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The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, April 27, 1870, Image 1

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VOL. XXI
WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIt. 27, 1870.
Timo kHUM Bt BOM F?NBIM.~Tlr?.
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
KO L
' ' ^, -. .
The Sumter Watchman
{S8T?SL?8HSD IN ??9.)
l? rv* ninan
BV WIMHMT' MORN I NO
AT >U MT E R, 8. O., BY
GILBERT ** FLOWERS.
Terms.
0--yw.....~....?..? g
Six months. 1 ?.
TkrM aoatbt.,?.. X te
ADVERTISEMENTS im.rud st tb? rata
?f ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS per
nun fer th? Ont. ONB DOLLAR for th?
Mooad, FIFT? OBNTS for oaeh ?ubaoquent
Insertion, for aa? poriod IMI tbao tbreo aootbs
OBITUARIES, TRIBUTES OF RE8PECT
and ?ll ooarnooloatlon* which subserre privat?
?nuroau, will bo paid tor aa adrortltomonu.
ISAAC A. M'KAGUNJ
THE ADVERTISER BBOS TO OA LL AT
TBNTION TO HIS STOCK OF THE BEST
AND PUREST
CH EMI CALS,
Drugs,
-AND
PATENT MEDICINES,
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
PERFUMERY. SOAPS, TOILET POWDER |
and Chalk,
Puff Boiea and Puffs,
Shaving Cream and Brushes,
Hair Brushes,
lofant Brushes,
Tooth and Nail Brashes,
_ All at MoKAff N'S.
PRESCRIPTIONS
PREPARED CAREFULLY AT ALL HOURS, |
_Bj I. A. McKAQEN.
TUE BEST
BRANDY, OIN,
WHISKEY and WINES, I
_gold at MoKAQBN'8.
ALLSPICE,
Cloves, Cinnamon,
Qlnger, Mace,
Nutmegs and Popper. I
_At McKAQEN'S Drug Store.
KEROSINE OIL, Lamps, Burners. Obimneya I
Wicks. Ac._At McKAQEN'8.
LARGE and FRESH SUPPLY OF
GARDEN SEEDS
_ For sale by McKAQEN.
MILLER'S ALMANAC for 1870
At McKAQEN'S.
A FINE SEGAR
CAN BE IPAD
Fob 16_At McKAQEN'S.
REMOVAL,.!
HAVING REMOVED to Corner of Main
and Republioan Streets, and thoroughly
revised and renovated my Stook, I ?an offer to
my customors and the pnblio generally, as fine
AN ASSORTMENT OF WELL SELECTED
Drugs.
AND *-'
General Medicines,!
As oan be found in this market.
Comprising most of the popular
Patent Medicines,
-SUCH AS
Rossdalis,
Philotokcn or Female Friend,
Mystic or Female Regulator,
Jayne's Expectorant,
Jayne's Pills,
Ayor's Cherry Pectoral,
Wistar's Bulsam Wilt) Cherry,
Hembold's E: tract Buohu,
Simmons' Liver Invlgorator,
Sandford's Liver Invlgorator,
Hall's Hair Renewer,
Barry's Trlcopherous,
Tammi's Aperient.
Stafford's Olive Tar for colds, soughs and |
.onautnption.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup,
Russell's Soothing Cordial, without ano?
dyne,
Holloway's, Vttn Deuson's and Hurley's
Worm Candy, with all the Vermifuges.
A completo assortment of
PERFUMERY, TOOTH BRUSHES AND
TOILET ARTICLES.
-ALSO
A choico article of CO LO 0 NIC, of our own manu?
facturo, which we can sell ohoap-with all other |
articlos which should be found in a
Well Regulated Drug Store.
Jan 20-tf J. F. W. DELORME.
DRUGS,
MEDICINES, CHEMICALS!
Toilet and Fancy Articles.
A. ANDERSON & CO..
Apothecaries and Chemists,
SUMTER, S. C.
Are receiving constantly a full supply of Pure |
Drugs and Chemicals, and a well seleotod I tool
of Fancy Articles and Perfumery.
-ALSO
A great variety of Toilet 8oaps, *
Extracts for tho Handkerchief,
Fine Colognes, Foreign and Domestic,
Surgical Instruments, Trusses, Ac.
All Medicines warranted genuin? and of the
very best quality.
PHYSICIAN'S PRESCRIPTIONS, Carefully
compounded night or day. To be fountLat night
at tho residence of Mr. Anderson on Maui St.
A. ANDERSON, - A. J. CHINA, M. D
Jan 0_
Naya ssa G uanoi
-FROM THE-!
NAVASSA GUANO COMPANY!
-OF
WILMINGTON, NO. CA.
INCORPORATED AUGUST, 1869.
IMPORTERS OF
Navftssa Guano, Sulphur,
NITRATE OF SODA, kc.
MAH0TA0T0RER8 0?
Sulphuric and Muriatic Acids,
And of the Patented
"Nayassa Ammoniated
SOLUBLE PHOSPHATE."
FOR SALE BY
A. A. SOLOMONS,
Agent for Sumter C<Mnty%
March 28-la,
r
PEACH TRI MANURE
"PERSICATOR."
The Original and Genuine Article.
Prepared ander tbe Formula of Dr. DAVID
ST? WA RT, Chemist, and ?ecured by Letters Pat?
ent bj us for tbe Patentee.
