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VOL. XXI _ WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 17. 1870. NO 17.
<wl_ Xl -eo DIBIO? Kt Don? Fersatet.?Vir*, N
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE. MORALITY AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
Ll_ WU III I IS ll I
The Sumter Watchman
(ESTABLISHED IS 1850.)
VBRV WEDNESDAY HIOBNINO
AT SUMTER, S. O. ? BY
GILBE RT St FLOWERS*
Ono year.,.$3 00
Sis mouth*. 1 ftO
Three months.M. 1 00
AD V KUTI S UM KN TS inserted at th? rata
of ONB DOLLAK AND FIFTY CBNTS par
aquar? for th? Ant, ONE DOLLAR for th?
BccoQ J, and FIFT? CENTS for each subsequent
insertion, for any period lei? than three month?
OBITUARIES, Till BUT KS OF RESPECT
and all communication! whion subserve privat?
a tor?? ts, will be paid for ai advertisement*.
J. E. SU ARES,
HAS ON HAND A LARGE STOCK OP FUR?
NITURE, for leta than can be obtained in any
Southern markot, saving both freight and risk of
breakage by Railroad. With experience ia thia
brandi of business in tho City of Charleston, for
twenty fivo years, and having the advantages of
tbo best Manufacturers, he ls offering first class
work of which every artlele ?old is warranted.
Tho stock constats of
Sofas, Side Boards, Book Gason, Wardrobos
Washstands, Bureaus, Cottage Setts, Whatnots |
Mahogany, Caneand Wood Seat Rooking Chaira I
Mahogany, Cane and Wood Seat Setting Chairs |
Truudlo Bodsteads and Cottages Bedsteads
Every stylo Looking Olassea and Mattrasse*. I
FIVE HUNDRED PAIR WINDOW SHADES |
just received, together with a lot of WALL PA?
PER AND BORDERING.
Main Street, opposite Express O?ice,\
J. E. Snares,
TUE ONLY STRICTLY
Grocery and Liquor House |
THE UNDERSIGNED,bega leave to j
cnll tho attention of his friends and tho |
public generally to his
NEW AND WELL SELECTED
Heavy and Fancy Groceries
Willoh ho offer* low for CASH ONLY.
All articlca warranted as rccommcoded
?BB* Pure Modioinal Liquors kopt constantly
J. II. EBERIIART.
April 13 tf
TUE undersigned would most respectfully
annuunco to tho people of Sumter and sur?
rounding country has ho have just received . |
SPLENDID LOT OF
IVE Ck, rbi o ?
and is now prcpnrod to receive and execute or*
dors of all kinds in his linc, with nearness and
IRON RAILING FURNISHED TO ORDER
W. P. S M I T H,
SUMTER, S. C.
C. T. MASON, j
SUMTER, S. C.
Has just received and keeps always oa hand |
Now and Beautiful Styles of
JEWELRY, EYEGLASSES, &C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY RE
PAIRED WITH DISPATCH.
O. F. HOYT.
"^yOULD respectfully inform his frionds|
and tho publio of Sumter, and unjoining counties,
that he bas recently roccived a oholco ??lec?
LADIES' AND GENTLEMENS'
SPECTACLES, &c, &c,
His stock embraces all ??the latest stylos, and
will bo sold at reasonablo rates.
Sept 20 _
Architect, County Surveyor,
WILL ATTEND TO ANY BUSINESS EN
trusted to him with accuraoy and despatob.
Refers to FOES OR FR?KND8.
LOTH AIR, LUCK OF ROARING CAMP,
Curiosities of Litoraturo,
Old Curiosity Shop,
and nil tho lato publications of the day to be bad
at publisher's pricos,
At TUE SUMTER BOOK STORK.
??JiuX X Milli JMJJD XrLf?M ltU?T.
BY MRS. B. ANDERSON.
-~"W? eunik? oar lives sublime,
And departing, lear? behind us
Foot prints on the sands of time;
"Foot prints that perhaps another,
Sailing o'er lire's solemn main,
A forlorn ana shipwrecked brother,
Seeing, shall take heart again.
"Let us, then, be ap and doing,
With a heart for any fate;
Still achier lng, still pursuing,
Learn to labor and to wait."
"And bow do yon employ yourself,
when school ia ovor V asked Hugh Lan*
rte of one of bis companions.
"Why, I play, of course," replied
i laude Danvers, whom he had address?
"What 1 all the evening, and on holi?
days also ?"
?Yes, indeed 1"
"And do you never study ?"
"No, thank you : I have enough of
that in school-hours. Is a fellow never
to have any enjoyment?"
"Yes, certainly : and I love a game of
ball, or a good race, as much as you do.
But what will that avail when we grow
up ? It is essential to acquire knowl?
"Oh, bosh 1" And Claude turned
away from his friend in disgust.
Let us follow those two boys to their
It was a lovely afternoon in June.
