WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 4, 1870.
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
The Sumter Watchman
(ESTABLISHED IN 18AS.)
?VEKY WEDHE8DA? WOK rt I NO
AT SUMTER. 8. O.? BY
GILBERT & FLOWERS.
Ono year.?? JJ
Six montos. J W
Ihre? month.?. 1 ww
ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted at the rate
of ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS per
square fdr the first, ONB DOLLAR for the
second, and FIFTY CENTS for eaoh subsequent
Iniertlon, for any period les? tban three month?
OBIT ? A RI BS, TR 1B UT ES OF RESPECT
.nd all communication? which subaorre private
interests, will be paid tor a? advertisements.
\$m L M'KAGEN.
TUB ADVERTISER BEOS TO CALL AT?
TENTION TO Ul? STOCK OF THE BEST
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
PERFUMERY, SOAPS, TOILET POWDER
Puff Boxes and Puffs,
Shaving Cream and Brushes,
Tooth and Natl Brushes,
All at McRAO N'S.
PREPARED CAREFULLY AT ALL HOURS,
By I. A. McKAGEN
\[ BRANDY, OIN,
WHISKEY and WINES,
Sold at McKAOEN'S.
Nutmegs and Ponpor
At McKAOEN'S Drug Store.
I', H OS IN E OIL, Lamps, Burnors, Chimneys
Wicks. Ac, At McKAGEN^
LARGE and FRESII SUPPLY OF
_ For salo by McKAOEN.
MILLER'S ALMANAC for 1870
A FINE SEGAR
CAN BE IIA I)
Feb 16 At McKAOEN'S.
HAVING REMOVED to Corner of Main
and Republican Streets, and thoroughly
ruTiticd and renovated my Stock, I can offor to
my customers and tho pnblie genorally, as fino
AN ASSORTMENT OF WELL SELECTED
At> can to found in this market.
Comprising most of tho populnr
Philotokcn or Fcmnlo Friend,
Mystic or Fcmnlo Regulator,
Ayor's Cherry Pectoral,
Wl?lar's Bnlsam Wild Cherry,
Reinhold's Iv tract Buchu,
Simmons' Liver Invigorator,
Sandford'!) Liver Invigorator,
Hall's Hair H?nower,
Stafford's Olivo Tar for colds, coughs and
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup,
Russell's Soothing Cordial, without ano?
Holloway's, Van Deuton's and Hurley's |
Worm Candy, with all tho Vormifiiges.
A comptota assortment of
PERFUMERY. TOOTH BRUSHES AND
A dioico article of COLOGNE, of our own manu?
facturo, which wo can roll cheap-with all other |
articles which should bo found in a
Well Regulated Drug Store.
Jan 26-tf J. F. W. DF.LORME.
MEDICINES, CHEMICALS I
Toilet and Fancy Articles.
A. ANDERSON & CO..
Apothecaries and Chemists,
SUMTER, S. C.
Aro roceiving constantly a full supply of Pure |
Drugs and Chemisais, and a woll solootod stool
of Fancy Artiolos and Perfumery.
A groat variety of Toilot Soaps,
Extracts for tho Handkerchief,
. F? ?/> Colognes, Foreign and Domestic,
Surgical Instruments, Trusser, Ac.
All Medicines warranted genuine and of tho
very host quality.
PHYSICIAN'S PRESCRIPTIONS, Carefully
compounded night or day. To be found at night
at tho residence of Mr. Anderson on Main St.
A. ANDISHSOIf, - A. J. CHINA, RI. 1?
Jan 6 _
NAVASSA GUANO COMPANY
WILMINGTON, NO. CA.
INCORPORATED AUOUST, 1809.
Navassa Guano, Sulphur,
NITRATE OF SODA, kc. *
" AN C I'A OTU ll I ; IIB OP
Sulphuric and Muriatic Acids,
And of tho Patented
FOR SALE BY '
A. A. SOLOMONS,
Agent for Sumter County;
PIC ACH TRI MANURE
The Original autl Genuine Article.
Prepared under tue Format* of Dr. DAVID]
ST K w A KT, Chemist, and secured by Letters Put-1
ent by us for the Patentee.
Phosphates and Potash,
The FOOD which forms the mineral part of the
plant, and that is removed from the
soil with overy crop.
PARTICULARLY ADAPTED TO
HORTICULTURE, FRUIT TREES, CORN)
THE EXTERMINATOR OF
Rust, Spores and Insects
Diseased Peach Trees,
With yellow loaves, under its influeuce, produco j
a dark green follago in a fow weeks.
Put up in New Barrels.
PRICE, $40,00 PER TON.
. Liboxal deduction made to deniers.
We annox the following certificates taken from j
many recoived by us :
SUNNY SIDE, Anno Arundel co., Md., )
March 10th, 1870. J
Menura. rVtn. Crichton <t* .Voil-Gentlemen :
nsed the Porsioator on my Peach Trees last spring
with much satisfaction. Many of my ireos are
six years old, were diseased from th o WORM,
the loaves wore yellow .and sickly. I applied a
small .shovel I ul of tho P?rsica tor around tho baso
of URO h tree. In a few weeks thoy produced
rich green foliage, and bore a (ino crop. I am I
satisfied that this manuro completely destroyed!
the worm, invigorated tho trees and the growth of j
RICHMOND, VA., Fob. 9th, 1870.
