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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, June 21, 1894, Image 1

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VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY eJUNE 21, 1894. NO. 40.
DESERT THE DEMOCRACY.
THAT IS THE ALVICE OF A DISGUSTED
DEMOCRAT.
Hopeless of Bolele Through the National
Democracy. le Advocates Uninn Wi1h
Popullats-Pectl'ar Views Strongly Sta
ted.
COLUMBIA, S.C., June 13.-The let
ler below was published In the State of
iast Monday. The State editorially
says it is a remarkable letter, still the
more remarkable because it proceeds
from a lawyer and a Straightout De
mocrat, who is known to us as an hon
est and earnest and conscientious man.
Here Is the letter:
To the Editor of the State: The de
cision of Congress against free bqnks
is a fateful turning point in the affairs
of political parties in the United States
and most particular in this State. The
developments of the past twelve
months have wrought a great change
in the views and feelings of many, if
not most, of our conservative South
Carolina Democrats. We no longer
regard the designation "Gleveland De
mocrat" as a proud badge. The bugle
call to the defense of "National De
mocracy," once awaited with eagerness,
no longer could wake in our hearts a
ready response. We are as unanimous
in our disgust with the so-called Demo
cratic administration as we were in
our loyal enthusiasm for it a year ago.
We have beheld the party's principles
ignored, its pledges violated, corrup
tion (or at least sectional and class self
ishness) rampant in some departments
of government now presided over by
this time-honored and hitherto much
trusted and well beloved party. At
last we had only the State bankr tax
repeal to place our trust in, and we
were looking with alternating hope
and fear as the day approached for the
execution of this promise, which was,
after all, merely to restore what had
been unlawfully taken from us but to
return it at a time when it would be
such a reliet that our hearts swelled
with thanks for it as a beneficent gift.
Alas, bitter disappointment! Nero
Ilddling while Rome was burning is a
weak counterpart of the present spec
tacle.
As men, we must do more than re
pine. Perfidy must be rebuked, be
trayal punished, the faithless in office
taught a terrible lesson. Else what
hope for the future? What guarantee
that political servants will not again
refuse to do the work which their mas
ters have appointed and paid them to
do ? What mean 3 of securing the leg
islation which the people decide upon ?
What ground for voting for a parLy
because of approval of its platform?
What hope of preserving enthusiastic
confidence in party or in leadership
(so essential to a high morale in the
ranks of an army) if the rallying cry
is still to be that which by a id experi
ea-e has become inseparably associat
ed with craven impotence or unblush
ing treachery ? Hope, trust, redhot
fusion of hearts into one great purpose
to do battle against the common ene
my are impossible to an army demor
alized by such leadership, unless it be
completely reorganized and given new
officers in whom conlidence may be
placed (if not by knowledge of its be
ing deserved, then by the absence of
knowledge of its being uneeserved.)
But the people's condemnation of
faithless leaders, in order to serve as a
wholesome warning for the future,
I cannot safely discriminate between
leaders and party, exponents and the
thing itself. A party must be judged
by its performance, and, failing to car
ry out its pledges, for whatever reason
should be repudiated in disgrace. The
corruption or incompetency of its ser
vants is its- corruption or incomipeten
cy. It matters not that we are pained
to give up our historic party and that
the principles professed in the plat
form are still our principles. The ready~
Sfree lance of the indepehdent; in
politics is the best stimulus tc
healthful vigilance in pursuit of the
right path. Any attempt~ to e'lIrg withi
affection to a discredited party and to
reform it from within, to degrade its
recognized leaders andI substitute newi
ones is up-hill, unwise and wellnigh
utopian. Revolt in the ranks and a
stunning blow alone teach the needed
lessons.
Opportunities are not to be ignored
with expectation of their return. A
party which after thirty years of
striving and waiting is given a brill
lant opportunity must use it or nevei
have the impudence to ask for it again,
The Democratic psi ty has damned it.
s self. No one can satisfactorily explair
'the preser~t public course by laying all
blame on leaders. It is evident that
its members are discordant and are
yoked together unlitly. For those ir
its ranks who adhere to original prin
ciples, balieving that there is still ii
them life and promise, it is folly tt
aseek to hold up their standard against
triumphant and entrenchedJ treason
The faithful should draw out from sur
roundings which, like the Augean ata
bles, it were the task of Hercules to pu
rify, and separating themselves fron
degenerate com pan ions, should d ra w
up their line of battle in a new flekl
and rally to them all free and bold
spirits who would light the hostile gar.
rison of the perverted government.
Rebellion finds a response in th4
manly heart. A bold stroke for the
right arouses enthusiasm. A new or
ganization is instinct with life, is not
hampered with the dead weight freight
that in time it gathers. Only the wide
awake and dead-in-earnest take th(
step. The slave to habit and the hall
hearted are left to burden down thi
old organizatien. Tihe new broonr
sweeps clean, and the new machiners
.will move off with the perfection ir
every detail that comes from the appli
cation of the newvest improvement
without the draw backs of patched worn
and cramped quarters. New wine can
not be put In 01(d bottles. The apathy
the grove-like administration of man)
details that narrowing precedlents and
growing negligence bring, the evel
looking back with hardly a glance for
ward, the unconscious individual sub
ordination of thought to habit and aum
thority, the stagnation and decay wil
be left; and by as many years as wer4
necessary for the accumulation of thu
collection of evils, by so many yeari
at least, shall we probably be in a hot
ter party than we are in.
