Newspaper Page Text
:r ? . v. . . ...
VOL, XXI ' . . W?Dl^?
~~ DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. ;---:;.;-^y-J
The Sumter Watchman
(ESTABLISHED IS IM*.)
AT SUMTER. B. C., BY
fj IL BE KT ?V FLOWERS.
OD? year.,J*?M.?.?...?W???""m",,w'? ff
git inentbe... ....... i ?Z
Tbree doolbi-.*?*>.-' * ww
ot ONK DOLLAR AND M?*?fM?B fjr
loara for th? ?nt, ON* DOLLARfor the
SSS, and FIFTY ?1NT8 for a-aebaatMtarat
iSlpn. for ut porto* I- ???.? **>??. ?.?tb?
OBITU AVtUUt * R* * OT KS OF RMBPECT
?ad ?II eonaaalMUoa* which aabaarva private
loter?te, will b> paid lor M adTM?aaawate.
Co nt tribu? io ns,
[Written for tba Watch mao.]
W- BEAUMONT CLARKSON.
THE STUDY OF MATHEMATICS.
Io treating of tbe study of mathema?
tics we will take arithmetic first aa we
consider it the "corner atone" of the
"tc ai plo." It ia without doubt the most
useful and simple branoh of mathemati?
cal tcienoo, and therese first to bo |
The first attempts made in this
science by the pupil is the process of
counting, the fingers are eounted and
tho words, one two three, aro repeated
until they are associated with the ideas
of one or more, aud thus the first notions
of numbers are acquired.
In this manner the idea of numbera is
first presented to the mind by means of
scnsiblo objeots, but when the idoa be?
conies clearly understood the sensible
objeots recede and the mind retains only
thc abstract idea, the mental faoulties
become expanded and oounting upon
tho fingers and other sensible means
aro abandoned by tho pupil and he has
recourse alone^to tho emanations of his
"Science, in its popular signification,
mean? knowledge reduced to Older; that
is knowledge so classified and arranged
as to be easily remembered, readily re*
fcrrcd to and advantageously applied."
Arithmetio is the science of numbers
and is the very foundation of the exaot
and mixed soiences, and is absolutely
necessary to either a liberal or praotical
Whore arithmetio ts a science, where
the properties of numbers are coneorned,
it becomes an art in regard to the practi?
cal application of those numbers.
It should be the first aubjeot in a well
arranged course of instruction, to which
thc reasoning faculties of the mind are
applied, and should not be dispenoed
with at too carly a stage in' either a
praotical or liberal course of instruction.
"lt is the first fountain at which the
young votary of knowledge drinks the
pure waters of intellectual truth," and
we cannot refrain from here insisting
that its management should be in very
skillful hands, and we do sincerely hope
the day is fast approaching when tho
teaching of arithmetic, because an ele?
mentary study, will.no longer be entrus?
ted to the inexperienced and inoompe
tcot hands of persons who set up as
teachers in ordor to savo themselves
what they consider the more arduous
labor of "following the plow," or "sewing
garments," whioh two occupations, as a
general thing, they aro infinitely more
Indeed they labor under a most
egregious error, for wero they really to
perform their duty (provided they wero
competent) that is to teach, they would
find it infinitely more arduous than' any
employment they could engage in, for
sitting down and hearing recitations is
quite another thing to teaching.
I will here introduce what a practi?
cal teacher of mathematics says on the
Bubjcct : ''Mathematics is the science
of quantity; that is the science whioh
treats of tha^xneasuros of quantities and
their relations to caoh other. It is di?
vided into two parts : 1st, The pure
mathematics, embracing tho principles
of tho science and all explanations of
thc processes by which those,priuoipl?s
are derived from tho laws of the abstract
quantities, number and space ; and 2nd.
The mixed mathematics, ombraeing the
Application of thoso principles to all
investigations and to the solution of all
questions of a praotical nature, whether
they relate to abstract or concrete quan?
Mathematics, in its primary signifi?
cation, BS used by tho anoients, embra?
ced overy acquired soionoe, and was
equally applioablo to all branohos of
. knowlodgo. Subsequently it was re?
stricted to those brandies only whioh
wore acquired by severo study, or disci?
pline, an i it? votar?as were oalled Disci?
Thoso subjects, therefore, whioh re?
quired pationt investigation, exaot rea?
soning and the aid of the mathematical
analysis, were oalled disciplinai or math?
ematical, because of the greater evi?
dence in the arguments, ibo infallible
certainty of the conditions and the men*
tal training and development whioh snob
It has already been observed that' the
pure mathematics embrace-all the prin?
ciples of the soienoe and that these
principios aro doduood by prooeaaea ol
reasoning upon the two abatraot quan?
tities, number and spaoe. All the defi
naticoa and axioos, and all the truthi
deduced from them, are traoeable tc
those two sources. Here, then, twe
import ?ot questions present themselves :
let. How are we to attain a ol?ar and
true eonception of these quantities? and,
2nd. How are we to represent them,
and what language are we to employ,
ao aa to make their properties and rela?
tions Bubjeota of investigation ?"
