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H i i ? II i i ir - in
WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY ll, 1S70.
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
The Sumter Watchman
' (ESTABLISHED IN 1850.)
IJVBUV WKDHKSDA? KIOBNINO
AT SUMTER. S. O.? BY
GILBERT Sc FLOWERS.
On. yo?.IS JJ
8ix months.,. J T
Tb roe mouths.M. 1 00
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted ?t th* Mt*
of ONE DOLI.AK ANO FIFTY CENTS per
*qti?r? for tb? Drat, ONE DOLLAR for tb*
?eooad, ?nd FIFTY CUNTS for euch ?ub.equeot
luiertion, for ?ny period le?? tb?n throe months
OUIT?AltriiS, TH1?UTHS OF K KS PECT
.nd ?ll eoininunicutlon? willoh subserve private
Interests, will be paid lor a? advertisements.
ISAAC A. MK A G EN.
THE ADVEltTISEU BEOS TO CALL AT
TENTION TO lil* STOCK OF TUE BEST
. A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
PERFUMERY, SOAPS, TOILET POWDER
Putt" Bosos nnd Puffs,
4 Shaving Cream aud Brusbos,
Tooth uod Nail Brusher,
All at McKAG N'S.
PREPARED CAREFULLY AT ALL HOURS,
By I. A. McKAUEN.
X BRANDY, OIN,
WHISKEY and WINES,
Sold at McKAO EN'S.
Nutmegs and Poppor,
_At McKAO EN'S Drug Store.
EROSINE OIL, Lamps, Humors. Chimneys
Wicks. Ac., At .McKAO ION'rt.
LAROE and FRESH SUPPLY OF
For sale by McKAGEN.
ILLER'S ALMANAC for 1870
At McKAO EN'S.
A FINE SEGAR
CAN BE HAD
feb 16_At McKAOEN'S.
HAVING REMOVED to Corner of Main
?nd Republican Streets, and thoroughly
revived and renovated my Stook, I can offer to
roy customers and tho pnb ie generally, os fino
AN ASSORTANT OF WELL SELECTED
ANO ? ?
As can lie found in this market.
Comprising most of tho popular
Plillotokon or Fcmnlo Friend,
My.?tic or Fournie Regulator,
A>cr's Cherry Pectoral,
Wistur's Balsam Wild Cherry,
Humboldt) E: tract Ruchu,
Simmons' Liver Invigorntor,
.Snndford's Liver Invigorutor,
Hall's Hair Roncwor,
Stafford's Olivo Tar for colds, coughs and
.Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup,
Russell's Soothing Cordial, without ano?
Holloway's, Von Deuson's and Hurley's
Worm Candy, with all tho Vermifuges.
A complete assortment of
PERFUMERY, TOOTH BRUSHES AND
A oholco article of CO LOO NE, of our own manu
facture, which we can sell cheap-with ull other
articles which should bo found In a
Well Regulated Drug Store.
Jan 26-tf J. F. W. DKLORME.
Toilet and Fancy Articles.
A. ANDERSON & CO..
Apothecaries and Chemists,
SUMTER, S. C.
Aro receiving constantly a full supply of Pure
Drills ami Chemicals, alni a well soloctod steel
of Fancy Articles and Perfumery.
A great variety of Toilot Soaps,
Extracts for tho Handkerchief,
Fino Colognes, Foreign nnd Dotnostie,
Surgical Instruments, Trusser, Ao.
AU Medicines warranted genuine and of tho
very best quality.
PHYSICIAN'S PRESCRIPTIONS, Carefully
compounded night or day. To bo found nt night
at the rosidonee of Mr. Anderson on Main St.
A. ANDBR80N, - A. J. CHINA, 1*1.0
Jan 6 M_
NAVASSA GUANO COMPANY
WILMINGTON? NO. CA.
INCORPORATED AUGUST, 1869.
ut i'd UTI', ns or
fyiyassa Guano, Sulphur,
NITRATE OP SpDA, Ac.
Sulphuric mitf Muriatic Acids,
And.of tho Patented
FOR SALE BY
A. A. SOLOMONS,
Agent for Sumter County,
March 2? -im
PH Alli TOIS .MANIRE
The Original and Genuine Article.
Prepared ander (he Formula of Dr. DAVID
STEWART, Chemist, and scoured by Letters Pat?
ent by us for the Putontee.
Phosphates and Potash,
Tho FOOD wbieh forms the mineral part uftho
pinnt, and that is removed from tho
soil with every crop.
PARTICULARLY ADAPTED TO
HORTICULTURE, FRUIT TREES, CORN
THE EXTERMINATOR OF
Rust, Spores and Insects
Diseased Peach Trees,
With yellow leaves, under ils influence, produce
a dark green foliugo in a tow weeks.
Put up in New Barrels.
PRICE, $ 10,00 PER TON.
Liberal deduction made to dealers.