Such is now, I believe, the sponta
.,neous, though pronably undefined feel.
ing of us all. .Jiut what shall we dol
There can hardly be a doubt that had
we arrived at our present feeling in
national affairs without our exl-erien
ces of the past four years In State poli.
tics, we should be clamoring for a
new party of all those who wish to
check this legislation in the interest of
the few moneyed men of the country,
and consequently against the great
middle and lower classes and against
whole geographical sections. We would
take our stand against the enemies of
our State and the enemies of the hon
est, struggling, but oa-capital-depend
ent masees of the people of the United
States. We should put life into the
hackneyed phrases, "government for
the people," and "equal rights to all,
special privileges to none." We should
point with pride and threatening warn
ing to the fact that we of the South
are the true modern representatives of
the heroes of the revolution; that the
population of the North,in large meas
ufe foreignized, or else rendered unilt
for responsible and beneficial govern
ment by the abasement of individuality
consequent upon the modern trend of
the politics of great municipalities,
may be willing to subipit to the rule of
their favored few, but that we are not
of the stuff to submit to being longer
made their slaves by the sutoverslan of
the general govertment. We should
welcome the assistance of the West
and of the bold-spirited and uncor
rupted, though somewhat ignorant or
erratic primitive classes of all sections
in a righteous light to settle the ques
tion.
"Upon what meat doth this, our
Casar, feed that he is grown so great?"
Alat! does not truth compel the re
cognition of this as very much the po
sition of a great organization of the
agricultural masses of the last few
years? We saw no justification for
their position when they took it, we
saw much to condemn in the extremes
to which they seemed to be going; we
tried to suppress their "un called for"
rebellion; we felt righteous disapvroba
tion of them; we became prejudiced
against them; we shall never find it
easy to say that they were right and
we were wrong, or even that they were
partly right and we partly wrong. It
is human nature: "Can anything good
come out of Nazareth ?"
Honesty compels the following con
cession to those to whom we least ex
pected ever to concede anything:
(1) We felt secure in the ship of State
except for the tariff leakage, to which
alone were we aroused. The Farmers'
Alliance movement firat sounded the
alarm that called attention to our 11
nancial laws as bringing us to the verge
of wreck. Yet little heed was paid till
we were caught in the whirlpool, and
cries from all sides then so drowned
the first note of warning that few gave
the credit of it to a source so "unwor
thy~of recognition." Who of our fac
tion appreciated the need of more
money, of elastic money, of local money
as bearing upon the prosperity of our
section-the depression of business en
terprise? It was all new to us, we had
not studied it and we ridiculed those
who, though not as well educated as
we, prated of it so learnedly and confl
dontly. "Respectable" authorities are
everywhere now pressing these three
points.
Who of us knew the relation of
"money" to commodities and to gold
and silver, the robbery of debtors as
well as creditors that results from a
variation of these relations, the fact
that gold had appreciated as much as
silver had depreciated, that our gov
errment had let "money" appreciate
with gold, and that hence with the gold
standard the debtors are being robbed
fully as much as they would "rob"
creditors if "money" were depreciated
to the basis of silver by its free coin
age? If robbing must be done there
would be less cruelty in inflicting it.
upon credlitors. The masses of debtors
who seemed to wish thus to retaliate
might be reasoned with and urged to
go no further than securing justice, but
they should not have been goaded with
denial or the truth' or their contention
that they are victiins and with epithets
for wishing to make the "other fello ws"
change places with them. in their just
and desperate determination to get
themselves out they are excusable for
not first (devising absolute safeguards
against * mploying means t hat might
get them out at the expense of others,
especially when they believe those oth
era have put them In the hole.
(2) Who of us thought of the income
tax until brought to the front by those
people? If it and certnin other ap
proved new demands were heartily car
ried out by the JDemocrats, our party
would have gotten all the credit (the
poor pioneers being lost sight of f) and
proved itself the people's party, leaving
no room for the "People's party." The
income tax has been shown by Mills to
be intrinsically just, but its happening
to bear chiefly upon certain sections
and classes renders Jt peculiarly right
at this time, to offset in a measure the
streams of money that have flowed and
will flow from South to North by pen
sione, from poor to rich by protection.
(3) Those who have charged that
dealing in futures causes a combination
of capital to fix prices and injure the
producer and is also a means of cor
-rupting legislation, and that the money
power ("W all st reet") does consciously
and systematically machinate against
the people in insidious ways are no lon
ger to be regarded as "fools" charging
"absurdities." We now approve these
sentiments coming f rom other lips.
