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The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, March 30, 1870, Image 1

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VOL. xx___WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 30,, i87o. _ NO. 47.
TIM?? DUM?? Kt Dona F?r*nle?.-Vtrjc. ._
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE. MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
.-,-1
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The Sumter Watchman
{K8TABUXBKD Of ISM.)
ii rvuiim
EVFMY wmnmu M?SHINC
AT SUMTER, S. O., BT
GILBERT * FLOWERS.
Terms.
Ooeyear......93 00
81? mu nih?.?. 1 ?J?
Tbro? oionibi.?.M.". 1 VV
v?V?Kri.Slf M KN TS inserted .? ?.?. rat*
,f ONB DOLLAR AND FIFTY 0BNT8 par
sqajro for tba Brat, ONB DOLLAR for tba
. cc-md, and FIFTY CKNT8 for eeen subsequent
iuiartion, for an? period lat? than th rea aa on tbs
and nil eommunleatlons wbleh subserve private
Interest*, will ha paid lor as advertisements.
^olitirale.
The Press Conference.
COMMENTS OP THE PRESS.
[Frota the Abbeville Press.]
The right to vote carries with it
necessarily the right to hold office. The
voting das* form the body politic; they
are tho State really and essentially -
They are the sovereigns, fur euffrage is
the highest a t of sovereignty. Suffrage
sets the coiupk.x machinery of govern
ment in motion, and keeps in in opera
lion lt creates the executive, the
legislative and the judicial-they who.
make the laws and they who administer
them. Can'anything be more absurd,
then, than to deny to the miling olass
the right to select from their owu body
those whom they may deem worthy to
hold the offices in their gift? .Negro
Buffrugc is a fixed faot, and it is too late
now to deny all of its legitimate conse?
quences. If the negro is the ruling
power in thc State, can we deny him the
right to choose his office bearers-to
ohoosc thttu especially from those of his
own class 1 Not only has he the right,
but we are prepared tu show that be?
tween hts own race, and those who are
properly denominated "scalawags" and
'.carpet baggers"-meaning by tho one
mere unprincipled adventurer*, and by
the other those who are recreant to the
instincts of race-it is a right which
he should property exercise in elevating
the best representatives of the black
race (o office.
Not only is the right of the black man
to hold office a legitimate consequence
of the right to vote, but it makes less
inroads upon time-honored prejudices.
It is a step less in advance-less re?
volutionary in faot and in semblance,
than was the concession of universal
suffrage. To make the bondman the
master-tho newly enfranchised the sole
dispensers of office--to make the igno?
rant role the intelligent, and the. poor
control the property of the rich ; this
was so contrary to the principles of right
reason, and the first instincts of our
nature, that, granting this, we may well
concede, without a muriner, everything
else invoved. We concede tho priueiple
iu its length and breadth ; we have no
reason to stickle at any of tts legitimate
cons. quencos Negro suffrage has been
established. We shall not gain say the
right of tho negro to hold office. We
go further ; we prefer tho negro in office
to the rule of the carpet bagger and the
scalawag ; and this for two reasons
reasons which involve the whole ques?
tion of competency-that he possesses
more of ability and integrity.
1st The black man io office will
naturally be the best representative of
his mee, and surpass the carpet bagger
and scalawag in intelligence and ability.
Hy the carpet-bagger we du not mean
Northern men who come to settle with
us permanently for "weal or woe," we
mean mere adventurers, the "bummers"
ot'the camp. They have not tho stamina
to compete with solid men at h mic,
but are mere "waifs" of the storm,
thrown up to the surface by thc currents
of revolution. They are insignificant,
inert and powerless for good as the
scalawags themselves-men who turn
against their race, and sacrifice their
self-respect and the good opinion of their
neighbors for the lust of office. Do you
want to verify these conclusions ? Turn
to our late Legislature itself. Who
were its controlling spirits? Wright,
DeLarge, Elliott, Whipper. Northern
men, some of them, it is true, but the
best, representatives of a raoe with whom
they are identified io interest ano
blood, and to whose advancement thoy
are pledging their best energies.
But 2d. Who were the most honest
and conservative Republicans in that
same Legislature ? We believe noone
doubts thc honesty of Wright, and we
have heard no allegation against the
others. They are also thc most conser?
vative. It stands toreasen that it should
bc so The carpet-bagger has left his
home and his associates, and allied
himself with the alien race, and all for
the greed of office. Tho scalawag has
gone farther, .nd turned against "those
ol' his own household." They have
both done violeuce to tho instincts cf
race, and sacrificed reputation and self
respect, which are the bulwarks of
character. Can we hesitate long iu
choosing such a roan as Wright or
DeLarge or Lomax in preference ? We
respectan honest, conscientious blaok
man. Not only do we not blame the
colored men for electing auch a re?
presentative of race, but we endorso his
action in tho premises. We would
choose such ourselves in preference to
the others. ^
Such are our views, and such wo be
liovo are the sentiments of the whito
men of the South-those ''to thc manor
boro.' The Republican party claims
the monopoly of good will to the black
man. Wo despute the olaim. We
appeal to the past; we are willing, if
need be, to give pledges for tho future.
