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title: 'The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, June 29, 1870, Image 2',
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fc. ' i.ibuuul, nod, with 1 bis eyes blinded,
m discharge the duties ot* his bigb office,
r [Applause ] Xbat is .!( ire want. I
arraign, the members vi the present
odwiuist ration io ?uother respect I I
arraign the manner io which other Ex?
ccu t iv officers have discharged their du?
ties. 1 shall forbear using unmee Ido not.
I mean to aay thal every men of them is
corrupt, but 1 do'wean to say that there
nre-muny men who torn) a part of the
present regime, who ?ave utterly failed
k to discharge their duty with impartiali?
ty, and common decency and honor
?Sir, let us turo te the Legislature. We
don't copi plain, aud I don't complain
that our Lvgialntur$ eon tains colored
members. I believe that in accordance
with th? present state of affaira io
this Stato, they are there by right, by
iquiiy, by policy aod by principle.
Wt [Applause] They are entitled to ro?
ts presentation, and as a part and parcel
? of thei body politic, 1 ooocede to thc
t, colored peoplu the right lo? an? ample,
j? just and equitable participation in the
T' government und the affairs of tho State.
? But, sir, I contend that it is ueither to I
the intertst of thc colored man nor ot'j
the white mun that the Legislature
should be exclusively one or the other.
Ido contend that it is neither to the
interest of tho black tuan, nor to the
I interest ol'thc white mau, that, in any
I country, the labor of thc State should
j exclusively undertake to control its
jp capital. Sir, tho legislative department
of the State should not have ono intor
' est represented nt tho expense of tho
f. -oilier. I would prefer to imitate the
S . admirable custom which is followed io
T: the Constitution of tho Bavarian and
I? Prussiun councils in which all tho great
Intbiestft, religion, tho military, labor
fl und capital have their representatives,
j That is wllttt we need.. Wc stund upon
i the plut form of a good, honest and just
|?" I heartily concur with tho proposi
. 'lion which has fallen from niy esteemed
und respected friend from Korshaw,
[(J cn Oral Kershaw.] and from my not
less appreciated friend from KdgcGcld,
v. (General Butler.) And 1 will 6ay to
?'. 'tl)din and to others who have already
r shown their honor in war, that thoy ave
now preparing themselves for still more
: . enduring honors, und when success shall
have crowned this movement it may bo
ea id, as il hus been on other occasions,
.' that "penco hath its victories no less
I limn war." [Applause] I hope, sir,
? that in this admirable spirit we shall
\ go on. And, sir, allow mo to say in
. conclusion that I go with ihein further
. in the proposition that to give point to
I this movement, you must give personal
. itytoitby making your nomination
j [Applause ] Tho proposition of -lie
i gentleman hom Kershaw (General
? Kcrchuw is correct. You cannot give
. force, clnoicnoy und victory to a move?
ment like this, unless you place your
standard bearers in the Geld. (Applause).
' And gentleman I implore by all those
. considerations which address thorn
I selves to hosest men, tho citizens of the
State, regardless of color una of party,
L to unito in ono earnest and vigorous ef?
fort for thc redemption and regeneration
v of tho political nod industrial nfiairs of
I South Carolina. (Loud Applause)
Ki; M A lt KS OF COLON FI. SIMONS.
Mr. JWsitfriit. :-Since I nave had
| tho honor of occupying a scat as
j temporary Chairman of ibis Convention
? 1 have studiously avoided taking any
I tictivc part, in thc dolibrations. But thc
nominal ion of Judge Carpenter meets
? with my warm and hearty support. 1
v believe him to be tho mau who, upon
thc platform of this parly, and in my
'. judgment, the only mun iu South Caro
' lina who can lead it on to success and
! victory. (Applause) I have known
Judge Byran for many yours, but in
this matter, it is not u question of por
*. ?ona I preference or personal aspiration,
I but of tho success of that cause to whioh
wo have this day united our efforts,
v (Applause.) Sir, the question has been
( usked tis to what is the difference be
tween Judge Carpenter and Governor
Scott. Judge Carpenter carno to South
Carolina from Kentucky. Ho is a
y Southern man, but a Republican. For
j Tunear ty'.t$M> years ho has been upon thc
bench and for n longer pei tod hus
j mingled with our people in Charleston,
t and, during that time, his life has been
-, canvassed, nud it lins so commended
I him tu thc judgment of men of nil opi?
nions, until,sir, thc only regret that
i thc members of the Bur of Charleston,
: young und old, have, is that, if bc
... should he nominated hy the Convention,
? ibo Stato will lose his ?.minent services
us a Judge. [Applause] I say this,
sir, us t?Svuih Carolinian-born upon
lilis soil," whoso ancestors liuvo lived
upon it for hundreds of years, mid I
hay it conscientiously thut 1 know of no
man who, in the discharge of judicial
functions, had administered his du ?es
with, moro exactness und fidelity,
und. whose otKulal course has
met with Mich universal commendation
us tho gentleman who was put in nomi?
ji?liou by tim ilologntd from Richland
for tho sutfrngi's of this Convention.