(4) The warning against Cleveland as
"the tool of WVall street," though at the
Itime indignantly resented by us all as
not only a slander but a gratuitous ini
suit to a noble man, has been justilled
by time; and, though we may not en
dorse the insinuation of turpitude, we
owe recognition to the prophetic inisight
and the courage. ofths"nfmu
resolutions."ths"ifmu
(5) There is enough of common
ground in our present views and the
views of the turbulent pioneers whom
we have denounced to give us some
qualms of conscience, some humilia
ation of our pride, of intellect, some
generous impulse to fellowship in un
ion for a common cause. In tact the
agricultural u prIsing (little as we reail
ized it at Orut) is now seen to have In
augurated a revolution. At the close
of a century its undercurrents of
thought are forced to the front. Virile
thought is now ripe in our coumtry.
Struggling, rebellious ideas are clash.
ing with those that reign. Change,
more or less radical is upon us. F!or
revolution there is always caiuse.
When the blinding confusion or the
storm has passedl a (god-sent, man-de
veloped truth is seen to have been en
throned by it. The wrong that in its
evolution necomnaniet it isor the
most part left behind-tho world has
taken i step.
The stouter the resistonce to the rev
olution by those who wickedly or from s
want of sympathetic appreciation op
pose the change its success involves the
more is its human passion lashed, its
flood tides of wrath piled up, its power Ir
to overcome increased by mutation of
more delicate energies into the resist
less energy of rude violence. Could
the conscientious men who Light it at
every step until its spent force bursts
with destructive fury see the good in
it and unite to strengthen the hands of 1
the conservative revolutionists who e:
seek only this good, the step forward in
the world's progress would be taken I
without incurring the lameness that
usually results and Impedes its making
the most of its new vantage ground.
Since now we have reached a point in fi
the progress of the pending revolution d
to see with some distinctness a worthy
goal, which must now snon become g
more and more visible, it Is our duty t
to speed its attainment. In our own t
State we shall remove a fretting obsta
cle, we shall give counsel in friendship a
(and in no other guise will it be heed- e:
ed) to discard excrescent fallacies, to d
sooth brutal violence, to guide most
directly and with least possible inci- o
dental evil the great Truth to its throne p
(6) When one has come to think, t
then one cannot desire a complete re
turn to the quiet, unenterprising lead- ai
ership that was succeeded by the pres- g
ent foment. The country is in the i
throes of travail to bring furth a better t]
order of things, and there are now few
who do not look forward, more or less 1
vaguely, to a new birth that will be a
blessing. We would not wholly change
doctors and risk a miscarriage. What
ever personal repugnance we may n
still have for such doctors, (not of our it
choosing) we feel a certain unacknow
ledged, but self-asserting faith that in P
the divine Providence they are the h
men for the time until better men ti
have caight the proper inspiration. It b
is a foolish, stiff-necked pride to refuse
to recognize that great popular move- C
menta are due to the blind, but divine- d
ly guided instinct, of the masses, which, d
in obedience to the aIw of evolution, n
directs them on truer lines than the m
reason of the wisest statesman could I'
have mapped out in advance. "The v
people as a mass, have no understand. p
ing, but an unfailing instinct." Yet, t
especially atter the darkly groping V
stage has been passed, there is need of d
the light of all the intelligence that il
can be brought to bear. "I'o recognize, t
try and guide this ins ;inct is the func- r
tion of a statesman." The "brain and a
leadership" of the "minority" in our t
State are like Achilles sulking in his c
camp, if in this great crisis they fail to I
put themselves in touch with the peo. t
ple and to put forth their powers for a
victory that shall bring honor to the t
whole State.
If the fore going find response in the I
inner conaciousness of once ardent f
Cleveland Democrats, once violent de- (
nouncers of the Alliance, once bitter i,
haters of Tillman and Tillmanism, a
then it Is the part of honesty and cour- i
age, of patriotism and self-interest Il
alike to speak out and work for the
success of these ideas. If the C
national administration should d
yet give ground for endorse- t
ment we can rally to it, but the best tI
hops of such action by it depends on ia
widespread and out spoken defection i
from it. At present, however, I firmly IP
believe that a great movement for a 0
new party is surely coining, that our r
Conservatives llnd it now hard to re- P
sist sympathy with it and cannot t
much longer, and that it is now their
duty to examine themselves, to refuso r
to be content with half-hearted with t
"me too's," to clarify their thoughts t
and speedily and vigorously assume a 0
positive attitude. Wer are slaves to i
Tillman if his attitude must determine i
ours, if his choice precludes our maik
lng the same choice.]
Another thought carries force and d
gratillea tion. A semi-superstitious be- f
lief often dlecides conviction, as does a
favorite prejudlc-e. Of late we have r
been ashamed of South Carolina--a
most unwonted and painful emotion t
for a South Carolinian. Meantime, in
jest, a strange analogy was pointed out I
as apparent law of her history: "South t
Carolina goes mad every thirty years." I
After the laugh there has lurked a. E
thought that brought a twinge 4
Inextricable from our mindsi
is the association of 1830 and 1860 with
the glorious assertion of great princi- I
pies. Could there be, hidden from our t
view, a principle in the third "mid" I
movement ? In the midst of so much
that we abhor, can it be that our little
State is taking her stand (In obedience
to fate, which Juas always assigned her
the van) as the leader in a great strug
gle that shall become famed in history
and extolled by men? Could it be?