All the associations of ouY past, all the
interests of the present, all tho con?
siderations of the future, mako us the
friends of the black mao. This could
bc clearly made to appear, but we must
dofer its consideration for tho present
[From the Newberry Herald."]
The conference could not well have
done less than adopt the above generous
line, and we aro rejoiced that it went no
further, and we have no doubt that all the
Democratic papers in the State unrepre?
sented on the occasion will fully and
heartily endorse the r?solutions. We go
furthor, in believing that they wiUtueet
the approval of aoti Radioaliste, white
and blaok in the State, and we indulge
the hope that an earnest and determined
rally will be made in the canvass ap?
proaching to rid the State of its corrupt
government.
* [From the Orangeburg Aews)
The sentiment of the people of South
Carolina is unanimous. Prom the sea*
shore to the mountains a voice cornea
spontaneous from the people of the
State, and it epeaketh might; things
things of high import and pregoant with
bright hope.
******
The colored man has a natural and
eon&titutional right to bis freedom and
his citizenship, and this right is really
and heartily admitted and recognized by
the white people of the State.
Great things must come from this.
There is hope for the State I Hope that
the honest men, those who are citizens
of the State, and who have exhibited
the intention, and desire of becoming
ber good citizens, will unite, and that
their concert of action and community
of interests will result in breaking upon
the "ring of corruption," the nest of
robbers that have settled upon us, and
will secure tho governtuont to those who
are citizens, and who ate worthy.
Another grand effort is about to be
organized, and it is to be made upon
the basia of fact ; upon tho fact that the
colored man is our follow citizen, and
our equal in civil and politioal rights.
Disgusted as the colored people are
with the deception and dishonesty of
the party, thai baa controlled his sym?
pathy and ballot for its own purposes
of robbery, they will hear that the peo
pie of South Carolina are ready to
guorantce to him Iris right of voting uod
holding office.
Thoy do guarantee to him these
rights, and they ask him to use these
rights to purify, to redeem their State
of which they are citizens, and in
which they hn^e tho deepest and truest
interest
And we believe that they will respond
to this movement. They will free them?
selves from thc galling shackles of the
party that has ruled them, und will
exereise their rights in* favor of the
honest and worthy of her citizens, while
and black.
There is hope for the State 1 With a
community of rights and of interests,
the white men and thc colored men of
South Carolina will make tho effort to?
gether, and honest men will bc put in
office.
The intelligence, the elevation, the
refinement, which have ever been the
characteristics of the Southern people,
and the labor, the industry, of tho col
ored men, the best adopted to our cli?
mate and to our great product, united
io a community of the truest and deep
cst interests, hopes and destiny, present
io their union a tableaux of hopes in
the future, the brightest aud most glori?
ous of any people.
We shall be as one. The same rights,
hopeS, destiny belong to both. And in
?ls effulgence of brightness, the carpet?
bagger will skulk away Yes ! he must
pack up! Wheu honest men agree
rogues must clear out. That the peo?
ple of South Carolina have resolved to
make this grand effort, upon this true
basis, is shown by thc action of the
Press, at their late conference at Colum?
bia.
[From the Marion Star.]
The careful attention of our readser
and of all who love honest government,
is called particularly to the Resolutions
adopted by the press Conference in
Columbia, In accordance with those
resolutions, it is incumbent on the
honest citizens of Marion county, white
and colored, Democrats and Republi?
cans, to have a meeting at an early day,
to uomit.ate delegates to the Convention
tobe held in Columbia on thc 15th of
June next, and candidates to represent
Marion in the next Legislature. There
are only a few Radicals in thia county
Most of the oolored men are Repnbli
cans, and to them in common with all
other honest men, the invitation will be
extended. We hope all nf our good
citizens, white and colored, will respond
to the call, when it is made. Let honest
men of all classes make one grand and
united effort to free our State from the
galling shackles of the corrupt, party
that is now in power. We have a duty
-a saorcd duty to perform-tho re?
deeming of our Seato government, from
corruption and placing it upon a basis of
honesty and justice. And if our good
and true citizens will maroh up to tho
front in harmony, this great prize will
bo won, and South Carolina will once
more occupy tho same proud and envia
ble position she did in days past, and
the bright hope of her citizens realized
Let us, honest citizens, white and
colored, mako the effort. If wc succeed,
glorious victory will bo woo ; if we
?ail, we will have th J satisfaction of
knowing that wc have done our duty.
f From the Barnwell Juurnal."]
Thc abovo resolutions aro such as
have never before boen expressed in
South Caaolina by any anti Radical
association. They contain hard and
stubborn faots, and they contain the
opinions of the members of the anti
Radical pross of South Carolina, in con?
vention assembled. It is unnecessary
for us to say that wo most heartily en?
dorse them. If the suggestions of the
Conferenco are carried out by the peo?
ple of the Stare we will havo a platform
upon whioh all honest men in South
Carolina no matter what their color, can
unite, and, working togethor with
hearty good will, secure for tho people
of the Ststo an honest government, in
whioh every class is fairly represented,
and whioh will secure justice and equal
rights to all.
[From the Greenville Mountaineer.']
