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The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, February 09, 1870, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026917/1870-02-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XX
WEDNESDAY MORNING JANUARY 19, 1870.
NO 37.
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE,
out of prison, but: for jour Mo' doo
WM? door QiiroU^ td? wi
ooly betaken prisoner arni a, ?nd road
te gu flor more than you fa* now." Th
letter then want oo to ?peek of bl
kindness io the poor when he lived i
Lexington, ?od co nola dad by again os
honing hi?? to trust in God and wai
hts time. - What could thia mean? N
human being on the outside had bee
informed of bia intention to escape, an
{et, just j? all things were ready fu
im to make the attempt, hara comes
letter from Winchester, Kent ocky, ad?
vising bim not to try it. This lette
bsd passed through the examining offio
of General Mason, and then through th
hands of the lower officials. What if i
should excite their suspicion, and ctjus
them to exercise an increased vigilance
Their situation, howevor, was desperate
Their fate could not be much worse, anc
they resolved to go. Nothing remainec
now to be done, but for the General ant
Colonel Diok Morgan to ohaoge sells
The *hoar approached for them to bf
locked up. They ohanged coats, anc
each stood at the other's cell door wit!
his back exposed, and pretended to b<
engaged in making up their beds Af
tho turnkey entered they "turned in'
and pulled their doors shut. Six, eight
ten o'clock came. How each pulse
throbbed ns they quietly awaited thc
approach of twelve I .It caine-thc sen
tinel passed his round-all well. Aftei
waiting a few moments, to Ree if he in
fonded to slip bask, the signal was giveu,
all quietly slipped down into the air
chamber, first stuffing their flannel shirts
and placing them in bed as they were
accustomed to lie. As they moved quiet?
ly along through the dark recess to the
terminus whore they were to emerge
from tho earth, the - general prepared
to light a match. As tho lurid glare
fell upon, their countenances, a scene
was presented which can uever bc for
gotton. There wore crouched seven
brave tuen who had resolved to be free.
They were armed with bowie-knives
made out of case knives. Life, in their
condition was scarcely to bo desired,
and the moment for the desperate chance
had arrived. Suppose, as thoy emerged
from the ground, that the dog should
givo the alarm-they could but die.
Hut few moments were spout in this
kind of apprehension. The hour had
arrived, and yet they came. Fortuna?
tely-yes, providentially, the night had
suddenly grown dark and rainy ; the
dogs had retired to their kennels, and
the sentinels had taken refugo under
shelter. The .oner wall, by thc aid of
the rope ladder, was. sopn sealed, ami
now tho outer one had to bo attempted.
? apt. Taylor, (who, by the way, is a
nephew of old Zack.) being a very ac
(ive man, by the asistancc of his com?
rades, reached thc top of tho gate,and was
enabled to got tho rope over the watl.
When the top was gained they found a
rope extending all round, which thc
General immediately out, as he suspected
that it might load into the Warden's
room. This turned out to be correot.
They then entered the ceutry box on the
wall and changed their clothes, and let
themselves down the wall. lu sliding
down the General skinned his hand very
badly, &nd all wore more or less bruised.
Once down, the separated-Taylor and
Shelton going one way, Ilokersmith,
Bennett and McGee another, and Gene
ral M. and Capt. Hines proceeding im?
mediately towards tho depot. The (jener,
ral bud, by paying fifteen dollars in
gold, succeeded in obtaining .a paper
which informed him of the schedule
time of the different roods. Thc clock
struck ono, and he knew by hurrying he
could renell the down train for Ci nein
nati. He got there just us the train
was moving off. He ut one looked on
to soo if there wero any soldiers on
board, and espying a Federal officer, he
boldly wulked up and took a seat beside
him. He remarked to him thut, "as the
night was damp and chilly, perhaps he
would join him io a drink." He did so,
and the party soon became very agree?
able to each other. Thc cars in crossing
the Soioto have to pass within ushortdi*
. ance of the Penitentiary. As they passed,
the officer remarked : "There's thc hotel
at which Morgan and his officers are
spending their leisure." "Yes," replied
the General, "and I sincerely hope ho
will make up his mind to board there
during the balance of the war, for he is
a great nuisance." When the train
rcaahed Zenia it was detained by some
accident more than nn hour. Imagino
his anxiety, as soldier after soldier
would pass through tho train, for fear
that when the sentinel passed his round
at two o'clock their absence might be
discovered. The train was due in
Cincinnati at six o'clock. This was thc
hour at which they were turned out of
their cells, and ot course their escapo
would then be discovered. In a fow
moments after il would bo known all
over the country. Tho train, having
been detained at Zenia, was running
very rapidly to make up the time, lt
was already past six o'olook. The
General said to Capt. Hines: "It ts
aftor six, if we go to the depot wo are
dead men. Nowornevorl" They wout
to the rear and put voo the brakes.
