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B^gwf amoY TM? tir? question of the
flllWy o' mo?i fens posited the scholar
dl?09?yed the theologian. Geology
R>|kltf li? kindred sciences bad proved, ap
Srt^aOtly beyond ? reasonable doubt, that
Spilt? world bad existed many thousands
?a?f ^ear? before the Adamio era. The
j&P^idence* existiog ia tko strata of the
^^snbohowed to ? d?monstration ?bat
tf?fot(tiA'??iwu\BS oom extinct, had lived
i^jiupoo it? surface thousands of years be?
biere th? historie period. Remains of
?y vtttde implements of war ?od the chase,
?&?&sd related the history of primeval men
,' . who lived and died io SO apparently
'. ??vage state, at times infinitely moro
^remote than the records of Genesis,
p? The soiooees of Ethnology and
v Philology had established the ever ex
? : isling differences between the
Caucasian, the negro1 and the Mon?
gol. Differences in structure of the
body aod of the language, which proved
the oxistenoe of distinct races of meo,
;"-'. differing from each other, not as the
members of one family may do, in form
\ ?od feature, but us the dog differs from
the wolf, and tho wolf from the jackal.
'I hr so con cl usions,-deduced from the
irrefutable facts which modern research?
es had established in the minds of mon,
plaoed tho religious man in an awkward
dilemma- . Ho must either deny the
evidences of his own senses, and the
indubitable proofs of science, or he
must throw himself blindly into thc
, ?rms of an unreasoning faith, aud de*
clave himself a believer in the sacred
record of Genesis, simply because ho be?
Then came fo the rescue of tho cause
of truth, Hugh- Miller, who taught us
that the six-days of creation meant im?
mense divisions nf time'; and as the or?
der of creation as expouuded^by science
corresponded with tho bibical descrip?
tion, this theory was gladly adopte J by
many who had begun to waver in their
religious convictions. To the deeply
learned this doctrine was no novelty, for
t Maimonides, iu his "Quidc to the doubt?
ful," had said, as long ago as the
twulth century, that it was incorrect to
say that the Lord created the world in
?ix days, because the torin "bercshect"
?cans UOt "iu tho beginning" but "with
tho begining," that i? to say, when time
was created, God also created the beav?
ens and tho earth, the entire creation
. Consisting of six diflercnt degrees, the
term days being used as it frequently is
, tn Scripture to denote a period of time.
''For this aud similar efforts to recon?
cile reason with loligion, he was excom
municatcd and hid works burnt by thc
Valmudists of Franco, but he was sustain*
cd hy those celebrated schools of learning
in ?'pain where the light of Jewish lit
craturo burned so brightly, uud his
persecutors at lust convinced of their
error, sent a deputation to his grave to
?sk pardon of his ashes.
But tho time hud not yet como to give
credit to a Jew for enlightening the
christian world, nnd so men plodded on
io their blindness, until Hugh Miller
drew those splendid word pictures which
once read can never be forgotten.
S?ill there remained the difficulty
concerning thc origin of mankind. The
race of Adam we know han existed not
much longer than six thousand years,
while vestiges of haman bein".? are
found who lived ut least twenty thou?
sand years ago !
Again, thc race of Adam, or what is
commonly called thc Caucasian race,
although scattered and dispersed over a
large.port ion of the globe, are identical
in origin, us shown from their physical
and intellectual peculiarities, and from
their language. While the other races
of man arc totally different from the
Caucas tan and from each other.
To reconcile these apparent contra?
dictious, was this book written. And
well and nobly is tho work performed.
In ono small volume of 318 pages thc
wholo argument is condensed in lau
gnuge chaste and concise, iu style sim?
ple und elegant, aud in reasoning clear
> and convincing.
Let u.- state briefly thc author's views.
He contends that thc Scripture account
of the cieat?on.-of Adam is not incon?
sistent with the pre-existence of in?
ferior races of men. In fact, that thc
Junguago of Genesis clearly indicates
"that other families of men existed at,
and bcfm'O thc formation of Adam.
II? regards thc bibical history as thc
history of tho Adamio rneo only, and
though thc existence of other races ii
admitted by that history, yet no specia
description is given of them, it bein?,
nnncceasnty to tho purposes of Scrip
lure. 'Ibis doctrine is strictly in ac
eordunoo wirb Jewish Philosophy, t
cardinal principle of their exegesis bein?,
tnat menti.iii is unido in thc ??iblo o
only such personages as it is requisite ti
> not? (OotteUiator Question. 34). .
Thus Gent-pis and Geology, Holigioi
und Su: lilli ? - a^MB? r'UU'
on solid nfl fl, *|k< f
unlike suohH H AUJK
iherofofl fl, fM
i Bitters." fl H : .'ff'
" BB BB i'H
inemtn's Crrfl fl l> TB
NEW All Bj &g'K
HIE A TAYLtfl H 'JOB :
rabie ei rr inns tefl fl'flff '
Go ?"fl B flgf '
nf tad lt fl fl mmW
from tho Nfl
Goods Mcrohanfl PtVjfli
do this Bccllorfl Haft'
risito. Columfl Bff^^B
?nd tfl /?^'HP
manngement cJB BBBflrr
'. F. DsKNtGltfl KFj
I Art!*!? Hkt ?bi., b?t ?Mb jmlj direct the
attention of our readers to it? wlth the
earnest reccornendatioo to read it Oar?
folly aud dispaaaiooately. We art in?
debted to Mr. Anthony White for a
porotal of thia work. It ii n London
edition, printed in olear and elegant type,
by the well known publisher Richard
Bentley. 0. H. M.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 23.
A. A. SILBERT.EDITOR
The Sumter Watchman has by
far the largest circulation (espe?
cially in the surrounding country)
of any paper publislted in Sumter,
and toas established in 1850.