(Applause) Ifen, .ai?, Ivo has other in?
valuable qualities, for our loader in this
..oiliest. Judgo Carpenter is ono ol' the
best popular oriUorsiu I ho United Staios
mid if ho on letti il|to this oontcnt und
receives thu firm nud united support of
tho white voters of tho Slate and? of otu*
Oolorod citizens who hnvo como- io lo
help us in tho patriotio effort,' ho ?a
voudy to tule o oft his coat and slump
?very portion ol'this Sttito, from the
seaboard to ihn mountains, (Applause )
To go Into every olenliur, prooliioL und
(.ink or KW i tu, Hid or dio, with the
causo wo have this day inaugurated
(Applause) Sir, 1 want, nu mun nomi
uaiod hy tho Convention who will stay
at homo cuntiiiifcil wj?h thut honor.
? his is a mun oft of life und death to us
and upon ?ts imuo dopend-1 all that, wo
Imvo hero boen endeavoring to ?nagi?
l i!". What is tho KCdlMi wu |n?yo hero
pit'sciiliil to us for tho first utnn in
Smith Cn i'n 11 II ti ?-n fccuuo whioh is
jioist gm.ilkina io my hunri, Two races,
h'M'oioldr-t divided by tho lu'ielilnationj
of tho oom tuon onmuy. who huvo imidc
ol' ouc'-tho Colurotf raoo- il stopping
HtmiA upon whioh they onuld riso in
H .wor and pluml<H'i. aro hmo lo day,
?vidi limul? uttixjifil, in mi effort fur our
omnnion ii'dfuiptioii. Sir, wo want a
man an mir -'an l.iid bc tm-1* who will
c..mm? ml |iiui*? If io ibo judgement nf
l.oih ol tiloso races, und who will lend
thom ' . victory. 1 uni uwiro (but ll has
bfva ?-.uni ihat tiler* l)o Ii"}?? 1W un
in the coe tesl. ?Ir. Presidia *, the tins
ha* come, ki toy judgment, when alt
the euocewr of the ?forts of thal petty
who ere opposed to ?ny active camp?igt)
(ander the conciousness that lt will-lead
to their defeat) to separate the two
races who Inhabit Sooth Carolina, will
be put en end lo. That antagonism be
tween the two races is their Ore ; bot
the moment thut tho white people grasp
the hand of the colored man in j fratur
nity. They knqw that their occupation
is gono. Then they oan no longer prey
npou the vitale of the State. Hence all
theso efforts to prevent bur colored del*
egatcs from coming to tho Convention,
and the decided efforts that have been
made to create discord among ns. Air.
President we want an active live man to
lead iu this contest, and Judge Carpen?
ter commends himself to us, becauso he
is a pronounced Republican. Ile comes
here with the stamp of Republican
?rineiples upon him. lie bas, a? a
udge, held the scales of justioe equal
and true between all, and, as I
have said, has commended himself to
tho judgement of all io our section of
Since I have been itt Columbia I have
heard rumors about him, and I have
t aced every one of them to tho oatup of
thc common enemy. (Applause.) They
know he is the strongest candidate
whom we could put up iu the State to
oppose tho present head of our Govern?
ment, who has leut himself to this sys?
tem of corruption aud fraud whioh we
are endeavoring to stop, and hence their
sinister whisperings in reference to him.
And sir, I make the prediction that if
we nominate Judge Carpenter, Govern?
or Scott will not dure to meet him on
the stump in auy precinct in thc Stato.
[Applause.] Thcrcfuro ho is the man
thut our opponents do not want to have
nom iiiatcd. But, sir, tho Charleston
delegation can bear witness to Judgo
Carpenter's standing and qualities to
fitly fill tho Executive chair of this
State. Tho President of our Chamber
of Commerce, (Mr. Mure.) who is the
Chairman of our delegation, cnn speak
with confidence on tho subject. We
have been associated with him from
every vocation iu life in our city, and
every man in tho delegation will toll
you that during his residence in thoir
midst, he has couductcd himself in
such a way as to commend himself to
our support and c'jfidenco*
Mr. President. We have but ono
common object to attain. We are in a
real fight, and we have got to take off
our coats* and it' wc act in good faith, in
accordance with the declarations we
have made to thc colored race, and meet
them face to face upon tho stump with
our candidates, I believe that success
will crown* our efforts. Tho two qual?
ities whioh our candidato must have
besides a character for intelligence,
integrity, and a familiarity with public
affair*-, ano tho ability to go before the
people on thc stump, and tho determi?
nation- to db it. Before I left for this
Convention I mot Judge Carpenter, and
asked him if ho would accept the
nomination if it was tendered to him.
