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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, September 13, 1894, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1894-09-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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PrK N , . C , T I U S A ,, S P E M EV3 1 9 .N
~ 'ISI qj w~ l NO 52 .
TIE NEW SOUTHERN
OPENING OF A GIGANTIC SOUTHERN
RAILROA ENTEIRPRISE.
The New Soulliern Itallway 001nianY "n(1
?00* the Many itsillroads ti,at Enter Into itN
Composition-Iteduced Fixed Chargos
and a Good Ilusinen Outlook,
Niew YOR1K, Sept. 6.-On Saturday,
the 1st instant, the reorganization of
the Richmond Terminal system was
deflnitely and formally completed, and
the last of the many properties which
under the plan of reorganization have
lost their unhappy and unfortunate
identities and become merged in a new
- and propitious enterprise, pased into
the possession of the Southern Railway
Company. Last Saturday, therefore,
markk for all practical purposes, the
completion of the reorganization; and
a conalderation of the situation is,
there r opportune, particularly when
It is rne in mind that the event is
the most notable that has taken place
in the b~itory of American railroads,
and thatints bearing upon every South
ern business interest is of vital import
ance.
The Southern Railway Company op
erates 4,500 miles of railroad and about
150 miles of water line. With the ex
ception of 491 miles all the system is
owned by the company, and the here
tofore complicated and expensive plan
of control by majorities, wholly tim
practicable and unfortunate in its op
eration and sure to make enemies
among the minorities, is done away
with. The old Richmond Terminal
Company did not own any railroad at
all, and the much vaunted (but intrin
sically worthless) Itichmond and Dan
Ville owned only 145 miles. The rest
of the Richmond and Danville system
was made up of some thirty separate
companies, ranging in length from six
to 552 milts. Efficiency and economy
were impossible on this basis, which
also afforded good opportunity for ob.
jectionable methods of accounting.
The organization of the East Tennes
see was more compact, but it, too, left
much to be desired.
As a result of the reorganization over
thirty corporations, whose affairs and
securities were interlocked in every
conceivable way, and in almost hope
less confusion, are united in one com
pany. Thirty Boards of Directors and
thirty sets of separate accounts disap
pear simultaneously. The original plan
%Vas dated May 1, 1893 it was Issued on
ay 23, 1893, and the response of se
curity holders was prompt, andi by the
middle of June, 1893, success was as
sured so far as their corporation was
concerned. .
The summer and autumn of 1893 par.
alyzed the South, in common with the
rest of the country, and railroad earn
.,ings shrunk greatly. New conditions
diai pew complications were presented,
and the problem became one of dealing
with bankrupt receivers as well as
bankrupt corporations. By strenuous
efforts everything was held together,
and as soon as possible some amend
ments to the original plan were pro
mulgated, mainly to solve the financial
problems of the receiverships, and also
to cut down the Interest charges of the
reorganlzed company pending a return
to normal conditions.
These amendments were made public
on March 1, 1894. and they were so rea
sonable in character that they were
quickly accepted by the security hold
3rs, and the reorganization was at once
pushed forward with such rapidity that
within four months the new company
was formed, and now, within two
months more, the last of the proper ty
comes into its possession-OO miles
of railroadi which, exactly six months
ago, had almost dropped to p~ieces, anid
which but for the strong hands that
held the properties together (luring all
the financial troubles, would have dirop
.ped to pieces, are now brought into one
compact andi eficient company.
The new company Is organized under
a charter granted by the Legislature of
Vrnasupplementedl by its confor m
ity to the laws of' all the othier States
in which it owns property.
The reorganizition hasi invalved two
trustee(' saep, viz.:
Richmond and WVest PoInt T1erminal
Railway andI Warehouse Company.
Trustee's sale under S per cent col
lateral mortgage.
TLrustse's sale undier1 5 per cent. col -
lateral mortgage.
One receiver's sale, vize
Richmond and West Point Te'rminal
Railway and Warehouse Company.
Ten foreclosure sales, viz., covering
Richmond and Danville and1( its leased
lines.
last Tennessee, Virginia and (Geor
gia (under twvo mortgriges).
Charlotte Cohiumbiai and A ugusta.
Columbia and Greenville.
Louisville Southern.
Georgia Pacille.
Western North Carolina.
North western North Caroliuna.
Oxford and Clarksville.'
Clarkaville and North '-arolinia
Six conveyances without foreclosjur ie
viz.:
Atlantic, Tennessee and Ohio.
Richmond, York River andi eAea
poake.
Washington, Ohio and West(ern.
Piedmont.
Statesville and Western.
Oxford and II~enderson.
And ve understand that some half
dozen itnor sales anid as many more
conveyances of other kinds are now in
progress in order to perfect the wvork.
Prior to the reorgan ization, the proper
ties now merged into the Southern
*Railway Company were covered by
about seventy separate mortgages.
About fo~rt.y or Usu mnlrtnae hayc
been eliminated in one way or Ailo~r.
Described briefly, and ignoring many
smail branch lines, the Southern Rail
way Company extends from Washing
ton, or,'.more properly, fronm'Alexan
dria, Va. and from West Point and
Rtichmondl, Va., via Salisbury, N. - ,, to
Augnsta and Atlant'l, Ga.; and thence
to the Mississippi River at Greenville.
