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The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, April 06, 1870, Image 1

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VOL. XX
WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 6,- IS70.
NO 48.
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE. MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
The Sumter Watchman
{E8TABIIHHMD IN 18M.)
i ? rviiuiit
By*mir WKDN KSDAV MOUNINC.
AT SUMTER, 8. O., BY
GILBERT * & FLOWERS.
Terms.
One yr.**.v.*\ {J
Hi v uwutlia. J ?JJ
'fbroo momba...... * vv
?oVISKt'l?*i$M?NXb inwruiJ ?c Hi? MI?
of ON IS DOLLAR AND FIFTV OKNf? par
".iura for tb? Uni, OMS DOLLAK iur te?
?Uud, uud flt TV CUNTS ter ?u?ii mb^quvui
purndu, for ?ny p?riod U?etbaa tufa? w?utl>i
OlUTUAKlliti, THIIIUTKS OF ttKdPKOT
?od all couiuiuuiculioii? wbioh ?ubaor?? privat?
iiiiorcBtf, will bo i?;tltl lor an advertisement!'.
HISTORIC EXTRACT.
. he Last Hours of Mary Queen
of Scots.
[rn ON wovor.'? UISTOIIY OP KMCLAKD.]
Sho wus allowed lp tako six of her
own people willi lier, uud scleot tlietu
h?rnen'. She chose her physician Bur?
goyuu, Audrcw Melville, tho apothecary,
(joiion, uud her surgeon, with two la?
dies, Elizabeth Kennedy and Curie's
young wile, alluna Mowbray, wlio.se
child sho had baptized. "Allons dune,"
shu then ?aid-"Lut us go," und passing
out attended by thu curls, and leaning
on thu urtu ol'un uflieer ut' tho guard,
he descended thu grout slaiica.se to thu
hull. Thu news had spread fur through
..lie country. Thousands of people wore
Collected outside thu walls. About three
huiidi uil knights itiidgutitlcuicu of thu
county had boen admitted to witness thu
execution Thu tublus und forms had been
removed, and a gruat wood lire was bia
zin^ in thu chimney. At tho upper
end ot thu hull, abuve thu fire-place, but
near it, stood thu scaffold, twelve feet
square und two t'eut ut.d u half high, lt
was covered with black cloth j a low
rail ran round it ?covered with black
cloth also, and thu sheriff's guard ol
halberdiers weru ranged on thu floor
bel.iw on thu lour sides to koop oft' thu
crowd. (Ju thu scaffold was thu block,
black liku thu rest; a square black cush
ion was placed behind it, and behind
thc cushion u black chair; on thu right
were two other chairs for thc c.ills,
thc axe leant against thu mil, and Iwn
mask ligures stood like mutes on cither
side at thu back. ThuQuecu of Scots, us
she swept in, seemed ?is if coming to
take a part in some solemn pageant
Nul a muscio of bur lace could be seen
to quiver; shu ascended the scaffold
willi absoluto composure, looked around
her smiling, mid sui down. ?Shrews?
bury und Kult lol lowed, and took their
places ; thu sheriff stood at her loft
hand, uud Beule thou mounted a plat?
form, und read thu Wiirra Ut aloud In
all thu assembly .Mary Stuart appeared
the person least interested in the wurds
which were consigning lier lo death.
".Madam," said Lord Shrewsbury to her,
when thu rouding was ended, "you hear
What wc arc commanded lo do." "Von
will do your duty," she nnswurcd, and
rose as il' to kneel and pray. Thu Demi
of Peterborough, Dr. Fluteher, approach
cd thu rail. "Madam," he bogan willi
a low obeisance, "thu Queen's most ex
CclUnt Majesty j" ".Madam thu Queen's
mest excellent Majesty"-thrice he
Colliiuoiioud Ills sentence, wanting words
to pur?tic it. When hu repeated thu
winds it fourth limo, shu cut him
short. "Mr. Dean," shu said, "1
am ii Catholic, and must dieu Catholic,
li is useless lo attempt to niovu me, and
your prayers will avail mu but lin lu."
"Change your opinion, Madam," he
cried, bis touguu being loosed ut last ;
"repent ul ymir .-ins, settle your failli
in Christ, by bim lo bu saved " "Trouble
not yourself ?ny furl her, Mr. Dean,"
she answered ; "I um settled in my own
(ililli, for which 1 motin to .shed my
blom!." "1 um sorry, in nd am," said
Shrewsbury, "to see you so addicted tn
Dniiery." "That imago ol Christ you
hold there," said Kent, "will Hot profil
you if Ile bo" not engraved in your
hean." Shu did not reply, und mill?
ing her back on Fletcher knelt for her
own devotions. Hu bad buen evidently
itwtllletod to impair thu Catholic com
plexion ol ibo scene, and thu Queen ol'
Souls was determined that hu should
not succeed. When shu knelt hu com?
menced au extempore prayer in which
the assembly joined. As his voice
Sounded out in tho hall shu raised her
own, rueitinii willi powerful deep chested
tones the penitential Psalms in Latin,
introducing Ktrglish sentences at inter?
vals, thal the audience might know what
she was saying, and praying willi esp
cial distinctness lor hut* holy falber
the Dope From time to lime, with eon
spieilolis vehemence, shu struck the um
ci lix agatiisl her bosom, and (hen. ns the
Dean gave up the struggle, leaving her
Latin, she prayed in English, wholly,
still clear and loud. Shu prayed for
the church which shu bad been ready
to betray, for her son, whom she' had
disinhurilod, for the (?neon whom she
ha?l endeavored to murder. She prayed
Cod rouvert his wrath from langland,
that I'iiighind which she bad sont a last
message lo Philip to beseech him to in?
vade. She I or-j u ve her ouniuies, whom
she had invited Philip not to forget, and
then, praying to the saints to intercede
for her with Christ, and kissing the cru?
cifix and cross!nir her own brcust, ..liven
as thy arms, oh Jesus," shu cried, "we're
spread upon tho cross, HO reeeivo nie
into thy mercy und forgive my sins."