COMPOSED OF
Phosphates and Potash,
The FOOD which forms the mineral part of the
slant, and that W removed from the
soil with every crop.
PARTICULARLY ADAPTED TO
HORTICULTURE, FRUIT TREES, CORN
AND TOBACCO,
THE EXTERMINATOR OF
Bust, Spores and Insects
Diseased Peach Trees,
With yellow leaves, under its influence, produce
a dark green foliage in a few weeks.
Put up in New Barrels.
PRICE, $40,00 PER TON.
Liberal deduction made to doalors.
We annex the following certificates taken from
many received by us :
Son NT SIDS, Anne Arundel co., Md., )
March 19th, 1870. J
Mtitr?. Wm. Crichton <? .Von-Gentlemen : I
used tho Persioator on my Peach Treos last spring
with much satisfaction. Many of my treos are
six years old, wore diseased from th e wo na,
tho leaves wore yellow and sickly. I applied a
small shovelful of tho Persicator around the base
of eaoh tree. In a few weeks they produced a
rich green foliage, and bore a fine crop. I am
satisfied that this manure completely doifroyed
the worm, invigorated the trees and the growth of
the erop.
THOMAS SHEPPARD.
RICBKOND, VA., Feb. Otb, 1870.
Meeert. Wm. Crichton d> Son, Baltimore-I
used the PRRSICATOR on a piece of very poor
land to give the CORN a start, and drilled it in
at the rate of 50 lha. PER ACRE, ot the cost of ono
dollar. On this lot I never had been able to se?
cure a "eland" by reason of tho "COT WORM," al?
though I tried salt in various ways.
On the rows to which I applied the "PERSI?
CATOR," the corn came up "to a hill" promptly
and grow oft* finely. On the remaining rows, not
more than one third of the plants escaped tho
worm, and those that did, woro puny in appear?
ance. M
If farther trials on lands infested with "Cut
Worms" shall result in securing a "STAND" like
the ono referred to, I should consider it an ex?
tremely valuable, and tbe cheapest remedy,
which could be used.
S. BASSETT FRENCH,
Editor Farmere' Qatette.
PRESTON. Caroline Co., Md., Feb. 18th, 1870.
I applied the PERSICATOR to Sonanox, alter?
nating with a fertilizer costing $50 per ton in
equal quantities. The growth of the "CANE"
?'hero the PERSICATOR wns applied, waa very su
perlor and equal to any munurod with tho moro
costly Fertilizer. *
H. F. WILLIS.
FOR SALE BY
Wm. Crichton & Son,
SOLE MANUFACTURERS,
BALTIMORE, MD.
For sale by
Green, Watson & Walsh, Agents,
Apr! 6-lm]_SUMTER, S. C.
C. T. MASON .
WATCH MAKER
AND
JEWBLsER.
SUMTER, S. C.
Has just received and keeps always oa hand
New and Beautiful Styles of
JEWELRY, FYE GLASSES, &C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY- RE
PAIRED WITH DISPATCH.
March 31
O. F. HOYT.
SUCCESSOR TO
I HOYT,
SO. OA.
"Y^OULD rospcctfolly inform his friends
and tho publio of Sumter, and adjoining counties,
tbat he has recently recoived a choice soleo
tion of
LADIES' AND GENTLEMENS?
"\7S7 ones,
JEWELRY, SILVERWARE,,
SPECTACLES, &c, &c,
His stook embraces all ?the latest stylos, and
will bo sold at roasonablo rates.
Sept 29_
P. P. TOALE,
CHARLESTON, S. 0.
?-? i
?ty.
ILargest endmost ooropleto*)
Manufactory of Doors, Sashes, ! ma^t.
Blinds, Mouldings, Ao., in the f
Southern States. )
p&"Printed Pries List Defies Competition."^
Jt?aT* Send for one "KS*,
?** Sent Free on Appltoation. *~eta&
April 0 ly
Tales From the raimad.
" Hope, resignation, and dependence on
the divine protection, illustrated in the
life of Rabbi Akiba.
"All tbe paths of tbe Lord ?re mercy and truth*
unto euch as keep bia oonvonan ts ?ad his testi?
monies."-Psal ia ZXT.
Mao, with bis boasted wisdom, ia bat
a short sighted creature ; and with all
his pretended power, a weak and help?
less being. He koowa not in one mo
ment what will happen to bim in the
next. Nor oould such knowledge, were
he to possess it, either prevent or - re?
tard events over whioh he has not the
least oontrol. The emiuent faculties
with which he is gifted, may indeed
enable him to see the immediate effects
of particular occurrences: but the re?
mote consequences and final results aro
hidden (rom his coufined view. Hence
he often wishes for things whioh, were
thy granted, would tond to his injury;
and he as often laments and bewails
those very events whioh ultimately
provo to his benefit. Thus oircum
Btaucdd, iio uuuld not possibly escape
the numerous dangers that surround
him ; nay, ho would often rush on that
very distruotion whioh he seeks to
avoid, were it not for the meroiful
providence of that Supreme Being who
gave us our existence, who watehes
over our welfare, and who gui les our
steps.
lt is he who delivers us from "the
noxious pest ?lenco whhh marches in the
dark, and from the destruction which
rages at noon.;; It is he that turns
our mourning into joy, and who changes
present evils into everlasting good.
