Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXI 1, ^ 187Q> ' 3^> J>
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE. MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
;r - . ' vv.c- . ? . ;. . <.
j AT S0MT??; B. O.t BY
GILBERT A FLOWERS.
On* y?*r...............00 <
. git aMDtb*... ... ............................i* ?xi
Ihre? months.M. > vO
ADV?K'JfldgMlSNlt? inserted ?I tb* rat?
?f ON* DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS par
,qu*r. far th? trat, ONB DOLLAR tor tba
?Mond, and FIFTY 0BNT8 for each[subsequent
Insertion, for any period leaf then three PjPOtDf
OBI?ABIBS.^RIBUTBS OF RESPECT
and ell eOiawunlentloni wt?lon subs.rve private
laureate, will be paid tor aa advertisements.
1870. , 1810.
MATES VILLE, S. C.*
J. A. ?AYES~& CO.,
WILL CONTINUS DUBING TUB TSAR TO
KEEP ON HAND A FULL 8UPPLY
OF GOODS IN TH BIB LINS,
and hop* to merit a oontlnuanoe of the liberal
patronage they have bern receiving.
We desire to eall particular attention to oar
It ii our atm to keep for sale only good quali?
fie* of FLOUR, and families may rely opon our
Stooltai affording- tho beet grades or
Extra and Family Flour,
to be bad in the markets.
Our g roce rios generally aro all
sod our DRUGS and MEDICINES are war.
ranted to be pure and genuine.
Besides the usual stock of DRUGS and MED?
ICINES, we keep always on band, we offer two
invaluable preparations of our own manufacture.
FOR THE PERMANENT CURE OF
Chills and Fevers.
an admirable combination of TONICS adapted
to all oates needing Tonio Medicines.
COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds taken In
BARTER for gooda at fair prices.
J. A. MAYES A CO.
Jan 1, 1870 ly .
Harbeck, Conklin & Willis
Stoves, Tin and Japaned Ware,
And Agon?a for
Kaoline and Enameled Ware.
For sale by
L. P. LOltING, Agent,
Juno 9--_Sumter 8. C.
"yT^OULD^ respectfully inform bis friends
and the public of Sumter, and ndjoiningoountics,
that he has recently roceived a choleo soleo
LADIES' AND GENTLEMENS'
SPECTACLES, &c., &c.,
His stock embraces all 'the latest styles, and
will be sold at reasonable rates.
JVT ARBLE YARD
TUE undersigned would most resp'Ctfuli)
announce to the people of Sumter and sur?
rounding country has he have just received a
SPLENDID LOT. OF
ive ck? rtol e> ?
sod is now prepared to receive and oxecuto or
dora of all kinds in his line, with neatness and
IRON RAILING FURNISHED TO ORDER.
W. P. SMITH,
SUMTER, S. C.
NTO- 17 _ tf
General Life and Fire
SUMTER, s. c.
X. HE following Companies having complied
with the Law, and deposited $20,000 each with
the Comptroller General, offer protection to
households against loss or damage by fire :
Seourity Fire Insurance Company of
New York, ABSOUS, $2.017.869 81.
German Fire Insurance Company of
New York, Asfletts. 1.058.054 61.
Georgia Home Insurance Company,
Columbas, Ga., Assettg, 468.731 10.
Riohmond Banking Insurance Co., of
Virginia, Assetts, 279.546 24.
" Uftm A. WHITE,
m March M _ Ag?ek
AALL persons having claims against the Es?
tate ofW.W. MoCntehcn, deceased, will
please present them doly proven. And all per*
?cns Indebted will piesse make payment to
_ ' H.O. MoOUTOHBN> Adm'or.
100 years a secret?
ly, Cures as by magie
1,000 persons testify
Pains, wounds, and Bufferings
-t&" Physicians uso and recommend
SST $5.00 pots ordered daily for
hospitals and public institutions
in all parts of the U. S.
jpHOBE JJAKER ^ALVE
all Cuts, Burns, Bruircs, Sores, Ulcers,
Caners, Sure Nipples, and Br ken Breasts,
Chapped Lips rind H inds, Eruptions, Chil?
blains, Bites or Stings of Insects, Ac
^iSfc.. A WONDERFUL CURE FOR PILES.
Put up in OOo. siten (nnd $1 pots for families.)
All Druggists everywhere sell it.
DON'T BE ONE DAV
Without it in the House.
"CostarV Rat, Roaoh,&o. Extermina?
"CosfarV (liquid) Bcd Bug Exter.
"Costar'?" (only pure) Insect Powder.
"Costnr's" (only sure remedy) Com
Ask for "COSTA K'S" (tiikc no other.)
$1, $2, $3, and $5 sizes, order from
COSTAR CO., 13 Howard.St., N. Y.
GOODRICH, WIN EM AN & CO.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
The Best Tonic Ever Invented.
Recommended by the best Physicians
in the country for thc cure of
Diseases of the Liver and
Loss of Appetite,
And General Debility.
IT HAS KO EQUAL.
ItisaMuro PREVENTIVE OF CHILLS AND
FEVER, and is a GREAT STRENGTHENER
IT EXIIILERATES WITHOUT BEING
FOLLOWED BY DEPRESSION, nnd on that
account is tho boat boverngo.
IT IS 6 MOST DELIGHTFUL CORDIAL
Tho most delegete Females taku it.