TUB PU ESS CONFERENCE.
OD another column will be found tho
resolutions adopted by the Anti-Radical
Press ol'the State, at Columbio, togeth?
er with extracts from the comments of
suoh of the State papers as have since
come to hand.
This meeting was forgo and able, and,
wo feel sure, io its action, embodied the
sense of tho entire anti radical press of
Tho position assumed, in tho resolu?
tions adopted, is put before the intelli?
gence of the otate, in no spirit of
dictation, but simply as being that
eourse which, to those who control the
public journals of the Stato, seems most
wiso and prudent, under the circum?
stances bv which the State is burruunded.
As watchmcu upon the walls-UH
conservators of the public weal-ns
advocates of honestr anti economical
government-as opposed to thc recking
corruptions which will make thc
Legislature of the Stato now passing
out of existence noted in thc time to
come, and as moved by an almost
irresistible impulse to do something for
the redemption of thc State from the
terrible situation into which she has
fallen, the step has been taken, with thc
hope that thc people, without regard to
party, race, color, or previous- condition,
will rally to thc rescue.
At this crisis, stubborn facts present
themselves. It is the part of wisdom to
seo things as they arc-as they must
be-and address ourselves to them ac?
oordingly. Thc Congress of the United
States has at length fixed tho political
and civil sta (UH of the colored man-has
declared his full equality before thc law
and his equal political and otvi) rights. It
is now the manifest policy and interest of
the country to yield a ready acquies?
cence, to the end that wiso aud honest
aud good government may bc restored to
our beloved State. The colored man is
a citizen of the soil-nn inhabitant of it
with thc whites. If there bc a govern?
ment of the State which shall oppress
neither the ono or the other, it eau only
bo created by the harmonious co-opera?
tion and action of the two races. And
who is there, with even the Intent spark
of patriotism slumbering yet in his
bosom, who docs not feel moved upon
now with desire to relieve the un?
fortunate state of affairs which have for
son.e time existed in this State? And
who is there now who is unwilling to
accord the colored man all that the law
invests him with ? Surely there can be
no purpose to wrong, or in any wise to
injure or oppress him-or take from
him any of thc rights and liberties
which the law of thc land gives him.
Assured of this, by thc honesty of tho
State, wc feel persuaded that the colored
man will bc found notting with us for
thc advancement of thc common in?
tel est and thc common good.
We may therefore say, thal we hearti?
ly endorse thc position assumed by the
Press Conference, and call upon our
people of all classes to unite upon it.
We also endorsa the call which has been
made for a Convention of tho people
of thc State, on thc 15th of June, irre
spective of i nce, color or previous condi?
tion. Let lhere be a convention which
shall represent nil classes of our citizens,
and let these, eschewing for thc time,
national politics and past party names,
dud looking only to thc reformation ol'
our Stale Government, imito in con?
structing a platform upon which ni)
honest mon may stand. When this
shall bo accomplished, then may we look
with hope for deliverance, and tho
dawning of that day ol' pence and
prosperity which shall break upon tho
long night ol' disaster, misrule and*
bK.od und oppression, through which wc
- .?.?c?.?- --
Tho schedules upon thc **outh Caroli?
na Hail Road aro now so arranged that
passengers who lake thc Through Mail
Train on tho Wiliriiug'on & Manchester
llail Road, make closo connexion at
Kingsvillo, witt tho train for Columbia,
Tiiis* uffurds greater aoooiu modal i<"> <*..
cardinal principio ol' their ex
I nat mon I lull ii tnado in tl
only such personages as it is
- noto (Concili?tor Question, c
Thus Genesis and Geolog
und Scionoe, Revolution a
ure reconciled. Tho elem;
. G.id', a* rightly understood,
cd by ttiottcfU discoveries ;
don I ve J!?II ry of It'll! ll is
SSI"*- fi om the tomb of ages lo .-du
|If glory of the Creator.
V ' Our Author umin?:ii?w h
Will? groat learning and t
cannot do justice \n his wo
. * ?nli" WU? rtl?f> lll?'-pillion "f
fem. monlycitlf.l Nio'LiniKiiilox) ?
?ml roalnfaiufd that iii* '!?.v.i of '
'.' yrriorh ?f ttu?y.'ar? ?arh. -fcto i
V VA ?I"'U*B?I I /in? -.'?> '? .
2a response to a call from th? Col dm -
bia Guardian, ? meeting of tho anti
radical press of the Slate was held at
Columbi?, on Wednesday last, lGth
inst. The eonferenee was large and
influential. The following resolutions
were unanimously adopted :
1. Resolved, That this Conference re?
cognises the legal right of all citizens
of the State, irrespective >f color* to
2. 'Resolved, That this conference
recognizes the legal right- of all the
citizoosof tho State, irrespective of
oolor or former condition, to office, sub?
jcot alone to personal qualification and
3 Resolved, That, in the judgment
of this ooufercneo, a convention of thc
people of the State, opposed to radical?
ism and in favor of good and honest
government, should bc held in the oity
of Columbia, at some convenient timo,
for the purpose of nominating a State
ticket, whioh, while assuring equal and
oxaot justice to all, wi!! afford, some de?
gree of security, prosperity, and good
go cern mem.
4. Resolved, That this conference
respectfully suggests to the people of
the State, Wednesday, the 15th of June
ensuing, as a suitable time for holding
COMMENTS OP THE PRESS.
Wo annex, (as far as they have come
to hand) oxtracts from the comments of
the press upon the action embodied in
the abovo resolutions :
[From the Charleston Courier."]
The press confereuce at Columbia,
forms an era in the history of thoStutc.