"Happy then the man who has the
God of Jacob for his help, and who
trus s in the Lord his God."
So convinced was Rabbi Akiba of
these divine truths, so fully persuaded
was he that from the Fountain of Good
ness no real evil eau flow, that even
under thc greatest afflictions and suf*
fcringri-and they were many and va?
rious-he was accustomed to say,
"Whatever God does is good."
The ancient sages of it-real have re?
commended us to adopt the same max?
im ; and they have illustrated it by tho
following narrative :
Compelled by violent persecution to,
quit his native land, Rabbi ?kib;t
waudcred over barran wastes and dreary
deserts. His whole equipage consisted
of a lamp, whioh he used to light at
night, in order to study the Law ; a
cock, which served him instead of a
watch, to announoo to him tho rising
dawn ; and an ass, on which ho rode.
The sun was gradually sinking be?
neath the horizon, night was fust ap?
proaching, and the poor wanderer kucw
not where to shelter his head, or where to
rest his weary limbs. Fatigued, and
almost exhausted, he came nt lase near
a village. Ho was glad to find it in?
habited-thinking where human beings
dwelt, there dwelt also humanity and
compassion ; but ho (vas mistaken. He
asked for a night's lodging : it was re?
fused. Not one of the inhospitable in?
habitants would accomodate him. Ile
was therefore obliged to seek fliehet in
a neighboring woods.
"lt is hard, very hard," said he, "not
to find a hospitable roof to proteot mo
against thc inclemency of the weather j
but God is just, and whatever ho docs
is for thc best."
JIo (teated himself beneath a tree,
lighted his lamp, and began to read tho
Law. He had scarcely read a chapter,
when a violent storm extinguished thc
light.
"What," exclaimed he, "must I not
be permitted even to pursue my favorite
study ! But God is just, and whatever ho
does is for tho best."
Ile stretched himself on the bare
earth, willing, if possible, to have a few
hours' sleep. Ho had hardly closed
his eyes, when a fierce wolf came and
killed the cock.
.'What now misfortune ia this?"
cjaculuted thc astonished Akiba. "My
vigilant compaion is gouo 1 Who, then,
will henceforth awaken me to tho study
of the Law ? But God is just : he knows
best what is good for us poor mortals."
Scarcely hud he finished the sentence
when a terrible lion came and devoured
the ass.
"What is to be dono now?" exclaim?
ed the lowclv wanderer. "My lamp and
my cock are gone ! my poor ass, too, is
gone I And all is ?june ! But, praise
be the Lord, whatever he does is for tho
best."
He passod a sleepless night, and early
in the morning went to the villago to
see whether he could procure a horse,
or any other beast or burden, to enable
him to pursue his journey. But what
was his surprise not to find a singlo in-?
dividual alive !
It appears that a band of robbers had
entered tho villago during the night,
killed its inhabitants, and plundered
their houses. As soon as Akiba had
sufficiently recovered from the amaze
ment into whioh thi* wonderful occur?
renco had thrown him, he lifted up his
voioo and exclaimed,
"Thou great God, thc God of Abra?
ham, Isaac, and Jacob, now I know by
experience that poor mortal men aro
short-sighted and blind, often consider?
ing as evils what is intended for their
preservation ! But thou alone art just
and kind and merciful 1 Had not the
hard hearted people driven me, by thoir
inhospitality, from the village, I should
assuredly have shared thoir fate. Had
not tho wind extinguished my lamp,
the robbers wonld have been drawn to
tho spot, and have murdered me. I
perceive, also, that it was thy mercy
whioh deprived me ?{ my two compan?
ions, that they might not by their noise
five notice to tho banditti where I was.
raised, tn cn, be thy name for over and
.rer 1"
NATURAL HlSTOBkY-SWMIMIIfG
BIBBS.
The web footed bird (Natatores,') or
swimmers, are a curious and valuable
order iu the economy of nature. Their
most striking character is derived from
tht structure of the feet, whioh are
furnished with webi botween the toes.
These webbed feet are the prinoipal
agents by. whioh the birds propel them?
selves through the water, upon the sur*
face of whioh most of them spend mueh
of their lives; and by the same means
many species dive their long nooks far
below the surface in search of their
food, whioh consista almost -entirely of
fish and aquatio animals. Their bodies
are of a boat like foina, so as to out the
water with ease ; their plumage is dose
and downy, and mado water proof by a
greasy secret i on constantly flowing from
glands-somewhat like tho oyo is mois?
ted by tho tear secretions. Th? wings
are developed in various degrees. In
the penguins they resemble fins, hav?
ing no quills and being covered with a
scaly skin j in other species the wings
are huge and powerful, so that these
latter birds pass most of their timo in
tho air.
Most of these birds live in large so?
oieties, inhabiting high northorn and
southern latitudes. Many of them pre?
fer rocky coasts, in tho clefts and cran?
nies o?' which they lay their eggs, often
on thc bare rook, but generally in the
most inaccessible places. The nest is
always of a rude description ; bUfc some
species have the instinct to attach their
nests to aquatic plants, so that although
securely anchored it may yet rise or
full with tho tide.
The immense number of these water?
fowl absolutely baffles oompreheosion.
