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VOL. XXL WED?iSD?Y IM?WING" JANUARY 25, 1S71. jjQjjj;
"* Tlmeo Santos Et Oona Fereute?.~Virs.
~~ j^^K^^T^^^^ffiEin AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
The Sumter Watchman.
(ESTABLISHED IN 1850.)
B 'SXT WBDP?ESDA?' .DORMMi
AT 3?MTER, S. C., BY :
lit LU t? KT & FL.O W ERS.
On? * ear.$3 00 '
Mt launtos..... 1 ?0
lacee mon tba. 1 00
ADV?KTiSB.MKNTS inserted at th? rate
.>f ONE DOLLAK AND FIFTY. CENTS per
?quire for the lirat, ONE DOLLAR ?or lae!
?eeoaJ, and FIFTY CENTS fur each ?ubset-ueiit
ntertion, for an; period le.-? than three months
OBITUARIES, TRIBUTES OF RESPECT
aai all communication*, which subserve prirate
ntireats, will be paid tor aa advertisement*.
Special Message of the Governor
RENEW OF THE CP COUNTRY
THE PEACE OF THE COUNTRY IS NOT
THREATENED TO SUCH A DEGREE AS
TO WARRANT THE CALLING UUT OF
COLUMBIA, S. C., January 16
Governor SCOTT'S Message to ihe
Legislature was read io both House.? to?
day, creating great sensation in the
Radical circles The House referred it
to the Judiciary aud Military Coin
aaittees. It is as follows :
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, ")
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, (?
COLUMBIA. January 16. 1871. j
To the Si vate and Uouse of Represen
tatives : -I have received the concurrent
resolution of the Senate and House of
Kepresen tat ives, requesting rue to in?
form the General Assembly why a suffi
cient military force fur the protection of
life, liberty and property, have not been
stationed in such counties of tins Stale
as have been hitherto riotous and re
fractory ; and further, why have no'
the outlaw? in them bern bron?ht to
condign punishment ; ami why the pro
visions ot Section 2 of Article lo tit thc
Constitution has nat been enforced, and
also, to inform the G?nerai Ass. mid)
wbai further legislation is necessary to
oflVct the parp?se herein (.tated
In furnishing you such information
as it is in my pow ci s> suppl). at?<J whit.
I deeply deplore the. disturb.rees to
which your resolution refers, I can
scarcely venture, as Executive of the
State, to pronounce any of ?t* conuti s
riot-jus and refractory, upon the reported
eases of individual oucrugc, and while, no
informatiru has t een received in this
effice indicating anything like a count)
organisation to defy or to defeat the law.
1 am the more c.-.uiiotjs i? ihis respect,
because, i' will be recollected, thai vert
many cases of individra! violence have
hitherto been reported both fruin lite
counties of Abbeville and ridgefield bu jt
the prompt and impartial ad's, in ist ration i
of justice in r ii eat* c? unties Las proved j
thal : he civil power was sufficten for it
the protection if the !.("... liberty and!'
property of our citizens; -tod tites- c?u>i M
tics arc now as quiet, peaceable ami j.
orderly as any portion of the Sr:?r?* -
But if there wa- any part of the S a?e in
which violence and disorder were so
general as to disarm the power of the
civil Courts, I must say, fr ukly. thai I
have no such militia lorie as would be
competent D? suppress them.and ??'I bad | !
1 have no mean*, to place an 1 maintain'
sue;; :t force tu ?lie C' id II by the oui
laws who have not been brought to
condign punishment, you mean those!:
individuals who hare lately perpetrated j i
the outrages in th?* counties of Spartan *
burg and Union. I can only say that ?i
every cffori has beeu made, that could j s
lawfully be made by the Executive, to
discover these criminals and brin-i them
to speedy trial. In some instances those
H spected of guilt have beeu committed
for trial, aud iu their cases the Kxecu
tive is without power, as he ought lo
bc without disposition, to interfere with
the due- administration of the law In
other instances thc perpetrators of these
crimes are not known, and have not yet
been discovered. 1 can only promise
that every effort shall be nude to arrest
and bring them to justice.
1 am not aware that the 2nd Section
of the 13th article of the Constitution ! t
has not been enforced That section I i
provides :''The Governor shall have!'
power to call out the militia to execute
the laws, repel invasion, repress insur?
rection, and preserve the public peaee."
I cannot say with truth upon any infor?
mation in my possession that in any
section of the State the laws are not
executed, for not a single case has been
reported in which the officers of the
law have been r?sist?e' in th?, discharge
of their duties. There tb no invasion
which I am called on to repel, no insur j s
rection which I am called on to s p-j'
While I cannot say that the public : a
peace of thc Slate is threatened to such
a degree as to warrant the exercise of
the power of carling out the militia,
given in the Section of the Constitution
just quoted, I deeply regret that it i>
my duty to io form you that thc condition
of several of the counties iu the State is
disturbed aud dangerous. Io Laurens,
Union and Spartanburg persons and
property are not secure. Repeated in?
stances of violence, disregard of the law
and murder have been reported, and
there is a well founded apprehension cu
the part of law abiding citizens that un?
less these outrages are prompiy checked,
the evil wiji have become too irreut for
ordinary remedies. ? do not propose at
preseut to refer to these crimes in detail,
nor to attempt the discussion of their
cases. It is enough to say that they are
so grave and so numero ts as to call for
the uufiincbiug application of all the
power of reform which the Executive
can lawfully exercise.