With those words she roso; thu blusk
Hintes stepped forward, and in ihn usual
lorin bogged her forgiveness. "I for?
give you," she said, "for now I hope
you shall end all my troubles." They
offered their help in arranging her d -ss
"Truly, my lords," sho said with a smile
to tho Karls, "I never hud such grooms
wailing on ino before." lier holies were
allowed to come up upon tho scaffold
to assist her; for the work to bo done
was considerable, and huuYbecil prepared
willi no common thought. She laid her
crucifix on her chair. The chief execu?
tioner took it as a perquisite, hut was
ordered instantly to luy it. down. The
lawn voil was lifted carefully off, not to
disturb thu hair, und was hung upon lim
rail. Thc black robe w.is next removed,
Below it was a petticoat of crimson vel?
vet Tho black jacket followed, and
under ibo jacket was u body of crimson
satin. One of her ladies bunded her tl
pair of crimson sleeves, with which she
hastily covered her arms; and thus she
stood on the black ?caffold with tho
black Ggures all around her, blood red
from hoad to foot. Her reasons for
adopting so extraordinary a costume
must bo loft to conjecture It is only
certain ?hat ?l must huve been carefully
al tidied, and that the pictorial effect
must liuvc bout) appalling. Thc women >
wlio.se firmness lind hitherto burne the i
trial, began now to give way, spasmodic ,
sobs bursting fruin thom which they
couKI uot check. "No criez vous," she j
said, "j'ny promis pour vous." Strug- i
gling bravely, they crossed their breasts {
awaiti und agut?), felic crossing; them in
t tiru, and bidding them pray for lier j
Then she knelt un thc cushion, liar- j
bara Mowbray bound her eyes with u
handkerchief. "Adieu," she said, smi
ling for thc Inst time and waving her
hand to them, "Adieu, au revoir."
They stepped buck from off the scaffold,
und left her uhnic. On her knees she
repeated thc psulm, [II to, Domino,
cuntido, "In thee, oh Lord, huvc 1 put
my trust." Her shoulders being ex?
posed, two scars became visible, ono on
either side, mid thc curls being now
a littlt behind her, Kent pointed to
them with his while wand, und looked
inquiringly ut Iii? companion. Shrews?
bury whispered that they were tho ie
mains ol' two abecsses from which she
had stlfierod while living willi him ut
Sheffield. When thc psalm was finish?
ed she felt for tho block, und, laying
down ber head, m it lt crud, "lu munns,
domino tuns, commeudo nu i mum m earn."
Tiic hard wood seemed to hurt her, for
she placed her bauds under her tieck.
Tho executioners gently removed them,
lest they should dead II ibo blow, timi
then one of them holding ber slightly,
thc other raised thc axo lind struck
Tho scene hud been too trying even for
tho practised headsman of the Tower,
His urtu wandered. The blow fell on
the knot ol'the handkerchief, and scarce
ly broke thc skin. She neither spoke
nor moved. He struck again, this time
effectively The head hung by shred
of skin, which lie divided wit bout with
drawing (lie axe; and at once a meta?
morphosis was witnessed, str?ngen? was
ever wrought by wand ol'lublod cuchan*
ter. The coif fell off and thc luise
plaits. Thc labored illusion vanished.
Tho lady who had knelt before the
bloek was in the mut uri ly of grace und
loveliness. The executioner, when he
raised the head, ?is usual to show it to
tho crowd, ox posed ibo withered fea?
tures of n grizzled, wrinkled old woman.
"So perish all enemies of the (??ccu,"
said the Doun ol Peterborough. A
loud Amen rose over the hall. "Such
end," said ibo Karl of Kent, rising and
standing over tho body, "to the Queen's
and t ne Gospel's enemies." Orders bud
been given that overythina which she
bad worn should bo immcdi.itely de?
stroyed, that no relics should be curried
off to work imaginary mirucb'.s. Scuti
uels stund at tho doors who allowed tm.
ono to puss out without permission ; timi
al'tel thc first pan e. tho curls st ?ll koep..
itig their places, the body was stripped
ll tho" appeared that a favorito lapdog
ba ; ol lowed its mistress ti II po reo i veil,
nu?, was concealed under her doilies;
w n discovered it gave a short cry. ami
sc*! ted i I so! I'bet ween the' bead ami nook,
holli which the blood wu? still flowing
Ii was cul ried away and carefully wash?
ed, and theil beads, Paternoster, hand?
kerchief- each particle of dress winch
the blood hud touched, willi the (dolli un
ibo block and on lite scaffold, was burnt
in the hall fire in the presence of the
crowd. Thc scaffold itself was next ru
moved. A brief account ol' I be execu?
tion was drawn up, with which Henry
Talbot, Lord Shrewsbury's sou was sent
lo London, and (ben every one was di
missed Silence settled d<>wii on Kurth?
oringiiy, nod the hist scent: of the life ol'
Mary Smart, in which tragedy ami
melodrama were so strangely inter
mingled, was over A speetuior, who
wu> one of ber wannest admirers, de
scribes lier bearing as infinitely iran
sending the power ol thc most accom?
plished actor lo present Tho associa?
tion of the stage was, perhaps, uncon?
sciously suggested by what was in fact,
notwithstanding the tremendous reality
willi which il closed, tbc most brilliant
acting t?.roiludiout. Tho plain gray
dress would have sufficed, had she cared
only to gu through with simplicity the
putt which was assigned to lier. She
intended lo produce a diurnal ic sensation,
and .>he succeeded. Tho soil.possession
was faultless, ibo courage splendid
Ni vcr did any h um ti ii creature meei
death so bravely; yet, in the midst
ot (bc admiration ami pity which can
not be refuse ' her, it is not to hu for?
