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The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, April 13, 1870, Image 1

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VOL. XX_I_- WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 13. 1870. NO 49.
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DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
the Sumter Watchman*
(ESTABLISHED IN li**.)
xVggy WIMMD1Y MO? NI WO j
AT SUMTER. 8. 0.? BY
GILBERT ?* FliOWERSe
Term?.
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OBITUARIES, TBIB?TB8 OF RESPECT
.?4 allI WaSulirtlOOl which aub.arv? privat.
latortrta, h? D?IO 'or ?? *?>srtU?awu._
THE REVOLUTION?
AN INTERVIEW WITH JUDGE ORB.
The Conclusions cf an Oil Statetman
? There's Life in the Old Land yet"
The Fate of the Aegro-Fact* for
Capitalists and Agriculturalists- The
Politiced Flatform-Manufacturing
Resources-Work for our Young Men
-The Old and the Nao Regime.
A correspondent of the New York
Tribune, writing from Anderson, S. C.,
nader date of March 17, gives quite an
interesting ftport of a conversation
with Judge Orr, tn whioh that gentle?
man appears to have set forth bis
political views with great fullness and
precision. After a sketchy account
of the Judge's residenee, manner
of life and person, the letter proceeds |
tosty : j
LIKES AND DISLIKES.
In Charleston and among the low i
country planters generally, ex Governor i
Orr is an object of cordial dislike.- i
When a Confederate Senator, he dared i
to anticipate before others, the probable t
downfall of the cause, and to iotroduee 1
io secret session what was known as the t
"Peace Resolutions." When Governor, I
he was bold enough to rise in the pres- I
euee of a body of Charleston merohants, ?
at a public dinner, aud utter truths, t
political and commercial, that made <
them wince. He had the hardihood to 1
affiliate socially with Generals Sickles i
and Canby, and aid them in the arduous i
work of reorganizing the State. He ?
assumed the responsibility, at whioh 1
other men shuddered, ot recommending I
officially, and on the hustings, that the
while people should vote for delegates
to the 3i?t* Constitutional Convention
-a Republican body;and finally capped i
the climax of political iniquity, by >
permitting himself to be eleotcd to the ?
office of Circuit Judge by a Republican i
Legislature. People now say : "All this '
was right;" "Governor Orr was two <
years in advance of us;" "had we <
followed his counsel the condition of ;
affairs would have been very different." .
But still the prejudice is hereditary and i
strong, and they neither forgive nor '
forget. 1
tasked the judge how he relished 1
this opposition. "Why, sir," he an- '
swered, "a public man in South Carolina, 1
who thinks for himself, must have a '
hide like a rhinoceros, ai 1 forty years '
of antagonism have made mine so tough 1
that all the poroupioes in Christendom 1
couldn't draw blood; that is, when 1 1
know I'm right."
In the up country, however, the feel- !
?og toward him is one of almost uni?
versal respect. Known tobe just in his i
administration of publio affairs, 'un- <
tainted by the breath of any corrupting
influences, of ten weighed in the batanee
and never found wanting, af.able with
the humblest, and personally popular i
among all classes, the people trust him.
They confide in his judgment. The
very fact that he predioted long ago 1
present consequences, and advised the
publio how to avert them, has more than
ever increased faith in his wisdom, and
fixed, as I am impressed, a determina?
tion by thousands to adopt his policy.
What that policy is, is foreshadowed io
tho following conversation :
THE PHILADELPHIA CONVENTION AND
DEMOCRATIC PARTY.
Q. Jndge Orr, you have been long
affiliated with the Democratic party of
the country, and I have some curiosity
to learn why, so soon after the Phila?
delphia convention of 1865, in whioh
you played an important part, you
identified yourself with and espoused
the principles of another party not
generally acceptable to your own peo?
ple.
A, The answer to that question is a
simple one. It was generally believed
throughout the South that the object of
that convention was to restore harmo?
nious feeling between the two sections,
and, accordingly,her representative men
were selected to confer and sot with the
Democratic leaders of the North. Re?
sults proved, however, that elements of
disruption were already at work within
the party-that the West and East were
antagonistic in their views of publie
policy-and that, in many respects, the
South was not in a eondition to agree
with either. The effort then made to
create a healthy publio sentiment to?
ward us signally failed, and, after a
mere spasm of cordiality io thc conven?
tion, itc members separated u diverso
in their opinions as ever. These
bickering? resulted in the election of
General Grant and the present supre?
macy of the Republioan party.
Q. But ia it your opinion that tho
Democratic party will never regain its
power ?
