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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, September 06, 1894, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1894-09-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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A Double [omicide the Iqault of a FOnti.
Preciitated by Oribbin Serin a Pack
age of Goods Wlale Heareialug for COr
traband WhiskeY.
BLACKVILIE, S. C., Aug. 28.-This
afternoon at half past 2 o'clock, the
bloodiest tragedy ever enacted in this
quiet little village occurred on the main
street of the town, directly opposite the
passenger station, and Solomon Blown,
the 22-year old son of Simon Brown,
and John Gribbin, of the State Dispen
sary constabulary force. lie cold in
This double murder is the result of it
feud of long standing. At the time
when Tillman .wao first nominated as
(;overnor, Gribbin, then the town mar
shal,'was especially active in his cause,
thereby incurring the enmity of the Con.
servative citizens of the town, who in
the ensuing municipal election supported
and elected a council, the members of
which pledged themselves in advance
not to appoint Gribbin town marshal.
The influential Brown family were ear
nest supporters of the Conservative
faction and did much to bring about
the defeat of men who favored Gribbin's
continuance as town marshal. After his
defeat, and a short time prior to the
passage of the Dispensary Act, ( rib
bin posted a letter reAecting upon,Jews
which further widened the breach.
After his appointment as a member of
the State constabulary, upon three oc
casions he opened packages consigned to
various members of the Brown family,
which naturally engendered litter feel.
Today, about I p. i., he entered the
freight shed and opened a case of cloth.
ing from Baltimore consigned to Solomon
Brown, ostensibly to search for liquor
brought into the state in violation of
the Dispensary Act. Shortly before 2
o'clock Simon lrown, the father, meet
Ing Gribbin olhie street reproached him
for opening this particular package, ac.
cusing him of persecution. The argu
ment waxed warm and Simon Brown
was joined by his three sons, Solomon,
esadore and Herman. Gribbin offered
to fight any one of them and Isadore
Brown, a youth of about 20 years of age,
promptly accepted the challenge, asking
him to remove his coat and official
badge. Gribbin struck in the direction
of Isafore Brown, who parried the blow,
knocking Gribbin against the wall of
George A. Stitt's store.
At this junctnre pistols were drawn
by Solomon Brown, iierian Brown and
Gribbin and six or seven shots were
bred inl rapid succession. Gribihn .was
shot through the left shonler, and near
the heart, the ball entering the left
lung. lie staguered into Mr. Stitt's
store, firing at Solomon Brown, who fell
half way to the ground at the first shot,
which was quickiy followed hy two or
three others, one of which took 'efflect
in his head, penetrating the brain. An
other went in the right side and a third
entered at the back, perforating the
heart, causing aimoat iustant death.
Young Brown'.a remains were carried
to his home by friends who quickly
reached the scene of the awful tragc(ly.
Gribbin after being shot walked
through Mr. Sitt's store to the hack
yard, where he fell and died within ten
Solomon Bronl ni wvi the third son ol
Simon Bro.vn anid had1( receintly em
-barked in the furnishing goodls business
on his own account. .lHe was engaged
to lhe married to a younig lady In Savoui
nah anid a beautiful horl e to which lie
expected to conduct his young bride is
now under construction. lIe was an
especially shrewdl butsiness man, pop~ulatr
and courteous, and his untimely end is
deeply dleplored by all who knew him.
,John (4ribbin, the Diaspensary constLia
ble, was a naitivo of Irelaua ait 410
years of age, and came to Blackville as
town marshal in 1887, and was regardedl
a competent ofilcer, but rather lacking
In judgment. This position lhe rotainied
u nder several admiinisteationsi, losing it
when lie esploused the Tdlhnuau cause.
Before coming ton Blackville be had
-beeni successively a private mi the Bri
tish ar-oy, ini the United States Marine
corps, from which lie doserled, ind was
afterwards in the Filth United States
Art illery frcmi which lie was discharged.
lHe was an especially active member of
the constabulary force, and though ns
tecmed by the supporters of the D)s.
pensary Act, his course had made himn
very obnoxious to those inot in sympaiii
thy therewith, ie leaves a widoti andl
four chilldren.
About, 4 p. mn. Coroner II.P'. D)yches
* who it is asseri~ed firea the shot whiici
killedl young Brown from iniside isi
store, empaneled a jury to view the ro.
mains of the dead const able aind pro -
ceedod to a trove neiar by to hold t~he
inquest. After examin g II. D..John-.
son, J. GI. Strobel and1( partially exami.
ming Gieo. A. Sti~t,, as witnesses to
more or less of the unfortunate aillray,
a communication from Solictor GI. Dun
can Bellinger was placed in his hands
suggestIng that in view of the faict it
was openly charged lie had lredl at least
one shot (lurmng Ilhe mueto, it would be
better that lie should not, preside at the
moquest. In this opinion, however, the
jury did( not concur andl inistcd upon
concluding its dluties.
The ex-umination of Mr. Stitt was re
sumed when a bailiff fromi the sheriff's
office notified the coroner that the slier.
ff was on his way to the inquest which
he desired should be held by Trial Jus
tice Hlammet. Notwithstanding t~his of
f Icial message, however, the jury per.
sasted in the performance of Its duties.
