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AT T11 mau''s BEDTIME.
s Isbafy's bedtime;
my little one comes to me
In her snowy little nelghtgown,
And kneels down at my knee;
od I fancya sweet child angel
for a time MY guest,
she says her little prayer over,
With her hands upon her breast.
vilse "Now I Jay me," she whispers
01101' In a low voice, "dowu to sleep;
cera pray the Lord"-and the blue eyes
er ialf close-"my soul to keep;
if I should die"-Ohi the shiver
At my heart!--"before I wake,
I pray the Lord"--and the eyelids
Droop low-"my soul to take."
Then I lift up the little one, clasping
Her close to my loving heart,
And give her warm, good-night idses
Till the closed lids break apart
As the leaves do folding a flower;
And tile violets of her eyes
Look up in their drowsy fashion,
And smile at me angel-wiso.
"Dood night," she whispers me sof tly
And sleepily with a kiss
Thatlingers with me in slunber
And stirs my heart with bliss
As I think of the little one dreaming
With her head against my broat,
Till my sleep is full of rapture
As her dreaming is of rest!
HE WAS AN ONLY SON.
hristle Oompasalon and litraclo For the I
BROOKLYN, Aug. 19.-Rev, Dr. Tal.
mage, who is now in Australia on his
round the wo'ld tour, has selected as the
subject fnr today's sermon through the
press "An Only Son," the text chosen I
b.ing Luke vil, 12 15: "Now when lie I
came ngh to the gate of the city, behold, <
there was a dead man carried out, the
only son of his mother, and she was a
widow. and much people of the city was
with her. And when the Lord sow her
he had compassion on her and said unto*
her, Weep not. And lie came and touched i
the bier, and they that bare him stood
still. And he said, Young man, I say i
unto thee arise. And he that was dead I
sat up and began to speak. And he do. i
delivered him to his mother." I
The text calls us to stand at the gate i
of the city of Nain. The streets are a- I
rush with business and gayety, and the I
ear is deafened with the hammers of me. I
chanism and the wheels of traffic. Work I
with its thousand arms and thousand
eyes and thousand feet, fills all the
street, when suddenly the crowd parts,
and a funeral passes. Between the
wheels of work and pleasure there comes
a long procession of mourning people.
Who is it? A trifler says: "Oh, it's
nothing but a funeral. It may have
come up from the hospital of the city,
or the almshouse, or some low place of
the town," but not so says the serious
There are so many evidences of dirJ
bereavement that we know, at the first
glance some one has been taken away
greatly beloved, and to our inquiry,
"Who is this that is carried out with so
many offices of kindness and affection?"
reply comes, "The only son of his mo
ther, and she a widow." Stand back and
let the procession pass outl Hush all the
voices of mirth and pleasure! lst every
head be uncovered! Wool) with this
'Passing procession, and let it be told
through all the markbt places and ba.
zaars of Nain that in Galilee today the
sepulcher hath gathered to itself "the
only son of his mother; and she a
There are two or three things that, in
my mind, give esp~ecial ptathos to this
scene. The first is, hie was a young man
that was being carried out. To the aged i
death becomes beautiful. The old man i
halts and pants along the road where a
once he boundedl like the roe. From u
the midst of' immeicable ailments and
so.1rows he cries out, "How long, 0 t1
Lord, how long?" Foot sore and hard- t,
ly bestead on the hot journey, lie wants a
to get home, lie sits in the church and t
sings with a tremulous voice some tune y
he sang 40 years ago, and longs to join 1
the better assemblage of the one hun- t
dred and forty and four thousand, and
the thousands, of thousands who haveh
passed the flood. How sweetly lie sleeps C
the last Bleep! Push back the white o
locks fronm the winkled temples. They c
will never ache again. Fold the hands o
over the still heart. They will never o
toll again. Close gently the eyes. They ,j
will never weep again.c
But this man that I am speakmng of s
was a young man. Hie was just putting p
on the armor of life, and he was exulting k
to think how his sturdy blows would ring a
out above the clangor of the battle. I r
suppose he had a young man's hopes, a p'
young man's ambitions and a voung c
man's courage. He said: "If ~1 live ti
many years 1? will feed the hungry and a
and clothe t ' naked. In this city of 'l
~amn, where there are so many had 6
young men, I will be sober and honest a
pure and magnanimous, and my mother n
shall never be ashamed ci me." But t<
all these prosp~ects are blasted in one n'
hour. There hie passes lifeless in the b
procession. Behold all that is left on h
earth of the high hearted young man of a
the city of Nain.(
There is another thing that adds very I
much to this scene, and that is he was (
an only s on. However large the family
flock may be, we never could think of' I
sparing one of' the lambs. Though they b
may all have their f auls, their r
excellence that commend them c
to the parental heart, and il r
it were Peremptorily demanded of you d
today that you should yield up one of j
a.vory large family you would be con- ti
founded, and you could not make a selec- hi
tion. But this was an only son, around n
whom gathered all the parental expecta- x
tions. Hlow much care in his education! b
How much caution In watching his hab. Ii
its! He would carry down the name to o
ether times, lie would have entire con- ti
trol of the family property long alter the ti
parents had gone to their last reward. ii
lie would stand in society a thinker, a
worker, a philanthropist, a Christain. h
No, no. It Is all ended. Behold h im Vl
tere, Breath is gone. Life is extinct. n~
Te only sn of his mother. 5
There was one other thing that added a
toithe pathos of this scene, and that was s
hsmother was a widow. The main t
hopsB of a home, had been broken, and t
The chief ligh of he household ad
been extinguished, and this wsteol
light lefI suppose she *e~ ad ok
Oh, lt ls a grand thing to Seet aon
mani step out in life and say to bly on
? thor: "Don't be downhearted, wilI
as far as possible, take father's Place
and as long as I live you shall nu
want ay g." It is not always thet
way. ~Iitmes the young people get
-tired bith old people. They says they
pe quert that they have so many all-'
weitakd 'they sopietimies $s a m
t At ,tb* t *teir 11
And so they gave him a place In the cor.