The sky above was a oloudless blue, and
tho sun's rays lighted up every objeot,
(rom the lofty, glittering spire down to
the poor, cheerless alley. What a pity
to pass such a day in a orowded, pent?
up city ! How glorious it would be out
in the wild woods, away from the heat
and dust and shadowless streets !
On? of the boys sauntered along, as if
overpowered by thu exertion, to a hand?
some, brown stone house with marble
steps-for Claude's father was a rich
merchant. He flung down his books
and hat, and threw himself upon a com?
fortable lounge, saying,
"Oh, any one can pick them up !"
A plate of strawberries and cream was
prepared for Lim.
"Minnie," he called, "bring me anoth?
er spoon ; I have dropped mine some?
So his little sister attended upon him
-not Irom love, but because she feared
to disobey the youthful tyrant.
"Now, I'll take a nap," said he.
"Wake me up when supper is ready."
Let us look upou a more pleasant
Hugh Laurie walked briskly to his
some, a little four-room house in a quiet
lut-of-the.way street. He hung up his
tat, put aside his books, was contented
?vith a drink of cool water, and thought
itrawberrics-without the cream-a de
?ghtful relish to his supper.
"Have you any crrauds this evening
"Yes, my son : a dress to send home,
[t is a long way and too lonely for
Katie ; but she will be glad to walk
vith you, this pleasant evening."
Hugh sighed, but not audibly. He
cit weary, and had to stud,) several
cssons for the morning; hut, never
ni nd, he could rise an hour earlier.
Mi, how wise it is to make light of
ittle troubles ; to hoed them not, but
jut them asido as we pass by. Imagine
:ach one merely a straw, and sea how
hey accumulate, aud how the pleasant
iat li way is crowded, hiding the bright
lowerets and green leaves from our
new. . ,
Mrs. Laurie was a widow. During
ier husband's lifetime they had known
>etter days, but their means died with
lim ; and since then, it was hard work
o support herself and two children ;
lut she struggled bravely on, submit?
ing to many a deprivation for their
lakes. Seeing the bent of her son's
nind, she endeavored to procure him
t good education, and for that purpose
he poor mother toiled early and late,
[n tne evenings, Hugh was his sister's
cacher,-unknowingly to himself
strengthening his own mind as his stu
lies of tho day wero simplified and im
)artcd to his willing pupil.
"Oh, brother, what a kind lady !
She has given me these flowers, and
ent mo such a beautiful book ! said
vatio, returning from the houso where
ihe left tho dress, to her brother, who
md waited without. "Hero's mother's
noney : you must carry that."
"But what is thc book, sis ?" for tho
rcry name of book had a in agio i ti fl n
?nee upon Hugh.
"A work on botany, with engravings :
[ ohose it myself. Now, I shall find
mt so much I wished lo know."
What a pleasant sight it soon became
o watch those children examining and
ossifying their flowers, and consulting
ho botanical treaties to learn their
And Katie dreamed she was trans?
lortcd into fairy-land whoo she went to
>ed that night, and every flower she
)chcld was tho home of a littlo fairy,
ilappy Katie ! may your dreams always
ie as sweet and innooont 1
The summer with its beautiful bios
toms, and tho autumn with its rich
raits, came and wont. That long va
jation also was onded. How differently
iad it boen passed by the two boys !
Jlaudo lounging about during the day's
ieat,and in the cooler hours of the
?vening playing round the door,-the
'hateful books," put away out of his
But poor Hugh !-no, he is above our
>Uy 1 Hugh earned many a dollar du
ing those weeks by hard manual labor; '
md thore on his bookshelves, were the '
ividenco of his industry aud determi
talion. "I bought them myself," he j
vould proudly exclaim, as ho pointed
bern out to his admiring friends.
Occasionally, the brother and sister 1
inssed a happy day in the woods,
Hugh in reading and ia meditating on <
shat he read, and Katie io gathering ?
treasures for her loved study.
But alta I th? poor mother fell Bick.
She had over-worked herself during
the worm weather, and before the win?
ter had ende tl, Hugh was compelled to
leave school, that by his labor he might
help io the support of the little house*
hold. Though his employment was
distasteful to him, laating from early
morning until sundown, the brave boy
toiled on' uncomplainingly, growing the
more manly by his self-denying disci
The former schoolmates seldom met,
for Claude looked down disdainfully upon
the soiled, rough garments of the stone
outtor's boy, and if aeoompanied by oth?
ers did not even stay to speak to Hugh
as he passed him by.
A few years went over. Diligence
and firm purpose and integrity met with
their reward, as they always will in life.
Hugh Laurie, then a fine, noble looking
youth, was apprenticed to a marble
mason. After tho day's labor he at?
tended a drawing olass, and, determined
to attain success, left all his foHow-stu .
dents far behind him. With a eorreot
eye and fine taste, he drew designs, and
skilfully moulded them into form. A
group of leaves, or classic vase under
his patient hand, always took graceful
outlines of beauty. In time, at an Art
exhibition, a prise of merit wss awarded
to Hugh ; and from that day ho received
higher wages and held a bettor position
in bis profession.