Should we have retarded it, have we noC
ahare in winning for her her deserved t
place of honor ? IHow was it in 1830?
As bitter differences of opinion prevail.
edi then as now, but wvhat the majority
did was the act of the State
and, as her collective decls
ion, it has been eulogized by us
from St ate prIde, if not from intelligent
thought--1860 was the culmination of
much the same fight, and in thirty
years the p~eople had come to be nmearly
unanimous. Yet there was still ear
nest individual disapproval of the acte
of the majority, though private opiniont
yielded to the nubilec purp-ose. Peace
has its duties as wvell as war, and this
may be a time that dermandis of loyal
citizens concurrence in the general I
purpose of the State. I admit that
these answers and thfs suggested
ground for concurrence aro hardly to be
accepted by the mind until indi'vidual
opinion has come to a deg ree or approv
al of' general purpose.
Let u s'iake ourselves together and I
try to contribute to the correct solution I
of the problem that is before the I
coumntry-f-or we nto longer dioubt that
theres a5 problem pressing for immedi
ate solution.- Let us join thme great
South Carolina Movement to reform I
the United States government and
usher in thei era of the TIwentieth
Century. X E
WAsuTiNorox, Jino ii.-A special
from hlirminghiam, Alt., says: The big
iron bridge of the K~ansas City, Memt
D~his and ilirminghamt ltailroad, at
Carbon 111l1 was blown upI withm dy na
mite to-day a few mnomnenits before a
train reached the bridge. Bridges at,
I atton, Mable Mines andl other points
have been burned within a few days
and several attempts have been maide I
to burn a long trestle. All thesre acts I
are charged to strikers,whose pur pose it C
1s to prevent tlemraspo. toto ol
HE MATTER OF PARDONS,
OME INTERESTING INTERROGATO
RIES ANSWERED.
he President of the Colorado Stat
Board of Pordons Propounds Som4
Questions to Governor Tallman, who
Answers Them, Giving His Views
COLUMBIA,8. C., June 14.-The fol
)wing letters will be of interest an<
cplain themselves:
Denver, Col., June 9th, 1894.
'o His Excellency, B. R. Tillman, Gov
ernor of the State of South Carolina
Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: I would esteem it a specia
%vor if you would reply at an earl]
ate to the following interrogatories
First. Should executive clemency bi
ranted In any case, except upon posi
Lve testimony as to the innocence o:
ae convict?
Second. Is a Board of Pardons, oi
n Advisory Board, necessary to a Gov
rnor to aid him in dispensing the par
oning power?
Third. Should pardons be conditiona
r would the general doctrine of thi
arole system be better for the protec
ton of society?
Fouruh. Would the parole systen
Dt as a deterrent for criminals to i
reater extent than unconditional re
'ase either by pardon or by serving oul
le sentence Very respectfully,
J. L. APPEL,
resident Colorada State Board of Par
dons.
THE GOVERNOR's LETTER.
In answer to this letter Governor Til
ian has written Mr. Appel the follow
Ig.
Dear Sir: Your favor of June 91
ropounding certain interrogatorie
as been received. 1 cannot take timi
) answer fully-that is giving reasone
ut will answer briefly by numbers.
To the first question I answer yes
lemency does not mean, always, a par
on. but includes commutation from .
eath penalty to a term of imprison
lent as well as a change of sentene
rhere the punishment appears excess
fe. There are also cases where con
iction follows evidence that may ay
ear conclusive to the jury, but not a
) the executive. The reasoning b
rhich juries reach agreement in a vei
ict of guilty is sometimes altogethe
ivisible to the executive and whil
he innocence of the prisoner may nc
est upon "positive testimony," tb
uilt being equally shadowy or uncer
ain, I have given prisoners the benef
f doubt the especially if there was
aock of motive or previous good charai
er proven.
To the second question I would sa
hat a Board of Pardons or an Advis<
y Board, while not necessary, wou:
.alieve the Governor of much work at
iome responsibility. If such Boai
xists, however, It should be frequeni
y changed throughout so as to insur
thorough examination of petitior
nd prevent the possibility of any traj
eking in pardons.
To the third question: I think unde
ertain circumstances corditional par
ons are desirable, and I have urgei
lie adoption of the intermediate sen
ance system by which the crime, arte
conviction is secured, is punished bi
maximum or a minimum term of ih
risonnent depending on the behavio
f the prisoner and the evidence of hi
iformation. Punishment is for th
urpose of reforming crininals and d(
arring others from committing crime
Judges are very capricious and un
easonable sometime in passing sen
Bnce, and by such a system the Peni
ontiary directors could release a pris
ner or recommend a pardon wheneve
n their judgment the purpose of im~
'risonment had been accomplished.