"Jump, Hines 1" Off he went, and fell
heels over hoad in the mud Another
severo turn of the brake, sud the Gen
oral jumped He was moro successful,
and lighted on bis foet. Thore wcro
some soldiers noar, who remarked :
"What io the h-ll do you mean by
jumping off the oars here ?" The Gen?
eral replied : "What in the d-I ?6
the uso of my going into town when I
live here; and, besides what business is
it ofyoars?"
They went immediately to the river.
They found a skiff, but no oars. Soon
d little boy came ovor, and appeared to
be waiting. "What are you waiting
for?" ?aid tho General. "I am waiting
for my load." "What ia the price of a
load ?T' "Two dollars." "Well, as we are
tirod and hungry, we will give you the
two dollars, sod you oan put os over."
?ii ? .
Taree ?????.??? * ?T
.^THie?Tiw. OP Miri
(or ?jf.aawrtt
fron the Ohio Ptaltfrfifary.
Thifc ia certainly 006 of the1 most
wonderful achievement! recorded in
history j ?od .. dauert hps frequently
been expressed M to whether Moroni)
twily did escape or got onj by corrupting
(he officiels, the following account will
be read with interest II may be relied
OD as strictly nod accurately true, end
t? prepared Iroui notes wade by Col.
A luton at tho time and published in the
Richm?nd Enquirer., Capt. Hines not
only was not killed, bet lived to get
back to the Coo'ede.racy, and waa en-*
trusted afterward by the ?-overaaeot at
Richmond with a very dangerous mis
lion within the enemy's lines.
T> appreciate the difficulties of this
e?c'jpo one must have seen the prison.
It certainly required a boldness and des*
Eeration to uuJortake it, oven if there
ad boon no guards to elude; bnt with
such vigilance as was exorcised night
sud day by the officials, it was an un?
dertaking that would have caused almost
any other man than Morgan to shrink
from attempting
The cells of the prison in whioh they
were confined, consisted ot holes io a
great thick wall, 3} feet wido, ti} feet
high, and 6} feet long. They were
secured, first, by u grated iron door, and
then a sheet iron shutter,' which when
closed, excluded both light and air, and
no person could survive more than o
few days when this outside door was
closed Their beds consisted ot iron
bunks that were fastened by hinges to
the wall, and could oither be hooked up
or allowed to stand ou the floor, and to
prevent uuy suspicion, for several days
before uuy work was attempted they
made it a habit to let them down and sit
at their doors and road. Capt. Hines
superintended the work, while General
Morgan kept watch to divert the atten?
tion of the sentinel, whose duty it was
to come around during t ho day and ob?
servo if anything was going on. One
day this fellow came io whilo Hokcr
euiith was down under the floor boring
away, and missing him, said, "Where is
Hokeretnith ?" The General replied,
"He is in my room, sick/' and imme?
diately pulled a duoument out of his
pocket and said to him: "Here is a
memorial I have drawn dp to forward to
the Government at Washington-what
do you think of it?" The fellow, who,
perhaps, could not read, being highly
flattered at thc General's condescension,
took it and very gravely looked at it for
several moments before he vouchsafed
any reply. Then, hauding it back, he
expressed himself highly pleased with
it. Io thc meaoriino Hokersmith had
been signalled, ai>d came np, professing
to feel very unwell. T tis sentinel was
the most difficult,and dangerous obstaolc
in their progress, because there was no
telling at what time he would enter
during the day, and at night he oame
regularly every two hours to each cell
and inserted a light through the bars of
their door to sec that they were quietly
sleeping, and frequently after he had
completed his rounds, he would slip back
in the dark with a pair of India rubber
shoes on, to listen at their cells if any?
thing was going on. The General says
that ho would almost invariably know
of his presence by a certain magnetio
shudder which it would produco ; but
for fear that this aouto sensibility might
sometimes fail him, he broke op small
particles of coal every morning and
sprinkled it before the cell door, which
would always announco his coming.