"Wish me joy, Katie," he exclaimed,
joyfully, as he entered the room at the
close of the week and laid down his
"See the consequences of perseve
"Ye ,, Hugh ; and since I helped
mother, we have so much work. To?
day two young ladies oame us appren?
tices ; but oh, Hugh, guess who one of
them was !"
"Indeed, that would be impossible,
not having thc timo to make the acquain?
tance of young ladies."
"You will be sorry so hear. It was
Minnie Danvers. Her father is now a
bankrupt. Their fine house and splen?
did furniture are sold ; and Minnie says
she will now have to earn her own liv?
ing. She is only fifteen,-one year
younger than I am ; but she has such
olovcr little fingers, and such a willing
disposition, that wo shall soon teach
"And Claude ?"
"Minnie was crying about him to-day.
C'laudo really does not know bow to do
anything, lie tried a situation in an
oOico, but oame so late every morniug
that he was dismissed; theo another as
book keeper, but for that he was not
competent. Is it not a pity ?"
Her brother was silent. Memory
carried bim back to the old schcol days
and the former wide disparity between
Claude and himself. Hugh did not feel
triumphant now, though one was rising
and tho other descending ic tho social
scale ; but be was thankful for having
had the privilege of toil.
"It is sad, indeed, Katie; but it veri?
fies the old, trite saying, 'Better rub
than rust V "
"if you had possessed his advantages,
what might you not have been !" and
the young girl gazed admiringly upon
"Sister, you and mother never knew
wbut I suffered in being compelled to
leave school before I had time to gradu?
ate. It was my aim and hope to study
for the ministry. I used to picture
myself ordained and appointed pastor to
some sweet country place, where I could
offer you both a quiet, pleasant home,
but our early dreams are seldom reali?
zed, I believe. We see now how much
better it is that we have had to fight
our way in life's battle. But poor
Claude, unable to work, what will be?
come of bim ?"
"They have powerful friends, Hugh,
and may be assisted."
"I thank 'Our Father' for thoso he
has given rae !" and Hugh held out his
two strong, brown bands.
"Oh, no ! Those were but the slaves
of the will : this, the master-spirit, to
order and control," and Katie's delicate
little hand touched his brow.
"My children," oalled thoir mother,
"you seem to be holding a philosophi?
cal argument ; and the supper is grow?
ing cold. So plcaso to postpone it, and
oomo in the other roora."
I wish you could see the houso where
the Lauries now live,-a fow miles
away from tho great Northern oity,
where they passed those years of
poverty. It is surrounded by a large
garden, and tho variety of shrubs and
flowers makes a pretty study. And
Katie bas also a conservatory to shelter
her exotics and tendor blossoms in
severe weather. Hugh goes daily to
the oity whero bis business gives em?
ployment to many men, while his own
skillful hands perform the purely artis
tio portion of the work.
An? Hugh is cow a well known sculp
tor, and has acquired both wealth one
renown. What prizes may not indorai
table energy achieve ? Contrast thes<
two boys, my young readers, os wo firs!
met them : for it is in youth wo shoult
look forward to manhood. And, likt
Hugh Laurie, work, if only at first lowly
as he did.
"Gathering from the pavement* orevioe, a* i
floweret of the soil,
The nobility of Ubor,-the long pedigree- of toil.1
- An Ohio editor is getting particu?
lar about what ' ke eats. Hear him
"Tlie woman who made the butter wbioi
we bought last week is respectfully ro
quested to use more judgment it
proportioning tho ingredients. Tho las
batch had too much hair in it for buttor
?nd not quite enough for a waterfall
There is no sen io in making yoursel
baldheaded if butter is sixty-five conti
- An eminent physician says mos
sosos of typhoid fever are caused by fou
gases arising from feather-beds.
the North Carolina Victory.
THE PRINCIPLES OF THE REFORM
The Negroes Assured of Good Faith.
FELLOW-CITIZENS : We congratulate
you upon the complete and coble victory
which you have just vron at the ballot
box. A victory of troth, j ust ?co, liberty
aud law, over corruption and high hand?
ed usurpation and tyranny. Let us
enjoy our triumph with the same dig?
nity and moderation which characteri?
zed us aa a people, before and during
the excitement of the eleotion.
It waa the polioy of some of tho lea?
ders of our opponents, to drive vs into
violent resistance and efforts were made
to do so by repeated instances of law?
lessness and oppression. But thanks to
the good sense of our people they failed,
signally failed, in their wicked purposes,
and the whole American people now
see too plainly to be misled in the fu?
ture, that the military movement set on
foot here, was gotten up upon false
pretences by desperate men, for the
purpose of carrying the election and
keeping themselves in power.
