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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, August 30, 1894, Image 2

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VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, AUGIST 30, 1894. NO50
THE SILV1FR QUESTION.
AVERY ABLE ARGUMENT FROM THE
FREE C01 4AGE 81E.
A Quiot Man Who lifta s81dtteey rim
pressed Elisil-t 11pos the lIbilc-A
Presealtation of ith Q4atohA 1111 to,
Well Worh 14,04101r.
GREENvIL LE, . C., Aug. 23.-"Joe"
Johnson, as everybody in Laurens
calls him, made i quiet canvass
for Congreps in this district in 1892.
ie strictly toted his own skillet, but
received very little more than the Con
servattive vote because he frankly
avowed everywhere that ho was not, a
Tillmari man and (lid not intend to
vote for Tillman.
This year he is making another quiet
canvass, speaking often to small gath
eringe at country places. The people,
however, have suddenly waked to the
conclusion that in this comparatively
little talked of candidate they have a
very able man and tho one who knows
more about the all important financial
question and talks better about it than
any body else.
The following is a synopsis of Mr.
Johnson's speech on free coinage which
was declared by Governor Tillman to
be the ablest, clearest and strongest
talk on the currency question he had
ever heard or read:
Upon the proper solution of the fi
nancial problem depends the future
prosperity and happiness of our people.
That solution demands thorough
knowledge of all the principles under
lying money.
Money is not only a medium of ex
change but a measure of value. Sugar,
coffee or nails give so many pounds for
a dollar, so that the dollar measures all
human labor and sacrillce. Money has
its price and is bought and sold in the
markets. The rule that prices are Ilxed
by supply and demand applies to mon
ey as well as to other commodities. If
money is abundant dollars must be
cheaper; if it is scarce dollars must be
high. John Stuart Mill says that the
price of money moves in reverse ratio
to other commodities-that it rises as
they fall and falls as they rise. If that
be true the proposition follows that
when money is high more labor and
sacrillce are required to get a dollar
than when it is low. In 1870 the salary
of the Governor of South Carolina was
:6.500. When the tax payers went to
market to buy that $3,500 to pay their
governor with they carried thirty-five
bales of cotton for it. In 1893 the gov
ernor's salary was still $3,500,but when
the tax payers went to buy those dol
lars they had to carry over a hundred
bales of cotton to get them, represent
ing three times tis much labor and sac
rifice as in 1870.
All political economists have -recog
nized this principle as the true one on
which to base financial legislation.
The trouble of having limited money
or contracted currency arises from the
fact that where one man has money to
sell ninety-nine are trying to buy it.
Legislation which increases the value
of the dollar belonging to the ona man
who had it to sell must decreaso the
value of the other commodities, the
labor and the sacrifice with which the
remaining ninety-nine men must buy
the dollar. To show that the volume
of money controls the prices of com
modities the familiar course or wheat
may ba considertd. In 1882 the wheat
crop of the world was 500,0(X)C30 bush -
ele more than the crop of 1893 and the
surplus brought into 1882 was great er
than the surplus brotight. into 1893.
The supply of wheat inl 1882 was hnm
dreds of millions of bslai m1 t Iha
in 1893; the population of the world
had increased enormously from 1882 to
1893. Yet with a lessened supply andl~
an Increased demand the average price
of wheat in New York in 1893 waus (9
cents a bushel against $1.13 in 1882.
Thuis cannot be explained on the over
production theory because there was
less wheat In 1863 than there was In
1882 and more people to buy it. Tlhe
one fair and reasonable explanation is
that between 1882 and 1893 dollars in
creased in valuse oo t hat, 1 he -m who,'iai
carried wheat to mar: ket to buly dlla rs
had to carry more of it to get them
with. So it was with cottoni and all
other commodities, for t here Ia a geon
eral range or prIcts which in the first
Instance are liXud by t.he supply of
money, or in othter woruds, bcy thoe aver
age amnounit of Pacri (ice ini all lim a of
business that is rcquiredt to got a dol
* ar.
Theeffct ponthe country of' a on
stantly cont ra'cting currency i's a coni
stant fall in thme price of' labor and its
products. People have fixed liabilities
to meet which rt quire so nuch more or
the results of thmi-r labor to satisfy that
nothing is left for comforts or luxuries
or to meet current indebatedness. in
this country since 1873 there has been
a persistent fail in the price of com
-modities so that the people who depend
on the sale of those commodlities for
their livings have been unable to meet
the debts they had contracteul and have
been sold out. Thelm census statistics
show that many thousandis of people
who were land owners ten years ago
are now tenants. These facts rouse in
the people the spirit of discontent and
unrest, such as we have had in South
Carolina.
They seek to apply local remedies for
a general trouble and by Stt legisla
tion andi changes to remove evils which
are as potent and~ as patent in Nebras
ka, Louisians, Texas and Kanss as in
South Carolina makes it lo w in Missis
sippi andl the same causes make cheap
corn arnd wheat in Kansas mand Ne
braska.