It has adjourned after an unanimous
action. The meeting was largo and io
ihtcntiul and represented tho tone ami
spirit of tho anli-Kudiuui journals of
thc State. All acknowledged the im?
portance ol' thc crisis and tho necessity
of a united action on thc part ot' those
charged with thc public interests, for a
release from the misrule, corruption and
unjust domination, which has op?
pressed the liberties, thc general wel?
fare, and tho industrial advancement
of our beloved commun wealth.
Tho couferoncc was free and frank.
Every member was heard, patiently
aud thoroughly, upon thc proper action
and course to be pursued. All uddrcssed
themselves to the vital questions of the
public weal with honesty of purpose and
fullness of expression. After bearing
each other's views, there was not a dis
smiting voice as to the conclusion
Those who desire good government,
from the mountains to' the seaboard,
are a unit. Our rauks are formed. Our
counsels are one. We move forward
in a solid and unbroken column.
The Courier speaks, subsequently, as
We alluded yeasterday, very briefly,
to the action of the Press Conference in
reference to the political condition of
the State. Events have, in a great
measure, determined their own destiny.
The results ot thc civil war have brought
into existence a new state of things.
And with these wc have to dei'. Time
has moved on with a rapid inarch. This
presses upon us fora solution of thc
present. As in all other times of po?
litical ohanges and convulsions, thc dead
past must, of necessity, bury its dead.
History but rcpoats itself. Parties
spring up, perform their mission, and
then givo way to thc new combinations,
and the formation of new ideas und is
sues. It has been so since the founda?
tion of time. In this country we have
Ju the earlier periods thc country
was, for ninny years, divided between
the Federal and Republican organiza
lions. Rut with succccdiug Adminis?
tration? thc old issues were all regula?
ted by events, until at last thc famous
declaration was made-"We are all
Federals, we arc all republicans." After
this parties took new shapes, according
to the issues presented, nod resolved
themselves into the names of Democrats
and Whigs. Tho old names passed
away with the fresh incidents to which
time gave bir'.h. "Tho name of Whig
has alrcndy gone the way of all events.
A ad so will it ever be.
There must always bc two parties.
Rut these will even bc founded upon
thc present and bo responsive to issues
as they arise. Thc contest, however, in
which thc peoplo ol'this State arc now
interested, ts not one of national politics,
but of State welfare. It is local in its
character. It if? tho redemption of tho
State from misrule, extravagance and
corruption. Thc responsibility is ?pon
every man iu tho community of what?
ever previous politics or view, to en?
deavor to ubi Hai BOHIO degree of good
government, under which he may live
in security anti whioh he may transmit
with some degree of hope to his pos?
It h thc question of bad government
or good government, of extravagant:? oi
of economy, oi'a r^pvcrfuntntiou ol' ig?
norance or ol' iuielliu'Miee, of corruption
or of good faith, of ruin ur of prosperity.
The Pres conference have planted
themselves upon the basis of equal
arid exact justice. They have acknow?
ledged every claim which the progres?
sive spirit of tho times can demand.'
They have recognized to tho fullest
extent thc right of all citizens, irrespec?
tive of color or previous condition, to
thc exercise of all political privileges.
They have therefore, on behalf of good
government, presented a record and an
appeal on which all can aland who ?re
opposed to thc riiiagnvorntnctit which
threatens our very existence and hopes,
and whonro in earnest for tho redemp?
tion ol' the State.
.5lU?p.ry> ? *-- aro now so ai
ogestfl being passengers who take the T
.c Ribla of Train on tho Wilmington &
requisite to Kail Road, make close Oi
|4j. . Kingsville, willi tho train lt
y, Holigion Tilla" affords greater aoooiut
rrd Reason, 'the people of this portion o
til word ol Our exchanges of tho Peo
is vitidieat- .viii please make notice.
and thc hid -*-?**
unearthed .?BESS ASSOCIA I!
v,v forth thc ^ ,,,e ,u,e Conference o
Radical rVess of th M Stu)
ii? argument C'''',mD,:,? 11 W:IS determino
ibiliiy. We T* R'P0,njtr?or,fc Assooiatio
>k in a ?hort Tho M]T'T'A eonnn.il
- pointed to rep ?rt on this si
tn^tSZ moothigtobojieldontho l
nonlior, meant noxt, viz :
tho Prism CO 0. p. p,; I h H rn, J. A. Se
? V etc) cut At
Gilbert, J A Hoyt, ani.K
lut. Th? at ten dan oe was unexpectedly
larg? lind influential, ?nd the feelings
aud interests of woll nigh every county
io the State were represented with can
dor tod with truth. Thtre was no
disposition ou the part of any member
of tbe Conference to withhold any in?
formation which might properly influ?
ence its deliberations, and we are
gratified to be able to state that the
whole discussion was marked by singular
discret ion, frankness aud good seuso.
These resolutions embody the views
and opinions of the members of the
Anti Radical press who met in oounoil
at the capital of tho State It may be
said that the right ol the colored man to
vote ia fixed and settled, and that the
right of suffrage carries with it the
privilege of holding office. These are,
we admit, stubborn facts, but they are
uow for the first time recognized aud
affirmed, io their full force, by any
From their first word to their last,
they (the resolutions) take the broad
ground that tho coming comest has no
eouneetioo with national politics or
national political parties, but is ono in
which all citizens shall work aud toil
together to secure a capable, honest aud
respectable government for them and
for their children. No distinction is
made of class, of color, or of pa?t politi?
cal action. The equal rights of all ci t i
zens are freely admitted, and, wheo the
proper time comes, it will bc eceii that
this is ne barren pledge, but means that
every class aud every color sh'all have its
fair and Innest representation in tho
administration of the affairs of the State.