gotten thal she was leaving ibo world
willi a lie upon ber lips. She wa? a bad
w unan, disguised in the livery ol' a
martyr, and, if in any sense at all she
was suffering for ber religion, it was bo
cause she bad shown herself capable ol
those detestable Crimes which in thc
sixteenth century appeared to be thc
proper fruits of it. To ussumo ?ml to
carry through the character of a victim
of religious intolerance, to exhibit ber
sell as an example of saintliness, suf?
fering for devotion to tho truth, would
bc to win the victory over Elizabeth,
even in defeat and death, to lasten upon
her tho reputation ol' a persecutor, Which
she bud most endeavored to avoid, to
slump her name with infamy, ami pos?
sibly drag her down to destruction,
sor can it be said (hat sha (ailed. She
could not, indeed, stay the progress ol
the Reformation, make England a pro?
vince of Spain, or arrest tin. dissolution
ol'an exploded creed; but she became
a fining tutelary saint for the sentimen?
tal Romanism'ol tho modoro world, She
bas bad ber revenge, if not on Elizabeth
living, yet on her memory in ibo annals
of her country; mid Euglish.history will
continuo, probably to the end of time,
to 11 pres nt the treatment of Mary
Stuart, which, if it erred nt all, erred
from tho beginning on tho sido of
leniency and weakness, ns tho ono in
doliblo stain on thc reputation of thc
great Queen. "Who now doubts,"
writes un cloquout modern writer, "that
it would have boen wiser in Elizabeth
to anare her life?" Rather, tho political
wisdom of a critical and difficult act
hus never in the world's history been
more signally j dst i Qed. It cut away the
only interest on which tho Scotch and
Kngli?dt Catholics could possibly have
coruhined. lt deteriniticd Philip upon
the undisguised pursuit of thc English
throne, and it enlisted against hito und
his projets tho passi mate patriotism of
thc English nobility, who refusod to bn
tempted, even by their creed, to betray
thc independence ol'their eountry. At
once and forever it destroyed tho hopo
that thc Spanish Armada would find a
party to welcome it. Thc entire Catho?
lic organization, as dir cted against
England, was smitten with paralysis;
and the Queen lound herself, when the
invader arrived at last, supported by tho
loyal enthusiasm ol' un undivided na?
tion.
[Prow tho New York World.]
THE GUA CK OF DOOM.
Thu Dissolution of thc Planet tee Inhabit
- I'rofissor Wurt s's Theory in Regard
to flu: Emf of AH Tilings- Thc Destruc?
tion of Carbon by the Mollusks- The
Cont iii'f Arno Zoic Cycle.
"There arc chemical chances uow
active on the earth's surlace whose con?
tinuance must inevitably brilia about
thc lina! extinction of mau, und ulti?
mately that of all other lifo on our
plane?. * * * t omparativcly
and zoologically speaking, tho end is
near.""
This st arti i ti ii announcement, made
by Professor Wurtz, is, according to
.sumo authorities, based ou strict deduc?
tion I rom physical law. Carbonic acid
forms one thottsautli part of the atmos?
phere td' our globe, and is thc funda?
mental nutriment ul vital- existence,
furnishing, us it dues, tlx; carbon to
grow plaits, lt is evident that, oom par*
ed willi other constituents of the at?
mosphere, this gas exists to butti very
limited extent in the form in which
aloue.il can support vegetable life, and
thc only means by which it. is restored
io the air are the combustion and decay
of organic bodies, and the respira I ion of
animals If the gas were used only by
planta, these means ol its restoration to
thc air would b<-sufficient to couutcrhal
ance il? cnnisuuiptiou, and fur . this
reason : The approximate number ol
living species of plants is 100,000 - thc
individuals ol euell species outnumber
ing those of euell species til animals -
The number of species MI ihe animal
kingdom is. approximately, radiate-, IO,
000 ; mollusks, 20,0.Kl ; articulates,
300,000 j vertebrales. 20.000-muk.Hu
in till H?0.000. lt i> thus seen that,
animals being so much in excess ul
plants, they would throw out moro ?ja.?
than would he sufficient to support thu
vegetables, (?riving bulk by bulk. Plants
in decaying, would restore (arbon to tlu
ar. and, as nearly all that ?mini?is I tiki
1 rom thc air they restore to it, ai
equilibrium would be kept up lim
lhere are oilier instrumentalities iv li iel
ate utfceasiugly disturbing this cqutlib
ri um ami withdrawing the gas Iron
i lie atmosphere What are ihnst
in-triune tain ?es which are thus lilith'
i igly rendering -. the ??libe unlit l<
support organic life ?
Within tho sou arc living being
preparing dc it ruction to all life. Tin
devil fish, ol which Victor Hugo ha;
given such a romantic and horrible de
seription, is as naught when comptiiet
with the inute. inglorious clam, and ill
delicious but deadly oyster, who, lik
tho heartless mousier that he i.s. lies ii
his bed and bides bis time, walebing ii
glim reposo his evening prey, liabbag
undertook to show that thc destructtoi
of ono animal by another produce
more happiness than the world wotllt
know, if no snell destruction went on
which was a scitilitifio way of say ?ll
that if no animal atc. none would li vt
and that animals like to live. It too
many pages of thu llridgewator treatise
io prove th's astounding faut ; but wini
sulaco is illili to thf eaten-all Hough i
gives moral support tu thc eater ? Ar
fool justified in eal ing oysters, but uh
to think that all tho while they ar
nibbling at our vitals, while prctcudiil
merely lo be assimilating infusoria. W
such ts the horrible fact. Disgttigo
as wo may ; shut our eyes lo it ; t.ir
our eyes and refuse to sec it-it is sti
ihoTO. The oysters aro alter us.