Seeing the rising indignation of the
honest people of the State, suffering as
they were from all the ills arising from
ft wastoiul and corrupt administration of
the State government, and that all was
lost to them, unless something could be
done to avert popular condemnation,
they deliberately planned and attempted
to execute tho desperate sehemo of
military violence whioh the country has
Been enacted, in the hope and with the
expectation that tho people, alarmed,
overawed and helpless, would tamely
yield thir rights and allow thc olection
to go by default. The result has shown
how much they were mistaken in the
character of the peoplo in North Carolina
We vory well know, fellow oitizens
that this is not a mero party triumph
true it is, the viotory has been won in
the name of our party. But let us not
Forget that is a victory due in a great
legree to the uprising of honest and
conservative men of all parties. The
alection returns show that thousands,
who in tbe former elections voted with
.ho Radical party, have come to our aid
ind helped us to win tho signal triumph
.vh?ch -;ow gladdens our hearts. Even
.he colored race, controlled as it hither*
;o baa been by ovil counsels and gros?
misrepresentations of our motives aud
purposes as to them, in many portions
)f the State, in very cousideruble nura
jers, broke away from the trammels in
vhich they were bound and materially
tided in swelling our majorities.
To the colored people wo say, fear
lothing. Wc pledged ourselves in thc
egislativc address issued in March last,
hat all their rights under the constitua
ion and laws of the oountry, in case of
?ur .success, would be alike respected and
protected with those of white citizens.
Time will show that these pledges will
>e faithfully redeemed. Wo know that
ifforts will still be made to alarm, de?
udo and mislead them, for without
heir aid the faction that has just been
lefeuted, will hereafter be powerless
The interests of thc white and colored
aces in North Carolina are the same,
md what injures one will surely and
nevitnbly result iu injury to the other,
jct there then be uo strife between
hem. Let each respect tho rights of
he other and peace and harmony will
The Governor of the State, as you are
.ware, has assumed to himself the right,
kt bis will, to have arrostcd any citizen
if tho State, and to detain bim at his
?leasure, although the highest judicial
ifficer of the State has decided that the
?rivilege of the writ of habeas corpus,
ccured by the Constitution of the State,
annot bo and is not susponded. Never?
helcss, the Governor has refusod
ibedienco to such writs when issued by
ho Chief Justice. The guilt or inno
lenceoftho parties held in arrest bas
lothing to do with this matter. A great
[ucstion of civil liberty is involved, and
to free peoplo or a peoplo fit to be free
rill over consent to yield it. Let the
>urtics seized and held in custody be
urned over to the civil authorities. If
nnocent, let them bo discharged, if
;uilty of any violation of law, let them
>o lawfully tried and punished.
Fortunately, whilo tho Chief Justice
if thc Stato has declared himself powor
css to have thc law practically enforced,
hero is full protection given to overy
litizon by the constitution and laws ol
he United States, in such cases, and we
.rc gratified to inform you that.Judge
brooks of tho United States District
Jourt, has issued writs of habeas corpus
n tho ?amo of Ute United States, or
Icring the parties held in custody to bc
trought before him, in order that tho
auso of their .seizure and detention may
te enquired into, and relief be granted
f they should bo entitled to it.
Will the Governor have theso writs
ibeyed ? Wo hope so. But thore are
amors abroad that ho will not. A few
lays at the utmost will determine. This,
lowcver, wo can safely say, that if he
cfuscs obedionce to tho writs he will
v ly plunge deoper into difficulties.
Tho law of the land, in overy well
egulated system of government, must
ie obeyed. Ho who contemns its ?om
naods may, for a time, evade tho con
cquenccs, but in tho end he will surely
ie held to strict account, whether ho
its in high places or is found in thc
lumblcst walka of lifo. None is to
ligh as to bo above the law, and none
o low that it will not roach him.
Our earnest, wish is, and we aro suro
hat it is the wish ot tho great mass o
ur peoplo, that pcaco, good order and
bedicnoo to the lawn of the land may
rtvi.il in every part of the State.
Wo have just eloctod a Legislature, a
irgo majority of which is composed of
mea ot character and intelligence. We
oan now look forward with confident
hopo that the State government hereaf?
ter, entrusted to honest and capable
hands, will prove a blessing and not a
curse to our people, as it has beeu during
the present State administration.
THOMAS BRAGG, Ch'm.
A. S. MERRI MON.
M. A. BLEDSOB,
J. Q. DEOARTERET,
JAS. H. MOORE,
CHAS. M. BUSBEE,
JAS. J. LITO H FORD,
Domoor?tio Conservative Cent. Ex. Com.
[From the New York World.]
A FEW FKIKNDLY WORDS TO TUB
We are not auoh novioes as to be un?
aware that the people who volunteer
advioe are not likely to be repaid with
thanks. We also understand that it is
not quite in aooordanoe with the time?
honored prinoiples of the Demooratio
party for poople of one State or class of
States to counsel the people of another
State or class of States respecting the
management of their internal conoerns.
We nevertheless feel impelled to ask
the attention of our Southern breth?
ren to a few words of truth and sober?