To tihe fourth question: In egenerm
do not like the parole system of con
itional pardons. Such men are nc
ree in the full sense of the term, and
vould prefer, as a general rule, absolut
elease or service of the full term.
I have never granted but two condi
ional pardons. Oils was a man wh
naltreated his wife while under the in
Iluence of liquor. The other was a bo
hiirteen years old. The conditIon I
he first case remanded the man to pri
on upon proof that h
irank any liquor or maltreated th
vonman. Of course the wife begge
or clemency. The boy was allowedt
save the penitentiary on conditio
hat he went to a reform school whet
me was practically a prisoner.
Yours respectfully,
B. RL. TILLMAN,
G overnor.
Riddled from &mbush,
HAMPTON, S. C., June 16.--Captai
ames Mixson, one of the best know
itizens of the Stafford's section, wat
erribly and fatally shot near ti
teep dottom iOross Roads Monda
iight, while on his way home. Tt
nurdered man was shot from the rot
vith a load of buckshot, twelve of ther
mntering his back,
Considerable excitement instanti
maried in the locality as soon as th
tows of the tragedy became pretty gem
irally circulated. When Mixeon wi
ihot lie called loudly for help, his crit
Lttracting a colored man, Sylvest4
tones, who came to tne spot, to fin
he unfortunate victim frightfull
younded. Mixson was conveyed t
mis home whore he expired in a shor
,ine. Excitement became enhance<
ty the mystery of an assassinatio
vhose victim was known to be withou
leadly foes and as a man of sobrieta
'riendliness and industry.
Efforts were at once made to local
nfd capture the guilty party, and ai
result Cordry 11ime, a colored mat
mas been arrested and lodged in ja
ere. The evidence against him
purely circumstantial, but is ver
trong. It is the opinion that Mlim
nistook Captain Mixston for a negr
iamed Elliott Rivers, whom he aui
>ected of being intimate with his wif
nd had said he had intended to kill.
Mimis was near the scene of the sut
equent murder on Monday afternoor
aving with him his gun, and an eu
minartion of this gun showed that oni
>arrel had been recently discharge<
.is said that lie could give no accoun
mf hisa whereabouts Monday night an
hat he was not at home.-Guardiali.
A Fatal Land Silde.
LEAnvITTE, Col., June 10.-A Mic
and freight encountered a mudl 8sh.
vest of here yesterday and the tramnruem
issisted the section hands in clearin
he track. While tis work was goin
m another slide came down, killior a
rainmen nd ininring two hands.
WOFFORD'S COMMENCEMENT.
A Large Graduating olAes-An occatlon
Long to ba Riemenbbr, d,
SPARTANnUI, S. C, J une 12.--The
Wofford commencement is almost past
, and there is jov in many a student's
heart tonight. Another scholastic year
is ended and has been added to the
forty years of Wofford's reputatiou,
which has been slowly but surely rising
I until today she stands at the head of
every literary institution in the State.
Altogether this has been a very profita
ble session and instruction has been
given to 150 young men. The manage
ment considers this number up to the
usual limit.
The commencement exercises began
Sunday with the baccalaureate sermon
which was delivered by Bishop R. K.
Iargrove of Memphis. lie read as his
E text: Isaiah 11 6: "The wolf also shall
dwell with the lamb and the leopard
shall lie down with the kid; and the
calf and the young lion and the latling
- together and a little child shall lead
them." He preached a very impressive
sermon which was listened to by a
3 large and appreciative audience.
Yesterday morning Dr. James II.
Kirkland, Chancellor of Vanderbilt
University, delivered the literary ad.
dress before the Calhoun and Preston
societies. His was a masterly speecli,
spoken entirely off-hand, and showing
careful thought and study. Ills re
marks about returning to his native
- land were very touching A short
synopsis would not do him justice. At
the conclusion of his address lie was
loudly cheered and completely loaded
down with beautiful flowers.
Last night the chapel was again
' cr:>wded by friends of the institution to
hear the junior debate. The query:
3 Resolved, That the American laoorer
has just reason to be discontented with
his present conditions was ably dis
cussed by Messrs. F. It. Shuler and (1.
C. Leonard for the alirmative and S.
A H. McGee for the negative. The com
mittee, consisting of Dr. Kirkland as
chairman, decided in favor of the neg
ative.
A gold medal is given each year by
the societies for the best essay and
D they were awaded last ninht. Air.
Y H. J.Shoemaker ot Orangeburg won
the Preston medal and Mr. S. ii. Mc.
r Ghee of Greenwood won the Calhour
e medal.
t The regular graduating exercisef
e took place this morning. The follow.
Ing young men delivered their gradua
it ting speeches very gracefully and re
a ceived their diplomas:
3- 0. M. Abney, Richland, "A Itemnani
of the Past." W. 1. Baskin, Sumter
y "The Royal Faculty." i. L. Bjmar
Spartanburg, "Oar )eht." W. T. Dun
d can, Anderson. "Tle Wandering Mifn
Ld strel." 11. ii. Ed wards, Marion, "Indl
d vidualism in Modern Society " W. M
Ellerbee, Marion, "The Three Ete
e ments." A. 13. Iarbin, Greenville
a "Great Carolinians." E. S. Jones, Rich
- land, "Our Future." G. F. Kirby,
Spartanburg, "A Conquering Race."
r F. M. Lander, Anderson, "A Collection
of Celebrities." E. M. Lanham, Texas,
"The Decay of the Artistic." W. Y.