?But what language are we to employ
aa best united to furnish instruments of
thought and the means of recording our
ideas and expressing them to others ?"
Tho ten characters, called figures, are
the alphabet of the language and the
various ways in which they are oombined
and put to practioaluse the study of
Arithmetic," which study are explained
in the wife, the mother, daughter, sister
besides the school mistress, should bo
practically and thoroughly acquainted
It is a study, of use to all, of absolute
importance to all, undeniably necessary
in the edueation of every one, should be
nogleoted by none, and is no where more
important than in "Female Education."
Gen, Kershaw and (be Union Re?
Wo take the following from the Au?
gusta Constitutionalist :
A recent number of your able and
patriotio paper contains the following :
".VROQBESS."-A telegram from the
Columbia 'Reform* Convention, to the
Charleston News, says :
" 'The resolutions by Gen. Kershaw,
fully affirming the politioal equality of
ali the oitizens of the Stato, and declar?
ing that none but Republicans shall bo
nominated by the convention, produoed
a profound sensation.'
"Such resolutions, coming from Gen.
Kershaw, were well calculated to pro?
duce 'a profound sensation/ The peo?
ple of other Southorn States will begin
to wish, presently, that South Carolina
had gone out alone in 18G0, if Gen. Ker?
shaw speaks for tho majority of the
That isolated telegram-regarded aa
an announoement of a general princi?
ple to direct the course of the conven?
tion-was calculated to produce the
misconstruction which you have plaood
upon it; and I so poieoived when I saw
it in tho News. lu this State, where
Gen. Kershaw is thoroughly ktfOffS,"
not only by .his brilliant war record, but
where his whole life before the war and
since is an open and well read book
where, too, the whole proceedings of
this convention are thoroughly scanned,
and where the whole platform and its
sequences (presented by Gen. Kershaw)
were examined in convention-it is
unnecessary to moko any explanation
for him or his course ; but in the great
Stato of Georgia, the friends of Gen.
Kcr8oaw aro those who only knew him
intimately during those four years of
earnest trial, when he, and they too,
blazed out an imperishable record.
They, to a great extent, will soe this
disjointed fragment; and will, with
saddened hearts, suppose that a bright
star has paled; thal Gen. Kershaw has
"changed front in tho face of the
enemy," and that that bright record is
to be tarnished.
With your permission-as an aot of
justice to lien. Kershaw-I propose to
show that he has made no departure
from any prinoiple; that now, as ever,
he is a true, pure and disinterested
patriot, as much so as vihen he lcd gal?
lant Georgians to renown, victory and
alas ! too often, to death ; that he is now
zealously battling against tyranny and
oppression, as he then was, although
with different weapons. And I know
he stands now, as he has ever stood, on
the great principles, in the great histo?
rical monument to Which your own great
Stephens has built up his own im?
Gen. Kershaw and I are in entire ac?
cord in this matter; and I propose to
dispenso with any farther reference to
him, and merely to sustain the action of
tho Union Reform Convention, which
was his platform-written by him-and
the further policy recommended by him,
but not urged upon tho convention, of
nominating, in connection with that
platform, only honcat'Ropublioans.
Tho writer of this communication was
the first (as far as ho is informed) in
South Carolina who proposed to nomi?
nate in this convention only Republi?
That it might be mistaken policy ad?
mits of argument, doubt, ana possibly
censuro, but that thero is a question
of patriotism or prinoiple sacrificed I ut?
terly deny. Surely, if the intelligent
convention to whom that proposition
was submitted, in one, and the last ono
of a series, had perceived any such de?
fection, they would not have adopted
the whole platform, excepting it, and
allowed themselves te be influenced in
their aotion by the commanding logio,
lofty tone, admirable temper and spirit,
and persuasive eloquence of the author
Hero is just the position the State of
South Carolina occupies. The peoplo
have spoken in thia convention, and it
may be regarded as the opinion of the
State. Of cous rc, I do not regard tho
present government aa the State in this
We are oonque/ed 1 We aurrendered 1
In surrendering, we gave up no princi?
ple?. We only gave up the fight. Did
General Lee and General Johnston,
when they aurrenderod thoir swords.
' acknowledge that they were stained
with rebellion, treason and the blood of
. martyred Union patriots? No! Nor
. would even the fertile, imaginative
t mind of Horace Greely think so or even
tay to .I
' Io thia politioal war which baa been
? going on in South Carolina for five
Jean, we, the people of the State, have
eeu whipped all tho time. As Demo
crate, wo uut only hare been repeatedly
defeated, bat are io auch a hopeless
minority, svrrouoded and overpowered,
that we "give up the fight." We have
not surrendered, nor do we propose to
surrender, any principle ; but we pro?
pose no longer to disturb evory relation
and interest of the State by a worse than
bootless struggle. And I have yet to
meot tho first man who proposes for the
State of South Carolina a stand up
D?mocratie fight for this summer's
campaign. This negative position having
been universally adopted, what next?
was the important inquiry. Should we
stand still r Inaction would soon place
us in the icy embraoe of despair, where
sleep is death ! Should we hold our?
selves, as proposed by one of our most
intelligent and patriotic citizens (Colon?
el Rion), as a ?balance of power" party,
waiting for a division ? A ?balance of
power" party must be a minority. When
it becomes a majority, it is power-not
a balance of power. If it wait for divi?
sion, it may perish hefore division oomo !