Coroner iDyches, who had interrogatedl
the witnesses as to whether or not they
had seen him f~re a shiot, at, Solomon
Brown and(, also, if it was possible for
Gtibblii to have shiot vouing Ihown m i
the hack In tie posmilon they 0ccupied
repectively, to which lhe recived nega
tivereplies in both cases, was not at all
loath to conduct the Inquest to ani end,
and evInced no0 desire to exercise his
~erogative to adjourn the proceedings.
S The examination of Mr. S~Iitt was
agaIn resumed, when Sheriff Lancaster,
acora~panied by TrIal Justice Hiamnmet,
appeare( Oil the econe, and summoning
the coroner drow an eilicial document
trom his pocke, and plaeod him under
arrest., charged with the murder of Solo.
mon Brown. This sensatiomal dielou
ment, Caused tle immiiediate cessation of
the inquest. Trial Justice IHammet
proceeded at once to empanel a jury
anl(d summon witnesses. The facts
elicited are in accordance with the
above, and the verdict of the jury over
the remains of John Orlhbin is that
deati was ctused bv a pitstol shot
wound from a pistol in the bands of
Ilermon Brown, and that Simon and
Isadore Brown are accessories before
and after the fact. The inquest over the
remains of young Brown is set for 8 a.
in. Wednesday morning.-Reigister.
15LAOKVILLE,'Aug.29.-Trial Justice
IHammet, acting coroner, this morning
proceeded to hold an inquest over the
remains of Solomon Brown, killed yes
Oerday afternoon in the Brown-Gribbin
affray. A number of witnesses were
oxamined who testified that IHermon
Brown, the 17 year old son of Simon
Brown, and youngest brother of the
deceased, fired the first shots directly at
Gribbin. ie discharged his pistol in
withdrawing it from the case, the ball
penetrating his left hand. No testino
ny was adduced to prove that Solomon
Brown fired a single shot, although one
witness testifled that Isodore Brown
commenced fireing simulatneously
with Gribbin.
The witnesses agreed in the Rtate.
ment that in the positions occupied by
Gribbin and young Brown it was im
possible for the former to have shot
the latter in the back. It is claimed
both Simon and Isadore Brown were
It was proved that 11. L'. Dyches, the
coroner, who was arrested on the
charge of murder while holding the in
quest over the remains of Gribbin,
entered his store, secured a pistol and
returned to the street during the fight.
Several witnesses swore point blank
that Dyches did not tire, but another
testified that a shot was fired from
Dyches's store, after which Solomon
Brown fell. This is supposed to be the
shot which entered at the back pene
trating Brown's heart.
The jury returned a verdict that Sol
omon Brown's death was caused by
pistol shot wounds inflictod by John
Gribbin and othor parties or party
unknown to the jury. Warrants have
been Issued for the arrest of Mes
srs. Simon, Isadore and lermon
Brown, but will probably not be served
until after the funeral of Solomon
Brown, which occur in Augusta to
morrow upon arrival of the South Car
olina and Georgia train. The remains
of this lamented young man will be ac
compained to their final resting place
by the members of his large family ani
many citizens, and a detachment froi
thie Gordon Volunteers of which h
was a member.
The autopsies reveal that 13ro wn was
shot six times and Gribbin four. The
witnesses testilecd to the firing of but
seven or eight shots, two by Hermon
lBrown, ilve by Gribbin and the shot
fired from DycheWs store. Oae bullet
impinged against the brick wall and
another crushed through the glass of a
display window in Dyches's store.
From this it appcars that not less than
twelve shots were fired. It is known
that a great many people witnessed the
shootingc who were not brought for
ward as witnessies at the inquests.
Those parties will ho called upon to
testify at the trials which will enzsue
and the discrepancy will doubtles be
cleared lip.
I. am advtscd that Gribbin was con
tinued as marshal of Milackville until
.)tober, 1893, and that his removal
wasi brought about by this arbitrary
tra~timent of citiz 'ens and o verbeari ng
and overzealous mnanner- in the dis.
charge of his just and imnwinary duties,
and that his political ailllations timd
nothing to do vwith the opposition.
Gribbins's remains wrore interred in]
the city cemetery this morning, the ser
vices being conducted by the knightE
of Phythdi of which lie was a mamber
Whalit Tniman .S.yr.
