Newspaper Page Text
The annexed beautiful hues will bo
road with mournful interest. They
Woro written a few years since by Col.
Harden, of Illinois, while ^iu Washing
ton City, uud enclosed in a letter to his
wifo. It is some little satisfaction to
reflect that h'is burning desiro was
granted?that ho was buried at home,
where "birds may sing and friends arc
.high." He fell at the battle of Bu-ui i
"Vista, whence his remains were sent
home to his wile to be buried.
f'Dury mo not, when 1 am dead,
. . . Amidst the city's -hu e ?
Wkero Uiought!xv>Sj careless mortals tread,
And wealth and misery :.r?> ?'.etl :
Oh! bury me not there.
?dd t&? Kttotthl ' I ) '
~\uury nie not, when I'm no more,
r lUgh on the mountain bare?
"*"' ' Where inuight but eagles o'er it uoar?
Amd storms and temposts round it roar ;
Oh I bury me not there.
" '"' "Bury me not. when I'm at rest,
"Where martial pennons glare ?
Vbt empty show and gorgeous crest,
t;, ' tjan never soothe an icy breast ;
. f Then bury me not there.
?'Bury me not, when I shall sleep,
?V. By ocean's rocky lair;
Where winds and waves their vigils keep,
And ever moans the restless dcop?
'?Birr? sne not, tn-hen I am gone,
Say g In boundless prairies whero
'ihe tiiried dead arc left aloue,
Unmarked save by a cold grave stone?
, ? Oh ! .bury, me not there.
Jbna Jo^o VrnVTi r.
"Butbuvy me, when I shall di<\
'.Midst woods and flowers rare;
Whero nYr my grave the winds may sigh,
The birds may sing, and friends arc nigh ?
Oh! bury me then there.'' P. It. 1*.
Fatal Collision on the Char
lotte, Columbia and Augusta
* a ftailroad.
two MEN KILLED AND OTIIEKS IN
J L 3.ED? MIRACULOUS ESC A DES.
Jo Art ? ?' N? bt ? ??
A terrible and fatal accident occurred
on the Charlotte, Columbia and Augus
?' tu Railrcad last Wednesday morning
abont 9:15 o'clock, Gve miles and a half
above Columbia, at the entrance to a cut
near what is known ps Lightwood
Knot Springs, Pud a mile and n
half from Stack's Turnout, by a sOllia
ion between the down passongcr and an
irrsgular train. The result was that
km] ?fayiriasler T. Elliot Orchard aud a
colored employee of the road named
James Archer were killed ; Fjugiutar
,-? , Rcwlaiid Williamson had his thigh
broken and was olherwifo injured, and
several other persons receirod slight
injuries. The two locomotives were
o?o;iimdly broken up, two express cars
.smashed and two passengor cars <?ousid
crably damaged. Manager W. II. Cath
cart, of the Western Union telegraph
office in this city, was, fortunately, on
boatd tho passenger train; he immedi
ntcly cut the telegraph wire, and In
*' tapping with another wire co nmunica
ted the intelligence to Columbia, receiv
ing a reply on his tongue.- A relief
train, with surgeons and roadmen, under
directiou of Mr. F. H. Cordon, imme
diately afterward* proceeded to the secue
of the disaster.
The following is a summary of the
? casualties: Killed?T. Flliott (I.chard,
paymaster} James Archer, (colored,) an
employee. Severely injured?Rowland
Williamson, engineer; Wallace (oolorud;
newsboy. Slightly injured?R. Jami
son, engineer; W. C. Graham express
messenger; Jim. a train hand.? L'mon
A Wonderful Sale of Cattle.