Let us look, for our guidance, to the
condition of our enemies-the present
government of South Carolina. They
are not Republioans ; they arc moro
adventurers and plunderers 1 Their
strength is the cohesion of plunder
their weakness the division of the spoils I
No doubt Colonel Rion perceives this,
and, able in military movement, as he
is a lawyer and metaphysician, con?
templates a flank movement worthy of
the ?groat old battalion ;" but we all
hero know that the division of spoils
has again and again threatened division
among this party, again and again to be
cured by plundering from us another
million to soothe tho wounded spirits of
the disaffected. Wo cannot survive this
waiting ! Colonel, move up the noble
old Seventh and create a division I Now,
how ia this to be done ? Shall wo march
up with colors flying and band dis?
coursing the inspiring charge 'I Shall
wo seek cover and try the flank ? That
would do, if we intended a Democratic
fight and viotory ; but we intend, could
expect, no suoh result. We believe that
the polioy of the Northern Republcan
party is fastened on us for the present !
We recognize the amendments of tho
constitution enforced on us as ?verities"
or ?accomplished facts." We do not
proposo to combat them, nor docs any
one in the State that I kuow of. Rut we
do not therefore proposo to ?He supinely
on our backs !" Wo do propose to re?
form the administration of the govern?
ment of this State. This is our pressing,
great necessity ! A necessity as urgent
to all decent Republicans aa to ourselves
of the "old line." This motive alone
prompts the act ion of tho "Union Re
form Party" of South Carolina. A party,"
nerved, I believe, by the most sincere,
devoted and unselfish, patriotism ! To
evince to all the disinterestedness of
that patriotism--to gain a moral strength
with Republicans at the North, many
members of tho convention were
anxious-nearly ull woro willing to
nominate only Republicans, and earnest?
ly to support them for office and in
office. Now, this is our offending
The convention did not reject the pro?
position-it was never submitted to
them. The white representatives in tho
convention were, as far as indications
were given, willing to nominate not
only a Republican, but a colored Re?
publican ; but tho colored dc lerra tes
insisted that, as the lower eountry had
a Republican nomineo for Governor, in
Judge Carpenter, tho up eountry should
have a nominee from the "old line" for
Lieutenant Governor. And they nomi?
nated the gallant and distinguished
Butler-a nomination which was unani?
mously sustained I
Thc people of South Carolina may be
mistaken in the results of this move?
ment. They occupy a most embarrassing
position. "Rescue"-immediate rescue
is necessary. They must win that rescue
by fair, open, honorable mean?. They
cannot and will not consent to try any
other than frank and honest means.
Was any other oourse left us, consistent
with honor, but to say to Republicans,
?We do not ask you to surrender your
principles. We do not proposo to
surrendor ours. Wo profess no ropont
aneo fer the past, for that would be to
lio, but we ask all honest. Republicans
to join us in saving the State from utter
ruin und disgrace ; and we evince our
sincerity by baying, it is your govern?
ment, take it and administer it, fill tho
offices with honest, Republicans, and we
will sustain them."
In this wo peeeivo no desecration ol
the past. Time and events, friends dnd
foes show us, alike, tho truth of thc
great principles for which we have
suffered. Tho course of our cnomy
justifies and proves thc post, and your
immortal Stephens has already stamped
tho record of history.
TIME.-When I look upon the tombs
of the great, cvory emotion of envy dies
in me. Whon I read the epitaph of tho
beautiful, ovcry inordinate desiro dies
out. Whon I soe tho tombs of tho parents
themselves, I consider tho vanity of
grieving for those whom wo must
quiokly follow. When I see kings lying
over those who deposed thom, when I
soo rival wits placod sido by sido, or
holy men that divided tho world with
their contests and disputes, 1 reflect
with sorrow and astonishment on tho
little competitions, factions and debato?
of mankind. When I read tho several
date? on the tombs of some that died
yesterday, and of somo, six hundred
years ago, I consider that great day
whoo wa shall all of us be contempora?
ries, and make our appearance together.
Thc Grand Duchess jaokots, mado of
crimson cloth and embroidered with gill
braid, are vory fashionable for breakfast
and house wear.
[From the LouUf ill? Courier-Journal.]
FRAYIlfG VIVDEB DIFPICUJLXIK9.
A Confederate Story of Ute Rebellion.