Ile said that if the white raco would
sustain tho movement, ho would
stump the Stato, and whether defeated
ot successful, ho would feel satisfied
that he hud been rowared by thc effort
which he had mado against a govern?
ment of corruption and wrong.
[From tho Cnmdcn Journal.]
TaiB I!MON REFORM I* A UT* OF
Wo lay before our readers to day,
tho prooocdiugs of the Convention in?
augurating tho party of reform under
the above title, and earnestly invoke
for them the deliberate and thoughtful
consideration of every person whoso
heart is not dead- to tho sentiment of
patriotism. & set of vu 1 turc?, harpies,
jackals, and vampires, are sucking to
repletion, tho very lifo blood of the
Stute. Tho Governor, whose peculiar
province it is to guard faithfully over the
interest of tho people, contents himself
as king of the beasts, with appropriating
thc lion's share of this feast of iniquity,
having his gigantic claws already fas?
tened nt thc moment that wo write,
upon no le? than four million* of doh
lars of tho people's money, in addition
to m i I li ons thut have gone before, whose
manipulation have suckled his money
bugs lo fatness, but not to satiety. Le
irishithin has become but. another name
for stock jobbing, swindling mid thiev?
ing, with herc und thcro u sop thrown
to the boar, in the shape i>f enactments,
soothing, but prejudiced, unmeaning
and impracticable. Shameless profliga?
cy-open and notorious plunder, to the
extent of Icu? nf thousands of dollars in
single install?es, on tho part of public
oifioors-confessed and publio bribery
and corruption, controlling tho Kxucu
rive and Legislative departments ot the
government, stulk, un rebuked mid uti
whipped nf justioe, in tho open light of
Jay, while theso corrupt and shmuelcsss
officials, und legislators, trust thoir
jewelled fiugcrs-thoir gaudy trappings
-thoir costly carriages, tino horses,
??nhl mounted equipments - palatial
bouses-brazen mistresses mid more
braaen luces-contemptuously upon tho
notice ul thu land-holders, tas payers
iind working mun, wini groan under the
burthen of supporting this mass of les?
ter ?Hg corruption-(his lotion tumor
upon tho body politio, squirming with
Un own animated filth. Such partially
epitomized is the g)V.ornmont of South
Carolina, under tho ud mi ni st ration ol
ll. K. Soott, .
Mon of Carolina ! citizens, nativo and
idoptod of all parties und rucos! lion?
et pcoplo ! Shall wo make na effort to
uiva (ho Stat o from thia- itiuubo?; that
grind* U"* into tho depth omi dust of
poverty nuil ruin ?
(Jomo to tho platform of tho Union
lloform party Jt alon? can promise
my I liing Jt dqe* pfou?Iso an honest,
faithful and just govorumo/it. fisprln.
jip?os uro wfdo, deep, and truthful-it
Heindes no honest man. fl Jenders
good government and low tnxo*, ?nd
liuhU out to our distraotcd pcoplo tho
?IlfO branch of petioo-the horn of
plonty - and tho cup of prosperity.
Tho bun nor of roform is borne, as it
should bo, by an honorable loa or of tho
liopubltcmtn who has gracefully borno
tho honors of his party from the orguo*
lint iou of tho now Stuto Govoromont to
tho pr oui? nt timo, without lour mid
without, reproach. Ai? ublo, Keaton*
?iud eotitpotoul lilli Hi who stands almost
tiiuijp "? o ehainploj) fyi ?ho fumo mid
aomiaatio* ?Ul appeal tooths hearty
.apport of ?ll honest sod faithful rs '
publicans, who seek the wei-fare of the
party and the progress ol its principles
rather than their o'wu aggrandiseoaeut,
nod must meet the approval of their
enlightened and unprejudiced leaders
beyond the 8tate.
Geo. Butler, boariog a name honora?
ble sod distinguished in the annals of]
the country from the days of tho Ber?
ol ut ion, a nano that numbers its stetes
men, its warriors, its martyrs to the
canee of the starry banner of the Union,
as well ss that of the lost esnse-him
self, not the Icsst distinguished of his
noble race, is, all things ' ooosidered, a
most fit and proper representative man
of young Carolina. He blends in his
i character most happily, the prestige of j
the past with the prayers of the present
and the hopes of the future. Placed
before the poople as the unanimous
nominee of the colored delegates iu the
Convention and aooepted by that body
by acclamation, he concentrates in him?
self tie confidence and esteem of all
good men, and represents that point of
union and harmony, in this movement,
which promises so much of happiness
and prosperity io a peaceful future.
Let our people ponder these things and
prepare to do their duty in the ap?
proaching contest of truth against false
hood-virtue against vice-honesty
against roguery-progress against ruin.
