Newspaper Page Text
WE |XN ES PAY? J CJy E 21
The Sumter Watchman has ?
far the largest circulation (esp
dally in (lue surrounding counfr
of any paper published in Sumtt
and was established in 1850.
BOWEN SENT TO THE PENIT E
Oar readers wili find a report of t
elose of thesecoDd Bowen-bigamy ca.?
printed in this issue, which will be re;
with iutcrest. He goes from the famo
halli- of Congress to look upoa the inn
walls of the Penitentiary.
What a commentary upon the Reco
structioQ (so called) forced Dy tl
Gorernment of the United States upc
South Carolina! And shall wc doub
its force by putting bis late colleagu
B. F. Whitemore, by his side-pi
nobile fratrum I The one convict*
because action was brought-the otb?
voted out of Congress, and permitted I
go "uuscatbed of justice," simply \n
cause action was not brought again:
him. And these two from tbefirst an
same delegation sent to Congress, by th
Reconstruction machinery-fifty pt
cent, ot South Carolina's representado
in the lower house of Congress .' Dives
ing it of all bitterness and acrimony
the most withering exposition consisi
in a simple statement of the facts: Th:
o? four members to Congress from th
State, at thc s&me time, one was twic
driven away as unworthy, and thc otbc
is sent to rtie Penitentiary, by a Unite
States Court, for a heinous offene
against virtue and decency and the las
of the land I
ROT ONE CHEER 'FOB ?BANT.
Horace Greely was the recipient (
unusual attention, in bis own city t
New York, on his return from Texas.
The Lincoln Clsb Rooms and Un io
Square, immediately adjacent, tecme
with the friends of the philosophe!
with flags blue and scarlet, with star
silver and golden, portraits of Lincoln
Grant, and other High Priests of tb
"moral idea" suasion, engravings o
"Sheridan's Hide," "Lady Washington'
Reception," "Washington and hi
Generals," "The Signing of the Eman?
cipation Proclamation," and such like
in bcttrugeueous association.
Greely was cheered with vehemen
enthusiasm, but the ?lien says there wu
"not one cheer for Grant I" The men
tiou ot him but once (in kindness b;
the philosophic speaker) being receive?
in total siieuce, though the vast assent
blagc was composed mainly of Republi
cans! What a coutrabt, exclaims tb<
Sun, between this cold iudifferenci
toward the President, and the enthusi?
asm with which the simple Farmer o
Cbappagua was received and welcomed
And then it touehe? him off, io con
elation, iu this style :
"President Giant no longer has t
follower among thc Republicans ol
New York, except among the offici
holdiers, and they arc not for him
except for the time being. His incon?
ceivable stupidity in breaking the Re?
publican party to pieces ; his corruption
in appointing men to office who hud
given him presents; his quartering his
own worthless relations upon the Treas
my ; his betrayal ol the Cubans to the
Spanish slave traders in consequence of
money paid to Sidney Webster ; and
his elevation of a convicted bribe taker
ic high office iu the State Department,
have disgusted hottest Republicans with
him. His administration is the most
indecent ever witnessed iu this country.
May its ?ike never be 6ecn again."
THE COTTON SI r I AITON,
The Department of Agriculture at
Washington has received return? from
nearly three hundred counties, repre?
senting thc most productive districts ol
each of the C<?:tun States, and showing
the comparative average aud the con?
dition ol the crops in thc first week of
June. A diminution in the area plant
ed iu cotton appears iu every State ex?
cept Honda. Thc most cartful analy?
sis of thc returns with due regard in
making averages to the exteut ot cotton
production in the respective counties,
gives thc following per centage of re?
duction in comparison with last year.
Virgiuia 30 per cent; North Carolina
14 per cent; South Carolina 13 perceut;
Georgia 12 per ct nf; Alabama 13 per
cent; Mississippi 15 per cent; Lootasoa
3 per cent; Texas 14 per cent; Arkansas
10 per cent; Tennessee 12 perceut.
These ^tdte averages reduced to a
geoersl average, the assumed acreage
of the respective States being an ele?
ment iu the calculation, will place (he
reduction of the cotton ?I 1871, as cont
pared with that of 1870, between ten
aud fifteen per rent., equivalent to
neai ly a million and a third of acre*.
Thu would leave between seven and a
half and eight million ot acres BS the
present urea iu ootton. Tbs average
yield bait not io former yeera exceeded
150 pounds to the acre. That for 1870
waa more than 200 p'juud*.
Tho erudition of the growing phtut is
below the average in nearly every State.
The spring hs? been unusually wet
Md odd, retarding growth and coating
Bi ny of the phtois to turu jellow and
die, eud obstructing cultivation to s
larg? exteet. Bephwiiog bas filled tht
vacant places of imperfect stands. 'like
whether has recently been^inoro favora?
ble, and it is not impossible ' that an
average condition may be ?obtained by
the comm es cement of thwacking sea?
THE IOWA DEMOCRACY.