NO FAMILY SHOULD BE WITHOUT IT.
?pS3r Sold by tho Principal Druggists and
April '3_._ 3m
Tho undersigned have rocontly published n
series of NKW PICTORIAL READERS AND
SPELLERS, adapted to the tastos nf holli taxes
in Gio family ns ..''ell as tho school room. They
havo been prepared by thc Ru v. Prof. J. L.
REYNOLDS, D. D., bf thc South Carolina
University. Tho series consists of six volumes,
Reynold's Now Pictorial Speller.l?e.
Reynold's Nerf Pictorial Primary Reader.2'ic.
Reynold's New Pictorial First Render.-Hie.
Reynold's New Pictorial Second Reader.OOo.
eynold's New Pictorial Third Reader. Sile.
Reynold's New Fourth Reider,.$l.25c.
SCHOOL HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Told in n familiar style. Ry Professor JAMBS
WOOD DAVIDSON, A. Al. Price 00 cents.
Prof. REYNOLDS' WRITING BOOKS, in n
series of numbers-20 cents each.
A SCHOOL REGISTER to last six months,
ATARLE BOOK for young children,-50c.
The nbovo i ublicnlinns oro being extensively
used in this Stnlo, North Carolina, nnd Georgia,
nnd wo aro encouraged lo go on and publish n
whole scries of School Doole* in all departments.
Du tile & Chapman,
Publishers and Booksellers,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Also for salo nt tho SUMTER BOOK STORE.
April 20 _Cm
GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE. ]
WILMINGTON A MANCIIKSTKR R. R. CO. >
WILMINGTON, N. C., Alorch 12, 1870. J
ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, tho 13lh inst.,
Passengers for tho W. A M. R. B. will
tn ko the Train at the W. A W. R. R. Dopot
and the following sohodulu will be run :
DAY EXPRESS TRAIN (Daily.)
Leave Wilmington (W A W R R Depot) 1:00 A M
Arrive at Florence.11:03 A M
Arrive nt Kingsville.3:00 P M
Leave Kingsville.11:40 A AI
Arrive at Floronce.,.3:14 P Al
Arrive at Wilmington.0:00 P AI
NIGHT EXPRESS TRAIN (Dally.)
Loave Wilmington ( W A W R R Depot) 0:15 P Al
Armo at Florence. 1:43 A AI
Arrive nt King.ville.9 00 A M
Leave Kingsville.3:4? P Al
Arrive nt Florence.11 06 P M
Arrive at Wilmington.6:! 2 A M
T3 KPAIRED BY AN EXPERIENCED
WORKMEN, If left at '
O. T. MASON'S Jewelry Store.
New Hardware Store,
Main-st. under Smaller Hotel,
L. P. LORIN G,
Messrs. King & Happman,
HAI/TimouE, Iff. D.
Would respectfully announce to hie frieudsand
the public, that hq has received and opened, at
the above establishment a ?
Stock of Hardware and
embracing every article in tine Hue of business,
wbivh he iuteuds tu sell at the
LOWEST PH ICES, FOR CASH.
Ile will koop alwayu in store, a completo assort?
Collin's Axe?, Amos' Shovels-and Spades,
Trace Chitins, Hoes,
Rakes, Pitch Forks,
Crain Cradles, Soy the Blades,
Pocket ?nd Tublo Cutlery,
Brass Preserving Kettles,
Tin Ware, Window Ulats-all rir.es.
Porsons in want of the most convenient and
economical Stoves, cnn bo supplied with tho
latestimprnvod patterns at prices which cannot
fail to givo entiro satisfaction.
sr M TE ll, S. C.
flos just received and keeps always oa hand
New nnd Bonutiful Styles of
JEWELRY, F YE GLASSES, &C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY RE?
PA I KEB WITH DISPATCH.
y o ti ti JJ
WHOLESALE ANO RETAIL DEALER IN
Boots, Shoes, Hats,
Opposite J. T. SOLOMONS,
Sumter, So. Ca.
Feb 1ft tloet.
On tho Cor. of SUMTER und CANAL-ST?.
Where nil kinds of Work in tho Blacksmithing
Linc will bo finished in a workmanlike munnvr,
ami at tho shortest possible notice.
Ibo undersigned feels confident, from a scr.so
of his experience, (in thu business for tho Inst
thirty years) that ho can give satisfaction, both
in prices and in tho execution of nil work on
trusted to him.
AV. C. STANSILL.
April 20 3m
SPA UTA NBU IC G ?. H.,
KEV. A. M. SIIIPP, 1>. 1).. President and
Professor Meulul and Moral Sei ncc.
DAVID DUNCAN, A.. M.. Professor An?.iont
Languages and Literature
lt EV. WHITEFOORD SMITH, D.D., Professor
WA RH EN DU PUE, A. M., Professor Natural
JAS. ll. CARLISLE, A. M., Professor Mathe
REV A. li. LESTER, A. M., Profossor History
und Hililiriil Literature
Tho Preparatory Sch ?ol, under tho ?inmediato
tuporvision of tho Fuculiy, Jno. W. SH I PP,
A. ii., Principal.
Divinity .School-Hov. A. M. Shipp, D. D.
Hov. Whitefoord Smith, D. D. ; HOT. A. II
hester, A. M.