Another e ffect of the increase of the
value of commodities andl property is
that it prevents men from investing in
and dleveloping enterprises and indus
tries. The fact that money is steadlily
againing in value induces those who
have it to hoard it and lock it up. it
is withdrawn from the channels of
trade and the laboring man is dleniedi
the opportunity to earn support. That
makes hard times. All commercial
history shows that whenever for a se'
ries of years there has been a constant
fall in thme price of commodities hard
times have come. JRogland 1had an 11
Itustration of this, when, in 1819, she
demonetized silver. She had then 160,
000 real estate owners. Ten years later
she had but 50,000. The peeplo were
sold out,ruined in the steady rise in the
price of money.
A great deal is said about "honest
money." The only honest money is
money which always measures the
samve average requirement of labor or
sacrifice to obtain it. A money to be
honest must keep pace with the in
crease Inl buisim si and population.
With any other kind of money there
must becontraction. In t his country
whenever a railroad is built or a facto.
ry constructcd or a mine opened the
money to pay for the work must be
taken from some other line of business
and thereby contraction results. As
iusiness increases the facilities for do
ing business should increase. John C.
Calhoun taught that if the country had
ten billions of property andi a given
quantity of money and the property
was doubled, unless there was ia cor
responding increase of the money sup
ply the money value of the property
would not be increased. Blackstone
one of the greatest thinkers of modern
times, said that a horse might sell for
ten pounds at one time and twenty
pounds at another time, the difference
in price resulting from the difference
in the amount of money in the king
dom. If a man give his obligation to
another for one thousand bushels of
corn and the government should after
ward change the bushel measure io as
to require 112 pounds instead of 50 to
the bushel to discharge the obligation,
paying the enlarged bushels would
place upon the debtor a burden he iiev
er contracted for and give to the credi
tor an advantage that he was not en
titled to receive. The principle is not
different when the obligation is ex
pressed in dollars. A striking example
of this unearned profit appears upon in
vestigation of the public debt
of tile United States. That
debt in 1865 amounted to $2,8031,000,000
and 14,000,000 bales of cotton
would have paid the entire debt. We
have paid on the debt In princial, in
terest and premium more than S5,C 30,
C30,000. We have reduced the princi
pal to 8035,000,000. Today the balance
due calls for more cotton, more flour,
more labor and sacrilice than the entire
debt would have commanded in 1865.
The burden has grown no lighter.
One of the most eminent bimetallists
of the country in the early part of
1873, before the United States and Ger
many demonetized silver, wrote that,
in case any country of importance
adopted the gold basis, a persistent de
cline would set in in the prices of com
modities, money would appreciate;
that times would grow harder, a spirit
of unrest and dissatisfaction would
manifest itself and would result in
strikes, idle workingmen seeking em
ployment, &,. The history of the past
twenty years could be no more cor
rectly written. This prediction was
followed by another, in almost the
same paragraph to this effect: Various
causes will be assigned such as, im
proved machinery, new inventions,
and over production; some will also
claim that falling price and hard times
have resulted from local causes, but
few people will realize that the true
cause of the appreciation of money and
the depreciation of property. Our own
experieuce and observation that all
these causes have been laid hold of
during the last few years.
The remedy, however, is the impor
tant question. The Democratic party
both by its platform and by its tradi
tion is pledged to the restoration of
silver to the mints. That platform
says: "We hold to the use of both gold
and silver as thestandard money of the
country, and to the coinage of both
gold and silver withoit discriminating
against either metal or charge for mint
age." At the time of tihe adoption of
this platform in the Ilotse of Itepre
sentatives of the U6ted Statas seven
representat.ives to oie had votel in fa
vor of free silver and eight to one in
the senate.
Whienever a propoit ion is made 1.0
rest ore sliver to the miuts varinus oh
jecliions are iiued against i.. For in -
siaice, somelO peopl elaiml that, the inl
trinslic value of thew ail1ver in a dlollar is
not, worth a doliar-. There is nto such
hlni as int rinsic value, itri-nsic
means to lie in. Silver has prioperties,
such as hardnese, which accompany It
wherever It goes. Value is not a prop
erty; value is a conception of the mind,
It is something that resides in the mind
of the person and not in the object
s'mght., If a man was on an uninhab
ited island and had noi hopme of ever get
tinig Cf h le wold prefer- a bushel of
wheat to a bushel of goldl. So wvhat
the intrinsic value advocates really
mean is commerciatl value. The com
mercial value of gold or silver is ial ways
equal, at least to the coInage value. 10
the mints of the Uited States were
open today for the coinage of silveg at
the rate of 4i2% grains to the $1, tTsat
would ho its value for- all ther pu11r
poses, because if a man had1( silver
enough at that rate to coin one hun
dIredl silver (dollars, that silver couild not
lie purchased for less thtan one hundred
dollars, for so long as the purchaser didl
not oler the owner asl many dlollars a1s
the silver could coin the owvner would
just make dollars out of it;.
There has never been a time wvhen
the commercial value of a money metal
fell lb-low the coinage value wvhen the
mints were open to it. T welve of the
ab'lest men in Great Britain alter a
most thor-ough investigation re-port-ed
to the British government that France
had kept the commercial value all over
the world at 15% t o I for a period of
seventy years, and t hat iFrance, 10rag.
land, Geormanly, Unmited States, or any
other leading countr y could main
taIn tihe value of silver at
whatever rates it might es
tablish.- If value is ai conceptioni of( the
mind, it may lbe asked whether it can
be created by law. No it can not. Deo
mannd, however, may lie created by law,
and that makes the value. To illniq
trate, suppose the United States gov
ernent should prohibit by law the
use of any kind of horses ini this cogni
try except yellow horses, the result o1
such legislation would be to dlestroy the
demand for all other kInd of horses
andl their value would go down. On
the other hand there would be a largely
increased demand for the 7ellow horsies.