Wo annex tho following certificates taken from
ninny received by us :
SUNNY SIDE, Anno Arundel co., Md., )
March 10th, 1870. j
Messrs. H'm. Crichton di Sun-(? ont leinen : I
used the 1'orsicntor on my Poach Trees last spring
with uTuch satisfaction. Many of my trees aro
six years old, wero diseased from th o WoRU,
tho leaves wore yellow and sickly. I applied a
emull .shove! lui of thc Pcrsicator around tho base
of each tree. In a few weeks thoy pruducod a
rich groon fnljugo, and boro o fine crop. I am
satisfied that ibis munuro completely destroyed
the worm, invigorated tho trees und tho growth of
RICHMOND, VA., Feb. 9th, 1870.
Mesur?. Wm, Crichton <C* ?'on, Jltittimore-I
used tho PKR810ATOR on a piece of very poor
lund to give tho CORN a start, and drilled it in
nt tho rato of 50 Ihs. I*ER ACRE, at tho cost of one
dollar. On this lot I never hud been nblo to se?
care a 'Watter" by reason of tho "CUT WORM," al?
though I tried salt in various ways.
On tho rows to which I applied the "PERSI
OATOR," tho corn earoo up "to a hill" promptly
and grow ofFfinol;-. On thu remaining rows, not
more than ono third of tho plutits escuped the
worm, und thoso that did, woro puny in appear
If further trials on lands infested with "Cut
Worms" shall result in scouriup a "STAND" Uko
the ono roforrod to, I should consider it an ex?
tremely vtiluahlo, and tho cbenpe^t remedy,
which could bo used.
S. BASSETT FRENCH,
Editor farmers' Omette.
PRESTON. Caroline Co.. Md., Fol?. lSlh, 1870.
I applied tho PRRMOATOK io SonauuM, alter?
nating with n fertilizer costing $50 per ton in
equal quantities. Tho growth of tho "CANE"
? hero tho PKUSIOATOR was applied, was very su?
perior and equal lo any ni a n med with tho more
II. F. WILLIS.
FOR SALE BY
Wm. Crichton & Son,
SO LE M A N U F ACT V R ERS,
For salo by
Green, Watson & Walsh, Agents,
Aprl 6-1 ml_SUMTER, S. C.
C< T. M AS ON *
SUMTER, S. C.
Has just received and keeps always on hand
Now and Bouutiful Styles of
JEWELRY, PYE GLASSES, &C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY RE?
PAIRED WITH DISPATCH.
O. F. HOYT.
"^^"OULD respectfully inform his friends
and tho public of Sumter, and adjoining counties,
that ho has recently received a choico soleo
LADIES' AND GENTLEMEN'S'
SPECTACLES, &c, &c,
His stock embraces all Jlho latest styles, Mid
?rill bo sold at reasonable ratos.
Supt 20 _ _
P. P. TOALES,
CHARLESTON, S. O.
Printed Price List Dofles Competition."?^
IB**" 8end for one Tf^
par Sent Free ott Application. "HOI
April 6 \f
L Written Por th? Watchman.]
THE APPLE TREE,:
Toe Temperance Hero?
Mr. 13. was a mao of fortune and
education but had in early life, acquired
the habit ot using spirituous liquors
freely, until exoessive indulgence made
him a wreck, in property, health, happi?
ness, and morals. His wile, a lovely and
intelligent woman, was almost broken
hearted. His motto when young, was,
"A man is no man, who cannot stop
drinking when ho pleases" and firmly
believed that he had tho moral power to
quit drinking just when he pleased, he
rushed ou, in his oareer of ruin, not
heeding the intreaties of his wife, the
advice of friends and the distress of
children, until the iron manacles of in?
temperance bound him hand and foot.
Suddenly he seemed to awake up to a
sense of his perilous condition, and like
Sampson, who when shorn of his
strength, thought he would go out and
slay his enemies as he had dpna before,
found himself a wretched captive,
with a power over him whioh controlled
him, as as slave is controlcd by his
master. Ho attempted a reform, but as
well might human power attempt to
stop thc tremendous mass of snow as it
tumbles dowu tito mountain sido, as for
this man to reform himself. He failed !
Tried agaiu and failod ! Failure followed
failure until thc gloom of despair began
to settle about his mind, and threatened
him with entire loss of reason-he felt
himself a helpless, hopeless, wretched,
drunkard, with an appetite perfectly uo
controluble, governing him, with tho
power of a demon.