Thc ocean covers about three fourtli
of the earths surface, or 10,000,01
miles, but. it is not nearly so deep .Ma
inc animals with calcareous shells i
skeletons secrete carbonates from tl
ocean water, ibo carbonic acids rf the;
carbonates having originally como fro
(he atmosphere. When wc cuiis'iib
thc almost infinito number of these lb
with calcareous shells or skeletons
those large fish who will take in carbi
if they can get it-we must admit wii
professor Wurt/., that they arc likely
cause thc "great machine to run down
and let "alliniiy obtain its liual victo
over its mysterious un tagon ?st vitti
ny."
Water, at ordinary temperature
readily absorb.-' carbonic acid, and und
tho usual pressure ol' the atmosphere,
takes up ?ls own bulk ol il, When ll
gas has passed from (ho water, ai
become a const itiicnt of tho shells of fis
es it is permanently locked there, tn
ever afterwards is unavailable f
purposes of organic life. Thus, t
water of thc ocean is forced to dn
fruin tho air iuinn diately nbuvo it
order to maintain its regular and nut in
proportion ol'om bon, This it is coastal
Iv doing ; to replace every aloin of p
which becomes shell, the ocean cxlrai
ono atom from the air, willoh is th
steadily rendered less and less lil I
tho growth of plants, and oonscquoii!
Las and lest Iii fur supporting nuiu
life.
Mollusks wcro thc very first bein
who set about to take away our carin
The most ancient forms of animal 1
found io tho lowest fossiliferous rat
m._.r g
aro mollusks, represented by the lingula
abofus. Fishes were iu the early times
a weak and pusillancous race, destitute
of a backbone-they merely had back
cartilage; but, as time went on, they,
too, learned the advantage of carbon,
und soon became stiff necked und over
bearing, muli ?plying us they did to an
n lunn ?Hg extent. It is heartrending to
think of, but it is nevertheless a fact,
that the first fish who hud gono so far
as to be true vertebrates, and have firm
and carbonaceous backbones, appear io
our own State in the coralline formation
of thc upper Ileldcrburg ; nor eau tho
Catskill group bo held entirely guiltless,
for tiley soon followed. livil is far moro
contagious than good. And tho oysters
got bigger and fatter, and more of them,
ut. tl thc fish became moro officious, and
I grew under tho'supcrficcs of thc sea and
since that time, they have been taking
away onroarbon, otcalthily und noise-.
Icssly, it is true, but not, therefore, less
fat ul ly.
Then plants followed iu thc conspir?
acy. In tho old times carbon was as
plentiful as heart could wish. In tho
carboniferous ago, tho earth, not content
with its fishes und clams, scut out trocs
to rob us. Giant Urns und all imagin?
able shapes and forms of plants grew in
rank luxuriance, and ao soon us they
had got all thc carbon tites wanted, the
earth shook its back and laid them away
for coal. This was all very well if it
had not gono on, for it gave men a
show, and when there was just enough
carbon in tho air to let him live, he
availed himself of the opportunity and
lived. But thc thing is being curried
too far. It should be stopped now ; but
unfortunately, the fishes have tho best
of us. ll tho vorst comes to the worst,
wc must sot fire tb our coal mines mid
release the carbon ibero stored, for ns
Professor Wurtz says : "Geologically
speaking, thc end is near." Let tuan do
his best to ward it olf ; let him build
his Birminghams, his Pitisburgs and
his Sheffields, and thus endeavour' to
restore the tupi Hy vanishing equilib?
rium, but by so doing he is only partially
and tetnporurilly winding up thc machine
univ to see it run down ngutu, Noth?
ing better could bu said in conclu?
sion than thc Professor's own words :
Into thc thc ocean depths this pre?
cious constituent ol thc air is continually
undergoing
"A sea din ugo
Ititu something rich anil strange,"
never to reappear in form available to
lite, until, indeed, that time shall ar?
rive when "the clement shall molt with
fervent heat and which, under thc
i ii ll o i-II ire. of (his heat, the calcic and
tnaguosic carbonates shall be converted
into igneous silicate' rendering np again
the treasure of carbonic acid in theil
maible grasp, the atmospheric oxygen,
representativo of alliuity, enemy ol
vitality, shall also lhen bo at lea.it par?
tially withdrawn by oxidation ol' sui
pit?les and of ferrous oxide ; and tin
earth bo thus far advanced iu prepara?
tion for a new zoic cycle.
nv MAY wniTNKV.
You sec, this was all we know lihou
her when we gathered up what was Iel'
ol' that dreadful railroad accident, then
was only a handful ol curls matted to
ufilier and stained with blood; some
thing that once must have been a lac
und head-neck and shoulders and ches
mutilated and gory-one little ham
and arm still in [dace, thc other ton
away ?ind gone-feet und limbs dis
figured utterly ; clothing once rich am
tasteful I uttered, tl nd soiled ; no nam
anywhere-no one claiming the rein
mints of mortality-nothing whnteve
lo .signify who and what il hud been.
'.Who wns lier fntlicr ?
Who wac her mother?
Hil she a sister ?
Mini she a brother ? '
None could toll. A delicate chain c
gold was round thc neck, holding a tin
lockot, crusted with jewels, but bined
stained like thc rest-and in it ii curl i
bl ick hair threaded with silver, and on
linio word, "DAKMNO."
That was all. There were twelve ot li
ors who were killed, but all of thct
woe claimed by some one, or could b
identified, except this little waif ; an
aller the excitement of thu ra i Iron
disaster had abated, mid the friend
who bad been bereaved by it had becom
usod to grief and Ins.!, and alter mau
weeks of wailing for sonio oue to com
and say "She was mine," wo took tl
little Coffin from the damp cold vu til
and pul. it down beside our own tl a ri i 11
in thc church yard-and above it who
the white marble gleamed, wo carve
her name :
"HAULING."