Not only the rivers and lakes-espe?
cially those remote from the abodes of
man-teem with them, but the bound?
less oin.res of the ocean aro poopled
with multitudes beyond number. Ou
numerous islands they have heaped up
mountains of guano, at times a hundred
feet thick, affording bods of compost of
incalculable value.
An American traveler givos a vivid
description of these immense collections
of sea fowl on Ailsa Craig, an island on
tho west of Scotland :
"Thc Steamer kept nearing tho giant
Craig, which was a baro rock from sum?
mit to sea (OOO feet high), and all of a
dull, ohalky whiteness, occasioned, as
the captain said, by tho excrement of
tho birds. We had got so near as to
iee the white birds flitting across the
black entrances of the caverns, like
birds about tho hive. With tho spy?
glass we could sec them distinctly, and
in very considerable numbers, and at
length approached so that we could see
them on the ledges all over the sides of
the mountain. We had pasncd the
skirt of the Craig, and wero within a
half milo, or less, of its base. With
thc glass wc could now see the entire
mountain side peopled with thc sea-fowl,
and could here their whimpering,
household cry as they moved about or
nestled in dom-'stio snugness ou the
ten thousand ledges. Tho air, too,
about the precipices seemed to be alive
with them. Still wc had not the
slightest conception^if their frightful
multitude. Wc got about against tho
centre of tho mountain, when thc swivel
was purposely fired. Tho shot went
point blank against it and struck thc
tremendous precipice as from top to bot?
tom, with a reverberation liko the dis ?
charge of a hundred cannon. And what
a sight followed I They roso up from
that mountain-tho countless myriads
and millions of seabirds-in a univer?
sal, oucrwhelming cloud that covered
the whole heavens, and their cry was
like the cry of an alarmed nation. Up
they went-millions upon millions
ascending like che smoko of a furnace
countless ns thc sands on thc sea-shore
-awful, dreadful for multitude, as ii
the whole mountain were dissolving
into lifo and light, and with an unearth?
ly kind of lament, took up their line
of march in every direction oft to sea !
thc sight startled the people on board
tho steamer, who had often witnessed
it before, and for some minutes there
was a general quietness. For our own
part, we wero quite amazed and over?
awed at the spectacle. We had socc
nothing like it ever bofore. We had
seen White Mountain Notches and Ni
agara Fulls in our own land, and thc
vastness of the wide and deep ocean
which was then separating us from it
Wc had seen something of art's magni?
ficence in the old world, 'it? oloud-oap
ped towers, its gorgeous palaces anc
solemn temples ;' but wo had neve)
witnessed sublimity to be compared t<
that rising of sea birds from Ailsa Craig
They were of countless varieties, in kine
and size, from the largest goose to th?
smallest marsh-bird, and of every con?
ceivable variety of dismal note. Of
they moved, in wild and alarmed route
liko a people going into oxile, iillim
tho air far and wide with their reproach?
ful lament at tho wanton cruelty tha
hat' broken them up and driven then
into captivity. Wo really felt romorsi
at it, and the thought might have oc?
curred to us, how easy it would havi
been for thom, if they had known tba
the little smoking speck that was labor
ing along the 6ea surface beneath thou
had been tho causo of their banishment
to have settled down upon it nm
ingulfed it out of their sight forovor I
"We felt astonished that wo ha
never bofero hoard of this wondorfu
haunt of sea fowl. It struck us rcall;
as one of 'tho wonders . >f the world
And not u> alone ; others, not all give
to tho marvelous, declared that i
surpassed every thing they had eve
bofore witnessed. We supposed th
mountain must have boen quito deserted
from tho myriads that hud flown away
but lifting the glass to it, as wo wor
leaving its border, we were appalled t
find it still aliyo with the myriads lol
behind." .
And this IB but ooo of hundreds, nay,
of thousands of rooky recesses along the
interminable boundaries of the ocean,
filled with myriads of sea fowl/ Nu?
merous islands among tho Hebrides :
others to the north-'the Shetlao d and
Orkneys; the high beetling oliffe of
North America, from- NOTA Scotia to
Greenland ; the Southern ooasts ol
Africa; the bleak, dizzy crags around
Cape Horn ; the lofty cliffs that hang
frowning over the sea on either side of
Bearing Strait-breasting the shook of
the Pacific that has sundered, and still
sunders the two continents; these, and
a multitude ot other wild, rooky ledges,
are, like Ailsa rook, the abodes of
millions upon millions of sea fowls,
geese of many kinds, ducks, flamingoes,
swans, guillemots, grebes, divers, puffins,
sheer-waters, turns, gulls, petrels,
cormorants, frigate birds, and pelicans.
And besides all this, there is no part
of the ocean, however distant from the
land, where som especies are not found; in
many plaoes, especially in high northern
latitudes, the taco of the waters is cov?
ered with them. What is loneliness and
desolation to man, is peace and abund?
ance to them.
DIRKS Cli li ST Ii It IIS G FOR WARMTH.
Through lofty groves the ring dov o roves,
The path of man to shan lt ;
The hazei busii o'erhangs the thrush;
Tho spreading thorn the linnet.
Thus every kind their pleasure find,
The savage and tho tender;
Some social join and leagues combine;
Some solitary wander.