Coftui iA S. C., Aug. 30 -Governoi
Titlman was asked yesterday by report
oe for Conservative papers to explain
the light Rteform vote thiroughout the
Etate. Ile said:
"'Until somebody explains why th(
Conservatives of Columbia and Char.
leston did not turn out and vote, it ii
not nccessary for us to say anything
about thme light Reform vote. Tihe
Conservatives have every tt'ng thieir
way in these two cities and the Re.
formers have e5verything their way in
the country, and1( they didn't exert
themselves. In mtost or the counties
there was no opposition ticket to spur
the Reformers to action. The reitera
tion of the cry of a ting is not going to
scare anybody or muster ump any votes,
[ give notice now that we are not go
ing to haive any Alabama, business i
bouthi Carolina in November, If these
p~eopto want to wvarm thus black snake
into life and join forces witth it, umndei
the ilea of D)emocracy, we are ready tc
meet thoem and give them the worst
drubbing thiey ever had ini their lives,
The defeated p'liticians wvho cannot
get a majority of the white vote, and
want to get elected by joining forces
with the negro, may as welt undherstandl
this. i'll never beiv e until I see it that
any considerable number of' the Con
servatives wilt make this desperate ef
fort to regaina political power at such
terr ile risk, for every sensible man
knows that when the negro is brmougt
in as thes balance of power bet ween theO
contending white factions tthe Statt
will sink fito ai deeper gulf of mie
and misgovernment thian existert fromi
that which we emerged in 1876;. Al
thte oflices in tihe world are not worti
such a price. My Democracy means
white supremacy, fIiand those wh<
have backed me wilt not join force with
the negro. Let those who do justiry ii
to the people."
The Uoior LIne.
Fos4'o'nuA, 0., Aug. 26.-A decide(
sensation was createdl here by the mar
riage last night of the Rev. Mr. Thomp
son, of thes Methodist church of' thm
city, to Miss Blibble lflawk, who is ii
mulatto. Shte Is an attractive young
woman, well edlucaitedh, refIned and1( 5
great church worker. She was a mem
tier oh the Rev. Mr. Thompson's co'
gregatlon and for the last five years, hE
his beIen pasying her marked attention
ilis congregation remonstrated vigor
ously, and1( finally, a few weeks ago, hie
was given indefinite leave of absence
and thu churnchn was cloe.
The Corrusponcdenco 1vetweell tho Gover
nor Paid Col. Blike Jlrown Awb't tie
Remnioval of 1.he Dead Uonstable--A Let
tor Whici Was Recuive! Toso Late.
COLUMBIA, 8. C., Aug. 30.-The terri.
ble tragedy of Tuesday at ]3lackville
was the subject of much talk in Co.
lumbia yesterday, and general regret
was expressed.
As the tragedy was the result of a
personal altercation and not because of
the Dispensary law Governor Tillman
did not get much information about
tho affair.
The Governor expressed his regrets.
When his attention was called to the
criticism of Col. Mike Brown, he said
that if Colonel Brown had notified him
earlier of the personal feeling existing
he would have -removed Gribbin to an
other field. Inasmuch as Colonel Brown
made public mention- of the matter
Governor Tillman at the request of the
newspaper reporters gave to the press
the communication regarding the
The following is Colonel Brown's
letter anr was received yesterday morn
ing by Governor Tillman:
Barnwell, S. C., Amr. 28. 1894.
"To ills Excellency B3. I. Tillman,
Governor, Columbia, S. C.
"My )ear Sir: I regret very much
the necessity of complaining to you
about any matter, but the recent out
raaeous and unwarranted actions of
Constable Gribbin at Blackville in seiz
ing and opening a small box consigned
to my wife by express is of such aggra
vating character that I feel it my priv
ilege and duty as a law-abiding citizen
to bring the matter to your attention
and request the removal of Gribbin. I
am advised by Mr. Rtichardson, route
agent of the express company, that a
report of the seizure has been sent to
you. I am not dealing in whiskey, nor
interested in any one who would be
disposed to violate the Dispensary law,
and it I was I certainly would not de
grade myself so far as to a'tempt to
smuggle whiskey in my wife's name,
and I write you in regard to the mat
ter, feeling sure that you would not up.
hold or allow any constable in the em
ploy of the State to aggravate,insult and
trample upon the rights of the people
-a lady-to gratify a personal grudge
under pretense of carrying out the
law. This man Gribbin is a low down
scoundrel without intelligence or judg
ment and totally unfit for so high i
position. As a proof on this point, 1
refer to the following circumstances
Some time ago lie got mad with m
father about some matter and to veni
his spite stated that on a certain (lay a
Blackville he would publicly expost
the Jews. My brother met him on the
streets and characterized him piublicly
with oaths and curses, and lie did not
resent it, (which any respectable man
as you know, would certainly do.) Ills
animosity extends to every member of
the family, and it was to aggravate me
and in (A spirit of revenge that 1he seiz
ed a package addressed to my wife,
which had not the slightest sign or evi,
dence of containing whiskey.
"I enclose you a letter received froni
Mr. Buckiglian this morning (which
please return when you have read.)
While Gribbin, in this instance, ap
pears to have been acting within the
pales of the law, I am sure that your
Excellency would have approved and
excused him, in granting Mr. Bucking.
ham's reqiuest and allowing the cam
p~hor and alcohol to b~e forwardled to tile
sick lady, and his refusal to do so, uin
der the circumstances, knowing that it
was ordered and needed for a sick lady
shows that he lacks any feeling, jud~g
ment or discretion, and is not qumalilled
for the position. I understand that he
is a straggler left here by Sherman 't
raiders. When lie came to iilackville
he was compelled to leave Alken. An
investigation will satisfy you as to hih
character, and I f eel that ils removal
is, mn justice to myself and~ tile protec
tio;n of the community. I am yours
very respectfully, Mit ]lowN.