nor where day by day lie ate out of an
earthen bowl-everythiog put into that
bowl. One day life baud trembled so
much he dropped it. and It broke, and
the son. seated at the elegant table in
midfloor, said to his wife, "Now, we'll
get father a wooden bowl, and that lie
can't break." So a wooden bowl was
obtained, and every day old prandfatlier
at.e out of that, sitting in the corner.
One day, whili the elegant young man
an( his wife were seatered at their table,
with chashed silver and all the luxuries,
and their little son sat upon the 1-or,
they saw the lad whittling, and they
laid, "My son, what are vou doing theie
with that knift ?" "Oh," said he, "I
L'm making a trough for my father and
otliher to eat out of when they get old!"
But this young man of' the text was
2ot of that character. le did not be
ong to that sc'iool. I can tell
t from the way they mourned
>Ver him. Ile was to be the com
panion of his mother. lie was to be
is mother's protector. ~7e would re
urn now some of the kindueases he had
'eceived in the days of childhood and
)Oyhood. Aye, lie would with his strong
)n'd uphold that form already enfeebled
vith age. Will lie do it? No. In one
iour all that promise of help and cor'a
)anionship is gone. There is a world of
M1gulsh in that one short phrase, "The
MIly son of his mother, and she a wid.
Now, my friends, it was upon this
cene that Christ broke. Ile came in
without any introduction. Ile stopped
he procession. Ile had only two ut.
erance to make-the one to the mourn.
ng mother, the other to the dead. 1ie
,ried out to the mourning one: "Weep
lot," and then touching the bier on
vhich the son lay, he cried out:
'Young man, I say unto thee arisel
&nd he that was dead sat up."
I learn two or three things from this
iubject, and frst that Christ was a man.
You see how that sorrow played upon
ill the chords of his heart. I think we
orget this often. Christ was a man
nore certainly than you are, for he was
t perfect man. No sailor ever slept in
Ihip's hammock more soundly than
Jhrist slept in that boat on Gennesaret.
[n every nerve and muscle and bone and
Iber of his body, in every emotion and
iffection of his heart, in every action
imnt decision thiis mindl he was a man.
He looked o;i upon thbe sea just as you
.ook off upon the waters. le went into
Martha's house just as you go into a cot.
,age. Ile breathed hard when he was
'ired just as yfu do when you are ex
3austed. lie felt after sleeping out a
awht in the storm just like you do when
you have been exposed to a tempest. It
was just as humiliating, for him to beg
iread as it would be for you to become
k pauper. H1e felt just as much insulted
ay being sold for 30 pieces of silver as
vou would if you were sold for the price
of a dog. From the crow n of the head
to the Role of the loot le was a man.
When the thorns were twisted for his
brow, they hurt him just as much as
they hurt your brow, if they were twist.
ed for it. Ile took not on him the nature
of angele; lie took on him the seed of
Abraham. "E5c homol"'-behold the
But I inust also draw from this snb.
ject that lie w as a God. Suppose that
x man should attempt. to break up a funl.
sral obsequy. He would be seizd by
the law, lie would be imprisoned, if lie
were not, actually slain by the mob be
lore the ofilcers could secure him. If
LUfrist 11ad been a imere mortal, would
ie have a right to come in upon Euch a
irocession? Would lie have succeeded
ai his interruption? lie was more thani
,nan, for when he crietI out, "I say
nto thee arise jhe that was (lead sat up")~
Vhat excitement there must, have been
tiereabouts! vThie body had( lain pros.
rate. ILt had been mourned over with
gonizing tears, and yet now it begins
o move in the shroud, and to be flushed
with life, and at, the command of Christ,
.o rises up andl looks into the faices of
lie astonished spectators.
Oh, this was the wvork of a God. I
ear it in his voice. I see it in the flash
fhis eye. I behold it in the snapping
f death's shackles. I see it, in the taco
f the rising slumberer. I hear it, in the
utcry of all those who were spectators
f thes scene. If, when I see my Lordi
esus Christ, mourning with the bereav
(, 1 put my hands on is shoulders and
my, "My brother," now that I hear him
roclaim supernatural deliverances I
>ok up into his face and say with Thom.
a, "My L'r d and my God." Do0 you
ot think lie was a God? A great many
sople do not believe that, and t~hey
ompromise the matter, or they think
iey compromise it. Thiey say lie was
very good man, but, lie was not a G >d.