The Iowa Democracy held their State
Convention on Wednesday. The ques?
tion of the "new departure" .turned
upon the appointment of committees,
and the vote showed three to one in
favor of it.
State after State, as their Conventions
meet, fall ruts Une under the Dem ocr", io
banner inscribed with the living issues
of the day, as the rallying cry of the
approaching contest-a struggle, to be
more hotly contested, probably, than any
this county has ever witnessed. Pru?
dence ou the part of the South will add
greatly to the strength of the legions of
the party in the North and West, as
will imprudence on our part damage
greatly our common cause.
We copy the following justly de
served complimentary notice of the
Pavilion Hotel, from the Charleston
"This popular bouse, (and deservedly
so) announces tbroffgif its head-Mrs.
H. L. Butterfield, in thte Courier to?
day, that the price of board bas been
reduced. The Pavilion bas ever enjoyed
a wide spread reputation, not second to
any other well kept and excellent house,
as its numerously filled register from
day to day cun attest It is admirably
situated io one of the most eligib.e por?
tions of the city-corner of Meeting and
Hasel Streets-with verandahs running
its entire front length, (rum which an
uoiutcirupted view can be h*d. In the
character of its Superintendent, a well
known host-Mr. ll. Hamilton-officials
and corps of employees, it is not ex?
celled ; while itt? table is Dever behiud
in laying before its patrons the sub?
stantials aud delicacies of this aud
adjoining markets. We know that our
f'i lends here and elsewhere will bear us
out in thc statement we make iu re?
ference to the old Pavilion."
W&~ We re publish from the Charles?
ton Courier, an interesting news para?
graph in relation to the busiuess of the
leading New York Steam Line from
that city, and add the list of the "GYor
gia's cargo," whioh is truly enormous in
.NEW YORK.-ExportsS. S. Geor?
gia.-1,709 bales Cotton. 8G bales
Duuiestic Goods, 403 bundles .Paper,
2U7 tierces Rice, 298 barrell llosiu, 7
caaks Clay, 100 packages, Furniture,
?S.e. Suudries-282 barrels potatoes,
-,005 boxes Vegetable?, aud 251 boxes
Peaches and Fruit.
trom Courier \?th June, 1871.
"THE STEAMSHIP 'GEORGIA '-COT?
TON, HICK, PEACHES ANI>TOMATOES -
The "iron Line" is an institution. It
spreads oat iu freights aud passengers
c o u s i d e r a b 1 y, and wc record this
morning the agreeable faet that a 2,000
ton steamship can get at Charleston-in
June-not only a full cargo, but another
on deck. We wish the 'Jribum't cor?
respondent bad been about Union
Wharves, between sunrise and sunset
yesterday ; it would have been a better
point of observation for one on the look?
out for business then White Poi'it
Garden, which, 'we wish to remark,' is
at the promenade end of the city. And
then the 'Mrs. Grnndys,' who are ?o
auxious about Charleston, because!
no big ships ean come in you a e e-they
could have witnessed a regular coasting
steamship leave ber dock on a draft of
eleven aud a half feet of water, and
carrying away six thousand packages ot
Cotton, Rice, Naval Stores, Clay, Do?
mestic Goods, Fruit and Farm Truck,
and all sorts of other things-all of
which would have made 'em feel languid
over their "deep water" investments.
The fact is, ita rather carly to establish
a harbor expressly for the use of the
Southern Pacific Railroad. Now, ?fa
steamship can be constructed tb carry
three thousand bales of cotton on twelve
feet draught of water, ain't it chetper
to build the new steamship to suit the
port than to build new ports to suit ob!
steamships f Passengers appreciate the
Iron Line ' From'Way down South
in Dixie' come the tired aud dusty
voyageurs, reeking for these deck state?
rooms, so eoel and newly furnished ;
and the dwellers oo the far distant
(ahawba and Alabama have already
heard of 'BOOTU 8 dian era on the Gcor
?fia.' BOOTH is a rising planet of the
DELMONICO order, sod is sought after.
"The ' Georgia's' cargo andpasaenger
list is referred to elsewhere as evidence
that Charleston does some little
"THE FAIRFIELD DF.PABTIBE,"
It is gratifying to hear from all sides
that the crop of Fairfield this year is so
far, take it ell round, ibe best crop we
have had since the war; that it has cost
a;;d will have cost much less to make it;
that of tho excuse uiuch mor" tba?
heretofote will have been cash paid duwu
aud no credit; iud that everybody is
< onfioeut that tba cotton crop st least
will bring a fairer price next winter.
Thia is thu style of ' departure" we be?
lieve in. Let usgo in steadily on this
line, and political troubles will is time
disappear. While the Democratic party
are doing us royal ?arvice as Ute Njrih
by letting the negro alone, which will
soots compel the ??ad?enla tu let the
SOL-: beru white man alone, let the Koa tb
keep aloof from any attempt ala leading
part in national peltries, sad lall into
line upon "the Fairfield departure."