At Salisbury another main lIne crosses
the State of North Carolina by way of
-- Asheville; thence over t~o K~noxville
and Chattanooga, Tenn., andi from there
to Rome, Ga., where it dividies, one line
going to Brunswick and the other t~o
Meridian, Miss. Another line runs
from Louisville to Lexington and1 Ilur.
gin, Ky., there connecting with the Cin
cinnati Southern.
The Cincinnati Southern and Memn
phis and Chiarleston were includl ini
the plan of reorganization as orIginally
promulgated, but were dropped from
the amended plan, as the security hold
*t.., )
era failed to accept the terms offered.
'They have not bettered their condition
by their refusal, and the general im
pression Is that, sooner or later, these
lines will be acquired. The Southern
Company is also (xpected to control
the Georgia Central when reorganized.
Among the most important cities
reached by the Southern Railway are
Wachington, 1). C, Alexandria, Vra.,
Charlottesvilie, Va;, Richmond, Va,
Lynchburg, Va., Danville, Va., IRa
leigh, N. C., Durham, N. C., Greensbo.
ro, N. C., Statesville, N. C.. Asheville,
N. C., Salem-Winston, N. C., Charlotte
N . C , Columbia, S. C., Spartanburg, S.
C., Greenville, S. C, Augusta, Ga., At
lanta. Ga., Macon, Ga., Brunswick, Ga,
Bristol, Tenn., Louisville, Ky., Lexing
ton, Ky.. Knoxville, Tenn., Chattanoo
ge, Tenn., Rome, Ga., Birmingham,
Ala., Anniston, Ala., Columbus, liss,
and Selma, Ala.
The lines of the company, located as
they are, reach and scrve all of the di.
versilled interests of the South. In the
way of mineral, they penetrate Its two
great coal fields, viz, the Kentucky and
Tennessee coal fields on the north and
the Alabama coal fields on the South,
and from these are able to supply all
the States traversed by them. They
also reach the great iron industiles of
the South at Knoxville. Cleveland, 'Ihat
tanooga, Anniston, Birmingham, and
intermiediats points. Iron is made
cheapir in the United States, or, for
that matter, in the world. On the wes
tern division of the system there are
over thirty iron furnaces. Through inl.
numerable small brancl'es the com
pany goes int o the very heart of the
lumber territory in the States through
which it runs. It is able, of course, to
draw cotton from every direction, not
only on Its own lines, but from its con
nections, and it penetrates the S(ctions
of North and South Carolina and
Georgia which are occupied by cotton
mills. The growth of cotton mills
along the line is, perhaps, one of its
most remarkable features. ight
through the hard times new mills have
been going up, especially in North Car
olina. Its lines in Kentucky enable it
to control its full share of the tobacco
business at Louisville, and, in addition
to this, it penetrates in every direction
the country in which tobbacco is
grown, especially in the neighborhood
of Oxford and Durham, in North Caro
lina, and aiong almost the entirelengtht
of the former Western North Carolina
RUailroad, which is now a part of its
system. By way of Augusta and its I
connections to Vlorida it does a very
large share of the garden truck busi
ness in the Southeastern States. it is
most. direct paosenger line flom Wash
ington to Atlanta and all the intermed
lat.e points, and also as short as any
line to Florida. The old Pi'edmont Air
fLine, which is a part of the system,
has long beena famous.
The properties embraced in the reor
ganization had bonded and floating
debts of about $135,000.000. This now
rediuced to a bonded debt of $94,60,000,
including su llicient bonds (which are
reserved) to take up all underlying
bonds and stocks of the 491 miles of
leased railroad. The company will also
issue about 80,000,0C3 more bonds dur
ing the next two years, to purchase ad
ditional eluipment and improve the
properl.ies, which will make the total
bonded dept of all kinds $1,00.000,000.
The plan of reorganization wisely pro- I
vides that $20,000,000 of bonds addition
al (to be strung out through a series
of years) may be issued hereafter only
for the further development of the
property.
The interest charges before the re
organization wore about $7.503,000,
per annum, and sinking funis were
about $t$00,000, to 8700,000 prr annum
additional. The new company's chares
are $4,100,000 for 1894, 700,000 for 1895
and $5,40.000 for 189I.
Thie old comp~aniy was always in such
(lire financial straits and had such large
lixed charges tihat it could not airord
to spend a cent on the property where
such expendlituros could possibly be
avoided, and in this way it reaily lost
business. Furthermore, its fInancial
necessities led it to-litigate all caimns
of shippers for lost or damaged goods,
suchl litigation in nine cases out of ten
having for its object simply to procras
tiniate andl delay paymnent. Tile new
company, or-ganlizedt as it now is, can,
o1 course, follow a (dilferent policy, andI
by f air treatment of shippers is sure to
enlarge its bulsiness.