Megara. Wm. Crichton ?t* Son, Baltimore-11
usod tho PKRSICATOR on a piece of very poor
land to give tho CORN a start, and drilled it in j
at tho rato of 60 lhs. rKU ACRE, at tho .-?st of ono |
dollar. On this lot I never had been nblo to se?
cure a "eland" by roason of tho ''CUT WORM," al?
though I tried suit in various ways.
On thc rows to which I applied tho "PERSI
.CATOR," tho corn cumo up "tn a hill" promptly I
and grew off lind;. On tho remaining rows, not
moro than ono-third of thu plants escaped tho |
worm, and thoso that did, woro puny in appear?
If further trials on lnnds infested with "Cull
Worms" shnll result in securing a "STAND" libo |
the one referred to, I should consider it an ex*
tremely valuable, and tbo cheapest remedy,
which could bo used.
S. BASSETT FRENCH,
Editor Farmers' Gazette.
PRESTON. Caraline Co., Md., Fob. 18th, 1870.
I applied the PKRSICATOR to SonauUM, alter?
nating with a fertilizer costing $56 per ton in I
equal quantities. Tho growth of tho "CASK"
? boro tho PBRBICATOR was applied, was very su?
portar and equal to any manured with tho moro j
H. F. WILLIS.
FOR SALE BY
Wm. Crichton & Son,
SOLE M A N U V ACT U R ERS,
For salo by
Green, Watson & Walsh, Agents,|
Aprl C-lm]_SUMTER, S. C.
C. 1\ MASON.
S?MTER, S. C.
nas just received and keeps always OH hand
Now and Beaut ifni Styles of
JEWELRY, EYEGLASSES, &C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY RE
PAIRED WITH DISPATCH.
O. F. HOYT.
"Y^"OULD rospcclfully inform bis frlonds
and tho public of Surator, and adjoining counties,
that ho has recently recoived a dioico selco
LADIES' AND OENTLEMENS'
SPECTACLES, &c, &c,
His stook embraces all 'tho latest stylos, and
will bo sold at rcasonnblo rates.
P. P. TOALE,
CHARLESTON. S. 0.
t Largest ?nd most oompleto "\
??u? J Manufactory of Doors, Sashes, ! ~.s. ,n
1 Blinds, Mouldings, Ac., in tho f ****
V. Southern States. )
Printed Pri?e List Defies Competition.n?-^
Jttfr* 8end for one ls?,
#9* Sent Free on Application, -ma
April t ij
PAUL. THE ORATOR.
BT ?ON J. M0nR!80K HABRI8, B ALTIKOHB.
The court of highest authority among
the Jews had closed a stormy and tu?
multuous session, nod the seventy mem?
bers of the Sanhedrim, fierce with anger
and hurrying to inflict vengeance, pour?
ed forth from the hall Gazith.
The type of religious enthusiasm
they represented had just been defiantly
confronted by a spirit of more exalted
faith than their own ; and although for
thc moment, by a mockery of justice
and tho clamor of suborhed witnesses,
they had passod upon the proto-iuartyr
Stephen a scntenoe they had long before
lost the power to inflict, their action,
instead of dosing, only inaugurated the
groat conflict between the opposing
systems represented by themselves and
Foremost among them, as they were
merged in the vengeful multitude that
crowded the outer court of the
Temple awaiting the issue of the trial,
was Saul of Tarsus, himself an Elder,
and a member of the Sanhedrim. His
voice had confirmed thc sentence, and
his impatience for its execution added
fresh impulse to the ferocity of the mob
as with wild outcries and curses it swept
through the Damascus gate towards the
rooky edges of tho ravine of Jehosha?
phat. In tho terrible tragedy that en?
sued, he was a conspicuous actor ; and
while none regarded its progress with
more complacent conviction of its per?
fect propriety and justice, none exceed?
ed him in the savage delight with which
he assisted in its details. Thc stricken
and bleeding victim represented to him
au abhorred seot anda blasphemous pre?
tension, for which his remedy was ex?
tirpation. Hud he lived later in the cen?
turies, Torquemada would have embrao
cd him as a brother, aud the Inquisition
honored him as a saint.
In the first flush of manhood, his
ardent temperament and strong passions
were fully enlisted in the work. This
wns his first victim ; but he rapidly
added to the list. Swift vengeful
and unscrupulous, he hunted the objects
of his wrath from refuge to refuge, with
au eagerness and success that quickly
gave him recognized pre-eminence in the
haughty sect to which he belonged. Into
thc sanctuary of happy homes buist with
his myrmidons, and with bitter mockery
and scourging he hurried their unhappy
inmates to imprisonment and death.
Woman, even, was not secure from hu
cruelty, for he had respect neither to
age nor sex. And to the ferocity of
persecution he added the meanness of
degrading and unworthy insult ; for he
strove to compel his helpless victims to
blaspheme the Holy Ono they adored.