Everything was now ready to bei*iti
tho work. So about tho latter part of
October they commenced to boro. All
were busy-one making a rope ladder
by tearing and twisting up strips of bed*
tick, another making bowio knives, and
another twisting up towels. They
labored perseveringly for several days,
tod after boring through nine inches of
cement, aud nine thicknesses of briok
placed edgewise, they began to wonder
wheo they should reach the soft earth.
Suddenly a briok fell through. What
could this mean? What infernal cham?
ber had they veaohed ? It was imme?
diately entered, and to their great
astonishment and joy, it proved to be an
air chamber extending tho wholo length
of the row of celia Hero was an unex
ptctcd interposition in their favor.
Hitherto they had been obliged to
coDceal their rubbish io their bedtioks,
each day burning a proportionate quan?
tity of straw ; now they had room enough
for ull they could dig. They at once
commenced to tunnel at right angles
with this air chamber, to get through
the foundation j and day after day they
bored, day ofter day the blocks of granite
were removed, and still the work before
them seemed interminable.
After twenty three day? ot unremit-J
ting labor, and getting through a gran?
ite wall ot six feet in thickness, they
reached the soil. They tunneled up for
some distance, and light began to shine.
How glorious was that light I It announ?
ced the fulfillment of theil labors, and if
Providence would only continue its ta
v?r, they would soon bo free. This was
the morning of the 26th day of Novem?
ber, 1863. The next night, at 12 o'?
clock, was determined on ss the hour at
which they would attempt their liberty.
K*oh moment that intervened was filled
with dreadful anxiety and suspense, and
each time the guard entered increased
weir apprehension!. The General says
be had prayed for rain, but the morning
ff the 27th dawned bright and boauti
tol- Tba evening oame, sod clouds
Ngia ttTgather. How they prayed for
mm to increase 1 If rain should only
Jegm, their ohanoe of deteotion would
fe greatly lesseoed. While these
Noughts woro passing through their
??od?, tho keeper entered with a letter
tor Genoral Morgan. He oponed it, and
'nat was his surprise, and I may say
*onder, to find it from a poor Irish
woman of his acquaintance in Ken
WJkf, commeooing, ??My dear Ginrii,
im co"?*n you sro going to try to git
So, over lie took them. I'Wboie doe?
' Mis?--live ?" " Just a short, distance
fror? here." "Will you show me her
hoase V ?Xe?, ?ttJf The Boase wes
roachedj a flue breakfast was soon ob
: tamed, money abd a horse furbished, a
good woman s prayer bestowed, and off
e went. From there forward through
' Kentucky everybody vied with eaoh
; other As to who shhuld show bim the
. most nt tent iou, even to th 3 negroes; and
young ladies of refinement begged the
'honor to cook his meals. He remained
io Kentucky Borne days, feoliog perfect?
ly sar?, and sending into Louisville for
many little things he wanted. Wont to
Bardatown, ?ind found a Federal regi?
ment had just arrived there looking for
him. Remained here and about for
threo or four days, and then struck out
for Dixio, sometimes disguising himself
as ? government oattle contractor, and
buy tug a large lot of oattle j at other
times a Quartermaster, until he got to
the Tennessee river. Here he found all
means of transportation destroyed, and
the bank strongly guarded; but with the
assistance of about thirty others, who
had recognized him and joined him in
spite of his remonstrances, he succeeded
iu making n raff, ned he and Capt.
Hines crossed over His escort, with
heroic self-sacrifice, refused to oross
until ho was safely over. Ho then hired
a negro to get his horse over, paying
him $20 for it. The river was so high
that the horso came near drowning, and
after more than ono hour's struggling
with tho Btrodtn was pulled out, so ex?
hausted as scarcely to bc able to stund.