Honesty, intelligence aud equal rights
-these arc the recommendations ol thc
press conference, as they ace the prin?
ciples of the great citizens' party as
enunciated again and again in the col?
umns of this papor. With these princi?
ples as our rallying points, and appeal
in g in a common cause to tho seuso aud
decency of tlic whole State, wc must and
shall succeed in obtaining a government
under which the people of South Caro?
lina may becomo aud remain happy,
prosperous and free.
[From the Columbia Phoenix'"}
It will be seen that the editorial con?
ference undertake neither to make a
platform nor to unmake one. The
resolutions express thc sense of the con
Terence, lt is believed that they will
meet with thc approval all ant! radicalises
in the State, including Democrat* and
Republicans, whites? and blacks-in
fine, of all opposed to the misrule, cor?
rupt iou and inefficiency of the present
r?gime. The conference also invite a
convention to be held in this city, on
the 15th June next. We have expressed
tho opinion that a later period would be
wiser, but for controlling reasons, wc
believe tho time suggested tho proper
period, and hope that the proposition
for the convention, as well as thc time
selected, may bc regarded acceptable.
As respects tho formal acknowledg?
ment of tho colored man's status, we
presume that there can bc but one opin?
ion with wise and progressive men.
When, in the convention of April, 180S,
the colored utan was recognized ns a
member of thc body politic, we took
that ground of which our present ac?
knowledgment is thc logical sequence.
This acknowledgment we have already
made in these columns, and we atc
pleased to find them concured in by
thc press conference. It is our manifest
duly to utilize, to recognize and to ele?
vate the negro labor as well as the uc
gro volo. Wc need the ono for our
material progress and the other to help
on our political reforms. South Carolina
is occupied by two races. Whilst, in our
judgment, we should by all means cn
courage white accessions to our popula,
lion, by a liberal encouragement ol
settlers from Europe and tho North, it
is also out policy to adjust with harmony
and fairness thc relations between the
white nod black man living within our
As a Democratic Journal, wc con
cur in the propositions of tho conference,
aud wc do invite and urge in the ap
poaching State canvass a generous and
general rally in behalf of good, honest, !
economical government in South Caro?
lina. The Augean tables ot the Stale
absolutely reek with corruption. It is
our duty to turn the waters tu and to
cleanse them out. And this is thc duty
of our people, and of all our people,
without regard to party pro fere neos or
associations, and without regard to race
[From the Columbia Guardian."]
Wc publish below thc resolutions of
thc Tress Convention which met in this
city last Wednesday evening. Wc
submit this action to I ho favorable con?
sideration rf thc country at lanie, con?
fident that it will coximand itself to the
public approval, as wiso and prudent,
and fully up to thc spirit of the times
The practical suggestion of a convention
of the people on thc 15th June, en?
suing, will, we aro assured, meet a
hearty and carly response. Tho lime
is rapidiy approaching which will call
forth thc earnest opposition of those
who feel the oppression and corruption
of ihn present State Government, nnd
who are willing to act in concert with
all available elements to overthrow it.
DICVril Ol' HOV, Wi F. DOSAUS
Friends in every portion of tho Slufo
will bc pained to leam of this
gentleman's death. After an illness of
some duration, Mr. DoSaussttro expired
in this city, on Sunday, tho thirteenth ,
instant, in thc seventy ninth year of his
Mr. DoSnusftiiro was one of the oldest
and most esteemed nnd respected citi?
zens of Columbia. He was moro. Ile
was ono of tho most eminent of tho I
citixona r?f *t??*>J?Jf?J-*vJt*i ?ucVeirtlC, Oil bel
rrangod that government, presented a rt
h rou uh Mail QPP0:'l 0,1 which all can sta
Manchester 7P?*od ,0 ,hc wooroi
threatens our very cxistenc
Dunoxion at nm| w|w,nT ;" Q!,ri,Cst for t
>r Columbia, tlon ol' ?he Slate,
nodrttioii for The press has dono ils d
f the State. 0Atnb1it?liocl itttulf 6ro?1y un<]
,v .. tho basis of thc general wei
Doo scct.on nf|W for |hfl po0}ilo o| nl
parties, who have any regar
- try or righi, lo accomplish
ION. Il is the cnu.HO of the pcopto
f tho Anti- own destiny which is nt
ie helo? at Conference waa comp
. od i tors of Anti-Radical joni
il to organ- poulon* of the Stato. Thc
n' after thorough cofJsidcTalio
oo was np- unanimous in its results,
ibjoct to a goos beforo the people.
?. h of June [From the Charleston Du
A Conference of the .
Iby, A. A. pre>B of Soul h Carolina
C. MoLuro appointed, tn Columbia, ou
qualities o?* hwd ?ad bean wer? har
uiouioualy blended. Hi? Hf? was a?-j
live, useful and pure, and be bore*'witl?
out abuse, the graudold name of geo tlo'
mun." Amid the regret aud the respect
of friends aud fellow-citiieus, he was
yesterday laid tu hts grave io the
Presbyterian Church yard, of this eily.
As his life was quiet, temperate and
steady, so hie end was peaceful, aud the
lamp of life went out as swept by a gen?
H A BI KS.
MR. EDITOR:-Excuso a few
thoughts on (he above most interesting
subject : Babies abound everywhere,
and are of all colors, couditiuus aud
habits. They present almost all thu
hues of the solar spectrum. Iroin its
darkest to its lightest colors, but those
are most approved which have no color
at all. lo condition, some are squabby,
others scrannel, some plump, others thin
of flesh. Some are well, others sick?
ly. Some clean, others dirty. lu hubit,
some are good, nod sleep at night, oth?
ers bad, and make night hideous with
their screams. Some are smiling, coo
ing, and happy j others aro cross, fretful
aud miserable. It is astonishing, that
with all their varieties of color, habit and
condition, they aro all pronounced" fino
and sweet, at least by their mothers and
maiden aunts, generally by their fathers,
and sometimes by their cousins, uunts
und other kin folks.
