, for freight
(I rates are 50 per cent. higher in those
countries than in this, an~d they are
consequently a great burden Upon the
massea of the people. I believe., I have
now madle tull arid qpmplete awe-rs
to your inquiries, in jineral and in de
tail.
If anything has been omitted, I' will
* glaidly supplement what 1 have said, if
you w ill call it, to my at tention.
.Very truly your, M. C. BUTLER.
A Love Tragedy.
'IREEN BAY, Ala., May 24.--81188
- Gilfilan, a young rmerchant, blew his
I brains out on the step of the house of
,James Lewis yesterday. Hie was engag
r ed to marry Miss Lewis, who is ill, and
s was reported dead. The girl was not
m dead, but heqjd of the suicide and Is dy
s ngfrofm the a nct.
A. BATTLE AT THE MINES,
7ATAL FIGMT BETWEEN MINERS ANC
DEPUTY SHERIFFS.
Five Miners Ktiled and Many Woundet
and Three Deputies Wounded-Uonfillet
Ina Stories as to the First Shot.
UNIONTOWN, Pa., *May 24.-Thi
morning the Stickler Hollow mines oj
%he Washington Coal and Coke Com
pany, midway between Fayette Cit3
and Layton Station, was the scene o
%he bloodiest encounter sinces the strik
began. Both sides were in fighting
shape, seventy-flive armed deputies con
tending with a mob of from 1,500 t4
R,000 strikers, about 200 of whom wer
armed with all kinds of guns. Fiv
strikers are dead and eight or mor
wounded and three deputies wer
wounded. The trouble had been brew
ing all the week. The mines were the
only one in the fourth pool that weri
running and men were at work.
Since Monday morning the sti Ik;erj
have been collecting at Stickle Hollov
and the Monongahela and Youghlo
gheny river mines, and about 200 o:
them remained there all last night
Their threats of violence and the sighl
of so many guns in their possessior
alarmed the company and the officiall
wired Sheriff Wilhelm at Uniontown
last night for aid and later sent a mat
on horseback with a report of the seri
ous condition they were in. The sherif
could get no more aid to them at tha
time and believed that the seventy -flv,
armed guards under Capt. John A]
Richards would be able to hold posses
siaon of the property. The striKer
marched about the plant all night ano
occupied all the roads leading to th
woks. When the men began comini
to work at daylight today, striker
stopped them and drove them homf
One report siys they also made
charge upon the deputies with the in
tention of driving them off the work
and that precipitated the cot lict. Tb
'strikers were only about fifty yard
from the deputies when the latte
opened fire. The strikers returned th
fire promptly and stood their grount
each firing as rapidly as posssible,unt
the striker s' ammunition gave out, an
they were forced to retreat. As the
fled, the deputies followed them an
arrested a great many who had su
in their possession aid now are prisot
ers.Tbe deputies were forcedto fight f<
their lives and their shooting was maoi
effective. Five strikers fell oead at,
eight were wounded, but it is thougr
that many more were wounded au
got away with the fleeing m
unnoticed Three of the aeputies we
wounded. The plant is now thick
guarded by deputies, but more troub
islooked for at 6tickle lollow. Ti
strikers ran for home and in an hoi
not a striker was in sight. The m(
was composed of foreigners
It was hot a one-sided battle, as e
first reported, but was fought with i
many guns on one side as on the othi
and with as much firing by the strike
as by the deputies. Among the woun<
ed are three deputies, while the kille
are all strikers.
When the workmen came to the at ril
ers in the public road, they were aske
to go home. The workmen were abot
to comply with the command when th
deputies rushed into the midst of tt
men, got possession of the workme
and escorted them to the pit. In th
part of the performance, a deputy she
iff fired a shot, which opened up a ba
tle in which volley after volley wi
fired by each side at close range. Ti
strikers stood their ground while the
comrades were falling, but their an
munition gave out and they were force
to give up the field and flee to escal
the rain of bullets from the Win chest'
rifles.