Another interesting feature is that,
notwithstanding the nominal control
of tile former Easst Totnnessee, Virginia
and Georgia and lRichmond andi Dan
vylle systems by the now defunct Ter
mlinal Company, there was no actual
controJ~and tile two companies did not
cooperate even In tile ordinary inter
chlange of business. Th'le jealousy be
tween the two was so great thlat they
preferred to turn business ever to some
ouitsidie conlnection rathler than give it
to each other.
Another feature is the consolidlation
of the blusiness organi-zationls and the
red uction of expenses at j uncti, n
points were the D~anviile andl East Ten
nessee have each mlaintained seperate
orgai'z. tions heretofore.
In several of the Southern States,
legislation has been bittelly hcstile,
and it must 1)0 admitted that the way
these coimpaniles were condiuctedl pro
voked such legislatior,. As a result of
the reorganiztion there is already a
mIuch better toel Lug In this respect,
a~4 it is certain t~o grow as t he coin.
mu l~ty is better servedi.
Ter, ible liinanter.
~VA:~~A 1AIll.,, Se-pt. 5.--A t the~ A s
Silton C.( shaft, about seven miles
moig, of here w n early hour this
about 200 feet fo the botto, he
wirs cable broke ad the cagetoil tho
fl')bottom, demolInhing te ceri fll in
TIwy the shaft is 1O0 nctde
mli engineer became confused at the
ltap and losing contr-ol of 11is engine
contyecpdb upnrms1'
wh~~1ithibuihlingt wasl i ns'ued for41- . .
TLw on tihe st oc,(( 8:j6 jll tihe (onti
lCv tuiii (lobe,,. Thue loss onl 1
the .oblk lyS $ I,50 and ll wa pro'he ., O
& it bing sved. he co tools t
fur4i *' l~
Sen~ y Trap1 onl .ih-t. LM w.
Oi' chlieri, the( freslhest can1' dv l)i
ineman all kinlds oftnn~d 'oil
A DARING EXPLOIV.
HOW MOBY CAPTURED A UNIOt
GENERAL AT FAIRFAX.
I True Tale of the Oon(tdkorate War Thal
Read. Like F.etion-Some Confedorate
Enter the Union Uampn and oapture
Number of Men and Horses.
ItTHITMOND, Va., Sept. 6.-To thosi
who know nothing of the hardships o
war, there ever hangs over a battlefleb
tmist of romance, shrouding its mos
ideous details in the poetry of fiction
&nd even those who have felt thi
fhock of charging men, and heard th
.annon's roar that seemed to shake thf
verylfoundation of earth, in after year
look buicli with a certain tendernes
upon those "days that are no more"
wen though those days were passed ir
1he cramped bed of a dirty prison hos
pital, or on the long, hot marches o
nidsummer. But bravery command
u r admiration, and the deeds of tli
nen who fought in the Civil war ofter
ival the dauntless courage of Charle
:nange and are as exciting as the ex
loits of Richard on the sunny plaint
f Palestine. Perhaps one of the mos
inique adventures of the war was th
3apture of General Stoughton by Mosb'
tnd the affair reads more like the raidi
f Robin Hood than an event in th(
prosaic times of the present.
In the spring of 1863 General Stough
.on was encamped at Fairfax Court
louse with a large number of men, an<
;he doughty warrior had determine<
:o put a stop to the depredations o
Wosby, who kept the Federal troops I1
.4orthern Virginia in a constant stat
)f terror by his numerous and sudder
,aids. All this part of VTirginia wa:
nown as "Mosby's Confederacy." ler
he ranger chief gave the enemy som
inpleasant surprises in the shape o
,aids en sleeping encampments, th
,apture of their wagons and the de
itruction of their railroads, ised in sup
lying them with men and food
5toughton had grown weary of thi
.ruitless efforts of others to capture th
iwift-moviEg rebel, and he was decide(
,hat he would bag Mosby or lose ever5
nan he had in the attempt.
One night., early in March, Stoughtor
lad a little supper at his headquarteri
-a neat little supper that sent the gal
ant general to bed in an excellent iu
,nor,and made him quickly forget tha
war's alarms were ever likely to disturl
Jie slumbers of a votary of the laugh
ing, vine crowned god. It was a col
sight, and the rain that had set in ear
ly in the day continied to come dow:
in a ceaseless pour that made the worl
ne dreary, watery waste. The Unioi
non never dreamed that any one woul
renture out after setting the usual son
inels to plot( through the mud at theli
)osts 'about town.
By 11 'o'clock the little village wa
ilent and the Federal camp wrappec
n slumber, but down the road near th
amous field of Chintilly a party o:
lien on horseback were stealing
hrough the woods. No one spoke .
vord, and the only sound in the dark
less was the splashing of the horses
ioofs in the pelting rain through th
,ossing trees. And as they stole along
n the night, wrapped in heavy cloaks
md with their hats pulled low 'ovel
'heir brows, they looked liki
tome band of conspirators creeping or
,heir way to assassinate some sleeping
L'oe.
On nearing the town one of them ciu
he wire that ran to tho station near b5
md thus the Union troops were sev
'red from all communication vith theli
'rienuds at a distance. It was mid~nigh
whlen the cavalcade entered the village
md as they tramped (down the mudd'
road no one saw them or heard a soun(
rrom the foes thus dlaring to ride int<
~he very face of the slumbering enemy
l'here was no light in the to Wnl streets
md only now and then a faint glean
~rom a half shut window wonuld trembli
~or a moment on the smoking sides o
~he rangers' horses, or be rellecte(
>ack from the pistols in their belts.
