VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, JUNE 14, 1894. NO, 39.
THE CAMPAIGN DATES.
A8 ARRANGED BY THE DEMOCRAl IC
STATE COMMI TTEE.
Velleduto for the Poltical Fajlht II SOU111
varolina-nig i)scussion over Weavor
lies and Haskelliteo--All to be Allowed
COLUM1A, 8. C., June 8 -The meet
Ing of the State Democratic Executive
Committee last night was an interest
Ing and . important one. Besides the
- fixing of dates for campaign meetings,
tbe question of allowing the men who
voted for Weaver in 1892 to vote ir. the
coming c Impaign was a live one. It
excited the warmest talk of the eve
By instruction of the chairman, Sec
retary Tompkins read the roll of mem
bers. The majority of the regular mem
bere who were absent had telegraphed
and bad substitutes in their places.
The following was the roll as made up;
Abbeville-Y. J. Jones.
Aiken-John Gary Evans.
Anderson-W. A. Neal.
Barnwell-F. M. Mixon, (substitute.)
Beaufort-I1enry D. Elliott.
Berkeley-T. W. Stanland
Charleston-J. M. Kinloch.
Chester-A. E. Cunninghan.
Chester field--D. T. Redfearn.
Clarendon-8. A. Nettles.
Colleton-M. R. Cooper, (substitute.)
Darlington-T. E. Early.
Edgeleld-H1. H1. Townes.
Fairfield-J. M. Kirkland, (substi
.Florence-R. M. McKeown.
Greenville-J. W. Gray.
Hampton-T. J. Russell.
Horry-J. P. Derham.
Kershaw-T. J. Kirklind.
Lancester--Ira B. Jones.
Laurens-J. L. M. Irby.
Lexington-J. L. Shuler,(ubstitute.)
Marion-J. D. Montgomery.
Marlboro-W. D. Evans.
Newberry-Dr. Sampson Pope.
- Oconee-J. R. Earle, (substitute)
Orangeburg-J. H1. Claffey, substi
Pickens-T. C. Robertson.
Richland--C. A. Douglass.
Spartanburg-D. L. Bennett.
Union- -A. C. Lyles.
York-D. E. Finley.
The chairman announced that a
quorum was present and that the com
mittee was ready for business.
Chairman Irby thought that the first
business would be the fixing of dates
for the campaign meetings. On mo
lion it was resolved that tly ensuing
Democratic Litate campaign meetings
be held as fonlows:
Yorkville, Tuesday, June 19th.
Chester, Wednesday, June 20th.
Lancaster, Thursday, J une 21st.
Camden, Friday, June 22d.
Sumter, Saturday, June 23d.
Chesterileld Tuesday, June 26th.
Bennettaville, Wednesday, June 27th.
Darlington, Thursday, Juno 28th.
Florence, Friday, June 29th.
Marion, Tuesday, July 23rd.
Conway, Wednesday, July 4th.
Georgetown, Friday, July 6th.
Kingstree, Saturday, July 7th.
Manning, Tuesday, July 10th.
Bonneau's, (Berkeley) Wednesday,
Charleston, Thursday, J uly 12th.
Walterboro, Friday, .July 13th.
.Beaufort, Saturday, July 14th.
Hampton, Moglday, July 16th.
Barnwell. Tuesfday, July 17th.
Aiken, Wednesday, July 18th.
Edgenleld C. II, Thursday, July 19.b.
Lexington C. IH., Friday, July 20th.
Winnaboro, Tuesday, July 24th.
Columbia, Wednesday, July 25th.
Oranigeburg, Thursday, July 26thb.
*N(ewberry, Friday, .July 27th.
Laurens, Saturday, July 28th.
Union, Tuesday, July 31st.
Spartanburg, Wednesday,August 1st.
Greenvillee, Thursday, August 2d.
Piskens C. IL, Friday, August 3d.
I Oconee, Monday, August 6th.
Anderson, Tuesday, August 7th.
Abbeville, Wecdnesday, A ugust 8'Ah.
Mr. Kirkland,of Kersha w,mtArouuLcedl
the following resolution in regardl to
voting at primary elections:
"Resolved, That in the ensuing Dem
ocratic primaries the following pledge
shall be exacted by tho managers of
each yoter before lhe casts his vote:
"'1 solemnly gwear- that I am entitled
to vote in this primary election and
will abide the result of the same.' "
-Secretary Tompkins, by r quest, read
the oath enacted at the last primary.
It was practically the same as that pro
-posed by Mr. Kirkland, and the latter
withdrew his resolution.
Chairman lby remarked that there
was some misunderstanding as to the
qlualiflcations of a voter, lie then
spoke as follows:
"Gentlemen and the Comnmittee:
"There is one quiestion that is 'being
Sagitated in South Carolina anti has
been agitated for several months to
which 1 would call your attention. So
far as 1 am concerned, as chairman of
the Democratic party, 1 (do not propose
to dodge the questi on. In ith consider
ation 1 shall not undert ake to influ
ence or dictate to any member of the
committee, and I repeat it most em
phatically, that I will not dictate to
the committee, but to suggest to you,
gentlemen, that we march right up to
front and take our position upon this
question. So far as I am concerned, as
the member of this committee from
Liaurens and the chairman of the Exe
cutive Committee of the party of this
State, I shall not hesitate (even should
it be necessary by a tIe vote to give my
opinion by my vote) to express my own
convictions on this question.