It is proper for me to state and I am
glad to be abie todo it, that the public
8entimeut of these Counties ?cetus to
be aroused to the character * and ooo
sequeuces of this state of affairs. a*?d
public meetings have been held, .in
which the responsible and influential
citizens of Laurens and Sparianourg
have declared in language sufficiently
strong, their abhorrence of shese er une* *
and their willingness to aid the K?
ecutive io tbe suppression of them,. If
these opinions are carried out io action,
we may anttc||?ata^he^pe^dy ^?-rtoration
of peace ana* otdei ; bat strmef nitr^ mon
is Leeded than th?.i^kti.OD4J.^awe.f ar
just and[gener?os insentiment. . ?ia
oy opinion that the ?til law of ?J??
State ought to be ?r?cient, and it is my
determination that it shall be sufficient, H
every and any ?3t^??^eS*a^ ???w- i \
ever li u tu Lile, friendless, or obnoxic
? cannot bring myself to contempt
the ase of an armed force to punish
dividual violations of the law, in ali
of profound peace. Such a rem?
would he as bad as the disease, a
would be a public declaration that th<
was no civil Government iu South Ca
lina, and that we are living in a con
lion of social anarchy. lam bound by
oath of office, as thc Executive of t
State, and in reverence for those prin
pies of Coustitu ional liberty, which i
the vital loree of true Republicanism,
see that the law is drily enforced, bef?
I resort to other and dangerous powe
I dare not and will not assume tl
justice cannot be administered until t
effort has been made and the failu
It is thrrefote my intention jo s
that the law i- enforced, and when
fail in the effort I will un li c>i tating
call upon you for the extraordinary ai
to which society must resort for sel
protection. Eut at present, I would et
your attention to the fact that all tl
cases of reported violence are individu
violations of tlie law ; i hat none of thc
have assumed the character ol' publ
gonibinations against the law, and th
they an; all within the regalar jurisdi
rion of the criminal Courts of ?he cou
try. But I do not think that the a
ministration of the criminal law is sufi
[Mently vigorous. As the Executive i
;he State, it ia impossible for me I
(upennieiid or control the trial of crin
mais This du*y must be left to tl
Attorney General and the Solicitor
ivho are the pi "?< cuting officers of rli
State, and to whom the administrado
if the criminal law in their respectiv
iphereaof duty, is committed by th
?ame law which defines my own duti(
ind powers; that these officers hav
lone and will do their duty I have n
loubt, but I do not thu k that thei
?nwers are sufficient ly strong or thei
means of art ion sufficiently large. T
illustrate my meaning more fully, eac
olicitor has several Counties unde
us nffifial charge ; a murder is cow
?lilied in one of th-; remoter district
?There he does not reside; a warrant i
issued; a Cornel's inquest makes a ver
.n-?ti-.'ac i??y report of th? circumstao
.es. UIII-SM -li fri en tis or ?amity of th
. ie ?in are . .??nci il!y active. A fet
.vi tu esses are bo'iiid over, and the paper
ir. put in the hand? iT the Solicitor
I'lte ?Ly that thc C.,un opens, and ?fi
:iu? hill is found, h . goes on with thi
rial, with a ? I i ir !? f and imperfect prepa
'atiou, thus made nor can thc solicito
ie blain ed. Hehns many . Courts ft
i : rend, very many cases In prepare, am
ias nor hid an opportun ?ty to hear th?
rircumstances of his ca-e. or the chirac
er of iii? testimony Now, in ordiuarj
?mea, <ehen ca*es ol'violence are rare
iud shock ihe humanity of public opi
lioii. and excite the indignant activity
d'those who arc interested in the suffer,
rig parties, thc labor of preparation wa?
pared thc Solicitor, b.eamc he alwayf
. ad an individual prosecutor behind
lim. hut when the crime is otie in which
be sympathy of public opinion is uot
rarmly interested, or where a disturbed
tondit ion nf popular sentiment is not
lisposcd actively toa*>?st public justice,
vhere thc parties suffering arc too
riendle?.s to make themselves heard,
hen. the duty of the Solicitor, while it
?ecomes more imperative, also becomes
nore difficulty to do justice He ueeds
irj?r powers and more assistance.