'hat is precisely what the United States
and other countries have done when
they have dleclared by law that the peo
ple could only use the yellow metal
for money.
it is to lie observed that all references
to the repeal fall in price of silver never
go back on 1873 when its value was de
stroyedi by legislation. To Put white
horses on an (quality with yellow
horses, the law prohibiting the use of
whIte horses must be repealed. To put
siver on a parity with gold, the law
prohibiting its use as money must be
repealed. Another obj ection urged to
the coinage of ailver is its cost of pro
duction. A few silver mines have
yielded their owners fabulous fortunes
and in those rare Instances, no
doubt, silver has been minedta mall
cost, but that proves nothing, for some
farmer fortunately circumstanced may
produce corn at a very low cost, but
that would not prove that all farmers
in the United States produce corn at
the same price. These alleged statistics
of the cheap prodtuction of silver are
misleading, because they do not take
into account the tens of thousands of
silver miners who are working at a loss
if you ask why these tens of thousands
of -silver miners are working at. a loss
the answer Is that "hope springs eter
nal in the hmman breast," the mining
businesR is peculilirly fascinating and
every miner in the Rocky mountains
expects to strike a fortune to morro w.
The truth is that the value of silver in
a dollar does not depend upon the cost
of production, but it depends upon the
amount of sacrifice necessary to get the
dollar. Common liborers in 1848 and
1849 made I8 to $10 per month in
mining gold, but the commercial value
of gold remainred at the mintage value.
It Is argued that if silver were coined
free, the world would be flooded with
cheap money. What is cheap money
but the opposite of dear money ? What
is inflation but the opposite of contrac
tion ? The floods w ill not come, for If
all the gold and silver in the world
were coined into money at 10 to I there
would not be a per capita circiulation
of 65.
It is also claimed that we would be
the dumping ground for the silver of
alI'countries. if the silver were brought
here the people would hardly give it to
us, and they could not leave it with us
in exchange for property we wanted
to sell and where would be the loss?
When it is claimed that a silver dollar
will huy as much sugar in any store in
the lInited States as a gold dollar, the
gold basis advocates admit it; but they
insist that it is the credit of the silver
dollar. If it Is the credit of the govern
ment that sustains the silver dollar,
why such apprehension of the govern
ment coining a 'aw hundred millions
of silver dollars? At the close of the war
we owed two billion eight hundred
million; we have now doubled in popu.
lation and quardrupled in property;
we would certainly be able to il )at a
debt of three billions five hundreds
millions.
There is but three billions five hun
dred million of silver in the world, so
that the United States is able by its
credit to float all the silver in the
world. It is a remarkable fact, how
ever, that those who are so apprehen
sive of the government injuring its
credit by putting its 6tamp on silver
are very anxious to have the govern
ment bonds. What is the difference ?
The bonds draw interest; silver
dos not. The bonds prevent an
increase in currency,and keep products
low, while the silver if coined into
money would increase the currency,
and make products higher. Every ar
gument that is now used against free
silver has been used against free gold.
In 1848 to 1850 when the gold mines of
Australia were yielding large quanti
ties of gold, it was then claimed, that
silver was the staple metal and the
people's money. In 1850 Germany act
ually demonetized gold upon the
strength of such arguments. The truth
is that between the men who have dol
lars to sell and those who have dollars
to buy there is a conflict, of interest.
Those who have money to sell wish to
make dollars scarce. That is the tinder
lying principle from which either in
tal is kept out of the mints. FEveryboby
in Congress claims to be a bi-metalist
but nothing that is done or proposed
ever meets the approbation of the gold
bitsis advocate nor does he ever suggest
anything except International bi-metal
lism. International bi-metallismn Is an
impossibility. Mr. Gladstono in a
speei before t.he house of' commons
said that the world o wed 1-iglani
$10,000,000,000, on which the annueal
interest, is $50.000,00 0. lie f'urther
stated that any step which would in
crease the volme of' money andt lthere
by depreciate the va'lue of' Ingland's
claim against the worldi would be op
sed by any English goverment hay
Sigd dugregard to the interests of the
IEnglish people. The statesmanship
and diplomacy of the worldI unite in
the conviction that no valid or binding
agreement on currency can 1)e madle
without the friendly co-operation of
IEngland, the wvorldI's greates9t commer
cial power.
A distinguished international bimet
allist has dlefined very accurately and
distinctly when international hi-met
allism wvill be p~ossible. I t will come, lie
said, by the wo,,id('s common consent,
when the world is uniting in gp effort
to extricate itself from universal and
overwhelming ruin, produ mced by persis
tence in the effort to (10 businessl with
an intflexible andl inadequate supply of
money.
Another remedy promised biy the Deo
muocratic platform ma the repeal of the
ten per cent, tax upon the State banks
of issue. Some people oppose tis on
the ground that they want a money
which will be good all over the world.