Oai reaching the center of the villagi
Mosby halted his men, and dividini
hem into two detachments, sent ont
luietly to secure the horses, while with
lix mon he took lis way to the heat
lnarters of tihe Commanding General
'le house was old-fashioned Southerr
nansion, about 100 yards from the roat
md set back in a pretty grove of trees
L'he rangers quietly openied the gate
md troting upl to the house, dismout
d and ran up on thle porch. With
lerce jerk Mosby rang the bell.
A window in a room above flew ul
mnd a sleepy voice demanded who wal
elow.
''A courier with dispatches for Gen
~ral Stoughtoni," replied Mosby, as hi
notlioned to the men not to move.
Th'le window fell, the ofllcer ran dowl
md In a moment the door stood open
"You are my prisoner," wvhisnerei
Niosby to the astonished Federal,~whc
eing unarmed, dared not make an:
resistance. Then, leaving one man t'
guanrd the captive, the ranger dlashet
ipstairs and strodle into the rooni
where the General lay sleeping. Wit]
I rough shake Mosby aroused him.
" What in the dlevil Is the matterT
nquired Stoughton as he sprang up it
led.
"Stuart 's cavalry is in possession o
,ho town," Mosby quietly replied.
"Stuart in town," Stotughuton ex
~laimed in astonishiment, still mistak
ng the men about his bed for his owi
roops. 'Why, I thought you had cap
tred Mosby."
"Oh, no; you have not captured Mos
ay," coolly remarxed the (Chieof, "bit
Niosby has captutred you ; you 1had( bes
seIt ill quietly and come with me."
lFinding himself a prisoner in thi
innds of the very man to whose cap
utre lie was aworn, and believimr tha
Iilnrt's troops hadl the town the Uhnior
for~ Bral made no attempt to resist, bu
ied (quiethy. In a few minutes hi
...Mosb~y dcend~h~ed the steps, and
rting horses that stoodi outside
ar soon jolnedl the rest of the rangern
were awaiting Mosb~y's arrival at
leeting phle in the center of the
hi .
'C r it was found that the night'i
I., had securedl 58~ h'urses and 32 pris
'ago -and all this had bean accomn
'd without a blow bueing strtuck,
i ,a ired or any alarm being given t<
(tny 'at of the camp. In fact, thi
rs pushed noiselessly out of towi
4,~ heir prisoners ann their horses
-n u oul dreamed that the guerrilh
.was stealing away with thel
'.-. les from beneath their ver)
noses. By daybreak the troop was
miles away.
In passing th3 enemy's last outpost
they mounted a bluff that overlooked
the road and gazed anxiously in the di
rection of Failfax. Hut not a foe was
in Bight--there was nothing in sight,
except the water soaked hills and the
gray light creeping down in the brown
valleys below. And with a sigh of re.
lief the troop again took up its march
to the South. No pursuit was made,
and by noon the next day the men and
horses were turned over to General
Fitzhugh Lee, who was then stationed
atBrandv Station. And so closed one
of the most amusing incidents and dar
ing exploits of the Civil war.-Dis
patch. .
THE CONGRESSIONAL NOMINEES.
Counting the Votes of Congressional Van
tlidates in Ewch Disirlct.
3 COLUrni A. S. C., Sept. 5.-The State
Denocratic Executive Committee met
last night in the btate Rouse. State
Chairman Irby called the committee to
order shortly before 9 o'clock. Secre
tary Tompkins and Treitsurer Jones
were on hand. A. II. Patterson of
Barnwell and 11. 11. Townes of Edge
iield,sent in their resignations as mem
bers of the conimittee and the real gna
tions were accepted. The committee
proceeded to tabulate the votes of
Congressional candidates in each dis
trict and to declare the result. The
following is the vote for each district
and the candidates wha received a ma
jority were declared the nominees of
the party:
FIRST DISTRICT.
Win. Elliott. Sullivan.
Charleston......... 1,257 1,457
Georgetown........ 553 116
Beaufort........... 219 17
Williamsburg...... 350 34
Colleton ........... 256 1
Berkeley.......... 15!. 1.10
Totals............ 2,937 1,789
SECOND DISTIICOT.
W. J. Talbert.
. Iampton.........................1,248
Barnwell........ ...........1.584
Aiken-....................1,21
Edgefeld. ..........2,058
Total....................... 6,411
'rITIM D IST RIT'.
A. C. Latimer.
Abbeville............ ............2,348
Newberry ........................1,111
Anderson.........................2,657
Oconeo ............................1,380
... kn............ ...........1,4313
'.iothl........................ 8929
FOURTIl DITRIuT.
Wilson. Duncan. Johnson.
1 Greenville....1,789 295 1.435
I/jtrens......1,31 54 838
Fairfleld...... 232 454 7
1 Spartanburg.. 2493 81 404
. Union........ 670 504 24;3
- ltichland..... 398 - 308 696
Totals.....),!I03 15 * 3.628
Wilson's majority over alli1,579.