C*?e rjt jwK r.i\.: i??? ?? ?X
OY.EU I't'HJY THOtJSAND DOLLARS FOB
aWtfl bam* t*r A COW
The most 'remarkable stile of cattle
ever made in this country took place at
vNww York Mill*, three miles from Utioa,
New York, on the IOtk instant, com
prising the hord of Duchess and Oxford
breeds belonging to Hon. Samuel Camp
bell. The Bale attracted the most promi
nent short horn breeders oi the world,
v ? ineluding representative, from the groat
grazing sections of Kentucky, Illinois,
?fe> OJtie, Minnesota, Canada, England und
Scotland. About five hundred people
lea stsaTQ present, including all tho Ameri
can breeders and the following from
England:' Right Hon. Lord Skelmera
dalc, whoso seat is near Livorpool; Mr.
ilalford, of Papillen Market Harbor;
Nr. Oaltbrope; Mr. Richardson, who
> represents Sir Curtis Lampssn, of Sus
sex, Mr. Berwick, agent for Lord Dun -
more, but who buys for Earl Bootivo,
recently Lord Keulis, of Uuderly Hall,
sjfov-vlJt^psbji'?i aud Mr. Kollo, agent for
Mr. R. Tavin Duvis, of Horton, dlou
,s*ster*hii'o; also Messrs. Cochranc,
. -, Christie, Miller and Ueattic, of Cana
The Duchess family, headed by that
noble three year old bull. Second Duke
of Orrcdia, came first in tho sals. He
sooner presented than Lord
tie offered SI 0,000. This
?kly followed by offers of ?11,000
?-\UiiU, uod ho was sold to Mr.
Thomas J. Megibben, of Cyuthiuna,
Ky. Next came First Duchess of Onoi
da. Tho bidding started at $15,000
and quickly ran up to $30,000, after
which bids of $100 moro wore made
until she was sold to Lord Keltnersdale
for 830,(J00. A beautiful yearling,
Seventh Duchess of Ouiedn, w;?h next
offered. Tin; bids .-started' at 85,000
und* luickly went up to 810,(.00, at
wh eh sum she was sold to Mr. A. J.
Alexander, of Kentucky. After her the
Tenth Duchess of Geneva came into tho
ring. The bidding starring at 500,
mn quickly up to 30,000, and then, by
smaller bids, to 35*000, at which she
\\ae taket: by Lord TJoctive, thr ittgli Mr
Berwick. Several fine atiitn ils followed
at high prices, aomu !o eruSa the Athiu
Trfeculhi'tniition of the tHtcnse iutercst
however, was reached in tho bidding f u
tile Fitghth Duchess of Geneva, which
was s .Id to Mr. 11 I'.ivin Davis of
Gloucestershire, KllglannY, tor the un
precedented ium of 40.000. After
this cloven cows of the Duchess family
sold fur 23S..S00, an uvorage of over
31;700. Of those, six went to Hnglaud
tit u cotf. 147,100} and five remain here
at a rest of ill,700.
AitCr the Duchess fa.nil/ camt the
Dxf .r ls, tJi?ll the orh<r families, tin
hull, bohig bv night in afcar all tiij c>.v*
There were in ail one h in Ired and
uluv'CU animals present, d. 'I ii* su n res
ided was 880,800. The Duchesshord
wits origitinlly from Kogl and, imported
in 1853,rand kept in pirfoct purity in
Duchess (louii y, .Ww York. For some
years tnauy ybiing animals, both mile
and I cm tile, have bean sold back to En
I *_i r d_
j THE 0RAN?rEBlTR9 NEWS
AUttHSTUS B. K?:>rTIiii)V,
Kinamiai. a?n Breixxss IIanar**.
Official Pnprr of lli?> Stale and
ef Oraiijsoburjjj < omit v.
ff^THK OftANGRB ?RO If EWS HAS
A LARGER CIRPU/UTfON Til an
any Other pater jn the cocx
SATl IIDAY. SEPT. 20, IS?:;.
Hi i iT ~ i i ?Ti t rfiT"-"ri"T
f?!:;.ll we Iiave a Cotton .Hill?
Sicaiii vs tVatcr.
We devote a good oral of nnr space
(his week to the*ropubiication (from the
Audeisen Connervutor of tho 11th in
stant,') of .icvoral practical ai>J interest
ing letters from ??11 krP.wn cotton man*
ufactcrers, to J. Y. lteed) Esq., of An
dcrson, vs' <> has taken a prominent part
in the endeavor to establish a cotton
mill in that prosperous aud enterprising
Iu a communication to the same num
ber of the Conservator Mr. Kced says,
with reference to the statements mado
in these letters, "Thesa wews are in
entire accord with u 11 the iu formation
eliekod on the snhjt ct, and show that
steam as a motive power i?* more rehia?
ble, and in the main, altogether as*
?> ot.on.ha) as water for propelling cotton
and ail ether k uds of ma n ufac: uro* au 1
is Inst superseding wAi^r power through
out New Koglsnd and elicwh-r-*."