A. A party oalled Democratic may
eventually suoeeed, but the ja ld regimo
is forever dead. Tho antagonism of so
many leading members of the party to
the war will, sinoe the war has proved
successful, put them in the samo cate?
gory, in all future popular eleotions,
with tho opponents of the revolutionary
war, tho war of 1812, and the war with
Mexico. None of the parties opposing
.heso wars had snffioi?nf. vitally to
recover from the damaging results of
their opposition. But the blunders of
the Republican party, already made,
and wbioh they will continue to make,
not moving cautiously in consequence
of their consciousness of strength, will
necessarily create a reaotion, under the
influonoe of whioh they, too, will be
overwhelmed in national polities, u the
Jaokson party wu overwhelmed in 1840
m the contest between Mr. Van Buren
and General Harrison, when the eleetion
**B won not so muoh by the popularity
?f tho Whig principles a? by the un?
popularity of the Jackson and Van
.Buren Malnutrition, tlign Uses, the
eonseqent stringency of the finances, ?nd
official corruption, is the rock upon
wbioh the Republican party will be
wreeked. From the debris another party
wilt arise composed of the progressive
men of the country, whose Jeaderj will
be real statesmen and economists, and
under their administration the Union
will advance in true greatness and solid
prosperity. Doubtless the next census
will chango basis of power. More reta*
ti ve strength will be given to the South
and West, which will result in weaken?
ing the influence of the New England
States, and transferring the control of
the country to the agricultural sec?
tions.
Q Do you think the oountry would
be better off under s Demooratio ad?
ministration than it is at the present
time ?
A. I oan only answer that question
with qualifications. In my judgment,
thjp election of Qeneral Grant avoided
violence and bloodshed throughout the
South. Under the administration of
My. Seymour, efforts would unquestion
ibly have been made to overturn exist?
ing State governments, even before his
inauguration, because the people wore
itimulated by the delusivo representa?
tions of ardent partisans, who believed
lie oould undo the entire work of recou
itruotiou. The truth is, however, that
had Mr. Seymour been elected, ho would
bave been as impotent as Andrew
Johnson in every endeavor to render
issistance to the South. Tho majority
)f the Senate would have been against
kim for at least two years, and he could
aot have removed or appointed a post?
master. The House was in the same
ipposition, and none of the party would
have felt amiably inolined toward one
?hat had defeated their oandidate.
GUANT'8 ELECTION A BLESSING.
In this view, therefore, it was a bless?
ing to thc South that O .ut was elected.
Some of the resfflts to us, politically,
may not be agreeable ; some of the Con?
gressional legislation that has followed
bus been based upon a misapprehension
of the real public sentiment of the
South;but the end will prove the wis?
dom of the election of General Grant
[t must be remembered that the war did
DOt close with the termination of
hostilities. It required time to make
the people fully realize the fact that
they were conquered, and to adapt
themselves to tho new situation. The
principles for which ?they had fought
were, so to speak, hereditary, aud it
would be a marvel in history or in
human nature for them to have even
theoretically submitted to a stronger
power at once.
Q. Suppose, on the theory that the
Southern States were never out of the
Union, their representatives had been
admitted to Congress without the rex
strictions which have been imposed by
the enactments of that body, what then
would have been the result?
A. In my judgement, one third of
the States of the Union would have
been hostile to every leading feature of
the polioy of the conquering party.
They would not have sympathized with
the power by which they had been de?
feated. They would not have given
universal suffrage to the negro; they
would not have permitted the South to
be overrun by irresponsible and, in
many instances, corrupt men-mere
adventurers, having in view solely their
own elevation. In faot suoh was the
temper of the people, that they would
not have recognized the rights of qual?
ified suffrage to the colored man at
the time it was proffered. Ofcourse, at
the present time, they would be glad
enough to make suoh a compromise,
It is the knowledge of this fact which
accounts for the persistency of Republi?
canism at the North, and for the adop?
tion of a plan of reconstruction whioh
would remove the fangs of the serpent
by whioh that seotioo had been stung.
Still, I do not wish to bo understood as
endorsing all the peouliar manifesta?
tions of that political creed which bavo
been exhibited in the South, because
Republicanism has gone to extremes
here whioh would nover be accepted at
the North. A rehotioo must, necessa?
rily, take plaoe, aod is already in pro?
gross.
REPUBLICANISM TO PREDOMINATE.
Q. But will a true Republican
ism gain accessions to its ranks
from tho native white men of the
South ?
A. Most unquestionably, but it will
be a work of time, lt is every day bc
coming evident to men of shrewdness
and foresight that there is no organiza?
tion antagonistic to the Republican par?
ty whioh oan be successful in South
Carolina for the next ten years, and
the remark is equally applicable to
every Southern State in whioh there is
a large oolored majority. The results
of the last three years have satisfied the
people that all the present evils of whioh
they complain might have been averted
by showing to the oolored v)ters that
they intended to maintain their new
rights. Large numbers of the best men
in South Carolina are even now willing
to espouse Republican principles, and
would doubtless do so but for the distrust
whioh, as gentlemen of oharacter and
intelligence, they naturally entertain
toward iuuao who, by accidental circum?
stances, have been plaood in thc lead
of the Republican party-men who do
not, and never aid, enjoy publie
confidence ; men who aro
ignorant, corrupt, dishonest, and
unfit, by reason of their carly associa?
tions, for decent society. They were
adroit enough, however, to make the
more ignorant among the negroes be*
lieve them to be their best friends, and
by employing all the arts of the doma
Sogue, and an unscrupulous use of
(?graceful agenoios, they suooeoded in
being eleoted to tbs most important
offices In the Stat?.
TUK-COLORED PEOPLX.
Q. Is it your belief thet tb? negro osn
be controlled ?