The first Session of tho Sixteenth Collegiate
Year begins on tho first Monday in October,
18n'J, tho second Session begins on thc first Mon
day in January, 1870.
Tho course of studies and tho stnndnrd of
scholarship remain unchanged, hut tho Faculty
now ndmlt irregular students or thoso who wish
to pursue particular studies only.
Thu Schools also open nt thv sumo limo.
Tuition per year, in Collogo Clossos, includin!
contingent feo, $i-t in Specie, or its equivalent ii
Tuition per ye ir, in Preparatory School, inclue
ing contingont'fec, 944 in currency.
Hills payable on? half in ndvnnco, Board, pc
Month, from $10 io $15 in curroiiey.
For further particulars address
A. M. SIIIPP, President.
St. Joseph's Academy.
coxt>t:cTi:n BY TUB
Sisters or Our Lady of Mercy,
SUMTER, S. C.
THE Colleglato Exercises of this
First Class Institute, will bo resumed
'un thc 1st of September. A prompt
^attendance is requested in order tn
fucililnto tho progress and nrraugo
mont of tho clnsjcs. Tho new buildings nro
spacious and olcg.mtly finished, furnishing ac?
commodations for ono hundred bonrders. Tho
extensive grounds lind piazzas aro ample for open
air exercise, and young Indies arc thoroughly
instructed in English Mathematic*, French, Ita?
lian,Music, Drawing. Painting, Ac. Ac. Location
healthy, air puro, wa or good, nnd terms reason
ablo. For particular? apply to tho Superioress of
St. Joseph's Acndomy, Sum'cr, or to tho Supo
riorossof tho Sisters of Mercy, Charleston, who
will ondonvor to tncot tho prcssuro Ol' tho times.
Nov. 10 _
I Vocal and Instrumental.
The undersigned having taken his rcsldonee at
Sumtor, will givo lessons In Singing and on the
PIANO and VIOLIN. lin will Hkowiso givo in?
structions in FRENCH, O ERM AN and ARITH?
TUNING OF PIANOS ATTENDED TO.
For further pm t ir nIn rs, apply to hld at hil
resldonee in Harria Street.
H. C M. KOPF*.
[from the Wilmington 8tar.]
GEN. R. E. COLSTON,
On the occasion of Decorating the Graves
in Honor of the Glorious Dead of
tlie "Lost Cause," at Wilmington, JV.
C., Mag 10th, 1870.
i Ladies of the Memorial Association
and fellow citizens.
A bendicent Providence hns merciful?
ly decreed that Time ?hull be t ii o
great healer and consoler of almost every
lortn of human woe. Five years ago our
laud was still reeliog with tho calami?
ties o? war. The blood was hardly dry
upou the battle fields ; tho dead were
not yet all buried ; tho smoulderiug
ruins wero still smoking, and the cohoes
of thc dosing cannonades liad hardly
ceased to resound iu our ears. All was
desolation in the present-doubt and
fear for the future. So sudden und so
complete had been our full, that we lay
! stunned beneath the crushing blow with
no strength but to sutler; no fticrgy but
to despair I
But time rolled on and brought heal?
ing upon his wings The ruined home?
steads have been rebuilt. The plow?
share has turned up the soil enriched
by the slaughter of war. The luxuriant
grass hus covered up the graves of the
fallen. Some years more, and a few
slight ridges iu tho plain, u few muti?
lated trunks iu the forest, will alone
mark the spot where rose tho bristling
fortifications aud thc red mouthed artil?
lery shot out its thunders.
And not in the material world alone
has the gentle hand of Time closed the
gaping wounds of war. It has also pour"
cd its bal in in our sorrowing hearts, lt has
soothed thc agony of recent bereavement
and defeat; it has showed us that wc have
still a country to live for; rt country
which, if wo cannot-as wc once fondly
hoped-raise to power and proud inde?
pendence, wc can still love and render
prosperous by the arts of pence, as we
made her illustrious, even in defeat, by
tho fortitude ol'our sn uggle, and now,
though many bitter things arc still to
be endured, and thc regvets for what
might have been cnu uever cease to exist,
yet the light of hope shines brighter and
brighter before our eyes, nnd speaks to
us of better days in thc future.
Hut with time andsjreturtiiug prosper?
ity, come also tho waters of oblivion,
whose rising tide threatens to ingulf all
the vestiges of thc past. Herc and there
a stricken heart, wounded to its inmost
core, and altino knowing its own bitter?
ness, will cherish its sacred grief until
Time itself .-ball bc no mote. But with?
out a proper effort on our part, there is
danger that tho corroding cares of thc
present and thc absorbing exertions for
existence may inti kc us or our descend
auls forget thc rightfulness of our cause
and thc heroic martyrs who fell in its
And beside all this, upon their
fate and history lies there not tho blight
of failure and defeat ?