It is said the strikers were advancli
on the line of deputies when the latti
fired the first shot. Many who hi
guns in their possession were arresti
by the deputies and will be brought1
jail here this afternoon. The lnte
news from the scene of the trouble sa'
that the strikers have all gone and thi
the situation now is more peaceable.
Penny Wise, Found Foolish.
COLUMBIA, May 23.-No positive i
formation regarding the status at Clen
son College has yet be en received her
Everyone is very much interested
the condition and sincere
the hope that the damage
not as great as has been ri
ported. Governor Tillman returni
from Rock Hell this morn ng, and sas
th at he has gotten very meagre ropon
about the disaster. lie thinks that tL
main building cost fully $85,000, a
though no positive figures as to0 ti
cost are to be had. Governor Tillma
says that no time will be lost in Li
work and that all recitations will I
carried right along. The class wor)
he said, wili go on without interruptic
even if tents are found necessarn
There is, however, plenty of room fi
all classes. speaking as an individui
member of the board of trustees I
said that the work of repairing tl
building-would be started at once. Ti
insuranco money would be sufilcier
with which to mnake the stari. TI
College had no available money as n
of its income had already been appoi
tioned and :ould not be used for b~uik
ing. Governor Tiliman relates that
a recent meeting of the board of truti
tees a determined effort was made
increase the insurance on the mat
building from $20,000 to $40,000, be
failed. Those who oppoosedi the ita
crease in the insuran~ce took tti
poition that there was a mlin
imum risk, as there was r
one in the building at nights; that
wee lighted by electricity, and thi
there were no chimneys or grates, t
the building was heated by ste ,m. II
says, however, that he is quite willin
to take his share of t he biame for tIi
small amount of insutraince on til
building, lie estimat es that I he Stal
exhibit in the biiuluing was wort
about $3,000. Thie board oi' t rust .
will meet on Friday andl condsier it
entire matter.-Nee acid Cournier.
LEnuk. ,iirbiht to Rop0 4i.
WVA8UINOTON, NMa 23 - The frien(
of the repeal of the scat, banktik
have been doing some active work dui
lng the past few days. A catnvai
madeof the house has convinced thern
they say, that they will be ablo to pai
the bill. It is understood that much
the opposit-ion on the part of the Den
ocrats has been silenced through t hee
orts of Mn Cleveland. The speaker at
the official leaders of the house are
usig their influence in favor of ti
CONSIDERABLE DAMAGE DONE.
The Weekly Bullettn of the Conditiom
of the Weather and Oropa.
The following is the weekly bulletit
of the weather and the crops issue
yesterday by Observer Bauer of th
State Weather Bureau:
The weather favorable for rapit
growth during the greater part of th
week, and the staple as well as th
minor crops were as a consequense o
theexcessive heat and copious shower
very much improved. On Sunday ther
came an unfavoble change which causea
the temperature to fall from 30 to 24
degrees in twenty-four hours, and or
Sunday (20th) morning minimum tem.