'hat is impossible. ie was either a
kodl or a wretch and I will prove it. If
man professes to be that which lie is
ot, what is lie? lie is i liar, an impos
>r, a hypocrite. That is your unani
Lous verdlict. Now, Christ professed to
s a God. Hle said over and over again
e was a God, took the attributes of aGod
Lid assumed the works and1 ofiee of a
od. Dare you now say lie was niot?
[e was a God, or lie was a wretch.
Do you think I cannot prove by this
lible that he was a God? if you (do not
elieve this libule, of course there is noe
eed of my talking to you. There is no
ommon data from which to start,. Sup.
ose you (do believe ii? Then I can
emonstrate that lie was divine. I can
rove he was creator, John 1, 3, "All
ings were made by him, and withbout
im was not anything made that was
made." lHe was eternal, Revelation
xii, 13, "I am Alpha and Omega, the
eginmng and the end, the first and t~he
ist." I can prove that lie was omnip-.
tent, Hebrews i, 10, "The haavens are
ue work of thinae hands." I can prove
at, he was omniscient. John ii, 25,
lie knew what was in man." Oh yes,
e is a God, lie cleft the sea, lie up
eaved the crystalline walls along which
eo Isrealites marched, lie planted the
iountains. lie raises up governments
ad casts down thrones and marches
cross nations and across worlds and
cross the universe, eternal, omnipotent,
nhindered and unabashed. That hand
hat was nailed to the cross holds the
tars in a leash of love. That head that
ropped on the bosom in the fainting and
oath shall make the world quake at its
od. The voice that groaned in the .'ast
mang shall swear before the trbmbiiog
vorld that time shall be no longer. Oh
ho not insult the common sense of the
~ace by telling us that this person was
>nly a man, in whose presence the par
klytic arm was thrust out well, and the
deovis crouched, and the lepers dropmed
Sscales, and the tempests folded
he irg, and the boy's satchel of a
d th Emade a banquet for 6,000,
and te 5a ocsion of my text broke
n congratuon and hosanal
ain, I lea 14m this subjact that
fas nsymekt ..gr, Mark youi
w~ t~~fW tlis the y
IMAround, and t
what Was the matter with the man, hom
old he was and what were his last exps
rienceo. They know with what tempo
ral prospects lie -has left his family
There is no haste, there is no indecenci
in the obsequies. There Is nothing donc
as a more matter of business. Even the
children come cut as the processioi
passes and look sympathetic, and the
tree shadows seem to deepen, end the
brooks wel) in symup ithy as the proces,
sion goes by. ]In u, mark you, this that
I was speaking of was a city funeral. In
great cities the cart *jostles the hearse,
and there are mirth and gladness and
indill'erence as the weepituig procesilon
goes by. In the city of Nain it was a
common thing to have trouble and be
reavement and deaLh. Christ saw it ev
ery day there. Perhaps that very hour
there were others being c'irrie-1 out, but
this frequency of trouble did not harden
Chri3t'd heart at all. Ile stepped right
out, and lie sav this mourner, and he
had compassioni on her, and lie said,
Now, I have to tell you, oh, bruised
souls, and thteie are many everywhere
have ycu ever looked over any great an
dience and noticed how many shadowe
of sorrow there art? I come to all such
and say, "Christ meets you, and he hai
compassion on you, and he says, 'Weep
not.'" Perhaps with some it is ftian
cial trouble. 'Oh," you say, "it is s311ch
a silly th'ng for a main to cry over lost
money." It is?
Suppose you had a large fortune, and
all luxuries bronght to your tLible, and
your wardrobe was full, and your home
was beautif sd by music and sculpture
and painting and thronged by the ele
gant and educated, and then some rough
mistortune-should strike you in the fact
and trample your treasures and taunt
your children for their faded dress an
and send you into c->merclal circles a
underling where once you waved a scep
ter of gold. Do you think you would
cry them? I think you would. But
Christ comes and meets all such today
Ile sees -ill the straits in which you hav<
been thrust. Ile observes the sneer o
that man who once was proud to wall
in your shadow and glad to get yout
help. Ile sees the protested note, the
uncanceled judgment, the foreclose
mortgage, the heartbreaking exaspera
tion, and lie says: "Weep not. I owil
the cattle on a thousand hills. I -ill
never let you starve. From my hanc
the fowls of heaven peck all their food
And will I let you starve? Never-no,
my child, never."
Perhaps it may be a living home trou
ble that you cannot speak about to your
best friend. It may be some domestic
unhappiness. It may be an evil eus.
picion. It may be the disgrace follow
ing In the footsteps cf a son that Is way
ward, or a companion who is cruel, or a
father that will not do right, and for
years there may have been a vulture
striking its beak into the vitals of your
soul, and you sit there today feeling it
is worse thau death. It is. It is worse
than death. And yet there is relief.
Though the night may be the blackest,
though the voices of hell may tell yoU
to curse God and (lie, look up and heal
the voice that accosted the woman ol
the text as it says, ''Weep not."
Earth hatli no sorrow
That hoaven cannot cure.