A baby is indispensable to. the happi
ness of a family. It becomes the great
centre of attraction, and all the arrange?
ments of the family ure made in refer?
ence toit. Thc mother cannot visit,
receivo company, attend church, but
special arrangements must be mudo in
reference to thc baby. As soon as thc
baby makes its apparence, the father
begins to look, suggest and plan for the
future, 'tho questions of support,dress,
education, all agitato tho mind, and he
realizes a responsibility such as he never j
felt before. The baby is at once
stranger and relativo* a foreigner, yet tit
home, the most dependent of creatures,
and yet commanding tho attention and
cervices of every ono.
Though thousands of babies are born
every year, yet t. c birth of a baby is
always hailed us a novelty, ami becomes
thc most interesting news of thc neigh
borhood. Aunt Sallie comes in all ex?
citement, exclaiming. " Did you .hear|
thc news'/ ".Mrs.-has ubilby." "Is it pos
sible !" is the response. Then come thc|
questions in quick succession, "Is ill
a boy or g'iil ?" "When was it bom ?"
"Is it large or small ?" "How much does
it weigh ?" "What is tho coba* of its
hair?" "Docs it look like its mother or
lather ?" "What is.thc color of its eyes ?'' j
"[ wonder what they will name it?"
"Is tho father proud of it?" And thus j
question follows question, ?ind ut j?n<*c
the baby becomes the her? of the whole]
circle of acquaintance, and reigns su?
preme tor a season Father, mother,
aunts, ?neles and cousins do homage
at its shrine, and ?fit is not killed by
kindness, or over dosed with paregoric,
it lives thejoya-d pride of all.
Almost every house has a baby, nod
every house ought to have ono. A
house without n baby, is like a desolate
castle without inhabitants, except by
some crusty, ill-natured old bachelor.
The baby is thc life td" the house. If its
smiles and cooing* do nor attract atten?
tion. ?tssqualling* will, for even the tears
of infancy arc beautiful and its ctics
What would society ho without babies?}
A dreary waste-a garden in the spring
time, without seeds or blossoms! A
musical instrument without strings, pipes
or sounds. A day without the cheering
rays of the sun. A dark night without
moon or stars ! The hope of every coun?
try is in its babies. Without thone,
dark despair would settle upon every
brow, aud tho days of that unfortunate'
people would coon be numbered !
Heh nhl two u ii fort u?ates ! < nit ed
in the holy alliance of matrimony, and
lio baby, and without a prospect of ever
possessing one. The woman's arms
never embrace, the man's knees never
d nullo one of their own, and they can't
borrow one ! .
This is a second edition of the old
ba? helor and the old maid Restless
and unhappy, like a spoiled and fretful
child, they do not know what is the
cause of their unhappiness, and in vain
they attempt IO lill the empty void with
a cat, dog, flower ol?a plant. Some body
ought to take pity on them aud lend
IM I.VVS AUB i>AM;t;iti)i:s,
Timi poor OllllloilllUll UillMlllllllliVQ, willi i.? uaw
Itoyiiml nil lioptt-nf recover.!', niljin now bu linio
nml hearty hail ho not neglected that alight oough,
Hu ?ulviii. il, If yoit Iiuvo n o-uigh or cold, get nt
onoo ii bullio nf DU TU ITS KXI'BOTO
It.ANT und you will .soon hu relieved. Do not nut
MAS? lil Oe
T f 1HR RIM tl I, All MONI'llbY I'OMMUNJfUiu
I TI nv <>i.< ,. ' ', ' 3 ' .
laif of unod instant, in thc seventy ni.it
.cord and ntl "ii0
ad who are ^'r- DoSftns*uro was one
neut Mhich anu< most esteemed mid rc
c and hopes, zens of Columbia. Ile was
Ito redemp* was one of tho most emin
citizens of South Carolina
ii ty. It has ed alike by his leai liing, his
truly upon oharacter and his publie sei
fare. It is Mr? Dt'Suusssuro was
ll heretofore lawyer, served South Ca
d for conn- In tho Legislature of his
the result. "i tho United States Cor.
lt is their various offices of trust, an
stake Thc position occupied by him pc
losed of thc l>?rt with grace mid Gdelin
?nais from all 'lt once the inheritor und tl
?ir action was of a namo honored in Sont
in, and was an,l n name associated wi
A* such i? foundin judgment, refitifid i
in morals, and patriotic
.. .r These were the qunlitie* th
,tly Mw* J cea3ed caro|?rjian 80 wo|| ?|
Anti Radical In summing up Mr. ]
was held a diameter, it may bo said t
Wednesday composition admirable ai
>HB*? THU TBBOCGH CAR?
Dating rru? tb? l?tb of th? m-nih, now poll,
offer, M before announeed, tonio of tb!? cao?t
?agnlflocnt nod e'.traoiive BARGAINS ?vor of
?ered In DRY GOODS. Tb? price? ar? alara
Ingljr low, and wai of oar lady tomara bara
??pressed great regret nt our eelliog th? goods
KI cho?p, lest we break. VT? inaugurated these
low prlcee for go de in January here, with oar
Freuch MERINOS and I'LA IDS, at ono? show
lng the people that when we advert?s* chjap
gooda wo meant ?heap goode ; ?nd wa Intend fol
lowing the ?heap goods policy right through this
summer, and we say, write it down as load as
pen andTnk can write lt, that we ar? offering
bargains not to be met with ose? io a natural
We shall attend to orders with tb? St: me oar?
ss if the parties ordering were present, ?od we
idvlse all who see the advertisement, to crder
direct from us or send for samples, which >ve
shall tske pleasure in tending. In ordoring, give
colors and prioes, and leave the selection of thu
gooda to us, and we guarantee satisfaction or tako
the goods baok.