* 1"Thme question I refer to is this, and
1 munwilling toevade it, for I see a
disposition to dodge it, though I do not
use the word dodge in its offensive
sense-whether men who participated
in-the primaries of 1892, in the nomina
tion of Statfi oficers and other candi
-dates, who voted in the .club and sent
delegates to thme State convention which
elected delegates to the national con
vention at Chicago to nominate a Preri
ident-whether these men who are
known as Third party ites, shahl be per
mitted to participate in the general
primary to be held in August next. As
your chairman I feel it to be my dulty
to say that we should take some posi
tive, decided, outspoken action on this
question. I say, I repeat, that we, as
A.-representatives of the Democratic party
of South Caroeina-and I am glad to
see that every county is represented
here-ought not to dodge that impor
tant question. If we believe that the kn,
men who participated in the primaries for
of '92 and who voted for Weaver should wo
not be permitted to vote at the ap- for
proaching primaries we ought to say so. I
If we believe that they are Democrats rio
within the meaning of the Constitu- an(
tion and rules of the Democratic party, Ife
then we ought to say so and permit wa
them to participate. What I wish to car
emphasize is that we should not evade I
or (odge this question. We ought to Mr
discuss it fully whether it be in public agi
or in private, but we should declare Pol
whether or not they can participate hin
under our rules. If we do not take yea
such, action we lay ourselves open to tur
the charge that we have dodged the dis:
question and that this committee was hi
unable to solve it one way or theother. reg
I thought, gentlemen, that it was my if
duty to say ttlis much to you on this W
sul'ject which is now open to you for grc
Chairman Irby's remarks brought on ha(
the hottest discussion of the evening bul
and made things lively for a good apj
while. Immediatgy after the Senator j
had concludd -Mr. Mellette, of Sumter, set
offered a verbal resolution that the men set
who voted for Weaver in 1892 be ex- anq
cluded from voting. Th
The Inotion had no sooner beem made an
than a half dozen memders were on to
their feet ready to offer some kind of the
,a resolution or to make a speech. Mr. pai
Dorham, of Ilorry, was recognizsd by I
the chair and offered the following res- tru
olution as a substitute to Mr. Mellette's to
"Resolved, That those white men sh<
who voted the Weaver ticket In 1892 4
shall be allowed to vote in the coming im
Dr. Sampsjn .Pope made a strong wb
speech in favor of the substitute. Ile tw
said'that this committee had allowed coi
the Haskelites to vote in 1892 and the up
men who voted for Weaver had a right
to be treated In the same manner. The of
DemocratW party needed white voters thi
and did not want to throw any of them dal
out of tile party. (Applause.) The men pla
who voted for Weaver were no worse thi
than who voted for Iaskell. (Ap- .
Mr. Kirkland, of Kershaw. offered as of
an amendment to the substitute the A
words: "Upon taking the oath pre- thu
scribed by the party." Ile said that he lec
had no speech to make but thought
that this provision was wise and pro- To
Mr. T. C. Robertson, of Pickens, tio
thought that the proposed amendment
was an insult to the men who had
voted for Weaver. There were good
and true white men in his county who thi
voted for Weaver. arl
Mr. Townes, of Edgefleld, asked the m(
question whpther the men who violat
ed thir oaths and pledges by voting for
Weaver in 1892 would keep their oaths PO
if allowed to vote this year. AE
Colonel Neal, of Anderson, did not acl
think aby more should be required of thi
the men who violated their pledges in lin
1892 than of the men who did the same mE
thing in 1890. thi
Col. F. M.- Mixsron, acting as the rep. bei
resentative from Barnwell, moved to fir
lay on the table the amendment of Mr. Th
National Committeeman Donaldson, ter
of Greenville. thought that the amend- 'itt
ment should be adopte:d so as to pre- sI
vent any misconstruction of the action ce
of the committee. thi
Just before Mr. Donaldson's remarks, Tl
however, the motion of Colonel Mixson as
to lay on the table the amendment of as
Mr. Kirkland was put and carried by a its
vote of 21 to 8, thereby calling out the act
remarks from Mr. Donaldson that he wi
thought some amendment should be Al
made to Mr. Derharn's substitute. Lo
Senator W. D. Evans said he thought CO
every party desired to increase its foi
membership and Its stregth. lie wished S
thait every man in America was a D~emo RF
crat. lHe for one would like to ask lati
every man to come into the party.A
Mr. Rbortson said that there had rne
been a good deal of talk about the viol a. toi
tion of pledges, etc. Thie men of his th
couhty who voted for Weaver (lid not Na
consider that they had violated any be
pledge, unless it was a moral one. The wV]
great majority of them had not taken ha
any pledge in the primary. .