I learn again from all this that Christ
Is the master of the grave. Just outside
the wate of the city )eath and Chuist
measured lances, and when the yon
man rose Deaath dlroppe~d. No .v we are
sure of our resurrection. Oh, what a
scene it was when that young man caime
back! Thle mother never expected to
hear him speak again. She never thiought
that lie would kiss her again. How the
tears started and how her heart throb
bed as she said, "Oh, my son, my son,
my son!" And that scene is going to be
repeatedI. It is going to ha rep~eated 10.
000 tImes. These broken family circles
have got, to come t~ogether. These ex.
tinguished householdi lights have got to
be rekindled. There will be a stir in the
fa'ntly lot in the cemetery, and there
will be a rush into life at the commlandl,
"Young man, I say unto thee arisel"
As the child shakes oft the (dust of the
tomb and comes forth fresh and fair and
beautiful, and you throw your arms
around it, and press it to your heart,, an
gel to angel will repeat the story of
INain. "Hie dleliveredl him to his mo
ther."' Did you notice that passaige in
the text as I read it? "Hie delivered
him to his mother."' Oh, ye troubled
souls! Oh, ye who have lived to see
every pirospect blasted, peeledl, scattered,
consumned! Walt, a little. The seed
time of tears will become the wheat har
vest, in a clime cut o1110 wintry blast,
nder a sky palled by no hurtling tem-.
pest, andi amid Iedleemedl ones that weep
not,, that part not,, that, (lie niot, friendl
will come to friend, rand kindred will join
kindred, and the long precesaion that
marches the avenues of gold will lilt up
their palms as again and~ again it, Is an
nounced that the same one who came tc
the relief of this woman of' the text came
to the relief of many a maternal heart,
and repeated the wonders of' resurrec
tion, andl ''delivered him to his mother,'
Oh, that will be the harvest, oh the world.
That will be the coronation or princas.
That will be the Sabbaith of' eternity.
Care of Decliutas Teeth.
The child receives its first temporary
tooth about the fifth month after
birth, the dlentitlon being completed at
the age of two years. It has been often
said that the nurse cannot be too care
fuli that these teeth are cleaned with a
soft brush and warm water. The child
usually retains these teeth until the
eruption of the peranent set, the first
permanent tooth nopearing about the
sixth year. The dec~idunous teeth should
be carefully watched, and when a tooth
shows decay consult your dentist, and
have it fi lled.- At this stage the filling
is not expensive, and will save the
child much pain and trouble from an
aching tooth. TLhe early extraction of
the dcciduous teeth often causes the
irregularities of the perament set.
They should be retained until the jaw
has fully expanded to receive the per
ament teeth. Teach the child the neces
sity of keeping the ieeth clean aind
pure. The early use of the toothbrush
will establish a habit that will, in after
years, be considlered a necessity tc
health and personal cleanliness.
DA~RL1NGTONAug. 21.-Trial .J uatlce
F'loyd held a preliminary examination
in the case of the parties charged with
firing into the train on the day of thre
dispensary trouble. A number of wit
nesses were examined but the evideice
was so slight that the trial justice die
missed the case. The names of those
charged with the offense are as follows:
0. 8. Nettles,J. C. Wilicox,W. (3. Byrd,
8. HI. Wilds, C. 8. McCullough, E. Mc.
Iver Williamson, L. M. N orment and
T. P. Edwards. Thie accused were
i presented by Boyd and Brown, and
tS tate by W. F. Clayton of Florence.
Thsresult of the examination was a
giasdisappointment to Detective
Nebland hre is very much crest
flnathis faibnra to makiaoat a ca/
THE CROP CONDITIONS.
TheWeekly Mulietin of the Stmiq Weataiher
The following Is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops in the State for the past week, as
issued yesterday by State Observer J.
The weather continued hot with a
maximum temperature of 102 at Oak.
wood on the 14th and 103 at Ella on
the 15th. After the 17th It was some.
what cooler. The lowest temperature
occurred generally on the morning of
the 20th. During the Glrs ot the week
the temperature was in excess of the
average, while about normal or slight
ly below during the latter part.
The sunshine was slightly deficient
but not enough so to be injurious,
rather favorable on the whole.
The most rainfall of the week occur
red on the 15th and 16th, in the form of
scattered showers, heavy in places, ac
companied by high wind and some hail
that did severe damage locally, break
ing down corn and grounding cotton.
On the whole the rainfall was poorly
distributed, many places having re
ceived too much while other portions
of the State more rain wo'uld be bene
The weather during the past week
has generally been favorable for grow
ing and maturing crops but cotton has
not recovered from the effects of the
previous excessive rains, and reports
on its conditions still indicate shedding
of squares and fruit on light sandy
soil where also the plant lacks a heal
thy color. Fear is expressed that there
will be no top crop on such land. In
some localities the fruit does not seem
to bes proportional to the amount of
weed, being espiecially true on richer
land where the plant is also shedding
freely. The condition of cotton is by
no means uniform throughout the
State and ranges from fair to very
good, but no where poor except possi
ly fields here and there which were
poorly cultivated and on bottom land
which was overflowed where its condi
tion ranges from fair to poor.