This is s free country, ?frsty man
and every County ba? as tanah le^sl
righi as Vallaadigaam to "depart." It.
is bot justice that the press slteaid pah
?i*b"suco "departare," ead lat the peo?
ple rafee* opon it. We call the tttea
t ion of thc ?tate and of twa Coothero
people, therefore, to "thc Fairfield di
partore.1*- W?tntboro Jactes.
Close of fte Bowen Bigamy Ci
\^eeifunt^ Jf?ge &Hrt$Speech of
Prisoner*-He Bjjpts for a Pardoi
[Special Correspondence Baltimore Oaxetti
WASHINGTON. P. C., JUD? 13, lc
-Upon opening cf trie Criminal C<
this morning. ex-Coogressojan ?.
Bowen, convicted of bigamy, in wb
casa tbc motion for a suspension
sentence was argued yesterday, appea
io Court with his latest wife, Mrs. 1
tigra King Bowen, and Messrs. Kio
and Moore, of bis counsel. The b
being early, tbere were but few spec
tors in the court room.
JUDGE OLIN'S DECISION.
Jude Olin said this is a motion
suspend the sentence of the law in 1
case, aod, as a consequence, to lot
prisoner go at large on bail until
exceptions taken at the trial are c
posed of by the Court In bane. I h;
beard a somewhat protracted arg um
on this question, conducted with mt
research and learning.
The ' conclusion at wbich I h:
arrived, after a eareful examination
this question, is that it is my duty
pronounce the sentence of the law up
the verdict in this ease.
Possibly this Court has the power
suspetd passing sentence for any cri
charged ID an indictment after tbe vj
diet of guilty by the jury, but fem
thc authorities it is, I think, char tl
such a power should never be exercU
unless it was clearly and roan i fes
apparent to the Court that injustice b
been done the defendant.
Since the trial of this case, I ha
carefully reviewed the exceptions tak
on the trial to my rulings, and 1 :
unable to discover any error in the
and so believing, I think it my duty
pronounce the sentence of the law.
There is another question incident;
ly involved in this case which I do u
decide, and that is, whether upon pr
nouncing sentence io this case, ai
when a bi il of exceptions has been fiU
a judge of this Court may not suspei
the execution of the sentence and I
the party to bail until the quest in
raised by thc bill of exceptions hit
been settled by the Court tu bane. Th
question I do not decide 1 am of ti
opinion if I have power to suspend tl
execution of tbe sentence, any Judge
this Court has thc same power, and as
have come to the conclusion that
committed DO error on the trial of tl
cause, an application to mc to suspei
the sentence would be unnecessary.
The Judge asked: "Do you wish
say anything, Mr. Bowen, in udditic
to what your counsel has said ? If s
you can have the privilege ot'doiugso
MR. BOWEN'S REMARKS
Mr Bowen arose, and as he did .=<
Mrs. King Bowen convulsively clung I
him, but finally he persuaded her I
take ber seat, nod said :
If your honor pleases, I ato awai
that perhaps anything I can say woul
have no effect. I will say this, an
perhaps all that I shall say; In thi
transaction I took the step that I di
last August in good faith, and for sfvet
al reasons: First, I had relied upon th
record I had obtained in New York
and here let me say to my friends thu
if there was anything wrong in fha
record it was the fault of those partie
who took my money and obtained thc
record in 1865. If your ilotior wi 1
bear with me one moment I will go ove
that point, as perhaps it is thc last tim
I shall cay an} thing upon this question
The entry made io that book, an<
the testimony, unimpeached, in thi
Court, as it stands to day, is tbat thc
whole entry, though there are erasure:
there, was in the handwriting of om
person, corroborated by the expert thai
the Assistant District Attorney himseli
put upon the stand.
Further than that, the clerk testified
'.hat it wai in the handwriting of thc
clerk in that office who died three year:
ago. That testimony stands to day uu
One step further, and I am done, ax
far as that record ia concernid. Ont
year ago she (pointing io the direction
of his wife) enclosed ber money to (be
clerk of that Court, and obtained a copy
! of that decree, aod on that copy she got
IF THE RECORD IN NSW YORK WAS
it is the fault of those mee, and the way
they do business there. I sm now done,
so far aa the record is concerned.
Qotside of that, the act of Congress,
which I had seen and read, and which I
had shown to law vera, there was but one
u ti i ver?sl opinion in regard to. 'They
all said that that covered the case.
Moch was sail about my
ABANDONING THE WOMAN IN AUGUSTA.
If I could have opened my mouth, I
could have shown, perhaps, why the
abandonment or desertion took place
But my mouth was closed; io was hers.