Dr. P.op~e (declared tihat the oath wi
throughont the State had been ad minis- TL'
tered to few voters and that not many th
of those wh~lo votedi for Weaver hnan A'
taken any oath In the primary. no~
Mr. Mellette saidl that tile chairman neu
and the committee had miaunderstood sti
his motion, ie moant to exclude only laC
thuose who had taken the oath, particl- tel
atedt in the primary and then voted for Cl
Ilon . S. A. Nettma of Clarendon, to 1
stop the discusion and to please the i
diiterenlt minded committeemen, intro- 70
d uced the following resolution, which pl.
was accepted by Mr. Derham inI place w
of his own resolution; h
"Resolved, That no0 white man shall
be0 excluded from participating in the ri(
Democraticprimaries who shall take the
oath re~iuired by theo Damocratic
Speaking to this resolution C. A pr
D~ouglass, of Richuland, made tile long- an
est speech of the session, and 0one of the of
most eloquen~ft. lie sa1id he was glad ir<
that Mr. Nettles had Introduced tile TI'
resolution. It was along the line of W
liberality and kindness and would tend ge
to Increase the mfemnbership of tile party. In
IIe declared, however, that he could nlot lei
remini silent after all the unkind re- co
marks . which hlad been made about sh
Democrats. He said that the liaskellite on
movement may have been inexpedient, raj
and lhe hadl condemned It at lte time, cui
but say that.Judge Haskeli was not a pr
Democrat ~as to conltrovert is t ory. to
lie asserter that ilaskeli was a Demo. 7<
crat and ',had al ways been one, In tile on
heat of political discussion men might we
say he was not a Democrat, but ini time ti(
quiet of the home circle there came a or
change in thuat feeling and all must re- ty
cognize him as a Ifemocrat. In 1890. ti
Mr. Douglass said, there luad b)een no be
pledJge in the primary. The meon who yia
voted for Hlaskeli had taken no pleage ra
a.nd had violated no oath and it was co
their right to vote in 1892 without the as
sanction of the D~emocratic ekecutive km
committee. H~e said that ho would be Ti
untrue to himself and to lis convictions th
if he atood by and did not draw a dis- of
tinction between the men who voted or
for Weaver and those who votedi for ar
Ilaskell. lie asserted that there was a ea
vast difference, and all his words inti- th
mated thuat the Weaverites were the Ti
worst of the two, or
Mr. Douglass was interrupted by de
members of the committee who asked dl
him wnat about the Hlaskellites who di
had voted for Ensor for Congress and ifo
Ilaskell himself had not voted for Ena- 1'
sor. Mr. D)uglass said thuat he did not tfc
)w what Haskell had done, but as
himself, he hoped that his right arm
uld lose its cunning when he voted
a Republican over a Democrat.
dr. Douglass concluded with a pat
tic appeal for epeoo and laudatory
I pretty remarks about the farmers.
wanted to see the people happy and
ated to see Mr. Nettles's resolution
)r. Pope spoke of the panegyric of
. Douwless and of his insinuations
dust the Weaverites. Then Dr.
pe decfared that there wasa take be
d the action of the committee two
,rs ago in allowing lIaskellites to re
n to the party. It was to keep from
rupting the party and to bring about
'mony. White men Were at work
istering ['egroes. Ile declared that
any one would show him a
avelite who had tried to vote ne
es he would be in favor of turning
a out of the party. The liaskellites
I voted negroes against white men,
no Weaverite had done so. (Loud
after this the question was quickly
tied. Mr. Mellett's resolution was
down on by almost'a unanimous vote
I Mr. Nettles' substitute was carried.
e Weaverites and the Llaskellites and
I all kinds of "Ites" will be allowed
vote in the next primary provided
iy take the oath prescribed by the
)r. Pope said that he had been in
cted by the Democrats of his county
inquire whether clubs having a
mbership of less than twenty-1ive
>uld be disbanded.
Jhairman Irby said that it was his
pression that no county convention
)uld allow a delegate from a club
ich had a membership of less than
enty-ilve. It was the business of
inty conventions, however, to pass
on that question.
)n motion of Mr. Douglass the rules
1892 were adopted as the rules for
s year, a few changes being made in
;es, etc. The first primary will take
,co on the last Tuesday in August,
k resolution was introduced author
3g the treasurer to pay the mileage
the members of the committee.
qo election of officers was held, as
Lt is not done until the counties se
t new members of the committee.
)n motion of Colonel Neal, Secretary
mpkins furnished each county with
copies of the rules and Constitu
n of the party.
Charleston to Autusla.
l'he Times and Democrat has within
last few weeks published several
icles, giving at some length the ru
3r that the Atlantic Coast line and
uisville and Nashville systems pro
sed to build a new road between
ihley Junction and Augusta. It was
ually known that Mr. H1. Walter, of
3 former system, had ordered a pro
linary survey of such a line to be
Lde with all possible dispatch and
it the work had been begun and was
ng pushed rapidly forward. A con
nation of all that has been said in
e Times and Democrat on the sub
t comes from an unexpected quar
The Baltimore Sun or June the
publishes locally an account of the
ne enterprise and on the night pre
ling a press dispatch was sent out of
it city covering the same grouno.
e Baltimore paper treats the matter
an actual enterprise and not merely
a rumor of one. Where it obtained
information is not known, but the
sount which it gives will be read
th interest. 'The Sun says: "The
lantic Coast Line system and the
uisville and Nashville Railroad
mpany are jcintly making a survey
a new roa(I from Ashley Junction,
C., to a connection with the Georgia
.iroad at or near Augusta. 'he At
tic Coast Line now has a route from
bley Junction into Charleston, con
cting with the terminals in Charles
1 which were recently purchased in
3 interest of the Louisville and
ishville Rtad and which formerly
longed to the South Carolina Rail
iy. The Louisville and Nashville is
if owner of the lease of the Georgia
iilroad from Augusta to Atlanta,
th which the new road will connect.
e other half' of the lease is owned by
Central Railroad of Georgia. The
,lantic Coast Line will imake its con
e~ton with t.he projectedl road at or
aIr Jiarnwell Court Ihouse. The con.
uction of this road wvill give the
muisville and Nashville Rainooad a
minus on the Atlantic Oc'ean at
tarleston. The ,Jettles have already
mured twventy-two feet or water at
v tide, and-it ia said that this will be
~reased to twenty-fIve feet within a
ir, giving Charleston excellent ship.