A, It depends upon tbe material yon
work with, and the material you work
upon. The most ignorant are the most
radical ; the most intelligent are the
most conservative ; and my ezperienoe
with them, io the capacity of legisla
tora, satisfies me that as far as lies in
their power they mean lo do only that
which will redound to the best interests
of the State. Naturally, muoh of their
action has been based npon the determi?
nation to strengthen their party ; some
of their measures, such as legislating a
oity council into office over the head of
another council, perhapi equally Re*
publioan in oharaoter ; or such as ex?
tending the limits of a oity or town in
order to embraoe more votes, have been
extraordinary in their purpose; but
even these have found sturdy opponents
among the race, who will not lend
themselves to any policy, however ad?
vantageous, that is not fully sustained
by precedent or principle. As I said
before, the oolored people may, for
awhile, distrust the professions of white
men, but when thov see them in earnest,
and discover that it is not merely a
matter of politics, but of practical benefit
to the State, whioh is involved in a
combination of strength, confidence will
be restored, and the two races will work
together in harmony.
Q. Is there a disposition among the
oolored people to improve their oppor?
tunities?
A. Undoubtedly * large numbers of
colored children are attending school,
many of their parents, by economy and
industry, have aooumulated means ; as
a olass they dress better than before,
and there are general evidences of im?
provement. There is of course a large
olass of idlers, lasy mon and women,
who have no ambition tq do more than
live from hand to mouth. These prey
upon society, and bring their race iuto
disrepute ; out this is an evii which
only time oan cure. It is the brighter
side ot the pioture which our people are
pleasurably contemplating, because they
see in the advancement of this large
oolored element a corresponding degree
of advantage to themselves and the
State. We want intelligent labor. As
an agricultural community we must de?
pend upon it for success, and, it it oan
uor be brought from abroad, our polioy
is tc promote all educational influen?a
at home. It is a realization of the fact
that the interests of the two races are
common, thal each depends upon the
other, that tho black man is essential to
tho welfare of the white man, and that
both must work together in the busi.
ness concerns ol life, whioh has brought
men to thoir senses. We ore, in short,
becoming progressive.
THE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT.
Q. Allow me to ask, Governor, what
is likely to be the operation of tho fif?
teenth amendment throughout the
South ?
A. It is my belief that in a few
years Congress will find that they have
put into the hands of tho South a two
edged sword ; that that with which they
iotendod to deprive the white man of
power has only doubled it. And should
the question of repoaliug the clause be
raised, its strongest opponents will then
be those who live South of the Mason
and Dixon's line. So identical will
the interests of the two races here even?
tually become-all local causes of irrita?
tion boing removed-that the South
will go into a national contest with all
her armor on carrying with her the
balanoe of power, and the ability to de
? termine every vexed question of nation?
al politics. Ideas do not always culmi?
nate in a day or a generation, and we
can well afford to wait tho issue, know?
ing that mind will at last triumph over
muscle, and secure for us as a people
united, without respeot to color, all the
wrights to whioh we are entitled. In
other words, New England will not al?
ways dictate to us from the floor of
Congress, and thc North generally will
not enjoy the blessings of partial legis?
lation. In this light, looking to the
future for results, I think we should be
grateful for the fifteenth amendment.
THE FATE OF THE NEGRO.
Q. I have frequently seen it stated in
the public prints that the negro is dying
out, and the fear is expressed that, in
the oourse ot time, there may not be
enough loft to till the orops. But what
are your views on this subject ?
A. It is one to whioh I have not
given careful attention. Yot my ob?
servation of the mortuary records of
our principal cities satisfies me that
the fear expressed is not without founda?
tion. Natural causes, whioh you will
readily understand, are at work to pro?
duce this result. In old times, under
our system, the health of slaves, es?
pecially of the yoong, was a matter ol
constant solicitude. Unless on extra?
ordinary occasions, they were neither
over-worked nor permitted to lounge in
idleness. They were fed on substantial
food, comfortable clad, properly amused
and had no oares. When ill, the planta
tion physioian was oalled in, and all hil
skill applied to the business of restora?
tion. The slave represented money
mouoy in himself and money in tb?
our rent year's crop. It wasn't profita?
ble to allow him to be siok, and muot
less profitable to let bim dio. The oon
sequenoo was that, botween the yeai
1800 (when there were only 50,00(
slaves in the United States) and th?
year 1860, the inorease was upwards o
4,0J0,000 ; and it is a grave question
by the way, what sort of a oountry wi
should have had in fifty years more a
the same rate of negro growth. It is an o th
er grave question whether, if Provi?
dence intended emancipation to tak
plaoe at any time, it did not ocout au
spioiously in 1868. But to resume. Th
condition of the freedmen is now re
versed. With no master, he has n
sense of responsibility. Tho more ig
nor n t among the field hands are eon
tent to lire in squalor and wretchedness,
their children die from lack of proper
food and care, and there is unquestiona?
bly a diminution in their numbers from
natural causes, which in their present
situation cannot bo controlled. This is
especially tho ease among the negroes
on the cc : but the remark does not
apply to the intelligent colored man
anywhere. It is s remarkable fact that
the slave increased twenty-three and
one-half per cent., and the oolored free
people only one per cent, during the
ten years preceding the war. If I re?