Caterpillars did some slight damage
in places. Bolls are maturing and open
Ing rapidly in the Southern counties,
where picking has begun in a small
way. It is maturing slowly and is
from one to two weeks late in the up.
per portions of the State. The first
bale of the season reached Charleston
I on the 15th from Barnwell county.
The condition of corn has not
changed and the prospects continue
promising for a very large crop, except
that corn planted on oats stubbles is
not doing as well as the early planted,
the ground having been too wet to per
mit the necessary cultivation to clean
Fodder pulling is nearing completion
in the southern and eastern couties
and continues general in other portions
of the State; the weather was fairly
favorable for curing the large crop in
Rice harvest has begun and the form
er prospects of a large yield will be ful
Sweet potatoes and late planted Irish
potatoes are thriving except that fear
is expressed that the former run too
much to vine.
Sugar cane or sorghum is a very fine
crop, the cane containing much juice,
but possibly, slightly delicient in sac
Pleas are growing luxuriently and the
varieties planted for peavine hay will
yield a large crop.
Large quantities of turnip seeds con
tinue to he sown and the weather la
vors quick germination and rapid
Gardens are growIng nicely except
that cabbages and tomatoes are rotting
badly in some counties.
Grapes are ripening in the northeast
ern counties but th e yield will be con
fIned to a few late varieties only.
Rates for the state Fair.
CoLUMBIA, S. C., August 22 -It is<
very hard to imagine what Mr. dlaugh
ter, assistant commissioner of the
Southern Passenger Association,or any
of the roads in the association, has
against Columbia.and against the State
of South Carolina and its annual State
fair. Last year the discrimination of
the association against the State fair,
in the matter of granting rates, was so
ilagrant that the commissioner receiv
ed just censure on all sides. The corn
missioner would not, under any kind
of pressure, announce any rate at all
till the very last minute, and then gave
such a rate that the fair was practical
ly killed, the announcement being
made only three days before the fair I
opened. Competitive attractions at
different points were allowed much
Now the commissioner, while lie
makes the announcement-so far as
time is concerned-all right, has delib
erately gone to work and quoted a rate
for an attraction, which has al ways
drawn thousands of people, that is ex
actly what any cross roads,or any other
gathering can obtain for its delegates.
But here is the announcemeht, which
has just been sent out by the lair so
ciety, andl it speaks for itself:
"Secretary Holloway begs to inform
the public through the press of the
State, that as to rates of passage for
the State Fair, November 12th to 16th,
Mr. M. Slaughter, assistant commis
sioner of the Southern Passenger As
sociation, writes as follows:
"'Lines interested having agreedi
rates of one fare for the roun'i trip
plus 50 cents admission coupon, from
points in Southi Carolina and Augusta,
Ga., and from Charlotte, Wilmington,
and intermediate points, to Columbia,
and return, for the above occasion, are
"'rickets to be sold November 11th
to 15th inclusive, with linal limit No
vember 17tn, 18114.
" 'Tickets may be sold to bona tide
exhibitors and help November 8th, 9th
and 10th, 1891.'
"The press of the State will greatlyj
oblige all interested by publishing the
The members of the Columbia board
of trade, who were jult taking steps
to provide unusual outside attractionsi
for the coming fair, are very outspoken -
in their criticisms, and say that such a|
rate cannot but seriously affect the at-i
tendance at the fair.
Kiliedi on the OJrossing.
P'ARIs, TENN., Aug. 22.-A terrible
accidhent happened on the Pad'ucah,
Tennessee and Alabama railroad this
afternoon. As the north bound train
was nearing Hazel Kirk, about ten a
miles noth of P'arla, in passing a cross
ing, it struck a wagon loaded with peo
ple and five of the occupants met thiefir
death. The unfortunate party was a
crossing the track as the train came I
thundering down upon them, and the la
horses became alarmed at the whistle t
which wvas sounded for the crossing e
and ran into the cattle guard. The
vehicle cauild not be extricated before
the locamotive had crushed into them.
The killed are: Misses Jennie and a
IlUlie Ray, aged 18 and 20 daughters of c
J. T . Ray, his son, Tobe hay, and two c
young ladies, Misses Hatmmon. A f
y4'ung man named Ray was badly in- c
j ;v-d. There is no blame attached to t
'nm-.~ The company gave all ri
isible to the injured pen. e
- OPE PASSES THE PRIMARY.
.10, .l Ltter IBe Talks A bout
Reas L1*0 a Skilled Jeweler.
COLUMBInA,. ),, Aug. 24.-Dr. Sam p.
soa Pand after surprising the Reform.
era and all others by not going into the
recent Reform primarieog now comps
out with another surprise. i1e also de
clines to stand as a candidate for Go
ernor in the general Democratic pri
mary nbxt Tuesday, on ace munt of- the
mystic power of "the ring,"
In withdrawing from the primary
race, Dr. Pope has also withdrawn his
pledge to the Democratic executive
committee to abide the result of that
primary, which appears very sig nil
cant, inasmuch as he need not have
gone to this trouble, unless he iad an
idea of making a filght in the coming
general election. The Doctor also urges
all voters to decline to participate in
the primary at all, as far as the guber
natorial race is concerned. Dr. Pope's
friends says he has no idea of making
a light in the general election, but it
looks now as if there is a very good
chance of such a ilght being made.