His very name became a terror, and
men fled before him as from a raving
beast ; for tho unrelenting ardor
of a merciless bigotry possessed him
And all this wus consistent with thc
d?minant traits of his character. Not
in vain, before hi/, infancy, had walked
iu broad phylacteries a father of tho
straightest sect. Not in vain hud ho
becu nurtured in its strictest
faith. Trained in thc mo?t emin cut
sclnols of Tarsus, and Jerusalem-at
which latter city he had been resident
for seventeen years,-ho studied in the
school of Hillel, under tho celebrated
Gamaliel, famous alike for his profound
knowledge of the Jewish law and his
intimate acquaintance with general
literature. Under such teaching, he
became imbued with a thorough knowl?
edge of the mysteries and refinements
of his peculiar faith, the traditions of
thc fathers, thc muster pieces of Greek
literature, and acquired that singular
skill in dialectics characteristic of thc
school to which he balongcd. He
combined in himself thc qualities that
indicated future greatness and when
thc term ot his study was completed,
there was hardly his equal to bo found
in Jerusalem for knowledge of tho law
and general erudition, while in compli?
ance with custom among his people,
he was practical master of a mechani?
Ho was thoroughly in earnest in what
ho believed ; desperately in earnest in
what he did. He was just what birth,
education, and surroundings had made
him, and with concentrated energy he
plunged into tho career they indicated
as his appropriate sphere. Rapidly ho
won tho honors such 'natures always
compel. Well born and affluent, cele?
brated for his learning and accomplish?
ments, moving in thc highest ranks of
a cultivated und polished society, clo
quent in speech und resolute in action,
ho speedily gained high position and
influence, ard his ambitious spirit
! might have well anticipated its fullest
gratification in thc brilliant futuro that
seemed to be expanding before him.
Over the threshold of a far different
career ho passod from Jerusalem, clothed
with thc confidence of his peers and thc
authority of thc Sanhodrim, to scourge,
persecute, and imprison at his own will j
and immediately there gathered around
him thc circumstances from which was
evolved the new character wc propose to
"See Naples, and then die," say thc
dwellers in that fair city that rises in
surpassing loveliness from tho blue
margin of tho Mediterranean Sea. Seo
Damascus, and th Oil die, with yet greater
forco might havo said the Oriental,
whose vision drank in tho wonderful
loveliness ofthat queon city of thc East.
So felt Mahomet, when centuries ago ho
checked his camels on tho heights of
Salahiych enraptured with its boauty,
and exclaiming, "Man cnn havo but ono
Paradise, and mine is fixed on high I"
turned away from tho allurements of Its
Tho oldest oi ty of the world, tradition
held that from ita puro earth tho Father
of our ruco waa formed, and that it was
the I0OOO of th? fratricide of Cain. Ita
ihtue begins with the earliest patriarchs, i
'Founded before Baalbeo or Palmyra, it I
still?remains a vision of delight, while
those proud oities of the plain, with
Tyro and Babylon and many a capital
besides, have orumbled into ruin. In it
David posted garrisons, and from it the
son of Eliadah hurled his defiance against
Solomon. Ezekiel turned aside from
the fiery burden of prophecy to celebrate
its greatness. Alexander seized it in;hls
campaign against Tyre. Maro Antony
turned from its gates the torrent of
successful war, and Cleopatra revelled
there in dissolute indulgenoo. Pompey
poured against it his victorious legions.
Tho Ommiad Caliphs made it the contre
of the Mohammedan world. Tamerlane
aud Saladin, in turn, won and occupied
it ; and through continuous centuries
"Tho Beautiful City," "Tho Eye of the
East," "The Predestined Capital," has
continued the cynosure of historic in?
terest, and an obj oot of unfading re?
When the eavalcado of Saul reached
tho heights of Anti Libanus, wo may
easily imagine that all angry emotions
were for tho moment subdued by the
splendor of the vision that burst upon
him. On ono side towered high the
snowy peaks of Hermon. Behind, naked
and sterile, rose the rough masses of
thc mountain range. Far before him
stretched the wide plain, tho long, bore
reach of the desert, marked by the high?
way to Palmyra and Bagdad. Beneath
him, from out the green fringing of the
mountain's base, sprang tho "Uiver of
Gold," the pride and glory of tho lo.vely
city. Bursting from rocky clefts, its
magical flow summoned into life and
verdure a vegetation more prolific than
that of tho wonder-working Nile,-and
which curtaiued with greenness, and
beauty tho rushing volume of tho crystal
waters. In the very heart of the hot
and sandy desert, its branching channels
created an oasis of luxuriant fertility,
in whose midst-into the air, musical
with tho perpetual play of sparkling
fountains, tho low drip of tho Syrian
water wheels, tho murmur of unseen
rivulets, and thc rush of tho river's
current-rose and spread (white^and
gleaming in tho fold of fairy-like gar?
dens) tho walls and roofs of thc famous
city, with many a dome and turret
glittering in the hot splendor of tho
Oriental noon I
For thirty miles around spread a
wilderness of gardens. Beyond these
burned the yellow sands of tl* desert,
and roso against the horizon tho bare
hills, and stretched sterile and naked
tho wide sweep of tho repulsive plain.