Those who fall in thc anns of victory
and success need no monuments to pre
serve their memories. Thc continued
existence and prosperity of their coun?
try arc sufficient epitaphs, and their
nauics can never bc forgotten. But
how shall those bc remembered who
failed ? It is their enemies who write
their history-painting it with their
own colors-distorting it with their
calumnies, their predjudiccs, and their
passions ; and it is this one sided ver?
sion of the conqueror? that tho world at
hugo accept as thc truth, for in history
as in thc present, "Tte Viet is !"-woe
to thc conquered !
lt is true that when we thc actors
in tho late contest, shall be sleeping in
our graves, little will it matter to us
what thc world may think of us or our
motives. But methinks that wo could
hardly rest in peace, eyen in thc tomb,
should our descendants misjudge or
condemn us. And yet is there no pos?
sibility of this? They will bc told that
their fathers were oligarchs, aristocrats,
slave drivers, rebels, traitors, who, to
perpetuate, thc monstrous sin of human
shivery, tried to throttle out tho lifo of
thc nation, und to rend asunder tho gov?
ernment founded hy Washington ; that
they raised parricidal hunds against thc
sacred ark of tho Constitution ; that
they were thc unprovoked aggressors,
and struck tjie first sacrilegious blow
against, the Union and thc flag of their
What if this bo but false emit and
calumny ? Constant repetition willgivo
it something of tho authority ol'truth.
Wc cannot doubt, it. Cur descendants
will seo tl.uso slanders repealed in
Northern and probably in European
publications-perhaps even in tho very
text books of their schools (for un for
lunately we Southerners write too little)
' and ?hey may be compelled, likf-. our?
selves, to look abroad for their intellect?
ual nutriment. It is truo that our own
j immediate sons and daughters will not
believe these falsifications of history,
but perchance their children or grand
children may believe I ?icm. And those
who are still cur enemies after five years
of peace, rely confidently upon this
result. A so called minister of the Fritted
of Penco, but whose early and persistent
advocacy of war and bloodshed proves
that he obtained his commission fruin
a very opposite quarter, has dared to
say that "in a few years tho relatives of
those Southern men who fell in our
strugglo will bo ashamed to be seen
standing by tho side of their dishonored
graves." And ho who said this, mark
you, is no obscuro driveller, but, ou tho
contrary, ono of tho highest represent?
ativo mon ?f the North; ono whom they
delight to honor. No less a porsonngo
than tho Kev. Shatp Rifle Beecher, who
tendorod his Church as n shooting gal?
lery for bandits to acquire sk.ilI to mar.
der Southern meo.in Kansan-Beecher
the abettor ?nd pane ?ry st ot John Brown
the chief of those bandits-Beecher the
burning and shining light of the North?
ern Chureh, whose ntteranoes attract
thousands every Sabbath. Il? says that
in a few years tho Southern people will
be ashamed to stand by the dishonored
graves of their fallen champions.
Fellow-Southerners, whose teachings
?ind influence can accomplish more
than all other' agenoies combined to
hurl back this foul slander in the teeth
of that reverend liar ? Who can
.best guard our posterity from the cor?
rupting venom ot falsehood ? W ho oan so
implant the right and justice of our lost
cause into their souls as to pre?
vail over all the calumnies of our .de?
Your hearts reply like mino, "It is
the noble,"patriotic, unwavering women
of the South." Yes, lot me repeat this
last epithet, for it belongs peculiarly to
them. Unwavering, true to the right,
true to the South, in the past and in
the. present, as they will be iu the future.
This is neither tho time nor tbe place
for vapid compliments or fulsome eulo?
gy, and I speak only "the,words of truth
and soberness," os all of you will testi?
fy. We would bo baser than the brutes
that perish could we forget what the
women of tho South did to promote the
success of our efforts. By night and by
day they labored with diligent hands
to supply the d?ficiences of tho govern?
ment. They nursed the sick and wound?
ed j they bore sorrows and privations
of every kind without a murmur. What
they suffered no tongue, no pen can
ever express. Yet they never faltered;
they never gnvo up ; ond they contin?
ued to cheer tho sinking heurts of their
defenders, and to hope against all hope,
even when ull was over. And see how
nobly they have kept their faith. While
some men who once did gallant service
in the Southern armies have alas, turned
false for filthy lucre, where are tho ren
egodes among Southern women ? Evcu
wo who have preserved our truth un?
stained, have wo not grown colder and
more forgetful ? lind it depended upon
us alone, is there not much reason to
lear that our brothers' bones would still
lie unheeded where they fell T Not that
wo have grown indifferent or estranged;
but tho claims of thc living and tho
anxieties of misfortune have absorbed
our attention. It is theso blessed
Southern women, whoso tcuder hearts
never forget, that deserve the credit
of ull that has been done among us to
preservo from desecration tho remains
of our brave comrades. Unwearied by
all (heir labors and self sacrifice during
four ye ars ol'war, they were, like Mary,
the first at. thc^giuves of their beloved
dead Therefore to them wo may safe?
ly entrust the holy ark of Southern faith
Yes, it is for you, wives, mothers, daugh?
ters of thc South-it is lor you, far inor<
than fur us, to fashion the hearts and
thoughts of our children. Wc have
neither the time nor thc aptitude thal
you possess for training the infant miuc
from the beginning, and inclining thc
twig thc way it should grow. You ar<
now, or will bes?me day, tho mothcrt
of future generations. Seo that yoi
transmit to them the traditions aui
memories of our cause, and of our glo?
rious, if unsuccessful, struggle, thai
they may in their turn transmit then
unchanged to those who succocd them
And let thom le.trn from you that, al
though thc same inscrutable Providenoi
that once permitted the Grecian eros,1
to go down before thc Moslem crescen
has decreed thai nc should yield t<
Northern supremacy, and that wc shouh
fail in our endeavour, yet, for all that
ire were right !