I will say this much : I would have
been willing to have had her open her
mooth upon that Question. Whatever
may have happened iu 1852-the dif?
ference between us at that limo I do
oot plead as auy extenuation
A BOT OF 18 AND A MOTHER OF 30
I say i do not mean that. Working
for a living, toiling every day, was i to
sit down there io that little town aud
starre to death? Wheo I went waa she
togo wita sue? If she did oat <?o whose
.fault was it? This could have been
shown. I made every effort that I
could make in 1862. I made- what
might'be called the last-I sent a mes?
senger to her trying to settle this diffi?
culty. It was pot into her hands ; though
wheo the messenger went aud knocked
at the door, hr v>ai told ?fot no such
person lived io tut house. After p:-r
aiateot inquiry be feu nd a person who
?LER NAME WAS FRANCES HICKS,
, and that perhaps the letter was intend?
ed for ber. Wheo she waa fold that the
letter was from me, aod that liras stop
ping st s betel, ia tba very tova, isba
said: uTake tue letter back; I waac
oethiog swore Co do wita bim. Tell bim
to send sew aw more ?fi?asages." The
next ?ky I seat ?gah?, sad wfih a eimi
lar result. fha* ia the testimony in this
ne**, - Th? Dui ri? A ?orney fays tbat
I oooW have, foaod tba womeai; thai I
eooW : bera -gow fa ber a? Angara.
GrarfltlMttl eoafd, but bad I say ea
MBiwftwJeot a* say time after that that
i ?tard meet wi tb say better reception?
Wat lio go there a?d force myself into
the house? Nay, no ! But time passed
oo, and, aa I say,
IN I860, THE DIVORCE WAS GRANTED.
I troubled myself no further. I did oot
secrete myself. 1 did oot run away ;
but, within'100 miles of that woman, I
sat down in public life; and she (Mrs.
Hicks,) nor any of her friends, can to
day say she ever made an inquiry; that
she ever opened her mouth, notwith?
standing the newspapers were filled with
my name from day to day being twice
elected to the position which I had the
honor to fill on the hill (the Capital.)
NEVER OPENED HER MOUTH,
all this time. When I made np my
mind to get married, the newspapers
heralded ir all over the country. It
was shown that no one had any claim
"upon me, for LC one said a word- They
all stood mute, and when inquiry was
made of the very man who took that
stand-Hatcher-when inquiry was
made of him he denied to the Counsel
in Augusta that he knew anything about
it, and here let me say t .at so far as
MALICE AND PREJUDICE
is concerned, I do not wish to say any?
thing about that, though I could say
much. But suffice it to say that this
prosecution-if you are pleased to call
it that-grew out of this, and this alone.
I stood in the way politically of some
one, I must be gotten out of the way.
lu a few minutes more
THE SCENE WILLCLQSE
(with head bowed, evidently much af?
fected.) So far as politics is concerned,
that is at end. They did ao*- go to this
woman at the commencement of the
prosecution. They traced up some one
else. They came here and got an in?
dictment. It made but little difference
upon what I was convicted, so long as
I was gotton out of the way.
A WOMAN BT THE NAME OP PARK,
was found, who had said, previously to
that, in her own hand writing, that she
had no claims upon me.
On that indictment I was put on trial
in this very room At the very time
that I was put upon trial the District
Attorney had in his hand the sime evi?
dence that he had here; and while he
sat here holding that evidence he urged
my conviction in the Park case on the
ground that Mrs. Park was my lawful
Hardier and Christian, the two wit?
nesses in the last case, were concerned
here in the first ; bat not a word did
they say Why. then, did Hatcher not
say, "I have an aunt in Augusta who
feels aggrieved''"' No, hut there he sat
saying to himself, ''So long sis this m?n
can be convicted, go on." They failed
in their conviction. In less than an
hour after that failure I was arrested
opnn a warrant in the case of Hicks and
from that time down to this it has been
I AM TIRED AND WORN OUT
with this pursuit of me. Tho whole
combined South at one time attempts to
fight the Governmen- of the United
States They continued if for four years,
and failed Ir is useless, it is folly for
any tine man to attempt that. One
man without money, and perhaps, only
a limited number of friend?, to cope
with this Government ?a a prosecution
of this or any other kind. I say it is
impossible. They pay tln-ir spies. They
pay their men. They n?"ck the country
fiomone end to the other, having all the
money needed at their command. In
this I do not moan to cast any imputa?
tions or refloc'ions upon thc District
Attorney or his assistant. I only say
that I am tired and worn o t.
A nrw trial is spoken of. I do not
know that I hare any assurances of any
better result Not that I have acted
wroug in this cass intentionally, your
Honor, but sent to prison at this time,
what could I hope il a new trial were
granted this fail, and I returned here
WITHOUT MONEY, WITHOUT FRIENDS,
and was put upon my trial for the second
time. These gob tk men (District At?
torney and his assistant) having the
privilege and the means of roaming thc
country to hunt up all ?ort* of witnesses,
it seems to me th u I could not hope for
a much bi tter result.
In conclusion, I say that whatever
punishment may fall upon mv h.ead. I
stand here to receive it From the
commencement of this affair I hive not
I MARRIED THAT WOMAN
(pointing to his wife) last August in good
faith. Though the laws of the country
may annul that, I have a firm belief
that the laws of God never will, when
whatever punishment that may be in?
flicted by this Court shall have been
served ont if wc are spared (turning to
hi* wife, v ho rittet and receives his ex
tended hand) I return to her. (Mn.
to ber husband ) Mrs. Bowen io a
moment or two resumed her seat, at the
request of her husband.