1 would therefore recommend a more
ninplete a::d efficient organization of
he machinery uece?>ary for the admin?
istration of criminal justice. The At
orney General is the propel rcpresen'a?
ive of the criminal justice of the State,
nd he should have the authority not
illy to prevent, to consult and advise
nth the Solicitors, but to review and
tired their action, and they should be
equired to report to him regularly the
ondition of the prosecutions in their
espectire circuits and to be governed
y his instructions whenever he may
teem it judicious to issue them. He
hould also have the power whenever,
n his opinion the importance of the case
equire- it, to retain assistant counsel
nd see that the State is fully and cf
iciently represented. _
.1 think also that a corps of Detective
'oliee Officers should be placed under
itu control, to be used by him and the
iolicitors. as occasiou may require. I
0 not propose that these officers should
ave any power of arrest
This responsibility must bc assumed
y the law officers of the Stale, but thc
rimes from which society is suffering
an never be suppressed without some
fficient organization, by which the
reliminary investigations can be coo
ucted. the traces of guilt promptly fol
jwed up. and such testimony procured
s will jmtify a prosecuting officer io
iking from conscientious jurors a ver
ict of conviction. Neither the Attor
ey General or the solicitors canJ?V6
lore chao a general superintendence
od skillful direction to such investiga
ions, and they need the aid of a body
f discreet, practical, and temperate
linded men to perform this important
uty _ As the Attorney-Gene/fl^sod
be eoVieitnrs are'elected bjMhe people,
hey have it in their power to select
jen. in whose characters they will find
ufifcieni guarantee that this power will :
or be abused, To carryout ibi?,plan,
rould require thatia continjieoFwiubV
ufficient i jueet its expense, he placed <
t the control of the Attorney General,
rhich I therefore recommend.
1 think it proper, also, to call tc vettr 1
ttentioo the fact that; the jttfi$$L
?strict in wh>h thc*e diatucbanoeA i
re most flagrant is practically with
ut aJu. ge. The presiding ?agCoT
hat Circuit is now under impeachment i
eforA^i >ns^for JWM^ |
?t.idemeaoora; and while it v?uiG w**
.o':hine *a*W ?k^^^^^^^mm^^^^
ftoTfcoro 06st4ir/,to tx
of order than the presence io the Coo
o? this Circuit of a magistrate who ali
possess the a o H Lt y -to kBow his .'di
the resolution to do his duty, '?Vd f
high character which is in itself a pil
of strength to the good, and a lin
admonition to evil doers. Nor ca
leave this subject without express:
my regret that the Trial Justices bi
so- sigoally failed to meet the
quirements of .their office in a conditi
of things, such as we DOW deplore. 1
preliminary investigation, io nearly
the prosecutions of the 'crimes We w
to suppress, is within the province
the Trial Justices, and the prompt a
efficient administration of the crimil
law is in aJarge decree dependent up
their ability, discretion and coarage
qualities which I am sorry to say t
system has aol developed.
Believing firmly that a vigorous a
ministration of the law will be snfficie
to repress crime, I make these re
ommendat.oDs, pledging myself that
ever it shall be iouod impossible to a
minister that law, I will come to y
for those extraordinary powers, whi
I shall then not hesitate to accept ai
I have the hoDor to be, very respe?
. KO BE RT. K. SCOTT, Governor.
THE GAME FOR LIFE.
AN ADVENTURE IN TOE FAR WEST.
It was a terrible stormy night; dat
as pitch, and blowing: a hurricane. AJ
overcoat was wet through, and ray jae!
boot-, completely filled with water. Tl
lightning kept up one constant succei
sion of vivid flashes, and the dec
thunder rolled in every direction. Ul
der the most favorable circumstance
su<?h a night would not be considere
pleasant ; but when you are alone in
country you don't know, have lost yoi
way, ar d can't see a foot beyond yoi
horse's nose, I don't think any one ca
imagine anything more nnpJeassn
This, however, was my case. I was i
the far, far West, in fact, at a great?
distance from the Atlantic seaboar
thau I had ever attained before. Bus
ness had called toe there, and for e'er
tutu reasons I had had to travel towar
the backwoods, taking with me a coo
edderablr. sum of money, which itw.s c
tito utmost in-pttrtance I should delive
safely at its destination as soon as pos
In my anxiety to perform ray mis?
sion ?ell I had foolishly passed th
place where I ought to have rested fo
the night, fondly hoping to reach anoth
er station before the close of evening
but the storm coming on, I lost my way
:.nd there I was, stumbling about ore
stumps ol trees, my horse knee deep ii
the mud, and I without the slighes
idea which way to turn.
Oowu came the rain in torrents, beat
ing the mudd} earth as if it wished ti
wash it clean. I was wet through t<
the skin, and my horse at every ste?
seemed Kinking deeper and deeper ?ott
the mud, till at hut he refused to movt
i step furthtr. In vain I plunged mj
-pur* into his sides, and used my whip
not atiothci oot would he move, bul
jtood with trembling flanks and extend
pd nostrils, the picture of agonized fear
so I was forced to dismount and lead
bim. But you may judge my surprise
when I reached his head to find that he
was nearly touching a wall. I stretched
forth my hand, and, to my delight, it
-as a log hut.
'Here is a shelter, at all events,"
.aid Ito myself, "though 1 scarcely da
ierve it for my foolhardiness io riding
past the station. Well, I suppose I
(hs!! have to go supperless to sleep,
ind heaven knows that Ls bad enough
n my present condition."
Drawing the bridle over my arm, 1
ed my horse round the building, feei?
ng carefully so as not to miss the door?
ray. I passed down one side and torn
id the corner, when, to my delight, I
perceived a light shining through some
diinks in the logs. Whithout pausing
i moment to consider what guests might
>e assembled inside* I hastened, to tba
loor, and bea: i ag loudly upoa it, de
naaded admittance. I had oot long to
rait. Tba door opened slowly, and a
all, thin man stood before t. e.