The (saute i.u if
Section 1. of the Game Law, an
anjeudod at the last Scsbion of the
Lcgislatuic reads as follows :
That it shall not be lawful for nny
person in this State to kill any deer, or
worry them with dog", or otherwise,
with the intention of destroying them,
botween the fir/it da_, of January and
the first (Ly of Aogutt, in any year
Section 4. as amended at the same
That it shall not be lawful fV-r nny
persou, in this Slate, between tho lijfh
day of April and the 15th day of Octo
ber, in any year hcrcaltcr,- to catch, kill,
ov injure, or to pursue, with such intent,
or sell, or expose lor sale, any wild
turkey, partridge, dove, wood cock,
suipc or pheasant ; aud any person
found guilty thereof shall be fined not
less than tea dollars, or bo imprisoned
not less then teu days, which fine, if
imposed, shall go ono half thereof to the
imfermer, and ?the othfr half thereof to
tho sehool fond of the County where
the offense was committed.
I'.y another amcudmout robins arc
execnted from the list uf birds which
tl ?T*l*n,' i -" ?''' '? '?* '"< I I
were theretofore protected. *
It is singular what a little thing will
put a man out. A Jersey Citv lawyer
was making a high llowu spuoch the
other day, telling about angtds' tears,
weeping willows and silent tomb stones,
when his llo'ior said: "Confine your
remarks to the dog fight case." Tin
' lawyer sat down.
Steam V8 Water.
Eagle Cotton Mills Co.,
PlTTSBUBO, Pa., January 3rd, 1873N
. P. Kent, Anderson, S. 0 :
Pear Siu : Yoir letter of the 23rd
December is received ? and contentf
carefully noted. In reply, I will say
that I havt! no knowledge of any printed
iuiormatiou of "The comparative advan
tages, and disadvantages of steam nud
water as a motive power."
I have had considerable experience
with both, and urn free to say tint I per?
for steam, for several reasons :
1st. You can locato your mill to better
advantage. If you use water, you must
go where it is, and if you get a never
failing stream you will be very fortu
nate. Many of the largo mills at tho
Hast have been obliged to put in a
steam engine to assist in time of drouth,
or af Hard freezing in winter.
2nd. If you use steam you cau locate
in or near a town, where }ou will be
sure of a supply ol bauds to oporato
your machinery. In winter you need
steam for heating purposes, and must
have it, eveu il you use water as motive
3rd. The Gist cost of ."team is much
less. The location muat be very advan
tagcous, or the dam and other arrange
ments miiiht cost two or three times as
V-V. ' |
much as steam.
It seems to me, tho only question
with you is- that of economy. Have you
cheap fuel ? If so, I would nay, have
st am by all means. It is easily adaptodj
and, if managed .by a man that under
stands his business, will prove cutirely
You have many advantages that the
mills in other parts of the country do
not enjoy, and I can see no reason why
a cotton mill in your place should not
be eminently successful. Do not make
your capital less than 8200,000. Many
enterprises of that kind fail bocauso
they are too small to successfully com
pete with larger ones. Tho general
expenses ef a small are nearly as much i
as a large one.
If ?jTOU succeed in raising the capital,
1 W??ld like to make a few Suggestion?
before you organize. I have been
through this business twice, and know,
of some mistake*, that have been made.
Yours truly, Ac,
JOEL SMITH, Jr.,
Ol-'FICJt OF T>' E PaKFORTTI locomotive
and Machine Company, Patterson,
January 8, 1872.