TIhe following is the enclosed lettel
referred to:
llarnweil, S. C., 27th1 August, 189) .
"Col. Mike Jirown, liarnweli, S. C.
"Dear Sir: Complying with your re
quest of even (late, I hlere with furnisi
you with a statement of the seizure o1
a gallon of alcohlol and one pound1( 01
gum camphor by Constable Gribbin, ai
Blackville, vome few weeks ago.
"My mather was in a dying conditior
and hecr doctor ordered that she lhe free
ly blathled in alcohol, strongly improg
natedl with camphor.
"There was no alcohol to lbe had ii
Barnwell and my father ordered it
along with some groceries, from hm:
grocer 1in Charleston,but instructed thle
grocer to shlip thle alcohol and camnphoi
by express, thlinkcing that we would re
ceive it sooner~ thman if it were shlippem
with grocerics by freight. Thie pack
age was seized at lilackville by Mr
Gribbin. I, binrg unkno wn to him11, ani
desiring to get tile drugs as soon e
possible, got Mr. I[ammett, thle rail
roadl agent hlere, to wi re him and stati
that the articles were for nmedicina
u15a and wore urgently needed. Mr
ilammett is well known to him and
(desired 'to have the truthfulness an(
goodl faith of my request for tihe re
leasE) of thle stuff vouched for by semi
one Mr. Gribbin couldl rely upon, as lii
did not know me.
"Mr. I lammnett explained tile case,bul
he still refuised delivery, claiming it
was 'rum' and hasi since posted notic:
of its seizurc a-s rum, but makes n<
mnention of' the camphor. I recognizati
tile fact, that it was strickly speaking s
legal seizure, and have no complaint t<
make on1 thait score. I do hold, though
that anly constale who hlas suillicit
judgmlent to (entitle him11 to an ajppoint
ment shlould~ exercise his judgment
in a case oft tis kind and release goods
u~nder circumsfltanices which were
vouchedi for as ill tis casel5, andl I fur
ther believe that, 1his superior oilcoi
would have held( huimt harmless(' for s<
using hlis judgmnt.
"I do not write) this in hlopes of get
ting back the seized goodI~s. Commiis
stoner Traxler has alread~y decliined die
livery on the grond~ thait tile silppei
marked package "Groceries," and~ thlere
by attempted an evasion of the law
The grocer marked t~hem 1111 his on h
own responsibillity and not by mny inl
structions from uis. 'Very truly yours
Governor Tiillinan yesterday sent the
following answer to Colonel Brown:
"Columbia. S. C., August 20, 1893.
"Mr. Mike Brown, Barnwell,S. C.
"Dear Sir: "Your letter of the 28th
has just been received. Had you writ.
ten sooner, whether your complaint is
just or not, I would have seen to it
that you had no cause for censure, by
removing Mr. Gribbin to another Held
and thus the lamentable tragedy which
has darkened your own household and
loft a widow with four children to
struggle alone with the world, might
have been averted.
"'As a usual thing constables are al
ways sent from home and had I known
that there was any cause of friction
Mr. Gribbin would have been detailed
for duty outside of Barnwell County.
"It is needless for me to nay that I
regret the sad catastrophe which could
have so easily been averted had you
written your letter sooner.
"Very respectf ully,
"B R ILLM1AN,Uovernor."
S.-In regard to the alcohol be
longing to Mr. Buckingham, his own
letter is a sufficient answer. Alcohol is
kept for sale by all the Dispensers and
the package in question was marked
'groceries.' Mr. Buckingham coula
have gotten the alboliol legitimately
and when he risked smuggling it in
stead of buying from a Dispensary he
has no just cause of complaint. Con
stables have no discretion in such
cases. To release contraband liquor
under such circumstances would mean
instant removal. Mr. Biuckingham
should have had the camphor and alco
hol mixed in Charleston. It was not
medicinal until it was mixed.
"3. I. T."
The 1%rsisonnei if i lie College the Comning
'OLMur A, S. C. Aug. 0.-The coni
petitive examinations for the scholar
ships in each county in the Winthrop
Normal College were held on ,July 17
last. The reports of tho results have
been very slow in coming in to the Su.
perintendent of Education. Nearly all
however, have now been received and
Superintendent Mayfieid yesterday
made public the names of the winners,
giving the personnel of the college for
the coming session, which begins next
The list of the winners by counties,
with postollice adlress, is as follows:
Abbeville-First scholarship, Nellie
L. Cochran, Abbeville; second scholar
ship, ,Julia icGhee, Greenwood.
Aiken-No report as to either.
Anderson-First scholarship, Margie
Major, Donver; second scholarship, Li1
lie lBoggs, Equiiality.
-.larnwell-First scholarship, Hattie
l. Newsom. Williston; second scholar
ship, Rosa Fisiburne, liamberg.
Beaufort-First scholarship, t.,stelle
W. Rticbardson, B3eaufort; second schol
arahip, Laura 0. Bellows, 3eautort.