Tire" fellow was roughly dressed,- and
rora a largo broad brimmed hat throwa
carelessly on hit head ; a cloak, much
be wor*a for wear, bang from bis
boulders, and nearly reached the
fro und ; bis figure was spare, bat very
?werful. With his left hand ha held
ba door, sa as to be ready; torlose it ia
,n instant, and in bis righi a Colt's
ol ver-Young Ameriea'a ooostaat com
Haring glanced, rt his toiltt, I turnad
?y attention to his face, and I must
ay, a nore disagreeable one. L neter
ritnessed It waa long and 'bro? ont
ery sallow, high cheek bones, sharp,
vii looking eyearnn cse-lite an. eagle's
teak, low, Hrtdjfek 'J^9*A? ?**V .
i lon? taft of hair bang tro? ^gb%,
etc the touch oTa^a^^fo^ome days^
ne, and taken a good inventory o! my
>eraonal. ?ppearanc.? and. nfleo??, he
Heeled bis pistol, and drawled out :
"Wal, what's the matter?"
! 'Mai?atr ? i ??m^V
tnongb, I shonlo thin*. I bare lost
ind draw hack aa if to ?bat xha* door.
<;But ,I>eed atotter*. I cried^ "=*y
.'Yon du look as if you'd bean making
retina* of ycnre?lf," ha drawled,
rpttting bis mouth, and showing his j
,ortaa-d aballar fr ^7*^1$* !
rf ?biak you shall kt wa? pmWfi b
"There's a barn at the end of the
for the 'oss," said hs" jerking his I
in the direction. "You had better
and pot bim ap, stranger, and (
' Aa I saw there was no help for
j led my horse tu the barn, made him
comfortable as I could, and then tal
my saddle bags over my arm, eut<
If was a wretched hovel, compc
of rough-hewn logs, rudely put toge
er, and plastered mud, great masses
! which had fallen away, leaving the !
? exposed to view, and the sharp w
whistled through the chinks in a t
erable manner. The hearth was cc
?posed of atones beaten into the ea
fand upon this blazed a large fire, whi
j although it filled the room with smc
.was, in my condition, most acceptai
My newly made acquaintance ;
peared to have fallen fast asleep bel
the fire, so giving one look to his di
greeable countenance, I took off
coat and waistcoat, laid them out to d
and placing the saddle-bags for a pill*
prepared to go to sleep
"Wal, stranger," said my host, sta
ing up with a snarl, "I du think j
might be more perlite, and just ha
over the news. I guess it isn't oil
we get any down in these parts, a
therefore we don't lose a chance of r
ing any when we can."
"I must beg your pardon ," I repli*
"I thought you we're asleep, and thei
fore was quiet in case I might distu
"Air you hungry ?" he demanded.
"As a hunter," was my emphatic r
"I gue8syou won't object to this 1
of corned beef then," said he, pushi
s otu 0 coars bread and salt meat iowa
"On the contrary," I replied, "notl
ing could bo more acceptable."
"I guess you're thursty," he said, a
ter watching me tievour thc meat.
"Sahara is n ot h i u jr to me," I avowe
"I don't know anything about yo
Sarah," he replied, "but I du know
girl named Polly, who does drink, si
du ; a patent double pressure engine
nothing to her, that it ain't ; she tak
in more liquid than a Mississippi stean
boat, and when she's at Ililli pressu
I guess she's as dangerous."
I expressed my sorrow at Miss Polly
failing, and asked him if he hud an)
thing to drink.
"Wal, yes j here'ssome Bitrbon whit
ky ; put voursclt'outside that, and yo
won't feel your soaking."
I needed no second invitation for, i
spite of the huge fire, I was shiverin
with cold ; and as I had most importai
business to execute, was most auxiou
at any risks to keep up my strength, s
as to accomplish my journey.
As I drank the whiskey roy compnn
ion lasped iuto sileuce, aud [ began t
ponder upon the weakness of humm
judgment, and the unfairness of wha
people call "impression" iu particular
"Here is a man," thought I, "thu
everybody would proclaim a scoundre
from his diabolical countenance; judg?
ing from that, you would say that lie wa
mean, cruel and unprincipled; yet, al
though I have not seen him before, hi
not only gives n e the shelter of his roof
but also shares his supper aud whiskey
with roe. I will never trust to appear
Whilst I had'been making theso re?
flections, I again prepared for sleep; but
my doing so evidently displeased my
companion, for stretching out his long
legs to their full length-evidently to
kick mine-he gave a terrible yawn.
"Darned if you ain't the slowest coss
I've met on this side of creation," hu
growled. "Ain't you got no news ?"
Half angry and half amused at his
strange manner, I replied :
"I am extremely sorry that I have
no news to give you, and unfortunately
I have not the imagination of some of
our New York papers, or I would iuvent
some for your amusement."
"Now, look here, stranger, none of
your impertinence. I guess you are a
Bostoner. which accounts for your in?
fernal slowness. What's the good of a
paper, if there isn't something new in
it ? S'pose there's a murder or a rob?
bery, and it's a real one, wal, you read
it and enjoy it. But s'pose it's a false
one, 'bout people you know nothing
about, wal, you enj oys it, and there isn't
half the darned sight injury done. You
laff or cry as much over one as the oth
Br, aod you don't know the people ;
therefore, what can it matter to you
whether it is true or fake * it does just
Not feeling inclined to argue with
toy friend over the matter, especially
is I could see that be was a man who
aould not take contradiction quietly,
readily owned that I was wrong and he
"S'pose you don't want to sleep di.
rectly, stranger ?"