It is curious to witness the assistance
whioh some animals will afford each
other under circumstances of danger or
difficulty, and it shows a kindness of'
disposition whioh may well be imitated.
It is not, however, confined to their
own species, as the following fact will
prove.
A farmer's boy had fed and taken
great care of a colt. He was working
one day in a field, and was attacked by a
bull. Tlic boy ran to a ditch, and got
into it just as the bull catno*up to bim.
The animal endeavored to gore him,
and would probably have succeeded, had
not the colt come to his assistance. He
not only kicked at the bull, but made
so loud a scream-for il oould be called
nothing oise-that some laborers who
were working near the plaoe came to
sec what was tho matter, and extricated
the boy from the danger he was in.
Cattle have boon seen, when flies were
troublesome, to stand side by side and
close together, the head of one at the
tail of tho other. By this mutual ar?
rangement flies were brushed off from
tho head of each animal as well as their
sides, and only two sides wero exposed
to tho attacks of the insects. Sheep
havo been known to tako care of a lamb
when the dam hus been rendered in?
capable of assisting it, and birds
will feed thc helpless young of othors.
Birds also will cluster together for
thc purpose of keeping each other warm.
Observers havo noticed swallows cluster?
ing, like bees when they havo swarmed,
io cold weather, hanging one upon anoth?
er, with their wings extended, under
thc caves of a houso. In more than
ono instance wrens were found huddled
together in some snug retreat for the
purpose of reciprocating warmth and
comfort. Allan Cunningham, a Scottish
author, made some interesting memoran?
da on this subject.
'?1 have onco or twice in my lifo had
an opportunity of answering that touch
ing inquiry of Burns,
'Ilk happing bird, wee, hapless thing,
That in tho morry months o'spring,
Delighted mo to hoar thee sing,
What comes o'thce?
Whore will thou cowor thy ohitl'ring wing
An' close thy ?j'e V
"Ono cold December night, with snow
in the air, when I was somo ten years
old or so, 1 was groping for sparrows
under the caves in the thaoh, where you
know they mako holes like those bored
by swallows in tho river-bunks. In one
of these bolos I gota handful of some?
thing soft ; it felt feathery and warm
and a smothered ohirp told me it was
living. I brought it, wondering, to my
father's house, and took a look at it in
tho light. The bali consisted of four
living wrens rolled together, the heads
under their wings, and their feet pulled
in, so that nothing was visible outside
save a coating of mottled feathers. This
I took to be their mode of keeping
themselves warm during tbo cola of
I winter. If you ask, if I am ?uro my
memory serves mo rightly, I answer,
Yes; for having allowed ono of tho
wrens to escape, it flew directly to where
my father was reading at a candle, and
1 had the misery of receiving from his
hand one of those whippings which
a boy is not likely soon to forget.
"When some eighteen years old, or
thereabouts, I met with something of
tho same kind : there was a difference,
indeed, in tho birds, for on this oocusion
they wero magpics-r-not birds of song,
but of noise. I went out with my bro
thcr, ono fine moonlight winter night,
to shoot wood pigoons in a neighboring
plantation. Tho wind was high, and
we expeotcd to find them in a sheltered
place, whero tho Boil was deep and the
spruco-firs had grown high. As I went
cowering along, looking through the
branches between mo and an moon,
I saw what seemed ns largo as a well
filled knapsack fixed on tho top of a
long, slender ash treo, whioh had strug
gled up in spite of tho firs, whioh you
know grow very rapidly. I pointed it
out to my brother, and sicr.ing the shaft
of tho tree, shook it violently, when il
ono magpie fell to tho ground th ero wen
not loss than twenty dropped in a luui[
at my leet. Away they flew, screaming
in all directions. Ono only romaine*
on the spot whioh they oooupied on th?
tree, and I shot it, and so settled wha
kind of birds had been huddled togoth
er to avoid tho oold. I lookod at then
before I shook them down for a minot
or more, and oould see neither heads no
feat : it seemed a bundle of old clout
or feathers,"
?OVK WM. THU DEAD. j
The grave ie the ordeal Ot true ?ff ec- I
tioo. It is there that the divine passion
of the soul manifests its superiority to
the instinctive impulse of mere animal
attachment. The latter must be con?
tinually refreshed and kept alive by the
presence of its object ; but the love
that is seated io the soul oao live' on
long rememberance. The mere incli?
nations of sense languish (and decline
with the charms which excited them,
and turn with disgust from, the dismal
preoinots of the tomb ; but it is thence
that truly spiritual afleoti?n rises puri?
fied from every sensual desire, and
returns, like a holy flame, to illumine
ind sanctify the heart of the surviv?
or.