It waa in the golden prime of the
August of 1802. It was at .Chat?
tanooag.. It was uoder the guardianship
of that beautiful brown peak from whose
fair look-out not a note, save notes of
lovo, had yet boon sent. It was on tho
banks of that groat stream whose silver,
many*multiplying horse shoe had never
kuown a hostile pontoon bridge. It
was a day of thanksgiving, for we
thought wo had something to bo thank?
ful ubout. Nay, in those days we were
easy to please, and, withal, somewhat
genial, if not jocose, in ?ur dealiugs
with Providoneo. Bo this as it may, it
was a day of thanks giving, and a groat
number of offioers and soldiers had oome
up from tho front to do a little church
going and a little courting, and more
especially, after this combination of
piety and sentiment, to hear the fa?
mous Or. Palmer, of New Orleans.
Tho church was crowded. Not a
pew was vacant, not a scat unocoupied,
and chairs had been placed up and down
tho aisles. Gold lace and cocked hats
and cavalry boots and prettily mounted
sabres wore mixed up indiscriminately
with ribbons and muslins and tho pro?
fuse whimsies, jim oraks and fal-lals
that cuter into tho mysterious and am?
bitious finery of a woman's, of many
women's, summer dressing. It was, of
a truth a sight to seo. Without, five
hundred horses hitched carelessly to
trees, and dusty streets and quite pas?
ture lauds flunked round about by tho
picturesque Tennessee hills. Within,
a tropical flower garden, quite peaceful
in its loveliness and warlike iu its splen?
dor. Bo ?uro the perfidious thought of
tho hated Yankeo perished before it
cutorcd tbero. Bo suro thero was not
in the mind of all that multitude so
Uiuch ns tho coho of the idea of an ad?
vance of the enemy.
Br. Palmer was in the pulpit1. Tho
congregation had been looking and
listening with curious attcniiou while
ho read some announcements and gave
out a hymn. Tho hymn was sung sen?
toriously and then bogan thc long pray
or, everybody standing, .and not thc
rustle of a frock nor thc clunk of a spur
disturbing thc serenity of thc moment.
"O, Lord," tho good man was saying,
"give us grace iu thc midst of war, to
do God's service on earth of pcaoc and
good will to men; make us, amid thc
tumult find rack of arms, as still and
S?Ci! I" thc service of God as tho ever?
lasting hi-(bang 1)-hills"-(whew I)
It was tho ringing report of a canuon,
and it came from ovor the rivor, fetch*
ing a twelve pound schrapncl with it.
This it deposited iu the centre of a
group, who were watcjiing the horses
aud carriages. Two moro followed be?
fore thc preacher hud time to complete
his sentence. Ho did complete it,
h jwever, in a very measured and solemn
way. But the spirit of tho Lord could
not wholly nnd on thc iustant subdue
the impulso of poor weak human na
turo, he consternation was immediate
and intense, and yet, strange' to say,
not noisy. Thero was a singlo cry of
alarm. A number of officers, who had
posts of duty to fill, quitted the place j
two or three ladies approached thc door,
but Dr. Palmer did nut budge a muscle
nor alter his tone. Ile proceeded with
his prayer as tho shells carno faster nnd
ibo din grow louder. There was just
never such a prayor prayed out of a pul?
pit. Thc mau stood up thero glowing
in tho summer light and answering
every hos; ilo shot with a messngo of
Christian love, and the noise, great us
it was, did not drown a word. He
prayed for everything, and for every?
body. At one timo it seemed that he
was about to turo his attention to tho
gentlemen on thc other side of the water,
and pray for their poor souls, too. It
was, indeed, a "long prayer." * As thc
leaden devils came whizzing - over tho
roof and cracking through tho trees
thc ungodly rascals had got tho range
of the church exactly-as they buried
themselves sullenly in the ground under
tho windows or exploded frightfully
among thc beams or against the stone?
work, tho hearers might havo thought
tho preacher would never como to an end.
To bc sure, this was well enough for Dr.
Palmer. Ho had an uncommon good
thing, albeit the pulpit was the most
exposed position, and every ono expect?
ed to see him drop any moment; for,
prnying ho wa-, ho had only to dio and
go to heaven straightway in a hand
basket, or any othor ready conveyance,
suro of a blessed immortality for his
fume in this world, and hisapirit in thc
world to como. Tho rest were, however
not so suro, and it will hardly surprise
tho rcador to learn that they waited
nervously. They may bc said to have
been very nervous. But, finally, after,
exhausting tho catalogue, after stretch?
ing tho long prayer to its longest, aftur
praying for nil sorts and conditions of
men, beasts, birds nnd things, tho
preacher sounded tho ready words:
"And tho gract of our Lord, and tho
love of God, and tho fellowship of tho
Holy Ghost, bo with you all now and
forever. Amen." Then quietly de?
scending from thc pulpit, ho added :
"Tho congregation is dismissed j" and
tho people moved out of tho church,
and thence out of thc rango of danger,
amida raking fir o that continued to pour
across tho river. It was an advance of
tho enemy's oavalry outpost, with a bat
tory of four pieces of light artillery.
The party had crept ir. ondor Bragg's
olbow, which was very long and almost
always akimbo, and it glided baok un?
punished as it had como unexpootod.