FIFTH DISTRICT.
T. J. Strait. D. E. Finley.
Spartanburg..... :314 77
York .......... 71; 1,094
Cbester.......... .15 131
Lancaster.......1,375 4;31
Chesterfield ...... 859 542
Kershaw ......... 9:10 286
Union ..........: 0:1 91
Totals ......... 5,442 2.655
Ma jorit.y for Strait, 2.787.
SINTIT DISTRI01T.
Jolin L. Mei]aurin.
Clarendon............ .7811
Darlington........... 76i8
Marlboro............. 880
M arion............... 1,571
Ilorenc............. No report
Williamsburg..... 411
Total...............5,20s
.SE v EN'rII DIRTU[C'r.
J1. Wmn. Stokes.
Lexington.................. 1,493
Orangeburg................. 2,135
Sutr........ .... ............ 1,078
Colieton--...-..................... 1,586;
iHerkeley.................... 798
otln.....................2127
The Reformers aind the aniti-Tillman
ites each held a primary in IBeaufort
county, and the quiestion camne before
tecommittee of coua ting the vote for
Congressional candidates. Each side
claimed to be D~emocratiu.. Thie com
mittee decided to count all the votes in
each of the primaries for Sullivan and
lIitt. IBefo.e adjourning the comn
mnittee passed a resolution asking the
railroads to give reduced rates to delo
gates wiho will attend the State con
vention this month.
- A Rorror of the saluda,
W IILLI AMS'rON, S. C., Sept. 4.---While
RL. V. Acker, trial justice, was fIshing
two miles below Peizer today he dis
covered the body of a man floating in
Itie water and caught on an overhang
ing limb. Without further inves
tigating the matter he came to Wil
liamiston, summoned a jury of inquest
andi returned to the scene. Frank Lan
der, together with three other men,
Iprocured a boat, went out to where the
,body was floating. tiedi a rope around
it and towed it to the bank. Careful
Sinvestigation and expert testimony
could ascertain nothing with certainty
as to the race or color of the man, the
bodIy being in such a state of decompo
-sition, but it is believed that he was a
white man, lie was barefooted, had on
black pants, a very old coat, a leather
belt and overalls. It is thought that
the man was murdered though no marks
of violence could be dletected. There
is a camp of hands very near whore the
body was found who probably know
more than they will tell. The man was
evidIentiy put in the river blelow P'elzer
mill as his body could not haye passed
over the (dam. TJhe jury will render
Itheir verdict tomorrow.-Greenvlie
News.
Kied a Tramii,,
IHEND)EHSON, Ky., Sept. 4.--Two
Itr amps entered the farmhouse of .John
(Gillespie, near inks City, on Green
Iriver, and, finding his wife alone, they
dlemanded food, which sihe refused,
when they helped themselves andl plim
dered the house. On her husband re
turning and ascertaining of the robbery,
he armed himself with a shotgun atid,
accompaniedi by a neighbor, went on
the trail. They came upon the tramps
near Congleton, McLean county. The
rillanis drew their pistols and refused
to surrender, whtereu pon the pursuers
opened tire, fatally wounding one, the'
othnr nefeting his eape.a
THEY 1DO NOT AGREE.
COLONEL YOUMANS AND GENERAL
EARLE ON INDEPENDDNTISM.
Vhe Former I@ In Favor of Opposing Till
man, Evans and all Otlher Candidates of
the Iteformers While the Latter Opposoe
Huch Action.
COLJMur A, S. U, Sept. 6.-The fol
lowing cards appeared in the Register
of today:
Editor Register: Your communica
tion of the first inst. received this af
ternoon and in accordance with your
request I reply immediately, in this
communication addressed to me you
say: "Knowing you to be a staunch
and uncompromising foe of aught that
tends to disturb white unity and white
supremacy, and that your words carry
weoight and influence, I ask that you
write the Register a letter giving your
views upon the new Independent
movement about to be started and out
lining the duty of the hour. Hoping
ror an early reply, I am," &c.
As to the "white unity," that was
listurbed four years ago, when Gover
nor Tillman, conceiving himself to be
Lhe only man with the nerve and the
brains and the ability to array the
common people against the aristocracy,
for the accomplishment of his own sel
[lsh purposes, spread discord and divis
ion among the white people by inau
gurating what, he chose to term a fam
ily quarrel in the State.
As to "white supremacy," it should
be remembered that whilst negro dom
[nation in the reconstructed States has
been one of the most marked features
f the policy of the Republican party
that the Northern Democracy, through
all of the political vicissitudes of the
last quarter of a century, has been the
unfaltering friend of the South. It was
due to its persistent demands that
white supremacy was restored in '716
and in '77 to South Carolina and Lousi
ana and its aid was treely given to de
feat the force bill and to repeal the
election laws. On the other hand all
of these new political organizations
which have sprung up like Jonah's
gourd, and will wilt as soon, have gen
erally acted with the Republican party
aginst the interest of the South. The
Greenbackers, many of whom were
elected in part by denouncing Demo
crats, whom they were trying to defeat
as not sufliciently Democratic, when
elected were found voting with the
tepublicans in the interest of all meas
urep, dragooning the South in favor of
negro domination.