member rightly, the eity registrar of
Boston reported that during the
five years preoeding 1869 the
number of colored births was one less
than the number of marriages, and the
doaths exceeded the births in the pro
{ortioo of nearly two to one. In Rhode
aland and Connecticut, according to the
registries kept, the yearly deaths of
blacks and mulattoes have generally
exeoeeded the yearly births. There is
no method of reaohmg similar results
in the South, except through the re
poits of the health officers of th? dif?
ferent cities, but these show a startling
amount of mortality in the raoe, and
invite a question as to its ultiainte con.
dition. My own impression is, that in
a quarter of a oentury from the present
time, all the colder regions of the South,
from Virginia to Georgia, will be main?
ly populated by sturdy white emigrants,
before whose oompeting toil the negro
will be obliged to givo way, and that he
will seek the lowlands as his final abi?
ding place. Those are but speculations,
yet the fate of the red man is to a very
considerable degree typioal of the law
of nature whioh oas applied to the ne?
gro in every State in whioh he hos been
compelled to work for his subsistence,
side by sido with the white. The
South, however, requires all her labor?
ing population, and as a people, we do?
plore any exigency whioh threatens to
deprive us ot so essential an aid to our
prosperity. Hence it is that our liber?
al minded men, farseeing these results,
are prepared by wise and human regu?
lations tor their enlightenment and moral
and social improvement, to make the
colored people valuable io our agricul?
tural developments, and thus retain
them as an element of practical strength
and usefulness.
IMMIGRATION-ITO IMPORTANCE TO
THE SOUTH.
Q. Tho views you have expressed
lead naturally to the inquiry whether
the people ot the South fully appreciate
the importance of an infusion of more
energetic help, of white emigration
from Europe and tho North, and what
inducements are offered to citizens of
other portions ot the world to settle in
your midst ?
A. The inquiry opens a broad field
and comprehends much. In general
terms, I answer that, viewing the ques?
tion of Southern resuscitation in ail its
bearings, emigration ?san absolute South?
ern necessity. Our losses during the
war amounted to the enormous sum of
?7,000,000,000. Wo have loft to us,
however, an im ra snse area of land, a
productive soil, and a genial climate.
Our resources are incalculable, but we
need population and oapital to develop
thom. We are satisfied with our pre?
sent labor. It is insufficient and to some
extent untrustworthy. To illustrate :
The population of South Carolina ts in
round numbers say 700,000, near);
equally divided between white and
black. This would give us but twenty
three persons to tho square milo, yet tho
territory of the State, under thrifty
cultivation, may be made to sustain
4,000,000 of persons with ease. To
obtain this population we must tap the
reservoirs of the world, and to all who
oome we will extend a cordial welcome.
Immigration will induce competition,
and in competition is our safety. There
is no other coeroion that can be applied
to idlo men. They must either work
or starve. Doubtless we have to en?
oountor much opposition from the West
in our endeavor to divort the tide of
emigration, but we have more to offer
in the shape of reward than any Wes?
tern State. Our products are nearer
the great markets of the world, our soil
is far more fertile, and the emigrant
will come to a State already settled and
poscssiog the advantages of age if not of
progress. The same causes whioh have
developed Wisconsin, Minnesota and
Iowa may bo applied with equal, if not
greater success in South Carolina. We
only require a multitude of farmers to
raiso a produot for whioh we have
heretofore paid the North and West,
and in my judgment the owners of large
tracts of valuable plantation lands will
be glad to dispose of their surplus pos?
sessions, rather than attempt the oulti
vation'of orops on tho gigantic soale
whioh belonged to our formor system of
labor. Experiment has demonstrated,
both here and abroad, the value of small
farms sod diversified industry. We
have about 4,600,000 aores of land un?
der cultivation, only ono fourth of the
area of the State. This would throw
into market 45,500 farms of 100 aoros
oaoh. To illustrate by comparison, Now
Jorsey and South Carolina aro vory near?
ly equal in population. The value ol
tho products or tho first named State in
1850 wau $b0,003,00; of South Carolina
during tho same year only $40,080,000
True, tho oapital of one is largely de?
voted to manufacturing purposes ; thc
oapital of the other is employed obieflj
n agriculture ; but you will readily soe
that if all the facilities at our command
our vast water power and msnufaotu
ring resources, wore developed to th?
same extent as in New Jersey, we would
roalise truly a golden dream of prospor
ity. Even under present oiroumstanoei
we shall bo batter off pecuniarily, in flvi
years, with anything like favorabh
orops, and will have more aotual casi
at' our command than ever before. It
two years wo will begin to invest om
surplus capital io manufactures, but at
present oar people are afraid to invest
in anything. They hare money, a
large amount of it, bat it has gone into
coin, and ia hidden away. In a little
while, as soon as political* affairs are
settled, and confidence ia restored in
the.administration of Stato and national
affairs, yon will see it come forth and
go into atooks and benda. The old evil
of extravagance, so fatal to permanent
prosperity, has been effectually cured,
and hereafter as mao appreciate the diff?
iculty of making money, they will
manage ita outlay judiciously.