Within thc charmed enclosure, all was
luxuriant fertility and perennial beauty.
Great fields of waving grain contrasted
with groves of shining olives. Over tho
emerald grasses burst into ripeness thc
purple fig, and opened thc scarlet lips of
thc pomegranate. Besides thc stately
walnut drooped the ladap branches of
tho apricot and plum ; while from tangled
shrubberies und spreading gardens tho
perfume of countless flowers filled tho
air with rare and delicate odors. Through
wide and shaded avenues swept long
trains of burdened camels, lines of mules
and asses laden with costly stuffs, crowds
of Syrian peasants, and troops of swart
and scowling Arabs.
"A thing of beauty and a joy forever,"
claiming in all ages thc rapt admiration
of thc traveler, kindling into fervor tho
fires of fancy, and filling to satiety thc
sense of loveliness ; so looked Damascus
to the eye of Saul,-when suddenly a
light above tho brightness of the noon?
day burst all around him, and thc arres?
ted pulses of his being paused at their
Maker's voico, only to leap again into
diviner action, and flow in purer cur?
rents, in thc new life born of tho Miracle
that checked and changed them.
Sharp, sudden, and radical was thc
revulsion in tho spirit and purposes of
the Jew of Tarsus. In tho solemnity
and solitude of the desert, human con?
templation and superhuman teaching
had calmed the turbulent emotions of
his soul, and swept the scales from his
spiritual vision. Brief was tho pause.
His was no meditative nature, prono to
brood and doubt and hesitate. Tho
thoroughness of his new convictions
aroused all nis energies, and tho man of
action sprang at once into thc arena, to
defy its dangers and to do its work.
Tho circumstances demanded a perfect
faith and a sublimo oourago ; aud from
thc hard exigencies of tho case, a less
lofty nature would have shrunk appalled.
Tho spoiled favorito of Jerusalem
shorn of power and stripped of prestige;
with no attendant band to cxecuto his
will, and no voices of acclamation to
greet his advent; decorated with tho
hatred of his old, and chilled by the
distrust of his new associates-returned
to Damascus, not to persecute others,
but to bo persecuted himself. How vast
must have been tho amazement ot his
Jewish brcthcrii, when his slight form
first roso in their crowded synagogues,
and his coercive eloquence enforced thc
hated doctrines ho had striven so bitterly
to crush! How overwhelming their
confusion, as with unanswerable proof?
drawn from their own law, with clearest
illustrations from their prophets, with
tho learning of their greatest schools,
tho young and fiery orator, girt with thc
honors of their proud Sanhedrim, and
fresh from thc feet of Gamaliel, hurled
against the venerated fabric of theil
antique faith thc crashing thunder bolt.'
of his denunciation, argument, and
Chosen doctors and loamed rabbis
aud venerable masters in Israel, roso in
vain to answer his cogent reasoning anc
rcpol tho fervor of his assaults. Op?
ponent after opponent went down bcfor<
him, while tho edifico of tho Mosa'n
policy shook to tts foundations, ant
trembled through all its buttresses o
pride, under tho fierce onslaughts of iti
new and powerful antagonist. Argo
mont failing, they tried ourses. Tho;
excommunicated thia "Hebrew of tin
Hebrews," and drove him out of their
synagogues. Un terrified by anathemas,
his speech waxed bolder. Larger grow
the number of his converts,- and wider
spread tho waves of his influence. Tbej
resorted to the lash and the dungeon.
With greater vehemence ho urged his
assaults ; and then his desperato enemies
displaying the same blindness he had
himself shown in the oase of Stephen,
and thinking to kill the prinoiplo with
the mau, plotted to murder him. He
escaped with his life; but he left his
pride behind him. "With a troop in
the blaze of noonday," he came ; l o left
at midnight-in a basket I Pitiful exit 1
And surely ii nothing else had enforced
the lesson of humility, the sting of this
eontrast and that rotrogade journey to
Jerusalem-each step suggestive of so
many emotions and memories, and that
unnoted entry into the Holy City of the
wayworn and friendless man, whoso full
heart kneV its own bitterness-was
enough to emphasize the lesson never
forgotten in his after-life.
A FIGHTING EDITOR.
Tho proprietors of the Boston
Saturday Evening Express have recently
engaged the services, as a permanent
fixture of their establiahmens, of a fight
iog editor. They thus announce the
.We have the sublimo pleasure to
anoounce to tho deputy State constables
and all others interested, that wo have
engaged, at an immense salary, one of
tho indcsponsablo adjuncts to an inde
pendent newspaper establishment, to
wit-a fighting editor. This ' course
has boon taken by us in order that wo
may have an equal show with all
belligerents who desire to get proper
satisfaction for anything wo may say.