Wo certainly need a good and honest
government, and we are willing to advo?
cate any measures which promises to
give us one. If the Convention will
Eromote this end, let us by all means
ave the Convention. And let all tho
fteople, irrespective of party, who can
orget Bolf io'.orcjt in their lore for the
State, be represen ted.
[From tlie Columbia Guardian ]
One by ooe ?nd rapidly the decisive
effects of the position taken by the press
conference io the fear resolutivos whioh
it has sent forth aro tuakiog their ap?
pearance.
Though ri ul colored men already say
that they eau tuoet us cordially OD this
platform ; and express the hope that the
long desired harmony of races will be
the result of this movement. Everybody
knows that had th is step been taken three
years ago, the disastrous consequences
of the*e two years ot* tuisrule would
have been averted. Tho colored men
could not feel sureaat that time that tho
whites of the South would accord them
the "equal and exact justice" whioh
this anti-Radical movement assures to
all. And with some reason. -But the
passage nf the fifteenth amendment, ?Dd
tts ratification are tacts that have come
to their assistance-fads that warrant
them io trusting the whites of the South,
and relieve them from all doubt or sus
pieion upon the future polioy towards
their raee. That is safe. These thought?
ful colored men seo that, and also see
why they should unite with their friends
of the white race to relieve both of the
incubus of the corrupt adventurers who
control our State government, and hold
all the offiers. They see that our people
are iu earnest, when they say that thoy
prefer an honest odored mao to a dis?
honest white tuan, aud that we intend to
fi ii ht it out on that. Hoe, if it takoa all
summer.
We trust-wo believe, indeed-that
these views of the colored mea referred
to are right, and hope that a fair trial
will bo mude of the new programme.
They have now the opportunity whioh
they olaim--and we have said elaim with
sonto degree of reason-has been de?
nied them before.
The cause ot the jealousy between
the races is removed by the Fftoenth
amendment, and the four resolutions of
the proas conference-wheo endorsed by
the white people of the State, as they
will be-assure the colored mao that he
can secure the three most desirable
things together-an honest government,
his equal and exact rights, and a har?
mony of effort with the white man.
[From the Columbia Phoenix ]
All through . the State there is a
general demand for a change in our
present regime It comes from democrats.
It comes from conservative radicals. It
comes from colored citizens. And we
believe that tho anti radicalises of
Fairfield will earnustly unite in the
second effort to redeem and regenerate
thc State of their birth, of their suffer?
ings and of their affections.
[From thc Lancaster Ledger."]
Heretofore there have been reasons
for opposition to the measures of recoil,
st rn eli on, and for attempts to defeat
them ; but having failed tn this, it is
now the duty of all good citizens to
unite their efforts to make the best gov
(.ruinent possible out nf tho form of thc
one which has been established over- us.
And, therefore, we hopo, should thc
Convention adopt a platform, that it
will accept the issues against which we
have struggled and been defeated, as
fixed facts, and agreo upon a policy that
will promise more success.
[From thc Camden Journal.]
We agree with thc sentiments ex?
pressed in the foregoing resolut ions-and
feel sure that, all citizens desiring good
government, and honesty, os well ns
justice in thc administration of it, will
cordially concur wi'h us in saying that
the ln<;ie of facts demand the acknow?
ledgment of thc rights of all citizens to
vote an J hold office as therein indicated.
NO RIGHT TO IC N DO II S IC.
A man ha-> no right to endorse when
the failure ot the first party to render
his obligations wili render the creditors
of tho endorser liable to loss io conse?
quence of such indorsement.
a Ile has no right to endorse for an?
other man unless he makes provision to
meet such obligation independent of
and aft r providing for all other obli?
gations.
He has no right to endorso unless
he fully intends to pay what he promises
to, promptly,'in case the first party
fails to do so. Few endorsers prepare
for this.
His relations to his family demand
that he shall not oblige himself
to oblige another simply at the risk
of depriving them of what belongs to
them.
He should never endorse or become
responsible for any amount without se?
curity is furnished by the first party.
it should bo made a business transac?
tion-rarely a matter of friendship. It
is equivalent to a loan of capital, to the
amount of the obligation, and the same
precaution should be taken to secure
it.
A man has no more right tc expcot
another to endorse his note without re?
compense than to expect an insurance
company to insure his home or his life
gratuitously.
It is not good business policy for ona
to ask another to endorso his uote,
promising to accommodate him in tho
saino manner. Tho exchange of signa?
ture may have, and usually docs have, a
very unequal value. It is better to
secure him the amount and exact a little
s?cunty for tho amount of responsibility
incurred.
It is better to do a business that will
involvo no necessity for asking or
granting such favors, or making such
exchanges It is always safe and just
to do so.-Exchange.
-A sailor explains the distribution
of priio money to be as follows :-''It is
silted through a ladder. What falls
through goes to the officers; what sticks
tho sailors get.
-If mon's fault's wore written on
their foreheads, broad brimmed hats
would be fashionable.
"SUFFER LITTLE CHILDREN."
Mr. Solomon Winthrop was * plain
old farmer-an austere, precise man,
who did everything by established rules,
and eould see no reason why people
should grasp at things beyond what had
been reached by their great grandfathers.
He had three children, two boys and a
girl. There was Jeremiah, seventeen
years old ; Samuel, fifteen ; and Fanny,
fourteen.