The Populist and third partyltes are
no exception to this rule; they went
over bag and baggage into the camp o
our enemies during the consideratior
or the lIotise bill to redico the tit)
burdens of the tariff and placed them
selves uinder the leadership of the gen
tinian from Maine, Mr. Reed, and Mr
Boutelle to prevent the Democrata
from even considering a bill designed
to lift the burden of tariff tixation
from the farmers of the South. They
joined the Republicans in a body and
voted almost solidly against the repeal
of the 10 per cent. tax on State banks,
a measure which if it had been enacted
into law would have given great ilnan.
cial relief to the South. These new de
partures, whenever they have taken
place in the South, have nearly always
resulted in an appeal to the negro and
a termination within the iRepublican
ranks. Witness Mahone, McL]ane, Tom
Watson and R. F'. Kolb.
The originator and autocrat of your
political faction, for he dictated to it
not only as to measures but men, has
admitted that he was half Populist in
the canvass of '92; that he is now like
McJane a Greenbacker, and has served
notice on the voters of tile State of is
early expectation to desert the Demo
cratic party. I think tis "new Indle
pendent movement about to be start
ed" biy Governor Tillman and those
pledged to support him should be met
by an immediate reorganization of tile
Deomocratic party in tile State and that
tile "duity of tile hlour is for every
D~emocrat who hlas any manhood or
political princIple or owns any proper
ty that binds him to the State or inlter
eats him in its welfare to aid tis refer,
mation withl all of his might.
As to placing a Democratic ticket iri
tile loid at tis late day I stand con.
firmed in my opposition to it, were ii
not for the bloody lawlessness of the
present administration and the promisE
of its continulance by tile legatee-i
policy of outrage and bloodshed which
if persisted in seems to ine inevitab3
bound to precipitate tile State into al
the horrors of cival war, it cannot bi
reasonably presumed that freemen wil
forever tamely submit to having theli
private premises ransacked and thoui
private packages torn open and scatter
ed by the pimps, underthugs and plug
uglies of any set of nondescript petty
tyrantu,. or even allow II. R. Tillmnan tc
blow open their iron safes and~ break
down their doors. Hlowever, upon thiu
question I am willing to b)e governe&
by tile combined wisdom of those witii
whom I have been politically associa.
tedh. L,. W. YOUIMANs.
Fair fax, S. C., Sept. 3, 1891.
Editor Register: The liutier confer
ences, as reported, are supposed to in
dicate that having been defeated at the
recent primary elections, the Genera]
will now organize an Indlependent
movement, inm order that lhe may halve
another chlance to ba returned to the
Senate. Such a movement would lbe
"conceived in sin and brought forth in
iniqulity." Surely there must be some
mistake in tile pulbliheld reports for it
is hard to believe that Senator Butler
and his frmient~s, many of whom have
proved their manhood, couirage an Jf pa
triotism, in war and in peace, W' .rld
enter upon a venture so fraught with
evil to the State. Senator I lampton in
1878 declared that "all Independent
was worse thian a Radical ." 'I~he con
ditions which inspired this forcible ex.
pression remain unichaniged, 5o let tile
word lie again passed down the line,
"an Indiependeont is worse than a Itadi
cal."
An indiepandlent movement against
tile organized l)emocracy cold~ sulcceed
only by forming a coalition with the
black ltepubllicans, andl this wold
eventually result in their restoration to
power. Shall white men be rulled by
negroes'? Shall the State lbe again dom
inated by ignorance and vice? Shall
we have negro judges presiding over
our counts ~? Shall South Carolinians
be again subjecto.l to the insults, suf
fering and humiliation experienced by
thmem in the dark d ays omaia
ism ? If not, then rise up in your
might and put down a movement
which to gain a temporary advantage
would open Pandora a box and flood
the State with evils which will be fast
ened iot only upon you, but also uperi
your children.
The duty of the hour compels every
Democrat, whether Tillmanite or anti
Tillmanite, to fight now on common
ground to sustain white supremacy.
Jos. 11. EARLE.
THE DEATH ROLL SWELLS.
rho Work of Burying the Dead and Oar
Ing for the Living.
P'INE CITY, MinnD., Sept. 5.-Thie
general executive committee in charge
of the relief work in this section, has
made a report of the dead bodies re
covered thus far as follows:
Iliickley 271, Sandstone 77, Miller
(often called Sandstone Junction) 15,
between Skunk Lake and Miller 12
Pokegama 25, on the timber camps 50
Total 450.
Ghouls are at work in the vicinity of
Sandstone. Today a party from Du
luth under James Bailey came down to
help bury the dead and while searching
around at noon, came upon a gang
who had broken open and rifled some
safes and when Bailey and party met
them they had just found a cistern
from which they had hauled fifteen
dead bodies and had robbed them of
jewelry, rings trinkets, etc., and were
throwing the bodies back into the well,
Bailey and party were unarmed, and
the ghouls took to their heels and
escaped.