In advertising lt has never been the habit or
this section to assign rea! reasons fur reduood
prices, but we beg to deviate, and say that tb?
following are our reasons :
1st. Wo are inore or less interested in about
$100,000 worth of Dry Goods in this vi?
'2d. Tho dcolino on Dry Goods ls fearful to con?
3d. Weare going to realizo on ours.
4th. We want m> ney, and do not want to bor?
row, and ibo ouly way to get it ?a to sell some?
If these, reasons are not satisfactory, just coll
on us and we will give you solid proof of what
we say. If you si e ?ny startlingly cheap goods
bought by your friends or noigbhors, do not de?
spair of getting some of them, too, by reason of
thoy being sold out, but come right along and
you will find them, or some chenpor, as there ure
plenty where these aro from.
March 23-lt _ R. C. SHIVER.
J5U arrj^^ RJ:^
Cotton firm at from 17 to 20 but little
BACON-Rib Sirles, 1'H@00; Cloar, do., 20
@00 ; Sh.miders. 16(u,00; Hums, 26.
FLOU lt-Par bbl. $7@$12.
COFFEE- Luguayru, 3U@32; Java, 45@5u;
SUGAIt-Brown. 12?@14;C, 15@17; A., 1?
@II0 ; Crushed, I9i@0ll.
BAGGING-Best, 30(g) 32; Gunny, 28@30.
KO I'Ii-I litchi 5.
BA TES VI LLB SHIRTINOS-Pcr bale 12Jc.
YARN BY THU B A LB-$2.IOc. Per hunch*
LATEST QUOTATIONS OF
IN CHARLESTON, S. C.,
Corrected weekly by A. C. KAUFMAN.
Broker, No 25 Broad Street.
FEBRUARY 22, 1870.
STATU SBCUMTIBB-South Condina, old, 84@
86; do new, -(a) 78; do, regisl'd ?tuck, ex int
CITY SRCIIUITIKS-Augusta, Ga. Bonds, 83(a)
84; Charleston, S. C. Stuck, (<-x qr int) 64(fr)67;
do, Fire Loan Bond*, -@"a; Colunia ia, S. C
lt Alt.ROAD MONDS-Blue Ridge, (first mortgage)
- (i, jil; Charleston and Savannah, 68@60 ;
Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta.-(ft>00;
Chornw and Darlington, -80; Greenville und.
Columbia, (let morl) -<Vii 70 ; do, (Slate guar
anteo) 64? - ; Northeastern, 84? 86; Savan?
nah und Charleston, ( 1st mort) - HU; do, (State
guarantee) - ?63; South Cand?na,-(a,S3 ; ilo,
75 j Spartai.burg and Union, -@64.
ItAltnoAD STOCKS- Chat lotte, Columbia nnd
Augusta.-(rn.'?a; Greenville and Columbia, li
fa, 2 ; Northeastern, 7?*? ; Savannah and Charles
ton. 23(a.'-'ii ; South Carolina, (who)a shares)
?8(3)44; do, (balfdo) I8@22i.
fixen AMOK, &c-Niw York Sight, i off pir;
G.dd, 119(3)121; Silver. 1I0(?.112.
SOUTH CAHOLINA DANK DILLS.
?Bank of Charleston.-@
?Hunk nf Newberry.- ?
Bunk of Camden.40? -
Bank ol' Georgetown.-@6
Hank of South Carolina.6?
Bank of Chester.6(a) -
Bank of Hamburg- .:.3?
Hank of Stuto ol S- C. prior lo 1 ?rt1.40? -
Bank nt Slate ot S. C. issue 1861 and 1862 10?
?l'luntors'nnd Mechanics' Bunk ofOharles -?
ton._ (it) -
* People's Bunk of Charleston.- ?
0 Union Hank of Charleston.-?(n) -
^Southwestern H R Bank of Charleston, - ?
?Southwestern R R Bank of Charleston,-(a) -
Farmers' and Exchange Bank ol Charles-?
ton.- ?4 .
Bxchiingo Bank of Columbia.10(a)-.. |
Mcrctmnis' Bank of Cheraw. 3?
I'lnnt.rs' Bank ni Fairfield .3@
Staie of South Carolina Bills Receivable...par.
City ol Chilliest ii Change Bi ls.par.
.Dills marked thus (*) aro being redeemed at
tho Bank Counters of each
?Inn 12_ ly
QOUS A,\I> CALVES FOU SALE.
APPLY AT THIS OFFICE
March 23-41 ?
SILVER PLATED WARE,
CASTERS, NEW PATTERNS,
BUTTER DISHES, GOBLETS, CUPS.
C1 LL UK 1.1. S and various articles for
H HI DAL PRESENTS.
March 23-tf C. T. MASON.
SIIHItlFF'K SA LIOS.
BY virtue of sundry Executions to tue direct?
ed, will bo sold at Sumter Court Houre. on
ino first Monday and day following in April
next, with in legal hours of salo, to the highest
bid.lor, for cash, tho following property, situated
in Sumter County, Purchasers to pay for titles
und Kt mu ps.
Ono Horse, 1 Wagon and 1 Buggy, levied on
as tho properly of James W. Richardson, at the
suit of John Bateman.
Ono Trncl of 414 acres of land, moro or less,
lying partly in and partly out of the town of
Sumter, hounded North by tho road lending
Kaalwnrd Oom Sumter, on ibo Rast by lauds
formorly of Freeman lion and J. H. Dingle,
South by lands of Win. Webb, Wost bT Und."