Whose darling t No maller. SOUK
holly's hear? yearned iu vain fur tl
clasp of iho dimpled anns. Somebody
lips quivered and whitened and shrui
! away because the voso hued cheeks ai
I mont b could no more be kissed. Tl
! hands thal provided, and thc hands th
j fashioned tiloso costly beautiful ga
i mcnls, clasped eich other convulsive
! in prayer or despair-somewhere. Tl
head from which that curl of silve
! threaded hair was severed, tossed nig
alter niolil restlessly upon its pillo
day by day whirled and throbbed at
J Relied-somewhere The house t\hi<
! had been glorified by such an ange
; presence, which had resounded wi!
laughter and song and paltering fcc
was now dark and silent-somowhere
Strange that no one bad ever como
seek tho little lost ono I Wo had i
tried our host to find her parents
friends; wo had loft no stone unturtict
wo hud spared no expense-rcmombo
: ing how we had once lost just euch
' gleam of heaven.
And so, being quilo alono, wo ga
ourselves up to VflgUO wondering a
j funoics, and in our sweet dreaming sn
sometimes, "It is our own lost Inti
como hack to rest beside her brother
and sister dowu there among the daijes."
And when wo gathered flowers thore was
always a garland for "DARLING'S grave ;
hor basket and urn were kept greenest of
the th reo if any were best; and in our
hearts wo adoptod her as our own.
We hud somo reason to feel tenderly
toward every stray waif which carno
within our ken. When .our first buby
came to us, like all tho unwise, we
entrusted our treasure with servants;
and one sad day, which we had-spent
joyously at a pic?njo,.njiles away by tho
sen, our babe carried b^r our nurse across
a bridge, sprang from her arms as sho
loaned against a rail, and foll into tho
river below, sinking from sight for?
over. (
So we learned with terror from her
affrighted lips. And though we believed
it must be true, and though days after
a little body floated upou the shore wo
had gone on loving it in ?every littlo
child which carno within our knowledge
Two others had since come to us, and
gone back to heaven again.
All this was years ugo; and to-night I
have reason to thank (Jod that before
this nows about ''PAULING'S" parents
reached mo another gravo was added to
the three iu tho church yard ; for the
dear spirit could hardly have borne as
well as 1 tho dreadful blow. And beside,
.bbc, thc mother, had found her own
long ago iu heaven, while I hero in the
earth fog, could not seo or know. T nm
old and gray, too, and the blow is
lightened BOW because I shall soon juin
them.
If it had come then, if wc could have
known thc truth, wc should have dono
-just what wo did, with "PAULINO,"
and grieved just ns wo did, with thc
added pang of certainty.
And to think what 1 must have suffer?
ed when that man carno to mo to-day
au old man, bent and withered and
creeping along feebly just this side of
the golden gate, with hair as white as
my own-and confessed to mc:
"I stole -your darling yours ago,
because I loved its mother and hated
you for winning her away. I bought
your servant with gold, and the talc sho
tidd was a lie. I gave up my lifo to your
babe, and cared tor ber more tenderly
than any mother. And because I learned
to love her ns I loved no other being, I
became softened, and purified, and re?
pentant ; and thc inevitable cross was
laid upon my shoulders by tho angels,
and 1 looked to GOD through tears and
said, *Tby will bc done' And not daring*
to come with tho ohild least your joy
.should strike mo dead, I sent her with
the story by a fri o nd who perished on
that fatal train. Thc secret might have
died with them, but that to-day,standing
bc-ide her little grave where you had
catved her ow tl sweet name which I
gave out. of my affect inn, a vision, came
to my soul whispering of forgiveness
from thc Ta'her of Merries and pointing,
tuc to tho only atonement I could
make."
Thc man has gone again. I could do
no less than forgive, being so nearly
ready to regain my own ; and sitting
herc tu thu double twilight of agc and
eve, 1 think of all tho darlings in the
world stolen away from their lawful
homes and perishing where nono can
know ; of dui ling loves ruthlessly snatch
ed from thc breast which quickened und
warmed und cherished them; of baby
hopes deprived of their natural food,
and crushed out of recognition ; of
heavenly aspiration ground into earth
and clotted with gore and hidden away
under th?! daisies.
Whoso darlings are they all ? and who
shall confess to have been thc causo ol
their ruin aud death ? Where arc they
buried '? Docs any tender hand
"Garland thtdr urns with wliito roses ?"
No matter. Somebody,-everybody
-will at last find and know their own
and go in nt thc pearl}' gate, grund aue
glorious, saying, as I do to night, "Thit
was my Darling."
LO. Till-: POOH NliiiUO !
How thc Radicals servo their negri
dupes, is shown by thc Syracuse Couria
ol'New York. Referring to the lah
election in Georgetown, D. O-, i
says :
At^tho municipal election in George
town, although the Radicals had a clea
majority through tho numerical powoi
of tho negroes, every negro upon th til
ticket was defeated. They carried ever;
Alderman-all whiles. On the Commet
Council ticket they had placed th
names of throe negroes to gull thc rcs
and managed so as tojeave every man o
thom out.
This is but tho beginning of like tran?
actions, iu other places where negroc
abound. Tho politnal equality an
negro dominating dodge will bc kept u
to gull thu negro, but he will bo cheat
ed and kept down wherever thc Radical
can do so safely and without endanger
ing their own* success. Rut how lon
will thc negroes submit ? Let thc whit
Radicals either surrender their vaunte
principio or fight fairly up to thu lin
indicated.
- - -*.??.?- -
A STOCKI>or.o(iKlt.-Revels occup'u
thc eoat once occupied by Jcfferso
Davis. This affords thc Radicals a them
for frequent comment. Rut the Dctroi
Tree 1'ross asks,''1)008 not Zachaiia
Chandler fill thc scat once occupied b
Lewis CASK? ls not I'Yntou in tho sc?
of Silas Wright, Dick Yates in thc SOI
of Douglas.*, ('barba Sumner in that <
Daniel Webster, Drake in that <
Thomas ll. Beuton, Colfax in that one
occupied by George Clinton and Marti
Van B?ren, And Grant in that of Geor?