- MuckenfussJr., Charleston, "The Wiz
r ard of the South." "W. J. Snyder, Beau
I fort, "Identity." Smilie Taylor, Flor
ence, "Electricity of the Twentieth
r Century." W. E. Walker, Spartan
8 burg, '"Oir Poet." 1). D. Wallace, Rich
land. "Gladstone." W. W. Watson,
Abbeville, "Our Eiti mate of Manhood."
P. B. Wells, Charleston, "One Increas
- Ing Purpose." R. L. Daniel, Spartan
- burg, "The Force of Pqrpose."
- Mr. M. L. Banks of Orangeburg Is
- .lso a member of this clatn and left for
home a few damys ago on account of
- sicknees. H~is diploma will be sent to
him.
Mr. Muckinfuss is totally blind, but
- has finished his course at Wolford C0l
t lege. It was indeed a touching sight
I to see that man, deprived of his sighi,
e delivering his graduating speech, i~e
will take up law for a profesion.
- Of the twenty graduates seven will
0 preach, six will be doctors, tbree law
~yers, two teachers, one farmer and one
Y journalist.
"' Commencement closed tonight with
- the alumni address, which was dlllver
e ed by Ilon. TI. M. Raynor of Orange
e burg. ie caime with a strong, well
d prepared message for his brother alum
0 nI, his subject being "I'ho Science and
nl Philosophy of Government and the
'9 DutIes of the Citizen in Relation
Thereto." ie began by giving a dell
nition of government and shlowing how
it was developed from the family cir
cde on through the tribe up to the na
tion. ie clearly and forcibly pointed
n out what the individual lost and galnedl
nin the organization of a general gov
ernment, showing that the true end
and aim was the development of the
man in relation to all the other mna.
~The iramn heel of the despot arnd the
e absolutlem of the D~emocratic majority
ee ake oppressive ana unjus., lie
emphasized the fact that our constitu -
tions and statuites were the law of the
land and not the arbitrary rule of the
people. The framers of our constitu
tions were neither demagogues nor
comminunists.
rAn in corruptible judiciary is the
d great breakwater that keeps back the
surging of a (devastating and riotous
SDemocracy. The speaker then showed
tcertain strong points of our (Govern
mont arnd lie pointed out some of the
dangers that confront us. Centraliza
ttion on one hand and Commrunismn on
the other were shown to be two of the
dominant tendencies of the time. Thei
e power and influence of doctrinaires and
Sdemagogues and the willingnessi with
which the people followed iad sup
fported them was a stunding menace to
our free Institutions. Hence we have
the army of the unemployed, the con
stant revolts against law and order and
the great unrest that prevails all over
the land.
But there Is hope in the wisdom of
the people. An intelligent ciuize~nship
will correct the evils anid cast aside the
errors arising from ignorance as well
as the seluish machinations of evil anid
selfish politicians. Ills address rece-ivedi
the earnest attention of the large au
'dience present. After his address theme
d was a big banquet served to the alumn
ni and the senior class. All the stu
dents will leave to-morrowv.
Everythiing now is over and once
i.more the old Wofford campus s (desirt
g CoLUuriA, S. C, .June 12.-At is ru
g mored in enis city that Col. Gee. D,
'o Tillman may eater the gubernatorial
nce.
READS LIKE A NOTEL.
A STRANGE CASE BROUGHT TO
LIGHT RECENTLY.
Rauit in Two Parhi-n ItonK Goleand by
, he o m roor-same R intanl et Ftures
-The oanpiio .S!ory iln O' Oh tprer.
COLumBIA, S. 0, June 14.-A case
m as brought to the a' Intion of Gover
nor Tiimnm yesterday the details of
which read like the plot of some good
novel. As a result of the presentation
of matter to the Governor a small, quiet
looking white maD, who went inside the
penitentiary walls only two days ago as
a common convict, came forth again
yesterday afternoon, after a brief ex
perience of prison life, with a full par
don in the pocket of his coat. His brief
stay in prison had changed his appear
ance very materially, for his hair had
hieen clipped and his face had been clean
shaven. The strange part of it all is
th it, even though pardoned, and a free
m n, he does not even know what legal
relations he bears to the young woman
whom lie sometime ago wedded. It is
truly a most remarkable case.