His home was now a wretched place,
with but few comforts, his friends hud
abandoned him as a hopeless case of in?
ebriation, ho had become sour and mo?
rose in temper, and his children were
afraid of him. There was but one left
who dung to him, and she did so with
tho affection of a first love. This was
his wife. She never chided him, her
words were always the soft sweet words
of love and hope, aud like tho ivy, that
clings to the oak after its leaves havo
withered and thc marks of death are
upon it, so she clung to him. Uer lovo
was that which sprung up only in thu
breast of a true woman, a pure, strong,
active fountain, which flows unceasing?
ly. Half demented, and ulways drunk,
he wandered about, uot knowing what
to do, when suddenly "a still,soft voico"
seemed to whisper in his heart, "God
can help you." At once he determined
to s.eo what divino power could do for
him, and to seek it by prayer. There
grew, im UK-dial ely in front of his house,
shout a hundred yards distaut, a re?
markable apple tree. It was unusually
large, thickly studied with branches,
extending horizontally fur out, and
then gracefully fulling to tho ground, so
tliat between the trunk, and branches,
which were very thick, there was
formed a spacious, circular room. There
Mr. B. determined to make his closet,
and follow thc command of Christ, who,
said ''Kntcr into thy closet, and when
thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy
father, which is in secret and thy father
who scctrT* in secret, shall reward
thee openly." With his pen knife and
thc exercise of a little ingenuity, he
arranged a door, with tho boughs sc
iutcrlacod, and arranged that it could
open and shut. There in nature's own
sanctuary, with n chair and bible, he
entered into secret audioncc with Mini
who sccs thc sorrowing heart, and has i
warm gushing .sympathy for tho unfor?
tunate, for He himself, "was in al
points tempted like as we are," anc
there in thc quiet holy retreat, chasten?
ed in his penitence, he learned tin
weakness and depravity of his own heart
und with a trembling faith leaned upor
the arm of God for assistance. Om
beautiful day in thc spring, just as na
ture had at'.ircd herself in her gayes!
I and loveliest robes of green, just as tin
sun had mounted to thc zenith and wa
shedding down his golden rays upon tin
earth, already beautiful, that grcate
moral luminary, tho holy spirit shed it
divine light in Mr. R's dark soul, am
he fell at once that tho spell was brok-n
thc enchantment dissipated, tho pow o
which hud controlcd him so long heh
in check, and with a shout of joy, h
ran wildly to thc housa, not cryin?
Eureka! Eureka 1 Eurckulas the Phil?
osopher of old did but exclaiming "
can conquer ! "I can conquer ! I can coo
qucr!" His wife mot him with troubling
joy, and tried to encourage him to th<
best of her ability, but hor words wor
I mingled with many fears and ruisgiv
ings, with rognrd to the futuro.
It was years after this that I formet
his acquaintance Ho was then a ver
old man.-Tho frosts of moro thau eight
winters had whitoncd his looks, whiol
flowed in careless but graooful ringloti
as white as the driven snow. . His ster.
wero short, and ha tottered on his st ai
Well do I remember my first visit.
He took me out to the apple tree.
We entered the little sanctuary, and he
there gave me a history of his life-his
dissipations, failures in his attempts to
reform, his dreadful despair and his final
triumph through divine grooe. He wept
in grief and joy, and I mingled my
sympathies, tears and joys with his, and
kneeling together, poured out our souls
in prayer and praise. It was good to be
there. I said to him, "Mr. B. have you
ever tasted liquor sinoe that great vic?
tory over it?" Straightening himself
upon his staff, with both hands resting
upou it, his naturally bright eye flash- j
ing out surprise, with great emphasis
he replied, "No I No ! Why Sir, if I
bad ever tasted it, God would have
cursed me, and I should have died a
drunkard!" He continued, "Aboutsix
years ago, I was taken very ill and my
family thought I would die, and iu great
haste, sent for Dr. M. As soon as he
looked at me he withdrew, and in a very
short time, brought mo something in a
cup, I said to him, Ur. what is this ?" "It
is brandy," he replied, "and you must
drink it at once, orin a half hour you
will bc a dead mao." Said the old
hero, "I replied, Dr. 1 did not know
that I was so near heaven, and clasping
my hands together, I said, tako away
the brandy Dr. and let me go. If the
question is between drinking that
brandy, getting well, and being cursed
with myoid tastes; und keeping ray vow,
and dying sober and going home to
heaven, thcro is but little difficulty in
deciding. Take the brandy away, and
let me dio. I would rather die a thou?
sand deaths, than taste that brandy."
Said the old hero, "1 got well without
thc brandy, and expect to close my
earthly pilgrimage without tasting it."
About a year after this, I was sent
for, to seo him It was evident to all,
that he was upou his death bcd.
Emaciated ana pale with his eyes fur
sunken in their sockets, aud his
voice very feeble, I said to him, "Mr.
B , by grace, you conquored one enemy,
another now approaches"-Not wait?
ing for mo to finish the sentonce, he
lifted both his bauds to heaven, and
raising thc old battle cry, shouted, "I
can conquer ! I can conquer !" und thou
calmly crossing his hand? upon his
bi cast, oloscd his eyes, aud passed away.
"Creator is he who ruleth his own spirit
than he that taketh a city."
BY W. BEAUMONT CLARKSON.
"The domestio fireside is the greal
guardian of society against the exocssci
of human passions," says a writer ot
??Female Ioflucnco." If this be true
which it certainly is, how cnn pen dc
scribe the importance of "Female Edu
How much moro circumscribed wouh
become tho empire of guilt! what t
marvelous amount would bo taken froti
the sum of the or i mes and miseries o
the human raoo ! if females received th
education necessary to fit them for th
proper exercise of their influence i
thc home circle.