And this points to another prca
lesson to bc instilled into their minds
The worship of success, no matter hot
achieved, is but too universal in th
world. In the North it is the groa
idol of thc day. Pigmies, whoso luck i
was to come upon tho stage when thc
could oppose to the 'exhausted remnant
of the South thc unlimited resources c
thc North, have been magnified int
dem i-gods and receive tho daily ndora
tions of thc multitude. So far does th i
idolatry blind the northern people, thn
they cannot understand our lack ol'adm
ration for thc tuen whose ruthless cours
deluged our land with blood, and whos
tracks were marked by thc ashes of ou
desolate homes. Still - less cnn thc
comprehend tho love, veneration an
enthusiasm, that wo still continue t
feel for our own unsuceensjul leaders.
The events of the last tun years hav
impressed upon the Northern mind thu
failure is ignominious, and that succe*
no matter how iniquitous, is tho onl
criterion of right.
It is for you, Southern matron?, t
guard your cherished ones against th
foul idolatry, and to teach them a nobb
and higher moral. It is for you I
bring thc youth of our land to the;
consecrated mounds, and to engrave i
their candid souls thc true story of Ot
wrongs, our motives and our deed
Tell them in those tender and cloquer
words that you know so well how to uf
tell them that, those who lio hero et
tombed were neither traitors nor rebel
and that thoso absurd epithets arc bi
tho raving? of malignant folly when U|
plied to men who claimed nothing bi
their right under the Constitution i
their fathers-tho right of fcll'goveri
mont. Tell them how wo exhaust*,
evefy honorable means to avoid tl
torriblc arbitrament of w?r, asking on
to bo let alone, and tendering allianc
friendship, free navigation-evcrythii
reasonable and magnanimous, to obtn
an nmicablo settlement. Tell them ho
when driven to draw the sword, \
fought tho mercenaries of all tho worl
until, overpowered by ten fold numbei
wo foll ; but, like Leonidas and li
Spartans of old, fell so heroically th
our defeat was more glorious than vi
Then from to sublime a theme tea
oar children a DO less sublime lessan.
Bid theta honor the right; jost because
it is the right. Honor It when its de?
fenders have gained the rich prise of
succoss. Hooor it still more when they
are languishing io the dungeons of op
pression, or lying in bloody graves, like
the martyrs we celebrate to day. Aod bid
them remember that no triumph, how
ever brilliant^ oan ever chango the wrong
into the right. .Next to their duty to
God, teach your offspring to love their
native Southern land all the more ton?
derly for its calamities, and to cherish
the memories of their fathers all tho
more preciously because they battled
for tbe right, and went down io unequal
strife. And should their youthful hearts
wonder at the triumph of foroo over
justice, teaoh them that tbe ways of
Providence are mysterious, and not like
our ways. For a time tho wicked muy
flourish like the green bay tree ; but
ho aboil not endure forever; aud far
better is it to suffer with the righteous
thun to rejoice with the unjust. Sooner
or later, in some mysterious way tiiat
we cannot now percoivo-in theit owu
day, perhaps, if not in ours-the trt?th
of our principles will J)c recognized.
Meanwhile, bid them scorn "to crook
tho pregnant hinges of the knee, that
thrift may follow fawning." Lot the sa?
traps of tyranny ride in state Uko Ha
mun ; but lol us and our descendants bo
the Mordecais at tho gate, refusing to do
reverence to those who represent noth*
ing but tho triumph of might over right.
Yet, while clinging to our principles
and vindicating the righteousness of our
motives, let our children learn also the
Christian lesson of forgiveness. God
forbid that thc bitterness of our times
should be perpetuated from generation
to generation! God forbid above all
that this land should ever be drenched
again with the blood of contending ar?
mies, speaking tho some language and
springing from a kiudred raco. Un tho
contrary, may He grant that the causes
of strife, being at last all extinct, peace
and harmony may prevail, and make
this land in truth, and not merely in
name, the asylum of human liberty !
It is in order that these noble lessons
may bc deeply engraved in the hearts of
our people, that throughout tho South
the memorial Associations of our genet
ous-hcarted ladies aro calling us togeth?
er this day from every town aud village
iu the lund, to the cemeteries wherein
their pious care has collected the prec?
ious remains of our fallen brothels And
it is peculiarly appropriate that this
thc 1Urh day of May, should have been
selected by almost unanimous consent
us the great memorial day of the South.
For it is on this day soveu years ago that
the greatest aud most illustrious of our
dead fellow soldiers yielded up his
spirit to his Maker, and left his country
to mourn the irreparable loss of ??TONE
WALL JACKSON 1
To-day all nature smiles genially
around us. Tho forest and tho field
Ho all glowing beneath tho sunlight.
Tho gentle breeze that fans our brows
brings naught but the perfumes of sweet
flowers and the songs of joyous birds.
In this tranquil and beauteous resting
place ot the dead all speaks ot calmness
and peace. Tho busy hum of the distant
city scarce penetrates this placid retreat,
while tho mellow sounds ot the Church
hells faintly ring in melancholy chimes,
like a sud yet soothing requiem.
But seven years ago this day 1
Shall I retrace belove your eyes tho
picture that memory brings to mine?
