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The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, February 16, 1870, Image 2

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t^?tW ir A CIRCOIT J?DQ?.
%)m%*r<a %U?r at Ike C?pll*l-a?sm?e
Pjyp ?)!?>? IV*k? l.?Me-Mkem>>?r* Pa M
B3fc*"?M*?* <??lr voiea-A Seen? of Aw
Bfr^BS^liiy^?^!^!^ II ai?, Bl o wa,
gBgP&tolr* rWMala-Corbla ?fuella ?fe?
Wf#lie ocene which oeturred oo Friday
^Nr>> *P. ?be Legislature of tb? State, io
iP^li to thc election of a Circuit Jadge,
Mm'^i*'^* tobavo boen eren more disgrace
H&*M,J? possible, than aoy that has pre
Rfe-^e<l?4 it, linea the present corrupt
Hfta^^minlstraiiou obtained the reigns of
fej:Wo take th) following description of
wk?0-'? *^cne from tho Columbia Guardian
P?yof Saturday last :
j[y*< Yesterday waa tho day set apart for
^V?-'ihe election of a judgo for tho fifth cir
fyi'Xcult, to fill the vacancy occasioned by
$<\ tho death%f Judge Boozer. The night
i.^/\/previous (Thursday) there was a caucus
f.V.-v.i of the legislators, at which the merits
of the different candidates wore warmly
discussed, and the eleotors entertained
/ with some buncombe by ono or more of
Wg the nominees. For the past weok it has
ri. been generally understood that S. W.
- Welton would be the coming judge, and
c* - tho election yesterday verified the sup
Proposition. On the first ballot S.W.
/ /' Melton, Ksq., was declared duly elected
fifa judgo ot the filth circuit, he having rc
'' -.. oeived 68 votes-03 being necessary to
.v choice.
ftj We have finished with the actual
;". clectiou wnen we give tho nanto of thc
j ' successful party and the number of votes
H cast in his favor j but tho scenes incident
6? to the election were sueh as we have
never witnessed before, and which we
believe were never heard of this side
K . :of"-our present Congress.
After the ballot had been token, there
kjjpk was such engineering, gagging and
t brow-beating ns ?rc not practiced else
ara where (han in thc present South Caroli?
na Legislature. Tho President of thc
joint assembly (D. T. Corbin) was
j utterly uuuble to proceed with business,
, vowing to the disorder among the incm
; "hers. Elliott, Leslie, Du Large and
, J ! Johnston were the leaders in tho uproar.
In other words, they were tho ''big
guns," which were well supported by a
largo number of smaller onus. Elliott
& kept the floor for half an hour or more,
i in spite of the commands of tho Prcsi
? ' dent to "come to order." While Elliott
(and hali thc other members nt the simo
/ time) were (-peaking, there was quite an
' ; " ingouious piece of engineering going on
to defeat tito candidate, whom Elliott
vigorously opposed Quite a rapid change
wan for n timo mndo in the result of the
oloction by members changing their
votes in favor of M ut ray. During tho
confusion De Large and others pounced
on these vacillating members, and
managed to get thurn out of thc hall, or
persuade them from their intention of
, * . changing their votes, while Elliott
covered their movements by keeping the
s ' floor and haranguing the assembly.
Cqrbin made at least ooo dozen inef?
fectual attempts to declare thc result of
thc election, but Elliott was in his way.
, .k .White Corbiti carno down with h?s gavel
steadily for tho space of fivo miuutcs or
inore, Elliott continued his cries of "Mr.
President." Every time the gavel came
down, Elliott drowned the souud with a
eon'8c, loud "Mr. President." It was a
trial of skill as lo who was capable of
contributing the most tu tho great
disorder reigning at thc lime, aud Elliott
proved the victor. Tho President be?
came disheartened, and permitted Elliott
to proceed. Cries of "order," "sit
down," "sergeant ot-nrms," "Mr. Presi?
dent, &c, now came from nil parts of the
house-oven from tho gallery.
All persons were now ordered to leave
# except mcmbors of thc General Assem
bly, out many of these, becoming dis?
gusted with tho shameful and boisterous
behavior of tho "statesman," took
ad vantage ol'thc open doors and left the
hull. Motions were made to adjourn,
to dissolve. ?o suspend, but each tn turn
was lost. Corbin proved himself to be
thc wrong man in the right place. Ile
moy be good at copying New York
Codes, and framing phosphate bills, but
he is "not nt home" in thc chair. Tom
l'mson seemed to bo thc man who best
understood thc situation of affairs, for
he wus to be seen elbowing his way
/ through the crowd and on np to the
'chair, when he whispered to Corbin, and
tho worn out President dropped into his
sent, and Toutlinson rot tu ned to his
y place, and made n motion to thc effect
(hat the President keep his scat and
refuse to proceed willi business until
members should come to order. After
waiting about thirty minutes, amid thc
fiersisicnt efforts of'somo of the most
mistcrous to take (he floor anti get thc
President's recognition, thc mcmbors
having divided themselves inlo com?
mittees of two, throe, fivo and a dozen
to take tho rounds and induce order, and
. thc manipulators haring completed their
several jobs in inducing a sufficient
number to chango their votes so
as to secure ibo election of their fa
vorite, thc confusion subsided sufficient?
ly to nllow the result of the election to
bo declared. Then there followed bur
rahing, shouting, tossing of hats to the
ceiling of tho hall, jumping on chairs
and desk?, shaking of hands, and a gen*
eral rush for tho door. The joint, ?ss
sembly and tho House ol' ll o prose nt a?
lives adjourned wit Inuit ceremony, every
member rushing pell-undi for the door.