WEDNESDAY, JUNES 20."
The Sumter Watchman has hy
far the largest circulation (espe?
cially in the surrounding country)
of any paper publislied in Sumter,
and toas established in 1850.
KIR. WHITTEJIORPS RBJTBOTION?
This is ono of tho significant events
of the day. It proves-whatever are the
corruptions of Congress, there is integri?
ty, that there aro good, truo, and bold
men left to defend the reputation of tho
body and of the nation, against tho en?
croachments of the worse class of poli?
M?- Whittcmore'a is au obviously hard
case, having shown himself utterly de?
void of moral integrity. His reputation
is as odious as a citizen, as it is, as a
politician. Cloaked in the ministerial
garb, uudcr the auspices of an influential,
powerful and numerous religious de?
nomination, with good personal oppear
anoe, commanding voice, pleasing man?
ner, oily tongue, and tho effrontery of |
Judas, when he kissed his master, it is
not surprising, that he should dupo tho
illiterate newly enfranchised of our
Tho rejection of Mr. Whittemore
proves that the South now labors under
thc worst cruel tyranny ever inflicted up?
on a people. It is thedeolatatiou of Con?
gress that the newly enfranchised have
neither knowledge nor discretion to cast
a vote. It deolares more than this. It
soys you shall bear what we will not
whilo your slave population rooently
freed, shall not choose for Congress, it
shall choose for tho State. Io every
interest and department, your colored
people shall not send to Congress men
who are without reputation for honesty,
if they do, wo will vote them out, and
require better mon; but this populations
shall elect your Governor, your Legis?
lature, and fill every important office in
y oar State, and your money and repu?
tation shall be at their disposal.
This act of Congress, while it is a
proper one, plaoos the body in this un?
fortunate uttitudo, that it declares Mr
Whittcmore's negro constituents who|
returnod him to tho house utterly in?
competent. Wo hope this not of Con?
gress is thc commencement of a reaotion
which shall progress until the unfortu?
nate South is placed in a better condition
than she now is.
Thc Uuion Reform Party proposes to
accept the situation just us it is with all
its disadvantages, injustice and oppres
8?veness, os thc necessity of the hour,
and to unite with honesty, of whatever
name, color or condition. It proposes
to waive all political differences to moct
tho iiiiincrgonoy of tho hour, and with
a strang arm to put down in our State,
what Congress has just opened lier eyes
to soo, unwarrantable expenditure of thc
publio funds, corruption and ignorance.
Congress, by thc rejection of Mr.
Whittcmoro, lins sounded out in ebor
tones, the true key note, honesty, as tho
first great qualification of a statesman,
which is in beautiful harmony with the
cord just struck by tho Union Reform
Party of the State, nnd both in harmony
make music which cnoountgosand glad
dons tho hoarts of our people If wc
cannot havo every tiling, let us huvo
honesty I With this os a basis, other
mutters may he improvod, without it, wo
oro in a hopoloss condition.
Tho first cannonading that wo havo
heard in our town si nco tho war was up?
on thc arrival of tho news that Mr.
Whitteinoro had beon rejeotod by an
overwhelming vote of Congress. Wo
nood scarcely odd, that tho salute was
firod by mombasa of tin. Ropublioan
Captain JAM KB WKW.MAN, a
resident of Charleston, for sixty-seven
yearn, died at his rosidonoe on Sunday
morning last, lie had reaohed the ripe
ago of oighty.fivo years. This promi?
nent citizen was long and honorably
identified with tho oommoroiul interests
of h is adopted city and ?va? mu?h beloved
fl?! hit, cxocl)t)|)t fjualilies.
l? tba course of |
. very i^tbg article lipon Charlea
Dickens' love for. hi? obi professioo aa a
newspaper aaao, aod for the associations
thalia often brought to m i od, thus
?peaka: jj ' '. -t" . . .
?Let it be recalled and remembered,
too, that the first author aod moat suc?
cessful ?aari in che world at the ti mo of
his death,' was led to his career, and
sealed it with the vardiot of peerless
aocoeaa, by the observation and culture
of bard, ti rc lois newspaper work;.- And
he whose laurels aro' now moistened
with the grief of the world waa always
?roud of his connection with tho press,
[ow gently he was wont to woe the
sunlight of hope for the London news
boya at their annual- feasts ! How
prompt was his attendance at the annual
press dinners, and how like the quiet
falling of refreshing rain waa the
dropping of his sentences on those en?
joyable occasions 1 Who of those that
wore present at the farewell Dickons
dinner, given by the press of Now York
two years ago, will ever let slip from
mind the inexpressible tenderness of his
greeting and grateful expressions at that
memorablo time? In vain did he eall
upon all bis boundless resources of lan?
guage to satisfy himself in expressing
his Tove and admiration for the press.