peratures of from 39 to 45 degrees oc
curred over the untire State. Many o:
3 the reports had been mailed previoe
3 to the 20th and so the full effect of th4
I cold wave can be put partially reflecte
in this bulletin, altogether later re
ports indicate the occurrence of ligb
frosts In favorably situated localitie
as far as Orangeburg county. Thed anm
age, if any, resulting, appears as yet t
have been but very slight and confine
largely to sweet potatoes, and in a les
r ser degree to cotton. In next week'
bulletin a batter estimate can be made
Averse local conditions injuring crops
were washing rains in portions c
s Spartangburg, Newberry and Greenvill
counties were creek bottoms overflow
I ed necessitating some replanting. Hal
- also did somedamage over small areaf
and in Barnwell county a sand storr
L damaged cotton. The temperature we
a much above the normal until Saturda
after which it was far below, the dep
arture on the 20th at Columbia bein
s 23 degrees. The sunshine did not ave
I age normal for the State but was not a
B deflcient as to be harmful. Rainin tL
E form of showers were numerous and f
8 some instances heavy and fairly we
. distributed, only a few localities bein
left dry. In places the ground was to
- wet to work and as a consequent
8 grass and weeds are showing. Cotto
H ranges from fair to very good stan
3 over the whole State. One field c
r about 800 acres reported "the best eve
e3 seen." ['he only report of a poor stan
I, comes from Williamsburg and Sumt
I counties were the around is too dr
d PI wing and chopping is progressir
nicely the latter being from one thti
d to two thirds fitshed Grass showir
8 in places. Some forms or squares ha'
1- tien seen. Corn is doing tairly we
ir but. bud worms continue to do mu<
it injury. Stand he-lthy in color but ve
d uneven -Rice doing well. Irish pot
It. toes being harvest.ed along the coa
d with from poor to fair yield. Doir
H1 tetter in interior. Sweet potat> plan
re Ing continues. Tobacco in very go
1Y condition. Sugar cane doing we
li Watermelon and kindred vines growl
1# rapioly. Wheat but glight.ly if at
ir improved, and rust on the blades is b
>b coming more general. Harvesting w
soon begin. Oits are ripening in t
It eastern portions of the State, and ht
T vesting is auout to begin with prospec
ir of about half a crop. Gardens doir
s well. Some reports indicate a shortaj
I- of feed for farm stock which general
d wintered poorly, although pasturai
will soon be excellent.
I- The following places report one inc
d or more of rainfall for the week: Sa:
it Georga' 2 20, Society Hill 1 45, Beaufo
e 1.55, Elloree 1 90, Reito 1 05. Charlestc
Z 1.60. Hunters 2 50. Easley 4.75, k ?), Cei
n tral 1 00, Greenville 2 44; Trial 1.68. Po
s Royal 2.12, Effingham 1.74, Conway 1.2
- Loopers 1.00, Saint Stephens 2 43, Spa
t- ranburg 1.26, Camden 103, Cheraw 1 1
s Florence 2.05, Hlardeevilie 1.34, Bate
0 burg 1.12, Greenwood 3.37, Santuc 1.2
ir Little Mountain 1.08.
d A Tvn for Sale,
S MANCHESTER, N. J., May 24-It
ir not oftLen that a whole vIllage, inclu
ing huge railroad shops, churchl
g schools, stores and residernces, is sold
r sheriff's sale, but that 'Is the conditia
d or nffirs that confronts the citizens
Ed Manchester. A mortgage given 1
o John Torrey, now aeceased, in Janiua
It 1867, to the Mutual Benelit Life Insa.
s ance company of Ne wark, is the pap
at upon which foreclosure proceedin
have been brought. Mn. Torrey was
influential New York financier, ai
carried on real estate speculations ori
n- scale the magnitude of which wou
1- surprise the operators of today. I
e. Dought up many thousands of acres
n pine lands In Manchester townsh'
n Ocean county, and laid out this to w
is lie carried through successfully t
~- project of building the old Raritan al
'd Delaware Bay railroad, whicn broke1
a after years of fighting the monopa
be that had been granted to the old (Jar
e den and Am boy route. In fact, he w
- the only man who succeeded in copli
0 with Commodore Stockton and ,Jol
n Robert L. and Edwin A. Stevens, w
0 so long dominated the New Jersey It
>e islature, aud caused the state to
, dubbed the "Camden and Ambi
f) state." In building his railroad fra
V. the Raritan to Bayside, on the Do;
>r ware bay, John Tlorrey negotiatrd
i f.moius loan of 90,000 pounds with t
10 Ban1k of England through Blrown iBr
10 & Co., eon his less than 10,000 acres
e0 pine Jand, the hke of which then
t now would hardly laring $5 an acre
ae the open market. The desciption
II the sale occupies two whole pages
one of the local newspapers in which
i s advertised, set in nonpareil type, a
it this great length of' description ona
- serves to entangle all the more the ii
o0 sophistIcated working folks, who fo
n their homes are to be sold.
it
.A Dim- Nova d Tragedy,
e INDIANAPoLIs, May 23.--Wil
- Ta'ylor aind Cioud Sanders played Der
o wood Dick in J. L. Kec' comm
t aion he use with serious results. Stat
Sera sraidl he was Deadwood Dick, a
a Taylor challenued a he roost and wink
" his e',e. SandIera reached into a d1rawE
and( got a revolver and warned TiAy]
o ot to wink his eve again. The lati
4'a, d. flaut and repeated the cfifeni
hi 'nd Sandera Mbho, him through the he
.3 Taylor will die. Sainders insists he c
le niot know it was loaded.