Dr. Pope does not say, in any instance,
that he will not be a candidate for
Governor of South Carolina.
Here is Dr. Pope's letter of with
To the Democratic voters of South
I am in receipt of numerous letters
from citizens of different counties in
this State, notifying me that hundreds
of Reformers deeire to vote for me, but
that no ticket has been gotten out.
The truth is, the machinery of the Re
form movement is in the hands "of the
ring," and voters are so much afraid of
the party lash that, whilst they are
willing and anxious to vote for me,
they are afraid to allow their names to
appear on a ticket. This is a deplora
ble state of affairs and only goes to
show ho w despotically they are ruled.
Under this state Of thing, it will be
impossible for me to get out a ticket
in the majority of 'the counties, and
therefore, it will be foolish for me to
longer continue in the race for Gover
nor. I have this day withdrawn my
pledge from the State executive com
mittee and take tbis opportunity to
say that I will not be a candidate at
Forty thousand Reformers and thir
ty-two thousand Conservatives are vir
tually'disfranchised, and fourteen thous
and ringsters dictate who shall hold
1 saw the danger of this, and when
the Conservatives, in a desire to per
petuate white supremacy in this State
and to conciliate the majority with a
view to peace, proposed that if they
were allowed to cast their vote for one
of the four Reformers running, that
they would be satisfied, I thought it a
fair and honorable proposition and one
which did them great credit and advo
cated its acceptance. Their offer was
refused at the dictation of a few blind
leaders, who were puffed up with their
importance without regard to the peace
and general welfare of the whole peo
ple. The Conservatives, I must say,
have shown in this, and in gracef ully
submitting since 1890 to the rule of the
majority, a spirit worthy of emulation.
Their treatment has been simply out
rageous and was enough to drive them
In retiring from this canvass, I do
sire- to thank those friends, who have
stood by me all over the State, especial
ly those in Darlington who had the
manhood to come out and endorse me.
I cannot forget the members of the
press whose treatment of me, with the
exception of three or four weekiies,hs
been magnanimous in the extreme.
In conclusion let me say to tile forty
housand Reformers who did not vote
n the late so-call primary, if you
rote, refrain from voting for Governor
it the primary on the 28th inst., and
hus put your seal of condemnation
ipon the ring methods which have
>een employed. Cut off that portion
If the ticket embracing tile names of
he delegates, or run your pen thlroulgh
heir names. You have a right to
his, andI only vote for members of the
.seneral Assembly and county oflicers.
August 23rd, 1894.SAPO PE
Fort Smith Shaken.~
Fon'rrr Sur'rrr, AK,., Aug. 19.
[Ast night, four powdar hIouses of thie
speel 11ardware Company, located two
niles from here on the Poteau River,
Ixploded. The powder houses are total
grecks. A small cabin niear by the
ome ofMrs. Cook, was blown to splin
,ers. Mrs. Ciok, her daughter, andi an
nfant, were hlurledl into eternity. The
)owder house contained 1,200 p)ounds( of
lynamite and 300 kegs 01 powder. T1he
ilhock was felt at Van Buren. Alma,
ireenlwood, .Jenny Lind. Hackett,
KC'vanaulgh aind many laces nearly
,wenty miles away. In Fort, Smith
,housand1s of dollars worth 01 property
vas destroyed. The~ opiera house8, Bas
tore, A rcade, J. ,J. Litle, Meyers & Co.,
Vaughn hard ware store, Fagan, ] cue -
and and Western Unan bulidinlgr were
everely dlam'Igcd1, wile along Sixt~h
troet andl Garrison avenue is a contin
Iedistory of wrecks. No explanation can
>a given for tile exlos0ion. It cou~ld not
rave beeni an accident and many rumor8
ire'.lying about. One is to the ell'ect,
lhnt a remnant of tile IDalion gang i*s
ibout to rob the hank here.
Another HIuoO Strike.
L'his morning tile coitonl operatives in
ingurated a general strike and nearly
ll,000 are idle. The machinery of but
lve of tile twenty-seven mills, in this
ity is In motion, and ii l6 thought that
.1108 mils will soon be shut down with
the othlers. Manufacturers have no0th
nig to say, but notices of reduct'.on,
lgainst which help1 rebel are still posted.
Secretary Ross of' tile Spinners' Union,
ntated this morning that the memb~ers of
is uiion have lined up for a long~ sf rug.
le and conf ldently expect that, it will bie
>f six mnonthls dulration. Thle strike
romises to be the most important, that
tas ever Occurred in the textile indusatry
n Massachlusetts. The mianulfacturers
nuit fight perfectly orgvanized unions,
rome of which are fairly wealthy. Nota
>fSnin tis particular is the Spinners'
Jcion, wvhich has a fund in its treasury
g'regating at least, $30,000. The spin1.
lers have voted, however, not to touch
ny of thlis money for a month,
S'r. P'A U L, Aug. 22.-Dispatches from
everal South Dakota points indicate
lhat the farmers have an un0usually
irge number of hogs, but, Owing to
bie failure of both tile whleat andl corn
rep, thley have nothing to feed them
vith. Tile porkers are not fit for thle
earket and their owners must get help
r allow them to starve by tihe thous
ode. A plan of action being engine-1
red by County Commissioner L-ecocq,
f D~ouglas county, meets with general
avor. The pan is that the county pur
hiase 80,00O bushels of wheat and dis
ribute it among the farmers, taking a
ote and bill of sale of the hogs intend
d to be fattened in hpayment for the
TlE INCOME l AX.