It was a oold winter's day. Samuel
was in the kitehen reading a book, and
so interested was he that he did not
notice the entrance of his father. Jerry
was in an opposite corner, engaged in
oyphering out a sum which he had found
in his arithmetic.
"Sam," said the father to his young?
est boy, "have yoi* worked out ilia: .mm
yet ?"
"No father/' answered thc boy hesi?
tatingly.
"Didn't I tell you to stiok to your
arithmetic till you had done it ?" said
Mr. Winthrop, io a severe tone
Samuel hung down his bead and
looked troubled.
.'Why haven't you done it ?" contin?
ued the father
"I cant do it, father 1" tremblingly
said Samuel.
"Can't do it ! and why not ? Look at
Jerry, there, with his slate and
peneil. He had eyphered further
than you have long bet?re he was as old
as you are."
"Jerry was always fond of sums und
problems father. They havo no interest
for me."
"That's becauso you don't try to feel
an interest in your studies. What
book is that you are reading ?"
"It is a work on philosophy, father."
"A work on fiddle sticks ! Go put it
away this instant, and theu get your
slate; and dont let roe seo you away lrom
your arithmetic until you can work out
those roots. Do you understand me ?"
Samuel made no answer, but silently
he put away his philosophy and got his
slate, and sat down in the chimney cor?
ner. His lip trembled, and his eyes
moistened, for ho was unhappy. His
father had been harsh towards him, and
he felt that it was without a cause.
"Sam," said Jorry, as soon as their
lather had gone, "I'll do that sum for
you."
"No, Jerry," replied the younger
brother, with a grateful look ; that will
be deceiving father. I'll try to do the
sum but I fear I shan't succeed.
Samuel worked very hurd, but all to
no purpose. His mind was not on the
-subject before him. The roots and
squares, the bases and perpendiculars,
though comparatively i imple in them?
selves, were to him a mass of incompre?
hensible things; and the more he tried,
the more he became perplexed aad both
ered.
The truth was, his futher did not
understand him.
Samuel was a bright boy, and uncom*
monly intelligent lor one of his age.
Mr. Winthrop was a thorough mathema?
tician ; he hardly ever came aeross a
proble.ro he could not solve, and he de?
sired that his boys should bo like him :
he considered that tho acme of educa?
tional perfection lay in tho power of
conquering Euclid ; and he often ex?
pressed his opinion that, were Euclid
living then, he could ' give tho old
geometrician a hard tussle." He seemed
not to comprehend that different minds
were made with different capacities, and
what one mind grasped with ease an?
other of equal power would fail to com?
prehend. Hence because Jerry pro?
gressed rapidly in his matheroaticial
studies, and could already survey a
piece of land of many aogles, he im?
agined that as Samuel made no progress
in the same branch he was idle and
careless, and so treated him accordingly.
He never candidly conversed with his
younger soo, with a view to ascertain
the true bent of his mind; but he had
his own standard of the power of all
minds, and he pertinaciously adhered to
it.
There was another thing that Mr.
Winthrop could not sec, and that was
that Samuel was continually pondering
upou such profitable matter as was in?
teresting to bimi and that he was
scarcely ever idle; nor did his father
seo, either, that if he ever wished his
boy to become a mathematician, he was
purcuing thc very course to prc vont
such a result. Instead of endeavouring
to make the study interesting to thc
child, he was making it obnoxious.
The dinnor hour oatne, and ."amucl
had not worked out tho sum. His fathoi
was angry, and obliged the boy to gc
without his dinner, at the samo time
telling him that ho was an idle, lazy
lad.
Poor Samuel left thc kitchen for hil
own room, and there he sat and cried
At length his mind seemed to poos fron
tho wrong he had suffered at the banc
of his father, and his face lightened up
i There was a largo fire in tho room bciov
his chamber, so that, he was not verj
io ld ; and, getting up, he weut to i
.jlosot, and from beneath a lot of oh
olothes he took forth some long strip
of wood. He was evidently fashioning
some curious affair from these nieces o
wood. He had bits of wire, little scrap;
of tin plate, pieces of twine, and dozen
of small wheels that he mado himself
and ho seemed to be working to get th
wholo together after some particula
fashion of his own.
Half tho afternoon had thu -, passe
away when his sister ontered his oh a nv
ber. She had her apron gathered u
in her hand, and altor dosing tho doa
softly behind her, sho approached th
spot whero her brother sat.
"Here, Sammy ! seo, I have brough
Sou something to eat. I know you mut
o hungry."
? i y. , .-' ..?.V.L. . ? ? . * ..'..."..?v.-.V
As she spoke, she opened her apron
sod took out fear cakes, a piece of pio,
sod some cheese. The boy was hungry,
sod hesitated oot to nvail himself of his
sister's kiod offer. He kissed her as be
took the cakes, aod thanked her.
"Oh, what pretty thing is that you
are making t" uttered Fanny, as she
gased upon her brother's labor. ' Won't
you gire it to'me after it is done?"
"Not this one sister," returned the
boy with a smile; "but I will make you
one equally as pretty."
Fanny thanked her brother, and soon
after left the room, while the boy-went
on with his work.