The sorrow for the dead is the only ;
Borrow from whioh we refose to be di?
vorced. Every other wound we seek to
heal, every other affliction to forget ;
but this wound we consider it as a duty
io keep open,-this affliction we cher- i
?sh, and brood over in solitude. Where
is the mother who would willingly for- ,
get the infant that perished, like a ?
jlussom from her arms, though etery
recollection is a pang? Whore is the '
mild that would forget the most tender <
)f parents, though to remember be but j
,o lament ? Who even in the hoar of
igony, would forget the friend over |
ff hom ho mourns ? Who, even whonthe
:omb is closing upon the remains of her
ie most loved, when he feels his heart, as
t were, crushed in the closing of its por- ',
als, would aooept of the consolation 1
hat must be brought by forgetfulness ? '
!f o : the love whioh survives the tomb '
s one of the noblest attributes of soul. 1
[f it has its woes, it has likewise its de- 1
ights ; and, when the overwhelming
Hirst of grief is calmed into the gentle
tear of recollection, when the sudden j
tnguish and convulsive agony over the j
cresent ruins of all that we most loved,
ire softened away into pensive medita- '
don on all that it was in the days of its 1
oveliness, who would root out suoh a '
iorrow from the heart ? Though it may 1
ibmetimcs throw a passing oloud over 1
he brightest hours of gay o ty, or spread *
i deeper sadness over the hour of gloom, 1
/et who would oxchange it, even for '
he song of pleasure, or the burst of <
?ovelry ? No: there is a voice from <
he tomb sweeter than song. There is *
i remembrance of the dead to whioh '
ve turn, even from the eharms of the 1
iving. Oh, the gravo 1 the grave ! it 1
juries every error, covers every defeot, 1
ixtinguishes every resentment 1 From
ts peaceful bosom spring none but '
bnd regrets and tender recollections. 1
Who can look down upon tho grave, j
>veo of an enemy, and not feel a oom- '
mnotious throb, that he should ever 1
lave warred with the poor handful of '
>f earth that lies mouldering before
lim. I
Ay! goto the grave of buried love, 1
iud there meditate ; there settle the ac- 1
sount with thy conscience for every past '
mdcarment unregarded of that depart? 1
id being, who can never, never, never j
'eturn, to be soothed by thy contrition. ]
[f thou art a child, and hast ever add? J
id a sorrow to the soul, or a furrow to j
he silvered brow of an affectionate 1
tarent; ifthouarta husband and hast J
iver caused the fond bosum that ven- 1
ured its happiness in thy arms to doubt 1
ino moment of thy kindness, or thy ]
ruth ; if thou art a friend, and hast 1
iver wrongod in thought word or deed 1
die spirit that generously confided in '
lice ; if thou art a lovor, and hast ever 1
given one unmori ted pang to the true
lieart which now lies cold and still be?
neath thy feet ; then bo sure that
?very unkind look, every ungracious
word, every ungentle action, will come
thronging back upon thy memory, and
kuueking dolefully at thy soul ; then
be sure that thou wilt lie down sorrow?
ing and repentant on the grave, and
utter the un heard groan, and pour the
unavailing tear,-more deep, more
bitter, because unhoard aud unavail?
ing.
Thon weave thy chaplet of flowers,
ind strew tho beauties of nature about
the grave ; console thy broken spirit
if thou canst, with these tender yet
futile tribute of regret ; but take warn?
ing by the bitterness of this thy contrite
inaction over the doad, and honoeforth
[>o more faithful and affectionate iu the
lisohargo of thy duties to the living.
Irving.
CAUSES AND CURE OP 1MASRIA,
At the first meeting of tho Interna?
tional Medical Congress, reoooily held at
Florence, Prof. Lombard, of Geneva,
?bowed a scries of statistical maps to
illudlrato the rate of mortality in Aider
Mit countries, the lowest being in
Iceland; also the effects oj*malariawi?h
reference to difieren? seasons of the
pear. In marshy countries tho death
rate is highest in sumraer'olsowhore in
winter. In thc district of Massa Mari?
tima, the averago duration of life has
been lengthened by the draioago
operations from 10 or 12 to 18 or 21
years. At a later mooting Dr. Panta?
loon! returned to tho origin of miasma,
which ho attributed not only to the
direct action of tho mixture of salt and
fresh water, but to the resulting putre?
faction of plants. Ho recommends as
tho best antidote the planting of lofty
trees; and believes that drainage is
useless, and that it is botter to lay the
whole dist i int under water, or, where
practicable, to fill up the marsh by earth.
He has no faith in tho uso of quioklimo
ns a disinfectant. Prof. Cipriani regret?
ted the groat increase in tho cultivation
of rice under the law of I860. Prof. G.
Molli, of Milan, road a paper stating
that he had found tho sulphite salts of
soda and magnesia more efficacious in
marsh favors than preparations of bark.
Tho Congress approved the proposal for
appointing a speoial ooromission for
inquiry into the canses and effect? of
the marsh-miasma.
UraVB? FKOXk ?H, OBAU?
th* followiog letter from Chief
Justice Ohne (sej? tb? Riohnond
Dispatch) waa addressed io the Co?tait?
tse of Correspondence of the colored
people of Ciuoiauati, who, preparing for
their celebration of the adoption of the
fifteenth amendment, invited him to he
present.
The Chief Justice, in this rather
striking and concise epistle, while trno
to his opinions so long publioly
proclaimed, is equally faithful to his
broad and comprehensive platform of
universal amnesty. He eorreotly states
the nature of the fifteenth amendment
and the extent to whioh it a flo o ta the
laws of States. We may rely upon it,
that in every ease, in the South at least,
where, directly or by inferenoe, there is
sn abridgment of the privileges of the
voter sought to be established by the
amendment there will be Federal
interference. And that ts a thing we
should avoid by the frankest and
Blearest praotioal acknowledgment of the
Pull force of the amondmont.