When the confusion was at its highen
pitch, Leslie, with his nasal twang,charg?
ed upon the members the fi-iorl tn bri?
bery and corruption, and demaiidcd thc
appoinluiorit of a coinuiittuo to investi,
gate tho matter. Ile said he had proofs,
and plenty of thom, (hut such was the
CaSO< Lut if he failed in his endeavors,
Johusou he said would know where the
money wns, as he had not received his
blii-rc. L is said il Johnston did not ? oe
- tho "light" many others did. Tho last
we h. rmi of tho affair thc members were
having knock down arguments over thc
, result of the electivo.
--
JjT*r*> '..
The following is Another nccount,
which wo tako from tho t?l?graphie
columns of the Charleston Xe Wi, of
I Saturday last:
COLUMBIA, Februury ll.
The liv o housei mot In joint assembly
at 1 o'oloek, to f/fect a Judge for thc
Fifth Circuit, Sooator D. T. Corbin, pro
y'e *d">R\ f . ?
A very largo number ot person? was
';o present, .
W. J. Whipper nominated Colonel
8. W. Mellon, of Columbia. Thc fol
lowing also 'Dominated : 8colt Bl array,
of Anderson; W. E. Earle, of Greenville;
Coy Wingo, colored, of Spartaobnrg ;
Thompson H. Cooke, of Orangeburg;
Leroy F. Youmans, of Edgcfieid ; C. W.
Montgomery, of Newberry, and D. T.
Corbin.
Long Speeches were made in favor of
the different candidates.
Upon the first ballot the vote stood :
Melton 66, Murray 46, Karie 5, Mont?
gomery 2, Wingo, 1.
When tho ballot waa announced and
it waa found that Melton had not a ma?
jority, the agents of Murray moved
around among the members, paying
them to change their votes. Some of
them did so?, but tbe majority ohaogod
their votes in /aver of Melton, elocting
him on the next ballot.
There was great excitement before the
vote was announced, and attempts were
made to dissolvo the joint assembly.
Charges of bribery sud corruption
were made against tbe friends of Murray,
and a committee of investigation was
called for.
When tho vote was announced the
members chcorcd, slung their hats and
coats iu the air, and waved them and
the ohairs over their heads.
The joint assembly dissolved in con?
fusion.
But for the coolness and determina?
lion of Senator Corbin, there would have
been a free fight on tho floor of the
House after the adjournment.
B. Henderson, a colored representa?
tive, struck Wilder, the colored post'
master, and a general row seemed
imminent. Two or tinco pistols were
drown, but the disturbance was quelled
without damage to any one.
It is understood that a resolution for
tho expulsion of Henderson will bo
introduced on Monday.
Outsido tho capitol building several
persons got to fighting. The Governor
cunio ont, aud at his request tho comba?
tants dispersed.
. Judge Melton has qualified and takes
his scat on Monday. He wits elected as
a mun who accepts thc situation, b?t is
not u Republican.
In thc Scnato, thc House bill for thc
better protcctiou of laborers was read o
first time. Tho Educational bill, willi
the House amendments, was agreed to
In tho House, thu following bilh
were read a first timo: By Tora?nsoo,
to enforce a uniform system ofnsscssmcui
and taxation by municipal bodies; bj
Whipper, relativo to taking bail ir
criminal cases, und a bill concerning
master's apprentices aud scrvauts.
Thc following were ' read a scconc
time : To authorize tho purchase of th?
property of the Columbia Bridge Com?
pany ; the Senate bill to amend the ac
to iucoporato thc Charleston Board o
Trude ; thc Scnato bill to pr?vido fot
thc formation of religious, charitabh
and educational associations.
Both houses adjourned to Monday
W E DN ES PAY, FEB. IO?
?7A. GILBERT -- - - - - - - ?OlTOt
POLITICAL.
Thc press of thc State, for some tim
past, has been discussing, with con
siderablc earnestness, and some dil
ference of opinion, our political present
and future course, and, wc think, in th
main, too much has been said on tin
subject. Or, perhaps, our iden woul
bc best expressed, when we say that, i
our opinion, some things impraden
have been said.
Some advocate a third parly-som
think that "Democrat" should b
dropped, and all tho anti radical clo
mcntsofthc Slato mustered togcthc
under some now nuino-some think w
should fight it out under thc "Demo
eratic" (lug-some that a platform shout
bc agreed upon generally and put fortl
upon which all conservative clcmcnl
could bc brought, while others think tlit
every paper, in every county, should h
left alone to battle through on its ow
position.
Wc do not believe that there ca
long continno to bo two parties in thi
State, much less three. In thc mail
those who now constitute thc Stat
government, cannot continue in oflict
and in tho lead. Thu colored peopli
to whom fhoy are entirely indebted fe
their position, give signs of ibis on a
sidos. It will bo impossible for th
"carpet bagger" nnd thc "scalawag" t
delude these people much longer. An
when they aro forced to retiro, thci
places will bo filled by moro hone:
men, and the mass of the intelligence (
thc State will givo shape and dircctio
to our alfa i rs.
Thc Radical party has found ils lil
-its whole life-ils strength-il
whole strength, and breath, in thcagitt
lion of tho negro question. Nothing
in the future, is now more olear thu
that this agitation must subside-i
fact, disappear from ibo politics uf til
country. The passage of thc fourtcent
and fifteenth amendments make th
almost certain. With thc disappcuraut
of this great, life-giving theme, corni
thc disintegration of tho Radical part;
As a parly, it hus no other dietincth
feature, and is united or nothing clso.
Declaring in favor uf equal rights nu
low taxation, and against dishooe
government, we have, in our opinioi
tho whole matter in a nut sholl.
. ?. ? .?? -
A BANK AT SUflTKR.