"Indeed I do, for I am very tired."
"I guess it's not safe to sleep in these
parts, unless you can manage to keep
one eye opea"
Why? Surely we are sate here?"
'il don't know that. I calo'iate you
ifr a stranger In these parts ?"
"I am *
"But I guess you've heard of Silas
Cass-he dwells hereabouts "
Silas Cass i I had indeed heard of
him as one of the most desperate and 1
depraved' charniers that hatroted the 1
3Ut:settleuuBts of America. He was
inspect ed-nay, it was morally certain i
-thai be had committed mort murders 1
tn4 robberies; than any men in. the 1
werta; ant be had contrive**: to. evad* 1
[he Jaw. for although suspicion waa i
?m\?^?$mTt> ttodUie wreteb. 1
he^aswayaeacaped the puuiehmeot be i
fore me, I wtt oxivieeed that my hos* 1
my forehead, aad a terrible dryn
seized my throat. A fiend like expr
sion of delight spread over the wretch
face as he noticed these symtams
terror ; his thin lips were drawn ba
in % devlish grin ; his greenish eyes w<
fixed on me with the malicious gaze o
cat watchiog a caged bird
Gathering all the resolution I cou
muster, I replied ;
"I have heard of Silas Cass, but rei
ly can't believe the stories they t
about him. Some people are born rj
lucky, and it has been the misfortu
to Cass to be.placed in suspicious circu
stances ; but there has never been a
proof of his guilt, and therefore I pi
fer giving him thc benefit of the doo
-in fact, I think he is more sinn
against than sinning".
The monster threw himself back a
roard with laughter at what he thong
my credulity, and pushing the whisk
bottle toward me, ordered me to drin
I placed the bottle to my lips, ai
pretended to take a hearty draught, b
very little of the fiery liquid entered n
"Wal, you air a queer cuss," said tl
ruffian. "Now, I shouldn't besurprisi
if those saddle-bags of yours held ago<
amount of dollars ?"
"A few," I replied ; "aud there is
tale belonging to them."
"Just so," said Silas, pushing tl
whiskey-bottle toward me. "S'posit
you take another pull."
I took hold of the bottle, and kept
glued to my lips for such a length i
time that Silas's eyes seemed ready i
start out of their sockets.
"Guess you're a tall driuker, strati
ger," he said. "
''Yes/' I replied, io as drunken
voice as I could assume; "that's ho
I came by those dollars."
"Bully for you." grinned Silas. "Pi
heard of many a boy drinking himse
out of a fortune, but ne'er a one th:
drunk himself rich."
"Oh," sighed I, with drunken earn
estness, "I once was honest."
"Once !*' said he, opening his eyes
"Yes," I replied. I held a place i
the Broadway Bank as one of the chic
tellers; but I took 'o gamingat.d driel
ing, and lost all ray money."
"Wal, that didn't make you rich ?"
"No ; but iu a fit of despiratioo I em
ptied my till, and the dollars are there.
vVhew !" whistled Silas. "I gu?s
you did it up pretty spry ?"
"You haven't any cards about you ?
"I guess I have, though," he replied
"s'poging we have a game of poker?"
My heart beat with delight as he drei
a pack from his pocket, and, graspin
the cards, I commenced dealing then
with thc assumed eagerness of a regula
I saw the wretch cheat me ever
time 1 lost and lost; still, I continue*
playing, only repetitiug my losses io i
maudlin drunken way, that made urn
companion roar with 'nighter. He com
menced to thoroughly enjoy himself di
rectly he saw my mysery ; he lighted hi:
pipe, and began stroking. He did noi
puff out the smoke as au ordinary mac
would have done, but opened his mouth
and let the dense clouds roll round hi;
horrible tusks and long, thiu tongue.
Ivie h time he won, he seized the bottle
and drank heavily of the whisky. When
the bottle was finished, he produced
Another from a small cupboard at the
back of the hut. This soon disappeared,
ind was replaced by another; but the
more he took the better he seemed. As
he swept up my dollars he roared with
ielight,flinging his huge legs about io
the most grotesque manner. He began
chanting bits of songs, certainly not flt
for respectable society. To make the
<cene more horrible, the storm without
bad become so violent that the hut
?hook beneath the heavy claps of thun?
ler, and the blue lightning flashed
brough the cracks between tbe logs
hat composed the walls perfectly paling
he red light of our fire., and nearly
"Lost again !" shouted Silas, as he
iwept up my last few dollars. "Hear
tow the boys are playing skittles up
ibove ! I guess that bowling saloon
mya, thej play pretty constant. What's
rour next stake?"
"I haven't a cent," I groaned.