A frame powder magazine at Sand
stone, a portion of which was left
standing and which was empty was
torn down for material for coflins.
The fire was seen by the Sandstone
people four hours before it struck the
town and everything was packed up
in readiness to move to Kettle River,
east of the village. Before anyone was
aware of the real danger the lire came
upon the town from the north, east
and west and liring the whole town in
side of live minutes. Many were un.
able to reach the river and died in thf
streets. A blacksmith burned to a
crisp in his shop, where he was shoe
ing a horse. So sudden was the Ilrn
not a thing was saved and in thirt3
minutes the whole town was swept o1
the earth.
Those who reached the river remain
ed most of the night. The survivor
are entirely destitute and have no
even clothing to their backs, excep
such as is provided by the relief com
muittees. Whole families are wipe4
out.
President Sam 11111 of the easteri
Minnesota branch of the Northern l.i
cilic came up from Ilinckley thi
morning and took a northern traf
over the St. Paul and iIuth roat
Mr. Hill took the )uluth Road t
within nine miles of Sandstone an
walked over. The big eastern Minn(
sota bridge over the Kettle river has
steel arch in the middle 180 feet lon
and is still intact, though wooden ar
proaches are burned.
"The scene of death and ruin alon
the road is a terrible one," says Mr
11111, "not a sign of life is anywheri
to be seen, all is blackened, charret
mass of ruins. Dead animals and hu
man beings are everywhere and the)
are buried where ever found. In on
old well was found twenty-flve snake!
and forty or flIfty field mice all togethel
alive. There were many peculiar fed
tures of the fire. In one place, when
all else was burned and blackoned al
around, we found a wagon with the
hay in the box intact, while the horsei
were dead. There is yet to be closed
up on Minnesota, a gap of twelve mile'
between IIinckley and )uluth eight
miles, of which are between IInckle)
and Sandstone. There are four mile
in St. Cloud direction, which will bi
closed up by tomorrow. I noticed it
one place some freight car wheels wern
melted, while not three hundaed feel
away was another car untouched.
J1udge Nethaway, of Still Water, ha:
been one of the most active in relie!
woric, and has been all over thme sur
rou~nding country. lie found the fain
ily of Jack Itobinson, man, wife an<
seven children all dead and hardly re
cogr.izab~le and also found .J. 0. Row
ley, agent of- the Minnesota an<
Winnipeg. Several miles northwest oj
llincley today he came to a spol
where a farm house had stood. Ir
front was a well and over to the lefl
could be seen live human bodies an<
h lodies of several animals. .Judgi
Nethaway went at once to the well t<
see if anyone was there, and fount
dlown in the bottom, a little 12-year-ol<
Iboy in eight in~lhes of water, who ha<
llvedi there since Saturday with nioth
ing to eat. T1he little fellow was pull
ed up and said lhe had been put dowi
there when the lire was seen, andi ar
"awful bad smoke had passed over hin
andI it was awful hot." Ile asked the
judlge if he knew where his fathei
and mother were, and his dog. .Judge
Nethaway took him on his backt tc
where he could be fed, while other par
ties went~ back after the flive bodies.
A niorrble Murder.
A NDERSON, S. U., Sept. 4.-Barbari
ilall an old colored woman, was shol
andl killed last Saturday morning aboul
1 o'clock by her two grand sons, Law
rence Rutledge and .John Andrew Rice
The circumstances of the tragedy ar1
as follows: Gilbert Rutledge, the steil
father of' the two boys, had given thenr
a severe thrashing, and they after arm
ing themselves with a shot gun loade(1
with buck shot, went to the Ihall we
man's house, where their stepfather
was, with the purpose of wreakinj
their vengeance on him. She refused
them admission. They then fired al
the door, behind which she was stand,
ing, Th'ie shot passed through the door
and entirely through the old woman
making a hole in her chest as big ai
an egg. A number of negroes were
arrested, but af ter hearing the evidenci
at the lnflumest all were released except
the boys ablove named and they arn
now ini jail, held for trial.
flurned HIs Harreim.
M ERKE'r, Tex., Sept. 5-A great re
vival under the auspices of the Met ho
dist church has b~eenl going on here
Among the converts was J. W. hlrooks
a saloon keeper. To p rove that he wal
sincere in his professions, Brooks tool
his entire stock of liquor out into thi
public square, poured the liquor out
andl set ire to the boxes and barrels
ie also consigned all his licenses t<
the flames. A crowd of 500 witnessed
tihe per formance, which was coniducte<
with impressive religious exercises ani
Binuing. The stock o goods as v
DESERT THEIR PARTY.
LOUISIANA PLANTERS GO OVER TO
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
A convention 01 sugqr Growers beat and
Denounce the Tariff as to sugar--In a..
tional Politice They WI1 Act With Re
pubHloans,
NEW ORLEANS, La, Sept. .-The
sugar planters convention in this ity
today was the most remarkable gather
ing in many years, and the first serious
break in the Democratic party in twen
ty years is now actually threatened.
The convention declared in favorof'an
alliance with the Republican party on
national issues and two and possibly
three Congressional Districts, compris
ing the sugar region, are endangred
to the Democrats. There were proba- -
bly three hundred representative m6p
resent at the convention and, as near
y all of them are men of wealth with"
large influence and with power to con
trol a considerable following, the ac- -
tion they have taken cannot be under
estimated.