Berkeley-First scholarship, incum
bent held over; no report as to second.
Charleston-First scholarship, Julia
C. Steinimeyer, Charleston; second
scholarship, E. A. Dargan, Charleston.
Chester-First scholarship, Nannie
McAAliley, Chester; second scholarship,
Janie Thompson, Chester.
Chesterileld--Frst scholarship, Dora
McLean. Cheraw; second scholarship,
Marion (4. Godfrey, Cheraw.
Clarendon-First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship, ,Janet Vells,
Collton-FIrst scholarship holds
over; second scholarship holds over.
Darlington-First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship holds over.
i-dgefield-First scholaiship holds
over; second scholarship 110lds over.
Fairlield-First scholarship holds
over; second scholarship holds over.
Florence--First scholarship, Nellie
liristow, Florence; no report as to sec
Georgetown-First scholarship, Ma
ria R. IHeriot, Georgetown; second
scholarship, M. N etta D~avis, George
Greenville-No report as to either.
Hampton-First scholarship, llattie
Lightsey, JBrunson; no report as to sec
Ilorry-First scholarship, Lillian D).
Stalvey, Socastee; no report as to sec.
Kershaw-First scholarship, Lena
Kirkley, Camden; accondl scholarship,
Lou M. Stover. Flat Rock.
Lancaster-First scholarship, Ella
Mackey, L ancaster; second scholarship,
Mamie Stover Oakhurst.
Laurens--Flrst scholarship, ilei
Hunter, High P'oint; second scholar
ship, 10mily N. Smith, Clinton.
Lexington-First scholarship, May
l laltiwanger, Lexington, secondi schol
arship, Nina Ihenry, Lexington.
Marion-First scholarshi p hold(s
over; second scholarship holds over.
Marlboro--First scholarship, holds
over; second scholarship, Margie Mc
Laurin, McCall Station.
Newberry-First scholarship, 1Emily
Scott, N ewberry; second scholarship,
Gertrude Simpson, l'rosperity.
Oconee- lirst scholarship, Lizzie
Grant, Walhialla; second scholarship,
-Ellie Stribling, WValhalla.
I O)rangeburg--First scholarship, Mag
I gie Connor, O)rangeburg; second schmol
-arship, E0dna TLatum, hamberg.
ilckens-First scholarship, ,Jessie
I Herry, lBriggs; second scholarship,
-Emily Johnson, Easley.
-IRichland-Flrst scholarshi p, 10. Isa
h elle Lindsay, Colnmbla; se'condi schol
arship, Marion M. Means, Columbia.
Spartanburg-First scholarship, lies
siae 10. Floyd, Spartanburg; second
scholarship, 13. 8. Wright, Fairmont.
Sumter-First scholarship, Mary 11.
Sanders, I oyk Ins; second scholarship,
Linnie C. Mc1aur-in, Sumter.
Union -l-'rst scholarship holis over;
secondl scholarship holds over.
WIlliamsburg-F I r s t scholarship
holds over; aecondi scholarship holds
Y'ork-First scholarsip, 1Emma Ken
nedy, Y'orkville; second scholarship,
Masgaret L. Brice, Y'orkville.
- OND)ON, Aug. 20.-A dispatch from
Tien-Tini to the TIimnes says: An im
perial edilct which has just appeared,
condlemns the ollicers responsible for
the recent outrages on missionaries arsdl
ordiers that they lbe beheadedi. Trho
actual criminals are rebuilding lihe
chapels andl liberal compensation will
be0 given to relatives of' the victims.
IA lluing Chang has expressed regret
to the British Minister. It is reported
in Yokohama that lifty Japanese cam
phor-nmakers in Formosa have been
t is a Vast improvenent on Exeiting Prc
teetion Laws-lie Scores the Democrats
Who lielped to Pans the So-Oalled Tariff
Reform Measure.
WASIiiN(iTON, Aug. 27.-President
Jleveland has written the following let
or to Rspresentativoi Catohings of Mis.
iesippi, in which he sets forth his views
of the new tariff law and vives his rea
on0 for not approving the bill:
WASHINGTON, D. C., August 27.
Ion. C. T. Catchiugs.
My Dear Sir: Since the conversation
had with you and Mr. Clark of Ala
>ama a tow days ago, in regard to my
Lction on the thrif' bill now before me,
have given the subject further and
ncst serious consideration. The result
s, I am more settled than ever in the
letermination to allow the bill to be.
,ome a law without my signature.
When the formation of legislation,
vhich it was hoped would embody Dam
wcratic ideas of tariil reform, was lately
mtered upon by the Congress nothing
ivas further from my anticipanion that a
eeult, which I cculd not promptly and
tnthusiastical'y endorse. It Is, there
'ore, whith a feeling ol the utmost dis
Ippointment that I submit to a denial of
his privilege.