'Washington and Jefferson V
An Ohio mun wants to bet on lad
Congressmen within three y curs.
Throe boxes rulo tho world-th,
j ballot-box, cartridge-box and baud
box.
[From th? Baitimor? Gaiette.]
FORCIBLE RESISTANCE.
When a nh?rt timo sine? sro suggest*
ed that forcible resistance to the Fif?
teen tli Amendment on the part of the
people of Maryland would be as unwise
os it would be hopelessly futile, we by
no means intended to deprecate an up?
ribing of the people et this oouotry
against tho footioo now dominant et
Washington. Ou tho contrary, it ii our
deliberate conviction that all further
aggressions aud usurpations of Congress
should be checked, if it can bo done iu
uo other way, by tho mighty voioe of a
popular revolution. We speak these
words advisedly. They embody tho
doctrines for tho vindication of whioh
the founders of tho American Republic
staked their fortunes and their lives,
and it becomes this people to ding to
them uow, dospite tho menaces of the
faction which wields the purso and sword
of the nation and controls tho corrupt
currents flowing from what a short time
siucc was our great fountain of justice.
What is called loyally to day is a barren
lie, and true patriotism means stern and
manful resistance to tho powers that be.
Is there never more to be opposition to
arbitrary rule ? Is there never more to
bo a limit to subsorvieut submission ?
Are the majority of the citizens of this
country to rofruin henceforth from hav?
ing a voice in its affairs ? Is the Radical
faction to bo suffered to obliterate the
Constitution altogether and forever, and
to trample ut will upon- the rights of
two-thirds of tho people? It would
seem so. Now or uevcr is tho time when
thoso who would stop this mad Radical
revolution must aot. No tyrant has ever
more manifestly abused thc power con?
fided to him fur the publie good that has
Congress; none has ever rendered him?
self moro justly amenable to popular
indignation aud punishment than the
leaders of the Radical faction. They
have overthrown the publio laws sud
time-honored, charterrcd institutions.
They have cruelly oppressed and
wronged thousands upon thousands of
innocent men. They have by trickery
aud violence forced upon the peoplo of
various States rulers whom tho latter
justly and cordially despise. They have
wrested political power from the hands
of the white man aud conferred it in
large measures upon tho negro. They
construct and overturn State govern?
ments by their own despotic edicts,
regardless of thc will or rights of the
governed. They aro tho masters of this
lund, and if they bo not now called to
account, tho American freeman must
.scmu sink into the political serf. The
hypocrites cull their course .'progress."
Cromwell called it tho "Lord's work"
when he put his foot upon all that was
best and noblest iu Englaud, stabled his
dragoons in ber churches and cathedrals,
and filled the Parliament at Westmin?
ister Hall with a set of ignorant aud
canting levellers. Marat preached fra?
ternity when thc heads of hundreds of
innocent women were falling beneath
thc guillotine, and little children were
being shot mid drowned cn musso in thc
natue of liberty. If resistance to thc
course which thc federal Congress is
and has been pursuing bo not the privi?
lege-nay, thc duty ol tho people-then
thc teachings of all history are wholly
false, and tho principles for which our
luthers fought were but so much chip
trap. They became but perjured
traitors by taking up arms against the
successor of thc Pla nt age not s aud
Tudors, if Americans arc to be accounted
culpable should they refuse to day
futhcr submission to thc decrees of the
sham Congress which now claims to bc
thc reul and legal representative of thc
people of the United States, Thc South
is helpless. Maryland stands alone, and
on the verge of deadly peril, as did thc
prophet upon the edge of thc pit of
ravening lions. Rut the Democratic
party still exists. Thc majority of thc
Northern people cannot but deplore the
ruin which is being wrought, and despise
the agitators who recognize uow no law
but their own will and their own
interests. Thc timid subserviency, or
to speak it plainly in this great crisis,
thc cowardice of thc Democratic loaders
of lite large Northern Slates has mudo
tho Radical faction what is. For years
they cowered belove military insolence
und thc threats of arbitrary power..They
not only maintained silence when it'must
became them to speak out man fully, but
uttered from tillie to time thoughts
which ihoj loathed and accepted doc
vines which they despised. Since thc
red cloud ol' war has passed away they
have ceased to speak with bated breath,
mid now utter defiant words; but, mis?
trusting tho honest instincts and noble
courage of millions who await tho sig?
nal to vindicate liberty and constitu?
tional government, they ute dallying
with schemes hy which to cheat a bold,
insolent faction out of its power, or
seeking the channel through which it
may bo most "expedient" to filch bock
thc rights ami freedom which have been
taken from us. How long thc true pa?
triots of the North propose to bear tho
yoko of on untrammelled mid despotic
Congress, we cannot know. How long
they intend to consent to n surrender of
all they were taught to hold so dear and
priceless, we may not surmise Rut in
thc name ol' a Stute now powerless, wu
protest against this shameless apathy,
this quiescent degradation. On her be
half wc di niand of tho intelligent und
liberty loving people of this land a rcae
j sertion of ?he sacred right of revolution,
and when they do show tho knaves in
j power that they uro enrnoftt mid resolute
in the determination to defend them
selves, a revolution will ensue than
which none hus ever been moro blood?
ies and peaceful.
- - 4.<n>-? -
0
Some of the fushiouublc colored ladies
of Now York heighten thc brilliancy of
their complexions by artful ly-rn ranged
pieces of Whit* COUrt plaster.
18??. ?8TO.
MAYESYILLE, S- C.
J. A. ??Y?slc CO.,
WILL CONTINUE DURING THE YEAR TO
KEEP ON HAND A PULL SUPPLY
OF GOODS IN THEIR LINE,
CONSISTING OF
DRUGS, MEDICINES,
GROCERIES,
AHB V&8YISI0BS.
nn 1 hop? to merit ? con timi ?nco of th? liberal
patronage thoy have- bera receiving.