The General threw a blanket over him
and commenced to walk him, when
suddenly, he says, he was seized with a
presentment that he would be attacked,
and remarking to Captain Hines, "We
will bo attacked in twenty minutes,"
commenced saddling his horse. He had
hardly tied his girth when "bang, bang,"
wetrt thc minnie balls. He bounced his
horse, and the noblo animal appearing
-to ho inspired with new vigor, bounded
off Uko a deer up the mountain. The
last ho saw of bis poor fellows on the
opposite side, they wcro disappearing up
tho river bank, fired upon by a whole
regiment of Yankees. Hy this time it
was dark, and also raining. He know
that a perfect cordon of pickets would
surround thc foot of tho mountain, and,
if he remained there until morning, he
would bc lost. So be determined to run
thc gauntlet at once, and commenced
to descend. As he neared thc foot,
leading his horse, be came almost in
personal contact with a picket. His first
impulse was to kill him, but finding bim
a-dtep, be determined to let him sleep
ou. Ho made his way to the house of
a Union man that he knew lived there,
and went up and passed himself off as
Captain Quartermaster of Hunt's Regi?
ment, who wuson his way to Athens,
Tenn., to procure supplies of sugar and
ciiffuo for thc Union people of the conn?
try. Tho lady, who appeared to be
asleep while this interview was taking
place with ber husband, at thu mention
of sugar and coffbe, jumped out of bed
in her night cloth's, and said, "Thank
Cod for that, for we aiutseen any rale
coffee up here (of God knows bow long !"
She was so delighted at* the prospect
that she made up a fire and cooked them
a good supper. Supper being over, thc
General remarked that be understood
sonic rebels had "tried to cross the river
this afternoon." "Yes," said the woman,
"but our men killed some on um, and
driv tho rest back." "Now," says thc
General, "I know that, but didn't some
of them get over?" "Yes," was her re?
ply, "but. they aro on the mountain, and
can't get down without being killed, as
every road is stopped up." He thcu
said to ber, "It is very important for
mc to get to Athens by to morrow night,
or I may lose that sugar and coffee, and
I am afraid lo go down any of theso
roads, for fear my own men will kill
me." Thc fear of losing that sugar and
coffee brought her again to an ac?
commodating mood, and she replied :
"Why, Paul, kan'f you show thc Cap?
tain through our farm, that road down
by .the field f" The General says, "Of
course, if you can do it, nnd as tho night
is very cold, I will {?.ive you $10 (in
gold) lo help you along." Tho gold,
and the prospect of sugar and coffee, was
too-much for any poor man's nerves,
and he yielded, and getting on a horse,
he took then soveu miles to tho big
road.
From this tinto forward bc bad a sc*
ries of adventures and escapes, nil very
wonderful, until hn got near another
river in Tennessee, when be resolved to
go up to a hoi.se and find thc way.
Hines went to thc .house, while the
General stood in the road. Hearing a
body of cavalry como dashing on behind
bim, be quietly slipped to ono sido of
the road, and it passed without observ?
ing bim. They went traveling after
Hines, and, poor fellow, be hus not boen
beard of sinco. How sad to think that
ho should either bo captured or killed
after so many brave efforts, not only in
his own he h alf, but also in that of the
Genera , for the General says that it is
owing chiefly to Hines' enterprise and
skill that they -nude their escape.
When he arrived at the river referred
to above, he triod tn get over, intending
to stop that night with a good Southern
man on the other side. He oould not
get over, and bad to remain at tho house
of a Union man. The next morning ho
went to tho house that ho hod sought
tho night previous, and found the traok
of tho Yankees scarcely cold. They had
been there all night, expeoting he would
come tliero, and had mlrdcrod everybody
who had attempted to reach the house
without halting thom. In pursuing this
brutal course, they had killed three
young men, neighbors of fins gcntlroan,
nod went away leaving their dead bodies
on tho ground.
Alter ho had orossod Oboy'e river, and
got down into middle Tcnne-soe, he
found it almost impossible to avoid ? re*
cognition. .At one time bc pissed tomo
poor women, ?od OB? them com
menced clapping %er hands ?od said,
"Oh, I koow ?rho that ls; I know Who
that is !" bat, catching herself, ?he
.topped ?hort nod patted on , with ber
companions.
Tho General saja that bia escape was
made entirely without tho assistance
from any one on the outside, and, so far
at he knows, also without their know?
ledge of his intention; that the announce*
ment of his arrival at Toronto was - one
of those fortuitous coincidences that
eaunot be accounted for; that it assisted
him materially, no doubt. Io fact, he
says that his "wife's prayers" saved
him ; and, as this was the most agreea?
ble way of explaining it, he was de?
termined to beliove it. .,
The above aooouot may be relied on
as correct ; and, although' much has'
been left out, yet enough is printed to
stamp jt as one of the most.remarkable
escapes in history.