I do not claim to be better than the
masses of my party nor do I wish to
%void any responsibility which, on ac
ount of the passage of tnis law, I ought
Lo bear as a member of the Democratic
)reanization. Neither will I permit my.
ielf to he separated from my party to
uch an extent as might be implied by
my veto of tariff legislation, which,
Lhough disappointing, is still chargeable
10 Democratic effort. But there are pro
visions in this bill which are not in line
with honest tariff reform, and it con
tains inconsistencies and crudities which
nught not to appear in tarifi laws or laws
Af any kinds. Besides there were, as
you and I well know, incidents accom
panying the passace of the bill through
the Congress which made every sincere
tarill reformer unhappy, while in lluences
surroun -'ed it in its latter stages which
iinerfered with its final construction and
which ought. not 1.0 be recoenimized or
tolerated in Democratic tarIff reform
counsels. And yet, notwithstanding all
its vicissitudes and all the had treatment
it received at the hands of pretended
friends, it presents a vast improvmnnt
to existing conditions. It will certainly
lighten many a tariff burden that now
rests heavily upon the people. It is not
only a barrier against the return of mad
protection, but it furnishes a vantage
ground from which must be waged fur
ther aggressive operations against pro
tected monopolies and governmental
I take my place with the rank and
file of the Democratic party who believe
in tarlif reform and who know what it
is who refuse to accept the results em
bodied in this hill as the close of the
war; who are aware of the fact, that
the liv3ry of Democratic tariff reform
has been stolen and worn in the service
of IRepublican protection and who have
marked the places where the deadly
light of treasfn has blasted the counsels
of the brave in their hour of mimzht.
The trusts and combinations, tihe com
munion of pelt, whose machinations have
p~reventedl us from reaching the success
we dleserved1, should not, he lorigotten or
forgiven. We shall recover from our
astonishment at their exhibition of
power, and if the question is lirced
upon us whether they shall submit to
the free legislative will of the people's
representatives, or shall (dictate the laws
which the people must obey, we will
accept, and settle that issue as one in
volving the integrity and safety of Amern
can institutions.
I love the principales of true Demo.
cracy becaiuse they are founded in pa
triotism and upon justice and fairness
towardl all interests. I am proud of my
p~arty organizition, because It, is conser
vatively sturdy and persistent in the en
forcemnen t of its princip~les. Therefore,
I do not despair of the ellorts made by
the House of' Reresentatives to sup~ple
mont the bill already passed by further
legislation, and to have engraf ted upon
it such modifications as will more nearly
meet Democratic hopes and aspirations.
I cannot be mistakeni as to the neces
sity or tree raw materials as the foun
dation of logical and sensible tarifl re
form. Th'Ie extent to which this is ie
cognized in the legislation already so
cured Is one of its encouraging andi re
deeming featuiree; but it is vexatious to
recall that, free coal and iron ore have
beeni deniiedi us. A recent letter of the
Secretary of the TIreasulry discoses the
tact that both might, have been made free
by the annual surrender of only abont
$700,000 of nnecessary revenue.
I ani sure that there is a common ha b-)
it, of underatimating the importance of'
free raw materials in tariff legislaition,
andi of' regaLrdling them as only related to
concessionis t.o be made to our manniact
urers. Tihe tiruth is, their influence ls so
far reaching that if disregarded a comn
plete andi beneficient schleme of tarill'
reform canniot be srecessfully inaugu
ratedl. When we give to our manaiiiict
urers free raw materials we unshackle
American enterprises anal ingenuity and
those will open the doors of foreign mark
et~s to the reception of' our wares and
give opportunity for the conitimued ro
mnunerative emiploymnen t of' American
labor'. With meterials cheapened oy
their freedom f'romi tariff chaiyes thme
cost of t.heir p~rodulct must lbe correspondl
ingly cheapened. Thereupon justice
andI fairness to the consumer would dhe
mand that, thme manufacturers be obliged
to0 submit, to such readjustment and
modification of the tariff upon theIr fin
ished goodse as would secure to the peo
pie the bene fit, of thme redfucedl cost, of
their manufacture, and shm ield the con
anmer agalnst the exaction of mordinate
prolits. It, will t.hus he seen that free
raw material and a just and fearless re
gulation and redluction of' the tarifi' to
meet, t~he chiaingedl condlitionis would carry
to every humble home In t~he land t~he
blessings of increased comfor t and cheap.
er living. Tlhe milliona of my countrymn
Who have fought bravely and well for
arifr reform should be exhorted to con
,inue the struggle, boldly challenging to
>pan warfare and constantly guarding P
tgainst treachery and half heartedness
u their camp.
Tariff reform will not be settled until
, is honestly and fairly settled in the in
,erest and to the bencfilt of a patient and
ong sull'erlng people.