The oppressive domination, under
whioh the South suffers is a domination
from without, and there is no reasonable
hope of redress exoept by relief from
external tyranny. If the South possess?
ed freedom ot internal action, unasked
advice would indoed be intrusive and
impertinent. But that seotion can be
relieved .from the incubus of Federal
domination only by Democratic victories
in the North ; and this is a valid apol?
ogy for tho advice we presume to
offer. As the Soutb needs our aid,
it must not spurn our friendly counsel.
From 1860 down to the present time
many leading minds in the South have
been afflicted with political blindness.
It was a supremo act of political folly
to split the Charleston Convention by
the lamentable schism whioh brought
two Democratic candidates-Douglas
iud Breckenridge-into the field against
Lincoln, and secured his first election.
The Northern Democrats who abetted
that schism were syoophanta of the
South, not real friends. Prominent
imong them wore Ben. Butler, who
aromptly deserted to the Radicals ;
Daniel S. Dickenson, who took office
luder Mr. Lincoln ; Caleb Cushing, who
tas been the paid counsel of successive
Radical administrations ; and John A.
llix, thc submissive tool of Lincoln and
Seward in shutting up the offices of]
Democratic newspapers. These are spe?
cimens. The supporters of Mr. Doug
ass, on the other hand, pitched their
jrofessions of friendship in a lower key,
mt have maintained them to tho present
lour. If Mr. Douglass had been elect
id, we should have had no civil war,
md the South would have been exempt
rom its deplorable train of consoquenocs.
The wisdom of Douglas consisted in his
torroct appreciation of the tone and tem
)er of the Northern people. He saw that j t
he safety of the South depended on a
itrong Northern alliance, and that such
m alliance was practicable only on a basis
>f moderation. What was true in 1860
s trebly true now, when thc North has
?till greater weight and preponderance ;
vhcu tho Radicals control every depart
neut of the Federal governments,and n
argo majority of the State governments,
fhe South can be relieved ouly by North
trnDemocratio intervention, and North
tm Dcmoarats may claim to understand
he publio sentiment ofjlhissection better
ban our impracticable Southern broth
en. Unless they will permit us to act
ipon our better knowledge of tho situa
ion, they must resign themselves to
he tender mercies of Radical domina
Wc tell thom therefore, in all candor t
nul plainness, that they only rivet their c
mains by further opposition to negro t
uffrago. lt is not by negro
rotes that they aro oppressed, but by
vhitc votes. It is vain for thom to io
?cribe on their political banners that
hey are a "white man's party" so long
is their tyrants consist of a Congress
ilectcd by whito votes. Negro suffrage
s the resnlt of a white movement. The
logroes did not ask for suffrage till the
viii to Radicals put it into their heads.
The negroes would vote rightly enough,
f the white Radicals did not mislead and
lecetve them. Tho infamous reconstruct?
ion laws wore passed by a Congress, in
vbioh tho South were not represented at
ll; by a Congress, therefore, which was
rholly elected by white constituents. It
s not by negroes that tho South is op?
pressed, but by white men; ?ts most dan
;erous encu?e.) aro tho white Radicals
if the North ; and it is ridiculous to ox
icct redress from "a whito mau's party,"
rhen a party nf white men arc thc au
hors of all the mischief. Is Grant a no
;ro '( Is Holden a negro? Was old Thad
Itovens a negro, or elected by negro
onslitucnts ? Ibu not Europe grouncd
or ages under priestly craft and kingly
yranny, without a negro among all her
pprc8.sor8 ? Aro the English oppressors
f Ireland negroes? Wa? Poland dismcui
ered by negroes ? Is Cuba held in sub
action by a nation of negroes ? unfortu
at ely, a great part of human history eon
ists of recitals of white tyranny und
ppression ; and nothing could bo more
reporterons than to expect justice from
a whito man's party" on thc sole ground
hat. its members are white.
What the South needs to bo roscuod
rom is tho domination of the white
iud ic.il party of tho Nort h, whioh has
ontrolled Congress for ton years. The
outhorn peoplo would havejno difficulty
i managing tho negroes if they worn
-ced from whito Radical interferor.ee
xcrted through the F?deral govorn
lent. In North Carolina, it is Holden's
lartial law, backed by Grant's bayonets,
li?t keeps the State undor Radical
ontrol. In Georgia, the Radicals dare
not hasard an election, ?nd the Legisla
I tnre ts passing an ?ot, under color of
Congressional authority, to continue
the present Radical officers in authori?
ty beyond the term for which they were
chosen. It is not negro toting, but
outside Federal pressure, that ia the
unmanageable element In Southern
politics. The only means of relief is a
Solitioai revolution in the North, and
outhern Democrats must conoede that
our opportunities for knowing the North
aro better than theirs.
We ask the Southern Demoorats to
reooguize the fact that the North is the
real battle-ground of political freedom
for their section. Here, where the
viotory is to be won, if won at all, we
have no negro voters worth naming.