My check for $10 would lbe a'; good in
L aurenu as gold. I t would not be good
in L~ondon, Liverpooll or Milwaukee,
bunt that tact would not lessen its value
or its use as a circulating medium at
L auirens. Theli people want not 'so much
a currency to enable them to transact
their buisiness an:1 move their crops
withouit going t.0 the great money
centers. A national money naturally
seeks national centers. The State bank
currency would lbe local in its charact er
and there might be a money center in
every county which would dfecentraliz/e
money. There are 9,000J banks in the
United States, all with deposit ac
counts in New York and with their
basis of credit depending on their aver
ago deposits. The banks South and
WVest have to keep balances of fromi
$10,000 to $20,000 in Ne w York, concen
trating an enormous amount and deC
priving their home customers. A local
curency supply would obviate the ne
cessi ty for these concentrations. There
would be no0 lear of wild cat banks
with the railroads and telegraph wires
Keeping thle P acific and Atlantic coasts
and every coroner of' the country in
closs contract, with exact advices of
commercial conditions everywhere In
thme country accessible every where else
at almost any minute of the day.-The
News.
A New~ Dange(r.
.JEFFI~nsONV ib, laid., A ag 2:1. -
Lyman Parks, twenty years old, son oh
Dr. Ilovd Thomas, Director of the ]nd
lana prison South, lost his eyesight yes
terday throuigh thme ex plosion of the
peneumatic tire of his bicycle. Parka
was an route to Corydon, when In some
manner the air tube of' his wheel ex
ploded. After having adjusted a new
one, I.arks commenced to inliato the
tunhand thi too exploed.
AN APPEAL TO CH ARITY.
jix Thuotitut aonils at Pullumn in Nei
ot Broat
CICAMo, Aug. 21.-At ter making
hrough investigation of the conditio
hxisting among the ex-employes of I
Pullman Company, who pirticipated
be recent boicott and otrike, Govern
Altgeld, tonight. issued the followil
eliet apeal: To the ppople of t
state of Illinois and especially to thc
A> the city of Chicaco:
There ~is great distress growing c
AI the wont of food in and around t
town of Pullman. More than 1,000 fat
lies, or in the neighborhood of 6,01
p0ople are utterly destilute. Neat
Four fifths of them are women and ch
drun. Th men have endeavore]
iet work, but were unable to do 8o.
have made a personal examination
the county and learn from the 0111c
of the Pullman Companv, that prior
the strike they had 3,260 names on t
roll. Yesterday they had 2 320 peol
at work, but over 600 of them are ni
men, so that ilhey have only about 1,6
of their old employes at work, leavi
about 1.660 that have not been tak
back. Several hundred of these have le
but the remainder are unable to go aw
and have nothing to eat. I lud tl
immediately after the beginning of t
strik6 a relief association was formed
provide for the needy and the books
this associations shows that 2,463 app:
catious wete made by the Pullman el
ployes, mostly heads of families tot
association for aid. In fact, nearly
of the employes, except the few hundr
who left have been supported by char
for nearly three months. As a rule th
are a superior class of laboring people
dustrious, capable and steady, and soi
of tnem have worked for the Pullm
Company for more than ten yen
Those who have been given work c
aet food, but are still in such an impov a
ished condition that they can't help th
neighbors if they would. Relief soci<
is unable to get more supplies. Oa l1
Saturday it Rave to each family t
pounds of oat-meal and two pounds
corn meal and having nothint left
suspended operations, leaving the p
ile In an absolutely helpless conditi
The county commissioners ot Cc
county as overseers of the poor hi
rendered some assistance, but owing
hmited appropriations, they can furn
relief tr a short time only. We cani
stop to inquire the cause of this distre
The good People of this State cannot
low women and children by tie I
dred to perish by hunger. 1, theref
call upon all humane and charitably
posed citizns to c'ntribute what t
can toward aiving relief to these peo
L am satisfiedI that any contribut
sent to the Pullman Relief Committe
Kensington will bejudicinuslydistribi
I fld their treasurer has given bon(
properly account for all moneys
ceived.
(Signed) JolIN P. ALTIEnn,
Governor
The Ocov raor also sent a coni mi
: tIlon to tle conmaissioners of C<
county, appealing to them is the
cers upon Wioml (lvolved IL dIt,y
providing for cases -I this kind to
utmost in their power to Iiirnish imt
diate asRistnien to the I !poIle In <tistr
I'lhe correspondence between Gover
Altueld anlid George M. Pullainn, inl ri
Lion to the destitution ., the lown I
viven to thn press by the Governor.
hevini last, -Suodaty, whitm the (Grnou
4 n 31t, atil~rm10M.Piha r
Sprin Iieli, inl resli).8An to a nu 1)b51
appomals madie to him b~y strikers for
sistaunce. in this dispatc', the Govert
tells Mr. i'allmain that althou.h
SI ate of Illinois has not thes least, dei
to meddle in the a friirs of the compa)
it cannot allow a whole commmn
within its borders to periah of' hum
and informs the president of the cc
pany that unless relief comes he wo
either hiave to call a special seso
ol f.bei losilature to make an approp
tion or1 else issu3i an appeal to the
mane laeoile of the State to give br
to the cornpanvy's former emiployes.
adds1: "It seems to me you would
fer to reliye the sitiation 3 ourself, esp'
ally as it lasa .inst cost the State
wardls of' $50,000 to protect, yene prol
Threo Lynchel.