Esarb t Kikld.
Ila tou wreck soted at 10 'elock th
ix mnorn'inga on tie New Por'.News ar
r altfipiI V diay IL '.Iiroad air 8'aa
an ai Itocks I unnel. An extra freig
aI rain cras'itid inato a pile driver tra
is with a hoardintg ca4r an tached. The pa
:,f criver tra i wahackinag with boardia
1 car in front when the two trains met
f- the middle of the tunnel. Conduct
id Nick Hill ol the pile driver train ai
11 six or seven occupants .of the board11
to car were kailet. It will he several hot
before the victims can be takren out
GIVE AND GIVE QUICKLY.
THE BEAUFORT SUFFERERS NEED
AID NOW.
An Appeal Issued by Gov. Til!man-Whi to ta
Peoplo on the Verge of Statvation- in
White People Should Give Them Aid. ne
yei
COLUMBIA, S. C., May 25.-When gro
the letters concerning the destitution of uni
white people living on the sea islands par
were published, The Register Bent a sig
representative to that section of the State ]
to Investigate the situation there. Ile ioi
went and lound it far worse than had of
been pictured. This representative ex
retunred to the city yesterday. Ile fro
had a conversation with Governor Till- dui
man and staled to him what he had th<
I learned. On the strength of his conversa- erl
- tion with The Register's repreeentative, fro
t Governor Tillman yesterday issued the mi
E following appeal:
To the people of the State: wl
I desire to make an appeal on behalf on
of the white residents of Bluffton Town. of
ship, Beaufort County. It has been mi
only about two weeks since information wi
was received at this office claiming that pt<
f great destitution existed among the peo- wi
e ple of nur own color in that locality. I
- was somewhat Eceptical at first, eight 110
.1 months having elapsed since the storm es
1, which devastated the coast, but from M
I entirely trustworthy sources and the per- 8u
B sonal insp 'ction of an agent I find that ce
y there is absolute want and need of thi
prompt assistance, else there will be ex
treme sufl'ering and probable starvation. si
0 These people lost their entire crop by wi
0 the storm and were unabale to meet ea
a their obligations of last year. They tIl
i have exhausted all means of credit in of
g the eflort to suoport themselves and to x
a plant anew. They cannot cultivate wi
ie their crops with grass fed stock and al qu
n ready animals have died. I
I appeal to the charitable in their be- p
f half. Contributions in money sent to a
r me will be promptly forwarded for re
d lief. Contributions of meat, flour, corn
r or meal can be shipped to Thomas Mar
I tin, chairman of the relief committee, ,
d Bluffton, care of the steamer Alpha at
Beaufort or Savanah s'oam r Piot Boy ,
re at Charleston. B. R. TILLMAN,
11 Governor. A
,h This appeal will doubtless niecet with
ry a prompt response. c
Rt Courted Him. Own Witn.
Ig LONDON, May 24 -A marvellously
queer story oif the reunion of a long- f
d separated husband and wife without
11- themselves knowing their former relia.
1g tions comes from St. Petersburg and
a eclipses in its strange circumstances
the wildest invention of the novelist.