A mist onme over his eyes when he
essayed to speak of bis old time employ .
ment on the press, and of the kindness
with which newspapers on both sides
the water had uniformly treated him.
There was an enchantment about his
wcida which made every press man
present proud of his calling."
OCCUPATION AND LIFE.-Tho Un?
derwriter says: "Dr. William Farr,
Register General of fing?an i, has made
careful observations on tho effeot of oo
cupation on health among twelvo classes
of persons, with the following results :"
Between the ages of 45 and 55 the
proportion of deaths out of every 1000
lives was found to be : Farmers, 12 ;
Shoemakers, 15 ; weavers, 15 ; grocers,
16; blacksmiths, 17; carpenters, 17 ;
tailors, 17 ; laborers, 17; minors, 20 ;
baker?, 21 ; butchers, 28; innkeepers
aud bear dealers, 28. Although these
observations were made iu England, it
is reasonable to suppose that tho same
investigations would lead to results in
this cou n try sufficiently near the ubuvo to
show what classes of livos are io the
main best suited for insurance. It will
be perccivod that the mortality is light?
est among farmers and greatest among
innkeepers and beer dealers. This can
readily be aceountcd for by the different
mode of life, occupution, food, &o., of]
theso classes. The farmer has all the
advantages on hts side-tho pure air,
the varied charoo tor of. his life-giving
occupation, his wholesome, temperate
diet, and his removal from the influence
of the temptations to indulgonoc in dis?
sipations to which the dweller in our
crowded cities is exposed. Again, he is
freed from the disturbance and uneasi?
ness of mind to which those in trade aro
periodically subjected, aud no season is
sobadas to render the supply of his
daily wants a questionable mutter.
Among the most remarkable political
phenomena of our period aro a vacant
Throne in Spain, for which an occupant
oannot be found, and au Aot of General
Amnesty in Portugal, one of tho most
despotic countries in Europe, while in
the United States, boasting of thc freest
Government in tho world, this act of j
forgiveness is refused to th oso who, in
Radical conception aro deemed rebels.
In this there is a striking similarity
between some of the more Radical mem?
bers of Congress, such as Morton in
the Senate and Logan in thu Scnato
and1 Dogan in the House, and ccrtaio
of tho followers of Lord North in tho
British House of Common? of that day
whoso spoech was constantly garnished
with tho term rebel applied to so infa?
mous a rebel as George Washington -
We are pained to learn that Mr.
George E. Bogg, secretary of tho Poli?
cyholders Life Insurance Company, met
with a painful accident at the fire oo
Friday evening last. Tho company had
their hose extended on a tin roof in rear
of a building, nod while engaged in
attempting to get down from it in order
to move tho pipe, ho fell, severely frac?
turing his right arm at tho elbow joint.
It is hoped that his urm will be saved,
but ho will bo confined to his room for
some time. Ho is under the caro of 1
Dr. Kinloch.- Charleston News.
HOICRlKLIt ?ISATl? PROitl A SNAKE
On Friday last, while a liltlo girl
named Lucinda Whito was engaged in
company with a woman picking huckle?
berries near Savannah, Lucinda was bit
ton in tho. hand by a snako. Tho two
women at onoo started for somo houses nt
a difltaooc for tho purpose of gotting an
antidoto, but after walking a fow rods
BO violent was tho poison, Lucinda sunk
down, utterly incapublo of going further.
Her companion hastened on, but her
return with some colored pooplo shortly
after pioved of no avail, for the poor
girl had breathed her last, and was a
swollon, hideous corpse
A lotter from Ohio to a Ropub
Hean ovoning paper in Washington,
carefully reviewing tho politioal situa?
tion in tho several congressional district!1
of that Slate, produces fnot* showing
conclusively that tho Republicans'will
undoubtedly loso three, and probably
four, members in tho fall, in dud in;
Bingham and Sohenok. \^
lt VD KA I, MtlHIA.
Tho Salem Press of N C. says :
Do not IOHO sight of tho fuot that in
ordor to carry our Mate elections in the
interest of tho Rudioal leaders, the
military aro hoing organised on a war
footing, at a vast expense to tho State,
and that every dollar of the monoy thus
wickedly squandered will have to porno
out of the pooketi of .tho tnxvpnyors,
They will feel it p?noh aflora while
The annual inoome of A. T. Stewart
is 81,420,000 ; of W. B Astor,?!, 273
000; of H. T. lien.bold, 8182,1)00 ; el
Jamos Fisk, Jr., $G5,0u0 ; aud,of Cor?
nelius Vanderbilt, 840,(100
Mr. EDITOR :-^All??oai|h you have
hithorto given youraWnl to the forma?
tion of thia new party^ We do oo^ suppose
you approve of all that WAS ?aid at the
Convention recentlyheld iu Columbia.