>g facilities. 'rho new connection
11 also make the Atlantic Coast Line
3 shortest route from all points In the
,st to Augusta and to nearly all inte
r Gieongie points."
TzxaW (Cottohn (rop,.
[LousTroN, 'Tex., J une d.-Tomorrow
3i Post, whose crop~ report last season
3ved to be accurate as to the acreage
d yield will publish the first report
the crop of 1894. 'rho reports are
>m every cetton growing county in
xas and are full and complete.
ith scarcely an exception there is a
neral increase in acreage, aggregat
g, on a conservative estimate, at
.3t 10 per cent, some of the largest
Lton producing counties in the State
owing an increase of 25 per cent. In
e county where no cotton was
sod last year 10,000 acres are under
itivation this year. Fabulously hlh
ices for cotton seed last season-S14
$18 a ton-stimulated prices so that
:ent cotton meant 10 cents a p~ouind
old methods where the seedi was
Iatedl ihsides this the immigra
n has been1 very large, the new comn
cultivating cotton through necesel
andi adlding to the acreage. At no
me in the State's history lhas there
en promise of' suctn an 6normous
3ld. In the past few (lays seasonable
Ins have fallen over large area of
untry. All reports give conditions
being from lair to the bost ever
own, the latter being in the majority.
10 plant is healthy and vigorous and
e fields are clean aind in a good state
cultivation. No detstroying insects
worms have nmad' their appearance
*d the outiook is generally for an
rny crop. Froan present inications
e yield should exceed 8:3,250.000 bales
1e crop of '9391 is bet ween 1,900,000.
Il 2,000,000 bales and was grown unh
r the most unfavorable wveathier con
tions. 'Tis season's crop wvillibe
mliult to handle by January with an
en fall. Ten days ago bolls from
)rt Bend and Boscerla county plantai
SEVENTY-FIVE OF THEM REFUSE TO
RESPECT THEIR PLATFORM.
Tho State jaink Tax Bill Killed-The An
noux coment, ln the louse Received With
Cjnfoulon and Apiplause.
WASIITNUTON, June 0.-Immediate
ly atter the routine morning business of
the House yesterday Mr. Catchings re
ported from the committee on rules an
order respectoing the further considera
Lion of the bill to repeal the State bank
tax. It provided for discusslon through
out today's Pession under the live-min
ute iule, the vote on pending amend
ments and passage to b taken imm'di
ately after assembling of the House to
morrow. L' ave to pint remiarks on the
bill wai granted to all members, the
Priviiege to extend over a period of the
ten following days. After a short de.
bate botween Meonera. Reed and Catch
ings the resolution was agreed to-93 to
Mr. Springer presented the eubstitute
of the committee on banking and cur
rency for the original Brawley bill as
"That the operation of Sections 3,412
and 3,413, Revised Statutes, and Sec
tion 19, 20 and 21 of the Act to amend
existing customs and internal revenue
laws. and for other purposes, approved
February 8, 1875, and all other sections
of Raid Revised Statutes, and all Acts
and parts of Acts imposing a tax of 10
per cent. on the amount of certain notes
when used for circulation and paid out,
be and are hereby suspended as to any
such notes which were originally issued
between August 1, 1893, and October
15. 1893, and no such tax shall ne col.
lected on the amount of any such notes.
Provided, that nothing herein shall sus
pend the operation of such Acts as to
the tax on amount of any such notes
paid out and used for circulaton after
January 1, 1894."
Mr. Cox offered his amendment re
pealing all the laws and parts of laws
which impose a tax on State bank circula
Mr. Bowers, Republican, of California,
said the bill was intended as a premium
upon the violation of the law; it was a
notification to the banks having made
their pile that the penalty of the law
would not be enforced against them foi
subsequent violations, and a notice tc
the country that the New York banks,
like the New York newspapers, were to
run the Government.
Mr. Grow, Republican, ot Pennsyl.
vaula, said a nationil bank was just as
much a local bank as though it had been
chartered by a State.
Mr. Livingston, Democrat, of Georgia,
said the 10 per cent. tax law should be
repealed, because it was intended as a
measure of protection to the national
bank system, and that system no longer
Mr. Talbert, Democrat, of South Caro
lina, said that he would vote for the Braw.
ley bill and for the repeal of the 10 per
cent. tax for the reason that the latter
was in the Democratic platform. For
him, lie said, party platforms were made
not only to get in on, but to stand on af
ter he aot in. Gentlemen who came
into the House af ter having been elected
on a D)emocratic platform and repudi
itted the platfo'rm, 'sp)reading them
solves over the face of tile earth and not
knee-deep anywhere,'' need not be eur
prised if the people repudifiated them and
the Dsm',cratic party.