N. Graham and oilier lands of Win. Lewis j
Ono Tract of I2S ncrca nf land, more or less,
on Alligator Branch, waters of Blnck River,
ate.m 3 miles Southeast from Kumior, bounded
on tho North by lands of A. G. Romes, Fust by
land of Ks ta le of Win. Pringle, South by land of
F. S. Rennies, West by land of Mary S. Reames;
Ono ract ol' 286 neros nf land more or loss,
two miles Hast of Ibo town of Sumter, bounded
North by ibo main road from Sumter to Muldrow's
("Missing of Black Rivenaond a<U?l*t?M?..|f.?A?
'Vlf I rte Oil I ll uo advised, il" you ha vu a o-itigh .
? ... once a battle ol' DH TU I' I";
ii year ol nts HaX r .int, _"" wW itton lloro|iov
ofilia oiliest i ..-? ? ??'????"?????'? gasj
npc?tod oki-1 MASONIC.
moro. Mo - riMiF RIWUL\R MON rm.Y <
ont ol tlie I JL TiON OF CLARI:? ONT I.
.distiii"llish- A?', F.-. M .. will ho hold on Thur
I.b?llti08,l.?8 Apr,, l t. 1870 a, J o'clock. I?, tl
' Brothers will toko duo nonce un
rVlOO? solves acconiinglv.
tin eminent K- 0. flUEK!
rolina both T-V. WALSH, Secretary.
, Jan 6
Suite nuil y--1 II* .i
*>><"*?. ,""<l A- WHITI
.1 in ovory _. " _ ." _
irfomied hfs Fire & Life Insuraii
/. Ho wan j SUMTER, H. C.
io llHwtrfttorUjjiTjijji^vRlTEttS, AO ES
h Carolina, I "
Iii what I? ! SECURITY INSUilANCt?
n tanto, pure : ENTERPRISE "
in condtiot. G ICO HOI A HUME ?
iualratjcj RICHMOND RANKING
DoSausau'ro'fi 80 UT II ERN LIFE INSU I
hat in his [Memphis am
?d elevated Capital Represented, $1!
Pate & Taylor
HAVE RECEIVED A
BOUGHT IN NEW TORE BT ONE OF THR
FIRM AT TJIB RECENT DECLINE.
rnoSE DESIRING TO PURCHASE
FRESH AND CHEAP
HAD BEST GIVE THEM A CALL.
The/ ara preparad to eerve all tn the beet
manner, and respectfully aoliott a eontlnaanee of
tba favor* hertofore ao liberally bestowed.
Navassa Guano (
NAVASSA GUANO COMPANY
WILLSINGTON, NO. CA.
INCORPORATED AUGUriT, 1809.
Navassa < 2 nano, Sulphur,
NITRATE OF SODA, &c.
Sulphuric and Mttriatic Acids,
And of the Patented
FOR SALE BT
A. A. SOLOMONS,
Agent for Sumter County^
United States Internal Revenue,
ASSISTANT ASSESSOR 8 OFFICE,
3d Division-1st District S- O.
ti U.MT Kit, March 15, ?870.
Persons doing business, and those who are
about to ungava in any occupation requir
lug a License, ure reminded, that uti applii allons
lor the same, from May 1st, 1870, to April 30th,
1871. should bo made during the present month
ol'March; and foreugag ng in any such business
ur occupation without u License, u penalty at?
taches. Munufuciurers of nil articles, including
Grist and Meal, Turpentine, Implements, Vehi?
cles, Ac. Ac are required to take, out a Li
ccn?e Geueial Dealers aud Insurance Agents
must luke out License.
A penally ot fifty |.er cemum also attaches
wherever p-irtie* having in their possession Quid
Wniolicf, r Quid and Silver Plate in execs- ol
f ny ounces (Troy weight) "kept for" (not
necessarily tu) ''use," may fail tu make return of
the sumo oy the f.r.n day or April, 1870.
Husbands, Parents, anu Guardian?, are requir
ted to make return of Ibo watches or piste owned
by their wi? es, minor children, ami wards. Tho
-etui ns of unmarried Indies, and widows, may bo
mad o by an ugent.
W. F. DEKNIGHT.
fc^. Office over J, SCHWERIN'S st re. En
tr nee on Mu in S reel.
Murali 83._ _ lt
Sumter Book Store.
NOT WISELY, DUT TOO WELL.
Cometh up as n Flower.
Greatest Plague of Lifo.
Chaplet of Pearls.
Two Life Paths.
A Life's Secret
The Stolen Musk
Tho Lawyer's Secret
Diary of n London Physician.
Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, with 1500
illustrations, the greater t work of any age.
-THAT YOU CAN GET- '
GOOD FOOL'S CAP PAPER at 15 cents. 1
LETTER PAPER al 10 cents per quire.
ENVELOPES at 61 cents, per pack.
SLATES at 10 cents, ouch.
SCHOOL BOOKS nnd all Miscellaneous Bonks i
at PUBLISHER'S RETAIL PRICES.
Hair and Tooth Brushes.
Engraving!*, Ac, Ao.,
At the SUMTER BOOK cTORE.
March 10_A. WHITE A CO.
IN THE LATEST STYLES AND FASH
IONS, EXECUTED BY
MRS. J. W. DARGAN*
Having established a Branoh of MADAME
Emporium of Fashions.
She is now preps rod to ranko DRESSES,
SAQUES, Ac, in the neatest and latest styles.
CUTTING AND FITTING done with accuracy.
NEW PATTERNS received for each Season.