,JA(CKSONV1ILLIC, li'fa,, Aug. 22. -N
has rea::hert here from) Mi
i'la., to the effect that three, ins tead~
two negroes, wore lynched for the r
of' Miss IPert,, last Tuesday. After
two, who confessed that they ha'd c<
mitted the assault, had b~eenl strung
ainothier negro was found In the vair
by the avengers. Tris negro was
pected of' compilicitty in the crime,
the suspicion was confirmed b~y st~r
circu mstanti al evidence, and he sha
the fate of' the other two. The th
negroes were unknciown int
neighborhood. T1hey were trar
and claimed to be from G.eorj
There is ) (n01dout that tit
were gulty of the assault on Iv
Pert. it is said that, after the hodiel
the negroes had hung awhile, ti
wore cut down aind bunrned by
lynchiers. Excitemnent over the ati
fs running high, and rumors of ot
Jynchings are fn circulatifon, but i
Impossible to secure partIculars.
people here regret that ft has bee
necessary to take the law into ti
own hands, but they are dieternminc(
make anl example of every man
lays vfolent hands on a woman. Im
Pert Is still in a pitiable conditi
Sne may never recover from her
juries.
& Fatal Loap.
if ICHTMOND, Va., Aug. 23,---Col, J.
Winstead, president or the P'iedmi
and the Peoples' banks of Greenab<
N. (I., committed suicIde here t
morning by jumping from one of
balconies on the City flail near
clock tower. Tihe plunge was one
ninety-live feet and the body was
paled on an Iron railing. Thle ca
of the act is not kno wn here. W V
Mr. Winstead got the key to the to g
lie showed no sign of nervousness
excitement. lie was about sixty ye
of age and married. Bsfore jumpi
he throw his cane amnd slices dioi
Colonel Winstead's nephew airris
here from Danville to~nlgnt
stated that there was no reason s
his uncle should have committed a
nintcia
THE EDITORS ADJOURN.
Rd PrAnIdent Anill-- Oher Now 4)icern
RIsolution of Thankuts.
a PAWLEY'S Island, Aug. 18.-The
as Second day's, meeting of the South
rie Carolina state Press Association and
in in fact the last 9e8son of this meeting
or convened in the Barracks promptlv at
10 o'clock this morning. All the jour
h" nalists present on the Island were in
at'eAndance.
e After some routine business wag
transacted Mr. N. G. Gonzales of lie
it State, made a motion which was carriLd
lie that the address that had been appoint.
n- ed to be delivered by several of the
30 editors be postponed until the next
ly meeting of the Association on account
it- of the absence of several of those whc
tq were to speak on the different themes,
I Following this bhe placc of the next
of anual meeting was decided upon. Mr
rs Gonzales gave the Association a most
to heart;ly invitation to come to Coluimbl
le gain, while Mr. Osteen of Sumter in
vited them to meet there. As Colun
bia had been the place of meeting last
1 year several of the editors thought Mr
DO Osteen's invitation should be accepted
1'g which was done.
an Then camte the election of offilcers foi
i1, the ensuing year. The following wer
ay unanimously elected: E. 11. Aull pre
at sident, II. M. Ayer first vice president
lie IL. G. Osteen second vice president, C
to C. Langston secretary, F. Melcher
of treasurer,'Sldi II. Brown chaplain, anc
Ii- Messrs. Gonzales, Clarke and Browne
the three members )f the executivi
u- committee.
all After the election of oilcers had beei
proceeded with Mr. II. M. Ayer offere(
ed the following resolutions which wer
tY adopted after which the Associator
ey adjourned subject to call:
in- In appreciation of the courtesies ex
ne tended this association on the occasioi
in of this, our twentieth annual meeting
ra, be it
an Resolved, That we express a vote o
.. cordial thanks to \rice President A. B
eir Andrews, of the Southern ]tailwal
ity Company, General Passenger Agen
T. M. Emerson, of the Atlaniic Coasi
s Line, W. J. Craig, of the Port Roym
WO and Western Carolina Railway, E. I
of McSweeny, of the Charleston and Sa
it vannah Railway, and other railroa
30- oflicials for transportation generousl
m. granted on their roads for the editor
ok and their families; to Capt. It.
ve Cordes and other ofilcials ot the Sout
to Carolina Steamboat Company, an
ish Capt. J. T, Hubbard of the steami
,)t. Planter, for their generosity .in affor
A ing us transportation and unusur
al courtesy shown us, to make the tri
Ul by sea as thoroughly enjoyable as It
in their power.
That our thanks be extended throui
dia. this resolution and through our broth
ey Josiah Doar in person, to the hospit
ple. ble people of Georgetown, and espe<
[ons ally to Capt. Springs of the tug Con
e at don, for their attention and for ti
ited pleasure afforded us durirg our stay I
I to the beautiful little city of Georgetow
re. That especial recognition is due I
us to the hotels of Georgetown for the
exertion in our behalf and the ente
tainment given us.