"I'll play you five dollars against
I knew they would be his anyway, and
herefore staked them. Need I say I
As Silas rose to procure some more
rhisky, I took the opportunity of sciib
iliog a few lines upon the back of an
m ve lope, which I slipped into a slit in
He made me stake my horse, my coat
nd waistcoat.; in fact, everything 1
lossessed. I lost all, and theu threw
nyse If back as if in despair, bewailing
ny bad fortune and rashness in having
rusted to cards. Silas seemed highly
Iclighted with my melancholy, consol
og m<with the assurance that there
rere plenty more banks in the world,
nd I might regain my fortune. After
?earing his taunts for some time I pre
ended to cry myself asleep, but look
are to place my face in such a position
hat I could see all that >ilas did with
mt appearing to watch him.
No sooner had my first snore sounded
han Silts rose from the ground, and,
Ira wing his revolver, advanced toward
"Ot all the darned fools I ever did
neet, this one beats them all. He a
h ?cf! Bah I be ia a disgrace to the
lanae. I s'pose it's co use potting him ;
ie can't bring anything against me ?
ie Tost ail his money io play. Besides,
ie won't care about kicking up n noise
n ottseof the bank finding him. ind
rei b* would be safer. -
As be spoke, he leveled the pistol
itraight st my head. I shall never fot;
te| that terrible moment. L ko sw that
he Rightest'movement would . be the
signal for toy death, aod so remained
perfectly motionless ; bot the strange,
horrid, cold calm that stole orer me will
never pass from my memory.
"Bah !" he said, potting ap the pistol,
"let him live ; I've got the other one to
He tamed away and left the hat, care?
fully closing the door behind him. I
listened to hie retreating footsteps, and
when they sounded distant I sprang to
my feet. My first idea was flight, bat a
moment's consideration told me that
that would be certain death. I crept to
the door and peeped through the chinks
in the wal). The storm still raged, and
by the constant flashing of the lightning
I was enabled to see for some distance
Silas was coming toward the hut, carry
ing a heavy burden on hie shoulders.
He stopped by the side of a pond about
ten yards from the building, and threw
down his load-it was th? body of
man. Silas then took some cords from
his pocket, and with them bound a hage
stone to thc body. When this was done
he picked up the ghastly object, and
with more than human strength hurled
It into the pond. The lightning gleamed
out brightly; the pale, ghastly fae
seemed turning one appealing look to
heaven for revenge ; the cold, dull wa
tera closed over it, and all was still
Struck wtrh borrow, I could scarcely
move, and wuh difficulty regaioed my
position by the fire before Silas re
Quietly taking off hts own coat and
waistcoat, which were as bad as they
could be, he threw them into one corner
of the room, and then, with all the cool
ness imaginable, dressed himself io my
garments. He again left the hat with
my saddle bags, and a few minutes after
ward I heard the ring of my borse'r feet
as he galloped away.
In a moment I bad seized his coat,
and putting it on, dashed from the hut
I ran until almost ready to drop.
Still I pressed on ; the spirit of revenge
had entered my soul, aod boro me op.
At last I saw a horsemen crossing the
hill. I knew the figure bat too well
it was Silas Cass.
Till morning I dodged from bash to
bush, keeping as close to him as I dared
Had I had a pistol with me I fear Silas
would have stood a very poor chance
At last I perceived a party of horsemen
riding toward as, aod io a minute I
barst from my hiding-place and com
meuced shouting as loudly as I could.
"St jp him, stop him ! he is a mur
Si Ls looked quietly behind him, and,
seeing me running, drew his revolver,
presented and fired. The bullet whis?
tled close to my head, but did no
By this time the horsemen had heard
my cries and were close apon Silas, who
hesitated for a moment whether to at?
tack me or not, but seeing the party of
horsemen were armed, he tamed bis
horse's head as if to galop across the
country ; but the leader of the horsemen
swung hit rifle round, and presented
it at Silas, called upon him to stop.
"I guess this is a pretty shindy," said
Silas, coolly, "all about a fellow whe
has lost his money at poker."
"Stop that man," I cried ; "he has
robbed me of my money, horse and
"Why,you darned viper." said Silas
"didn't you lose them to me fairly at
poker, io the block-hut?"
"No," I cried; "ba robbed me there,
and I call upon you all to help me arrest
him for having committed murder. I
saw him throw the body into a pond by
the log hut last night. Expecting the
same fate, I wrote on an envelope these
words : "I have been robbed and mur?
dered by Silas Cass-James Ansel."gYou
will flud it in a slit in the lining of my
coat, which that mao now wears, for he
is Silas Cass."
Scarcely had the 'words escaped my
lips when Silas again presented his pis?
tol, and this time with better effect, for
the bullet pierced my arm, but at the
same instant one of the horsemen dealt
Cass ? heavy blow with his rifle, and
laid him senceless on the ground.
Silas was handed over to the authori?
ties and searched; my envelope was
foti ad upon him. The body was fonnd
in the pond as I described. My story
was told and proved true, and in a few
days I had the satisfaction of knowing
thal Silas Cass was no more.