More than twelve years ago Michael
]a Yaltidze, then a school boy, tell in love
,r- with a pretty girl of his own age In
tS Hungary and they married after a i
g snort acquaintance. The parents of u
r8 Yaltidze, when they learned of the a,
y match, sent him to America tinder an at
re assumed name, Ile settled in Alaba
ma, where the iron discoveries of the
i past few years enabled him to make ai
it fortune. n
t Ie fell in love with an American a
n girl and wished to marry her. Ile i
commissioned a lawyer to obtain the 81
necessary documents and witnesses to i
ie Iasure a divorce from his boyhood wife ei
and started for Russia to see the mat- Y
8, ter through. lie stopped in London, cc
s Paris, and finally Wiesbaden, where he a
made the acquaintance of a charming fi
Russian lady, who soon supplanted the 1
American girl in his affections. Ile m
is prolonged his visit for weeks and some
scandal arose.
sHe declared his passion and asked
her to marry him as soon as he obtain- ci
ned a divorce from his American wife, t
which, lhe said, he was expecting by U
Smail, lie was incautious enough to
ygive the name and address of the 8i
r- American girl he called his wife. Ft- hI
er naily lhe hurried on to see how the case ui
gs against his real wife was progressing. h1
nThe lawyer informed him that the 12
id case was all right, and no perjury
a would be needed, as her misconduct i
id was notorious. Heb said the wife had
be been living some time under a stage i
gname at Wiesbaden, and had recent ly t
,been notoriously intimate with at
' wealthy American, giving his client V
ehis own American alias. The amazed
id Yaltidz,'e demanded .that lie stop his~
Ssiliy joking, but the lawyer declared he
ywas in earnest, and called in a dletec- v~
tive to corroborate him. The latter v
entered. j
"What did you say was the name of h
gthe gentleman who was intimate withI e
Madame Y. in Wiesbaden, and is cor- a
geipondlent in a divorce case?" '
e "lls name is X., but that's the gen- r
gleman himself there."
o "What (10 you mean,you scoundrel ?" a
a. shouted Yaltidze, andl then fixing his q
a eyes upon the witness: ''W~hy, you are I
10 the blackguard I threatened to thrash a
in Wiesbaden if I found you hanging o
Sabout my lodgings any more." t
1 "Yes, sir, I was engaged to watch e
in Madame Y'.'s movements in Wiesba a
og don; that's why I dogged her steps arnd h.
in youtrs. TVhe lady is willing enough to c
it get a divorce. She has a promie of o
id marriage, she says, from an American sa
lmillionaire." 1
n When Mine. Ymaltidz3 heard the story n
. she wrote a sweet letter to her hus- ir
band's alleged wife in the United bi
States, introducing herself as that hi
lady's successor, and asking to te fin- ti
By formed of the result of the divorce It
d. case. Then she instruicted her lawyer o
is, to sue her husband for alimnony on: a h
d- high scale and to assert that she knew si
1all alonig lher paramour was lord and hi
d iaster. Yalt.idzei has disappeared. k
eThe brother of the Amnericani girl is a'
er preparedl to ahoot him oni sight. T1
er~On,- umot h Oni Ia. r
f,~ VANCOUVER, 1H. C., Maiy 25.-T'ihe t
I. steamer liemr.fia, wich arrived ait Na- n1
from Kadiak, Alaska, the cap' am nd al( i
cre w oft J'e Sani Francisco sealer U"- h
daunte-d, which was caught arnd ground t<
a. to piecesi in thi- ice fi es off t he mous hi n
is oif mne Coseper ri ver. I'his ha.ppenmed a
v iton Matreb 7 last, andl from that time11 el
ri- un'iI April 4, when the-y were picked li
nt up b~y a coast er, the unfort iuna'e mn "
mn were confined to the drift ing floe, sub- si
lei jeet to all the hardshi pa whicri such a p
ig Isituation entamed, ani1 the restult was a
In Ithat when rescuired they had reached (o
ntr the ext remit y of su ffering, two of them it
id being show blind andi three othera de r
ogmented. Uhiey were taken to Kediak, (
rs and are now on their way home to Cal (
Ifornia.
GORMAN'S GREAT TALK. T
leIses the Wilton Bill and Says It Was
Al
an Impertect Measure.