How necessary is it, that when ma
?retires, after tho feverish anxiety ex
pcrienccd in his intercourse with th
world, to the benoni of his family, thc
he should fird there repose from hi
tormenting cares, in the companionshi
ot a woman of i p. te I li gen co and cultivo
tion-who instead of receiving hil
with fretfulness or insiped obit ohat, o
subjects of no importance or interest I
him; receives him with the sympath
added to thc judgement of a cultivate
mind and turns his harassed mind fro
tho cores of thc world, to thc enjoymet
of domestic happiness.
Let her be indeed, a companion thr
life, able to apprcoiato aud partake i
thc joys and sorrows of her husband
supporting, and advising with woman
intuition, and pointing like an angel
the cross of Christ, r.t the foot of whit
wo may all lay down our boidcns.
Thc influence of roman on tho int?
lectual character of tuan, moy not sec
obvious, but it certainly does exist in t
Tho cultivated wife, by force of ass<
oiniion, will inevitably expand the mit
of her husband, raise the standard
his character, and exert A relining a.i
elevating influence upon him. Win
on tho other hand, tho wile dostitu
of mental oulturc, if sho doc? not su
cccd in dragging her husband down
her mental level, instead of being a cot
panion to him, becomes a tyrant or slat
ono extremo or the other (which nt t
samo timo goes to prove that cducati
balances tho human mimi) for if a w
man bo pcrfoct in beauty of form a
feuturo, and possess not a cultivai
mind, she becomes moro of a playthi
for pastimo, than a companion, oortnit
not un equal.
. ? - . i itt ' .- 'I v-. , %
It ii necessary for the happiness of
mankind, that if men be educated, wo?
man should also, and it is oren of more
vital importance, for her opportunities
of exerting her influence, are better and
And ber influence, though felt, any?
how, should be stregtbonod by education
that the influenoe should be poworful,
as it is for good, for to woman, is often
entrusted the angelic task of leading
her husband and children to the cross
Gain for Reform.
The Missionary Record on the rascality
of the ring- The doings of the land \
commission denounced- Corruption
and incompetency in city. County, and
school mattera-a colored man's warn?
ing lo thc official robbers.
No one, who is not blinded by preju?
dice, and carried away with partisan
feeling, can deny that thero is need of
reformation in our affairs of govern?
ment, in some departments. We have
always been among those who have de?
sired an honest and just government,
both in Stato and municipal affairs. We
know that in the Republican party wc
havo some of the. most unscrupulous
demagogues, somo cf tho most dis?
honest of men: We have never been
so wedded to party as to wink' at all
its sins, or to spare any of its numerous
sinners, when we have believed they
needed scoring at our hands. We have
marked out for ourselves a path of hon?
esty and just dealing with mankind,
and wo canot be turned from that path
by any personal or party interest.
Whenever we Jjave thought proper to
cull iu question tho actions ot Republi?
cans, wc have so done- unhesitatingly,
and shall continue so to do. We have
scrutinized tho doiugs of certain officials
of thc Stato, and of tho oounty, as well
as of the city, and we cannot sanction
certain transactions which havo taken
place, to the detriment of the people's
good, and tho prosperity of the county
Wc think that thc manner in which
thc Land Commission of this State has
been conducted ha? been more with a
view of speculation by a fow individu?
als than for the good of tho thousands
of poor people of this State. Wo have
been among thc earnest supporters of I
the Laud Commission for securing
homes to thc poor. In tho discharge
of our legislative duties, we urged this
measure an thc best through which the
poor could speedily be placed beyond
want and dependence. The ucl creal
iug tho Commission we regard as a
success, and it would have proved such
had the mantle of responsibility fallen
upon the shoulders of an honest well
wisher of tho poor. But, unfortunately
for thc causo of suffering, humanity, il
fell where tho springs hud dried up
where there was no sympathy nor
interest save that of peculation. Two
hundred thousand dollars of bonds
wore issued, under thc direction of the
Commission, which had all been ex?
pended before the mooting of the last
Legislature, and only 45,000 acres of
land bought, according to the statement
of the Commissioner. Last session,
resolutions were offered in thc General
Assembly requesting him to report the
condition of his office and what had been
done-yet itt no time could a roport be
elicited. Subsequently, a ohangc was
made in that office; but, unlike any
other officer of government, Mr. Leslie
baa not yet turned over his books aud
papers to his successor. No report has
been submitted to the Governor or
Advisory Board. No oue seems strong
enough to bring Mr Leslie to account
for his disregard of a plain duty as
Stato officer. Two hundred thousand
dollars of tho people's money has boen
expended, and no one knows where,
how, to whom nor for what it has been
expended. Yot wo have an Advisory
Bonrd, composed of tho Governor, Sec?
retary ol Stato, Treasurer, Comptroller
Genera) and Attorney General-all tho
heads of the State, and through whom
Mr. Leslie has operated-and yet they
permit him to walk with impunity,
giving no account of his official conduct.