The gentlemen engaged for this purpose
informs us that ho hus been io the busi?
ness for some fifteen years, aud that he
is fully competent to attend to all the
duties required of him. As a recom?
mendation, he informs "us that during
his career as a fighting editor of vari?
ous newspapers, ho has succeeded in
biting off soaie sixteen noses and twenty
ears, and gouged out nearly forty eyes
having them now all nicely preserved
in a glass bottle ?which ho is willing to
exhibit to any who desiro it. He also
informs us that besides being a good
Liter, he has broken several artus and
logs of his numerous antagonists. Ho
has also killed six men by throwing
them out of tho editorial wintlow, and
broken three spinal columns by kuoc'k
ing tho owner thereof iowa several
flight o? stairs. He is an infidel, has
no fours of n hereafter.
.Aggrieved parties who desire a
set tie ment tire hereby notified to apply
to him ut our oflioe at any titno, und
they will bo accommodated. Our
associai o is n little over seven feet
high; his ago is thirty five, o nd ho
weighs one hundred and sixty pounds.
Ho lives on raw beef exclusively, nnd ho
is never? fed enough at ono timo to
take away his appetite for more. Ho
was born in fighting hollow,Gougo Coun?
ty, Arkansas, and uover had a brother.
Mle proposes to conduct his depart
tnent on the barber's plan : first come
first served. Ul orders will bc.prorapt.
ly executed, and gcutlemcn cnn examine
a Map of MounL Auburn Cemetery while
waiting for their turn. Slate Constables
served first, suckers next, after which
indignant members of thc dramatic
profession will bo attended to. Wea?
pons constantly on hand, for which there
will be no charge. He will not undcr
tuke to givo explanations after thc first
interview, for thc reason that they will
not bc required. Lost noses, ears, &c,
will bo properly labeled and put care?
fully away for futuro refcroncc of
friends. Dead bodies properly buried
at relatives' expenses.
.His department is olegnntly and sub
stantially fitted up, and is now open for
business, both wholesale and retail.
.P. S. When not fully engaged at
our office, 'contracts can bc made with
him for any other newspaper that may
A CHILD POISONED.
An interesting littlo girl, aged about
eighteen months, tho daughter of Dr.
W. G. Philips, residing near tho Agunta
Arsenal, where he has but recently locv
cated, wo regret to learn was fatally
poisoned yesterday morning, about 10
o'olock, from sucking tho bloom of tba
yollow jnssnmino. Under thc alarming
symptous exhibited by the littlo suf?
ferer. Dr. P. summoned the aid of tho
scrgcon nt tho arsenal, who adminis?
tered every remedy known, to tho pro?
fession, but without avail, ns the littlo
ohild died about midday. Parents
should accept this sad warning of tho
danger ol allowing their children to
have access to a poisonous jnssunnne,
weich arc in such profusion at this
HOW A SIC II KN.\ DR KN DUD.
A fow evenings since, when thc stars
blossomed on thc canopy and tho chaste
young moon hung on "tho horizon's
verge," and all thc air was redolent with
the young perfumo of spring flowers, a
party of our gallant and suscoptibl?
iou tin went to serenade a fair young
canty. From beneath tho window
where there lovo was supposed to lie
dreaming, they poured forth their
dulcet strains. After vising to tho
richest and fullest mcalody, tho ruusto
toned down to tho tenderest and sweet?
est notes of lovo, that tremble upon tho
night air soft as the dream of an angel.
Tho uppor window was slowly raised
and tho dainty curtains drawn aside,
.Say look herc,' saiil ono of Africa's
sable daughters, 'Misais ain't hero, but
please play do mookin' burd fur me,
I won't yo r
' . Tho 'MusiokorV subsided.
BXP?liSttlOlf OF cotons.
There is a language of oolors. They
speak to the eje as strains of masio to
the ear, and produoe in us peouliar trains
of ideas and sentiments. A witty French?
man says, that he noticed quite a change
in his wife's conversation when he fur?
nished her rooms in crimson in the
place of blua. We will briefly mention
what effect is exerted on the mind by
eaoh of the primary and secondary col?
ors,-blue, red, yellow, orange, purple
Blue is a eold and retiring color, and
its effoct upon the mind is of a quiet,
soothing yet attraotive nature. Goethe
remarks : "As the high beavens, the
far off mountains, look to us blue, so a
blue superficies seems to reoede from
us. As we would fain pursue an attraot?
ive objeet that flees from us, so we like
to gazo at the blue-not that it urges
itself upon us, but that it draws after
it." It is symbolical of divinity, intel?
ligence, sincerity, and tenderness.
Long Pity, lot the nations view
Thy sky-worn robe? of tenderest lino.-COLLINS.
In accordance with the laws ot con?
trast, blue \i most suitable for summer
costume, being peouliarly a winter
color, and by nature cold and retiring.
lied is a strong, ostentatious, and warm
color ; and being so beyond every
other, it is thcrcforo the fit symbol of
war, pomp, and power.
While Mars, descending from hts crimson car,
Fans with norco hands tho kindling flames of
Thou scarlet sin, robbod this bewailing land
Of noblo Buckingham-SHAKESPEARE.
From ?ts hot and fiery nature, it is
espressivo of anger and tho ardent pas?