-- A ooquetto is described as "a rose
from whioh every lover pluck? a loaf."
'I he lovers do leave her-that's a fact.
Mon of means arc often the rocanos
. Muy y?wr? ago, a temperance meeting
waa held in a oertajo village. A little
boy who lived !o the village, wat very
anxioua to go, aod pursuaded hie father
to take him. The boy never forgot
that meeting, and ho wroto the aooount
of it years afterwards. One of f he speak?
ers at the meeting waa an old man.
His hair was white, and his brow furrow?
ed with ago and sorrow. When he arose
to -speak he said :
"My friends, I am an old man, atando
ing alone at the end of life's journey,
Tears are iu my eyes and deep sorrow ia
in my heart. I am without friends, or
home, or kindred on earth. It was not
always so. Once I had a mother. With
her old heart crushed with sorrow, she
went down to her grave, I onoo had a
wife-a fair, angel hearted eieature as
over smiled in an earthly home. Her
blue eyes grew dim, as the floods of
sorrow washed away its brightness and
her tendor heart I wrung till every fibre
was broken. I onee had a noble* boy ;
but he was driven from the ruins of
h?B home, and yet my old heart yearns
to know if he yet lives. I onoe had a
babe a sweet lovoly babe ; but these
hands destroyed it, and now it lives
with Him who loveth the little ones_
Do not spurn mo, my friends," continu?
ed the old man. "There is light io my
Bveniog oky. The spirit of my mother
rejoices over the return of her prodigal
ion. The injured wife smiles upon him
who turns baok to virtue and honor.
The child angel meeta me at night fall
ind I seem to feel his tiny hands upon
my fenverish check. My brave boy, if he
yet lives would forgive the sorrowing
Ad man for treatment that drovo him
mt into the world, aud the blow that
maimed him for lifo. ?God forgive me
forgive me for the ruin I have brought
upon all that were about me.
"I was a drunkard. From wealth and
respectability, I plunged into poverty
ind shame. I dragged my family down
ivith me. For years I saw the cheek of
my wife grow pale, and her steps grew
vcary. I left lier alone to struggle for
-he children, while I was drinking and
ri?ting at the tavern. SIK lover com?
plained though she and tho children,
)iten went hungry to bed.
"Ouo New Year's night, I returned
at.o to tho hut where oh ari ty had given
is shelter. My wifo was still up, aod
shivering over tho coals. I demanded
ood. She told me there was none, and
hen burst into tears. I fiercely order
id h or to get mcsouoo. She turned her
lyes sadly upon me, tho tears fall
:!!? fsR?. 0w?r her palo cheek. At this
uomcnt the child in the eradlo awoke,
md uttered a ory of hunger, 'startling
he despnring mother, and making now
lorrow in her breaking heart.
.'Wc have no food, James; we have
iad none for several days. I have notti?
ng for tho babs. O ! my once kind
tusband, must wo starve ?" ,
"That sad, pleading faco, and those
breaming eyes, and tho feeble wail of
he child, maddened me ; and I-yes, I
?truck hera fierce blow in the face, and
he fell forward upon the hearth. It
comed as tho furies of hell wero raging
? my bosom, and the feeling of the
vrong I had committed added fuel- to
he flames. I had nover struck my wifo
>cforc, but now some terrible impulse
Irove mc on, and I stooped down, as
veil as I could in my drunkon stato,
ind clinched both of my hands iu her
"For morey's sake, James 1" exclaim?
ed my wife, as she looked up in my
iendish countenance, "you will not kill
is? You will not kill us ? You will not
?url Willio ?" And sho sprang to the
?radie and grasped him in her arms I
mught hojT again by the hair and drag?
ged her to tho door, and ns I lifted the
ateh, the wind burst in with rf cloud of
mow. With a fiendish yoll I still drag?
ged, her on, aud hurled her out amid the
larkncss and storm. Then with a wild
augh I closed the door and fastened it.
lier pleading moans and the sharp
sry of her babo mingled with tho wail oi
ho blast. But my horrible work was
"I turned to tho bcd whero my eldest
ion was lying, snatched him from his
il umbers, and against his haifa wakened
itrugglcs, oponed tho door and thrust
tim out. In tho agony of fear ho ut?
ercd that sacred name T wus no longct
worthy to boar. He called mc-V AT II KR
tod locked his fingers in my sido pocket
[ could not wrench the giaspaway ; bul
with tho cruelty of a fiend, I shut tlx
loor upon his arra, and, seizing my knife
severed it at tho wrist."
"It was morning when I awoko, and
tho storm had ccasod. 1 looked arounc
Lo tho accustomed place for my wifo
Asl missed her, a dim dark scene, as o
?orno horrible nightmare, came over mc
I thought it must be a tearful dream
but involuntarily opened thc door witt
a shuddering dread, As thc door opem
cd tho snow - burst in, and something
fell across tho threshold with a dui
heavy* sound. My blood shot like melt
cd luva through my voins^nnd I covore<
my eyes to shut out tho sight. It wa
-O God ! how horrible-it was m;
loving wifo and her bubo,, frozen t
death 1 With true mother's love, sh
had bowed herself over tho child t
shield it, and wrapped nil horolothin
around it, and leaving her person ex
posed to tho storm. Sho had plaood he
hair over tho faco of tho child, and th
sleet had frozen it to ils palo eh eek.