Do they not know that the pooplo will
hold them strictly responsible for what?
ever may be wrong in this matter?
There aro other facts in relation to
ibo Land Commission which arc not the
most flattering in point of business
transactions which have occurred since
thc new Commissioner has boen np
pointod, but with which ho was not
connected, which do not reflect credit
upon those connected with it. Tho
public aro not idlo and careless obser?
vers of th'cso transactions, and when thc
time comes, will nurdy render a propet
verdict in the enso.
In our oounty affairs there never wan
n moro reckless expendituro of public
funds, of no practical good to thc county
than in Charleston county. We know
of transurf ions which will make any hon
est mun blush to mention-thc expendi?
tures of money wrung from the tax pay?
ers wh ich may be. characterized as high?
way robbery. In certain, transect ions
in city affairs wc forbear to speak, ho?
ping that the time is not far distant,
when wo shall have n reformation, even
in tho present Council, which will re
fleet honor upon ita name. The school
question is another which enters ?nfc
the vitality of the nation's progress un J
prosperity, and yet thero lins not boon n
d(V/,en schools established in any of
tho parishes or districts outside of thc
largo oities and yet tho commissioners
oro drawing their pay, and all other
officers are feeding at. the public crib,
while tho people are bleeding at ovory
pore. We say to Rc publican H and to
tKat party that unless they themselves
I begin a reform, and that fpiedi/g.t^epeo
pie ?ill reform the party hy electing oth?
ers more competent and honest, who
?rill carry ouVtho great principles of
gov or n rue nt, namely, the good of all tb?
people." We warn our officials to State,
county and city, that unless they rise
commensurate with the demands of the
times and the wants of tho people, they
willbe hurled from power, and their
places filed with better ??nen, whether
they bo to the manor or of foreign birth
whether they bc of thc Republican or
tho'"Oitisens' Party"-so that they are
honest men, and wil secure to the peo?
ple tho blessing!} of civil liberty and
* [Missionary Record, BO th ult.
A Black Demosthenes.
We publish below a part of a speech
delivered by Ilonry Boyd, negro at
Carrolltou, Miss. Read it:
MY COLORED FRIENDS : I appear
here tooday iu your interest alone. Tho
white man isublo to take caro of him?
self ; and, as yon all can see, I have
?ot ono drop of white blood io my vein?
[laughter.) I am a regular old-fashioned ?
plain, cornfield nigger, and have not ,
the capacity to instruct white people as i
to their duties, even if 1 had the will.
[ was a slave from my birth-I always ,
aodeavored to servo my master faithfully ,
iccordiug to that letter of tho Bible ,
which reads : "Servants, bo obedient ,
to your masters, for this is right." And ?
[ can lay my hand upon my heart to- ,
lay and say, before Cod, that I enter? ?
tain no ill will toward any white man |
in earth, and least of all toward myoid <
master and his sons, whom I loved as <
my own brothers, and with whom I ,
played in boyhood. In all our neigh- |
jovhood romps and frolics and fights ?
Tor boys will fight,) they stood at my ,
jack, as I did theirs, whenever it came ?
.0 the pinch (laughter) ; and thank
Jod, I will do so yet. I will stund by ,
hem so long as they stand by me, (
whether the oppression comes from the t
ifankees, or from wherever else it may. j
IV lien ev er it comes to my making choice ,
jetween white men, I shall profcr those ,
if my own section to ali the carpet j
laggers in tho world, [laughter aud (
ipplauso.] There ain't very much '
lifference between white men and Yan - (
tees (laughter,) and whenever you find f
t at all you'll find it in tho white ma a's t
avor. White folks arc all protty rauoh .