It is a contest between two parties of
white men, and a perpetuation of the
old quarrel about tho rights of the ne?
gro only strengthening the enemy. The
negro question is the only one on which
the'Radioal party agree ; it is their only
prinoiple of oobesion. The surest way
to prevent the disintegration of the
Republican party is to keep that ques?
tion alive and continue to farce it upon
the country as a politioal issue. The
Demoorats can become a majority only
by drawing off some Republioan votes ;
but on the negro issue, the Republican
party can easily hold its own, and so
long as it retains the control of Con?
gress, there can be no freedom in the
South. If that seotion will heed the
timely advice given in the Democratic
Congressional address, and drop "dead
issues," wo can easily revolutionize the
lower branoh of Congress in this year's
elections, now close at hand. We ask
the Southern Demoorats, both for their
sake and for ours, to put no obstaelo iu
the way of our achieving this viotory.
Wheu the Federal government is once
more in Domooratio bands, we are quite
willing they should manage their local
politics in their own way, and will not
then intrude upon them any unwelcome
REFOBn IN EOGEFIELD.
Speedie? or Kev. Jona? Byrd and EX
[Correspondence Charleston Newt.]
EDQEFIELD, August 1.
To day at high noon a large audionce
gathered in the Courthouse to listen to
i speech from the Rev. Jonas Byrd, of
Charleston, a prominent colorod man of
the Union Reform party. He has been
here for some days on business connected
with the interests of his party. The
Courthouse was filled to its utmost
capacity, and at least one-half of tho
ni dieu co consisted ot colored men. The
Rev. D. D. Rrunson was called to the
di air, and Robt. A. Lynoh and George
Sinikius, colored, wero requested to aot
ts secretaries. Tho speaker was in?
troduced by the chair, and spoke* at
ength on the issues of the day. He
laid that he had served as a delegate
from Charleston to the Reform Conven?
tion in Columbia, and that tho platform
idopted by that convention guaranteed
o his race all the privileges and fran?
chises that were vouchsafed to them by
;ho constitution and the laws of the
and. He believed in the honor and
ntcgrity of the mon who composed thal
sonvention, and ho believed that when
hey pledged themselves to that plat?
form that they meant to carry out theil
il edges in good faith. All that is neoes
lary for tho welfare and prosperity ol
tis people were seoured to them by thal
))atform, and that ho had espoused thc
sause of tho Reform party beoauso lu
louestly believed it would bo to thc
jeuefit of his race and of all tho people
>f tho State for it to triumph over th?
lorrupt government now in power in thc
State. He had been told that he hoc
leserted the Republioan party anc
urned his back upon his race. H<
Icuouoccd it as a falsehood worso that
hat which the devil had perpetrated it
ho garden of Eden. He was as good i
Republican as any in the State Sau
he speaker, whilst in the convention ii
Columbia, 1 bad the honor to addres
hat body, and standing in my place '.
icld out my right arm and said that, i
'. believed that I was doing aught t
njuro the wolfaro of my rnco, I wouh
; u lier this arm to be out off or tobecom
dithered at my side before I woul
uffor myself to bo made a tool of to op
tress my people. I repeat it here tc
lay, that I would enduro any tortu
>efore I would become a willing instru
neut in depriving them of any of thoi
ights. Hu said that the Rep?blica
nany had raised up a great wall c
>rejudico between the black people an
ho white people of South Carolina.
L'hat carpet baggers had como iuto th
State, and told the colored people tbs
hey were their friends, aud that thc
ind set them free. He denied it. Th
var was nut fought for that purpos
They were freed by the Providence <
?od. These carpet baggers availe
hcmsclvca of that plea to get into of?o
ind they bad been thieving and pim
lering tho Stato ever since. He sai
nany of them carno hero without
econd shirt to their backs, and now, i
wo years, they wero revelling io luxur
nd boasted of their thousands aud thu
cns of thousands. Ho showed un tl
Mi os ph. a tc bill ; charged tho Lcgislatu
rith the most unscrupulous and ut
dualling bribery and corruption ; sa
hat tho Land Ring had stolen nine
housand dollars at one dash and und
he cover of one transaction ; that tin
iud purchased lands in lancaster ai
Iscwbere, which were not worth tt
lullars per acre, and sold them to tl
roed people for eight dollars per nor
hat they had voted fifty thousand do
Etre for the support of froe schools at
ppropriatod thirty one thousand ai
ive hundred ot this to pay tho sehe
ommissioners, besides a heavy sala
o the superintendent of education, ai
ie had no doubt that tho pittuuee tb
i II" j tiiiiri-itni i i .
WM left had been stolen belora it reach?
ed its legitimate destination. If these
be our frisad*, God ?are us fro SB our
friends ! Th? speaker ?sid that the
Republican party did not deny that
thora had been corruption and dis?
honesty in that part/. That it was too
glaring and flagrant to be denied. He
referred to the enormous taxation, and
asked what benefits had been oonterred
upon the masses.