Yours very tiuly,
in Imp 4atfloned Donand for an Uprilsng
Against Evans. ti
The last issue of the Sumter Freg i.
nan prints a long letter from Col. E. b
i. KeiLt, of Newberry, a prominent al- E
tance man, of which the following is a
theconclusion: a
Alliancemen, we have entered the e
breakers, great Issues are on us for so- d
lution, blowers can not solve them. 'A
rhrowing stones, nor rocks and using
i pichfork, satan's tool, will not give I
relief to the country. It will take the P
highest statesmanship to restore pros. h
perity and peace to the nation and the i
Be not deceived and misled as you J
were in 1892 by traitorous leaders who
promise yoti anything to get ollice for 0
the money in It. Stand by the demands a
to the end. They are Godgiven and if 8
we prove faithful to the end relief will i
come to us. V
Farne a of the State, in 1890 we went 1
into the Farmers Movement to crush a f
big ring that the people might enjoy d
their rights and liberties, and secure a
relief from oppression. The funda. r
mental principle of the Farmers move- 1
ment was that we would have a direct t
primary for State officers. Tiho ring :
was crushed, what have we now ? As t
soon as the tricksters got control of r
the election machinery to hold the of. 'I
lces and get the money that is in them
they formed a little ring in a big one- I
a condition worse than ever before. t
They have suggested through the little t
ring a reckless stripling for governor
of the State and intend through the 1
big ring to force him on us. This strip.
ling in the recent campaign in the
State contribiuted largely to making it
a disgrace to barbarism. 1le declared
against peace in the State. lie advoca- I
ted strife nd bloodshed. 11 cares not I
whose blood is shed if he can gratify
his vaulting ambition. The attempt
to force this mad youngster on the
country in this way is an insult to
every farmer who went into the move
Farmers of the State, yes Carolinians
all, will you btanid by idly and see this
reckless chap elected governor of the
State, and subject to his caprice the
lives of your wives and children and
all of your property? Never, no never,
unless you have lost your love for them
and your manhood. We are told in
the sacred writing "when the wicked
rule the people mourn."' The writer
would not do this young man an injus
tice but he would save the State from
his destructive nomination.
The shifting Cataline freah from his
midnight conclave where lie comspired
to Ilre the city of his nativity in one
hundred places did not diplay more
brazen impudence and unbridled ai
dacity when he walked into the Itoman
senate chamber and took his seat on
the front bench while Cicero was ex.
posing his infany to the sienators than
this young man has and is diplaying
to gratify his insatiable ambition.
tome's senators were roused and
hRome was saved. Carolinianal rouse
yourselves and save the Statel Save
your wives and children from the ruin
of this reckless stripling.
If we needed reformers in the State
ini 1890 we need them ten times more
now, surrounded as we are on all sides
by wrangle, tangle, turmoil and con
fusion. Tihe State is in a perilous
condition, more perilous than the peo
pie realize. May the eariher of light
dispel the clouds that shroud us.
T1he State is without a party of
clearly delined principles. Factions
and rings controlled by many who
have no fear of G.od or love for man are
rampant to secure the oflices for the
money that is in them. The people of
the State yearns for a governor who
will be the governor of all the people
andi not thme governor of a faction, a
governor who will administer the laws
impartially in justice and mercy and
restore peace.
Those who love the State and liberty
have nothing left to them but to call
out andl put in the field1 a ticket of able
men in whom the people have full con
fidlence and go to the November elec
tIon when every qualifIed voter can
cast lis ballot for the rulers of his
choice. We will theii be free men. A
patriot will not seek ofice nor wvill he
decline to give his time andl powers to
his country if called to duty, especial
ly in times of serious peril. T1hme timies
(demand men who have pure hearts,
clean hands, clear heads(1 and steady
nerves if ourT p~opular form of govern
ment is preserved, and our homes are
saved. Citizens of the State rouse
yourselves to the plerils of thle situation
and( (Jo your duty to God, your native
land1( andi humanity.
Heniator mnutier Not Alone.
W AsiINOTO)N, Aug. 27.--,Judge I-zlar
is goIng to make thme race for re-election
to Congress f rom the 7th district. llis
dectermination in that direction was
fixed some time ago, and within the
past few days lie hams receivedi substan
tial endlorsemlents from time best ele
mefnts of the Deomocratic party in that
dlistrict. lie will not go into the Rteform
primary trap which wouldh be sure poi
itical death butt he will standi out In
the open fleld when tihe general
election takes place andl contest
every inch of ground with the Re-.
form candlidato whoever he may be.
.Judge Iziar will leave Washington to
morrow after the final adjournment of
Congress, andl he wIll take charge of his
own camp;aign and condluct It on the
most vigorous plan. It would be futile
for him to subject himself and friends
to the cut and dIried process which will
prevail at the "iteform" primary, andl
h is enemilea had hoped that he would
surrendler without a struggle, lie is
not made of that kind of stuff, lie has
won time adlmiration and the esteem -of
the genuinie D~emocrats in both houses
of Congress (during his brief sojourn in
Washington, and they will watch his
campaign with the keenest interest.
l[e is confident of the support and en
coumragement of the triue Democracy in
the 7 th district, and lhe in prepared
to abide by their decision at the general
Alentinn ..Ns anid Coiner
ot a Startling State Pap w-solld on the
Dog Law-Wandering on Finance and
Whilskey-1elieves in the Golden Itule.
NEwBERRY, Aug. 30.-Mr. Frank.