mt of the sarao doth, and both
lections have mado their love for the
liggers subserve their own interests,
ill men are selfish by nature and can't
?elp it, and I oan't blame them. t
When tho late war broke out, I am t
Veo t> acknowledge, I was mighty glad 1
>f it. I felt that my freedom was goiug t
0 come out of it some way or other, aud, 4
is I am, perhaps, as selfish "us a white <
nun, I tell you I didn't-well I didn't a
?ry -much at tho prospect. Well when 1
he first company left my county for j
'old Virginny" to fight the Yankees, I t
inlistcd with tho balance of them, and 1
vent along ns first cook and head wait
?r for otic of my young masters. I had t
1 pretty good time too, for while the t
viii tc folks were out fighting and mardi- i
ng aud suffering and dying, I was t
uying back with tho meat and broad
vagons. (Laughter ) I felt for once V
n my life it was a protty good thing to a
>e a nigger after all-for the white man t
irouid'nt let me fight nlongsido of him \
ind after I heard tho first shell go off s
3od knows I wasn't very anxious to do i
t either. [Renewed laughter 11 knew 1
if I had been ulong on thc Yankee side 2
[ wouldn't have hud such an easy time 1
for ns selfish as the Yankee is, he j
lever objected to getting somebody to <
lo his fighting for him whenever ho f
jould. Not ho. [Loud laughter.] t
3ome folks say he waa willing i
enough to let the South do it t
ill, during tho Mexican war. (Ap- 1
I used to bc right smartly amused 1
'tearing the white folks talk. My young c
muster cune in ono night after a battle u
ind says he, "Henry, we've just had a i
jig six houri* fight. Wo whipped the t
1-d Yankees Uko smoko and drove 'em
thirty six miles " 'i hinks I to myself l
'Humph! pretty good drive-all iu six t
h our? too !" Rut a heap of peoplo j
di ink thc nigger is a fool. I
Well, I sorter thought, maybe,' the 1
lian kees were really lighting to fte0 the J
jiggers. But they didn't keep thc wool
ivor my eyes long I watched 'em J t
mighty close. One day tho news oamo t
into camp that Mr. Lincoln had done i
issued his proclamation, saying, that if 1
Mr. Davis would lay down his arma and (
?onie back into thc Union and go to 1
paying tarif! again tho Southern peoplo 1
might havo their niggers 1 Thinks I, I
liumph ! Mighty poor chance to get I
my freedom .'Vom you, Mr. Lincoln, i
? I/nugl?ter.j I tell you what I full 1
mighty bad for a long timo. I had the j
blues so had I wus almost black. ?1
[Laughter.] I think in two wcekfl I j I
must have full oil twenty pounds. I|<
was so'afraid Mr. Davis was going to j I
jo it I couldn't ?leon But by and by ? j
the good word came that Mr. Davis said ! 1
"he'd bo tl-d if ho'd do any such thing j !
I ain't lighting for tho nigger". Lot ! 1
tho niggers go. I'm after my own
(recd.un fir.-t before anything in the ;
world." I toll you my heart jumped 1
right np in my mouth. Thinks I, bully '
for Jell. Davis ! Ho's my man ! Ah, m>y
friends, if thc Yankees had boen in Mr.
Davis' place you'd bcon in tho cotton
patch to day, with whip after yon, iu
stead of sitting up here in this court
house hearing mo speak [laughter.] -
But don't you seo tho VlifTeronoo between
thc Southern man and tho Northern
mau. The Northern mau nover missed
tho chance of ukiog oaro of the dimes
And now tho oarp> t baggers oomo
beru and toll us ?hoy. aro our friuuds,
.nd tho Kout h fir n peoplo our onc
luice. Thuy tell" ua they ?qt us free.
Oh, jet, they've done it ell, no doubt.
They set as free about like they set\he
nales free ; ?boat liko Ben. Butler set
tho spoons free. (Immense laughter
applause). They done it nil to boro the
yankee, sod to injure the Southern
man. They oan't fool this nigger. I
know who brought the nigger iu this
country, in the first plsce, the Nv,.'thern
man brought us hore, sud when they
began to lose money on the nigger they
Sut the nlggor in their pocket sold him
own South, and then to keep the South
in the Uuion to make her pay taxes,
they turn around and set the nigger
and tho mule and the spoons free, and
they wouldn't have set anything free
(excepting the spoons) if they could
have got tho South back into tho Union
Tlicy promise him "forty acres and
the mule." I know five niggers that
starved plum to death waiting for that
mulo and that forty acres, [laughter.]
I'd Uko to know where the carpet bag*
ger got his forty acres I You nil re
member the devil took the Lord up in?
to a high mountain, and promised if
he'd fall down and servo him he'd give
bim tho whole world and t"..o old
scoundrel kucw all the timo he didn't
own a foot of land on the continent.
[Great laughter ]
The onrpet baggers osk roe to oan ni}
vote to keep the white folks down. Now
ill I ever wanted was to get on a level
with tho white man. I never wanted
to get above him. They say a nigger
is better than a white man* in Cincin?
nati. Well, that may bethe truth
in Cincinnati,-but it aiut true down
here. It is my interest to Rtand by the
Southern man, and it is my wish, too.
Whatever law is mad o to effect the
white man's plantation also affects my
little cotton patch in tho samo way.
The three ocnt tax on ootton hurts me
ivorse than it does the white man. But
X puts money in the Yankee's pocket.
They waut to disfranchise the whito
nan, aud mako tho nigger put them iuto
)ffico, that they may have taxes and
.nings their own way. They never would
?ave passed a law allowing niggers to
rote if they hadn't thought the niggers
vould vote the Republican tioket.
tfever ! Never! NEVER! Who believes
otherwise ? Not this nigger, certain.
The Yankee brought the nigger here
rom Africa for selfish purposes, set bim
roe for selfish purposes, and now
hey want to voto him for selfish pur
[From tho Columbia Guardian.]
THU REASON OF IT.
At tho mass meeting held tooelebrato
ho ratification of the fifteenth amend
nent, Senator Rainey mado a Speeoh.
tie montioned as a great wonder, that
he negroes wcro so quietly and easily
ceptiu slavery. His words were: "Gad
inly knows bow they kept us in slavery
o long-so many men vf intelligence,
[t only goes io show that tho colored
)eoplc kucw their own minds, and were
Ictcrraiood to wait upon thc great God
intil those rights should come."