But we only intended to introduce
the letter to the reader :
"WASHINGTON, March 80, 1870.
"Gentlemen -Aooept my thauks for
the invitation you have tondcrcd me,
in behalf of the colored people of
Cincinnati, to attend their celebration
A the ratification of the fifteenth
tmendinont. My duties here will not
permit me to be present except by good
trill and good wishes.
?Almost a quarter of ?a century ha*
passed sinoft Borne of you, probably,
heard me declare, on the 0th of May,
1845, in an assembly composed chiefly
of the people whom you now represent,
that all distinotioas between individuals
sf the same community founded on any
mah circumstances os oolor, origin, and
the like, are hostile to the genius of
lur institutions and incompatible with
the true theory of American liberty ;
that true democracy makes no inquiry
ibout the oolor of the skin, or the plaoe
>f nativity, or any other similor cir?
cumstance of condition j and that the
exclusion of the oolored people os a body
from the elective franchise is incom?
patible with true democratic princi?
ples/
"I congratulate you on the fact that
these principles, not then avowed by me
[or the first timo, nor ever sinoe aban
loned or compromised, have been at
length incorporated into the Constitution
md made part of the supreme law of the
land.
"Many, no doubt, would have been
glad, as I should have been, if the great
?vork consummated by tho ratification of
the fifteenth amendment oould have
been accomplished by the States through
imendment of State Constitutions and
through appropriate State legislation ;
but the delays and uncertainties, pre?
judicial to every interest, inseparable
from that mode of proceeding seemed to
necessitate the course aotuaily adopted.
Mor does the atnendraoot impair the
real rights of any State. It leaves' the
whole regulation of suffrage to the whole
people of each State, subjeot only to
the fundamental law, that the right of
no eitizen to vote shall bo denied or
ibriged on account of race, oolor or
previous condition of servitude. It is
to be hoped that each State will so con?
form its Constitution aid laws to this
fundamental law that no occasion moy
bs given to legislation by Congress.
"But tho best vindication of tho wis.
lom as well as justice of tho amendment
must be found in tho oonduot of that
large class of citizens whom you re
prcsont. On the ooonsion to whioh I
have referred I ventured to say that
the best wuy to ? usuro the peaceful
dwelling together of the different races
is the cordial reciprocation of bonefits,
oot the mutual iofliotion ol injuries;'
ind I cannot now givoyou better council
than I offered then : 'Go forward, having
perfect faith in your own manhood and
in Cod's providence, adding to your
faith, virtue ; and to virtue, knowledge ;
sind to knowledge, patience; and to pa
tienoe, tempor?neo ; and to temperance
brotherly kindness, aud to brotherly
kindness, charity.' *
"Why not signalize your rejoicing in
the rights seoured under the fifteenth
amendment by urging upon Congross
the prompt removal of the political dina
bilittes imposed upon our fellow citizens
by the fourteenth amendment? so thut
through universal suffrage and univorsa
amnesty, poaoo, good will, and prosperi
ty, may be established throughout our
oountiy.
"Every good mm must rejoice in the
progress which tho colored citizens of
the United Stu:cs havo made in educa
tion, in religious oulturo, and in th
general improvement of their condition
Every good mnn must earnestly desire
their continued sud accelerated progress
in tlie same direction. All publio an"
all private interests will be promoted by
it; and it will insure, at no distant day
cordial recognition of their rights evon
from those of their fellow?oitizens who
huve most earnestly opposed thom.
"No man oan now bo found wh
would restore slavery; a few years
hence, if the oolorod men are wiso, '
will bo impossible to find a mao who wi
avow himself in favor of denying or j
abridginpr their fight to vote.
"Very respectfully yours,
"8. P. CHASE.
1?
h.
In
- Oue of the hours each day wasted
on trifles or indolenoo, saved and daily
devoted to improvement, is enough to
make an ignorant man wise in ten yours
-to provide the luxury of intelligence
to a mind torpid from laok of thought
to brighton up and strengthen fa?nlties
with rust--to make life a fruitful field,
and death a harvester of glorious deeds
ownvm (tare?
?be Sumter'
m TH?,
Highest Styl? ^.??H
The youngest oft faintly rf*fM
lerited only . tom ott, whVwhjllM
nestor's Bsd ness, spoke kindly >y[fi
tod SM a rod him that he I 'lill jjWB
ilea ty for both of thom toi
castor would give him a draiil^j?
Pus? wa? provided with '?jmfK
iceded, and dressed .ais.^lf aa$VijH
I rabbit warren, where ha ^^^MM
tap with his saok and ?4^4tlMMBj
eaves. Ha hid himself behhi&jr<a|
nd io a short ilma ssbo'f?d-.ife?
Rabbits werta favorite diah wit||
inp;. Puss therefore presentad MpflH
efore him, saying,-"My maattf,^^S
Jarquis of Carabas, takes the? Nbtfj?HW
resenting to your majesty 'ttf|l?lv?
abbit" The kiag was pltMeVtwTOJfl
eut his complimente to the"Meirqs|?M
?arabas/' as guss called hit ?i^?wB
The Marquis wont into b?tfcjjwjm
ay, when puss hid bis mietetet tio^HK
nd aB the king's carriage octa?. ?MB
e called aloud for help, and. bia majejgg
rdered his servant to prQtltJa/$B
larouis with some Quo clothes ftamf?f
ayal wardrobe. M v l^S
Clothod in rojal apparel, the mftSjtj^nb
BB invited to rido with tho king. 3NR
jute homo waa over an estate wloj*|ft
ig lo en ogre and onohanter. '?$Eft
urried along in advance of i?kf -?Q#M!