Mr. Qaigg. Republican, of New York,
spoke against the piroposition to repeal
the exisulng tax on State bank issues
Mr. Ihrter, Democrat, of Ohio, de
niredl an hour in which to present his
reasons why the State bank tax should
ba repealed, and~ Mr. Cox, Democrat, of
Tennessee, asked that it be given him
some gentleman on the other side to he
accorded the same privilege, Objection
was made, however, and Mr. Harter de
clined to proceed, saying he hadl no ambli
tion to rise simp31ly. to have his remarks
extended in the Record.
Mr. Kane, Democrat, of Illhnois, said
he was a hard money man, believing all
except gold and1 silver was make believe
moniey only. He desired to bear Witness
to the fact tihat the paper money, how
ever, U the United States was the besi
in the worldl. It was a fallacy to assert
that the money was issued by banks; it
was issued1 by the Government through
the banka. A man who happened to
have a State or county bond had no more
right to issue notes upon thlat security
than lie had to issue Lihem upon the
security of 400 acres of good farm land.
Mr. B roderick, Republican, of Kansas,
saidl tile bill was obnoxious, it was class
lenislation of the worst sort. If the tex
was a good thing when passed, it should
be enforced until the law had been re
The arrangement souight, to be made
earlier by Mr. Cox wvas thlen agreedl to.
The late hours, from 3 to 5 o'clock,
were divided between the two sides, Mr.
HI-rter, D~emo:,rat, of Ohio, to occupy
an hlour in ivor of the repaa of' the
State bink tax and Mr. Dinigly, Republi
can, of Mahue, to control an hlour in 01)
position to the report.
Mrt. Campbell, D~emocrat, of New
York, hadl read a letter from Conrad N.
,Jordtan, ex-United State treasurer and
president of the Western National Bank
of New York, favoring the repeal of the
Mr. Gear, Reuublican, of Iowa, gave
a leaf or two from his personal experi
ence with the issues of State banks in
ante-war time as reasons why in his
nlppinlion tile p~eopl e of that countr y would
not return willingly to that system of
Mr. Iharter said tihat the irouble with
the country was not that it suffered ane
insufieient volume of currency, but fromi
tile quality of the currency, its inflexibi
lity anid inability to perform promptiy
thle purposes of money at the places
where It was needed. A new system
was essential to tile rene wed and con
his belief was that if proper system of
State banks was established, by the eud
of the century the country would do its
business upon a volume of currency of
less per capita than the volume of cur
Speaklnu of the work accomplished by
the State banks in the past, Mr. Harter
said the Government never had such a
friend nor such an eftient ally as the
State banks of 1860. They were stron
ger than the Government, maintaining
gold payments long after the latter had
suspended. The national bauking sys
tem, he said, was based upon the State
banks, but unfor'unately for the country
since the best features of the State banks
had not been taken in establishing na -
tional banks. In conclusion Mr. Ilarter
pleaded with Republicans, upon patriotic
grounds, to vote for the repeal of the
tax law, asserting that with the accoi
plishmont of that purpose would disap
pear the grecuback crani and the frec
Mr. Bland, of Missouri: ''Not a bit
Mr. Harter: "I want to say that no
man on the floor of the House gives ul
so much In voting for this bill as does thc
gentleman from Missouri. A candidate
for the Presidency, [cheera and applause]
the moment lie votes for this bill hh
platform disappears from beneath hie
feet, never more to appear." [Laugh
ter an( applause.]
Mr. Newlands, Poiulist, of Nevada,
said the disease which was sought to be
remedied by the proposed legislation
was a world-wide disease, due to fallinu
prices, due to the appreciation of gold,
He criticised the bill because it was in
competent to do that which was ex
pected c f it.
Mr. Williams, Democrat, of Missis
sippl, and Mr. Wheeler, Democrat, of
Alabama, spoke briefly, and at 5.35
o'clock the House adjourned until to
day at noon.
After some further discussion today n
vote was taken on the Cox ameudmeni
to repeal the 10 per cent. tax outriuht,
The vote was announcen as yeas 102:
nays 170. The following is the vote u
detail on Cox's amendment to repea
the 10 per cent, bank tax law:
Yeas-Abbott, Alexander, Arnold
Bailey, Bankhead, Bell (Tex ), Blacl
(Ga.), Bland, Boatner, Bower, Branct
Breckenbridge (Ky.), Bunn, Cabanist
Campbell, Catchings. Clark (Mo.), Cob
(Ala.), Cockrell, Cooper (Fla.), Coope
(Ind.), Cooper (Tox.), Cox, Cratn, Cram
ford Culberson, Cummings, Davel
Dearmond, Denson. Dinsmore, E
munds, ElliH (Ky.), English. Claif, E r
loe, Esper, Fithian, F van, Geary, Go1
man, Grady, Hall (Mo ), I1arter, Ilear(
Henderson (N. C), lutcheson, Izla:
Jones, Kyle, Latimer, Lawson, Lestei
Livingston, Maddox, Mcguire, Mallori
Marshall, McCulloch, alcDearmon, M
Laurin, McMillin, McRae. Meredit!