Before long, the various materials
that had boen subjeotto Samuel's knife
and pincers were joined and groved to?
gether in a curious manner.
The embryo philosopher sol the ma
chioe-for it looked like a machine
upon the floor, theo gased on it intently.
His eye gleamed with a peculiar glow of
satisfaction ; he looked proud and happy.
While he stood and gazod upon the
child of his labors, the door opened and
his father entered.
"What! are you not studying?" ex?
claimed Mr. Winthrop, as ho notiood
the boy standing in the middle of the
floor.
Samuel trembled wheo he heard his
father's voice, and turned pale with
fear.
"Ha ! what is this ?" said his father,
as he caught sight of the curious con?
struction on the floor. "This is tho
secret of your idleoes. Now I see how
it is you cannot master your studies.
You spend yoar time in making them
ffycages. I'll see whether you'll learn
to attond to your lesson or not. There !"
As the father uttered this harsh ejac?
ulation, he put hit? foot upoo the object
of his displeasure. The boy uttered a
quiok cry, and sprang forward, but too
late. The curious oonstruotion was
crushed to atoms-the labor of long
weeks. Coveriog his face with his
handy, ha burst into tears.
"Ain't you ashamed ?" said Mr. Wini*
throp. "A great boy like you, to spend
your time in making trap-claps, and
then cry about it because I choose that
you should attend to your studies ! Now
go to the barn and help Jerry with the
corn."
Thc boy was too full of grief to make
any explanation, and without a word he
left the chamber; but for long days af?
terwards he was weary and downheart?
ed.
"Samuel," said Mr. Winthrop, one
day after the spring had opened," "I
have seen Mr. Young, and he is willing
to take you as an oppretice. Jerry and
I can get along on the farm, and I think
that tho best thing you can do is to
learn the blacksmith's trade. 1 havo
given up all hopes of ever making a
surveyor out of you, and if you had a
farm you would not know how to mea?
sure it, or lay it out. Jerry will now
soon bc able to take my place as sur?
veyor, and I have already arranged for
having him sworn, and obtaining his
commission. But your trade is a good
one, however, and I have no doubt you
will make a good living of it."
Mr. Young was a blacksmith in a
neighboring town, and he carried on
quite an extensivo business. Moreover,
he had the reputation of being a very
fine man. Samuel was delighted with
his father's proposal, and when he
learned that Mr. Youn/jalso carried on
quito a large machine shop, ho was in
ecstaeics. His trunk was packed-a
good supply of clothes having been pro?
vided ; and after kissing his mother and
sister, and shaking hands with his
father and brother, he mounted the
couch, and set off for his now destina?
tion.
He found Mr. Young all he could
wish, and went into his bu-iness with
an assiduity that surprised his mas?
ter.
One evening, nfter Samuel Winthrop
had been with his new master six
months, the latter carno into the shop
after all the journeymen had quitted
work and gone home, and found thc
youth busily engaged in Atting a piece
of ?roo. There wore quite a number of
pieces on the bench by his side, and
some were curiously riveted (egcther, and
fixed with springs and slides, while oth?
ers appeared not yet ready for their des?
tin?e* use. Mr. Young ascertained what
the Young workman was up to, and he
not only encouraged him in his underta*
kings, but he stood for halfan hour and
watohod him at his work. Next day
Samuel Winthrop was removed from
the blacksmith's shop to tho machine
shop.
Samuel often visited his parents.
At tho end of two years his father was
not a little surprised when Mr. Young
informed him that Samuel was the most
useful hand in his employ.
Timo flew fast. Samuol was twenty
one ; Jeremiah had been free almost two
years, and was ono of the most accurate
and. trustworthy surveyors in the coun?
try. Mr. Winthrop looked upon his
eldest son with pride, and often express?
ed a wish that his other son could have
been like him Soon Samuel caine
home to visit his parents, and Mr.
Young came with him.
"Mr. Young," said Mr. Winthrop,
after the tea things had been cleared
away, "that's o fino factory you have
just erected in your town."
"Yes," replied Mr. Young; "there
are threo of them ; and they aro doing
a very heavy business."
"I understand that they have an cx>
tensive machine shop connected will
the factories. Now, if my boy 8am is i
good workman, as you say ho is, perhaps
he might get a first-rate situation there.'
Mr. Young lookod askanco at Samuel
and smiled.
"By tho way," oontinued the #oli
farmer, "what is all this noiso 1 sei
and bsar in the paper about those Win
throp looms ? They tell me that they gt
.head of any thing that was evor got ap
before?"
'* You may wk your son ?bout that,"
said Mr. Young. "It is some of 8am
ucl's business."
Eh ! what, my sen ? Some of Sam
n
Tho old man stopped short and gazed
at his son. He was bewildered. It
could not be that his son-his idle eon
-was the inventor of the great power
loom that had taken all the m ann fae?
turera by surprise.
'?Whist do you mean ?" he at length
inquired.
"It is simply this, father, that the
loom is mine," returned Samuel, with
conscious pride.. "I have invented it,
and taken out a patent, and have al?
ready been offored ten thousand dollars
for the patent right in two adjourning
States. Don't you remember that clap?
trap you erushod with your foot six
yearn ago ?"