A stat'l n111an, n t I( seiPo ant P1. oVlPi.-JI
*and Who it Will R?8seh.
Nnw Yon.ic, Aug. 22.-The income
tax provision in the tariff bill begtns
to operate on Jan. 1, 1895, and contin.
ues until Jan. 1, 1900. The tax (2 per
cent.) is to be levied oni all incomes
above $4,000. It is to be paid not only
by all who restide within t he country,
on income (et ived from any source,
but by citizens of the United States
residing abroad, and by all residents of
foreign countries on incomes deilved
from property situated in the United
Statee or from busIness carried on here.
The tax is on the income of the year
previous to that for which it is levied.
inhrefore the first tax will be levied on
Incomes received in 1894.
There are two classes of Incomes re.
cognized by the bill-tile incomes of
individuals and the income o corpora.
tions. The taxable incoine of a corpo.
ration Is all its incomes above its opera.
ting expenses, including the aiul-OF paid
to shareholders. The tax of 2 per cent.
is paid by the corporation. Therefore
that part of an individual's income
which is derived from dividends on the
shares of a corporation that has paid
the tax is deducted, on his return, from
his own taxable income.
There are exemptions allowed by
the bill in computing an individual's
income besides to 84,C0. They are as
follows: The necessary expenses of
conducting a business, all interest paid
or due within the year, local taxes,
losses in trade or from fires, storing or
shipwreck, not compensated for by in
surance or otherwise; worthless debts,
and income on which the tax has been
paid by corporations.
As to corporations, charitable, rell
gious and educational corporations are
exempted, as are States, counties and
municipalities, building and loan as
sociations, savings banks having no
stockholders, receiving no more than
$1,C0 in a year from any one deposi
tor, and dividing all the yearly profits
among the depoeitors except a contri.
bution to a 10 per cent. surplus. Mu
tual companies, including insurance
companies are all exempt.
Every person having an income of
$3,500 must report it to the collector of
internal revenue for his district., or his
deputy. Salaries received from corpo
rations are reported by the corporations
to the collector of the recipient's dis
trict. The tax on the salaries of oill
cials of the United States Is to be de
ducted by the paymaster.
The collector may require a return to
be verified by oath. The collector or
his deputy may increase the amount of
income reported if "lie has reason to
believe that the same is underestima
ted." If there is a neglect or refusal
to make a return, or if a return is
fraudulent, the collector or his deputy
shall himself make a list, by examina
tion of the person taxed, or other evi
dence. A 50 per cent. penalty is to be
charged for neglect or refusal, and 100
per cent. penalty for fraud.
A person may declare that lie has
not 84,0C income liable t be assessed
or that he has naid his income tax else
where. If the collector or deputy is
convinced that the declaration is true
he may grant an exemption. If a re.
turn is increased by the collector or
deputy the person taxed may offer proof
that the increase is unjust, but the ofil
cer will not be obliged to take the facts
shown as conclusive, and it is within
his discretion to refuse relief. An ap
peal from his decision may be taken to
the (Comimissioner of Internal lteven ue,
If the corp~oratfon dloes not fIle its
statement a flne of $1,000 is to be lev
ied on it and 2 per c3nt. a month Is to
be chargeli on the amount of' tax due
untli it is paid.
The tax is pa~yable on .1 itly lst in
each year. If It is not paidl within
ten (lays after that a penalty of 5 per
cent, is to be charged, together with
interest at the rate of I per cenit. per
The Jute Trust Again .
The National Cordage Company,
other wise the Jute. .Bagging TLrust, is
playing a great ganme to keep the mar
ket cornered for the present year and
pull the farmer for all it can on the bag
ging needed this season. Tbe trust has
been keeping only a small stock of bag
ging on hand in anticip-ition of the
taril bill, which has taken oil the duty.
I t has been selling it, too, in small lots.
The suipply now on hand is hardly suil11.
cient to take care of thuis years' cotton
crop, and it is too late uinder the pre
sent conditions for the farmers and cot
ton men to talk about importing bag
ging from England. The facts in the
case from a Southern stand~oint are that
many of the cotton factors and farmerst
have laid in a supply of bagging with
which to handle a large part of their
crop, having bought it at a time when
thUXlow freight rates from New York
and other Northern points werec in
force, because they got it laid down
cheaper than they coul.i have done hadl
the regular freightli raes reumained in
force. TIhey wilt not therefore, need a
full supply with which to handlie their
crops, and the trust knows this. The
farmers arid factors would not, there
fore, be so readiy to begin im;.ri ing.
It is a fact, too, that owing to i.io fali
ing off in the diemandl the foreign milis
have been inactive, andi if orders were
given now they couild not be filled in
Lime for the crop. TIhe bagging trust
appreciates this situation, and is going
to push the market for all it is worth.