Wo desire to call particular attention to our )
trad* lo
FLOUR.
It is our aim to keep for sate only good quali.
ties of FLOUR, and families may rely upon our |
stock as affording tho best grades of
Extra and family Flour.
to be had in tho marketa.
Our groceries genotally are all
FIRST-CLASS GOODS,
nud our DRUGS and MEDICINES are war?
ranted to be pnro and genuine.
Besides the usual stock of DRUGS and MED?
ICINES, wo keep always on hand, we offer two
invaluablo preparations of our owu manufacture
Anti-Malarial Specific,
FOR THE PERMANENT CURE OF
Chills and Fevers.
TONIC BITTERS,
an admirablo combination of TONICS adapted
to nil oases needing Tonie Medicino*.
! COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds taken I?
BARTER for goods at fair prices.
J. A. MAYES A CO.
I Jan 1, 1870_1 y_
New Hardware Store,
Main-st. under Sumter Hotel.
L. P. LORI N Gr,
-AGENT FOU
Messrs. King & Huppman,
BALTIMORE, RE. D>
Would respectfully announce to his frieudsand
tha public, that he has received and opened, at
tho above establishment a
Stock of Hardware and
Family Utensils,
embracing every article lu this lino of business,
which ho in ton da to sell at the
LOWEST PRICES, FOR CASH.
Ho will koop always iu store, \ completo usaort
mont of
Collin's Axes, Amos' Shovels and Spade?,
Trace Chains, Hoos, .
Rakes, Pitoh Forks,
Grain Cradles, Scythe Blades,
Guano Soires,
Pocket and Tnblo Cutlery,
Brass Preserving Kettles,
Tin Waro, Window G hus-all sises.
Porsons in want of tho most convcnionl and
economical Stoves, cnn bo supplied with tho
latest improved patterns at prices which cannot
fail to give ontiro satisfaction.
May 26_._
PICTURES,
. IN THE
HIGHEST AND LATEST STYLES
OF ART, ARE NOW TAKEN BY
WILDER & WHEELER
At tho Gallery tn Sumter, lately kept by II. B
MCCALLUM, such as
PHOTOGRAPHS,
IVORYTYPES,
AMUROTYPES,
FERR"' YPES, ic.
FRAMES of all sizes furnished.
PICTURES colored, and old pictures cleaned
and remounted.
STEREOSCOPES AND STEREOSCOPIC
VIEWS for salo.
Nov
JAMES CALDWELL.
WHOLESALE ANO RETAIL DEALER IN
Boots, Shoes, Hats, |
Trunks cteo.
Opposilo J. T. SOLOMONS,
Sumter, So. Ca.
Fob IH tloct.
TO THU
Planters of Maysviile
and Surrounding Country.
GKNTI.KMKN;
Wo most respectfully offor you tho following
mnnuroM *
PERUVIAN GUANO, direct from Ibo agent,
FARMERS PLASTER OH GYPSUM, up to
standard,
SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANO,
OOM POUND ACID PHOSPHATE, for compost
ling with colton seed,
DISSOLVED HONE A SUPERIOR ARTICLE
FLOUR OF HONE,
UAUGH'S RAW HONE PHOSPHATE,
CAROLINA FERTILIZER,
THE N AV ASS A AMMONIATED SOLUBLE
PHOSPHATE of Wilmington,
?VI- cash orders solicited.
MAYES A COOPER Agents.
Jnu 6-Sta
For Salo. I
WHAT V Af ?(JA ULM IMIOPHIVTY,
? calltd Hrookland, Situated loSuintor Cmiuty,
about one mile from StillCrtburg, and which was
tho family n-sldruro of tho lute John Ern di ev_
Il consists of a lurg? and Ano Dwelling llouso,
willi 10 room,, (8 unusually large,) Hrlck Hitch,
en, Stable, Ham. Cnrringo House and other nee.
essury mit building?, all In thorough repa I", nnd
nliout MO nero* ol' und. Placo entiroiy lu-ultliv.
Price $o000 00 nnd term* ptCODIodatlitg, .|'.-r
olhor~pi?rliculnrs, npply to th? undorstgncd, nt
Muriella, Ga., or to J. S. G. Richardson, Uso.
ut Sumter S, C. -
Feb M- tf. ELLEN BRADLEV.
--IN TUS
Highest
SUM^TEU
rf MIK undersigned would in nit
X announco to ilie pcoplo of 8omUr aw*
roundiug country haa bo bnve jun roesi!
SPLENDID LOT OF
TS/Lc* ar "tolo?
end la now prepared to re?oive and os.rgto- ?
dura of all kinds in bi? line, with uoaiuoU j|
dispatch.
UtON MAILING FURNISHED TO^'l
W. P. SMITH,;
SUMTER, S. C. ' " ( ' V
Nvo- 17_; r
ST O "^7" ^3
lui
Mauufueturcd'by .?'.'?SSS
Harbeck, Conkliu & W?l^j
Manufacturers of . . ->-'? ?Sjjf
Stoves, Tin and Japaned AVai^j?
And Agents tor . ' . .$3
Kaoline and Enameled Hare.
For auto by ' ,^?||
L, P. LORIXG, Agout,*$Wm
Jnr.oj)-_Suinter S. ?>.'^^
COIT'S ' . /Ssl
MILITARY ANO COMMERCIAL^
Academy, ? :M
M A Y E S VIL L,E,.S.
IN HHS INSTITUTION ROYS nnd YOUlfft)?!
MEN will be thoroughly fitted tuc CO LL H?ft'??
ur UUSINESS.
In addition to Ancient and Modern LangaagO&JI
the Soioncos and ordinary English liiu?ohosi
pescinl instruction will he givon in PENMAN-*:':VV
SHIP, ROOK KEEPINO, Uuelutss Korms [V*pM?
Accounts, und in Voeal Mueio. + A 3H
Thu Principal refera will? piulo and grtflfltfgjBfl
lion to his foruior pupils, who havo liken high V*
positions in Collogo or Business. '/ ' '^???