J. P l.eed, Anderson, <S'. C. :
De \r Sir : We have your favor of tho
2!>rd ult, and note costents. Iu reply
we have to flay, 31bs of coal with a geod
steam engine will give 1 horse power
per hour. This is sufficient to drive 32
spindles and preparation equal to> lib of
coal for 10 spindles per hour. This, for
one year, at 10 hours per day, would be
3,120lbs ef coal, which, at 80 per ton.
will give a cost per spinilo for one year
of 78 cents. Add for wages of engineer,
oil, wsstc, &c., 4 cents per spindle, and
wo have a total cost of 82 cents per
spindle for one year. One ten of coal
is equal to 1 i corda oi wood ; at 33 per
nord, tho cost will be less, say Sets per
spindle, making tho cost of st-sam
power, burning wood, 74 cents per
spindle for oue yoar, working 10 hours
The cost of water power will depend
on tho locution. If you can get it for
uolliivig, it will be less than steam pow
er; depending, however, upon the cost
of dam, race-way, Ac. With us, where
water power cost* from nine huudred to
eleven hundred dollars per square foot
under a head and fill of 22 feet, the
cost lor power per spindle is 81,40 per
Some of the collateral adranfages of
steam over water are : less heavy gear
ing to got up speed; a more steady
power; steam for heating and drying,
making sizing, Ac., besides you can
locate your mill anywhere, convenient
to a railroad, or where it may best suit
Tho advantages of w\ter over steam
are : simplicity of machinery ; lass eire
required in its management; and no more
cost for running long or short time.
With the above data, you can decide
as to the relative cost of steam or water,
where you propose to locate your factory.
Respectfully yours, &e.
J. P. Heed, Esq.?Dear Sir: In
answer to your inquiry I will state that
I am not a manufacturer, but have had
some knowledge .of the workings of a
steam cotton mill for tho last twenty
I have been the president of the Mu
oon Manufacturing Co , and though hav
ing nothing to do with the workings of
the mill, I have kuown all about il.
About 1850, there were eight or ten
steam mills put up in Georgia. I am
sorry to say every euo of ihoui fuifcd
eawbt ours. Tlie causes of their fail
ures were, 1. Thoy cost more than the
subscribed capital, 2. They were badly
constructed, and wero not properly run
by efficient men. 3. They wero badly
legated as to fuel aud transjortation
'Itwao were, I think, tho main caust s of
* * Our mill was well
We had excellent machinery?
fine geods, and it has jxiiil ul><>iit
tent before and since (he war. *
Since the war with our '>/</
vtaihinrty and co?'ly fuel wo find it
tjjfflnilt to compete with the Northern
31 till). * * * We use'wood
for fuel, which costs us $4.00 par cord.
Wo 'uso Etc orha diy.
j Yours, &oM
I, JOHN J. G RES H A M.
Pjendi.exon Factory, S. C,
July 11, 1S73.
Mjk Dear Sir : I will try to answer
TOUT?quiri<*8 in relation to inauufactur
ing cittou in South Carolina, a^d par
tieulJrly iu Anderson I'ouuty. 1 uu
dentafld you as wishing to ascertain the
amount of capital required to put in
operation sufficient machinery to wear*
daily some 1,000 to 5,000 yards of I
shirtings, similar, iu kiu 1 and quality,
to Grahitevillo and Augusta .shil lings.
To erect lire proof buildings of brick,
to purchase and placu in operation ma
cbinory enough to manufacture 9,000
yards of I shirtings daily, will cost in
rouud numbers $100,000. With a new con
cern ard-alw;4)s connected some expenses
(as purcbusc ol land aud the like,) which
cannot be exactly estimated. Besides,
it costs (ess to improve some locations
than others. So it wiil bo axle to say
?llO.?UO, which will more than
coyer all the costs, and leave some cash
capitar, eu which to commence busi
Now, I estimate the profit on the in
Ivestment ^o be 221 per cent. You sty
this is a largo dividend; this is true, yet
it is not up to the earnings of the Pen
'idletou Factory for the past five years,
/which have been fully 201 per cont. on
' the capital irjvested- While saying this
much, I am speaking from an experieace
of over thirty eight years as operator,
manager and owner of factories: and 1
am fully capable of correctly estimating
the profitableness of cotton manufactur
ing, and cspecii^'y of manufacturing in
South Cardlinn, having bsci connected
with the business iu this Suite lor ?o u:
twenty-five yuan past.