Money, Montgomery, Morgan, Mose.
Nell]. Oates, OgdenO'Neill, (Mo.), Pas
chalPattison,Payntler. Pendieton, (Vex,
Robbins, Russell (Ga.), Sayers, Shel
Snodgrass, Stallings, Stockdale, Ston
(Ky.), Strait, Swanson, Talbert, Tate
Terry, Tracev, , Tucker, Turnej
(Ga.), Turner (Va.), Turpin, Washing
ton, Wheeler (Ala.), Williams (Miss.)
Wilson (W. Va), Wise, Woodsrd and
the Speaker-102-all Democruts.
Nays-Republicans: Adams (l'a.) Al
drich, Apeley. Babcock, Baker (N. 11.),
Bartholdt, Belden, Iingham, Blair
Bowers, Broderick, Brosius, Cannor'
(111.), Chickering, Cooper (W..), Cousins
Curtis (Kan.), Dalzell, Daniols, Ding
ley, 1olliver, Doolittle, Draper, Ehlit
(Ore.), Funston, Gillet (N. T), Grout
Grow, [lager, latner, flarmter, Hart.
man, Iaughen. Iepburn, Ilermann
Ilicks, Ilitt., Hooker (N. Y.), llopkinfu
(it) Ilouk, Ilulick, I lull, ,lohnsor
(mnd.), Johnson (N. D).), ietfer', Liacey
int-n, Loudenstager, Lucas, Mahion
Marsh, Marvin, AlcCall, McCle'ary
Mei klejohin, Mercer, Murray, N or.h,
way, Payne, Perkins, P.nhips, Pickier
Post, Powers, Quigg. Itay, Reed, itsy
burni, Robinson, Settle, Shaw, Smnith
Stephenson, Stone (C. WV. of Pa.), Stomi
(WV. A. of Pa.), Sweet, TIawney, TIi o0
(i'enn.), Thomas, Updegraff, -Vanvoor
his (Ohio)' Walker, Wanger, Waugh
Wheeler (Ill.), Wilson (Ohio,) Wiluol
(Wash.), WVoomner. Wright, (Mass.),-80
Dem~iocrats-Baldwin, IHarwig, iruetz
Brickner, Brookshire, Brown, Bryan
lynium, Cadmaus, Capeheart, Causny
Cannon (Ca! ) Chancy, Cobb, (No.
Cock rai, Coffeen, Conn, Coombsa, Cor
nish, Covert, Dunn, D~unphy, Durhor
row, h'rdmnan, Everet t, Fielder, Formnai
Greissenhainer, Gold zler, Grillin, IIatne
Ihah (Minn.), Ilare, Ilaiyes, Ilendlrix
ibolman, Ilunter, 1rkirt, Lane. Lap
hamo, Layton, Ly nch, Magn er, Mart1in
Mchannohl, McEr~trick, MlcGanh, Me
Nabny, O'Neil (Muss ), Pearson. Peni
dieton (WV. Va.), Pigott, Rayner, lleilly
Richards, Ricnardson, (Mich ), Richte
Rtusk, Ryan, Sibley, Sickles, Si pe, Sorg
Sperry, Springer, Stevens, Talbert
Tarsney, Taylor (1 nd ), prarner, WV ea
dock, Williams (Ill.), and W olvertoin
Populists-Ba4ker (Kan.). Bell ((Colo.
D)avis, Iharris, Ihudson, Keom, Mc Nei
The substitute of the Committee or
Banking aund Currencv for the or'igiina
PBrawley bill, suspendmig the operaltiol
of the 10 per cent. zmu to the isnue
of the certificates, etc., by clearinu;
houses and~ othber organ izations last yon
merely changing the verbiage so as t<
make It more cxplhcit, was defeated or
a viva voce vote. Then the orit.ia
bill was lost. This was the end of tel
dlays debate and a result, that, occasione<
some surprise, and the announcemnen
was receivedi amid much confusion am~
The dlefeat of the bill woul scorn t,<
lay the banks once more oneni to th<
assesstrent of the penalties provided i
the law. Cox4 amrendment to this hil
which was dlefeated b~y so dlecisive
vote, provided for the total repeal of thi
law, instead of a mere suspension of ii
The Vie ble supply.
Naw YOng, .July 2. -The tot~al visi
ble supply of cotton for the world i
3.326,611 bales, .of which 2.735.4Il
bales are American, against 3.410,80
bales and 2 774,603 halos respectivel
1last year; receipts of cotton this week a
all interior towns 12,089 nabes; receipt
fromr the pinntations i,076 bales; cro
in sight 7,178,612 hales.
1 Killedi by a Oart.
IATL A'r A, GA., ,June 4.-Garnet Au
Inoid, a lve year-old child, was run ove
and killed by an electric car on th1
lt',nsolidated Line today.