"Yes," answered the old man, whose
eyes were bent to tho floor, and over
whose minda now light seemed to be
breuking.
"Well," continued Samuel, "that wa->
almost a pattern, though, of course, I
have made much alteration and im?
provement, and th cte is room for much
more."
"And that was what you were study?
ing when yon used to stand and see me
weave, and when you tumbled about my
loora so much ?" said Mrs. Winethrop.
f,You arc right, mother. Even then
I had conceived the idea which I havo
sinoe carried out."
"And that's why you could not un
dcrstand my mathematical problems,"
said Mr. Winthrop, as he started from
his chair and took the youth by the
hand. "Samuel, my son, forgive me for
tho harshness I have used towards you.
I was blinded, and now see how I mis.
understood you. While I thought you
idle and careless, you were solving a
philosophical problem I oould never
have comprehended. Forgive me,
Samuel; I meant well enough, but
lacked judgment and discrimination.
Of oourso the old man had loig be?
fore been forgiven for his harsh neds,
and his mind was opened to a new les?
son in human nature. He was taught
what some parents are slow to learn,
simply because they do not try to win
the confidence of their children by lov?
ing sympathy.
Human souls are of as many varying
tones as musical instruments, and have
to be attuned with a hand as delicate
and as skilful). Different minds have
different capacities, and no mind oan be
driven to love that for which it has no
taste. First seek to understand the
natural abilities and disposition of chil?
dren, and then, in _your management of
their education for after-life, govern
yourself accordingly. In the same
family you will often find that every boy
has a taste or bent of mind differing
from each of his brothers. This varie?
ty of talent isa merciful provision ol
our Heavenly Father. For "diversities
of gifts" a field of varied labor is hap-'
pily provided in this wide world. Some
of tho most eminent musicians, whose
talents have enohantcd tens of thou?
sands, have no taste whatever for draw?
ing or mathematics. Many of the ablest
artists have no ear for music 1 One of
the great moral philosophers of his day
oould hardly reckon in simple addition,
and one of our greatest mmhomaticiaos
oould not writo out a commonplace ad?
dress. Ono of our leading editors,
whose sterling integrity and profound
originality of thought nave made him
rank as almost the chief teacher of pub
lie opinion in this generation, writes a
hand so execrable that those unused to
it can scarcely decipher it. No one
commends these deficiencies as worthy
of imitation ; but they serve to illustrate
how nature limits some faculties when
other capabilities are enlarged. May
each right-minded child bo suffered to
follow thc instinctive mit stretchings of
its own soul towards the divinely sanc?
tioned end !
A CH.ianiNA Y AN KMC SCHOOL
mt A tc m MHDCJCHS AN AOKD CtULltBD
H tl OTU lift.
The Savannah Republican of the 4th
inst., oontaios the following in refer?
ence to the adventures of a buxom
scbool "marm" in that city with a
susceptible ebony urchin of sixty sum?
mers :
A Yankee school "marm," twlio has
been engaged io teaching a colored
school in this city for several months,
was arrested yesterday upon a warrant
issued by II justice of the peace, charg?
ing her with seducing a colored man,
the husband of tho colored woman at
whoso instance the warrant waa issued.
Tho testimony tended to provo that
the parties were found in tho same bed
at tho same time. The school marm
appealed to tho magnanimity of the col?
ored Indy, with many tears, nod promis?
ed her thut in ouse she would withdraw
thc prosecution she (the school marm)
would never seduce the "culled" gontcl
man again, whereupon the "culled" Indy
relented and tho oaso was amicably set?
tied.
Thc school marm is fair, fat and forty,
and tho culled gentleman who was BC
duccd by her charms is between fifty a?;d
sixty years of a^e.
-"Come here, ray dear," said a young
man to a little girl, to whose sister he
was paying his addresses, you aro the
sweetest thing on earth." "No, ( am
not," she replied artlessly ; sister says
you aro tho sweetest."
-A Dentist presented a bill for the
tenth time to a rich skinflint..
"It strikes mo," said tho latter, "that
this is a pretty round bill."
"Yes," replied the dentist, "I have
sent it round often cn->ngh to make it
appear so, and I have oallod now to
havo it squared."
I8T?. IST??.
MATESVILLE, 8. C.
J. A. ??Y?S"& CO.,
WILL CONTINUE DURING THE TEAR TO
KEEP ON HAND A PULL 8UPPLY
OP G0Ok)3 IN THEIR LINE,
CONSISTING OF
DRTJG-S, MEDICINES,
GROCERIES,
aHB ?R0?IS?0HB.
and hop? to merit ? continuance, of the liberal
patronage thor have bei ll receiving.
We desire to oall particular attention to our
trade in
FLOUR?
It is our atm to keep for sale only good quail
ties of FLOUR, and'families may rely upou our
stock as affording the best grades of
Extra am? Family Flour,
te be bad in the markets.
Our groeorles geneially are all
FIRST-CLASS GOODS.
and our DRUGS and MEDICINES are war.
ranted to be pure and genuine.
Besides the nsual stock of DRUGS and MED
IC I NES. wo keep always on hand, \tB offer two
invaluable preparations of our own manufacture.