Spreads tho rod rod of angry pestilence.
Celestial rosy rod, Love's proper hue.-MILTON*
Of all colors, red and its modified hues
aro most suitable for winter oostume.
Tho warm pleasing effect of a soar
let cloak on a cold wintor day is well
Yellow is the color nearest approach?
ing to light, and is most advanoing and
brilliant, cither alone or in connection
with other colors. As a rule, positive
yellow should be sparingly used in
dress, preference being given to its
modified hues, such as gold color, maize
and primrose. Yellow is tho common
symbol of envy and other malignant
passions. Shakespeare, alluding to
jealousy says :
"I will possess him with yollownoss."
Tho effect of yellow upon the mind is
of a bright, gay, gladdening nature,
owing to its likeness to light both natu?
ral and artificial. Yellow is sometimes
employed to express the richness of
autumn, aud also tho season itself,
although deeper and richer oolors
are more suitable, as russets and
In dress, yellow is most suitable for
spring and carly summer.
Orange is a warm, prominent color,
and both in nature and art appears to
the best advantage when in small
quantities, and associated with its
contrasting colors, blue and purple.
Orange is the medium color botweon
red and yellow, being produced by a
union of both, and is similar to thom in
its properties and expression.
In dress orange is most suitable for
winter or very early spring.
Purple is the mose retiring of all
rich colors. It is composed of red and
blue, but is not their medium color,
being heavier in its effect than the
latter. Purple is symbolical of dignity
state, and regal power ; it is a color
frequently adopted for mourning, aud
is expressive of gravity, sorrow aud sad?
Purple is suitable for winter, spring,
and autumn costume.
Green is a cool, calm, and refreshing
color, lt is composed of blue and ycl
low, and holds a medium station be?
tween them. To the human eye there
is no color so grateful as green, it being
a temperate, and retiring, as well
as ;i most beautiful and cheerful col?
Green is tho peculiar garb of spring.
Nature displays it at that scacon alono
in freshness and vigor. It is the sym?
bol of youth, mirth, hope, gludnosss,
tenderness, and prosperity.
While virgin Spring, by IM o n's flood.
Unfolds her tender mantle greon.- IiunNS.
Green is tho most suitable for late
summer or autumn costume, being fresh
and grateful at a season when nature
arrays herself in bright and buruing
tfiPDr W. W. Hall, tho publisher
of Mall's Journal of Health, in his re?
cently published work on "Health and
Good Living," has the following on the
physical benefits of keeping Lent strict?
ly, without tho dispensation usually
"If all persons for n mon I h in early
spring were to abstain from nil meats
whatsoever, as the spirit of the doctrine
of Lent requires, it would add greatly
to thu health of Communities, by enabling
thc system to throw off tho impurities of
thc hotly acquired by thc hearty eating
of winter, would cool off tho heated
blood and thus destroy tho germs ol
ofsptlng and Summer disease ; and thus
it is that tho proper practico of the
precept? of religion promotes not only
thc spiritual but the physical health ol
man. Th080 are simple measures ; they
aro practicable, coat no money, and art
available to all; and if heeled in c
rational manner, death would ho kepi
from many a dwelling and lifo time
sorrows would bo lightened .to man}
-?An Irishman called nt tho oflico ol
the Dooorah (Iowa) Democrat and asker!
what they qharged a hundred for "cow
"billa." "Two dollars" was tho roply
-.Thon," said Pat, lay i nu down a ton?
001?rplanter, "givo mo five of thiui."
. y *V C*1!' ' X ' V ''. '? V?, . . . $
ANTIQUITY Ol' ?ANl?l TRll UNI- '
Col. Chu. Whittlesea has ob tai o od
evidence of the existeooe of two races
of mao, ?od possibly of a third inter?
mediate raee, ns having held possession
of the Northern portion of the American
continent-the more reoent of them be*
ing the North American Indian or red
men ; the earlier raoe he terms the
mound-builders. The antiquaries of
Europe regard the people who used
flint instruments as being prior to those
who had implements of stono; and the
latter, again, as older than the racet*
using bronto or other metals. Io the
United States, the raoe next prior to
the white man had very few implements
of stone ; their knives and arrow iioads,
their war impclments and their Agricul?
tural tools, were almost of flint ; they
had very few nod rude instruments of
native eopper. The mound builders,
on the contrary, who proceeded thc red
men, produced and used tools ia tho
reverse order : their axes, adzes, nod
mauls were very numerous, and some?
times of stono ; their copper tools abun?
dant ; but those of flint very rare.
Hence, in this instanoo, the most an?
cient people were the most industrious :
they eultivatod the soil ; they possessed
moro mechanical ingenuity, and left
more prominent and permananl monu?
ments. On the Atlantic coast, From
Nova Scotia to Florida, aro numerous
sholl heaps, identical with those of
Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, and
known as kjcokkenmooddings. Thc ex?
amination of several caves gave bones
of the wolf, deer, bear, rabbit, etc.,
mixed with skulls of the red race, and
not dating back apparently more than
2000 years. Coi. Whittlesey estimates
2000 years as the period also of oc?
cupation by the mound building race,
which doon not take us back as fur as
tho beginning of the historical period
in Asia and Africa.