VASHIINGTON, May 24.-Senator
rmin addressed the Senate on the
iff bill yesterday morning. He opened
% prophetic strain, saying: "We are
kring the end. After nearly twenty
irs cf political progress, of positive
wil, of constant developement, and.
versal enlightement the Democratic ra
ty and American people are within at
bt of the promised land. A
.imancipation in at hand. Emancipa
i from partizan oppression from greed F
,,asses; from extortion; from willful "
ragavance; from financial fantasy; m
n spoils; from restrictions upon indivi- i
ii liberty; from jingoism; from all g(
>se evils, in brief, which the Demo- sc
tic party inherit as a hateful legacy tc
in three decades of Republican malad. i
mstration."
Ele then touched upon the difficulties U
icli confronted the Democratic party
its return to power after thirty years I
opposition and the vehemence of de
mda made upon them. He said: "We b
ro not only urged, but ordered perem- 8
)rily to reform the tariff at once. Why of
dt. 0
fie assorted that time and plenty of it al
d always been considered absolutely a
3ential in reforming the tarift. The JR
ills bill did not pass the House till mid- al
miner. The McKinley bill did not re- P
ive the signatured of the President till -
5 last day of September. h
Speaking of the House bill he said: ei
[he House in obedience to tie obvious V
shes of the country passed a tailff bill
rly in the session. Comparatively lit
i ime was given to the consideration b
the various schedules and the result d
is necessarily an imperfect measure, o
ulch not only failed to meet the re
irement of the treasury, but actually o
reased the deficit created by the Re- f
iblican prohibitive duties. There was I
> expectation that the bill would be- f
me law without change.
Then he added with signiflhant em- 8
iasis: "Our frienda on the other side
,em very anxious to learn upon what
ieory this bill was crnstructed. I will
0i them. It was constructed upon
hmocratic theroy of tarift for revenue,
'iL such incidental protection as can be
Iven consistently to industries of the
tuintry. It follows strictly the course
larled out by President Cleveland in
in le-ier of acceptance. It is not a free
rade neasure, but is a larizer step tor
ree trade thani either the Mills bill or
he tarifl' o1883 It le not a protection
C. for the sake of protection, but it does
i-criminate between raw ruateriale and
aanufactured articles to the full extent
17 thie difference between European and
Lmerican wages.
Turning to the alleged influence of the
gaur trust and other like organizations
Sshaping the Senate bill he said: The
isertion that any trusts have dictated
iy part of any schedule of this bill I
:onounce uiqualilledly false. They
ive received some attention, although
)t as much consideration as individuals
igaged in the business of manufactur
g. N a more and no less, Upon the
iit ct of an income tax, Gorman said
3 was in full accord with the sentiments
ipressed by the Senators from New
ork and Now Jersey, and like them
misidered that in served its purpose as I
war tax and fins no ftt~inz place in our
ical system in time of peace. He could <
yt vote conecientiouly to make this
ethod of taxation a part of our uettled
>licy, but he could not ignore the fact
at a large miij )rity of' his Democratic
>lleagues honestly difl'or from him in
is matter and lhe was willing to put
0o subject t~o a lest of a few years.
During the delivery of Gorman's
>eech the drop of a pin could almost
ive been1 heoardl, so deep was the hush
poni the chamber and at its close Bryce,
Lrriedl forward to congratulate the
[aryland Senator.
Aldrich replied to Gorman and was
Illowedl by Teller, who as a test ques
on, moved to lay the tarifi bill on the
tale. The vote resultedl, years 28;
asa 38. 11ill, Ir by, Kyle and Peffer
Otedl agains thle motion.
A RL'guear TeaaMo
',A3uiINGTroN, Mlay 25 -TLhe ex-pri
ate secretary of Congressman Lock
roodl, who 801(1 a forged order for a
ib lot or the government "horse
)Ooks" which belonged to his employ
r's quiota, is locked up. Mr. Lockwood
rye ne0 will lot Lhe law take its course.