27,206 Pounds Soea^ Cotton on six
Acres*
Thc mode of Culture-Letter from Col
JJ. G. Jjoetceii.
.Since tho Fair, we have received seve?
ral hundred letters, making inquiry
as to Col. Lock et t's mode of cultivating
eotton, by which ho produced the un
paralleled result of 18 bales to six aeres.
Not being able to unswer so many
enquiries by letter, we called upon Col.
Lookett for a letter for publication, sod
now have the pleasure of presenting his
system to the cotton plan tors of the.
South, and that our numerous enquirers
may see it, we respectfully request tho
entire Press of the Qotton state to pub?
lish it :
ALBANY, GA., Deo., 20, 1309.
COL. C. W. STYLES
Dear Sir:-I had prepared and
planted six acres of land io cotton this
year, the result of which (twenty seven
thousand two hunnred and six pounds
of seed cotton,) was intended for the
Georgia State Fair.
The premium having boen awarded
Jordan & Lockett for the greatest yield
on two aores, I am rcoeiviug many letters
asking information as to the mode of
preparation and cultivation of this land
1 hope, therefore, you will havo the
kindness to publish tho following state?
ment for the benefit of all wishing to
know :
Thc land w.ts first broken with the
Watt & Knight-A. B. plow, the large
mould board attached, brcuking the laud
about six inches deep. This was done
tho-latter part of January. The lund
remained ?ti this condition until ready to
bc planted, which was done on tho 24th
of April. The rows were laid off five
feet apart, with au ordinary scooter plow,
following in each iurruw with a double
wing shovel sixteen inohes long and
eleven inches wide, drawn by two mules.
In this furrow was distributed about
one hundred and fifty bushels of well
rotted horse lot manure, and three
hundred pounds of'Mohn Merry mau &
Co's animoniatcd dissolved bones," per
acre. This was theu covered with the
Watt & Knight A. B? plow,small mould
board attached, following in each furrow
with a sub soi I plow, breaking in all
about fifteen ?oohes deep. As soon as
the preparation was completed, tho seed
was plauted, putting one bushel per acre,
with the Dow Law planter.
As soon as the cotton was large
enough, it was plowed with tho sweep,
cuttiog tweuty four inches wide, and
one half inch deep, and was at oneo
chapped to a stand, using the No. 2
Schovcl hoe, leaving one and two, and
sometimes three stalks-the width of
the hoe-and os near as we could, ten
thousand stalks per each aero. The
cotton was hoed twice and plowed seven
times, using each time tho twonty four
inch sweep, and ncvor cutting over one
half inch deep. It was cultivated with
twenty one furrows, but equally as good
work could have been done with fifteen
furrows, by using a sweep a few inches
wider.
I am also asked my opinion relative
to the number of stalks that should be
left on the acre to make the greatest
yield. There is great diversity of opin?
ion upon this subject. My experience
has been, that much depends upon tho
varioty of cotton seed planted. Those
planting that variety of cotton which
grows large, with long limbs, will never
make a large yield by leaving eight or
ten thousand stalks on an aero, while
the prolific or short limb cotton will do
better with this number than less.
I have endeavored to answer intelligi?
bly and concisely all the questions ask?
cd, and hope the statement may hoof
benefit to those asking the informa?
tion.
Below I hand you tho evidonoe of J
the yield, furnished the oommittee at the
State fair.
Most respectfully yours,
B. G. LooitKTT
Tho land was first flushed with the
Watt <t- Knight "A B" plow, the large
mould hoard attached, breaking about
six inches deep. A few days before
planting, the rows were laid off with
tho ordinary seontor plow, five feet wide,
followed by a double wing shovel plow,
sixteen inohes long by oleven in hes
wide, drawn by two mules. Io this
furrow was put about one hundred and
fifty bushels horse lot manure, and three
hundred pounds John Merrymao & Co's
"am mon a ted disolved bones," per aere.
We bedded upon this with the Watt
ft Knight "A B" plow, small mould
attaohsd, following In eaoh farrow with
a sub-soil plow, breaking in all about
fifteen inohes deep. '
On tito 24th dav of April lt was
planted. The seed planted ll known as
the "Hoot Variety." This eotton was
plowed seven times'with tho swoop,
...lb. \*
A.tBABY, GA., Nov. 15, I860.