HOW TOBE HAPPY,
What does happy mean? A little
trirl lately said it is "to feel as if yon
watted to give all your things to your
little sister." Yon smile, hat I scarce*
ly see why you should. This little girl
felt that to be happy, she must be un
lelfish. She waa right, nod you know
it Did you ever feel happy when yon
liad selfish feelings tn your breast? I
LI?-Lay.- Persons not grossly ig
Doran t sometimes say thity wt il lay
'meaning lie] down; that they bad
?aid [lain] an hoar, or that the hammer
is laying [lyingj by the tacks. Lie
ueans to recline; its past t :nse is lay
*J lay there all that night ;" its partiei
pies lying aad lain. Lay (used of Dre?
ien t time) means to put something
Iowa-one lays a carpet ; its past is hid
-.'I laid it myself;" ita participles
hying and laid-"I was interrupted
ahile laying it, ead. it wea not all laid
an til night."
- Jas. Got vm Bennett bas given to
the ?Te j ire Department $1,000
for titeir modsa tn preserving bil boase J
?n Washington Bights when it was on
ire, tod tba interest on.this ?am it aeed
to buy two gohi medea yearly for the
member? of thc force ?to distinguish
thcBase?vee anet for heroism.
?RS. ROBERT E. LEE.
Although very, very lew hereabouts
would trouble Arlington, that city cf the
dead, where so many t housands of those
who d'ed that the Republic might live
sleep their last sleep, there is much sym?
pathy for Mrs. Robert E. Lee. She ?as
the daughter of George Washington
Parke Custis, who was the grandson of
Mrs, General Washington, and the ward,
but no blood relation, of the Father of
hio Country. Mrs. Lee inherited the
Arlington estate from her father, and
with it bis opposition to nullification ;
and it was with regret that she followed
her husband into Dixie ic 1861. Thirty
years ago, when she moved io society
here as the belle of Arlington, she was
elegant and attractive, with great per?
sonal c'iarms and affability of manners.
Those who have seen her recently say
that she is much changed in personal
appearance, having been so afflicted
with rheumatism of? late years that she
has to be wheeled about in a chair. Not
withstanding this affliction she is a most
agreeable old lady, conversing on the
current topics of the day with great
intelligence, and never repining. She
is deTccedly cared for by her daughter
in-law Mrs. W. H. F. Mee, who was a
Miss Bolling, cf the old Pocahontas
stock, always famed for beauty and com
manding figure.- Waslunytol correspon
dence of Hrrperi Bazaar.
TSE FISHER tl AN 'S SON.
A gentleman walking on the beach
came across a little boy sitting on the
roid by himself, looking out on the
'-You like the sea, my boy ; do you
"Yes sir; and I hope to follow it when
I get bigger."
"It is a hard life, besides being dan
gerous," said> the gentleman.
"Yes sir ; but Jesus Christ went to
sea, and he knows the dangers ; and
sometimes he preached out of a ship
I am sure he loves sailors," said the
"But that will not hinder you from
meeting with storms, and perhaps get?
"Jeans Christ rules the winds and the
waves. He stopped a storm once."
"Ue does not now," said the gentle?
"No, sir ; bot he will help us to trust
in him ; and, if we hold on to him, noth
ing ean much harm us," said thc boy.
"You might be drowucd."
"Yes, sir." The boy stopped. ' But,
you know, my soul would then fly up to
God ; and it is ali fair weather up
"Why, my little man, you are quite
a preacher !" said the gentleman.
"Father and 1 often talk these ?nings
over," said the little boy; "and when
he is gone out fishing and leaves me ali
alone at home, they ar? company for
"The sweet, quiet, happy face of the
little fellow pleased me." said thc gen?
tleman ; "and I felt that he had the
best of company."
THE NORTHER* PULSE*
Mr. J. Howard Brown, io the Aguata
(Ga.) Farmer, of a late date, says :
"Io September, 1869, we inserted iu
250 Northern and North Western news?
papers, through the well known adver?
tising firm, Geo. P. Rowell & Co , 40
Park Row, New York City, an adverti?
sement in these words : Two cotton
crops will pay foran improved farm in
Middle Georgia ' Now for the result.
We received over 1, 250 letters, or an
average of five for every paper issuing
the advertisement. AU of the letters
expressed the desire of the writers to
change their location and come South
The only rearons given for not coming
tt once was the difficulty in disposing
of their property North, and that their
minds were not at ease in regard to the
safety of Northern men South, and fears
that they would not be kindly received.
Thus, through the Newspaper pres, we
have felt the pulse of the masses North,
ind have found that there is a large army
af intelligent, worthy, industrious and
skilful farmers, artisans, and manufac?
turers, who are only waiting for a full
understanding of the advantages offers
ia? thin old Empire State of the South tu
help make it the garden of the world."
IS TOUR HAIR DRY ?
At a delegate election held in Wood
Dury, N. J., prior to the election, the
solored citizens, having a majority in
me of the divisions, elected one of their
)wn race as a representative to the
Republican convention. Oe was a
-.reacher familiarly known as "Daddy
grimes." This action was unexpected,
ted not very palatable to his white con
?res. After the nomination was made
me of the delegates rather jeeringly
tailed on Daddy Grimes for a speech.