IN 00N0LU8I0N,
remarked Judge Orr, the views I have
expressed to yon this evening, while
entertained by a large number of the
citizens of the State, have never before
that I am aware of, been publioly utter?
ed. I know what will be the result
when they sro published. I shall
be roundly abused for telling the
truth and speaking what, in my
judgment is common souse ; but
the soundness of these reflections will,
I am confident, be demonstrated in
the future, when passion has sub?
sided, and reason once more assumed
sway.
AN ACT
To malee Appropriations and Raise
Supplies for tlie Fiscal Year commen?
cing November 1st, 1869.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the State
of South Carolina, now met and sitting in
General Assembly, and by the author?
ity of the same, That the following
sums be, and they aro hereby appropri?
ated for the payment of various officers
and expenses of the State Government,
that is to Bay:
FOE SALARIES.
For the Governor, three thousand five
hundred dollars ; for the Seoretary ot
Stato, three thousand dollars; for
completing index to the records of the
office of the Secretary of State, two
thousand dollars; for clerk to Seoietary
of State, one thousand dollars ; for the
Private Seoretary of the <Governor, two
thousand dollars ; for the Adjutant
and inspector General, twenty five
hundred dollars ; for the Assistant Ad?
jutant and Inspeotor General, fifteen
hundred dollars ; for the Comptroller
General, three thousand dollars ; for
Clerk to the Comptroller General, one
thousand dollars ; for tho State Treas?
urer, twenty five hundred dollars ; for
tho Chief Clerk to the State Treasurer,
eighteon hundred dollars ; for the Book
keeper for Stato Treasurer, eighteen
hundred dollars ; for the Auditor of
tho State, twenty five hundred dollars ;
for the State Auditor's Chirk, one thou?
sand dollars ; for the Superintendent
of Kdunstion, twenty five hundred dol?
lars ; for the Clerk to the Superintend?
ent of Education, eight hundred dol?
lars ; for tho Chief Constable, fifteen
hundred dollars; for the Chief Justice
of the Supreme Court, four thousand
dollars; for the two Assooiate Justices,
seven thousand dol?ais; for the eight
Circuit Judges, twenty eight thousand
dollars ; for the eight Circuit Solioitors,
eight thousand dollars ; for the Attor?
ney General, throe thousand dollars;
for the Attorney's General's Clerk, one
thousand dollars;for the Clerk of the
Supreme Court, who shall perform the
duties of Librarian of said Court, fifteen
hundred dollars ; for the State Reporter
fifteen hundred dollars ; for the keeper
of tho State Houso and State Librarian,
seven hundred dollars ; for the Superin?
tendent of tho South Carolina Penaten?
tiary, two thousand dollars ; for the
three health officers, throe thousand
nine hundfed dollars; for the Watchmen
of the State house and grounds, six
hundred dollars each ; for the County
Auditors, thirty one thousandjfive bun'*
dred dollars ; Clerk to tho Auditor of
the County of Charleston, one thousand
dollars ; for the three Code Commission?
ers, ten thousand five hundred dollars ;
for the Governor's messenger, three
hundred dollars; for the land Commis?
sioner, two thousand dollars ; for the
County Sobool Commissioners, thirty
one thousand five hundred dollars ; for
the Commissioner of the Bureau of Ag?
ricultural Satieties, fifteen hundred
dollars.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.
SEO. 2. For Contingent fund of the
Governor, twenty five thousand dollars,
out of whioh shall be paid the expenses
of the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics,
to bo drawn upon the order of tho Gov?
ernor ; for the contingent fund of tho
Treasurer, ooo thousand dollars ; for
the contingent fund ot the Comptroller
General, ono thousand dollars ; for the
contingent fund of the Attornoy Gene?
ral, one thousand dollars; for the con?
tingent fund of State Auditor, ono
thousand dollars ; for the contingent
fund of the Adjutant and Inspeotor
Goneral, twenty five hundred dollars;
for the contingent fund of tho Superin?
tendent of Eduoatiou, ooo thousand
dollars; for the oontiogent fund
ef the Seoretary of State, one
thousand dollars ; for oontiogent fund
of the Chief Constable, five hundred
dollars ; for the oontiogent fund of the
Stato Librarian, three hundred dollars ;
The abovo appropriations to be drawn
on the order of the hoads of sovoral de?
partments, if so muoh bo necessary.
JUDICIARY DEPARTMENT.
SEO. 8. For tho purohase of books
for the Supreme Court Library, five
thousand dollars, if BO muoh be neces?
sary, to be drawn on the order of tho
Chief Justice ; for contingent expenses of
the Supreme Court, tinder section 7 of
an Aot rati?ed the eighteenth day of
September, 1868, one thousand dol?
lars.
ORDINARY CIVIL EXPENSES.