The story, as told to the Governor,
is romantic in extreme. The man in
the case is John W. Ilodge, of Ularen
don county. The woman is Hester
Ilodge, nee Gibbes. It seems that about
two years ago [lodge married the girl,
who is said to be strikingly pretty, the
ceremony being performed by a
trial justice. Tay lived together as
man and wife and things wentalong
without any trouble until a short time
ago, About four months ago a child
was born to the couple. It appears that
there was another man who himself
wanted to marry the girl. She prefer
red [Iodge, however, and the other
suitor attended the wedding. The
statement made to the Governor was
that this jilted suitor, alleging that
the girl had colored blood in her
veins, had a warrant .issued for her
and H1odge charging them with "un
lawful intermarriage." They were ar
rested, tried and convicted. Hodge was
sentenced to one year in the peniten
tiary. The woman was sentenced to
pay a line of $500, but, owing to the
illness of her child, the judge released
her from imprisonment temporarily
without the payment of the line.
Upon the showing made to the Gov
ernor, there is no doubt as to Rodge's
being a white man. Trio girl's grand
mother and mother were of pure white
blood. On her father's side, however,
there seems to have been a strain of
Indian or some other kind of blood, the
interjection of which into the family
extends back beyond the Revolution
ary war. To all out ward appearance,
and as far back as the neighborhood
history goes, no trace of any other
blood but this can be found. The girl's
family has always been considered
white and has associated with none
but white people. 11er father fought
as a Confederate soldier through the
recent war. The family has always
stood well in the community. These
are the facts of the remarkable case as
presented to Governor lillman yester
day and which he considered justiled
a pardon.
Now the question arises whether, af
ter conviction, in the court of General
Sessions, the parties to the marriage
contract can now be considered legally
married and whether their child is
legitimate or not. It is understood
that some effort will be made to have
this question decided in the courts.
State. _________
Inodicted,
DARLINGTON, June 13.--The Court
of Sessions adjourned today, having
waited since yesterday to receive the final
rep~ort of the grand jtury. This body has
been considering various complications
that arose from the recent traygedy here
brought on by the counstables. The
final presentment made today in this
case, to be herediter known as the State
of South Carolina versns the State of Car
olina, was unexpected and acted like a
boomerang.
Assistant Attorney Ganeral Blarber
was here to have the case of the State
against certain citizens, for firmng into
the Charleston. Sumter andi Northern
train on the (lay of the tragedy properly
presente d. After hearing the evidence
against seventeen of our citizens in this
case the jury presented true bills againes
'Capt John C. leiek well and others"
for this oflence. It. will be reocembered
that at the time of the tragedy McLen
(lonl, who was wounded, was carried to
jail by Sheriff Scarborough, he having
been deliveredl to the sheriff by the Darl
ington Guards, who had been in charge.
On the day after the killing uoknown
pal Lies were allowed entrance to the jil
and1( McIendon was spirited away.
Full partlcculars concerning his escape
were published in The News and (Cour
ter at the time, and atll details were
given, even as to how his mustache was
lrimmed and how the chang4e of his ap
parel was efiected. This matter was
brought to ths attention of the grand
jury and they gave it moat careful con
sideration. Aa the result Sheriff Scar
borough and his deputy were presented
for allowing McLendon to make such an
exit irom durance as he did when charged
with the grave crime of homicide, and
Meesra W. J. W. Skinner and Simpson
Skinner were also presented for having
alded McLe ndon in efiecting his escape.
The jury was comnposed of mixed ma
terial, with a majority of Tillmanites,
and gave this case long and most careful
conbideration.
Counstable Newbold, has been
working here for some time, and It was
known last week that the names of eigh
teen prominent citizens would be pres- K
ented for havmug fired on the Charleston.
Sumter and Northern train. No)thingi 2
was known until today, however, of the ~j
action taken in r'efereuce to the presenV
ment against Shierifl Scarborough ad.65 i
his deputy and the Messrs. Sknoe(1Y*~dr~
effecting Mchendon's escape al h
was charged with such a crime The go
lion of the jury seems to have bae4fair -
and non -pairtisan, and for this all'E4s
-New andl Courier. *~s
TrehBalla Faund
D)AURLINON, S. 0., June 1ie-1a the
cases of tue State vs. McLendon and
the State vs. Cain. State cmstabies,
for the kIlling~ of Norment and Red
mond in the Darling ton riot~ the graag.
jury brought in true bills.; if~\ttls
were postponed to the-.nex~ 14 of
court. There were no othird evop-~
menta.-Register. 4,
THE MILITARY COURT.
They Make Their Reiport to the (ov
ernor.
COLUMnIA, S. 0., June 13.-The mil
itary court of inquiry has handed in
their report to the Governor. It covers
140 p ages of closely written foolscap
a nd was received too late to publish
more than a synopils of the alldi ngs of
the court.
As to Mayor Metts the court finds
that his conduct was unbecoming an
oflicer and prejudicial to military dis
cipline in counselling the Guards not
to go to Darlington.
As to the Governor's Gaards the
court says Capt. J. 11. Bateman was
guilty of disobeying orders but in do.
ing so he was influenced by a belimf
that to attempt to carry the company
out of the army would precipitate a
riot. No other officer or member was
guilty of any disobedience of orders.
Those members who threw down
their side arms in the presence of the
Governor were guilty of unbecoming
conauct but were laboring under great
excitement.
Private B. G. Mills and E. C. Cath
cart disobeyed orders in not turning
out under arms on March 30 when or
dered to do so by their captain.