A scrubby growth of dwarf oaks, so
dense as to bc almost impenetrable,
blasted and scorched by the Ares kin?
dled by bursting shells, and still con?
cealing within in its gloomy depths thc
ti-i ll ca (citied corpses of t lioso hapless
wounded, too feeble to escape the fearful
conflagration. As far ns tho eyes can
reach, nothing to bo seen but that dreary
region of the Wilderness in which
Nature herself looks frowning, cveu in
thc jocund days of Spring. Blackened
ruins, tottering chimneys, crumbling
fortifications and shattered oannqn
whccls, alone murk the site whero once
stood the quiet hamlet of Chancellors?
ville. Trees riven -md shorn n few feet
above the ground, as if by some gigantic
scythe ; bushes, showing in every twig
tho fractures caused by some monstrous
hail, exhibit tho tcrriblo traces of artil?
lery and musketry. No sweet perfumes
nf Spring flowers here. To that pecu
liar, acrid smell of thc buttle field, never
to bo forgotton or mistasen by those
who huvo onco breathed it; to that
mingled odor of burning leaves, flesh,
blood, anti powder-smoke, has succeeded
the lur more repulsive scent of corrupt
ion ami deftay. Thc wholo atmosphere
is reckitiir with tho putrid emanations
from hundreds of dead horses, mid from
thousands of shallow graven; for, as wo
ride this Sunday morning over that
wasted battlefield ufa week ago, at every
step wo sec ibo skeleton hands aud feet,
washed out by the recent rains, nod
Already blackened nod fleshless. And
for fitting music in this Golgotha, not
the tunoful song of suminor birds, but
the pstiforous humming of carrion
flios. Not the pensive sound of holy
bolls On this Sabbath morning, but the
sullen roar of tho still unextinguished
forest, and tho irregular crash of burst?
ing shells, as thc flume!)* reach and
Such I remember this day Reven years
ago, on tho bunks of the Rappahannock
on tho desolate field of the great battle,
And ycf, you remember, comrades
for somo of you aro present here lo-daj
who wero with mo there-you wei
roniembnr that our veterans, inured t(
all the vicissitudes of a soldier's lifo
wrro enjoying the temporary rest nf?ci
the fierce conflict. Our dead hud beet
buried ; our wounded transported t<
moro lom?te hospitals. Our hopes wert
buoyant, for, though our groat leadei
was prostrated for tho present by h'n
wounds, we all looked forward to a timi
not far distant wheo he would agait
I lead us (o other viotories, which would
! at last bring blessed peace to the laud,
I In th? oamps of the division, when
j evening esme, the usual song ?od jest
j were heard as before, exhibiting that
i carolers gaiety so gratifying to behold,
! aa indicating a oheerful readiness (or all
emergencies. Thus it was up to that
j Sunday, the 10th of Maj seven years
The sun rose cloudless on that Sab?
bath morning-obscured only by the
smoke of the still smouldering woods.
In most of our camps servioes were held
by* the chaplains, and attended by the
troops tu more than usual numbera.*-*
None but the omniscient can tell what
prayers arose that day-many from
hearts and Hps unused to pray for
themselves-on behalf of th* beloved
chieftain who, at that very moment,
was deseendiug into tho shadow of the
dark valley. But death, which he had
so oftou looked in the fuco, hud no ter.
rors for him. Both for this ayorld and
the next he had fought tho good fight,
ho had woo the victory; and wheo iii
tho supreme hour his soul boheld the
weird river of death, his hst words
were : "Let us cross over the river and
rest under tho trees." Ono minute
moro and the oold stream was passed,
and he rests forever under those heaven?
ly trees whoso lo'ivesare for thtflpal
ing of the nations !
Ah, my countrymen, could you have,
seen and felt as I did, thc sudden
chango in those camps of tho Wilder?
ness, when the dread announcement
came that evening, "Jackson is dead !"
it would be a memory never to bo ef?
faced from your hearts. Tho sounds of
merriment died away as if the Angel of
death himself had flapped his mu file J
wings over thc troop?. A silence pro?
found, mournful, .stifling and oppress
ive as a funeral pall, succeeded to thc
voices of cheerfulness ; and many were
the veterans who had followed him from
Harpers' Ferry to Manassas, from Win?
chester to Port Republic, from Cold
Harbor to Fedricksburg, whose bronzed
cheeks wcro now wet with buming
tears, and whose dauntless breasts were
heaving with uncontrollable ?obs. Alas,
tho star of our fortunes set wheo he fell,
and thenceforth "unmerciful disaster
followed fast und followed faster," until
our meteor flag, conquered, but still
spotless, and glorious went down forever!
On this sad anniversary day let os,
therefore, remember him, and with him
all our slain brothers in arras, of whom
ho is thc noblest representative.
But how shall we, how can we do suffi
eicnt.honor to their memories. We look
in vaiu around us this day for a stately
struoturo to commemorate thoir names.
Nothing meeta our eyes, nothing but
"A simple sodded mound of earth,
Without a line above it;
With only fragrant native flowers
To sbow that ar y love it!"
Imperial Ramo, rich in the spoils of a
world, could eternize in marble ond in
bronze the triumphs of her legions ; and
the columns of Trajan us and Autoniuc,
tho arches of Titus and Severus, aro
still standing to-day to rescue from
oblivion the proud names of her OfDsars.