SEO. 4. For contingent aooonnts for
the expenses of the general eleotion of
1870, fifteen thousand dollars, if so
much be neoeesary, aooonnts to bo
audited by tba State Auditor, and paid
on the warrant of tbe Comptroller Gen*
eral; for the support of the Lunatic Asy?
lum, six tees, thousand dollars, to be
drawn on the order of the Governor;
for the support of the State Orphan
Asylum, fifteen thousand dollars, to be
[?aid in accordance with the law estab
isbing tho same ; for Quarantine expen?
ses, four thousand dollars, to be drawn
on the order of the Comptroller General,
scoounta lo bo first approved by the
Governor;for the Physician of the
Charleston Jail, one thousand dollars;
transportation and olothicg for dischar?
ged convicts, three hundred dollars ; for
the Catawba Indians, fifteen hundred
dollars, to be paid on the order of the
Governor ; for the State constabulary,
thirty thousand dollars, if so muoh be
oeoessary, to be paid on the order of
the Governor: for contingent account of
the State, including the payment of ex?
penses ot the General Assembly and
printing, one hundred and twenty five
thousand dollars; also, tho sn m of
thirteen thousand four hundred and fifty
?4 100 dollars, to meet the deficiency
in the Legislative appropriation for
regular session of oightecn bundled and
sixty eight and eighteen hundred and
sixty nine; the futher sum of six
thousand three hundted and forty 81-100
dollars, remniuing undrawn, of the
appropriation for the payment of the
Special Session of 1868, can be applied,
if necessary, for the payment of the
above aocounts. All payments to be
made in the usual manner : Provided,
That all contingent accounts be audited
by the State Auditor, and paid on the
warrant of the Comptroller * General.
EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES.
SEO. 5. For continuing the construc?
tion of the South Carolina Penitentiary,
eight thousand dollars, to be paid on
the order of the Governor ; for repaire
and extension of the buildings of the
Lanatio Asylum, ten thousand dollar, to
be paid on the order of tho Governor,
accounts to be approved by the Board of |
'Regents; for repairs on the University
buildings, ten thousand dollars, if so
much be necessary, to be paid on the
order of the Governor, accounts to be
approved by the Board of Trustees ; for
the purchase of books for the Library
of the University of South Carolina two
thousand five hundred dollars, the same
to be expendod under the direction of I
the Board ot Trustees ?f the University ;
for building a vault to Comptroller
General's office, five thousand dollars,
if so muoh be necessary, aocounts to be
approved by the Comptroller General
and paid on the order of the Governor
for fitting up tho New State House,
thirty thousand dollars, if so much be
necessary, the contract to be awarded by
the Governor and the executive Com?
mittee appointed by the Joint Commit?
tee of tho General Assembly, to invite
proposals for the completion of the
State House, the money for the payment
of said work to be paid upon the order
of the Governor; for the remodeling and
repairs of the Governor's Mansion, five
thousand dollars, to be paid on the or?
der of the Governor ; for payment of ac?
count of J. S. G. Richardson, for 114
copies of Riohardson's Law, Equity and
Law, and Equity Reports, agreeable to
joint resolutions authorizing tbe Secre?
tary of State to purchase the same, appro
ved March 26, 18G9, eight hundred and
seventeen dollars; for payment of|
accounts of Bryau & MoCarter, for furn?
ishing 100 copies of Riohardson's 15th
Volume Law Reports, and 100 copies of
Richardson's 14th Volume Equity Re
ports, agreeable to joint resolutions
passed, eleven hundred dollars ; for pay?
ment of salary due C. D. Melton, for
servioos reudered the State as Solicitor
ot Northern Cirouit, one thousand five
hundrod and seventy five dollars; for
payiuont of salary due J. Williman, for
services rendered os Messenger of Court
of Appeals in Charleston County, and
Messenger and Librarian of the same,
two hundred and eighty seven 50 100
dollars.
EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT.
SEO. 6. For the support and mainte?
nance of free schools, fifty thousand
dollars, io addition to the capitation tax :
Provided, That said sum of fifty thousand
dollars be apportioned among tbe
soveral Counties of tho State in propor?
tion to their representation in the lower
branch of tho General Assembly : And
provided, further, That each County
shall bo entitled to the amount of poll
tax raised in said County ; for the
support of tho South Carolina University
twenty five thousand dollars, to be paid
on tho order of tho Governor ; for the
Education of tho deaf, dumb and blind,
eight thousand dollars, to be paid on
theordor of tho Governor.
MILITARY EXPENSES.
SEO. 7. To defray the expenses of
the enrollment, organization and equip?
ment of the militia, fifty thousand
dollars, to be disbursod by ?ho Adjutant
and Inspector General, on the order of
the Governor.
SEO. 8. For the payment of the
interest on the publio debt, three
hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
SEO. 0. That all taxes assessed and
payable under this Aot shall bo paid in
the following kind of funds, viz : Bills
Roc?ivablo of the State, Unitod States
Currenoy National Bank Notes, Gold or
Silver Coin.
Approved March 1, 1870.
- Suooesa in life is very apt to make
us forgot the time we was nt muoh. It
is just so with a frog on a jump; he
can't remomber wheo he was a tadpole
-but other folks oan.
- Josh Billings says: "Give the
devil his duos, reads well enough io a
proverb;" but prooeeds to inquire, very
pertinently ; "what will beoome uv you
and me if this arrangement is oarried
out ?"
1870. 187?.
MAYESVILLE, S- C.
J. A. M?Y?S"& CO.,
WILL CONTINUE DURING THE TEAR TO
KEEP OK HAND A PULL 8UPPLY
OP GOODS IN THEIR LINE,
CONSISTING OP
DRUGS, MEDICINES,
GROO ERIES,
AHB pRoyissons,
?ad bop? to merit a contlnaaaee of tbe liberal
patronage they bare be?a rewiring.