He also showed up a few of the
transactions of the Edgefieid County
oom mission ere. He said be hsd il from
the best authority, (the books of the
internal revenue assessor,) that there
were thirty-fir o licensed liquor-dealers
in Edgefieid County. The county oom
missioners had charged fifty dollars the
first year, and one hundred dollars the
seoond year, whiob would mske upwards
of $5000 for licenses, and that they had
only made a return of twenty-two Hun?
dred dollars collected by them in two
years. Another gigantic swindle and
fraud upon the people. They had
charged the country thirty-five hundred
dollars for their services, when they
should not hare oharged moro than five
hundred. Still another instance of the
fattening of public officials upon the
spoils of office, wrung from the people
by dishonest means; and at the same
time the poor people who sat ou juries,
and did other small jobs for the public,
had to hawk their tickets and drafts
about the streets and sell thom for fifty
ocnts on the dollar..
The above is but a brief synopsis of
the telling and scathing speech of this
honest pioneer of tho colored men. He
was listened to rery attentively by all
parties, and was frequently interrupted
Governor Bonham was then oalled
upon, and he responded in a short and
spirited address. He said, among other
things, that he was glad to welcome to
Edgefieid suoh moo of the Republican
party as Judge Carpentor and Mr. Byrd,
and that he could take them by the hand
and call thom his fiiends. At tho dose
ot his speech the meeting adjourned.
Within the last few days there bare
been good rains in some portions of tho
county where they were greatly needed.
They were not general, however, and
some sections are still suffering. The
crops are now about laid by, ?nd except
tho few sections abor? alluded to, they
are said to be doing rery well. J
TUB " W111 TX Ii ?TCO It li PARTY.?*
When suoh a man as Whittemore is
not only re-elected to the pisos-ia Con?
gross which he dingraced by his
corruption, but is made the prominent
Sguro in a State oonvontion of his party,
it is not hard to soe ?hat a dangerous
olass of politioians and a debased condi?
tion of political morals are again upper
most in South Carolina. No fairminded,
intelligent American, whatever bis
party leanings may be, can hare any
>ther feeling than that of disgust for
:ho political chicanery that leads to such
?umiliating results, nor should he hare
my other language for them than un
To choose nutmegs, prick them with
i pin ; if the oil comes out they are
To giro a gloss to shirt bosoms and
lollara, add a piece of white wax and
ipermaceti, each about the size of a pea,
o a pint of starch, while boiling Iron
intil smooth, as frioton puts on the
WHITEWASH. THAT WILL NEVER RUB
We find the following recommended :
Mix up half a pailful of lime and wa
er ; take half pint of flour and make a
tarch of it, and pour it into the white
rash while hot. Stir it well, and maka
t ready for use.
TA LB BB,AR1NG?
Never repeat a story unless you are
ortuin it is correct, and not even then
inlets something is to be gained, either
>f interest to yourself or for the good of
ho person concerned. Tattling is
ncau and wicked practice, and he who
udulgcs in it grows moro fond of it in
iroportion as he is successful. If you
?avo, no good to say of your neighbor,
lever reproach his character by telling
hat which is false. Hu who tolls you
he faults of others intends to tell others
if your fa tilts, and so the dish of news is
landed from one to another till tho
able becomes enormous.
- A PLANTER near Savannah coo?
lgood his cotton crop to a merchant, o
hat city, who sold the goods, pocketed
ho money, aud then failed, after whioh
ie wrote thus to his too confiding
?ountrynian : "Dear friend, I ncknow
edge I spent your money. I fool tba
leaven has forgiven tho sin, and I trust
hat you will, as I've taken thc benefit ?8
if tho bankrupt act. Affectionately
- A Tempor?neo lecturer, descanting
m tho superior virtues of cold water,
emarked : "Whcu tho world had bo
lomc so corrupt that tho Lord could do
tothing with it, ho was obliged to givo
t a thorough souping in oold water."
'Yes," repliod n toper present, ''but it
billed every critter on the face of the
- An "exchange says: "Wyoming
laving tried female jurors, now proposes
o scud a woman to Congress. If thc
roman hns dono any thing that the
aw? of Wyoming are not sufficiently
tringent to properly punish, send hor
o Congress by all moana-and may O od
lave mercy on her.
- Tho latest stylo in gold bracelets
> in the shape of a fluted muslin cuff,
nd is mado of burnished gold with a
iam JIU! button and ruhby button hole.
tk????????* ! i????????l0??i
rig-Wf!t^ 0 .'
PROMPTLY EXECUTED AT TUB
? , . ???..??" -
OFFICE Of .. ,
? I . . ., vf.-. ,.. I \ i
The Sumter Watchman,
Highest Style of the Art
- A Dentist's Oath-Bj Qdm 1
- Arc? Railings-Caterwaling.
- It's very profitable j oat now turning
cowa into th? fields:
- The first fire angelical alllaooe
Adam's marriage io Eden.