There can now bo no doubt as to tl
entire practicability of tho established
of a Bank at Sumter. This is beoomic
apparent to capitalists beyond our ow
limits j and, we have been pleased
learn, that the proper steps forward, c
thc part of our merchants, would oct
laiujy rcaliso fur us this much ncodt
addition tn our business community -
Thc subscription of a few thousac
dollars, on their part, which might et i
be rendered available, ff desirable, t
thom, for their bu^iucss purposes, ia
'???ijt- ' ; ^W.-iv'/- >; V -it.' ? .. ,
?hort tim? after the ?ubaeript?on wa?
?ade*, with an eahibit of the extent of
oar commercial baalaen, would secure
the necessary aid in capitol to put the
bank iu operation. Of the ad va u t?gc to
Sunter, of such an institution, in at?
tracting business end attention here, es
a growing eentre of trade, for thu poi*
tion of the State, much might be said.
Oar people hare caught the spirit of
progress, population is constantly flow?
ing in to ns, and our places of business
aro increasing, as well as the diversity of
our pursuits. The honest, industrious
mechanic, the bone and sinew, and
main basis of prosperity of every com?
munity, is coming to our midst.
Tbe shipments of cotton, sales of goods
and proceeds of trade generally, now
amount to more than a million and a
half io the coarse of a twelvemonth, and
i this might be largely increased, with
?tho facilities which a banking institu?
tion would bring to us. Thou, let
us have a bank, if we would koop
tho wind in our sails, and tho tide of
prosperity setting in upon us.
INOBNIOVS INVENTION.
We had muoh pleasure, a few days
since, in making examination of the
"Surprise trap," a most ingenious con?
trivance, invented and patentod by Mr.
W. J. Clarkson, a native Carolinian,
and formerly a resident of Sumtor. As
a ?rat trap" alone, we regard it as far
superior to anything we havo ever seen
in this country, and, if generally used,
it seems to us, would soon so diminish
tho rauks of this pestiferous little de?
stroyer as to successfully abate the nui?
sance. For capturing other destructive
animals, it seems to bc equally well
adapted. Altogether, it is, in our
opinion, one of tho most useful of the
smaller inventions of thc day. It is Mr.
Clarkson's purpose either to sell the
right for the wholo country to some
enterprising manufacturer, or to manu?
facturo himself. In either event, we
trust bc may experience that enlarged
measuro of success his invoutivo genius
merits.
Thc Georgetown Times speaks ns
follows of this invention :
"Every kind of expedient has been
resorted to, to destroy rats, ooous, opos?
sums, and other destroyers of grain,
fruits, &c. We saw a few days ago, au
[ingeniously contrived trap, which can
' not fail to be thoroughly efficient. It
consists of a square box, with an aper?
ture, over which revolves a wheel that
works by a spring, to which is attached
thc bait. As soon as Mr. Hat takes
hold of the morsel, tho upper paddle* of
the wheel suddenly springs over, and
knocks him into a box below. Finding
himself in a beul box, he rushes for tho
light, which he sccs through a grated
door-this lifts and allows him to enter
a prison cell, whcrolio is obliged to re?
main, for he cannot return-there is no
"open sesame." Tho invention is by
our friend, W. J. Clarkson. We have
no doubt it will bo an important acqui?
sition to our planters and farmers
Legislative.
MONDAY, FEB. 7-Senate-No quo?
rum.
HOUSE-Notice was given of a bill to
incorporate tho citizens' passenger rail?
way company of Columbia.
The education bill passed, and re?
turned to thc Senate for concurrence in
amendments.
Hills incorporating the Comet Light
infantry and Randolph Riflemen, of
'Charleston, Lincoln Guards of St. Ste?
phens, and thc Sauteu National Guards,
(ull negroes) were passed and sent to
Scout c.
Bill to provide a genoral olection of
County officers passed aud ordered to be
enrolled.
TUESDAY, FEB. 8-Scuate-No quo?
rum.
HOUSE-Whipper introduced a bill
to amend thc law which now regulates
thc drawing of jurors.
The Labor -:Bill was read a second
time, and ordered to bo engrossed.
Thc now code passed to section 800.
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 9-Scnato
Leslie made a report from thc Commit
tee on thc letter of George Alden, mer?
chant, of Camden, complaining of tho
excessive rates of freight of tho South
Carolina Railroad. Thc report was
accompanied by tho opinion of tho At
toi ney General, and was ordered for
consideration lo-morrow
HOUSE-A resolution was adopted
instructing thc Committee on tho re?
moval of political disabilities to report
upon all petitions for the same in their
hands.
A -Joint Resolution authorizing tho
Secretary of State to purchase one hun?
dred copies of Richardson's 15th volume
of La TV Reports, nod one hundred copies
ol Richardson's 14th volume of Equity
Reports, was read the second timo and
ordered to bo engrossed.
Thc resolving clause was stricken out
from the joint resolution authorizing tho
Governor to appoint contraot Agents for
Labor ?ll ouoll county of tho State.
THU USDA Y, FEB. 10-Senate--The
Judiciary Committee reported favorably
ou a BiJI regulating tho publication of
all legal notices.
Tho bill to extend tho limits of Col?
umbia was made tho special order for
Wednesday next.
A bill to provide a remedy against
execssivo uhargos for transportation ;
ft Joint Resolution (by Committee on
Kail Roads) to authoriao tho Attorney
Uenoral to instituto proceeding? ogafutt
the South Carolina Rail Road Company,
for violation of charter, and the bill to
incorporate- tho Wido Awak c Fire Ea -
- f V .
?ri?e Company of SuMter, were read the
second time ?od ordered to be eogroea
cd.
A bill to vest io the Clerks of the
Courts all the rights, powers and du?
ties oooforred upon the late Commission
ero of Equity, by the Act of Deo. 21,
1857, was referred.
HOUSE-Notice was given of a bill
chartering a rail road from Columbia to
Charleston, by toe shortest and most
practicable route.
Brodie introduced a Bill to authorize
the Adjutant General to appropriate thc
Military Hall in Charleston to the pur?
poses of a State Armory.
[For the Wutohman.]