The old man rose, seriously and with
>erfect decorum, and said : "Thar was a
Md man I kunwed who woaid swsr
io' cheat, an' lie, an* steal' an' get drunk ;
tn' be warn't good for noihiu' no how
Sat the grace of the Lord eame uuto
tim, an' changed his heart ; an' he was
ionverted from his etii ways, an' got
?pt ?zed io the river. Jest as he come
mt of the water, he began to sin? and
hoot. Hallelujah ! Hallelujah ! Glory to
}od ! AU my sins is washed away !"
in' he kept on shoutin' t ll one of de
taters arandin' by laid her ba d on his
?ead an' aha said : '-Why, brodder,your
HUT ain't dry yet I" Now, gen'ltnen, I
eel jest aa that poor redeemed siuner
.It ; and bless de Lord, I could now
ejotee an* I could apeak. Bat I know
ar, my bar's not ?rj jes.**
Thea tb? old ann tat down. He had j J
sade a ?peech, and preached a ?ermon j,
ft wide application.
PROMPTLY EXECUTED AT TUE
The Sumter Watchman.
Highest Style of the Art,
Main-st. under Sumter Hotel.
L. P. LO RING,
Messrs. King & Huppman,
BALTraOBE, 91. D.
Would respectfully solicit the patronage of bis
friends and the publie.
HE HAS IN STORE A COMPLETE:
Stock of Hardware and
embracing erery article in this line of business,
which he intends to sell at the
LOWEST PUICES, FOB CASH.
He ?ill keep always in store, a complete assort?
Collin's Axes, Ames'Shovels and Spades,
Trace Chains, Hoes,
Rakes, Pitch Forks,
ti rain Cradles, Scythe Blades,
Poe iel and Tapie Cutlery,
Brass Preserving Kettles,
Tin Ware, Window Glass-all sises.
Persons in want of th" most convenient and
economical Stoves, can be supplied with the
latest improved patterns at prices which cannot
fail to give entire satisfaction.
FALL AXD WINTER
I am now receiving a Large and
Complete Stock of
FALL AND WINTER
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
CLOTHS, CASSIMEP.ES, TWEEDS,
Kentuckey Jean?, of low grades and very
Gloves and Cravats,
ALSO A FULL SUPPLY AND VARIETY 0
These Goods I am determined to sell lower
than they can be bought in this market. Deal?
ing in this line alone, I am enabled to do thia.
I only ask my old friends to call and examine,
and if they do not find my goods cheaper, I will
not expect them to buy.
D. J. "WINN, Agent.
MONEY CANNOT BUY IT!
FOR SIGHT IS PRICELESS ! !
The DIAMOND GLASSES,manufactured by J.
E. SPENCER <k CO., New York, which are now
offered lo the public, are prono'.coed by all the
.elebrated Opticians of the world to be the moat
Perfect, Natural Artificial help to th*: human eye
They are ground under their owt supervision,
from minute Crystal Pebbles, melted together,
ind derive their name. "Diamond," on account
>t their hardness and brilliancy.
The scientific principle on which they are con
I'ructcd brings the core or centre ot the lens di
?ectly in front of the eye, producing a clear and
listinct vision, as in the natural, healthy sight,
iud preventing all unpleasant sensations, such as
glimmering and wavering of sight, dizziness, ?kc,
.ecidiar to all others in use.
They are mounted in the fir.ct manner in
rames of the best quality, of all materials used
<>r th .t purpose. Their finish and durability
:ann.>i bc surpassed.
CACTI*?H.-None genuine unless bviring their
rade mark stamped on every fr:.me.
P. HALTOM FOLSOM,
WATCHMAKER & JEWELER,
SUMTER, S. C.
Pacific Guano Company's
Soluble Pacific Guano.
rniS GUANO IS NOW SO WELL KNOWN
in all the Southern Settee for its remarkable
neets as an agency for increasing the pp-ducts
if labor, as not to require special rc-commenda
ion from us. Its use for five y.ars past has es
ablished itsc!:aractcrfur retiaWte excellence. The
nrge fixed capital invested by the Company in
his trade, affords the surest guarantee of the
oniinued excellence ofits Guaco
J. X. ROBSON.
Selling Ajrent. CiWIoston, S. C.
J NO. S. REESE k CO., Geueral Agents
January 4 3m
COMPOUND- A CI 9
PHOSPHATE OF LIME,
'OR COMPOSTING WITH COTTON SEED.
rllIS \RTICLE IS MANUFACTURED BY
tue PACIFIC GUANO COMPANY at
batlcsion. S. C.. under the ?u per', ?ten dence of
tr. ST. JULIEN RAVEN EL. ? hen ompoet
d with an equal weight ot Cotton Seed, its
Mutts have been found ful*, n(.i?l to the best
tankard fertilizers. lu econ..n y murt commend
: to the untie? of planters generally.
For speeiQc directions for compiling and for
applies, apply to J X. ROBSON,
Selling Ag^nt, Chnrlc?<;n,S. C.
JNO. S. RESE & CO., Genual Agents,
January 4 Sro
CHARLESTON, S. C.
BOARD, PER DAT. 58.00.
OST. aaniLToe, ms. x. i~ at:ITKBFTRLO,
Superio ter dent. Proprietor
A SPE r-LIlY, FLOUR SACKS, PAl'KK
f\ BAOS and WRAPPING PAPKR.
At EDWARD PEKRY'v
t* M?*etir?g-stccet, opposite Charleston 17-M.
Oct 5 ea?