Mr. Bowen c< nun oed-I contend, or
did, that that 'statute of limitation was
a sufficient bar to the action of bigamy.
I agree with your Honor that if it had
l een proved here that I had deserted
that woman in Augusta, and gone oft,
that that statute would not have applied.
But such is not the fact.
Sining down within one hundred
miles of that woman, and aha refusing
to communicate with toe, she never
making a solitary inquiry for sac during
that five years, I say that that statute
was a sufficient bar to the indictment
that was obtained here io this Court
One word more, and I am done. To
these gentlemen who kindly off* red to
eo my bail, lam much obliged. I have
acted by them, as I have io this whole
rtanaacJion -in good faith. Today
they are relieved. I am truly grateful
NOT, yoor honor, I tm done. Pass
your sentence. ioa know the euc tod
the circumstances thtt surround it.
The Court-The sentence of the
Court is, Bowen, thtt yeo be confined
for two years io thai Albany peoi
. A WIFE'S LOVE.
Mri. Bowen-(Clinging closely to bet*
husband, io t feeling tu toner said io t
8 rm yot geo tie voice) "if he did it, 1
did it. If ha ia to beset too tod, please
sentence me. You hove o?-right, your
Honor, Before God Al?i^r ??Mt
punishment oposhim alone for wh&t I
did also With that record 4n my hand
I stand before this Court and before my
God. I'procured it. It waa obtained ?a
good faith. . If irregular, if invalid, we
are not-io fault. Ob, sentence me. I
c ?nnot part from him. He is too pare,
toogood. You know him not; Ido
FINE AND r IMPRISONMENT.
The Court.-Madam, I have a duty to
perform here, and, while I sympathize
with you from the bottom of my heart,
I most still perform thatduty.
In addition; Mr. Bowjja, to tbe ita-*
pnsonment for two years io the Albany
penitentiary, you will pay s fine o?
1 bone the Warden of the jail, if you
are committed to bis custody, will post?
pone the execution of the sentence until
you have an opportunity to apply to some
of my brethren on this bili of exceptions
1er a stay of the execution of. the seo -
I may be mistaken. I do not profess
to be unerring about this, but I have
given my best judgment to it. The case
is so sad that it draws blood from the
heart. You are a man of great intelli?
gence. You are surrounded io such a
way that it is sad to be compelled, as I
think I am compelled, to pass the sen?
tence of the law.
I wish, from the bottom of my heart
that it were otherwise. But I have
brought my best judgment to the case.
The law must be administered, how?
ever high your social position may be,
and however sorrowful thc surroundings
may be. If I had any doubt about the
rightfulness of the verdict, I might
have taken another course. Bat I do
not see how 1 could do it. While I sit
here, I must perform my duty as I un?
BOWEN IN JAIL.
The Court was then adjouroed, and
Mr. Bowen was directed by the Marshal
to his office, where he was followed by
Mrs. Bowen and one or two personal
friends, and waited long enough to re
ceivc his letters from the Capitol, wheo
thc commitment having bees made out
be waa escorted to jail in s carriage by
Bailiffs Sp.ague and Stahl. On turning
him over to Warden Crocker that gen?
tleman showed them io his private
office, and stated that he would give
Mr. B. as comfortable quarters a? possi
ble, and they spent some time togother
in thc office. Mrs. Bowen was quite
affected, and shed tears freely. Mr.
Bowen stated that his friends would
apply fora pardon, and expressed strong
hopes that they would be successful.
ALBERT GUBBRY, TUB ARTIST.
We had the pleasure of visiting the
studio oi this young artist the other day
in company with several gentleman. We
all expressed great admiration of the
portraits exhibited to us. They were
life-like and most admirably executed.
Some of them were taken from photo?
graphs, and the likenesses were striking.
The portrait of Dr. Furman was a paint?
ing w'iichNwould have done credit to the
most distinguished artist in this or any
other country. Tho likeness was perfect
io features aud expression. As a pic?
ture it evinced the greatest artistic skill
in conception and execution. Some
time previous to this visit, I had the
pleasure of seeing a portrait, jost execu?
ted, of my much lamented friend Rich?
ard Yeadon, Esq This portrait was
taken by Mr. Guerry from a photograph,
and excited the admiration of all Mr.
Yeadon? friends who saw it. It is now,
I believe, io tho Charleston Courier
Mr. Guerry is an artist of great
promise abd genius. He ts a native
South Carolinian, and will one day
reflect high honor on his native Stole.
Like all artists of true genius, he is a
geutleman of great modesty and diffi?
dence. Ile bas located himself in
Greenville, and reticently waits for his
beautiful and like like paintings to make
him known to tbs world sod establish
his fame. His. character ie pure sod
honorable, as faultless aa his artistic
skill Such a mao, with genios, tasto
and accomplishments, struggling with
adversity and moat adverse limes, should
be an object ot interest to all, aod
receive what be so well merits, a liberal
B. F. PERRY.
Greenville, S. C., June 12,1871.