Tho frost was whito on the lids of ii
half oponed eyes, and upon ila tiny fm
"I nover kifcw what became of nt
Hero tho old man bowed his hci
and wept ; and all in the house we]
with him. Then in tho low tonos .
heart broken sorrow, he continued :
"I was ariested, and (or long monti
I was a ravingmaniao. W henil recovero
I iras scntonood to tho pone'entiary f
ten years, hut that was nothing to the to
tu rea I havo indured io my boo o m. And
I desire to spend the little remnant .o',
my life io striving to warn others not to
enter a! path which has be?u BO darle and
fearful to me."
Wheo the old man had finished the
temperan oe story the pledge waa pro?
duced ; and he aaked the people to come
forward andi sign it. The father of
the boy referred to leap from' his seat,
and pressed forward tosigo the* pledge.
Aa he took the pen in hand, he hesita?
ted a moment. . . '.,! " .
"Sign it, young man, aigu it," said the
venerable sneaker.. "Angels would sign
it. I would writo my name in blood,
ten thousand times, if it would undotbe
ruin I have wrought, and bring back my
loved and lost onca."
The young man wrote, "Mortimer
Hudson." The old man looked. He
wiped his eyes and looked again. His
face flushed with fiery rod,-and then
a deathlike paleness Came over it.
"It is-no, it oannot be; yet how
strange !" he muttered. "Pardon mo
sir but that was the name of my brave
The young man trembled and hold up
his left arm, from which the hand bad
They looked for a moment, in eaoh
other's eyes, and the old man exclaimed :
"My own injured boy 1"
The young man cried out
"My poor, dear father 1
Then they fell upon eaoh other's neok
and wept tears of ponitence and forgive?
Under this head the London Graphic
prints a sensible articlo, whioh in so
many points is quite applicable to sim?
ilar phases of society in this country
that we commend tho following para?
graphs to the attention of our roaders :
It seems to us that nothing could bi
better calculated to hinder marriage
than the present system of domestio
economy, etiquette? and hospitalities.
In the first place, the excessive luxury
and display m whioh upper* and middle
ranks indulge, forbids anything liko
easy.intercourse between young people.
What with tho waton oostlinessof dress
entertainments, and other family items,
very little remains to be spent upon
evory doy comforts and every day enjoy*
mont. In a largo per centage of cases
lhere is no doubt that the balanco is on
the wrong side, and that tho people not
only live up to the utmost they can af?
ford, but afford themselves just a trifle
more than they can pay for. Con sc
gently a certain fit??CCtyped aoale of
living is adhered to, at what cost tho
pictims of conventionalism and the wor?
shipers of fashion only know ; and
much moro rational gratifications are
The diversity of family interests,
ii oreo vcr, is an offshoot of the self same
?vii. Whilo girls' lives have so little |f
m common with the lives of their broth?
ers and fathers, who can wonder*at the i j
)bjeotionablc way in which somo of
hem find amusement for themselves?
The Germans express thc diverse intor
?sts and unsympathetic existence of a i e
family circle in one word, "Unzu9am
ncngehorigkoit, which, literally trans
ated, is altogether belongingness, and
t is just this that we complain of in a
larger sense. Not only as members of
families, but of society, our unzusam*
ncngehoriglceit is a growing evil against
?vhich every one ought to struggle.
Is it impossible to enjoy the society
}f a cultivated woman unless she wears
i dress decollete exceedingly ? and is a
nan not to bo considered clothed and io
Ins right mind who is not habited io
black trowsors aud swallow tail coat?
All this is absurd enough, and generates
serious inconvenience and extravagance.
And would it not be wise to adopt a
atore sensible stylo of evening dress,
which would enable people to walk to
eaoh other's houses ? There can be no
ioubt that the low gowns and cumbrous
head drosses of ladies of tho present
Jay, or rather nitwit, aro relics of a'
barbarous age, aud must some time or
ithcrgivo way io a more sensible out?
Thero is yet another point to consi
ilor. A mun oLcn remains unmarried,
not because he prefers singlo life, but
because he is too conscientious, and too
unselfish, to condemn a young woman
Durocd in luxury, to poverty and tho
auxictics of uu uuccrtain livelihood
It seems to us that a grcvious rcsponsi
bili ty rests upon patents. In this
matter, at least, they should take a little
heed for thc morrow, aud consider their
dauglitors, notus mero pretty playthings
iu tho house, but as rutional beings
who will, sooner or later, faro the hard
realities ol' life, und it may bc, unaided
nod alone It is nonsense to affirm that
thc extravagance ol' the agc is obliga
tory. Wo could do our duly us citizens,
parents and Christians, quito as well,
and perhaps belier, if wc rosolutoly ad?
hero to thc principle of living within
our incomes no matter how small. Wc
could meet Old ago twice as cheerfully,
and what to parent* is harder >?till-tho
middloago of our unmarried daughters,
if wo had placed thom beyond thc reach
of tho penury that depresses, tho disap?
pointment that sours, and tho despon?
dence that demoralizes.