With the estimate of buildings and
maohinery, 1 w+Jl furniih you with the
cost of a steam oogiuc to drive 'he facto?
ry; and also the daily coat of fuel, com
pared with tho cest of water power
There is nod mot. generally speaking,
that steam is moro expensivo than water
to drive. Yet, there are advantages
arising from uuing steam as the motive
power, which will, in some ctses, more
than counterbalance the increasel cost.
When steam is used the location is at
your option, which is not the case wh mi
water is used, because you must locate
the factory to suit the power. With
steam, you locate the piwur to suit the
In order to give you a clear under
standing ef the difference i n the relative
advantages of water power and steam
power, we will say that you with to lo
cate your factory at Anderson C. H., or
rs near that place as possible. In the
first place; a* water power is the cheap
est, when it can he obtained, (advanta
ges of location being equal.) wa will
ascertain the nearest perint where water
with the proper full can bo obtained iu
sufficient quantity to give you the power
necessary to drive your factory. I'yon
inquiry, we find that there is a location
suitable for our purpore; just six miles
from the depot in Auderson. Now, we
will assume that the co-it of land and
millsite, with mill dam und race way,
and the water wheel ready for operation
will he the same as it will cost for land
and the steam engine placed in position.
(The actual cost will be about the same.)
With your Factory six miles from town,
you will have to use wagon transporta
tion, which, from from i^n amount, will
require one four tuulo team, and one
two mule team. With two drivers, the
daily expenses, with wear and tear, may
be safely put at eight dollars per day.
You will bear in mind that these teams
must haul daily, aud their loading
must be kept dry.
Mew, locuto your Factory directly on
the Railroad, near the depot, where you
can have a side track branching into
the yard near your engine, so as to de
liver wood, and deliver and receive
freight on the spot. Do you not suppose
that you could s**c six dollars per day,
over and above the cost for wagon
transportation, with your Factory loca
ted six miles from the Railroad 1* I
certainly do. Tho six dollars thus sav
ed you can apply to the purchase of f eel
for your steam engine. My estimate is
that it will require three cords of pine
wood daily to give tho necessary power
to run tho Factory twclvo hours, per
I Again, you can, if jou chooso, put in
a somewhat larger oogino, which will
enable you to drive, in connection with
your Factory, a Grist Mill, (corn and
wheat,) Saw Mill aud Plauing-muchine,
with work shop for turniiig wood and
iron; and all this with but a small ad
dition to the cost of fuol, &c. I will
not stop to discuss the advautag-js of
having a saw mill and grist mill ho near
you. Von can estimate that better than
:'l can, having felt the need of them.
As to the advantages of having tho
factory located in town, I have to say,
that it will giro employment to not loss
than ono hundred hands, whose daily
wages will average fifty cents each.
This makes 850 per day, or $15,000 for
a year of 300 working days, all of which
will bo distributed in your town. Now
add your mills ami planing and turning
shop, and you have some 85,000 more ;
or a total of 820,000 in cash, in which
your professional men, mcrehants,
mechanics, and trades people in general
will share. We have a perfect right to
expect 825,000 in dividends on the
amount invested ; which, to cover all
the additions named, will be about
$125,000. Now, yau have tho snug
sum of 845,000 in cash drawn to your
town annually, xhis is not a visionary
nor a theoretical calculation. It is one
based on practical knowledge of matters
pertaining to the subject under cousider
'1 his matter should be viewed in yet
another aspect. Wc must cousider the
enhanced value of the cotton raised at
home. Comparing 1,000 bales of cotton,
in its raw state, with 1,000 bales after
being manufactured into goods, we have:
1,000 hales f/> 880 per bale ... ? 80,000
1,0(10 " 0>. 8190 '? .$1011,000.
You see at a glance that you have
realized an enhanced value of $110,000,
over and above the cost of the raw ma
tcri.il ; which is a clear addition to the
wealth of the County, from the opera
tion of a single factory.
Pkndletcn Factory, S. C.,
July 24, 1ST 1.