MR. EDITOR:-It is a most beautiful
idea of tho Anoionts, that thc most
venomous serpents which infest our
earth ore to be found only in those
regions which abound with tho most
sovereign antidotes to their poison.
Whether this bo true or untrue iu the
world of nature, it is a principle which
pervades the.euoral creation.
Evil always has its limits.
It never can become cither perpetual
or unrestrained.
It sometimes comes to an eud from
having in itself the ?l?ments of self
combustion ; and is destroyed by a
process resulting from its own nature.
At other times, by its encroachments
on everything high and holy, it awakens
a resistance which overpowers and
crushes it by the hands of those whom
it had aimed to,dcstroy.
To both of iheso causes will Radical?
ism owo its downfall. Its overthrow will
bc completo and decisive.^
But friends of truth and Democracy,
who are faithful to every trust and to
their country, should uot allow error so
gross to live until it tuny dio out of its
own accord, or perish through the ele?
ments of self combustion. However
short may be hs life, the evil which
springs from it will be great, tho doves
tatton vast and extensive.
It is in tho power of every truo Car
olinan to aid in thc overthrow of thc
Hydra headed Monster, that, with its
loathsome venom, has been poisoning
our balmy atmosphere.
Rally around the ballot box in thc
coming State elections, and let us govern
our own loved State.
It is mistaken policy to say "we'll
bido our time,"-methinks 'tis almost
suicidal.
The outrages, constantly committed,
arc heart-rending memorials, ascending
from our suffering country.
But I counsel not retaliation-God
forbid. I simply say, as Carolinians :
Ictus make proper usc of our right of
suffrage. POPLICOLA.
[From thu Churlo.-ton Courier.]
THU SOUTH OAKOI.1NA UAILHOAO
COMPANY?
In our issue of Wednesday we published the
proceedings of A Cnuiuii'too of tho ?tannie on thu
mutters ?f the freight churgos of tho South Caro?
lina Uuil Hoad, between Camden and Kingsville.
Those proceeding.-* wcro busod upon II complaint
tumlo by a merchant of th J funner placo. The
.South Curolinn ltn.il Road Company is tho prop
erty of n largo nuiut-er of our citizens, who uro
pour; many have savud but litlio else fruin tho
wreck of tho war. It is important to thom that
tho value of their property should not bo unfa?
vorably aflbotod hy representations iiotcurrout in
point of faut, or of facts greatly exaggerated and
di.stortcd, to gratify personal feeling, or to pro.
moto selfish cuds. Wo know thuso who havo
been untrusted with lim management of this prop,
crty. Wo know, also, what labors and diOicultirs
thoy have had to ouconntcr in providing for thu
puhlic n highway,and accomodation* not inferior
to those enjoyed in any section of tho Southern
country. We know further that it is claimed und
wo huliove justly, that their ratos nf freight and
passage ar - to.day lower than any in the Statu or
nenr it. Still wo hear this clamour'?opt up. and
its continuance forces us to conclude thal then? is
something more in it than appears on the surface.
To do justice, therefore to all parties, wo sought
out inlorinntion from those whom we regarded
authorized nnd aldo to furninh it, and nscor
lain Iho facts of this enso to ho simply theso :
That tlie parties who enmptnin in thi.-i caso havo
never approached tho Directors of tho Company
willi nny Itntemort of their grievances j that thc
South Carolina Itali Road Company has no
such chnrges per TOO pounds upon any of its
freight tariffs ns 010 slatod in tho rep iris ; that
its charges for freight from Camden to Kingsville
arc precisely the same as thoy are for similar dis
lances from Charleston, from Colutnhin, or fren
Augusta.
Now wo confess, with tbeso statements before
us, wo are nt a loss to oumprohond tho necessity
of tho proceeding to which wo aro referring. Thc
Rall Rond Coinmittco has clearly not sunt foi
persons and pHpcrs.
Hut wo heir still moro. It will bo borno it
mind, (hut tho burden of tho complaint is, thu
th? South Carolina Kail Read docs not worl
thirty eight miles of its lino in connection witl
tho Wilmington and Manchester, and Wiliningtor
and Wuldon Rail Hoad, und tho rail roads lend'
ing through Wilmington to Ilultimoro, which ist
competing line, so ns lo destroy tho triido of itt
own line to Charleston, tho intcrosts of thu Cit j
of Charleston and of tho Stete, and the sloan
ships which havo cost so much offert nnd tnonej
to estuhlish, for tho very purpose of givint
Cnniiicn and all other inland cities a route Nor tl
over their own lino and through their own city
Now what aru theso very competing rail mad*
doing, fur whom this ruinous policy is Invoked
pursuing Iho very identical pruetieo which ii
complained of, though in a greatly cxiiggorntoi
f'irin, of tho South Carolina Kail Hoad Company
Wo umlorslar d that thu prico nf freight on I hi
Wilmington and Muoohustrr Kail Knud, (say ;
bato of colton.) is as much from Sumter ti
Ringville, twenty sevon tnilc;i, or Mars II I ii IT ti
Flnrunco. six milos, as it is from theso place;
respectively to Wilmington, over ono hu lld roi
miles. Is this true? Tho saino is thu cuso ni
tho Charlotte Road, nnd we presumo on ovcrj
rail road in existence, and tho reason is obvious
It ls found in the service and necessity of over;
Company tr? protect and promote ll* own in
fcrcsls, and that interest is vf ooutio in the direc
linn of Iroighl movements along Hie entiro lim
uf its rail road, and to and thruugh an importan
terminal or iuitial point.