'he case serves to call attention to a
egular traflic and brokerage busIness
hlhch Is goIng on continually In seeds
nd documents furnIshed free In groat
iiantitles b~y the government to mem
ers of Congress. There was once a I
tanator who fed to lis horses the seed
ats which the department of agricul- '
ire furnished for distribution to farm
rs. Congressman Ihatch, of Missouri,
rys: '-A person whom I did not knowr
ut. evidently a rascal, came Into my
nmmi',tee room a short time ago and
ffe'redi to sell me a large quantity ofr
sed. I asked him where he obtained
;, and he said he had purchased it ofj
emb ers andl of members' clerks. I
stoned to him a while and then told
fin thant I was halt inclined to have
im arrested, but as I could not waste
me to prosecute im I concluded to t
>t the matter pass. I ordered him
ut of my room and told him if I ever 11
e'ardi again of his offering seed fori
tLe I would swear out a warrant. i'm I
aif sorry now I did not do it. I don't I
now just how far members are them- t
alves responsible for these brokers.
hey have no right to sell government (
ublications put to their credit as rep. I
'sentatives. If' they have no use for 1
wem they can always give them to1
embers who are shor', and c 'n ree-ive
there thlat are valuable to their con.
ituemni In return; but. I have no vei y
i. h opinion01 of a member who will try
>make money b sel'ing his govern
ient documents. I had between 300
11a 400 volumes of government pubui
I ina s'ole-ni on a forte~d order," said
epresenI alive Mc Millia, of Tennessee.
[ jever f ound out who did it, but,it is
ranire how many queer tricks are
raicti-cd by outsidere to secure seedi.
uad government putilications Some
ne', whom nobody afterwards cot,1d
tentify walked inito this document
iom, wilere t hey are kept to the credit
I Representatives, and presented an
rder that bore a very fatr imitation of
ay sigenaturaen for40 books,"
EALCHERS OF THE STATE.
.L ABOUT THEIR ANNUAL GATHER
ING THIS SUMMER.
1 Elaborate and Excelient Programme
Airansed for the 23rd Annual Meeting
at the State Teachers Association,
COLUMBIA, May 24.-Elaborate ar
ogements are being made for the 23d
mnual meeting of the State Teachers'
ssociation of South Carolina to be
lid at Converse College at Spartan
irg, July 1 to 5 next. Dr. J. Wm.
linn, of this city the president of the
sociation, and Professor J. Flew
ing Brown of bpartanburg, the chair
an of the executive committee, to.
ither with the other officers of the as
iclation are doing all In their power
> make the sessions the most Interest
ig ever held in the State.
The programme and other arrange.
Lents have just been prepared and an
3unced. The programme is as fol
I% S.
Sunday, July lst.-11 a. m.-Sermon
F Rev. W. M. Grier, D. D., Due West.
80 p. m.-Programme arranged by
tv pastors.
Monday, July 2d.-10 a. m.-Address
welcome by Mayor A. B. Calvert
ad President B. F. Wilson. Annual
idress by the president. 11 a. m.
,eport of special committee appointed
the last meeting; Superintendent T.
Bailey, Marion. biscussion-12 vi.
dvantages of securing a permanent
ome for the association; Superintend
at E. L. Hughes, Greenville. Dlscus
on. Afternoon-4 p. m.-Meeting of
ie primary department, Miss L. C.
[ubbard, Anderson, Dresident. Attrac
ve programme. 880 p. m.-Address
y Superintendent N. F. Walker, Ce
ar Springs. Subject: "The Education
f the Blihd and the Deaf."
Tuesday, July 3d.-10 a. m.-History
f education ia South Carolina; Pro
Pssor W. S. MorrisonClemson College,
)lscussion. 11 a. m.-Normal training
or preparatory teachers and how to
btain It; Superintendent D. B. John
on, Columbia. Discussion. 12 m.
)omparison of systems of prepartory
ichools in the Carolinas and Georgia;
Superintendent B.F. Bailey, Abbeville.
Discnssion. Afternoon.-4 p. m.-De
partment of superintendents F. L.
Hughes, President, Greenville 4.30
1.10.--Preliminary work 4.10.480
Pedagogical investigation; Superin
rendent T. P. Bailey, Jr., Marion 4.80.
1 40 - Discussion, 4.40-5.00 - Some
[irawbacks; Superint.ndent W. H.