Anti-Malarial Specific,
FOR TUE PERMANENT CURE OF
Chills and Fevers.
TONIC BITTERS.
an admirable combination of TONICS adnptod
to all eases needing Tonio Medicines.
COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds taken in
CA RT EU for goods at fair prices.
J. A. MAYES A CO.
Jan 1, 1870 ly
New Hardware Store,
Main-st. under Sumter Hotel.
L. P. LORIN G,
-AOKKT FOR
Messrs. King & Huppman,
BAI.TRRIOIIH) IS. D.
Would respectfully announce to his friends and
the public, that he has received and opened, at
the above establishment a
Stock of Hardware and
Family Utensils,
embraoing every article in this line of business,
whiah he intends to sell at the
LOWEST PH ICES, FOR CASH.
ne will keep always In store, a complete assort?
ment of
Collin's Axes, Ames' Shovels and Spades,
Trace Chains, Hoes,
Rakes, Pitoh Forks,
Grain Cradles, Soy the Blades,
Guano Selves,
Pooket and 'fabio Cutlery,
Brass Preserving Kettles,
Tin Ware, Window Glass-?ll sises.
Persons in want of tho most convenient and
economical Stoves, can be supplied with the
latest improved pnttorns at prices which cannot
fail to give entire satisfaction.
May 26 _
JAMES CALDWELL.
WHO! ESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Boots, Shoes, Hats,
TrunKs dbe.
Opposite J. T. SOLOMONS,
Sumter, So. Ca.
Feb In tl oct.
TO THE
Planters of Maysville
ami Surrounding Country*
GBHTLEMBN;
We most respectfully offer you the following
manures:
PERUVIAN GUANO, direct from tho agent,
FARMERS PLASTER OR GYPSUM, up to
standard,
SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANO,
COMPOUND ACID PHOSPHATE, for compos!
ting with cotton seed,
DISSOLVED BONE A SUPERIOR ARTICLE
FLOUR OF BONE,
BAUGII'S RAW BONE PHOSPHATE,
CAROLINA FERTILIZER,
THENAVASSA AMMONIATED SOLUBLE
PHOSPHATE of Wilmington,
iy, cash ordors solicited.
MAYES ? COOPER Agents.
Jan 5-3in_
B. R. SASH. . P. H. DULI*
NASH & DULIN,
WHOLESALE DE ALK US IN
Manufactured Tobacco,
SMOKING AND CHEWING, OF
DIFFERENT GRADES,
SUMTER, SO. CA.
ALSO
Keep a genii supply ?f NORTH CAROLINA
RYE ?nd CORN WHISKEY, fi EG ARS, and
LIQUORS nf various kinds.
TOBACCO at Wholesale furnished at Manu?
facturers' Prices.
Country Merchants will do well to cnll and
examine our stuck.
All orders promptly execute* when accompa?
nied wl'h the cash.
The custom of my old friends whom I hnvc
furnished by wagon for several yeats is re?
spectfully soiioited.
v B. R. NASH.
Oct. rt -flin._J
For Sale.
I'IMIAT VALUABLE PROPERTY,
I called Brooklnud, ?ifunted in Sumter County,
about one mile from Stntu?burg, ?nd which was
the family rcstdonco of the late John llrndloy.
It consists nf a lurga ami Ano Dwelling House,
with 10 rooms. (8 unusually large,) Brick Kltch
en, Stable, Bern, Carrlngo House and othor nec?
essary outbuilding*, all in thorough repair, and
about 140 acres of 'and. Place entirely healthy.
Price$6000 00 and torres aoeomn.toting. For
other particulars, apply to tha undersigned, at
Marmita, HA., or to J. 8. G. Rlehsrdson, sXsq.
et Sniater S. G.
Feb?2S-tf/ KLLKN BRADLEY.
THK undcr-lgned would mott
announce to lb? peuple of Surotv
rounding country has bo have Jun
SPLENDID LOT OF
md it now prepared to receive and oj
lera of all kinda in bu lino, with nc?
1 i sp n tc li.
[RON RAILING FDRNI8??FD T.Oj
W. P. SMI-T.H,-3$
8DMTKU, 8. 0.
Nvo- 11
HM
MonufftcturodJ'.by
Harbeck, Conklin & Wi]
Manufacturers of .
Stoves, Tiu and Japaned Wa,.^
And Agent? tor * -^?*i
Kaoline aud Enameled
For ?al? by *k'M
L. P. LORING, Agcut^ ? J
6umtor'??"*P
June 9
COIT'S
MILITAI. ? ANO COMMERCIAL
Academy, ^1
j? il Y E S VILLE, Sr0.<?M
[N THIS INSTITUTION BOYS and' Y?i?Aft
MEN will be thoroughly fitted for COLLEGE^I
ir BUSINESS. > SS
In addition to Ancient and Modern LaajrajuMMH
ho Sciences nnd ordinary Engllab Br abe bural
lesclal instruction will be given in PENMAN -a
(HIP, BOOK KEEPING, Business Forma jar^;"?
tooount?, and in Vooal Muiio. ys3H
The Prlneipal refera with pride and gratifica-' fi
ion to hi? former pupils, who hare takan^btjraw
tosttiona In Coilogeor Bueinest. , .'.'.'. . "*...ilaR
fllE FIRST SESSION begin? Ootober lt?,y
and closes February 16th. fflH
TUE SECONJ) SESSION beglnt February l9{k\i?
and closes Juna 30th. *- 'i'v
TERMS : $100 per Session for Board and'^t
tuition, invariably in advance. .'tfW?