The Senate bill takes off the dutty of
2,22 cents, which was kept up by the
McKinley Act, and consequIently makes
the bagging ju.st th.at much cheaper.
As an example of the fact that the
trust is going to squeeze the farmer for
all it is worth, it may lbe statedl that not
a week ago bagging was advanced
three-quarters of a cent, a yard within
four or five (lays' time. The trust re
alizes that this is its last chance. TIne
consequence is tagging is advancing in
price every day or two. Unless some
thing can be0 done the chances are that
bagging will go much higher than it
has ever been since the Alliance tack led
he Jute 'Trust, One or time umanagors
>f the Cordage Company is quoted as
"Bagging will be bagging before the -
teason is over and we expect to recoup
ur losses on this season and look to the
ltepublicans to pt tus back under their
protecting wing in the future."
This not only bears out the indica
ifons, but shows they boast of the fact
~hat they will attempt to squeeze out
~very dollar they can. If the trust per.
mist In trying to force up the prices of
tte bagging the farmers should use A
mtgair sadcs or any other covering for
~otton in order to (defeat it. SI
Five Men Drovoeud,
OJJvMrrA, Wash., Aug. 20.-A spc
l to thne Le~dger from O,:oua n'ys that
~aiurday morning wile makmng a land
rig through the surf at Joe Creek, fifteen
alles North of Gray's har br, the whale
oat and crew of nine men in command.
f U'euleanuit Freeman II. Crosby,
Jtnitedl State Navy, of United States
east survey steamer McArthur, was
apsiA3d and ive men are missinug,
iamel3: Leut. Crosby, John Freyer,
obhn Cudminis, William Nehmn, Alexan
her Smlith, At present lull particuilars
~annot he ascertained owinig to the dfil
mlIty of gettinig news from that locality
Fired by Lightning,
JAO K$ONVILLE, Fla., Aug. 21-4
terrible elict ric storm raged here abogt
I o'clock tits morning. The Vestern
Union wifes were f'ised and for severni
hours the ctty was cut, oRt from com-1
minicatlon wita thae outside world.
During the storm lightning struck the
warehouse of the Staudard Oil Com.
pany, situated on, the river front and
set it on lire. There were about two
thousand barrels of oil ina the ware
house and not one was saved. The
warehouse,-which had been recently
oompleted and the pier were also total
ly destroyed. After becoming ignited
many of the barrels ot oil rolled into
the river and floated past the city In
llames, causing no little danger to ship.
ping. At intervals, the barrels would
3xplode with a tremendous report that
%wakened every person within five
miles of the scene. The total loss is
placed at $30,000, with no insurance.
K7PITF PAYS THE FREIGHI
M KIraiMn frme e Go*dsI
"'Id tor 4klfole APd Soa What You CM Smi
T $69 i2= $37
g"') (IInt uo,d to be a
-t ~t (*i-n* PA Itt ,it Stil I'S conelating
4 M-.a, Ai . RxMi C Chair Ditvak
I 2 .:d. . ..'I11 S4C. WIll deNyes
This No. i
- be deliver
-3 - ad to yt
*- -. de for
A 1&3 a :RWaG MACHiUn
with all al wi.- enits,. for
---ON LY SI.o -
deltivorod to ir depot
"Thn el:118F phd".i' ffe
ie l, r fthi
t'ho totan 1ftctur3 nr ;i. d all
ob o x potesn a mi1 II* tllfh m
,oyou for 144L,4"0
md guarante 'very nne a
,rge-. No freight paid
$ 02MC PIAW4
ctnt o .t -.og -o. 'f flurni ture, Oohmg,
vIge.hy1lne, t.gan., P*
To R-ta. 4)I- sv itfmps, sm., AndL
FPA DGMT T'M
on hae ares
fuel and Water
Has no Equal,
Peelntl Salo Stummer 1894. Th~e
iiine i' buIny Cheanp and Itasy. Si
. lai~tIt ~i ummer Offers that beat the
$50 saivedl every Piano purchaser.
$i0 to $20 ont every Organ.
S~Ix Spieia Offers, on our Popular Mid
Riainr lani. nuy in August, September
inu! O<'tober, and pay whon cotton comes
Smit (Unsh Prief. No li'torcet. Only a
.amal~I (;:.xIh Pavmenit reqitgreot, $25 on a
1 Piti. h .$1g s Orgu, bliu o uxi Novom
P.iymtu is to toit all. P'Ianos $5 to $10
mth~ully. Organs, $2 to $5.
Olur MiI-lnrumr oIforu sayo big money
oni all iplan.' o iYf pym t.
Newi F''ll Loaders ready. Bleauti
( fulanm ohap. Ternpting Bargalam.
Wrie t ocefor Mi-Sumnar Of
,) foi. ld only until November 1.
SLUDDEN & BATES
SOUTH ERN MUSIC W1OUSE,.
nd I1 Sol1 the IBest In thme'Market. Write
to me10HBfore Buying.
Glang lIip Saws,
and all kinds of
wood working machin
riMt Mills $ll5 to 8250.
Sa w Mills $190 to $400.
Watertowvn Engines and Boilerals
Talbott En.gnes and Boilers.
Seed Cott~on iklvators.
(Jottoh Gilns and Pk B
HI~li and LOW GRIAD