The Charleston Contier says :
"We have DOW io oar ?See s mott
admirable portrait of tja* late Hoo.
Riobard Yeadoo, for ?soy years the
senior editor ot this paper. It was
painted by Mr. Guerry, s ostive Caro?
linian, sod does great credit both to his
skill and accuracy. Mr. Guerry ts oow
pursuing the duties ol bia artist life io
this Stale, sod we eora aa? nd bia to the
success which his talents so well de?
serve. He has lately painted s portrait
of the Rev. Dr. Furman, of Greenville,
which will shortly be oo exhibition io
this eity. We, with plessore, give
place to the following letter irosa Geo.
Easley, who speaks io tho highest tersos
of this effort :
GREENVILLE, May 17,1871.
Editors of the Courier :
DEAR SIRS :-I have had the pleasure
of examining to day, in thc studio of
Mr. Albert Guerry, a portrait from the
peooil of that young aod talented artist
of the Rev. James C. Forman, painted
by request of the students of the Uni?
versity over which Dr. Furman presides.
I hsve not ic s great while seen to
admirable s likeness or so beautiful a
picture. The drawing is perfect, sod
the painting exquisitely dooe. The
artist bat overcome the groatsst diffi
culty io bb art, sad bas cac ghi and
fixed opon his canvass the very attitude
ol bis subject, sad thal expression of
face which, more thoo the features
thessselvss, mark the) individuality oi
men. Tbe pot&on is very striking.- i
Thc Doctor aita io hts librsry, surround
en by bis books sad with the Bible open I
ovrhis bp-sod bi* finger oo tho psosigs
to which ho refers, bas just euoasesd
some gmt troth, awn with ?bat sott,
yet irresistibla earrtestae-s so peculiar
to his eloquence, looks oo his audience,
mtreetiog as? challeayicg belief. Mr.
Guerry issi artist ol whom tho people ..
of South Carolina ns?y well be proud. \
At tho request rfssaoy of his fKeocs,
ho amooosoatod t?es*^t?bi?aat?ag
ia yow city and Lo Cokartts. Should
a*' lattes nuc?*
he do BO, the lovers of art io those cities
Will not be displeased with a visit to his
rooms. Knowing, my dear sirs, with
what pleasure yon recognize superior
talent wheo honorably directed, I -take
Ute liberty of calling your attention to
this work of a yoong South Carolinian.
Very truly yours,.
W. K EASLEY.
DEATH OF HON. C. L. VAL LANDIG*
A Brilliant Lift Bxtlugulshed at Ita
- - - <? . ? - I
Showing how bia Client'? Victim might
hare Shot Hlmaelf-HUtsklns the
Leaded Platol-The Physicians Probe
In Tabs for th? Ball-The fsateaaaan
CINCINNATI, Juoe 16-Clement L.
VaUaadigbam, of counsel for the defence
of Thoma? McGehan, now on trial at
Lebanon, Ohio, for the morder of Myers
at Hamilton, Ohio, accidentally shot
himself to-night Howes in a room
with Gov. McBurney, and while showing
how Myers might have shot himself,
the pistol waa discharged, and the ball
entered the right side of the abdomen,
below tho ribs. What directioojthe ball
took is not koowo.
Later dispatches from Lebanon say
Mr. Yallandigham was vomiting, which
was regarded as an unfavorable symp?
tom, and ene of his physicians said
there were indications of an internal
The Doctors ceased their fruitless
search for the ball about an boor after
tho accident. They then* closed the
wound and plaeed the patient on his
right Ride. He was calm and collected.
It appears that no one was piesent
with Vailandigbim when the accident
occurred bot Ex-Lieut. Gov. McBurney,
who has been associated with him in the
defence of McGeban. McBurney had
expressed some doubts as to the theory
that Myers had shot himself Yallan?
digham picked op a pistol from the table
saying he *?ould show bim io haifa
Two pistols were oa the table, one
unloaded, and he by mistake took op
the loaded one, pot it in his pocket, and
withdrew it, keeping the muzzle next
his body. Just as it was leaving his
pocket it was discharged, it is reported
at nearly the same part of the body
where Myers was shot. He at once
ejaculated, ' Oh, murder !" and said b
hid taken the wrong pistol.
While the examination was going on
be watched the surgeons with eager
eyes, and even assisted them in search?
ing for the bail. The ball appears to
have taken a downward course in tb
direction of thc bladder.
A later dispatch says that the symp
toms are growing more unfavorable
His polee is above 100. The sur . cons
do nut arpear to be hopeful, although
they are reticent.
Still later advices state that his hands
and feet are growing cold. He vomits
often, but throws up no blood. Th
physicians say he is sinking fast. Hi
pulse is rising.
Later dispatches brought the tad io
teliigence of his death.
Tb? publie generally are invited to attend an
Exhibition ofay School, Tnsi?ay evening. June
27, at Solomon's Hall. Exercises to commen?a
at H o'clock.
Salutatory Address (origin*!), T. E. GILBERT.
Arnold Wiakelreid_.C. M. HURST. Jr.