Greece, radiant with the prodigality of
genius, crystalizes thc glories of her past
ages in thc unrivalled outlines of tho
Parthenon, while nature itself endows
her with tho imperishable monuments
of Thermopylae and Salamis.
But alus, not for us, tho despoiled
sons of tho war-wasted South,' to build
Buch memorials to our lamented dead.
Not for us to dedicate "the storied urn
cr nnimnted bust." Yet let us not des
pond if adversity still forbids us to erect
proud mausoleums to our fallen heroes.
Tho day will come, doubt it not, when
returning prosperity will enablo us to
do this. Biit meanwhile there aro other
monuments, "net made with bunds,"
yet more lusting than brass, whose
foundations it is our present duty to
sink .-io deep that they may endure for?
ever. They are those traditions and
sentiments which live eternal in the
hearts o? a nation, and become inter?
woven with its very existence.
The Israelite, descended from God's
choseu people, nerds no lofty pilo to re?
mind him of his deliverance from Egyp
thin boudtige, so long ns tho Passover
remains to him as a porcnniul memento
of Exodus. His simple observance of
his anniversary day hus outlived Solo
mon's magnificent temple, merely be?
cause, though conquered, dispersed,
persecuted, banished, nothing has ever
made him forget or neglect the tradition
of his race. t
Well, my fellow-citizens, oppressed
and impoverished us we uro, it is in our
power to establish for ourselves and our
posterity forev?? ns unfading und signifi
caut'a memoria). Let this day become
the national Holiday of the South. Let
it be celebrated each returning year by
thc prayers of thc Church for the pros?
perity ol' the lund for which these
martyrs gave theta lives, and by the
tribute Ol' praise paid by eloquent lips.
Lot young ami old repair to th eso eon
socrnted graves, to decorate thom with
the graceful floral offerings of spring -
Let these pious and touching ceremonies
bu so cogra I'M d upon our national cu*
toms that when our descendants shall
a*k, like tho Hebrew children of old,
"What mean ye by this servieo ?" they
shall bo answered : "lu memory ol
those devoted men who fought aud died
to securo to our lund tho blessings of
liberty and self government." Let theso
solemn observances bo sacredly trans?
mitted from generation to generation,
i ano! they will remain a monument to tho
I heurts of our posterity which shall eu
' dure us long us our langunge and our
rnce-loi.g after the proudoit trophies
erected to the triumphs of our adversa?
ries shall havo crumbled into dust.
And full well do they, who?o hallowed
dust lies onto'< ) Jj)odor our feet, de
servo all tho respect and veneration wc
oan render to their momoiies. Thosf
whose scattered remains have been col?
lected herc by our Memorial AisoolaUoc
. ' N-JVj .? . < . , I ' ',
?ver I think of theuf^r^i?
devoted soldier* of jour uQftjV^JI
swell? with t?ua?r>Hd ^^^SH^Bl
the war to command ^**?|^5
troops (Vom no Ion t,u^^lljrS
our late C?? o t D d er MIttjwifl
I rocogniiod the samo^?H
ao gentle-so obedieuv "ft^pSfc^^|Hffi
knew how too?miuaod tMw?fti
otio, so constant >nd v^^rjjj
hardships that can ucvof W^jffi
being able to sny'that,
strict in roy disciplin?, "tW^^
gie one of our valiant aoldie.rfymj
degrading punishment. ^^f-yV^^0?H
ing heartily tho fuTl.ttteod
to lho8? chiefs whoso .g??ius'^SK?
our arms with PO many pp}or\ii\t^ffiR
ries, ?nd to that '?l'-^'W^Vv^^^apP^
gallant offioevs whose*.'sVw?p^jffii^^
eduoation made it ?heir'd^y^^?^^?
maud, as it waa the duty of?^t?^|Sk)^S
obey, I bcliovo that tho rank
5ur troops wero, usn iAalN,v/Mt^|^H^
martyrs ol our cause. Tho wQt^^mp'^
never know, never a^rceiate'w?W^Msy^R,
tiiiderwcnt for the yindtoatiuovtjKvSBffr5*,
country. To ?ll the nnipoakabl^^wfflw||
tica which inevitably follow?-?'I^^?MS
bloody footsteps of war, were ?dt|^d .?WW
those evils resulting from' out' ^W^iS^P
position. Cut off ft oin al!' the^'V^UsH
they daily felt the want 'or.''/fi1vHm|fls|
necessaries of life. Tho waot'df ftlwgf?'S
when thc contiouarmhroh.es toro^TJB@M
bleeding feet ; tho want of vtar'i^'^?HKi^
ing. when th<? pitiless b?nate ^-^sl^wS?
driving rains pierced thou) to.th?.JtK>jil^^sM
the wautof modiciuofl, wheo tho tVoo^nWji?
and diseases of army lifo 8M>etetff?'t?i?jq?^
upon the hard hospital bod-^Ottl^i^wn^
than this, the want of needful./lood1;^^^
enable them to support the ?xha^t??j^a
fatigues of war. Yea, fellow So'ttt??ffr^^|
?rs, the world will uot credit, ^,4^^?y^
our own posterity, perhaps, .wilt^dwS^
an exaggeration what is but the (Wrt?T|w?^
fact, as you well know, yrjta that.,i^mAQ
there. Yes, for moro t h an -1'^Jf^MB^
and weary years tho Coofcderiifojc-^
as a whole, never knew wh?t ^'
have enotigh to eat. As early: ?aCj?S^?^
winter of '63 the ConfodctaVe rtU^W^^
reduced to less than one third of t^V^?