Nor aro tho rail rosds mentioned in tho com
plaint exhibiting any unusual llhcrnlity in tin
adoption of what nppears to ho n low tariff n
charges, througli, ns compared with tho Soull
Curolina Kail Road's local Inriff; ihcii ((Tort i
tn divert a business ahich does not bolong to thou
and to do sn, temporarily establish a very low r it
of frolght, for that which conics from tho Soull
Carolina Kail Road, and tho City of Charleston
What aro thnir I neut chnrges ? I'luce those in com
parison willi similar chnrges on tho Knuth Caro
linn Rnll Road, hoforo forming a loo hasty con
elusion, lint aro wo cxpcotcd tomnniign our inst!
talion in Iho intorest of oompoting lines of rai
roads, and distant communities? lin vc tho Stock
holders of tho South Carolina Rail Hoad expend
sd vast sums of money to construct a long line o
Knilwny mcroly fur tho purpose nf dostroylni
four fifths of it 7 ll*? tho City nf Charleston nm
the Statu contributed thoir best mind* and thei
largo means lo construct e system of internal im
provement, at onco todevelone tb? wealth of th>
Interior and establish sn influential seaport fo
themselves, end havo their offorla turn to nought
md their work a.-curse, not a blessing? W
Imagino not! * >
Yat *uoh result* would sorely follow th* polio;
ndl ?te l in (be ooinr/laluta before the Legt?!*
tur*.. ' " : i
On Ibo Via test.,.by Rev. N. Grab**, Mr. ?
B. 8YPIirtA N to Miss VIRO IN IA OLOYD.
MASO NJ C.
TUB REGULAR MONTI!LY COMMUNICA?
TION OF CLAREA ONT LODUK, NO ?4,
A.*. F.*. M.*. ?Ill be beld on Thursday evcuing,
March 17, 1070, at 7 o'clock, P. M. .
Brother? will take due notice and gotera them
?el ves accordingly.
K. C. GREEN, WV. M.*.
T. V. WALSB, Secretary.
Jan 6
COM M Eft CI AL.
SUMTER'MARKET^ FJB^l?^
Our Cotton Market has ruled quiet past week
at from 20 to 23 ots. according to grade.
BACON-Bib Sides, 19J@00 ; Clear, do., 20
<?>00 ; Shoulders, 17(&00; Hams, 25.
LARD-25o.
FLOUR-Per bbl. $7@$12.
COFFEE-Luguayro, 30@32 ; Jare, i5 @ 5 u ;
Rio, 22@30.
SA LT-$2.90(^i$3.00.
SUGAR-Brown, I7@00j C., U@1Q ; A., 18
@I9; Crushed, 19@2U.
BAGGING-Best, 30^)32; Gunny, 28@30.
IRON-TIES-10@ 12.
ROPE-10? 16.
BATESVILLE SHIRTINGS-Per bale 12Jo.
YARN BY THE BALI5-$2,10e. Pct bunch?
. Tciiiperanco Notice
AN ADJOURNED MEETING of those who
favor tho reorganisation of tho Total nb
tinenoo Sooloty of Sumter, will bo livid at tho
Methodist Church, this Wednesday eveniug, Ibo
loth inst., nt 8, o'clock, p. m. A full ingoting is
earnestly requested. Tho ludics uro particularly
invitod lo attend
DRESS MAKING,
IN THE LATEST STYLES AND FASH?
IONS, EXECUTED BY
MRS. J. Wi DARGAN?
Having established a Branch of MADAME
DEMORESTS'
Emporium of Fashions,
-OF
NEW YORK,
Sho is now prepared to ranko DRESSES,
SAQUES, Ac, in tho neatest und latest stylos.
CUTTING AND FITTING dono with accuracy.
NEW PATTERNS received for each Season.
SATISFACTION guaranteed.
Sho can bo found at J. W. DA HO A N'S
Confectionery and Fancy Store.
Fob 16_tf
AUCTION!!
GREAT iTOrlCW
FLORENCE S. C.
HAVING tundo extensivo arrangements to
receive, from timo to timo,
Largo Consignments
of snell tending articles ns tho FARMERS,
MERCHANTS, and HEADS OF FAMILIES of |
this nm! adjoining Counties most need, I will
offer tho flr.-<t of theso consignments, in lots to
suit purchasers, ni PUBLIC AUCTION, through
GEO. McD. ST0LL, Auctioneer,
ON SATURDAY, FEB. 2dtli,. 1870, nt ll
o'clock, ut my Warehouse in rent- of my Retail
Store, Florence, S. C., consisting in uart of
530 liUSIlLLS CORN-or more.
OH H?H LUS. PRIME BACON SIDES
?U,UWU AND SHOULDERS.
*1 SACKS LIVERPOOL SALT.
g/) DDLS. FLOUR, all grades.
- URLS. SUGAR, all grades.
- Ii II LS. MOLASSES A SY1IUP.
-Boxes Soup, Stu roll, Clu CM?,
Ac, Ac, Ac
-ALSO
A GREAT VARIETY OF
Dry Goods, Clothing,
Shoes, Hats,
Hardware,
Woodenware,
Housekeeping Articles
&c-. &c.
A FIRST RATE
Steam Engine and Grist Mill,
A LARGE LOT OF COTTONSEED.
M. Jacobi,
Feb ld FLOR LS < K. g. C.
Old Carolina Bitters.
A Delightful Tonic.
WE TAKE OREAT PLEASURE IN OF
FE RING THE
OLD CAROLINA RITTERS
tu tho publie, They aro c.pounded with great
eire, and contain ?OHIO of tho best Tonics in thc
Pltarmncopin, A* evidence of tho superiority nf
our HU Tl-, ?ts oler nil other.-, wo hiive certifi?
cate! fruin tunny of the leading physicians in our
StA'e, who have prescribed them in their prac
tito.
The Old Carolina Bitters
Will bo found itivoluuble for
WANT OF APPETITE, GENERAL DEBIL
ITV. CHILLS AND FEVER' AND DYS
PEPS I A.
A\ du not'nffor our HITTERS as n euro for nil
discuses, hut as nn Aromatic Tonic, they hnvo no
equal.