Hand, Chester. 5.00 5.30-Echoes from
the national supurintendent's meeting;
Superintendit P. T. Brodie, Spartan
burg. 5.30-5 40-Discussion 540 0.00
-General discussim; departmental,
teaching in grammar schools. 8.80 p.
m.-Address by Piesident J. H. Car
lisle, Wofford College.
Wednesday,July 4th.-10 a. m.-Pub
lie school education in France; Rev.
James Woodrow, D. D.. South Carolina
Uollege. Discussion 11 a. m.-What
ire the objects in view in teaching Ge.
>graphy? Superintendent Frank .Ev.
ins, Newberry. Discussion. 12 m.
Aodel lesson in teaching geography;
Hiss Ella Cofleld Spartanburg.
College Department-Dr. J. If. Car
Lisle, President, Wofford College. 4 p.
n.-Paper by Professor Snyder, of
Woftord College. 5 p. m.-Paper by
Lrofessor H. T. Cook, of Furman Uni.
rersity. Discussion. 8.80 p. m.-Ad.
Iress by Geo. T. Winston, President
Jniveraity of North Carolina.
Thursday, July 5th.-10 a. m.--PhyIs
!ai culture; Miss Maud E. Masson,
Jonverse Colledge. Discussion. 11 a.
n.-The educational value of history
is a school study: Rev. H. 8. Hartzog,
B)amburg. Discussion. 11:80 a. mn.
Drawing in the schools; Professor
William Welch, Clemson College. Dis
mssion. 12 m.-Business. After
ioon-4 p. m.-Departmnent of School
D)ommissioners 4:00 4:45-Call to order,
)rganization, etc. 4:45 4:55-The necess
ity of teaching English proverly; F.
Horton Colcock. 4:55 5:10-Discussion.
5:10 5:20-Qualifications and duties of
i school commissioner, W. W. Bright.
5:20 5:35-Some suggestions in regard
~o our school system; Thomas W. Keitt,
5:40000-Discussion. 8:80 p. m.--A
aik on music; D~r. R. HI. Peters, Con-.
~erae College; followed by concert and
eading.
The following Information is given
y the committee:
Teachers who desire will be boarded
n Converse College; gentlemen at S1
iday; ladies, who come by Sunday
norning and bring sheets, pillow-caes
~owels, etc., and remain during the ses
ion, at, 75c. a day. No deduction will
e made for absence from meals.
TIhose expecting to board In Converse
jollege will please notify Mrs. L. IB.
L'hompson, Spartanburg, 8. C., a few
iays before the meeting.
Parties preferring to board In the
ity will have reduced rates. It is the
ope of the executive committee that
11 will reach there by Saturday night.
['he citizens of Spartanburg expect to
:ive the teachers a free excursion to
tashville on Friday. The lowest possible
ailroad rates will be secured for all at.
ernding the association, Parties wish
ng information about board, accoom
nod ations, rates, etc. will please write
o President B. F5. Wilson, or 3. F.
irown, Spartanburg, 5. 0.
Wiii Run Again.
WAsHIINOTON, May 23,--Representa,
lie Iziar has received numerous ind
uties recently from his political friend
a to his intentions in the approach
ng Congressional contest. There ap
ears to be some question as to whether
ie will make the race for re-election in'
he 1st or the 7th Congressional district
le, proposes to retain his residence in
)rangeburg, which Is in the newly ar
anged 7th district. To make the con.
est in -the 1st district he would have to
~emove to Charleston. Hie realizes that
e would labor under a disadvantage by
~hangmng his place of residence and
probably excite antagonisms that can
easily be avoided by remaining in Or
ilgeburg, Besides be desires to meas
ure swords again with his former an
Lagoni -t., Dr.8Stokes. There are a numn
bn of v luable Democrats in the City
of Charleston who are desirous of re
presenting that greatt commercial city
In Congress, and therefore he will re,
main in the 7th district. He will make
the race as a 8traightout Democrat, ad
vocating the principles as enunciated
in the Chicago platform of 1892. Judge
Iziar reached this conclusion after due
consultation with his political friends
and advisers and he is Confluent of
suncessn-News and Counea.

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