The meeting was called to order by
Richard McCall, one of the leading
planters of the Third District, and Mr.
E. N. Pugh of Ascension, a near rela
tive of Justice Nicholls, was made
chairman. Among thuse who partici
pated in the discussion were Mr. W. E.
Ilowell, a prominent Democrat of Li
Fouchere, II. P. Kernochan, who was a
naval ollicer under Cleveland, Albert
IEstopinal, Democratic State Senator,
who may be the planter's candidate in
the First District, G. P. Anderson, a
wealthy planter of Plaquemine, James
A. Ware, Democratic Representative
In the Legislature from Iberville, Col.
J. ). ]till, Capt. J. Pharr and others.
Mr.John Daymond was the only speak
er who strenuously opposed secession
from the Democratic party. Messrs.
Ilowell, Weems, Kernochan an- Wil.
kinson, brother of Collector Wilkinson,
were appointedl a committee to propose
a plan for the collection of the bounty
on this year's crop. The committee re
ported and their report was adopted.
The convention then took up the
political questions. McCall, Pugh,
Kernochan, Estopinal, Ware and others
advised an alliance with the Republi
t can party. They said that they had
t been betrayed by the Democrats, and
that the only hope of protection for
sugar lay in a joining of hands with
the Republicans. They realized the
full Import of breaking with the Dam
ocratic party, but feeling that the ne
gro question was no longer an issue
land that the white race would forever
govern the Southern country, they said
0they had reached the conclusion that
d self-preservation required an ailhliation
with a party that would give them the
protection necessary for the prosperity
of the Industry which is the backbone
of the State.
The fellowing committee was ap
pointed on resolutions and it may be
said that the gentlemen named are
among the wealthiest and best known
in the State: Messrs. J. A. Ware, H.
McCall, D. L. Monnot, Charles Mat
thews, Louts Clark, B. A. Oxnard,
Charles Godchaux, D. S. Ferris, G. P.
Anderson, L. J. Sully, Charles Magin
nis, Wyley Thompson John Dymond,
W. 11. Chafee, G. Breaux .ionore
Duga1, W. P. Flower, Gen. *. Il. Bia
hand, T. Su fMa and Capt. J. N. Pharr.
The committee reported elaborate
resolutions, setting forth that the white
people of Louisiana and the planters
for many years had been loyal to the
Democratic party through victory and
defeat, but that the State had been be
trayed and a blow struck at its chief
industry .by that party, and caused its
absolute ruin, and that the nomination
of protection candidates and their elec
tion had become a necessity. The res
olutions were adopted by a rising vote.
It was decided to meet again on the
17th of September in this city when the
plans of the sugar planters will be per
fected. It was also decided to nomi
nate a candidate in the thlree sugar
districts and to atihliate with the R3
publicans.
The report of the committee on reso
lutions ffhich was adopted at the out
set declares: A crisis has arrived In the
politics of our State. Very many of us
who for many years co-operated withl
the Democratic party and have loyally
su pported its candidates have done so
withl the belief and with the aurance
that that party would maintain a fair
protection on the products grown by
us. We had personal and positive as
-surance from the Democratic candi
-date for the Pr'esidency. drover Cleve
land, (luring the late Presidential cam.
paign and we likewise had the personal
assurances of the leaders of tile Demo
cratic party to the same effect.
Drc'perate Plot.
FnANKl.owr, Ky., Sept. 15.-News of
a threatened outbreak at the penitenti
ar y has just been learned. Tih e UDat
field-Mc~oy gang, of Pike county, and
James F. Little, of Jireadoes and life
men, were concerned in tihe plot, which
was made known to Warden Gieorge
on Sunday by a prisoner who chanced
to overhear the men talking. It was
their purpose to make an attempt this
week as the guards and prisoners were
going to supper. With four large knives
made from files ground to a keen edge
and point, they intended to kill the
guards and take their weapons, kill the
guard on the wall between tile male
and female wards, and make their es
cape by passing over the wall. The
warden placed the plotters is irons and
in separated cells. All soon confessed
each saying that the others were the
traitors, except Wick Tallant, who
held out for thirty hours before he re
vealed the hiding place of tile knives.
Besides Little and Tallant, G~eorge
W~est, Htockingheiler, Mc(Joy, Cook and
a dozen others are known to have been
in the plot.
coat nim His ire,
BIRMINGHIAM, Ala,, Sept. d.-Near
Newaite, Tallapoosa county,' James
Ashley and his son Robert went into.
,the field where Robert Cross, a young
,farmer, was harvesting. Robert Ashley
held Cross while his father fIred seven
C, bullets into his body. Ashley fired as
3 long as Cross breathed, remarking, "I
,iam going to shoot as long as there is
.breath in the d-d rascal's body." Cross
went to church with Ashley's daughter
I Sun'day and kissed her. She reported
I the matter to her father and the mur
I der resulted. A posse is in piultn o
-the Ashleys and if caught, it is likely
that they will be ly-ched

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