B?% wheiheVtMa'i?e'^ w?/doubt
not your columns are open to fair j criti?
cism upc e the actioo of the Convention,
its mea?ares and its nominees.
Wo con foss that wa hive read the
proceedings with astonishment. Senti?
meats have boon uttered by Carolinians
which fill oar minds with dismay, and
oar hearts with pain. .
If the gentlemen who have giveo
their aid to the movement had entered
the Republioan Party, although wo
would have grieved over their defeot$ap,
wc oould have understood their language.
Bat we aro ot a loss to fathom tho
meaning of eertain expressions which
fell from the lips of men like Butler,
Kershaw, and Thomas, io a Coavention
held avowedly to break dowa Rep?bli?
ca-: rule in Sooth Carolina. But to
"Tut none but Republicans io nomi?
nation," says Kershaw-tho forlorn
hope of the whites in this State-im?
migration-he denounces as "un inva?
sion by all the nations of tho earth."
The colored people are, "brethren."
He speaks of tho ''lamented" Randolph,
"of unblemished reputation !" A fair
and legitimate sequel to all this negro
worship was tho same gentleman's de?
clared preference for a nominee for
Gen. Butlor declares that "black and
whito are a common people," ''there is
no reason why we (black and whito)
should not be united ia all our purpo?
ses." He admits "tho Platform is fully
expressive of the ideas of the Republi?
can Party," and assigns as his only ob?
jection to joining that party tho system
of Leagues which ho dislikes. Hebe
rates tho Scott administration becauso
they have not given the negroes offices
enough ! and caps the climax with these
words: "Tho spirit of Randolph calla
in tones of vengeance for judicial re?
Co!. Thomas, who admits that at first
tho movement was against his judgment,
now toes ia the Reform Purty the
blessings of Heaven ! He is ready to
"throw aside the prejudice of color and
race." Ho adds "we do not demand that
tho government of South Carolina
should be a white man's government."
He declares that colored legislators hold
their scats in accordance with "right,
equity, policy and priuoiple !"
Wo have confined out remarks to the
spcaches of mon of known and honored
reputation, the real leaders of tho Con?
vention. One speaker, Mr. Keitt, seems
so far, tc have out Hcioded Herod, that
his utterances foll still-born upon the
ears of his hearers. That any muu
could duro to announce such sentiments,
in an assemblage of Carolinians, is a
sufficient comment upon tho Convention
itself. "The tears and grouus of slavery
asceuded to Heaven," and Lincoln bo
came the ohoson instrument of God to
avengo the wrongs of tho negroes '
Alas ! poor South Carolina! that any
son of thy soil should utter, uorebuked",
such atrocious, such slanderous calum?
Of tho Platform we havo little to say.
Tho substantial meaning to be gathered
from its long array of "glittering gener?
alities," ia that becauso aa unscrupu?
lous and tyrannical majority has forced
upon the whites of tho South, nogro
suffrage, and negro equality, therefore
we aro bound to carry out in good faith
those unwelcome enactments. Io Oth.
er words, because we are powerless, to
tuko from the masses of uneducated
ignorant negroos that suffrage for which
they aro totally unfit, therefore we
must acknowledge that they ought to
have it, and wc are bound, in good faith,
to elect them to a full share of the offi?
ces of honor, trust and profit.
As for the candidates put forth by
tho Convention, we have a word to say.
Who is Judge Carpenter ? An adven?
turer from Kentucky who carno to
South Carolina, with bis carpet bag in
band, and in that carpet bag, an ap?
pointment os Register in Bankruptcy.
Having sucked that orange dry, and
having as is reported, oouvcrted its
sweet and golden juico into money to
the amount of sixty to ono hundred
thousand dollars, he tho Commission?
er of Bankruptcy himself becomes a
voluntary bankrupt, on the last day.
allowed by the law on which to filo his
Having thus paid his debts, he assumes
tho Judicial Erm ino and is highly
praised because he, being now safely
cnoconocd in a fat office and having no
longer tho fear of radical opposition,
condescends to decide capos brought
before bim, according to tho law and
Wo know somothing of this "Carn
penter" or more properly speaking
"Architect" of his own fortuno (through
bankruptcy) and wo cannot discover
in him thoso qualities which would fit
him for tho office of Governor of South
. In what respect Judge Carpen tor is
bettor than Soott wo oannot pcrcoivo,
except upon tho principio that the
touts''aro always good, wiso, economi?
cal and ablo, while tho "ins" aro always
rogues and spendthrifts.
Of Goo. Butler, wo would not speak
unkindly, but tho offleo of Lieutenant?