-ain, and paid hia respects to the lot?
rtheoastlo-the ogre. i^II
Puss beoame friendly with the ''ajax
Kanter, and inquired if he really eo?UL
dango himself into an animal. TM
ire rcpliod by immediately obeoguw
trnsolf into a lion, at whioh ptMaV-lfm
luoh frightened. -,A^
Puss inquired if ho could ohantjt ip^
little animal, Buoh as a moose or aff^
i she was afraid of a lion. Tb^ **<
?antcr, without thinking, beotmi'.ft
tt, and puss devoured him at ones," '.
When tho king drove past the <Nunft
usa bogged them to "enter the Oes?
? the Marquis of Carabas." The WBw
jooptcd, and waa.so charmed withjJbJt.
aod qualities and riches of tho marcrj^aV
tat he gave him his daughter* Wm.
riooess, in marriage. >-.;v^^j
Puss having kept his promise to hts
aster, was highly honored for it, and
ves the life of a gentleman of leUcrty
ily hunitns rata and mice ?rhea !$
leasei his fancy. ' ; f'
ORIGIN OP GREAT MEW.
St. Andrew, apostle, was the POA
merman ; St. John was also the ax
fisherman ; Pope Sixtos V., was
?n of a swine herd,--?he was also <
r is to tie, of a doctor; BoooaoiO,
lerohant; Columbus, of a
imber; John Basth, of a flahe
iderot, of a cutler ; Cook, of a si
ampden, of a carpenter ; Talma,
ant ist; ?esner, of a bookit
alvador Rosa, of a surveyor; Euri
! a fruit woman ; Virgil of a
loraoe of a denizen ; Voltaire, of
)1 lee tor ; La moth e, of a hatter; ?
r, of a chandler; Masillon, of a turn
ftmerln.no. of a shepord ; Quinal
iker ; Rollin, of a cn tl or ; Mor*
i upholsterer ; Rousseau, of a \
iaker ; Sir Samuel Bowditch
lversmith ; Ben Johnson, of a I
hakspeare, of a bu tah er; Sir Th
awrenco of a custom bouse "t"
ollins, of a hatter; Gray, ot a n_.
cattle, of a laborer; Sir Ed
ugdon, of a barber; Thomas Mo?
swordraaker ; Rombrandt, of a ntl
enjamin Franklin, of a chandler ;
ardi?al Wools ey, of a butcher ; Nape? .
on, of a farmer; Lincoln, of a back
oodsraan. Jj
-H4?**-?- I
SI li Ii NT INFLUENCE, F \ %
If a sheet of paper on whioh ? key hat
sen laid, bo exposed for some miartttet
t the sunshine, and then instantan?^
t viewed in the dark, the key remor
faded spectre of the koy Will be ?
le. Lot thia paper bo laid aside
tany months whero nothing can
nb it, and then in darkness be l?!
plate of hot metal, the spetre
ey will appear. This is equally ttut %\
four mi ods. Every man we meet,
very booIMro read, every pio?uro o
indsoapo we seo, overy word or toot we'
car luavos its image on our brain.?* '.'
hose traces, whioh, under ordijD
ircumstanoes, aro invisible, nor er
ut.in tho in louse light of oerobrai excite-.*
tent start into prominence; just. t)t 'tkef^
peottal imago of the key started Into'
ight on tho application of heat. * II; Jlfest
ms with all the iufiuouoos to whioh Wt ^
re subjeoted.
- It ia not surprising that foreigners
coasioually fail t? catch a?i the deljioate ?'>}'
hades of moaning belonging to o(?r )
-ords, and some of their mistake*' are,
lughable. Of suoh a oharaoter wart the ?
araark of a Fret ch man, who, flnditg?<4
lint fermout meant to work, skia "h<* M
3vcd to fermout in the garden ;" and bfc,?
nothcr, who asked at a lawyer's offioe
ir a "Khali,'' meaning a will, Still
not her anid : "I lovo do . horse,
heep, do d<>g. do cat, in short, e
tiing that is bens'ly Shakspeare'e
Out brief canille," was traoaiftta^
rally by a Parisian author, 'KJe*-- ,
ou filtert candi? !" und tho expression^
With my sword I will oarve mr vwal?
o fortune." was rendered, "Wita , irJyr
word I will make my fortuno ti
ieat,"-one of the meanings \*f x?
cing "to cut meat."
--^, + .mm V<% ..
-Tho White Pine (Neted*), ,
NV HM of Maroh 14th was issued in
aid?t of a torrin? wind storm*?
inroofod tho of?oo, onmpelHnjjf all
o work unxholterod in the tHtfaf -,
3very man *tood to hi? poit'^'l
gallantly, and the piper oaint '
imo, if some .?frat, deficient jr*
..rr--"V
- If roo^rtHjlW ba pungent,
fer lt li'.*Hh ?o?dt a? wr
-the more thaf' 'aye
leeper they burn.

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