Tb? Glory of mao passeth away J. R. H ARVIN
Rattl?orBessco,M.... D. J. CHA3DLER.
Henry V st the sein of H ar?
awan._W. W. DeSCHAMPS.
Cassias iastigatlng Broto* against
C*?ar..~..W. J. FLEMING.
Address nf Spartacus ta bis fellow
Gladiators. .A. C. W ALKER.
Downfall af Poland_,W. D. BLENDING.
Wasbiogtoa_H. M. GILBERT.
Bat?? o? Waterloo-A. M. FRASER.
Conquered Banner...... ....... J. 0. McQUEEN.
Criminality of Dooling........T. E. GILBERT.
Valedictory Address (originar), A C. WALKER
T. p. MCQUEEN.
Jaaa ll. 1171._
ra aaoersSfued a graduate of Columbia Col?
lage, aed Master of Bella's Letters, respect,
fatly informs the eitiseas of Sumter ead tba far
rounding country, that he is prepared te lasliaet
?ebola ri at lb?tr private residences ia
FRENCH, SPANISH AND ITALIAN.
CALLIGRAPHY, (Malaria * Goldsmith
MUSIC, (plane reeta.)
DRAWING, tia ?bafepeaL)
DRAWING, (is pastel.)
PAINTING, (bj oil)
' PAINTING, (M web* calara.)
Aar communication witt meet with prompt at
tsntioa, aadraatedis sara of tb? Watebmaa
Offlee. ^' HENRY A. HORN.
Br. ?T. 8. HUGHSON,
WOULD IN PO't M HIS PATR0N8 AND
FRIENDS, thats* has removed bia office te tba
nsw boildinj, ?a Maia Street, next aber? Mr.
T. T. Upshar's Store, where they may lad bias
from I? o'clock A. \tn te 1 P. m\ aad from 4?
ta HP. M., anissa pwfcasJnsslly ?rgaged. lr
absent tba/ will please leave their mimes ea tb?
After 7 o'clock, P. M, be will ba foaad at his
residence an Liberty Street, opposite tba Asade
22 b HOURS AHEAD !
The STAB eoatadaa VVATbST TELEGRAPH
un aasrkets, ead sH news of fartera* oe imper.
To Be G-iv
Land and Immigi
Under the auspiee* of the'*South Carolina 8Utc i
.-ERIES OF CONCERTS, at (be Academy nf Mu*
1871, for the purpose of raising a fund to enable en
Association for homes of Northern and European f
and for their transportation ihitbe- and support fo
REFERENCES IN SODTN CAROLIN A.-Gel
nor M L. bonhara, General Johnson ll?pood, Hoi
John S. Preston, Hon. W. D Simpson, Andrew i
J. L. Manning. Hon. J B. Campbell.
$600.000 to be awuided to tbe Ticket Holders of
of October, 1871, at the Academy of Mus c, Chark
150,000 Season Tickets of Admis
AH the premiums, including Deed and Certificat)
with the National Bank of the Republic, New Yor)
1st Gift, Academy of MOMC Charleston, S. C , cost
abont $20 OHO from Opera House. Stores and Ha
situated cor. of King and Market streets, in thi
eat building and aiost valuable property in Cbn
3d. Gift- C:.?h. .
3,404 Gifts, amount to............
AGENTS SOUTH CAROLINA LAND i
COMMISSIONERS AND SCI
General A. R.' Wright, of Georgia.
General Bradley T. Johnson, of Virginia.
Liverpool & London & Globe
ASSETS IN GOLD.....$20.?00.000
ANNUAL INCOME IN GOLD-... ?6,000,000
Rates aa low as any First Class Company.
OFFICE OF COUNTY AUOITOR,
SUMTER. S. C., June 19, 1371.
Thia office will be opened on the 1st of July
for the reception ?f Keiorns of Personal property
held on the 1st July, 1871. and will continue
open during the month of July.
Owly returns of p?rsoi>ul property are required,
bot all sales or transfers of Rral Estate ?nco
Septemb?r 1st, ?S7D, must be noted on the back
of the return.
The name nf the Township in which tbe prop?
erty ia held, must also appear on thc back of ibe
For vhe convenierce of those li ring in the
Western pnrt of the County, a competent officer
will be in attendance at Providence for ten days
from the 10th July.
At B;?hop*i!le and Corbett's store, parties can
make return* to my-vtf or s?me c.-mpeient depu?
ty on the 17'b July, a d f< r ten days tbreafter
Parties reridirg in Lynchburg. Shiloh sn.!
Mayeeville, can make 'heir retaras to Kev. J.
P. Smith, or Mr. W. D. Hinds, from the 20th to
Thor? who make their returns promptly will
avoid the delay and jetting which always ac
companivs ihe "leal day?" of tax faying and
I ask tbe eo-fiperatir.n of every citizen in ex?
tending thia notice so that no une will incur
penalties by ignorance or ea rc leonesa.