[ooi, who announced last week
iat he would be a candidate for Gov
nor at the November election, even
he did not t but one vote, was in
ke city yesterjay. He has been labor
ig upon his addrems to the people of
:uth Carolina, and the following is
hat he has brought forth. It is pot
i strong or as lively or as interesting
i I expected it would be ffen he ask
I me last week to announce his can
idacy, though I had no) idea then
'hat he intended to say to the voters
f South Carolina, for up to that time
never had an idea that he contem
lated making the race. He says,
owever, that he means business, and
I going to stay in to the bitter end.
[ere is his manifesto:
'o the Voters of South Carolina:
As people expect the reasons why
ne runs for Governor, I give mine: I
m outdone at the way in which per
3ns calling themselves Reformers
ave out-Ileroded the same Ilerod
rhom I have been ighting tooth and
all, for twenty years, trying to "re
awi" themselves to the highest bid
er with the ,most specious promises
nd least fulfillment. The one satis
action resulting is to see number one
icked out into the cold, even though
he kicker be no better. It seems like
7 to prove a repetition of the fable of
he fox, the flies and the swallow. The
,ew swarm will take the last drop.
'hey want the earth.
I enter my protest in the form of
mtting up my carcass to be shot at
hat is. "cussed" at. I have proved in
he past my competency to tote more
cussing" than anybody, and still stand
ione. I consulted with no living man
6bout this move. I believed it the duty
>f somebody. I can't mark out a line
>f action for other people; therefore,
'm in myself. I am little known, but
t is better thus than to be known a
icoundrel. Most persons in our town
now me, among them plenty of en
emies. I am willing to leave the telling
of the truth to any or all of them. I am
what is known in Piersons's "saciety"
as a "high kicker." When they get too
bad, kick them out. I am a teformer
in the sense of trying to get all the
good we can, and the supposition is
that under a )emocratic form of gov
ernment every one will be - the same
way. The question, then, is, what is
best for us all in the long run. I don't
kick at the measureas of Reformers, so
called, no much an at their methods of
self -portuation.
As to the questions of the day:
Agricultural colleges-1 am in favor
of making these self-supporting, or as
nearly so as possible, and if 331entiic
farming is not a delusion, we should
come very near It. If It be a delusion,
'he sooner the bubble bursts the better
ror all hands. I would have it so that
very poor child can, by its labor, earn
t sufliciency of wholesome food and
nmfortable clothing and at the same
line prosecute its studies. in case of
hvar the State furnishes gun, rations
mad clothing. Tile nation properly ed
icated, I would hope to save the ex
pense of the gun, so that swords might
>e turned to plows and spears into
runing knives. No well educated man
Nill deny that the ethics of the Chris
'lan religion would, if carried out, be
,he best thing to live by in all the
As to the liquor question, I think tha
lispensary, under government control
)f that terrible moral explosive, alcohol
thie best plan yet discovered. Of course
rxperience, under management devoted
to the highest good of the people, will
modify and improve the carrying out
of the law, and it wvill not be on the
line of money proilt to the State.
' I have a pet theory concerning a dos
law in wh ichi our Reformers have sorely
disappointed me. Certainly they will
not allow that the subject is above
their comprohension, and if thiey claim
that it is beneath them I will boldly
assert that it will take very little
"screeching" for them to get down to
My idea of the financial quostion,
which is today agitating the country,
is that inasmuch as tile money of the
hiEate, yours and mine, has been loaned
to the privileged class, virtually with
out interest, f-r about thirty years, by
means of which they have (been able
to put their feet upon the necks of the
producing classes, they deposIting gov
ornmient bonds as security, that turn
about beIng fair play, we the pro.
lucers, by pledging land, and land be.
Ing certainly the most stable of all
commodities, should be entitled to at
least equal privileges from government
especially as the tiller of the soil occu
pies the most important part in the so
c1l system o1 any business whatever.
And now I come to something far
more important than anything else, be
cause the sum of all things must be
reater than any part of it can be
he religion enunciated b~y Jesus. This
s a socalled Christian nation, and
~uitea large number of voters pro
ess oda tofollow the teachings of
this great Exemplar. I am called by
rnany persons an inildel, but .1 say to
you in Ils words, "Unless you exceed
~he rIghteousness of the Scribes and
P'harlsees you shall all perish." Let'
is come together. Let us see what
hoese doctrines gay as to the treatmenlt
if our fellow man. Put youtself in his
place, is Hible doctrine, and it is Dick.
mne, too. Certain it is that we shall
riot he worsted by this philosophy in
~he long run. FRANK MooN.
An Indepondent Ticket,
CM.lUMBTA, S. C., Aug. 28.-The Rteg
ster says it now looks like there is to
3e an all round well developed inde
pendent movement andl that; a full
4 tate ticket isato be put out. The indi.
mations point that way for many rea
ions. It was rumored on the streets
ast night that Capt. ti. W. Shell, Con
gressmuan from this district, will be the
nominee for Glovernor.
coooLulRAFTr, Mich., August. 28.
P'rof Atonzio Kendall made a balloon
ascension yesterday. When 100 -feet
from the grouind the parachute was
struck by the balloon. It collapsed and
fell witb a thud. P~rof. Kendall was
killed instantly. A large crowd wit

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