As to the Richland Volunteers: As
to Captain Alston refusing to put his
men In line when ordered by Col. J. G.
Watts the court expresses no opinion.
Leaving that out of consideration he
disoyed no orders nor was guilty of
any conduct unbecoming an oflicer. Ile
Is commended for his determination to
do his whole duty leaving a sick bed.
No officer or member was guilty of dis
obeying orders.
As to the Z-uaves: Captain Capers
was guilty of disobeying orders and of
conduct unbecoming an officer in en
couraging his oflicers and men o dis
obey orders; that with the exception of
Lieut. Frost and a few members the
Zouaves wore guilty of disobeying or
ders.
As to the Jenkins Rifles, York, they
were guilty of deliberate disobedience
in refusing to go to Columbia when or
dered.
As to the Gordon Light Infantry, of
Winnsboro, Captain Jordan was guilty
of premeditated disobedience, and is
solely responsible for the failure of his
company to come to Columbia.
As to the Catawba Rilies, Rock Hill
Captain Reed and Lieutenant Ilarri
son were guilty of disobedience, al
though Captain Reed had been electec
but had not received recognition by th
State.
As to the Gordon Volunteers, com
missioned ollicers and ten men disobe3
no orders. Other members did but
from business considerations and not
from desire to shirk military or the
services required of them.
The couri, of induiry made the fol
lowing report as to the Fourth Bri
gade:
That Brigadier General T. A. Iluge.
nin was guilty of disobedience of or
ders Issued by Governor 11. It. Tillman
March 31. Ile issued no verbal or
written orders to any officer or com -
pany of his brigade to go to DArling
ton or even to turn out on March 30
and 31.
That MaUj. I. It. Rutledge, com
manding Second Battalion, was guilty
of conduct prejudicial to discipline in
attending two coniferences of oflicers
of.the .1h iBrigade and Capt. DeiBose
of the Navy Iattalion and participat
ing in discussions relating to the pro
priety of obeying orders. Maj. A. W.
Marshall of the Washington Light In.
fantry was guilty also as Maj. Rut
lodge,hie having attended three confer
Capt. Schochte of the German Fu
silors also attended these conferences
of tihe samne nature rind is likewise
guilty.
Tihe same applies to Capt. J. .J. Rea
gani, of the Montgomery Guards.
T1he same report Is made as to Capt.
.J. F. O'Gara, of the Irish Volunteers;
Capt. D). MacMullin, of the Palmetto
Guards; Capt. T1. T1. Ihyde of the Sum
ter Guards; Capt. F. WV. Jessen, of the
Gierman Iluizzars.
Capt. WVagener, Lieut. ,J. F. Lilien
threl, Capt. J. IE. Cogswell, command
ing Company B, Washington Light
Carolina Rifles, are liable to reprimand
and for attending these conferences.
Capt. Anderson at first expressed him
self willing to obey orders and there
after arcted ars to indiicate his willing
nlees to obrey all orders and his desire to
respond to those of the crnmmander in
chief.
T1nat except such as are hereinbefore
enumnerat(-d no ollicer or member of
the brigade has been guilty of any
conduct unbecoming an ollicer or sol
dier.
That nio member of the gatling gun
esquad was guilty of anry conduct unbe
coming an oflicer or men.
Met Jbeath Wilea Dancing.
QUAuA'NI, 8. 1., June I1.--Ac
c:>rdinrg to the identification of husband
and brother-in-law, the body of the
womfanl found yesterday Iloatirg in the
water ofT Fort Wadsworth Is that of
Mrs. Isaac Newton Lemon, who lived
at 603 Sixth Avenue, New York. A
number of valuable rings and a gold
chain bracelet were found on the lady
and1( served to aid in tihe identification.
M rs. Lemon lost her life by a peculiar
accident. Whlile (lancing on the pa
vilioni of Ulmer I'drk Ilotel, Long is
land( lBeach, Mrs. Lemon andl her part
ner lost their balance and fell into the
water. Sire dilsappearedi at once, and it
was thought at the time that she must
hrave beent rendered urnconscius by
striking tire rail. All efforts to find
the bodly were unavailing until it was
reco~veredl yesterdauy, many miles from
the Place where tire accident occurred.
Locusts lire ak Up a PienIc.
KEn'rojtr, Ju tne 16.-The seventeen
year locursts appe'aredi in swarms to day
in Biroch's Girove, on the bank s of the
Raritan Bay, between this place and
South Amboy. There was picnic in thre
grove. Tlhe locustn covered the trees
anid clunrg to thre seats. T'hey covered
the dancing platformis, and in a short
time so many were crushed beneath
the feet of thre dancers that the pavil
ion had to be abandoned. The picnic
kers were dliscussing the locusts when
a swarm of millions decenrded on them
l'hie ingects alighted on women's hats
and clothing, and caused a high-kick
ing contest rrot down on tihe bills. Tihe
air seemed full of the pests, rand the
party fled from the grove, shrieking
land yelling as if pursued by wild anl
mais. Several women fainted, and

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