- Tho sweetest of straius-trying to
lift a pretty girl on a h orso.
-Thc frog docs not remember when
ho was a tadpole, but othors do-there
is a moral to this which somo might
profit in remembering.
-Love, tho toothache, smoke, a
cough and a tight boot, are things
which oannot bo kept a ?-corot rory
-- Many persons take advice ns they
do physic-lo fling it aside tho moment
thc Doctor's buck is (urned.
' T / WHAV??BN TUINK. '
GiBLs. S nou LD LEARN TO. KEEP
HOUSE.-No young lady can bo too ?ell.
?rjbtrjicted In anythig which will
affect tho comfort of a family.
Whatever position in sootety ?he
oocupicR, sho needs ft practical knowl?
edge of household duties. She may bo
placed.in such circumstances that it
will bot bo necessary for hor to perform
much domestic labor; but on-this ac?
count she Oeeds no l?s? knowledge than
if eho was obl?god to preside
personally over the cooking stove und
the pantry. Indeed, 1 have thought
that it is moro difficult to direct ot hera,
and requires moro experience, than to
do the saino work with our own hands.
Mothers aro frequently so nice and
particular that they do not like to give
un any part of thc care to their children.
This is a great mistake in their
management, for they are often burden?
ed with labor and need -relief. Ohildrou
Bbould be early taught to make them?
selves useful ; to assist their parcuts
every woy in their power, and to con?
sider it a"privilege to co so.
Young people cannot realize thc impor?
tance of a thorough knowledge of house
wifery ; butthoso who have suffered thc
inconvenience and mortification ol igno?
rance can well appreciate it. Childrcu
should bc early indulged iu their dispo?
sition to bake and experiment in various
ways. It is often but a troublesome
help that thoy afford ; still it is ? great
Etdvantago to them. I know a little girl
who at nine years old made a loaf of
bread ovcry week during thc winter.
Her mother taught her how much
yeast, salt and flour to use, and sho bo
jamo quite an ozpert baker* Whenever
die ia disposed to try her skill in ma?
king simple pies or cakes, sho is per?
mitted to do so. She is thus, while
imusing horsclf, lonrniug an important
csson. Her mother calls her little houso
ceepor, and often permits her to get
?hat is necessary for tho * table. She
langs the keys by her side, and very ,
nusical is the jingling to ber cars. I
hink before she is out of her teens, upon;,
vhieli she has not yet entered, that she
viii have some idea how to cook.
Somo mothers givo their daughters
he care of housekeeping, each a week
)y turns. It seems to mc a good ar
angement and a most useful part of ?
heir education. Domestic labor is by
10 means incompatible with the highest
legree of refinement and mental culture.
Many of the most elegant, accomplish
?d women I have known, havo looked
veil to their household duties, and have
lonored themselves and their husbands
>.y BO doing.
Economy, taste, skill in cooking,
nd .neatness of tho kitchen, have a
?rcat deal to do in making life happy
nd prosp?rons. Tho charm of good
lousckceping is in order, economy and
?ste .displayed in attention to little
hings; and these things havo a wonder
ul influence. A dirty kitchen and bad
coking have driven mrfny a one from
lome to seek comfort and happiness
omewhero else. None of our excellent
firls aro fit to bo married until they arc
horoughly-educated in tho deep and pro
ound mysteries of the kitchen."
At the close of last year twolvo criin
?ala were executed in Pekin. They were
onfincd on thc ground in a sort of ,
wickerwork cage, from which there issu ,
d at times rt song or curso, but never u
omplaiut or sigh. At fifty yards dis- ,
ant was a covered tent for tho mandu.
?us who presided. A long table, cov
red with ted doth was placed in thc
oidst. Tho place of execution was
bout sixty yards from this tribunal, so
.laced that thc condemned were obliged
0 pass before their judges. At length
ho permission of the emperor arrived
n a yellow box, which was respectfully
arricd by a caviler, whose hors ? was*
ed by a footman.. A sudden thrill ran
li rough the crowd, caused by thc arri?
val of thc first victim. On a placard (
lied on his head .was writteu*his natue 1
ind his. crime. -Lcd before thc man?
larins, tho President nsk'ed him "Yesa." '
l?o." Thc condemned (upljed "Ve or
Then his sentence was read,11 rid he was 1
cd away toward thc exccMfioncr, during j1
vhioh ibo elofliOB were striped from \\\a '
ljipcr portion ol' bis person. Then an
Ute mia nt, passed a thong across Iiis
iioulh, fixed it under his chin, crossed
tat thc back of hi", head, ?iud brought
t forward so us to close hi? eyes. The
icad was then thoroughly bound. This
lone, they threw him ou his knees, and
me pulled thc shoulders toward him
?vii i le another pulled' thc end of tito
hong in au opposite direction, so as to
itruiutHo neck for the sword of thc tx
>cutioocr, which does its dreadful work <
da single blow. The heads were theo |
carried to thc mandarin1'. Six wcru '>
jcheodcd and six strangled, * tho latter ,
lentil being considered less infamous I <
limn the former, because, fiCOOrditig to 1
tho ideas cf i he Chin?se, thc first will 1
irrivo headless in the other world.