For Trying to Overthrow the Registration
COLUMurA, S. ., June 7.-The fol
lowing letter waE, published this morn- A
As I am the one mainly responsible
for the institution of the proceedings
in the Supreme Court to have the con
stitutionality of the registration law
of the State teeted, it may not be amiss
to state the reasons which have gov
erned my action. h
This law enforced according to its d
provisions is more harsh, restrictive
and obnoxious to fundamental pririci- S
pies than is generally known. It dis- si
franchises every voter who passes one 1
registration period without getting his Ir
certilicate, regardless of the causes. if L
absent, sick, crowded out or indifferent N
he is subjected to the same penalty. It %
disfranchises every voter not previous- ti
ly registered, who moves into a county cl
after the (lIrst Monday in July preceed- 1
ing a general election. Thus, though N
he may actually have been a resident
in the county four months before the b
election and the constitution declares C
that but sixty days residence in the h
county preceding an election is re- u
quired, his right to vote abrogated and f(
he is remediless.
The law bases the right of electors to 'll
vote, not upon the registration, but cl
equally upon the presentation at the a
polls of the certificates of registration. d
It is anomalous and un-American to
say that the inalienable and sovereign a
right of suffrage must be contined to a P
flimsy piece of paper liable to be lost., c
destroyed, mislaid or stolen. The put
ting of the closing day of registration 0
on the first Monday of July is contrary b
to the spirit and understood meaning
of registration and is subversive of the 0
franchise, making registration close d
before it should, and in other States c
does, begin, and before the excitement 8
of the campaign anti the nearness of n
the election have directed the atten- I
tion and aroused the interest of ae a
voters, cannot have for its object the r
purpose inherent in registration as de.
clared eusential by the courts and au
thorities, or abridging suffrage, but its f
effect is clearly to deprive voters of (
the possession and exercise of their 1
The making secret the registration
records is only destructive of the fun
' damental rights of voters and subver
r sive of the principles inherent in regis
. tration. A registration to be constitu
tional must be easy, free, impartial and
public, and its purpose should be to
provide for the regulation of suffrage
and to prevent repeating. Some States
and courts consiaer even this kind of
r regulation an illegal restraint and in
fringement of the right of suffrage.
3Besides the registration books having
been in use twelve years are dilapida
ted, confused and unreliable.
To these constitutional provisions of
the law there are added the irritating,
expensive and unnecessary exactions
of forcing voters to go to the Supervi
sor's oflice and tbe getting of new cer
tiflcates in case of their loss or Ibe
moving from the county precinct or
change of residence. Under the oper
ation of this law it is estimated there
are one hundred thousand negroes and
thirty thousand whites either disfran- t
chised or disqualifled from voting. In 8
addition to the constitutional defects
in tho laws ire to be considered the 6
capabilities it alfords for evasions and 1
nartisan manipulation. Heretofore the i
Republicans have had to encounter and f
endure these. Those who have not a
studied the law or practiced its iniqui. f
ties can not comprehend the advanta. tl
ges a fforded to those in control of the t
imachinery or the helplessness of those 0
victims to its unfair -xecution. The t
dlivision among the D)emocrats pre
9enits a new situ-.tionl. It foreshladows Is
the time when one faction will b~e t reat- at
eri as the Itepublicar's have been. TIhis
white men will not submit to and 0
when the crisis comes there will be tl
bloodshed and anarchy. is It not bet- 0
ter to forestall and avert this calamity ti
by uprooting a law which has out lived r
-the purposes of its creation ? It Is not b
necessary, for el ections' were carri-,d be
m. ,een 187e and 1882 wIthout it and 1
aind niow there is thn eight box law to c
supplemnent old agencies. It is hazird ~
ousn to depend upon the law being used I
for the; bene lit of tile Democrats, be- Il
cause wuhien they divide at the polls it t
will affrordi a weapon for the dominant
. s(de to stcourlge their hostile brethlren. 9i
, Hesides it ii dlemoralizing to be do. t
p)'J~endet uIpon these sworn biupervisors
'lbeing siubjectedl to tile neced of commit- C
'ting perjuiry to favor their partisans a
and make those citizens thus accom- C
moda~ted anld illegally favored parti- 0
Suich a law, besides being a badge of
shame to a state, is a serious imipedi
mentd to its9 growth and prosperity. To,
a self-respecting andl independent man
there would be well grounded objec.
tions to mnoving~ into a State dominated
by such a law andi whlere constitionlal
right;siare so easily lost or abrogated.
The court can safely set aiside the
law, for, if time eight-box election law
is inot considered suflicient, thlere Is
thimet for the Legislature to be conven
edl and oth~er laws passed, while If this
law standls and a new Constitution
is adopted upon the vote at the next
election, wherein iiot over one-quarter
of the citizens or tile State can vote,thle
quJiestion wvill some day be raised, and
thne new Constitution will Itself be held
1Illegal anid void.
Columbia, June 0, 1891.
Ro~umt, June 6.-he debate In the
Chamber of D)eputies tis afternoon
was remarkable for its bitterness. L~uI
gi D)iigentl, Radical, (delivered a long
tirade against Felice Cavalotti, ex
treme Radical. At the close of his
speech he turned toward Cavalotti and
shaking his list at him exclaimed, "You(
dishonored yourself by a dishonest al 1
liance with Gioletti." Cavalotti sprang
to his feet white with rage and called I
back, "You coward and liar, you shall
- suiffer for those words." Cavalotti's
friends tried to restrain him, but he
broke away from them, caughitlDiigen
I ti b~y the waistcoat and struck him
/' three heavy open handed blows In the
t face. A dozen deputies threw them
3|selves between the two men. A huon
7 dlred1 more gathered round, shouting
for order or reviling one another. The
uproar drowried the voice of tihe deputy
who ascended the tribunal. Tile 're's
- Ident's efforts to calm the meenhors
r were unheeded so after ten minutes
e of uninterrupted din the sitting was
PILL NOT PUT OUT A STATE TICK. T
11 Caftdizdates to be asked How They
S'a(d Upon the Prohibition Quesilon-.