We desire to call particular attention ie oar
trade la
FLOUR.
It te oar aim to keep for sale only good quail,
ties of FLOUR, and families may rely upon our
stock as affording the best grades of
Extra and Fumify Ftourt .
to be had in the markets.
Our groceries generally are all
FIRST-CLASS GOODS.
and our DRUGS and MEDICINES are war?
ranted to be pure and genuine.
Besides the usual stock or DRUGS and MED?
ICINES, we keep always on bond, we offtr two
invaluable preparations of our own maaufaelure.
Anti-Malarial Specific,
FOR TUB PERMANENT CURE OF
Chills and Fevers.
TONIC BITTERS.
an admirable combination of TONICS adapted
to all eases needing Tonio Medicines.
COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds taken In
BARTER for goods at fair prices.
J. A. MAYES A CO.
Jan 1, 1870 _ ly
New Hardware Store,
Main s! under Sumter Hotel.
L. P. LORING,
-Ad EMT FOR
Messrs. King & Huppman,
BALTinonE, ra. ?.
Wonld reipco tf ul ly announce to his friends and
the pablio, that he has received and opened, at
the above establishment a
Stock of Hardware and
Family Utensils,
embracing every article in this line of business,
which he intends to sell at the
LOWEST PRICKS, FOB CASH.
He will keep always in store, a complete assort?
ment of .
Collin's Axes, Ames' Shovels and Spades,
Trace Chaine, Hoes,
Rakes, Pitoh Forks,
Grain Cradles, Soythe Blade?,
Guano Selves,
Pooket and Table Cutlery,
Brass Preserving Kettles,
Tin Ware, Window Glare-all sises.
Persons in want-of the mott convenient and
economical Stoves, can be supplied with tba
latest improved patterns at prloee which cannot
fall to give entiro satisfaction.
May 20_;_
PICTURES,
IN THE j J
HIGHEST AND LATEST STYLES
OF ART, ARE NOW TAKEN BY
WILDER & WHEELER, I i
At the Gallery In Sumter, lately kept by II. B
MCCALLUM, sueh as
PHOTOGRAPHS,
IVORYTYPES,
AMBROTYPES,
FERROTYPES, Ac|
FRAMES of sit sises furnished.
PICTURES colored,and old pictures deaned
and remounted. ,
STEREOSCOPES AND STEREOSCOPIC | i1
VIEWS for sale.
Nov_
JAMES CALDWELL.
WHOLESALE ANO RETAIL DEALER IN
Boots, Shoes, Ha*s,
Trunks etoo.
Opposite J. T. SOLOMONS,
Sumter, So. Ca.
Feb 1?_tl oct.
TO THE
Planters of Maysviil?
and Surrounding Couatry.
GBMTLKMBV;
We most respostfully offer you the following
manures:
PERUVIAN GUANO, direct from the agent,
FARMERS PLASTER OR GYPSUM, up to
standard,
SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANO,
COMPOUND ACID PHOSPHATE, for compost
ting with eotton seed,
DISSOLVED BONE A SUPERIOR ARTIC
FLOUR OF BONE,
B AUG H'S RAW BONE PHOSPHATE,
CAROLINA FERTILIZER,
THE NAVAS3A AMMONIATED SOLUBLE
PHOSPHATE of Wilmington, ?
oash orders solicited. 1
MAYKS A COOPER Agente. I
Jan 5-8m
For Sale.
IUI AT VALUABLE PROPERTY, ,
i called Brookland, Situated ia Sumter County, i
about ene mllr from 8tatesburg, and whieh was I
tb? family renldenco of the late John Bradley.
It consiste of a large and fine Dwelling House,
with 10 rooms, (8 unusually large,) Brlek Kitch?
en, Stable, Barn, Carriage Hou?, an J other nee
essary ou t- building?, all in thorough repair, and
about UO norse of land. Place entirely healthy.
Prlea $6000 00 and terms aoeompaatlftg. For
other particular!, apply to the undersigned, at
Marietta, Ga., or te J. 8. O. RtohnrdreO, Eaq
at Sumter S. 0.
Pcb 23- tf. ELLEN BRADLEY.
PROMPTLY IXt<
OVTfXCJt Q'?
Tho Sumter Watej
-IV TIM - I
Highest Style of tt
SUMTER V
MARBLE Yu
rllK undersigned woatd noel rer^e?ft}a^|||
announce to lb? poop!? of Sumter ?ed .Mft^T
. urjdiog couutry bss li? have Just weeltedj^rVj
SPLENDID LOT OF < . f$3
"Bag CL ar lo f .
nd le now preparad to recel <r? aod exeeate WI'_?;^
lors of all hinds in his line, with naatneer ead |Ogg
lispateh. ,
HON RAII.INO FURNISHED TO O lt) EE. ^
W. P. SMITH, ' .^M
SUMTER, 8. C. y'$M
Kro- ir_ yr >M
ST* O "V E
Kt
ManufacturodJTjy v<
larbeck, Coiiklin & Willi?/?]
Manufacturers of y
Hoves, Tin and Japaned Ware, ?