Governor never was of muoh impor
tanoo j and if the gallant genoral is eon
tent to aooept a nomination whioh Car
(foxo was roody to decline, wo can only
sny, we siooerely hope "he may not got
And now Mr. Editor whither docs all
Without reopening dead issues, we
may safely say, that our ey?tem of sla?
very was upheld and sustained principally
if not entirely by the acknowledged
inferiority of the race enslaved. Admit?
ting all that was evor urged io its d??
fende upon Bibioal and humanitarian
grounds, no man in his senses will deny
that if the slaves had been of our own
raoo and blood, slavery eould not have
existed io this enlightened ago, in thia
or any other country, for one single
When tb.*:?Javas became free by tf>
fortune* of the .wer, there WM very
' little regret loll At the South except e*
to the lode of woperty invol ved~bacause.
the whites wad long been accustom,
ed to look ?poa the -Institution, ss of
doabtfol ad va otago io an economic
point of view ; nod tad also begun to
question ia their ?w? Atinas,'the moral
right of perpetual slavery.
} Besides the war had gone against ns,
and we were not in a condition to waste
vain regrets over that whioh we cQuId
not avoid. *;
Had ibe emancipated slaves been con?
tent to remain in the condition ol freed
men, there would have been DO trouble
between the races. But nnfortunately,
a swarm of adventurers soon settled down
over the whole South, who inculcated
into the minds of tho negroes, those
doctrines of equality, whose legitimate
sequeuce waa universal suffrage.
Tfle Southern whites Conscious of the in?
feriority of the negro race, denied to all
without exception, those rights whivh
they ought to have granted to a very
limited number upon the basis of educa?
tion and property. This was an error, and
dearly have we paid for it. If we had kept
the negroes in tho position of freedmen,
and opened to them the distant but certain
goal of qualified suffrage, they would in
all probability have remained oontented
in their situations. But the opportunity
was lost, and the* sharp and unsorupu?
?ous adventurers who came io the train
of a conquering army quickly seized upon
the golden moment, and aided by tho
fanatical legislation of Congress, con?
verted the freedmen into freemen. From
that momont tbe destinies of the two
races seemed fixed in divergent - direc- |
tions. The superior raoe could not
willingly necept unqualified negro suf?
frage, bec 'se to do so was to admit
the equality of the negro race; and in
its train social equality and miscegena?
At once the entire white population
of the South, with but few and generally
worthless exceptions, withdrew from
politics, and devoted themselves to tho
restoration of their broken fortunes.
Thoy bore with patience tho misrule
of dishonesty and ignorance, trusting
to the sure, though slow, triumph of]
race, of raiud of intolloot and of wealth.
But now, some of- us have become
wearied with waiting, and instead of |
leaving the corrupt body politio to kill
itself by its own excesses, we havo deter?
mined to try a remedy. That nostrum
is nothing less than negro equality ! It
must inevitably fail, because we cannot
cure a serious malody with quack medi?
Whatever we offer tho negro, he
knows is wrung from us, by the circum?
stances of tho times, and our enemies
can and will outbid us in the game.
The negro is not,and asa rnco cannot
ever bo the equal Of the white. And
when wo, who(have lived with him as his
superior for ten generations toll him
that he is our brother, our equal, he
will not, and ought not to believe us.
Thus wc will have bartered away our
principles, without even tho poor reward
of success. The effort will fail, as fail,
it must, because it rests upon a falsity
and not a verity ; and we will be left
not only defeated but what is infinitely
worse degraded and dishonored.
[For the Watchman.]
If thc Reformers took the nearest
approximation to an honest man which
they could find among tho Republicans
in South Carolina as their candidate for
Governor, and it should appear that
Carpenter himself, is not honest, is not
this highly flattering to the rest of the
Radicals ? If their best Radical is
roguo, then what must bo their general
average ? God help us. SQUIB.
OUR UlANDI'ACHIIlINt; INTERESTS* j
The manufacturers of the North havo asked for
and obtained tho asjjstance of the National Gov?
ernment until they have become a bardon to the
pooplo at largo, and the tax paid by the United
States fot tho support of these manufacturers is
equal to all tho other taxes put togethor. Let
our mmufaoturcrs tu alt o goods of botter quality,
and at lowor prioos, than othor manufacturers,
and they can defy competition without Govern?
ment help. This, atloast, is tho plan of Mr. P. P.
Tonio, of Charleston, S. G., tho largost and most
successful manufacturer of doors, sashes, blinds
and mouldings in the Southorn States.
ritHK REGULAR MONTHLY COMMUNICA
JL TIONS OF CLAREMONT LOU?B, NO 64,
A.-. F.*. M.*. aro suspended until Ootober noxt.
E. 0. GREEN, W.% M.*
T. V. WA ran. Secretary.
TUE Subscriber having bought thorlglit of
tho DIXON COTTON PRESS, pateutod by
0- A. CALDWELL, of Coucord, N. C., for
Sumter County, ie now propared to sell indivi?
duals Rights at $25,00, or a Press completo for
$125,00. The model oan bo soeu nt my omeo, in
A. n. FRIEUSON.
June 29-lt_ _
Architect, County Surveyor,
WILL ATTEND TO ANY BUSINESS EN
trustod to him with occur toy and despatch.