That Senator llainey is ignorant of
his matter is no great wonder. But
>eyond what ho knows about it, there
s a good deal well known outside of
he counsels of tho Omniscient.
The explanation of the wonder is to
)0 found in tho fact that the negro in
lavery was, and has always been, bet?
er off than iu freedom. By better ott
vo tuenn moro healthy in body, more
ane in mind, les? criminal, and more
ncrcasing. This fact-all these faots
Tere shown by Mr. Calhoun thirty years
igo tn a report or letter which he wrote
ipon thc matter, mado up of facts then
ust made public in the United Statce
lensus of 18-10. There was much and
ingry discussion ou this paper, because
he question then in tho minds of our
vit?le people was slavery ; nod every
hing upon tho status of the negro wus
teen through tho medium of au angry
?trttsanship. But tho fuels were facts
io less; and, now that wo have no oe
sasioo to loso temper about it since
ilnvcry is dead, we may safely refer to
t in considering Senator Kuiney's won
We of oourso do not mean to imply
hat those faots or the reasoning based
tpon them ever influenced the negro's
udginent, because wo uro aware that
hey never reached that jtidgctneut any
nore than tlicy have leached Senator
But our meaning ia that the coudi
ion of com tort in which the negro has
tlways lived in tho Sutith has resulted
u making him comparatively content
frith his fortunes. The merciful and
Jhristiau administration of tho system
A slavery in tho hands of an immense
Majority of slaveholders in tho South
ook from tint condition-however
tavsh in theory it. maybe-so milch of
ts hittcrnes that thu slave was well
jigh content with Iiis lot.
This fact it is, and this only, can
explain to Souulor lunney tho rocsou
for his race's remaining so leng und so
iontenlodly in slavery. It explains,
too-that which astounded thu world
uni confounded thc wisdom of thc
tbolitiiiuist-why tho slaves in the
South remained quiet during thc war
[)f four years.
Senator Kidney 1e right when ho says
that "it only goes to show that tho eoW
r>rcd peuple knew their own Ulinda;'
but not. as ho meant it. They knew -
thut is, they loll-that well enough
might better bo let alon?. They were,;
therefore, passive. They were not so:
muoh watling upon thc great God, as
Senator llaiuey seems to think, as
tinder the hand of God they were being
med hy Him for his high purposes.
They were not controlling l\ovideuca
by their superior wisdom ; but most
likely Providonoo was controlling them
and their wisdom too.
Flctoher c.itimuto.1 that of the 50,000,
000 negroes in A tries, uboul 10,000,000
aro held in ?lavery by the oiher tan i
jolllioos. Dr. Lu?cnb?ck ??d'N l*und*r,}
The Sumter '
Highest Style *<?|h?|
the traveler, ?gre? In the fcvttMM
four, fifths of ibo negroes KAJH?
These 40,000,000, upon ttfr^^
heath, ar? awaiting" npoq ftotflH
uutil their rights shall ooWta^JtM
that they have no ?QhQW?ll$B
emera to disoomfoK then* wltwgnj
wheu they aro too laay to -tfwlj
instead of that ?hen they gav?Mj
they hava the superior hapr^i?j
being burbnoued and served up .OJ?
table of their own color. ? r.<>ig
And it makes ?Il the dlff??fM
the world. " ?
Now, if it excites Senator wjgg]
wonder that 412,820 negroes .ital
Oarolina should quietly Tittup
. lavery to 201,888 whit? OtjH|>J
much greater must his wonder
when wo tell him that to day*-A
19,288,505 in Africa are quietlyini
ing io sluvery to 12,820,8761; o
A SKBMON. - '??lfc9
My hearers, I shall draw fort1fcjC|BsH
ioma of my argument from the f?HOmjf?
og hymn : ' '-'^M
Thia world ts ul] n flVelln'shoW .'-.?^ffl|
To Ulan's illusion given ; -* :<A^?H
Novor s_?i>iro where you can't s^t, '^dSwiM
Or to tho uirth you'll full. ^ VvV?SP
I agree with tho tavern keopor, "jfllj^^
laid wheu thc cirou3 company MojHfllmW
vit bout puyin' him lor grub and -(jf??fj^S
.this world is nil a fluctiu' show,'*; .?Ht\al
'. also nido with the hungry man,
iried out iu tho bustiu' agony of
icart, when ho saw a cooked pig's
ihockin' in the magic luntern, thal!. fJ4?f2^
s "for man's illusion given 1 ? "mm
'fiends ! you wrap your toolings afou?^
he rot ten things of this world
nonkeys do their tails arouud thtf ?uf?^A'w
ound Umbi of old trees. .