For solo by Druggist und Grucors everywhere
Principal Depot,
Goodrich, Wineman & Co,,
lin purlers of
CHOICE DRUiii AND CHEMICALS,
Feh Ul-ly_Charleston, 8. 0.
A. M. STIIAdMAN,
(Formerly of Fogariles A Stillman,)
-DEALER IN
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
Dry Goods, Hosiery,
FANCY GOODS, NOTIONS ?fcc.
281 King Street, West Side,
rou run noun BKI.OW WHITWORTH STPBET,
Opposite tbe Hilbe'.s House,
CHARLESTON, H. C.
Terms Cash or City Acceptance.
. Fab l?~vm
JS?AG i. M'KAGEN.
THE ADVERTISER BEOS TO CALL AT
TENTION TO lil* STOCK OF TUE BEST
AND PUREST
CHEMICALS,
Drugs,
PATENT MEDICINES,
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
PERFUMERY, SOAPS, TOILET POWDER
and Chalk,
Puff liosos and Puff?,
Shaving Cream and Brushes,
Hair Brushes,
Infant Brushes,
Tuoth aod Nail Brushes,
All at McK AG EN'S,
PRESCRIPTIONS
PREPARED CAREFULLY AT ALL HOURS'
By I. A. McK AG EN.
rpiIE BEST
X BRANDY, GIN,
?WHISKEY end WINES,
Sold at McKAGEN'S.
LLSPICE,
Cloves, Cinnrmon,
Ginger, Mace,
Nutmegs and Pepper,
At McKAGEN'S Drug Store.
K
EHOSINE OIL, Lamps, Burners. Chimneys
Wicks. Ac, At McKAGEN'S.
A
LARGE and FRESH SUPPLY OF
GARDEN SEEDS
For sale by McK AGEN.
MILLER'S ALMANAC for 1S70
_At McKAGEN'S.
A f^NE SEGAR
CAN BE HAD
Feb 16 At McKAGEN'S.
PHOENIX IRON
Works.
-o
John F. Taylor & Co.
SUCCESSORS TO CAMERON Ac CO.
Engineers, Boiler-Makers, &c,
Nos.4, 6, 8,10 & 12 PRITCHARD St.
(NEAR THE DRY DOCK),
CHARLESTON, SO. CA?
Steam Engines and Boilers,
MARINE, ? .TIONARY ? PORTABLE
Rice Trcshers, and Mills of
every description.
Shafting Pullies and Gearing.
Iron Fronts for Buildings,
Castings of every kind
in Iron or Brass.
Wc guarantee to furnish Engines
and Boilers of as good qual?
ity and power, and at
as low rates as can
be had in
New York, Baltimore or Phila?
delphia.
AGENTS FOR
JUDSON'S CELEBRATED GOV?
ERNOR AND STOP VALVE,
winch aro put on ult of our Engines.
Feb lft-3m_
Spring and Summer
IMPORTATION.
1870.
3FtI BBOisr mv
Millinery and Straw Goods,
ARMSTONG CATOR & CO.,
I milliners ami Jobbers nf
BONNET, TRIMMING and VELVET RIB ?
BONS.
Bonnet Silks, Satins and Velvots,
Blonds, Netts, .Crapes, Hucheo, Flowers,
Feathers, Ornaments,
Straw linn nets and Ladies' Huts-Trimmed
and Untrimmed,
Shaker Hoods, Ac.
237 ?M//230 HA LT! M ORE ST.,
H ALT! .fl ORK, PID.
Offer tho Largest Stock to bo found in this
Country, and unci|uallod in choico variety und
cheapness, comprising tho latest Parisian Nov?
elties.
Orders solicited, and prompt attention given.
Fob I?
Thc State of South Carolina.
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
COUNTY OF SUMTER.
Edward A. Edwards, Assigneo, \ Bill to Fore
vs. I close Mortgage
Samuel Funnan. j of Land.
JN ohedicnoo to tho order nf salo in tho above
Mated ease,dated loth January, 1870, I will
oller for salo, nt puhlio outcry, nt Sumter Court
llouso, on tho first Monday in Mnroh next, for
cash, tin innrtgugod premises descrlbod in said
Bill, consisting of all that piooe or pt..?el of
land containing about seventy.flvo acres, bound?
ed on tho Sou Ml west by tho mud leading from
Slntcburg to the Bradford Springs, uh tho North
ens) hyland of Jeftjnh B. While and other sides
by land of Churlos M. Furmnn, said land lying
and hoing in Sumter County and Stalo aforesaid.
Purchaser to pay for papers and a tamps.
G. W. REARDON, CC. P.
Fob 16- 3t_
The State ol'South Carolina
SUMTER COUNTY
In Court Common. Pleat-In Equity.
Lucius P. Luring, "|
vs.
Lauringdon R. Jonnings,
Sarah C. Bryan and others.
IN obedience to the order of salo, mado in
this ease, doled 16th, January, 1870, I
will offer for salo, at publio outcry, at Sumter
Court House, on the first Monday in Mnroh next,
lor oash, the mortgsgo promises described in said
Hill, consist in? of all that eonnin tract or pareel
of land, containing eleven hundred and forty
five acres, ailuute and being In Sumter County,
in the State aforesaid, adjoining lands of J. N.
Frlerson. J. lt. Pollrrd, J. Ai. Pitts, W. II. Bur.
goss, Wm Barkely, L. II. Dinkiae and H. N.
Bradford. .
Purchaser to pay for papers and stamps. 1
O. W. REARDON, 0. 0. P.
Fob 0-41
Bill for forolosure
of Mortgage, Ao.