our enemies, . which . oxpef?a\T?pe%f^'f?'vs|
proved to be necessary to supportl'*m^$
diors in thc field. Where ts- an&fi^$
example in all history ot an ?rm/i-neffti^^
er clothed nor paid, nor more tha^;*Wl$^
fed-always unsatiated, always,btfiima^^
lng for broad 'enough, aud yoi keep?u^.^
'together and battling for moro thjinwo^
lingering years of such uuparellad pti ;r},*
vationa. Aud remember boW-'tk??t>^&
starving, rnggod, barefooted pr iVfct'pif ....'<$
marched, and toilod, and fought, thjfOu'^t?'^?
tho burning SUBS of suuijter:--rthroi?j^^
tho frozen blasts of wtDter-r~^^m^H
not only the native foroes of t-Tf-?fvl^^
(had there been none orbpt^'^t?raml
would this day relato a 'differejaft.^"^^TO^ra
but also the mercenary oftcourVn^?tJf^l
nil oreutioo, collected and bought"i^iy?,:y
Northern gold ; fought until ovorjjo'jt^??^
by irresistible odds, having l^st' ;t^|^fe
best blood and the most of their brotJf'ert(V.^
tlicy yielded at last, loss to oumba^OTMKx
to famine, but snviug bright A?O('^?#^S
stained from the fearful ruin'; ' ; t?&Wo*?
sacred honor, the honor of tlio Son^iu^M^^
And who, then, wer? -they; ''-^^'f^|
humble, privates 'these atiortym??s?X$
lieroos, who were con teilt to q?jy^^^Bl
known, expecting neither jows/d, . i*^,^
fame ? Most of thom possessed Pjtjl^^V^
lands nor slaves, nor any th .Og<yP<'w^WBB
risk of their lives. JJut they thoujwflH
not of this. They gave their ?v^??pg|SS
their country, their principles, .i^jS^M
sacred right to self government, .,r>h'?r)<?jt?
ted froto'thc founders of the HaP)f|^I^H
Politicians moy have been inoapd'b.?^^'Xity
incompetent-but h t us never Tpr^^JfE^
the rank and filo, when j. roperty-'
never failed to do their whole duty^a*?jv<^
long as human nalino, oould - ondtt??',*^
with a heroism that has . never (
equaled, li a lia ut knights tbejr . .^ejfcf.faj
Nature's own trun iioblcintfn^' t^<!a|ffl^J
course might bo their garb, and uaWW-t/*^
Clich: exterior. ?iKi&ftw
"IJrtive knights, and true ns over drew f^M?m
Thuir swords with kitigti ly ItolautJ/i^V^^a?
Or died ni Sohioski's side ~;-**^2?M
For tho love of mnityr'd Poland, f'''^$9f3?
Or knolt with Cornwell'* Ironsides . ".''VTODB
Or hind willi groat I? iislftviis, \ . '.*V< '
Or on thc plains of Ansierlits
Breathed out li/oir.dy ing nv?s !"
Conn mles of those glorious day"i?f fya&??
ranks ure forever broken, and th?epfs???^
dit! r?giments whose nt irliai arrojy; t><??v^
glad bined our eyes and uar heurta frt^ngjK
never answer ng-in hut lo tho r6Hw*^)3ri
of tho la--t day W'KIH t liC I rutupfet' -e?' <*5
resnrmetion shall niuod ilia HcvcHqViojrlsXj
the D?tiiU ' V?'^5
'.Thoy sleep their In?t slenp. ?.;'
They'h iv? foirait tli-ir Issi hattie," - /.Vj.-J
''Ou Kaine's cl ero u I .?a-iiping j;r.,und .?i'^'V'B
t ur.; ?pre i<|( v i *n|^^l
And ll nor au i'd ? ?villi v.inun ro?nd ?, ".-.'jfW
Tho Ijiv. uno of tim dead.'' \ .'? Jl^S
T/ghly reit th/? sio h up in their foo-, -j
mic brcus'-s ! Oreen f.iieyijr fee . iK$',tJ
nitiutid over their s torod retutitis V t'*?jr<
tho suu at morn a. d eve kiss lovhijjiy^
its crest ; let tho gentle dowa of hp^?^jg
drop tenderly upon it ! Let the fl?iw"?Ji^
of earth and the birds ot the air
lish it with their sweotesl odor?\'*m$i<fc
most melodious Blinds, ?nd Jet lpwH|
lund,-! and loving* hearts watoh OVC.r.fflH
with jealous euro fur - .. .
"lt ehnntod praise.'. .;> ''^'tffflSm
With al! the wort t i?? listen ; ' , '
If pride, that swell* all Southam .'.l-^^TS&i
. If comrades' tears ih?t^clister?.;, . -V
If pilgrims' shrining f ive, If gr#f - \?\ '.^H
Thni nought eanH iutb >>r ?ev< f/ ?i'y^j?ffl?
If these esn eansecMt-i^<-ihii kp?i>^ *jrar5?tSH
Is sacred ground Airxver '???'? '; JQS
"9irv you have brok on yo'Jinprio^
said obe mao tji, another; 'jW "
m.iod,, I cap ?^?^f*^h*6't1?er jo^tji