Wo turebj eurtifV that ve weighed
the oottoi picked from the foregoing
?rea of Und, (?ls ?od eighty eight thou
MDths acres,) tad wo found the total
amount gathered to be twenty seven
thousand tiro hundred and iix pounds
teed cotton, one-third of which, u'y aine
thousand and aixty?eight and two third
pounds, we weighed and had gined and
S" aoked, showing a result of twenty eight
undred and eighty four pounds Rut
cotton, an average of fourteen hundred
and twenty ?nd* two thirds pounds per
acre.
JOB? W. ALLEN,
C. II. CAMFIELD,
Y. G. RUST.
ALBANY, QA., Nov. 18, 1869.
X hereby certify that I have earefulty
surveyed a paroel of land pointed out to
me hy Capt. J. W. Allen, aa that from
which he has this year gathered 27,206
pounds seed cotton, and that I fiud the
ares of said paroel of land to be six and
eighty-eight thousanths aores.
Taos. A. E. EVANS,
Civil Engineer and Surveyor.
?The Macon Telegraph de Messenger
says "two thousand stalks.1' This is an
orror of eight thousand.
The above is hard to believe, but ?tis
nevertheless, strictly and accurately true.
We know the parties who certified to
the weighing. We know the Civil En?
gineer who measured the land, and we
are unhesitating in our endorsement, not
only ot their high character fur ictegri*
ty, but their business capacity and ac?
curacy. We are thus emphatic in.this
endorsement, for wo have heard a great
many practical and sincere planters ex?
press a positive incredulity, that an aore
of land could produce more than two
bales of cotton. The Romans were
right in their proverb, that no rann had
ever discovered what an acre of land
oould produce-[ED. PLANTATION.]
- A woman recently ontered a store
in Connecticut and sat down in front of]
an iron safe to warra. She remarked
that she "never did like thom kind of
stoves-they didn't throw out any heat,
those gas-bur oers didn't.
Just Received,
Fall aud Winter Stock.
. AT
I . E. SUARES.
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
BOOTS and SHOES,
CLOTHING,
Together with a variety of other Good?.
Old Bye Whiskey.
Th? Subscriber wishes to nnnomico thut be
will bein cund?ant receipt ol the COPPER DIS?
TILLED MOUNTAIN PURE and UNADUL?
TERATED
WHITE & COLORED RYE WHISKEY,
Direct from the Distillery at Ilannlsrille, Berk
ley County, Western Virginia.
-AXSO
Brandies, Gin, Wines. Porter & Ale,
All of the Best Brands. Also
A CHOICE LOT OF SEGAR S.
J. E. Snares,
MAIN STREET, WEST 8IDE.
Sept 29_Snmter, S. C.
F ii rn itu rc
-AT
THE SUMTER
FURNITURE WARER00MS,
A LARGE LOT OF <
Bedsteads and Chairs,
AND
Cottage Setts,
The Subeerlhor ls reeoiving and will continuo
to receive a stook of
FURNITURE.
diroet from th? manu fa c tory, emitting of almost
orery article in that line.
J. E. SU ARES,
Main Street, opposite the Express Office.
Sept 29 H ti m tor, S. C.
Manufaotarod by
Harbeck, Conkiin A Willis,
Manufacturer? <\f
Stoves, Tin and Japan od "Ware,
And Agents for
Karine and Enalind Ware.
For tala by
L. P. LQDUNG, Agent,
Sm?+*- . , ?.C.
INBTJE
,g &?J?TE1
LTVTERPOOL "AKD LONDON
f
D GLOBE
Insurance Ctempany.
Capital. Surplus and Reserved Fonds,
in Gold, ?17/700,000.
Seventeen Million and Soven Hundred
Thousand Dollars-IN GOLty,
Invented in tho United Statca,Two Mil?
lions of Dollars. $2,000,000.
Risks in Sumter, taken at Charleston
rutes.
Residences in i7te Country Tiwwr
edat LOW Rates.
Losses paid promptly in Charles?
ton.
On the payment of Ten Years
premiums in CASH, a perpet?
ual policy will be issued.
ly ixisurance ?gctit,
?, S. C. > . . >
Si IFS.