ETI WA N G:U'AN?|
Soln"ble Manures,
-AND
Manufactured at Charleston,
UNDER THE DIRECTION OP DR. N. A. PRATT, CHEMIST POR TUE SulpD,rt0 '?J
?nd Soper Phosphat? Company. ***
80LUBLB PHOSPHORIC ACID, in lb? fora of SOLUBLE PHOSPHATE OP MUK " m. !
80LVBD BONE PHOSPHATE, la tba baaia of all good Fertiliser*, and theta ara u?1 J
ratio of Soluble Phosphorio Aofd which is in thew. T? j
The immense deposits of Phospbatie Oaanoa which were discovered In 1807 ia Sooth CartsU-T
by Dr. PRATT, consiste mainly of Insoluble Phosphate of Lime, which ls made available asa)?3
tiliser bj being ground to powder, and reduced by Sulphuric Acid to such ? eooditlon as to
Re Insoluble phuspbale soluble in water, and thee made cspable of being takco op by ?T?VS
plants. Tire insoluble Phosphate found tn any commercial Fertiliser is of no moro ?.i"* .Ti* ?
binni than the original Phosphate rock. The greater the proportion of this Soluble Phr>f>uZ '
which any Fertiliser eonUinsr the less the quantity required per aero, and consequently tb? I
FerlUiier io thet containing the highest per rentage of Soluble Phosphat.
Impressed with these truths, the SULPHURIC ACID AND 8UPKR.PHOSPHATE CO.Vpiv?
bava erected ut Cherleston th? trat ?xtonslrc Acid Chambers South of Baltimore, and are .?TZ
Offer to planter? the HIGHEST PBR CBNTAGE OF SOLUBLB PHOSPHATE OP LIMK kW
In any market.
Their Fertilisers ar? ottered under two forms >
1. KT1W AN. NO. 1.-PUR'S SOLUBLB PHOSPHATE, guaranteed to eentaio 14 per em. ?j
Dissolved Bon? Phosphat? of Limo. $60 per ton, IO per cont, discount for cash.
2. BTIWAN. NO. 2.-PERUVIAN SUPER PHOSPUATB. gu?rante-d to cnotslo 20 jw
ot Diesolved Boo? Phosphat?, and li tu 3 percent, of Ammonia, with a sufficient addition of IW
vlan Guano to adapt lt to all Crops, $70 per ton, 10 per cent, dlsoount for cash.
WE ALSO OFFER r }
DISSOLVED BONE, of high grade, fur planters or manufacturers, who may deidre to reit ba,
any other compost, and w? suggest tbat'this is th? host and cheapest method for uianufacturtHit'
transport the Sulphurlo Acid oentained in tho mixturo. Will bo sold at a Oxed rate fur ?ici p.
centage.
WM- C. BEE & CO., Agents,
INTO, x-?t, .A. caber's Wliarf,
Agents at Sumter-MCLAURIN, SOLOMONS & CO.
2 tn
l.???.?t,?UM,H"li".),"M,,iWM^<1S(^
SON'S
February 16
.WM.o lie HT ON &
Ammoniated Soluble Super-phosphate of Lime.
Containing 50 percent, ol'BONE PHOSPHATES-of which per cent, ii j
immediately SOLUBLE io- Water-3 poroont. ol Ammonia, 3 per.
ceut. of Potash, 17 per cent, of Sulphato of Li tue, '
# Magnesio, tfcu , &o.
FURNISHING THE ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OP
WHEAT, CORN, TOBACCO, COTTON, and of all Cereals which" \
aro removed from the soil iu every crop.
Put up in Strong Bags, o/167 lbs. each.
t&CSs2* Send for Pamphlete, containing full directions and
Certificates.
NcwDKiiuv, S. C., December 2.1,1889.
I purchnscd of Messrs. Willis A Chisuhn one ton of Crichton & Son'a Ainmnniatod Pboiphita'
last spring. I used it on both Com and Cotton. I ara satisfied that I roeoived nu large a per etui
of yield for tho cost, us any fertilizer I bavo used slnco the war?
_ J. 8. BAIR,
CHARLESTON, S. C., January 1st, 1870.
Respecting the mortis nf the Ammoniated Solublo Supor Phosphate of Limo which I used Isa
senson upou my Cotton lands, I would stat? that H has exocoded my expectations, its sppltcstloi
having been attended with tho most favorable results. I usod it in conneotion villi the popobt
Phosphates of the dny and Peruvian Guano, and unhesitatingly givo tho preference to McMri. Wa.,
Crichton A Son's Ainraoninted Super Phosphate, which Ircgurdua tho best fertilizer fer Cotton (ttl
has been offered to tho public.
THEO. 0. B0A0.
R KI ns vi l.t. K, S pur Un burg Co., 8. C., Deo. 29th, ISA?.
In reply to your enquiry regarding Wm. Crichton A Son'a Ammoniated Fertilizer fent to ms Int
spring, I can give my own and Mr. J. M. Fowler's experiments. I trio I it on Cotton, side by flit
with Peruvian Guano-costing $112 por ton-and.in tho satno quantity, and the difference wss cu
siderable, being in favor of th? Fertiliser. The Cotton grow from two to throe inches taller, ssl
was bolled in proportion?
Mr. Fowler, one ef our best farmers, and closest and most accurate observers, told me he tdd
Peruvian Guano, Solublo Pacific, Wando Fertiliser, and six or sevon others, Ibo cheapest of Welts
cost $65 per tonriind Crichton's Fertiliser beat them all.
W. B. CARSON'.
JOHNSON'S, Barnwell Co., 8. C.. Dec. 29th, 1869.
I used Wm. Crichton A Son's Ammoniated Phosphate on both Corn and Cotton, al the roted!
200 pounds to thencre. The results were very good, although wo had n very dry sctton. Isa!
satisfied it is n valuublo manure, os it was applied on poor land, which is the pluce to test aojtbilf]
of this kind. I ruootnnieud it to planters as a good fertiliser.