That thanks be extended the Man
mi- gault Light Dragoons for the use
vik their comfortable hall for our meeting
11. That we reognize by special vote til
o1 thanks due to Mrs. Winthrop Williani
0im for her kindness and courtesy to th
R association, which has made this mee
4*Ing so delightful to uts all and that w
* shall be equally generous in spreadin
nor to the public at large such reports o
' our treatment here and the natural ad
vas vantages or this resort as will convinc
IL othersi that I'awloy's Island is th
Wor choicest of all summer resorts, and tha
)m Mrs. Wiliams Is a queen aniong host,
of' esses.
av Th'liat ai copy of' these, such part (
io parts, of' those resolutions as effe<
the those who have contributed to oil
iire pleasure bo drafted by the secreitar
nandl sent in the name and under thi
seal nof the association to those I
miwhom w e are so much indebted.
ter, Rtesolutions were also adloptedl1l01
4"' lng to f'urther agitationi of thme impo
uild tance of' these meetings andl the propi
1011 preparation f'or profitable work by tI
ria- ifmmbers and to the securing of' mci
hum. hearty co-operation of the entire pr~e
and of' 1ha State. Also resolutions of ni
ie preciation of Mr. C. II. Prince's wou
>re. as5 secretary. Also the following:
eci Iesolved, That the thuomks of' tI
u.association 1)0 extendedl to the people
.Sumter and Columbia for their cordi
inv;itation to us to hoili our mee'ting
wvit~h them.
3whwaiIlspd ives.
yo, PA NA, fIls., Aug, 22.-Judge Willia
of P'rice married Mrs. Elsie Ilarrico
ape atged 30;, to Edward M undiay, aged 4
the and Miss izzie McIermott, uged 3i
>m. to Thoiimas 10miii son, aged 53, at t~me r
up spective homes of the brided. And b
ity hind1 this prosaic announcement them
lus is a story. Monday's present wife wi
md the former wile of Ellison, aind 1El]
nson's wife was the former wife of Mi
ret (day. ILlison was legally dlivorcE
ree fromi his lirst wire last Wedniesday, ar
his on the same day the new Mrs. Eilis(
swas divorsed from Munday and resto
fla. ed to her mlaidlen name. T1hie contrac
ley ing parties are all upon tihe best
Lies terms, andl are, in fact, intimate assi
or ciatesi. TIhe present Mrs. Etlison mi
icy the wedding gown of the new Mi
the Munday, and( vice versa, and the wc
rair diingd were all plainnedl before the dI
her vorces were obtained.
I; is -.
.'lie niocwn t') i'Iece*,
me BUFF'A rLo, N. Y., Aug. 23.,.Josep
ileir ifissinuger was dIriving alonig (irato
I to street this afternoon with a ioati
vho ammonia uised for making ice in breM
[iss ernes. One of the tanks containing 0LI
on. stuff exploded with a 10oud rep~ort, hmr]
in- ing Blassinger twenty feet, thirowin,
him through the bows or a tree, whuic
overhung the streets. Ile caime do w
on the opposite sIde of the street. lii
M. hands and feet were torn off by the ey
nt p lesion in his flight through the trei
>ro, Hie was lnstaintly killed. No reason fc
his the explosion is known.
the _
the Three n)r'w aed.
or IIA'r'oN ltouom, L-i., Aug. 23 .-New
im- reached the city' this morning of a diu
use tressing accident near lBaton lerugu
hien which resulted in the (leath of thre
per, estimable young lindies, and which ha
or cast a gloom over the entire capita
la city. TIhe unfortunates were Mb
.ng Mary Lee Rtead, Miss lielle Ch.mmber
vn. and Miss Elenore Garland. The youn
red ladies were bathing in the Amite lItive
md when one of their number got b~eyor
rhy her depth. She screamed and tihe othi
i- two went to her assistance and all thr
were (Irnwned.
A SERIOUS CHARGE
About a Personal Letter Made Aganlst
Dr. styrd.
COLUMBIA, S. 0., Aug. 2.-A copy
of the followinr card addressed to the
editor of the Register, was yesterday
given to the press for publication. The
card is rather sensational in its nature
sud makes very racy literature:
Columbia, S. 0, August, 24, 1894.
To the Editor of the Register: I have
noticed your coup d'etat in a recent
issue of your paper and your editorial
comments thereon, in which you pub
lish a personal letter written by me to
the Rev. L. ). Bass, on June 27. Mr.
lass was at that time a Butler candi
date for the State Senate and the let
ter, containing, as it did, some sugges
tions and information from "Butler
headquarters," as you express it, was
made much of by you and your politi
cal sagacity and activity, as demon
strated in securing the letter, was em
phasized to commend yourself and your
paper to the movement.
Now, Mr. Editor, in the first olace it
is due Mr. Bass to say that in % letter
received from him recently he eas: "I
was never more surprised than when I
saw the publication of your letter to
me of June 27th. I regret it and as
sure your that I am innocent of the
thing being made public." So much
for Mr. Bass. A high and honorable
gentleman, by the way, who smarts
under even the shadow of inference
that he would break conidence in the
way indicated in your comments and
by the publication of the letter.