Brooklyn Mutual Ufe Inaii
rance Go., of Now York; v
Annual Income near.y Half a
Million of Dollars.
Character well known in Sum?
ter.
Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance
Company, of Hartford.
Assets at Market Taino, Four Million
Throe Hundred Thousand
. Dollars. ?4,300,000.
LOMOS paid io Gash, Seven Hundred
and Sixty-eight Thousand
Dollars. $768,000
This Company has never contested a
cl Ni ra.
TERA S-HALF CASH; HALF NOTE.
CHAS. H. MOISE,
^ Insurance Agent,
Sumter, S. O.
Nor 17 _, 8m
It is a proven- ^ga^^^^^W^^^^r^ N0 BITTERS
tive of Chills, a /j^PMH equal to them,
sure cure for ^^l&^^^^^^^^Z^^^?^ ^0T ^ weak.
Dyspepsia,^^^^^^W^^^^^^-^ For the pale.
Cholera Mor-^^^^2?^? ^^^^0r 8ioWy?
tion, Nervous V~r^^^^^^^^0^^^r^>?.. For females.
Debility, Dae- :'W^^^^^^^^hi^ For spring use.
light?ul Bever- )^^Q^^^^?^v^^^0r?. U8e it with
age, a pleasant ^^5v^^fea?S?jpSS^i^^^^vA| wonderful suc
tonic, aninval- TO E GRj&AT cess. "Brings
uable traveling ^j^r^^^^^T'l^l^ ^^^Sl^?l1 ??l0r fcf ^ *
Bloom and Beauty to the thia Face and Care-worn countenance. Cures Fever
and creates Appetite.
THE BEST IN USE.
Recommended by the JJigliett Medical Authority vi the State. See Circulare
around each Bottle.
TRY TH KM. USE NO OTHER. Ask for SUMTER BITTERS. Sold bj Druggists and dre?
cera. Se? that our signature ls over the cork, of etch bottle. ? 1
DO WIE & MOISE.
PROPRIETORS AND WHOLESALE DRUQOISTS, CHARLESTON, S. 0.
Ont 1* 4m .
Piedmont and Arlington
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
THOSE TWO STAUNCH COMPANIES, THE PIEDMONT
AND "ARLINGTON" HAVE COMBINED UNDER
THE ABOVE NAME, AND PRESENT, IN THE
SHORT TIME OF TWO YEARS, A
LIST OF OVER
Eight Thousand Insurers and a Capital
and Assets of over One Million and
a Half of lb lars,
ATTAINING TO A POSITION ND IMPORTANCE AMONG
Life Insurance Companies
never before reached in so short a time.
Rights of Policy Holders in both the "Piedmont" and "Arlington"
will remain unchanged, and the same ns before.
New and advantageous features in the new
Company, will be allowed the old Insurers co-equal
with the new ones
liiere are Branch Offices in each Slate, Xohere funds accruing art
invented, and not taken beyond State limits,
-o
Branch Office in this Stnto at Columbia,
LE Al'H A UT, JEFFERSON AND HANSOM, Managers.
H. H. MOSES, Agent.
Office ot J. T. SOLOMONS' Store.
REVERENCES:
Capt. A. A. Gilbert, Capt. E. W. Moine, Capt. Joo. 8. Richardson
Oct 6
WANDO FERTILIZER.
Manufactured at the Wando Works?
IN CHARLESTON, & C.
It is s home made article, sod proven to be the heel FERTILIZER now iu
THE -w Masrr>o
CAN bs bad at all tiraos Md la aay qeaotlty,bjr spacing to the Subscriber, ia SUMTER.
ELISHA CARSON, Agent,
For Sunit?r Ootmty .
Oct 27- 8mv
ase.
WI
MamrfactnTed by ft ft Pray
moon ?um wram?&&
MONEY SAVED, IS MONES
CHEAP ANO FASHIONABLE SHOi||?
?Qi-m Ki*o**^jj$
(b7?%tum? o KO KU g A Nil CALHO?^T\f?f1
?nd for warding ttottk to ur by avarjr-tyei
?an ?rsuro our frfoodi and bujera M?#M
tte will give perfect satisfaction.'' U ,#w
tho Interest of Country and City buyer?'
us a oall and examine uttr stock wbtcb 1
been repton ishod. .
oot is :
HOLMES mm
MANUPACTDRKHS, IwrontEns
PAW ^ om
Varnishes, 5
No.-- 205 ^Ust-^tp
VT. B. UULMII. ; Wr
REFERENCES. .