JAMES A. MOSLEY.
Cui,VKnToi?, O.t., November 15th. 1860.
"This year I have experimented with ten different fertilize rs of tho moat popular brands-std]
"Wm. Crichton & Son's Ammoniated Solublo Super-Phosphate of Linie" is at present only ei|uslld ,
by two of the manures. I nm nor quite thn-ugh picking, but ibero is so little yet to be picked, thu
it will not mntorially alter tho above Stn tam? t t or result.
I c.in without hesitation recommend this fertiliser f? plnntors ns n No. 1 Colton Manuro.
JOHN L. CULVER.
. Gut'.KN CoUNTT, G.?., December 211th, 1869.
"I used tho Ammoi.in'cd Soper-Phosphate of Limo of W.n. Crichton A Son on thri'0 ncrcs of Cot.
ton. Ino summer wns retnnrlvnbly dry ; ye* I nm well pleased with thu result. Tho yield ef Cotise
being much greater whore tho fertilizer was used, mid paying mc hnudsumely. I can cliecrfiilly re
commend it ns a first clnss fertilizer. Thc well known integrity of tho inanufueturert is usufficUnl
guurautco for its uniformity."
THOMAS P. JAMES, M. D.'
SKI.XA, A I.A., September lflth, 1S69.
Messrs. Wm Crichton A Son, Bul ii moro:
..I write to say, Hutt so far us I hnvo beard from tho "AMMONIATED SOLURI.E SUPER
PHOSPHATE," the reports oio very favorable indeed. Several planters who have used lliat awi -
tho Peruvian Guano side by side, sny they cannot distinguish any difference. I hnvo used both, ?st
think your fertiliser shows fully ns well ns the Peruvian, anil boliovo there will bo a priai demul
for it next souson It lins hoon usod during the prosent season on Cotton, with valuable roulti 1;
tho following gentlemen, in D -lins County, of this Slate, to all nf whom I refer. Dr. Win. Mix-?,
Capt B. Roykin, Ellis Mixon, Esq., Capt. A. V. Gardcnor, Hunter B. Rives, Esq., Alcxsudrr
Sample, Esq., and others.
W. S. KNOX.
Office WM. CRICHTON & SONS,
SOLE MANUFACTURERS, BALTIMORE, MD.
FOR SALE BV GREEN, WATSON & WALSH,
Agents for Sumter and Clarendon Counties.
Nov 10
n.i'i."
*',|t?.l'l,0,l.M...4.,11.?.I.'Ol.?.I ,,,,,1.,i
2m
THE BEST ITST USE.
It is a preven- NO BITTERS
tive of Chills, a rWBmWtii W^WMwrX equal to them,
sure cure fnrfflP^ I^| vL tW??*-<
Dyspepsia, W^r^5^^- J2%?^^5^%^^ For the pale.
Cholera Mor-w^t'vr- : ' ^ ^ ?A ^or the sickly,
bus, Indiges-p i^^^^?^^^ For the aged
tion, Nervouslr*^^ For females/ ?
Debility, a dc-fe-.#*^^^ spring use. j
lightful ^^W^^gUf^^B^^^AU use it with l
age, a pleasant ^^r^Q^^^^^^^Z^^^^sue
tonio, an inval- -C>^ GREAT ^f^- ccss- brings;
co^niof'8 mmmmimm Sui z\
Bloom and Beauty to tho thin Paco and Caro-worn countenance. Cures Feve' ?
and creates Appetite. ;|
-:o:
THE BISST ?N USS.
Recommended hy thc Highest Medical Authority itt thc Slate. Sec Circulan
around each Bottle.
TRY THEM. USE NO OTHER. Ask for 8UMTER BITTERS. Sold by Druggists aodOcV
ccrs. Soo that our signature is o> er tho oork of each boitlo.
DO WIE, MOISE & DAVIS. *
PROPRIETORS AND WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, CHARLESTON, S. ft
FOR SALE BY A. ANDERSON A CO., Agents.
Feb lfl _Jt,
PHOTO?R A FUS,j
AT REDUCED PRICES.
JESSE H? BOL.L.ES'
FINE ART GALLERY, NORTH-EAST CORNER
K'l'Sff and Harket Sired*,
CHARLESTON, 8. C.
PROCELA IN LIKENESSES
LIFE-SIZE PORTRAITS,
in OU, Water, and Fastcl Colors,
Taken in the
HIGHEST PBUFHCTION OP ART.
PHOTOGRAPHS
OF ALL KINDS AND SIZES.
Feb Ul-Ora_
Notice.
In KR BUY OIVB NOTICB TO THE PUB?
LIC, that aa I am about leaving tba Stnto for
t ?hon time, I appoint JOHN P. BROUN BJ
lawful Attorney to clgn and acute In foll for me,
ul my batlneei whiob I have sot already dis
poeedof.
Very Reipeetfulty,
Fob 0-21* $ ROBERT BROUN.
JAMES Munnin
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Boots, Shoes, Hats,
Trunks dteOr
Opposite J. T. SOLOMONS,
Sumter, So. Ca.
Feb 1? il?*
?-JOMF0KT AND CL RB FOR l-18 B!?S?< '
J T?RRD-Sent po?t psid on recelp? .__
ot?. Address Dr. K. B. FOOTR (Author cf
iori Con.rooo Soruo,) No. 12V Lexington Ar?** I
New York. _______ |
AWAY WITH 8 FRC TAC LBS. OM__J?J
innde new, canil?, without doctor or sw"; J
cines. 8ent post peld on receipt of
Address Dr. K. D. FOOTB, 120 Lexisftos A?*?- J
ne, New york. "___^. !M
HINT? TO TUB JIIILDLKSB _**_?_?
receipt of ons letter stamp. AewMLflB
. FOOTB, 120 Lexington Arente, *. >0>jK
steh ll ' ?J

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