I>rur Sir: I have before me Apple
fi n's Journal, in which I find industrial
statistics of some cities in the St*te of
New York, some of which may interest
The city of Syracnsc, with a popula
tion of 43,0S1, has a capital of 811,871,
t>00 invested in 21 manufacturing estab
lishments. The total value of manu
factured artirlcs sold annually is $20,
Rochester, with a population of 64,
424, has a capita) of 15,000,000 invested
iu ."50 manufactories. Total valuo of
manufactured goods annually is 823,
Auhnrn, with a population of 17,233,
has 85,075.000 invested in 21 manu
factories. Annual value of productions
Uswego, with a population of 29,919
has 85,108,000 invested in C manu
factories. Annual value of productions
is 13,000,000 j
L tiea, with a population ef 823.8 )4,
has 80,225,000 invested in 19 manu
factories. Annual value of productions
While calling attention to the above
named citiea, and the large amounts
there invested in maanfaeteries ef var
ious kinds, I do nit wish yoa to con
sider them as being exceptional ss
manufacturing ocntres. Snch is not
the cat". You may take all the towns
und cities, and villages, even, and you
will find about the'same amount invested
in manufacturing; in proportion, of
course, to their population. Have we
not* in these facts, sufficient evidence to
satisfy us as to the reason why their
farmers are so prosoerous, their State so
populous, their cities, towns and villages
so progressive and wealthy ? Is it not
owing to their diversified pursuits,
which make a home market for the pro
duce of their farms ? The farmer,
mechanic, and manufacturer, being near
neighbors, buy of each ether, and sell
to each other ; hence money is kept at
home, and circulates freely, putting life
and vigor into all pursuits. In short,
the farmer cannot greatly prosper, un
less he has for his neighbors the mech
anic and manufacturer.
For your information, as to tho rela ?
tivc cost of stosm and water power to
drive cotton machinery, I give below an
estimate of the expenses of operating
two adjoining factories, one driven by
steam, the other by water. They arc
both spinning fine yarn, and a careful
estimate of expenses *as kept for ono
month, so as to test the question of cost.
In the one driuen by water, it cost oight
and nine ope hundieths (08.09) cent per
pound, to manufuoture. Iq tho steam
mill, it oust eight and fif:y-oric hun
dredths (08 50) conts per pound, to
You will see it cost a trifle more to
opcrato by steam, that) by water, looa
tiou and other things being equal. If
you wish further evidence, go to- Fall
River, M assnchuset^s, which is now the
leading cotton manufacturing otty \:\
the Uoiled, States, There you will Mud
st earn lurgcly used as a motive-power.
Iudeed, two-thirds of the mills are dri
7eu by steam. A friend of mine who is
now tho manufacturer of Granitevillc,
recently visited Massachusetts; and af I
ter inspecting tbo Factories at Tall Kiv
er, told me on bis return, that he would
at all times prefer steam as a motive
power. .You must bear in mind that
the Steam Engine has bocn improved
within the past few years, both as to
power, and the saving of fuel.
It is said we have not sufficient capi
tal to go into manufacturing. I think
that is a mistaken idea. Truly, money
is scarce with us. Stil', can we not effect
our object by co-operative means? Iff)
five men cannot provide capital enough,
ten, twenty, ouc hundred or five hun- i
drcd can do so. Let us unito our
means?jet us do, as men do elsewhere,
when they wish to start a usw busings.
I kuow men iu the North, who hav sev
eral hundred thousand dollar.-) inve?teg
in factories, aud they have net more th: n
520,000 in any one concern. They take
stock iu several factories, preferring to
have the risk divided. How many per
sons do you know, who cau spare 8100,
S200, S300, ?100, $5 ?0, or $1,000, or
even ?5,000, to invest iu a lactory, and
do it without crippling their prcseut
business'! There are many farmers,
merchants and professional men, who
can spare some oue of these uiuouta, or
more. It, will pay them handsomely to
put ull their spare capital into a facto?
ry. 1 am, respectfully.
WM. PL Kit Y.
Won. J. P. Reed,
[CO M M V N 10 AT ED.]
Mr. Editor :
Dear Sir.-?As many persons are
making the inquiry that is very concisely
answered by the accompanying from the
"American Furnier? Advocate," will
you please insert 7
As for political favoritism, it is not
known that we have any tendency to
politics, if it be so it is as yet undevelop
ed, whatever msy be the position of
some of our member* outside of the
Grange. So far as is now known
tho News may have as many or more
subscribers in the County G ranges, as
any other paper. As no p ilitioal te<w
are made during initiation, or after
ward, perhaps politicang will alow
us to muster unmolested under
our bauuer of Agricultural Brother
M. L. BALDWIN,
Secretary Orange Grange,
WHAT IS A 'ORAltOK ?