' Col. L. M. Hatch; Gen. JobnHon.Hngoodi
0. Dnkos 4 Go, Oot. Charles II. Blwonto
Sprott, Esq; Col. J. B-. E. Sloan.;'' ^'Z'-'i
Oot 18 ' tOrStS*
Wu. IlAnnAt,. Wir. HAw'^i!^
WM. BARRAL & ?(M
(n A3} BA fr, NICHOLS aV-?.C^.i^
No. ia. HATN* STABIIT, p;M
Charleston, Si>0?'M*J
WE RESPKCTPUVI?t^^V^t?^
tentlon of ?he raoncbsnf* 'of. So tn td?'?
:he H<)jncent country, to opt well tfl^ted's*!
if t?nd.llery, Saddlery IlArdwnre; CoaA"*a???ffi
fleas Materials, eoeslstiog in pert 'OP 0?? VTr?^?
SADDLES, . VlirPfl.i^^
LUIDLES. VOhtf?im
HARNESS,
STOKES, , AjL?vtm;m
RIMS. ..'V, 8H?K
ENAMELED CLOTHS. PATENT
LEATHER, ll A RN KrlS hSATgSSSm
oct. ia. **r^--:m$m
; Campsen Milir g
?RECEIVED THE
Ut Premium at thc, So. Va. Seato" .'Xtitj!l&
?i ^Columbia, UfSfcji?*
npi?B undersigned ? ffcr to their ronntry
I. and the pullio in geuorat a choice a
trtlcie of Flour.
We buvo on bond and aro grinding
tupply of choice
Family: Extra & Super
ALSO.
Northern and Western Flour at lowest j?otW
(?rio?. (.
Corn, Oats ?ntl Hay. :
S.Ono Busbelt Primo Whit? Corn.
LO?O " " Oat?.
)C0 Ba " hasirrnanrt Nr?RWi
JOHN CAMPSEN- ? <>
- Charleston,
Dec 8 . .
WM G. WHILDEN:^^HB
WM BT 15 US A XI) JOUD?ftS ? ft^^??
137 Meeting-St?^i
WATCIIES, JEWELRY Atf^
SILVER WAUEo'..1'^^
.55 KINO STRICKT cor. of lkc^^m
CH A II L1C S TON, S. U-$$m&
PeptS_ m '-."lfW$ffl
FOREST novsmi
100 KING STRKKT, *
. Charleston, S, tf^M
BY GEO il GE L t???tf#$|
BOARDING. ; M
rrnnslent Roird, ono or two dsvs. $2 f?) per ilny"-j??M
I'ransient I'.mrd, ? or moro days. f l,.r?tVp*>d*y?.^rcaW
.tegular Rotud fV.f.O to $8 rrj p<-> ?TAtf^^H
Dr, y I! on rd .... H
Having recently token tMs liirpp and i^erj^f.^ '/**8fc*
louse, a fow doorsbelour Market xis'Ina^d^lff?BS
n a delightful and convenient tec.-i'.-../, rt.vtb.O/
?u?ln<?? community, and thoroughly. io>ii?vHit<rJ .?aHB
kn.! refurnished lt tn all depart ideate ', I npi tiry.'V^^jSB
)?rcd to socommodato IJonrdcts at tb? fcodcrnVfr ?'?Sfc
>r?ces na staled abotre, and promtso 'tijtifi tyStyP^f- 'st?gg
'aetlcn, both a* tr. sleeving nreomnaodstlmv.?<??K>^v^ffl
able fare RKMEMRKR tll? Ne\.ll^^?ffiKfi?M
, tit ER T. .. ' v,^I?Si?H
??i"?._,,M ' -S?
MILL ??OX?> & cn^^mH^
OYSTERS, y^^m,
C? PPPLIV.D In ananlltles tn; -.sitU pti?^?V^^
O Orders from all part* o? tlrt l^.V?,.^.?i.4rWt/ "^
Sirvas WX&iKA-nWP/th M w- r M
^rjtv^if li. Dlag?y J, ?ii? : = . .J i nlJ. '

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