Refers to FOES OK FRIENDS.
Addross, Manchester, S. C.
RESPECTFULLY OFFERS IIIS SERVICES
Land Surveyor, in Sum?
All Rosiness ol thal kind given ' will receive
prompt attention If addressed to Watchman
Ofrico, or to Bradford Springs' P. O. Via Camden.
JOHN K. GOURDIN.
June Sit _1m
GUNS ANP PISTOLS
J^EPAIRKD DY AN EXPERIENCED
WORKMEN, If left at
0. T. MASON'S Jewelry Store.
THE COPARTNERSHIP between the aa
deralgned In the praotleeof Law and equity,
under the name of RICHARDSON A MOSES,
has boon dissolved by mutual consent.
J. B. 0. RICHARDSON,
M. MOSES. .
Mav Oth 1870.
The "DEXTER," JARS
which presents advantages not
These Jars arc
BY MEANS OF A
which completely exclude the
Without permitting the
Rubber to come in
contact with the
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
may be put up
Without the use of pre
. ?' ' i' I
TJie same cans onay be used for
Price per Jar, 30 cts.
Price per dozen, $3,00.
Price per case, of six doz.
CHAS. H, MOISE & GO.,
. . fi . .. . . ... . ii
Sumter, S. C.
ti. p. BRITTON
Uti removed ber Millinery 8^ .
the New Brick Store, oeii to J ?
8OLOM0NS' wbere she bwoo kW.
oorapUto ?took of
A RICH AND BEAUTIFUL
/ \ SELECTION OF"
AND FANCY GOODS^
IX CHEAT VARIET?.
Th? ladle? are psrttculerly Invited to cell eal
examine the many novelties of tho teasoe, *a(tk
canuot fall to please the fashionable and tbosttf
G oort* erv marea eheaper, and will bo ?old ?1
Tory rea'ioQ'able term's -to snit th? lime,.
Calf at the fashionable Millinery etubltitmeit
Jun o t?
THE FIRM OF GREEN, WATSON. ?
WALSH is tBIs day dissolved by nutael eoaiett,
E. C. QR?EN ?nd THOS. V. WilH ??ft
attend to Ibo settlement of alt aocoonU of tko
fir os, etna1 are* an tb or Ired to sign its name IQ HqeJ.
ELLIS C. OREEN.
THOS. V. WAL8H.
. E. A. EDWARDS/
Sumter, S. C., June 10, 1870.
THE SUBSCRIRER8 have formed a Coptrf.
nersbip for the purposo of carrying qa . OeaW
Merchandise and Commission Business loalllu
branches, under the firm name of ORKEN 4
WALSH, to toke dato from this day.
. ELLIS C. OREEN.
Sumter, S. 0., June 10, 1870.
We cordially recommend the above firm to tU
patrons of tba old firm of GREEN, WATSON 4
WALSH, and request for them a eonttoDuetst
the favors so liberally bestowed upon ns. '
E. A. EDWARDS.
Sumter, S. C., Jone 10, 1870. _
A Large Assortment of
20? BB LS. LIME,
* AT 82 50,
300 Sacks Liverpool Salty
XOOO Bushels Corn,
20,000 POUNDS BACON,
FROM 16 io 20 cts.
200 Barrels Flout,
FROM $7,00 to 810,00.
GREEN & WALSH,
GREEN, WATSON & WALSH",
We hate made arrangements to ship
To New York, Daltlmore or Charleston, makio#
on same when delivered, and har ng it Md .?
as long as may be desired'.
We will recelvo Colton at Sumter, Lynchburg,
M ay es ville or Manchester.
Green & Walsh,
GREEN, WATSON & WALSH,
DEALERS IN GENERAL MCRCHANOISE
AMP . .
General life and Fire
' SUMTER, S. C.
THE following Companies having osmpljjj
witta tho Law, and deposited $29,000 each m
the .Comptroller Goncrel,. ofter prct?*tl<?
households against loss or damage- by firs:
Pheonix Fire Insurance Cowp?ny>oi
Brooklyn, N. Y. Cash Assets, ^ ^
Sou the va Life Insurance Company?^
Atlanta, Gc, Gen. J, B. GORDO?,
President, M. O. MORRIS, Seo'ty.
Seourity Fire Tnauranoo Company of
New York, Aeiette, $2.017.869 81.
German Fire Insurance Company ?
New York, Anetta, 1.058,054 61.
Georgia Home Insurance (kopt?J?
Columbus, Ga., Aesette, 468,781 10.
Riohmond Banking Tnanranoe Co.,
Virginia, Asaetta, 370.64*3 24.