This is a question we have of.eu
nuswsrcd beth through the columns of
our paper and privately. We give be
low one of the most ceucise and perfect
explanations of the grange aud its eb
jocts that we have ever met, and recotn-;
mend it to the study an 1 reflection of
all who feel an interest io this impor
It is an organisation of farmers. It
has for its object improvement. It is
Resigned to elevate aud enlighten the
farmer. It would qualify him for his
God given profession, ll aims to bring
about these objects by association. It
unites those of the same calling into one
great brotherhood for the protection of
all. It establishes in svery neighbor^
hood a lecture room?which is the
grange itself?in which the important
truths are unfolded. It disseminates
valuable information, that all may be
bsnefitted. It collects as well as
disseminates. It is an intellectual insri
tution. lu calls for an exercise of the
mind. It briugs mind in contact with
mind, and yet, by the contact, other
minds arc illuminated by tho friction.
It draws our our latent talent. It makes
active aud tangible what has bceu be
fore dormant and unsceu. ll shows the
importance of cultivating brains as well
as soil. It demonstrates the fact that us
rich harvests are developed by brain
culture as by soil culture; that a great
crop of weeds bus grown up and smother,
cd out the useful plants by the nogleet
of brain culture. The grange is a social
institution. It makes a grand brothor
and sisterhood. It unites by strong
ties those that havo been beforj
strangers. It makes each feel an inter '
est iu all, and all in euch. It heals up
the wounds of the unfortunate. It
administers comforts te the sicjt and
elevates the sufferings of tho distressed.
It is a husband to the widow aud a
father to the orphan. It makes every
neighborhood, one kind, affectionate
family. It is a financial institution. It
sicks to obtain for its members the
highest price for their products;. It
looks to the good of all. It learns how
and when the price can be obtained. It
cuts the Gordian kpot which has bound
the farmer to the middle men, who has
absorbed tho chief profits of hit labor.
It buys the necessaries of life where
they can bo got cheapest pud best. It
throws its protecting arms over and
around all, and would make thorn inortv
It' is reported that tho A?t p iaiod eA
the last session of the Legislature, which
. -? ..r*-?r=r aar?
was said te be lost, revoking the power
of the Coinptroiitr-Geueral to levy taxear
in curtain cases, has been found, and it
is believed that] it w ill be approved by
the Governor. If so, does not this
render the mandamus in "the ease of
Morton, Bliss & Co., of none effect ??
Charleston .Ckronid e
Marius??On the 21?t Augusjt, J878, by
Rev. Dr. I. 0. Durban), Mr. J A MKS A.
COBB, of Greeavnie, B. C., |o Miss 8. V.
WILSON, Of OrangWirg, & ' *
Diko?ih Orangiburg, on the 7th of 8
timber, 1S70, after a lingering illness,
little BUTII, youngest child ofja-nesA.
and Jauo M. Williame, aged two years, four
months and eleven days. Ttio bereaved
parents have tho heartfelt sympathy ot
many friends, aud, although feeling deeply
the keen pnng of sorrow at the loss of this
jewel from their niid.it, they havo the
consolation of knowing that, in ob? lience to
the divine command of Jesus, she now re9's
in tho abode of Him who kneavctb the
Dumber* of tho sand* of the sen, before the
troubles aud sorrows of yaura had caused a
heavy heart to bid the world gocSMry
'?Death's.angel has breathed ob'UTc dclicat
And blighted Be bloom will? decay!
Yet know, weeping mother, thai oceans can
More sur?ly than death's narrow sea ;
The child uf thy love has not left fh.ee fore
Is not even parlod from thee V\
Die??Mr. Alfred SMITH, son of Mr. *
* William Smith Jr., and a cousin of Mr.
l'uluski M. General, diod on the Oth instant
in Amelia Township of Typhoid fever.' The
deceased was highly esteemed by all who
> knew him. Be was but 21 years.of age and
TV"otlce. ? The 4o!?:iriii??r*Iiir>
j\ existing between W. 1*. CAiN and CJ
L. HOOK, uuder the name of Cain & Hook
is tbis day Dissolved by mutual consent.