But here, Mr. Editor, is the part of
your great political and sagacious ac
tivity, which I want to make public.
I am reliably informed that very re
cently, Dr. Byrd of Florence county
(an ex-legislator from that county) has
spoken more than once, on the streets
of Florence of having found (?) a let
ter written Mr. Bass, and that in is
publication he, Dr. Byrd, would make
a ten-strike. I am further informed
that when the public speaking took
place at Timmonsville, in Florence
county, that this astute Dr. Byrd asked
a number of candidates to his house at
that place to dinner. That at the sug
gestion of the host the guests took of
their coats in the bed room and retired
to the sitting room, after dinner to
a smoke. Mr. Bass had the letter you
have published in his pocket when he
went to Dr. Blyrd's house, it was "out
of sight" when lie left.
r The letter, I am informed and be
- lieve, was sent you by Mr. McCall of
Florence, and was given him by Dr
P lyrd (our hospitable host). In your
editorial comments you say: "The let.
ter has been sent to us by one of the
h most active and vigilant Reformers ir
er the eastern part of the State." Allow
me to suggest that this "activity and
, vigilance" is taking a very dangeroi
turn and this very "active and vigi
e lant" individual and host may have
n been down into Mr. Bass's pockets fo
r paper of more commercial value for al
l3 we know. Not finding that, lie seems tc
Ir have taken everything else in sight and
r- let his find of political paper act as the
next best thing.
You are welcome, Mr. Editor, to all
letters gotten at the houses of people
from the pockets of their guests, when
coats, by invitation, are hung in an ad
s joining room and the guests lured
e away by a cigar, are out of sight. I
have written Bro. Iass to take warn
ing himself and to memorize the fol
lowing lines and repeat them for tb
f protection of his people:
- Will you walk into my parlor? said the
e spider to the fly.
B Well, hardly, said tihe insect, and lie
t winked the other eye.
You parlor has an entrance, but of an
exit it is shy.
r So Ill stay on thre outsidle andl remain
t a little "fly."
r This communication is written on
Y tihe supposition that Mr-. Bass and my
(1 self are correct in "placing our men."
o If we are wrong, let him make an lhon
orable disclaimer.
All names desiredl will be given on
r- application andl the undersigned is per
r sonally responsible for every line of
C this commurnication.
C \Very truly.
IS .IOHN U. CA PERSu'.
Ii Tilman, HRpeaks.~
CoI1minJA, S. C., Aug. 20.-liy re
C quest Gov. Tillman delivered to-night
>f an adldress on Mini street to about, three
1i hutndired peo0ple, abui)it hlfll of whom
5 were reformers. lie was well received,
thnough at times he received many jeers.
lie spoke or the city of Columbia In a
caustic way andl ridiculed its manage
,a ment asq being undler the dlomination of
a, men who were antagonistic to the
a' whole of the rest of ther State. lIe said
li e propos'es t~o criticise l'resident (love
3. land as often as lhe violates the D~eino
3. cratic platform which lie had( spit upon.
e That Cleveland had betrayed his party
is and had baiulked tire D~emocratic sena
i. tors rand representatives in Congress in
. their (des1re to carry out party pledlges.
,d T1hat Cleveland was in league with the
dI powers of thre northeafsterni section of
n the country who were Intent upon
r- keeping the volume of currency as
t. small as plossible. That lie thanked (God
)l that he would leave Columbia in a few
*3. months, but that his place would be0
le filled by a man who would keep the
s. peo(ple dlown) as lhe had triedl to (do,
.suggar Iiagging?
-NE~W Y'ong, Aug. 21.-Many letters
havmng been received by the Cotton E~x
change bo0th for aind against th6 urso
of sugar bag cloth for bailing cotton,
h thre boar d of managers, after a full die
Scussion of the matter, have passed thre
ffollowing resolution:
Rtesolved, That many of tire Inquiries
e having been received by the New York
-Cotton Exchange as to whether or not
C the use of what is known as sugar bag
ri cloth in covering cotton is contrary to
rn the rules of thre exchange, the secretary
s be instructed to adlvise the Southern
'exchanges and others interested in this
-matter of the fact that cotton covered
r by such bagging constitutes a good de
livery under the rules of this exchange,
A Narrow Estcape.,
S M AuDISO N y 10 L , Trex., Aug. 19.---At
-Midway in this county Mrs. Lucindil
', Allen was seized with colic. IPhysic
in ians and nurses after six hours of at
s tention pronounced her dead. She wa!
I dressad and placed in her coffin am
as jiust as the coitege was about to star
s to the grave a neigjhbor asked for r2
i last look at her. Shie (the neighbor'
r, thought she disnovered signs of animnu
d tion. The su pposed cor pse was take:
ur from the collin, placed ini a tub c
10 water and soon revivedl. She thus ei
canpd being buried alive
THE TEST CASE AT LAST,
THE 1893 DISPENSARY LAW TO BE
DECIDED ON.
The Aiken Cato Agreed On for the Pur
pose and the Supreme Court to be Celled
in Extra sempin-The PoIntis to be Ar
au d Arrerd On.