- Wheo are stays like snob* f Wheo
they're a coarse set.
- Faooh's ad vico ta Persons who
hare "Fallen in Love"-Fall Ont.
- "I?unger is the bebt Sauoe j" ergo,
the Hungriest is the moat aaaoy.
- M iso ry lores company-so does fi
marriageable young lady.
-* ODO hundred women are now pre?
paring themselves for admission ' to the
bar in the United States.
- Portland, Me., olaims the Champion
mean man, saying ho insisted upon be?
ing admitted to a panoi ama at half
price bcoauao he has but one eye.
- A girl near Dayton, 0., recently
pron a bonnet by throwing her father
twice out of threo times in a wrestling
- Tallow Chandler said he didn't
neon any disparagement to the sun
irhen he said that his oandles were the
jest lights over invented.
Gen. Robert Anderson, the defender
>f Fort Sumter in April 1861, is in
Europe, in bad health, and is selling
lis books for bread.
-- An Illinois poatinaner gives notioo
is follows : "After this date, every
>ody must liok their own postage
tamps, for my tongue's give out.
- A man out West, hearing that dry
lopperas put in a bed of ?nts would
lause them to loave, put some in his
nother-in.law's bed to see if she would
;o. He says she was thoro at last ac?
- On a tombstone in a churchyard
n Ulster is the following epitaph :
Erected to the memory of John Phil?
ips, accidentally shot as a mark of,
flection by his brother."
- "I never shot a bird in my life,"
aid a gentleman to an Irishman, who
eplied : "I never shot any thing in the
haps of a bird but a squirrel, which I
.illed with a sione, and it fell into the
iver and was drowned."
- "Remomber, Mrs. B., said Bobas,
a a fluster, one day, "that you are the
renker vessel." "May be so," retorted
he lady, "but I'll take care you shan't
orget that tho weaker vessel may have
?ie stronger spirit in it."
- A young lady who was rebuked by
er mother for kissing her intended^
istified the aot by quoting tho passage
whatsoever ye would that men should
o to you do yo even so to them."
- The Rocky Mountain News tells ol
a enthusiastic young Missourian, who
ulogizing thc boauty of his "gal," said
I'll be doggoned if she a'n't as pretty
3 a red wagon."
-? A Boston business man remarks o
native poet : "He is one of those mer
ho have soarings after the infinite ant
iviogs after the unfathomable, but wht
ever pays oash."
- Boy of the period.-"Sammy, mj
>n, run to tho store and get somi
"Excuse mo, ma, I am somewhat in
isposed this morning. S?nd fathoi
nd tell him to bring me a pound o
- The oldest newspaper in the worl
i published in Pekin. It is printed o
large shoot of silk, and, it is said, ha
lade a weokly appcarence for upwar
Ta thousand years.
-Congress refuses to restore Mri
encrai Leo tho property stolen froi
erat Mount Vernon, but voted $23,00
year to Mrs. Lincoln.
- It has boen curiously shown, 1
io French Academy, that certain planl
reas sensitive to tho influence of obie
iforra as animals.
A gentleman in Iudirtona says i
note accompanying a letter for publ
ition in the Louisville Oourior Jouroa
I sometimes misspelt a word, and it
osible I havo spelt sioafant roog."
- A young lady from the rural di;
?iota went to Des Moines to seo a
lephant. In tho street-curs th.? cot
udor said to her: "Miss, your fare
Well, if I am," ?ho replied, "I don
ant any moro of your impertiitouoo
- A young man who took son
?vere lessons from the faro ba uk ors
tis city last winter has lately be
minting his "friends" into the myst
es of the game at Pittsburg, Penn.
t cost one man $1300 to ?ec how
-- At Kingston Canada, a dry-goc
erk was recently accommodated wi
ie lonu of a revolvor to blow out I
rains with, in order to spite a la
ho had rejected him and marri
aotiier. On subor second thought,
dd the-revolver and gol drunk.
- ADOLPHE TITI GO?, the Pren
istoriun and slatc.sn, in, said, in t
rcat speech which hu delivered on t
rmy bill in tho Corps L?gislatif, Ju
D :-"Prussia, formerly had only 1!
00,000 people at her di.-posal, but I
- Tho desire fur liquor-drinki
terns to bo on the inorcaio in Pilli at
Ilia. Tlie Clerk of the Court ofQaat
essions has ju3t issued 3310 tav
censes. U is a pity thc Piiiladolphi
in't contrive to enjoy their "bruthi
?vo" without thc aid of liquor.
- A Texas editor has Imd presen
> him by his admiring lady readers
mhroiderd shirt, whioh presents a pit
lal history of the Stat ., including
loxioan war. Tho editor woars
llirt outside ol his co it. and where
e goes he is followed by a orowd of
liring boys studying tho specimen
ie fine ?rt* on his hack and book
tonisclrcs in Texis p ?lit io*.