TUE FIRST SESSION hoglns October lat,
and closes February 16th. . ^
TUE SECOND SESSION begins February 1 Oih^- >j
and closes Juno 30lh. ' ?. . ??L?fi
TERMS: $100 pur So-.-ion for Board . j
Tuition, invariably in advance ' ^TmaMa
French, Oorinnn nod Dru wing oxtra." ?-/3?KjB|
For Circulais address .? *J5 ESI
CAPT. WILLIAM, n. aotT^iSI
Mnycnville, 8.
REFEREES! "*^|W
Rov. J- Loighteu Wilson, D. I) , Dr. J. \ A? .ra
Mayos, Mayesville, So. Ca.; Gun. W.I^'JBBM
Prince, Choraw, 8. C. ; Rev. J. B. Mack, CliiirftsSi^H
ton, S. C.; Rov. G. W. Petrie, 1). D., 5IaolgarJi<to9
ory, Ala.; Messrs. Blandiug A ? jtieborJabn^|?
Sumter, S. C. -, .^sffiS
Jan 20 _j_L,7Jl?!^^
St. Joseph's Academy,^
CONDUCTKf BY T1IB f?SB
Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy, VjjS
SUMTER, S. 0. .
j*Sv THE Collegiate Exereiso's ofIfcls^JI
. Pir.ft Cbiss instituto. wUlbere*?ffi*jft??9
^^'T^wr^'11' tlll> lsI ol September. A.- prubi pt Njjj
*^jiffi^srattciidanco is requested in orcUr tof^j
<???fr fneilituto tho progr?s* und^m?n?Q?c^B
munt of tho clodes. Tho now Lui ld in ps Ofeffvfu
spacious und elegantly fmisliud. furnishing <UJ-.?
cotiium.lji lions for ono hundred boiirdorf, T^^S
uxtonsive grounds and pluezns ore ample tor'opv'^ j
air exercise nod .voling ladies tue timiuu|n;tjua
instructed lu English M al lie un. ii. ?*, Fiom-l., Ii,Vj:
linn, Music, Drawing,Paioliug, .Ve., .lo*. ?f.'.o^?i?J^f
lieu)thy, mr pr.ro, wa er good, mid lorma-ri.iiv'it^
aldo. For particular* apply t<> ibo Siipt-i?are**?n$S
St. J.isepli's Acadoiuy, Sumter,- or to the SupeJCW
riorcsa of tho Sisters of Morey, Ohurlcsiiiuv wb*f 'M,
wil1 ondea vor to invut the pres.-uro ni tho limos. !>')
Nov. IO '.jj?
MUSIC LL?S0N-; X:|
Vocal and lustrumcutal^
Tho undersigned bnvit.p taken bis re Mdonrc'nf^l
Slimier, will uivo lc .-s cns in Sic).'ii ti und on tl;e
I'lANO iin'l VIOLIN'. II.-will ?ikowlso ?iva Ir?fc!
sirup;Pm* tn FRENCH, (?ERM AN and AUlTfl?J?
METIO.
TUN 1 Ntl OF PIANO? ATTENDED T?.?*,^H
F-r furihor p iriieul .r*. apply to Lim ut . S> fl ?j
rcsldciieo in it.trv in Street. ' " ?<5?
ll. C M. Kor*T>i^^
WOFFOED COillt?^
SPAHT/.MI! HU V. U.,
F A v t; a, T v :
U EV. A. M. Sill I'i', I). 1>.. Pr.?i.|<1ii.''^fl
Pr.'f?vs..r Moulai and M..ia! S':i nc.1. %
DAVID DUNCAN. A. M.. P.-..'osfvr Anei?fn^3
LangtniKCs und Literature. " '"r's
HEY. V? III I EEOOiiD .S.iilTJI, D.D., ProWfOt^
English Lili rature. , ?.? rWffl
WAK?EN DU PRE, A. M., Pr..ft?ar Xsiaratf
Seleneo. ?
JAS. H. CARLISLE, A. M., l',.,f8*8Vr ilarb^S
ina lies. iffl
REV A. H. I. EST EH, A M., P..,fr ?or IlUlorijI
nnd lttlili? ii 1 Lit. ratnro.
The Hruparaiory S.di ...I, under t|,0 imhisrilufitji
s'lporvisinn of thu Faculty, Jim.' H*. ?H?s'ifiSl
A. B.. Principal. - . *^ffl
Divinity School-Bt-v. A. M. Sl.Ipp', p.. b*?
Kee. Wbilefoord Suiiih, I). J). ? l;lV> A. J? ^
Li s I er, A.M. ' y,' '1
, Tito first Session of Ihr? Sixteenth ColU?^jo'f
! Vear b.-.tins on ibo liisi M, ",;.IV lw'-?*tiBfQk
18t\a. ibo second Se>?i.", Iv ".', ,|,? nrsb'it!?e)V^
day In January. 1870. , .
The curso of sto.li..? md tho aihndirjc
aoliolar/htp remoln iinehnnged, Inn tho. 'F*"3t6_
now ndmit irregular studem? or lb. wo f'.^/itifM
lo pursue pnrlleular studies only . '<**~a
The Schools i.lrfo ep.-n nt ilie',.iiii:e flirtfi
Tuition per ve.ai, i i Coll??,. ('I.s.,,., )n?t
eontin '.ent fee, ?5I in Spe.-ic. oi .4. . j .lvV)
I Curre ney.
Tuition por vo ir, i" Piep .1 :!(..: > .,). .,i
Inn eootin;;ei.t fee, it I i.'. 11 , 1 ?
mils lot vob'n <>no t.^!| in II-'V.M -, . BV i?$
M on tb. from ? !0 lo iii m e...
.For lutCi.i puru-.ilin - nd ..^ '
A. Al r I!i^!' *
May IO

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