Next to tho good heart and clear con
science, is the clear head. Dull thinkers
are always led by sharp ones. Thc keen
intellect outs its way smoothly, grace?
fully, rapidly ; the dull one wears its
life out against the simplest problems.
To perceive accurately and to think
correctly, is thc aim of all mental train?
ing, and-I had almost said-of life
itself. But I will not say that. Heart
and conscience arc more than the mere
intellect. Yet we cannot tell how much
tho clear, clean-cut thought, tho in?
tellectual vision, sharp and true, may
aid even these. Some say that a man
never feels till he sccs, and when the
object disappears the feeling ceases.
So wc cannot exaggerate the impor?
tance of clear, correct thinking. We
should cat, drink, sleep, walk, excroise
body and mind, to this end. Just so far
as we fail', we make dolts and idiots of
ourselves. We cast away our natural
armor and defense. The designing make
us dupes ; wc aro overreached by the
crafty, and trodden under foot by thc
strong. Very likely there is a low
murmur of conscience, too, for falling
below its pure ideal. This adds a sharp
sting to the shamo of conscious dull
A man's great power in tho natural
world, among Nature's forces, water,
steam and lightning, is not in his mus?
cles, bul in his brain. Any horse can
pull harder, lift moro, and enduro longer
than thc most perfcotly developed mau.
Buta single human brain can control a
nation of horses, It is for u?, then, to
look out for this. If we would eh aro
what has not only given Napoleons,
Cresars and -Alexanders their power,
but tho great conquerors of natural
forces as well-the Fultons and the
Morses-let us look out for the brain,
sec that late suppers and indigestion do
not rob it of vitality, that alcohol docs
not harden it, nor want of sleep goad it
on to insanity ; but that moral, honest
ticing may render it tho clear, strong,
glorious thing it may becomo.
TIIIC JURY LAW.
The Chester ' Reporter % in comment inf
upon the trouble existing in that county
as to thc time of holding Court-thc
Legislature having passed two acts or
the same dny providing for difieren
periods-takes occasion lo draw at
ten ti on to tho jury, in tho fol lo wi nj
Under tho law as it. existed last year
juries wero tnndc np of jurors drawn b;
the select ment, of the different townships
The lato General Assembly repealed thi
township law and of course wiped al
tho township officers out of existence
It failed to make any other providion
for tho drawing of juries So that
even if (he timo for folding tho Cour
were fixed, wo see no means by whiol
petit juries can bo organized. Abott
tho Grand Jury there is no difficulty
as thc persons drawn to serve in th
capacity at thc January Tenn, aro re
quired by law to serve twelve month
All this trouble and bother "arise
from tho Stupidity and blundering care
Icsncss that preside over tho Legisla
tivo and Exccu'.iv? Department? of titi
Government. Let ut all pull togcthc
this year, no J reform tho whole concert
Dr. Botid thus touches u pcculiarit
of the negro rnoo :
"But as yet negroes ahow no passio
for work among negroes. Their phil
nnthropy inevitably takes a tai)ff*th
direction towards whilo society. Unlik
Moses, who abandoned tho cultivate
Egyptians to devote hin educated talen
to his own rude people, tho educate
Amerioan negro finds in his educatic
only a claim for separation from h
raoe and presumption of nearer rut
tion to ours. As sojn as a negro bi
comes a physician ho. wants to doott
i white people, to associate, with whi
doctors, to be dn-negrocd by his dlpi
-IN TBB TT*
Highest Style 0?
mit JPsBBM <k>?lrjl
Timo IOU BAMOAt
We clip the following. *rtfo&*Kfi|
tho nation of March tho 81*V *' WH
cal paper published in New ?ToYk^^^
The no called anti lUdloel ?dftfflip?
South Caroliua have pet a Pr<>f*$M?fl
which many of us \ui\y live to ".'Ir'f^^S
erally followed, by assembling ' io- "'?^^[
fere noe ?o decide upon the lftf?r?|$
political policy which ?hey shall'
in urging upon the votera ot the
Hitherto, tho ''Coiiservative'Vp?^flMyK^
South Caroliua have not boon t.r^?t??HTO|
with entirely accordant, voice? j TnVtj?*
feat as it hos boen for some years 'jfowffi
negro absolutely mast be wade fti^.WgwR
there was still left, here and thor#^g&
bitter negro bater who counselled^.^iti^i^
wuv to thc ond-"a square fight on V WffiraH
man's platform"-until, per adv?r^?tmSj
a national sucoss for the Doinocfj^ic3|
party should give the ''ConsofTa^i^ey^H
n chance to wake over their r.tee^?^g
stiucted State. In the conferehit?w
however, moro politic viows Pro*lji<TOra
and ibo platform udnpted ia all
anybody has any right to ask for../^Ij^Hsj
attendance of editors, though ougje^W$
cally small, is said to have represent**!^
the feelings ami opinions of noarly "W^i
the counties iu tho Stato. Thny bet?p^
hy passing a resolution to the %fRpfc?*j?