Fronch, Gorman and Drawing extra. j
For Circulars addrest -.}.>$
CAPT. WILLIAM n. CO|T'.
Mayoa ville, 8.-0,4 V$
REFEREES : * ?
Rev. J. Leigh tan Wilenn, D. D., Dr. J.* A\~Z<
doyes, Mayeaville, So. Ca.; Gen. W. L. T.^J
Vince, Cheraw, 8. C.; Rev J. B. Mack, O hertel, i
un, 8. C. ; Rev. G. Vf. Petrie, D. D., MonigotpJ^
ry, Ala. ; Mesara. Blauding A KicharJsooV v
Sumter, 8. C. \ 'itiM
Jan 26_tftuffiS^
St. Joseph's Academy,
CONDUCTEn DY Tl! ? V*" f^S
Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy, ' ^
SUMTER, S. O. . ->'f 9
#TI1E Collcgiato Exorcis?e of.'tbi? j
First Class Institute, will be resumed ,?,
on the 1st of September. A . pr4BUp4?tM
?atoo d ii nen it requested In ord-r' ttr&j
facilitate tho progress and arranftj?y
nent of tho claf>3cs. Tho noiv buildings, (Trxra
paciout and clcgitntly finished, furnishing. **$SM
loinmndntiona f<>r one hundred boarder?;
ixtcnaiva grounds and pia/.zaH aro ample for a^peWft
cir exercise, and young Indict aro th o roughly. \
nslructed in English Malhemntica, French,
inn, Muslo, Drawing. Painting, Ac, Ao. Location'^
leoltby, air pure, wa er good, and t?rma reason*,.''
iblo. Fur particulars apply to tho SuporlorcVlR?f-?'
}t. Joseph's Acadomy, Sumter, or to the Bu pew /-j
ioro.-s of tho Sisters of Mercy, Charleston, who'''
viii endeavor to mcot the prosiuro ot'the tinfos,'.
Nov. 10 . -_ V ".;:.;.:
MUSIC LESSON ^ :. M
Vocal and liistrumonta?j|
The undersigned hiving taken his rc*id?n?? jj??
"nniior. will givo lessons in Singing and ob tWfflr
?IANO and VIOLIN1. H- ?ill lifcewi.-c ?SVC*R,
tnicli-ma in FRENCH, U KUM AN and ARITH* j
IIETIC. ' ''/dj
TUNING OF PIANOS ATTENDED TO?/"^
For further particular.*, apply to him at ^bU^
esidouce in Harv in Street. ,f*5
H. C. M. KOPFF,
Feb 2-tf_ ... y?,
W0FF0RD COLLEGE.
8PA UTA ND Vtta C. H., * ;
so. CA. - *m
PAC?LTY1
tEV. A. M. SIIIPP, D. T)., President, art' '.'<
Professor Mental and Morel 8ci -nee. V
)AVID DUNCAN, A. M.. Profesor A'nofenll?
Languages and Literatur?.
tEV. WHITEFOORD 8M1TH, D. D- tf&ttt&SR
Kn-I is h Literature.
VA Ult KN DC PUK, A. M., Professor Natara!,'
Science. -^vj
rAS. H. CARLISLE, A. M , P.ofestor Mathe.
malles. I,"
tEV. A. H. LFSTKR. A. M., Profasfor HUtorjf
and Biblical Literature. rJjijffr. A?
Tho Preparatory Sch ut], under the lmm?<fl<?ta..t
upervUion nf tho Faculty, Jno. Vt, ftiiwHffl
V. ri., Punelpal. '
Divinity School-Rev. A. M. Phipp, P. D, '.
lev. Whitefoord Smith, D. I?.; P.i?v. A./ ftfl
.ester, A. M. *-' '^'^?jS
Tho firr. Session of tim Sixteenth ColJejinfe
fear begins on the first .Monday In October,,
i."'n'.i. the second Session begiot on the first Mon?'i
lay In January, 1870.
Tho course of studlea ind tho standar*) *>f-^
>clioh>rship romain niichumre-l, bul tho YAcahfc*
tow admit irregular students or those wbv wLp*
o pursue panlrnlar studio? only. ; T^**
The Soho.>ls also open al lbw same tliWe. '.? ,'V>
Pul.'lon per year, in L'olloge Clas.es, lurtiMftlf?|
.nntingent fe?, $51 In Spc" ie. cr it? equlv-inrafi
Tuition )>oryo .r, in PropTr?t,irv Schaolt'ln?t?S^B
[ng contingent fee, $4* lo cum ney. i ^
Bills payablonne bnlf lo at!^?nco. BjorJ^-ffigg
Month, fioai 410 10 %\h in c-irrnncy. ..'?'?i2S
For fm th. i pHitloobi- -^? \&f?
A. M. sm pp, VtfimSSm
'May 1? ^

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