A HEH HOT Up/ronr.-Ala social
party, a few evenings since, rh oro was,
prcsont ono of our young bloods, wlmso
abundant supply of annum locks often j
occasions bim to bo made thc subject of
unpleaacunt jokes und remarks, lt j
sometimes happens, however, that our |
fricud comes oui first best, n? *was tile I
casa on tho ovening in question Thc 1
unpleasant subject had been brought np,]
when ono of the party, with more valor1
limn discr?tion, attacked Ulick its fol ?
lews : "I suy, I ll Ink, how came yunto.
Imvo red hair ? Were yon afflicted with |
a rush of blood to tho head ?'' ' No," j
replied Ulick) "it must have been
Cftusod by a rush of bruins :o tho ht ad
a" disease from which you will never
Trouble* aro li ko bible?; ?hoy grow1
bigger b.) nursling.
" .' ii fi
Highest, Style'of titi
11I1B undersigned would nott rarptetfally
. announce (o the. people of SutuUr and tur
roundtng countryhas no have Just received ?v
SPLENDID LOT PF
TV/E Ci X- To 1 ? ?
?Mid is now prepared to receive ?nd execute or?
ders of nil kitido iu Lis line, with ueaieets and
?RO?T RAILING I'l'RNISIIED TO ORDER.
W. P. SMITH,
SUMTER, S. C.
WYO* 17 tr
BALT?M?RE ANO WILMINGTON
Weekly Steamship Lino. '
. ( O.l?t'OSUO Of
Thc First Class Steamships.
(H. L. 11A Til J, Commander.)
(I). C. CHILDS, Commander.)
Ooo of tho above Steamships will loavo BALTI?
MORE and WILMINGTON every
forming a Regular .
W ti JJ KL Y LINK,
ind the only authorized through connection with
Wilmington A Manchester Railroad.
COTTON and other Produce consigned to oar
caro will bo shipped to BALTIMORE by first
Having corhrod Wharves in WILMINGTON'
md BALTIMORE, goods can bo received at all
limos and bo-proporly protected.
A. B SU EPPERSON A CO., Ag'ts,
Nos. ll and 12 North Water Street.
April 27 Wilmington, N.O.
100 years a score t~
?*3k? Cures as by magic
S&~ 1,000 persons testify
Bgk, Pains, wounds, and sufferings
COT Physicians uso and .recommend*
85.00 pots ordered daily for
hospitals and public institutions
in all parts of the U. S.
PHOBE JJAKER SALVE
all Cuts, Burns, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers,
Cunaors, Sore Nipples, and Hr ken Breasts,
Chapped Lips and ILinds, Eruptions, Chil?
blain?, Bites or Stings ol' Iiipecii, Ac
A WONDERFUL CURE FOR PILES.
'nt np in 60c. titos (and $ I pots for families.)
lil Druggists evoryivhcro solMt.
DON'T BE ONE DAV
Without it in the House.
'CostnrV Kat, Uoaoh, &o.# Exlermiua
'CostarV (^lirjuirl) Bcd Pug Exter.
'Contar'?" (only puru) Insect Powder.
'Co>tnrV (only surc??vmc0y) Corn
^r;.. SOLD everywhere
Ask fur ''Cl ?STA KV (lake no filhor.)
?l, t'A, anl $.i sitos, frier from
COSTAR CO.. I!) Howard St., N? V.
QOODUICH, WIN RM AN & CO,
('//M!LISTON, S. O. '. .
May 4 ly .
J A M K S C A L D AV li I L .
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Bob ts, Shoes, Hats,
Oi'puiile. J. T. SOLOMONS,
vi m t e r, So .Ca.
Feb 1? I foll.
J KS S ?2 XU 'J Si Of S,
Attorney and Counsel ol; at.*La\v,
BUMTIflVS. ?; :#v
? . . * . .' ; .
W" WILL rilACTlCl-r iu-iill th?
('..mis..! thu Third, judicial < 'Iri'urfPMm i\? ibp.
Su)iriliii) C?nrl ul Churje.lon and i. "inuibi*.
,M;iy ho ?vtnsiillud ?i p.) Ot eui .ii '..'-uniter jsj.ii. u- .
man" Offieo. . .
GUNS AND TISTJL?
J> H P A I ll K l> UY AN EXPKitlKttCKD
Hi U il ICM KV. >f Iflh "I
r i :.t .\.:.oN'd Jwwe'.i> s?ora.' .*w
M.irch 0 1