Much Politics ivJ*ot4d Into the Dis
COLUMBIA. June 8.-The State Pro.
Ibition Convention was called to or
r yesterday afternoon at 6 o'clock by
,ate Chairman Childs, who made a
)eech to the members. Col. J. A.
:oyt, of Greenville, was elected Obsir
an and Rev. W. J. Herbert and T. J.
amotte were elected 9ecretaries,
early all the counties in the State
ere represented. After the transac
on of considerable routine business the
)mmittee on platform reported the
blowing platform of principles, which
as unanimously adopted:
We, the representatives of the probi
ition sentiment of South Carolina, in
)nvention assembled, thanking God for
is mercies and praying his blessing
pon our efforts in his cause, issue the
llowing declaration of principles:
1. We believe the use of alcoholic
quors to result in an enormous in
ease of the death rate of our country,
iding aboat 100,000 annually to the
2 We believe alcoholic liquors used
i a beverage to be one of the most
otent agencies in the ruin of moral
8. We believe at least three-fourths
E the crime committed in our land to
e traceable to alcoholic liquors,
4. We believe the liquor traflic to be
ne great cause of the fearful financial
eprtssion now generally felt in our
ountry, since it annually drains about
900,000,000 from the pookets of the
iasses and instead of giving- value in
eturn paralyzed productive energy of
n equal amount, (5900,000,000) thus
Daking an annnal luss of nearly $2,000,
00,000 to the legitimate trade.
5. We believe traffie in that which is
gainst the peace, good health, safety,
sommercial prosperity, and moral char
Lcter of a community, State or nation
to be In violation of the real rights of
men and therefore inherently wrong.
6. We believe all forms of license of
the sale of liquor as a beverage to be
morally wrong, and in violation of the
highest put pose for which government
7. We believe the State should pro.
bibit absolutely the sale of liquor as a
beverage and should provide for its
sale only for medicinal, mechanical
and sacramental purposes, with such
regulations and provisions for enforce.
ment and penalties for violation, as
may be expected to prove efficient.
8. We believe that to make any pro.
ibitory law effective, the executive
md other officers of the law should be
In full sympathy therewith.
Joel E. Brunson, Chairman.
.J. R. Gibson,
Chas. 1'. Wroy,
It E Mason,
II,. L. McGowan,
A motion was made to put out a state
icket, which provoked a long discus.
ion, but it was finally voted down.
A resolution was adopted that the
tate porhibition executive committee
e authorized and instructed to formu
te questions to be put to candidates
or State offices and for the Legislature
nd Senate in accordance with the plat
arm adopted by this convention, as to
leir position upon the same, in order
nat the friends of prohibilion through
ut the State may vote intelligently in
'The following resolutions were also
ivorably reported by the committee
Whereas. We believe that the cause
f prohibition will be best advanced at
nils time by the election of members
f the Legislature, who are pledged to
'ie echactment of a prohibitory law,
mther than by the nomination of a
Resolved, That It be the policy of the
'rohibitionists of South Carolina in the
oming campaign to use every effort to
ecure the election of members of the
egisiature who will make prohibition
'aramount to every other Issue before
Resolved, That each candidate be re
uired to pledge himself for prohibi
Ion before lie receives our vote.
The election of the State prohibition
xecutive committee was entered into
nd one member chosen from each
ounty present as follows, the vacan
les to be illed by the local organiza
ions in the counties not represented:
Abbeville-B. L Stuckey.
Aiken-Rtev. J. C. Brown.
BHarnwell-D. L. Wooten.
(larendon-Joseph Sprott, Jr.
Charleston-O. S. Thomas.
Darlington-G. T. Grisham.
Fairfield-R. H. Jenning.
Greenville-J. A. Hoyt.
H ampton- --
Lancaster-W. C. Thomsonl.
Laurens-J. W. Shell.
Lexngton-J. J. Fox.
Marlon-W. J. Montgomery,
Marlboro-J. P. Gibson.
Newberry-A. H. Kohn.
Oconee-R. IE. Mason.
Orangeburg-Rev. RU. P. Golphin.
Richland-L. D. Childs.
Pickens.- . . .
Sumter-E. B. 8mith.
Spartanburg-J. L. Sifley.
The committee held a meeting and
irganized. electing Mr. Childs, chair
The convention ad journed since die
it 2 o'clock this morning
A Talk with Tiliman.
W ASHINcTON, June 6,-A. s pecial to
he Post from Winston, N. C., says:
N4overnor Tilhman, of South OCarolina,
was interviewed here this evening on bis'
return home irom New York. Hie said
that dis pensaries and high license will be
the issue In tne iall campaign in South
Carolina, The question will be settled
by Democratic primaries In August, "I
will not be a candidate for Governorbut
will be in the race for Sentor Butler's
seat," said the Governor, "and I expect
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