W. IV CAIN,
C. L hoor.
Lewisvillc, S. C, September, 1st, 1873.
The Business ?iU.be continued by the un
dersigned in his own name, who will also
clotio up the buaiue*s of the old firm.
W. P. CAIN.
sept 20 ? A . WT 3
By order of Probate Judge, I will con
tinue the sale of the sHOek; of goods of the
Ksta?e of the bite LAWRENCE D. CLARK,
tie ceased, after the custom <>t merchants,
uutil the thirteenth day of Octobernext, at
the store in tho Town of Lewisvillc. \)u
thai day, aiid from ?luv t-^ <my thereafter, I
will sell at public ?uetiou, all remaining;
personalty of said Estate, ombrjojsjfc mer
obandJas, fuuiture, hordes and other
chatties, at the seiae pl*oe, Te?ne oa*h.
BOSA* V. CLARK,
September- 20? JS7S St
By virtwo of Sundry Executions to me di
reetcd, I will sell to the highes' bidder, at
Orungeburg C. II., on tha FIRST MON
DAY m Uetober statt, IfW* CASH, all
the Bight, Title ami Interest of tht Defend
ants in the following Property, vii :
1. One tmct of land in Orungeburg Coun
ty containing 2tKk acrea? moifyor less,
bounded by binds of John McftBch e.T.
F. Keuucrly, Denial Keaaccly, H. D. Bolei,
David Murphy, M. A. Davis anJJaco?
One other tract in said County, contain
ing 290 acres, more or less, bounded 1 y
'lauds of Rufus H. Huffram, Thomas i.
Kennerly, Joba McMiehael, II. H. Bonnett
aud John R. Hilhou*. Levied *m as the'
property of Benjamin Byas at the suit of W.
M. Sain & Co.
Sheriffs Dffee, %. ?: gg 1. CAIH,
Orangeburg C. II. 8. C, V S. O. C.
Sept. 20th, 187?. >
sept 20 td
DR. C. R. TABEIt.
LRWlStTILtB, S. C.,
(ST. MATTHEWS T. O.,)
t|)5 A Valuable I5*tcmUo?s|>5
? ? ~~~~ t- * ia>a*
AN FNTIRELT KHW
OXLY riVK DOLLARS.
WITH TIIS sbw
Patent Uuttou Hole Worker.
THE MOST SIMPLE ARD ttyM1*VLCT IV
'tttNsf JW,flblr1 *
THE MOST DURABLE AND ECONOMI
CAL IN USE.
A MODEL OF COMBINED STRENGTE
Complete in all it* parts, uses the Straight
Eye Pointed Needle, Self threading, direct,
u'pright l'usiiive Motla*, Hew Jtosjta, Self
Feed and Cloth Goi.Vtfr. Opera*?#f*Wh*el
and on a Tu'.ic. Light Running, Smeeth
and noiseless like ail good high priced
machLuee. lias patent obesh to prevent the
v,i:i-. i being turned tliu wrong we* Uses
ih. d direct frofa th^aj>joJ/ Makes .
the Elastic'Leek Stitch (finest ond strongeeSjSj|
Mitch knovn :) firm, durables elesa -?
rapid. Will do all kinds/if Werk, Una
coarse, frotn Cambric t'e heavy Cloth
Leather, and uses all descriptions of thread/
The best in talent in America
and Europe, hajt be*|U4tW(>ted U improving
? iid simplifying our" ?jachinos. combining
6 lly ? I lust which is pvnctiuablo, and dis
pensing with nil complicated surroundings
generally found in ether machines.
Special terms ,and extra inducements to
male anil female agents, storekeepers. &e.t
who will establish ageooica. ?bre/egi* the>
country aud keep our now maohiuea on ex
hibition and wale* i. ouoty tigl^s. sjvon te>
Mnart a-aits free. Agt nt s cgnn^lele outfits
^BWross, BROOKS SBVV1NG MACHlNfi
CO., No. l:i'J'J Broadway, New-York,