thuL "tho conference recognised^ tb??$S
legal right of all the citizens, white-, 9tT^
colored, to suffrage,' and proceeded tiji.^3
pass another to tho effect that thero^$
ought to be uno limitation of the i^gl?^'f
to hold office except such limitations a|
aro imposed by personal oharaot?r andV;^
fitness." A convention is to be. lipid .?
which organise a party pledged to thea^ifl
dogmas and noting io the hopo of get* s,..i
ting a government which shall au^T^ :?i
"some degree of security, prosperity:.Oj
and good government." . These.-jp$*M^
cccdings seem promising, "and we \'At?^
uot disinclined to believe that they ate ?j
taken.in good faith. South Carolin*
events havo logio, whether or not ther?^j
is much sense and logio in tho. Sp?ttt?^r
Carolina Democrats, and how other. ^
conclusions could have been reached
is not easy to soe. Yet, in the sanie
paper which gives us an aocount o? thli^
sensible conference, wo find set forth a ^
scheme, looking towards immigration ?
which would seem to show that the ,
average South Carolina landowner can* J;
not rid himself ol bis Sesire to hold. ^
baronial possessions in land. Tho imV.^1
migrants he wants are the lowest. clans V
of white Eurppcan farm laborers, jW*^
lie would havo them distributed;
bureaus and sub bureaus to tho planners .*
as they aro needed, employing thom on V
an experimental farm till they aro called
for. We up here distribute 1 !aboro?a ?
from Castle Garden, but we send, outV:
men whom we know to bo socking work ,
first., and farms afterward. . > ,'
That there is need enough that somer? .
bow South Caroliua should got a :neW'
government, is not to be doubtod. ;.\
?bero is no dispute among obsorvera* oJ^V
its performances that the Legislature
which has just been adjourned war one *
of the most corrupt assemblages of men ..'
that ever legislated for a State, abd ^oawS
of the most contemptible io point OF/
ability. The Senate was better than'*
the Lower House, for, though it;-haffV:
members who looked for bribes, they X
did uot make a show of their spoila, a? did -
some representatives. No bil!, however y
unobjectionable, could pass, it is said,V
unies* it paid contribution to the "POrty^i
Thieves"-an organized band, some of^
whom were white, some colored,- some'
Democrats, and nome Hepnj^Hean?*.:
J iii ck i ly, t h ttl precious crow did not t?ltfe**
itself atti high rate, and would legislate'
after being "recognized," or potting;.
"light" to thc extont of fivo .or-toSH
dollars a head. These gontlemen are '
said to have had a captuin and othtfr*^
officers, to hnvc resrularly sold them. ; 'J
BCIVCS, and to have divided gains accord- '
ing to muk iu tho organization, hts
this indulgent atmosphere, Mr.
Whitemore, by ibo by, ia now laboring
to secure a return to his seat tn CorK?
gross. Tho Ropublicnn leaders oppose* \
him. and (he meetings that he ud?trotada;
arc cot RU numerous ns his audle?&*$
in old limes nor so enthusiastic., itf?
fact, they ure rather quiet; but the '
fueling of thc negroes is said to bo, on.
thc whole, in his favor. It is probable!
then, that wc shall have him back io\
Washington, in view of whioh . proba?
bility, wo would refer any member who
wishes tn look up Mr. Whittemore ;
thoroughly to Mr. Dirk Teupk'en, of*
Sulem, Mass., who reports, that when
Mr. Whitlenioro wns chaplain of Ww*
30th Massae!) mot ts, he had some < deaf*
inga whieii Toupkon. uiiiuh t o tho pconnir '
ary disadvantage ol'that foreigner, wftrt*
had previou-ly thought tout olergymeo';
could bo tru.sied.
- * , %
NonTtiiii&N soci vii ic<ii;Ai.tr?-. ;
The "Directors of tho Academy of
Music in Philadelphia hilve rjpf?'?tid"ttf
permit that building to bo used Ivy" tho
negro Hovels, who dosi ros to *djre*flv!
thc pcoplo of tho (-?fy nf DrotherlyLov*"'
Eleven of the twelve Dircotor?a/0r?|rjh'
pronounced KepnrMic.mi, and tho Had*
io ?I p ipon of Philadelphia am very
severe in their comments upon this 40-/'
lion of their Radical friends. '??t?*.,
Public sentiment in PensjTOttf?
upon ibo negro question seems rf?^bo?
undorgoing a rai'kal change. .fVir,
days since a bill p.sand both' brohea
of thc Radical Legixlatnre crantrto <*'
divorce to a vln'.'r w..man on .ho-^tfflra?]
that her hu-band vs as discovered *i$if?\
a mulatto ufter her inrrriage. TbrqitjC
Radical .Indget in PhilnJelphiflij^H
rtdugi'd to issuo tuifnrahzation papfr?M
AfrioauR, mid the o-it?re RtdftjM^jR^H
tn the State, with tho extwptlotfp-flir^
few- subsidized pressed. Mema Ml?')M>k
iV<Ho bM,k ,tauk ^^MSH
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