When you got high up, you .'fit^iwp
'our honoy-boe holler turns out to Jb.^?-j."^
tornot's nest, and when those liulo
ng belzebub's commeuco poki?* tpeur,^
harp pointed snouts deop into your
uss, you wiggle about like an' e^w3wH
ry in pan, your tail gets untwisted, -JM^.i?
ho limb breaks, that you have grabb^^jj?
s tight us a loather sucker does a b?Tj|6>'4fi
ut, and you fall, oowhollop, upon .th>* y*\
rokeo glass bottles, wbioh are alwaj???^ij|?
trowed under tho pizon gipps ^Fi^^raS
deasure I Oh ! the vanity of dos.tru^^
ho slippery paths of this airth J-^Yott^?^j
un af tor em, you pant you blow, tho piiriv^
piration runs down you like sotpluoVffr'^
washing machine, your body is oovatjsw^
vcr with tho priokly heat of : snxiptyy \X\
nd your foot with the soft corns of car? ?fi
nd disappointment. And what ard ??ll.. ^
hese sufferings for? What makes your ^
oso bleed, and what make* your blood^t?
oil like hot pitoh at a tar " gath erin f
Vhy you've been running after tho greaif -3d
boat of mammon ! His tail has beon dipv;?
ed in Satan's lard kittie, and wheu
ou think you've got him foul-wh?h ^
ou've poured the ashes of vexation odv'.A'-.J
our palms, when you've dipped yo?Uf .
ngors into tho sand gluo of oxporlejroe _^
nd wisdom, so that they'll stick,'.Wf^/v*
nd no mistake, the cussed oritter'giVf)a\]^
grunt like the bustiu' of a bladder, andv^
is tail slips through your paws Vik> *
cebe greased lighten in'. , .s
Oh, my beloved hoarers ! how awfqf
i your situation in that pertioulet- timel. :^
-You seo tho hog that you'ro be?tt^".^;
unnin' after all your boro days way on
vor so fur ahead, and you're ovor . so ft**
itto behind 1 All your precautions hara " y
orne to what hickory wood will in the
inter time, smoke ! Your trowsera frtijf'['M
plit, your shirt's dirty, und your ?ni? -
ro streaming like two lio hoppers on.-?^i
liny day. Your headaohes, aod .yU^ ?
ac the sea turtles and canvass badke- Jj
ootin' straight into your skull. T^U?^; ^
eas of dispondoncy bite you through
Ito day, und bcd bugs of conscience, a?
ig as sheep, keep you from sloop ?t^??'i
iglit. You're worse thuu a man wHb/ v!^
is hands tied, lying naked io '
ayou, without a muskolo bar ? Out of ; ?'?'<?
cmorse springs just about ten million
luskectos, with comi? stockings, oil\?*
heir legs, and augers in their m0ut4itA*&~j
II borin strait through nud through ./
our body, and filliu up tho bolo with
ov; itel; and skunks cologne '-'
Your situation is too numeroa* \o
lotitioii. Tho molasses hogqlif-ad < of ? j?
ioncrosity and good feeling in staved jo,.,
nd thc sweet stream of kindness ap<L. v|
umunily is mixing with thc tar, deaflp-;^
ogs und drunken nigger? lyio abou.' on
he levee of vico and immorality.\Th?
Iississ?ppi oflovo is at low waler, tho ??j
teatnbont of prayer and tho broad'h?r? i ' .
>f lilith, both ?alon with thc rich caig?> UM
f the country above, git cruolly ,sn?g-v; >
;ed on tho logs of despair; and both
ink de-op in tho yaller mud ol sfft.l-^
ho entlUhas of'hull, which aro born*'; ftl /
ho bi t i ti spring of intompdr moo, Haiti ' ;
ound your brains and tho soreoch owl^''/ii
if sorrow set . boohooin" in tho h?|li >>i
oost of your hoaris. You'ro de?uctfi!.4'y
nd dc-pisod-you're no more use to tho : \.
/orld than a pair of goggles aro to ^?^.'.?
tone blind man, and yolero no moro ijad^/^
o yoursi Ives than a problem of Kuel?di
o u nigger baby ! ? . '
- - A sliov.Muan in Omaha exhibit? ona . \
if his eyes, pre<? rvcd in a bottle, uliioji
ic tells his audience "was gouged out :\
u a (rec fight in the early days' of Ut??tyt
foro town," ?nd ftirr.h??r as#0rca^?^^
?earns that his is uot . ^oyo solatci ?
'.They tell mc wine gives t?tr<>igtb}7: i
mi l a Fox ono day : "a-id y'ot I, Wli^
nive just drunk three bottles, x!ai(hi?* :
ccu myself on my log ..'" . *'.-/.. ?
- A London gierchant adverti^cd-foK;;.'.
\ ekrk who could "bear ooiiflnen^m*^^':i
Ile. roeeived an answer from ono- Mftty^
had bi'rn Mivoii y<?us in#jail. - j
- A Western pnp^v cnys of ? ^fljSHi
that wtin htnxod: ''Wed fr<>uiiJjjMw?H3ll
lion of tho tonsils.'' i^^iS.
- Dux ia the Tja tin for mi M tri ry .^p???$
dor, Hrjya a psper^ >?ioe durk*
our ti?*litar^r leodora ?ii? ! v- <y ?ff*