COLUMBIA, S. C , Aug. 23.-The Aik
en case is to be the one which will de
cide the 1893 dispensary law and which
will forever settle the corstitutionality
or unconstitutionality of the famous
law unless It can be gotten into the
United States Supreme Court.
The State and the city authorities of
Aiken hava made an agreement that
this case shall be the test case before
the State Supreme Court. The agree
ment was made in Aiken on Tuesday
whila Assistant Attorney General Bar
ber was in that city.
Of course everybody will want to
know when the case can get before the
court. The truth Is that Governor Till
man has requested, and Attorney Gen
eral Buchanan has joined in the re
quest,that Chief Justice McIver call
an extra session of the court as soon as
possible. The request was sent to the
Chief Justice a few days ago and his
answer is expected today or tomorrow.
If the request is acceded to the extra
session will be held the last of this
month or the [irat of September. The
court will consist of Chief Justice Mc
Iver and Associate Justices Pope and
Eugene Gary.
The case is to go to the court on ex
ceptions to the. decision of Judge Al
drich and the points to be argued have
also been agreed upon. They are ap fol
lows:
EXCEPTIONS OF TIIE RELATORS.
The relators except to and appeal to
the Supreme Court of South Carolina
from the decree rendered and made
herein by his Honor Judge James Al
drich on the 18th day of August, 1894,
upon the ground that his IHonor erred
as follows:
1. In holding that the respondents, a
municipal corporation,could set up and
plead that the Dispensary Act of 1893
is in violation of sections 1, 2 and 41 of
Article 1 of the Constitution of the
State of South Carolina.
2. In holding that it is competent for
the respondent to set up and plead that
the Dispeneary Act of 1891 is in viola
tion of the 4rch, 5th and 14th amend
ments to and of section 8 of Article 1
of the Constitution of the United States
and also in conflict with the inter-State
Commerce law.
3. In holding that the Dispensary Act
of 1893 is an amendment of the Dis
pensary Act of 1892 and unconstitu
tional.
4. In holding that the said Act con
stitutes a monopoly in the sale of in
toxicating liquors and is therefore
void; whereas he should have heid that
the exclusive sale by agents of the State
Is a proper police regulation regularly
passed by the Legislature in itr wisdom
in furtherance of its judgment that
such a measure was a necessary re
quirement for the regulation of the
liquor traflic, to protect the health,mor
als and welfare of the people; and that
the execlusi ve control by the State of
such a recognized subject of police su
pervision is constitutional and valid.
5. In holding that the said Act is
unconstitutional in providing for the
exclusive sale by agents of the State
and forbidding all other persons;where
as he should have held that said Act
providing for such sale exclusively by
agents of the State Is a constitutional
exercise of the police power of the
State over a recognized subject matter
of police supervision.
0. In not holding that the Dispensary
Act of 1893 is a valid law and in no
wise violates the Constitution of the
U~nitedi States or that of the State of
South Carollna.
OSMUND W. BUIJOJANAN.
Attorney General, for Relators appel
lant.
EXCEPVTIONS OFd RIESPONDENTS.
The following are the exceptions of
the respondenta:.
I. Because it is respectfully submit
ted that the relators herein had ample
remedy at law for the correction of any
grievance of which they complain, and
therefore they were not entitled t's the
writ of prohibition and his lionor the
Circuit ,J udge erred in not so deciding.
2. Because the said Act of the Gene
ral Assembly of' this State violates sec
tionm 8 of Article 1 of the Constitution
of the United States and also violates
the Act of the Congress of the United
States regulating commerce between
the States andi is therefore null and
void.
3. liecause the said Act of the Gen
eral Assembly of this State violates the
4th, 5th and 14th amendments of the
Constitution of the United States and
is therefore null and void.
4. Because it is respectfully submit.
ted that the ordinance of the city of
Aiken reforred to in the return herein
is authorized by section 1787 of the
General Statutes of this State; that the
same is lawful and of binding force
within the corporate limits of the city
of Aiken and his IHonor, the Circuit
.Judge, erred in not so deciding..
5. That his Ihonor erred in granting
the writ of prohibition and deciding
that the respondents should pay the
costs of thei proceedings herein.
-G. WV. CROFT,
M. B. WOOD'wAnDo
Attorneys for Rlespondents.
TIIE AGREEMENT.
We agree that the foregoing shall
constitute the "case" upon which this
cause shall be heard in the Supreme
Court of South Carolina and that a
copy thereof shall be used in lieu of a
return in the ofice of the clerk of said
court.
0. W. BUOIIANAN,
Attorney General for Relators.
G. W. CROFT,
M.BI. WOoDwAUD,
Attorneys forIlespondenits.
A HOrrIe WInd,
L'ITTanUnoC, Pa., Aug. 21.-Thomas,
Hlarris of Esplenborough returned to.
day from Mount Cleanens where he had
been for his health. ie found his home
closed and after considerable trouble
broke in. ie found the dead and de
composed body of his wife on the bed,
I and by her side slept their two children
taged 2 and 4 years respectively. The
woman died last Thursday tromn hem
, orrhages and the bed was saturated
-with blood.- The neighbors supposed
t that the family was away. The chill
f dlrenare in a precarious condition~ frank
-lack of food and breathing the contante.
inated atmonnharevs ng.

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