1 invite particular attention to the following
extract from tbat Act of the Legislature uuder
which this assessment is made :
SECTIO!? HI. That whenever a?r tax payer
ahall fail to make retama to the Aud tor of his
County, within the rime p'eserihed by law. it
shall be the duty of the County Auditor to eater
on the Tax Duplicate, against such tax-payer,
the property charged to Lim the previous year,
with 50 per cent, penalty thereto, except in case
of sickness or absence from the County, wheo
the true amount of property only shall be
Office hoar? at the Sumter Office from 6 A. M.
hip. M. from Juiv 1st tn 31st. '>pen every
day bat Sunday and the 4th day of July.
J. N. n.RBETT,
Jane 21 County Auditor.
THE CAROLINA WHITE SULPHUR,
CATAWBA COUNTY, N. C.
This highly popnlar wafering place will be
open for visitors on WEDNESDAY, Jane 13th.
The Mineral Water- of these ."nring* ar?, the
White and Blue Sulphur, and CbaUebeafe, the
me 'icioal properties of which are not excelled,
and a beal .bur ?nd more delightful watering
place not to be found.
The Springs will be under the management of
Jat. M. BLAIR, formerly of Yarborough Hoo.se
Ralvigb, N. C.. an experieteed hotel keeper,
together with Mrs Wai**, and visitors may
rely ?pon good fare and good attention.
Plenty of Ice, good Band of Musis sod good
Physician in attendance. Ac.
Leave Baltimore or Washington City in the
morning via Aequ!? Creek. Richmond and Dan?
ville R. K. to Salisbury, wbere you take the
Western and Morganton Road, and re?ch Hick?
ory Station (the Springs Depot) by half-past
nine o'cl ck tb? next morning.
Leave Augusta. Ga., at night, and take the
Charlotte and eiatesville Road at Charlotte you
reach the Springs early the next morning.
Charleston in the morning, and be at tbe Springs
the next morning
A good four horse Omnibus will ran in con?
nection with the trains to the Springs over a
beautiful road only six miles.
Per month, (or foar week?.)......... $40.00
Per week......... 13 00
P?*. 2 50
Children and colored aervaots half pri?e. Ne
charge for infants ender 2 year? of ago.
J. GOLDEN WYATT.
Jane 21 Isa
DISTRICT COURT OF TBE UNI?
TED STATES-FOR THE DISiKICT OP
SOUTH CAROLINA.-IN BANKRUPTCY
IN THE * ATTER OFT <0S. M MULDKOW.
LAS KHUPT. T whoa it may concern :-The
undersigned hereby give* notice of hi* appoir.t
?eat as Assignee of Thomas M. ? aldrow, of the
Cocnty of - a ta ter, sod Sute of 8vath Carolina,
within said District, who bas been adjudged a
Baakropt upon hi? own petition by the DUtriet
Ceert afraid District, dated May lt. A D 1871.
D. J. WINN.
Jane 21-3? Assignee.
For Sale or Sent
ATRACT Of LAND near Providence, in
Seester Coen ty, containing 238 acres, lately
??ead by C. C. Jackson, aa<i purchased by
hiss from Edward L. Murray sad Wi e, Teras
aWeiisnodatlag. Apply to Richardson ? Son, at
Seertat, S. C.
?. W. WITTE.
BACOBT AWD PORK.
160 BARRELS PO SK,
ss st HHD6, BACON,
1$ Jens D. 8. MEAT,
p w. emmmm.
igriculiural and Mechanical Society," ?ni pt
ic, Charleston, P. C., commencing October
ligranta to settle apon lands selected bj
armers ar.d others, in the State of S'>u:b Carat
r the first year.
lera! Wa.le Hampton. Hon. B. F. Perry, Gw
n. Armistead Bort, Ho:.. James Cbesnut,Get
:imonds; Esq., Hon. 0. A. Trenholm, Gore
' tue Series of Concerts to Commence on the ?
?too, S. C., on which day tbe Drawing ?
isioii, and no more, at $5 ea?
i of Title to Academy of Music, will be dep'J?
: to build $230.000, having un annual renti
Us : the building being about 230 feet by 60 i
5 centre of the city, and well known to be th?;
rleston ; va'ned at.
fCK. GARY & CO.,
LND IT?TilGRATIOX ASSOCIATIG5,
eneral M. C. Butler, ")
..hn Chadwick. Esq., > Charletton, S.?
eneral M. W. Gary. )
?ERVIS0RS OF DRAWING.
Colonel B H. Rutledge, of Scnth Cir?
Hon. R-ger A Poyor. of New York.
S. E. MOISE, Agent at Sumter.
r, S. C.
New York Life
ANNUAL INCOME.-. $7,U?j
Rates as low as any First Class Coapstj
Always on haw
Chas. K Moise* Co.
8?MTER, S. C.
Millinery and Fancy Goo*
?td get year SPRING BONNETS AND B* ;
OF i HE LATEST STYE& .
Fancy Goods in Varied
CHEAP AND PRETTY,
MISS Eo De B?ITTOiH
Xe? Beer le J. T. SCLOMON.
April ll ?