She can he found at J. W. DARGAN'S
Confectionery and Fancy Store,
TC M T* R ft I-OM"no?V*u
iifimg'tt cough, ?n tho North hy lands of A. G. R
ir col.I, get at lund of Estate <<f Wm, Pringle, St
< KXPHOTO F. S. Reames, Wont by land of Mn
ed. Do not put ALSO>
_ Ono rnct ol' 280 nore* of laud
- two "n|e8 East of tho town of Su
North by tho main road from Sumti
Ci nyuing of III,mk K?venan'ul uiljoi
.OMMUNIOA Ent?te?r0. P. Chandler, ll. Mas
Ol ?GE, NOH4, p. Mclaurin and wife, Elisa Cha
siiny evening, bum nail E. Pringle ;
il govern thom 0|)0 Tru0, ftf 2,7 n"ro8 of ,"",,
.v lion mle I on ibo Enst by Ibo Hoad
' M< . to Plotrden'a Mill,and adjoining I
of Wm. 1'ringlu. land ol T. J. Cog
i .i . i land* of Wm. Lewis;
I - - ^|| tho.e tracts of land levied or
j *? vrty of William Lewis. dcoonood, I
" Fn. of Jubei Norton, vs. Wm. Lo
36 A?rent One Tract nf 867 Acres of Land
boin the remainder of the traot
alter tho homestead wns laid off, a
SCY N. Y. of M S" ,)"r?n,( Porter M. Wils
' ' and othors, levied upon aa the pro|
! CO N Y " Durant, st the separate suits i
' R W. Durum. Wm. J. Vie Lend,
" Cinn 0, Murchison? W H. Smith A Ci
Fl.ming A Co.
ii CO. The Mnnblnery of one 8toam, S
IN CO ?Mill, at or near Lynohburg, and 4
ii . u?w on M t,,e Property of C. Boyle; at
lt ANCE CO. Daniel Wcoteo.
I Atlanta. T. J. C(
i.000,000. MMhisim *UriS8w
Smoking Tobacco, 1
Pipe Stems and Fix?
TUB CHEAPEST -fl
Drockery and Glass Ware J
Offered in the merket since the wer, fl
(Aucli?i Goods not Eueitoi)1
CONTIN?E TO RECEIVE W KKK LY 1
rHE VERY BEST ?ANDY I
SOLD IN THE MARKET.
Piret house in town to PUT TUB PMci A? i
SANDY DOWN. r
SPECIE .PAYMENT RESUMED AT
rHE SUMTER CON PECT ION BRI 1
BEST hV SUMTER.
A LARGE VARI ET F OF
MERCH A U M-0 en uine and Itniuttob.
WOODEN-Various styles and nri??.
And many others AT LOW FIGURES.
Glass and Crockery Wnw,
IN GREAT VARIETY,
Tho cheapest ever offered in il.?8 market.
FANCY and HEAVY
Alwaye on band CALL AND EXAMINE
JOHN" S. HUGHSON'S,
Under the Photographic Gallen
G ii KAT HA KU AI NS IN
THE PLACE FOR THE LADIES
TRIMMINGS, LACES, &C
Fresh Arrivals Constantly.
THE FINEST LOT OF
FANCY GOODS IN SUMTER,
altcaus on hind and sold CHEAP.
And Good Things Generally.
TESA ! TEA ! !
A SPLENDID ARTICLE nt $1.25 per you Di
in tho Confectionery Department.
O. F. HOYT.
I HOYT, ft SUTER,
"Yy^OULD respectfully inform hi? friend?
md tho public of Sumter, and . djoiningcnuntki,
that he has recently received a ohoice eelee
LADIES' AND G ENTLEHENS'
"WeStU o lies,
SPECTACLES, &c, &c,
His stook embraces all .tho latest styles, ?si
will be poid nt reasonable rates.
Sept 29_ _ _
SOUTH CAROLINA GENERAL AQENC? I
PIEDMONT ? ARLINGTON LIFE COM- ;
PAN Y OF VIRGINIA.
MARC? 4th, 187?.
WE HEREBY APPOINT CAPT. GEORGF
B. LAKE. Superintendent of Agenelsi
lor tho Piedmont A Arlington Life Intranet
Company, for theStnte ?r Soaih Carolina, wit?,
authority lo appoint and instruct Agents. Tbl?
appointment in no ?ny to interiore with Agsn
cie* already established.
?ST" Leiters addressed to dipt. L?K? ?
Kdgeficlrt C. ll. will rereivo prompt attention.
LEA PH ART. "KFFKRSON A RANSOM,
March 16-Iii?_M?nerai Age?";
nmiE SUBSCRIBERS HAVING
I purchnaod the Stork of ROGERS, SPM- |
CER A CO.. will continne tho bunin *. ??T
thena.no.ind Arm of SPENCER, SCARBO?
ROUGH A CO., and respectfully ask a
once of tho patmnago liberally estendso??
the late finn.
HENRY 0. SCARBOROUOB,
WM. R. DIKTON.
HUhnpTtllc. R. C., March 1.1870. J?.
iv-mes, East by.
nilli by land of
try S. Reames ;
I moro or loss,
<r to Muldrow'a
in'ng 'ands of
on Reamo*. D.
mllir, N. Gre
moro or less
and? of Estate
hinn and other
t as the prop
under the Fi.
, more or les?,
of 750 nore*,
un and Welle
perly of Chas.
>f E. Spenoer,
>., and D. F.
aw and Grist
th? tait of
->.'*ijoc AT; 11 ON guaranteed.
She can he found at J. W. I
Confectionery and I
HAVING taken a general ag
WOOD'S FRENCH TYP
KA 1 ED PATTERNS, I wish to
that I atn now prepared to estab
where in the State in (he same.
I have on hand or onn prorun
2200 Druid and Embroidury P
Ac, to sell nt wholesale or retail
I am also prepared tn do slam
at reasonable prices.
Persone wishing to establish
correspond with, or eal! on me a
GUNS AND I
J^HPAIRBD BY AN B
WORKMEN, If toft at
C, T. MASON'S