And Agonie for
Kaoline aud Enamel?? Ware.
'or sale by ? '' \<
L. P. LORING, Agont, . ^
June 9- Bumter 8. 0. j .
-.-.-,
COIT'S ,\ ;
MILITARY AND COMMERCIAL
Academy i
MA YE SVILL\E, S. ?.
TN THIS INSTITUTION BOYS and YOUNO ?1
L MEN will be thoroughly fitted for COLLEGE .
r BUSINESS.
In addition to Anelent and Modern Languages, .
tie Soi en cog and ordinery English Bramones,
esoial iostruetion will be giren In PENMAN*. . jr
HIP, BOOK KEEPING, Business Forma, and I
.O0OU1118, and in Vocal Muslo.
The Prineipal refers with pride and graillas- '
ion to h|s former pupils, who have taken high ?
osltlons in College or Bnsloess. \:
HB FIRST SESSION beglna Oetober 1st, .v?
and oloses February lath. ' ^
HE SECOND SESSION begins FebrtUTy loth, ?
and olotes Juna 80th.
TERMS : $100 per Session for Board and ' . ]
'nilton, Invariably in advanee. &
Fron ob, German and Drawing astra.
For Circulara address
CAPT. WILLIAM II. COIT.
Mayeavllle, S. O. V
REFEREES:. ?
Rev. J. Leighton. Wlteon, D. D., Hr. J. A. 1
layes, MayesvUle, So. Ca.; Gon. W. L. T. .;"
.rince, Cheraw, 8. C. ; Rev. J. B. Meek, Charlea- f
an, 8. C.; Rev. G. W. Petrie,D. D., Montgom- < r
ry, Ala.; Messrs. Blanding A Richardson,
lumter. 6. C. ;
Jan 26 t7July.
3t. Joseph's Academy. |
coanneran av TBB ',
Sisters of 0or Lady of Mercy,
SUMTER, S. O. m
yifm? THE Collegiate Exereisea of thia J '
OTrwBL Fin" c,ais I"s,l,ut?? wl11 i>?resumed
Ibo let of Seiiteniber. A prompt y.
Td?^faUoiidanco is requoft? in order to ,
*^ft?9* faeilitato the progress and arrange*.
lent of tho classes. The new buildings are
paoious and elogantly finished, furnishing fie*- Jr*
ommodatione for one hundred boarders. 'She '
itensiro grounds and pinsias are aiuplo for-etoen
ir exereise, and young ladles ara thoroughly
ostruotod in English Mathematics, French, ItaV 'Tffi
ian, Muelo, Drawing,Painting, Ac., Ae. Loeattea ...
ealtby, ?ir pure, wnter good, and tarma reason
ble. For particulars apply to the Super teresa of "
t. Joseph's Academy, Sumter, or to the Bape? M
loress of tho Sisters of Mercy, Charleston, who
rill ondeavor to meet the pressure ot' the times.
-?L-J.?_. ;
MUSIC LESSONS.
focal and
Instrumental.
- M
The undersigned having taken his residanee at
! nut tor, will give lossone In Singing and ou. tba' 'j
?IANO and VIOLIN. He will like wi.o give In. :,
trnotlonaJtLf RENCH, GERMAN aud ARITH?
METIC. I
TUNING OF PIANOS ATTENDED TO.
For further particulars, apply to bim at hit
esidenco in Harv in Street.
II. C. M. KOPFF.
Feb 2-tf_. i
WOFFORB COLLEGE.
.FARTANBIina ?. H.,
80. CA.
FACULTYl
IEV. A. M/8HIPP, D. D., Presiden
Professor Mental and Moral Sol? ace.
DAVID DUNCAN, A. M., Professor Anelent
Languages and Literature.
ttEV. WHITEFOORD SMITH, D. D., Profeeaot^ \
Baglish Literature -
rVAUREN DU PRE, A. M., Professor Natural
Sclonoe.
rAS. II. CARLISLE,. A. M., Prefassor Mathe,
matios.
?IEV. A. H. LESTER, A. M., Professor History
and Biblloal Literature.
The Preparatory Sehtot, under tba' Immediate -.
mpervlsliin of the Faculty, Jno. W. S HIPP,
K. H., Principal.
Divinity Sohuol-ROT. A. M. Phipp, D. D.
lev. Whitefoord Smith, D. D. t Rev.' A. B
Lester, A. M.
The first Session of the Slxloonth Collegiate
Ifoar begins o:i the first Munday In October,
I8A0. tho second KP*, lon begins un tho first Moa?
lly In January, 1870. V"
The course of studlea and the standard of '
loholarship remain unchanged, bat the Faculty?
?ow admit Irregular studeuts or those Who wise
to pursue particular studlea only.
The Schools also open at the same time.
Tuition per year, In College Olaeeee, Inolndlef
jonllngeot fee, $61 la Specie, or ita equlvelta'Vrn
Oarreney. ?
Tuition per year, In Preparatory SvhM, IhelueT
lng eontlogeut fee, #44 In earranay.
Rills payable ?ne half In adranee. Board, |
Month, from $10 to $1.1 In rurrenry.
For forth, r partlealar? address
A. M. Mill i', PrcMimt
May 10
... A J ... . .* *'

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