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VOLUME I_ SATURDAY MOpNING, DECEMBER 13, 1873._ _JtfUMERJ6
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ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR |
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DR. PATRICK'S COTTON PRESS
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County begs 1 leave to call the'attonlion of
COTTON PLANTER8 to (ho same, and
would adviso evory ono in neod of a COT
TON PRESS to purchase a patent at onoe.
For CHEAPNESS, SIMPLICITY, und
POWER, it has no equal.'
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?perandi" of said Press, can do so by calling
ttf the Store of J. W.^ratrick & Co., R?ssel
Street Oirangobiirg C. H., 8. C, where a
mnfot'udittsbsi'Been, :or addressCapl. Joff
STOBJJS Geh'l Agent Midwuy 8. C.
*,'lffr"';r ; J i: W. PATRICK, Agt.
v.; . Omigcburg Counly S. C.
The Farmer and Merchant.
Who Needs "Backbone"?Views ok
a Countrt Merchant.
Editors Milwaukee Journal of Com
merce :?I notioc in your issuo of Octo
ber 22d, an interesting column called
"Good Reading for Fanners.'' It con
tained several letters from the files of
Milwaukee merchants, showing that
dealers of tho country arc slow in meet
ing their accounts because the farmers
of the West won't pay their store bills
until they can sell their wheat at a price
that will suit them. Out letter, ad
dressed to tho M hcauJecc Journal of
Commerce, and signed "Country Mer
chant," appeals eloquently to tho far
mers to sell a portion of thoir crops,
even at a sacrifice, and pay the country
dealer for tho sugar, tea, ooffeo, pork
and dry-goods that they have been eat
ing up and wearing out all summer and
that he owes for. Thut letter is so full
of truth and sound suggestion that I
hope you will let me quote it here in
full. I will here say that I tth*h that
every one of the fifteen hundred news
papers of the northwest would place tho
contents of this letter before their read
ers. There is not a word in it that any
honest and reasonable farmer, who pays
his debts (like every other class of busi
ness men) exactly wheu they fall due
. nd whether it is entirely convenient
for them or not could object to. And I
believe that it would make a great,
many farmers who are unbusiuess like
and really dishonest without meaning
to be so, reflect a little and see how
mean thoy are in this matter and how
much harm thoy are doing to tho busi
ne*4 interests of the whole country from
Sun Pra.irie to Noj&J?^^
"TlmelTthey arcT injuring themselves. It
every one of yo> r exchanges in Wiscou
sin, Iowa, Minnesota, Michigan aud
Illinois, would copy this letter of
?'Country Merchant," I know it would
save millions of dollars this winter to
Milwaukee, Chicago and New York. It
would prevent innumerable failures, and
take the teeth out of the wolf, ''hard
times," that is abroad in the land
deranging the machinery iu finance
Stopping manufacturing industries, lower
ing the market fur produce, aud threate ?
ing the very homes of farmers them
selves. Here are
views oe a country merchant.
Sin PnAiuiE, Wis., Oct. 14, 1873.
Editor $ Milwaukee Journal of Com
mercc:?We havo at all times been told
that tho agricultural communities, which
mean the farmers, are the great bulwark
and backbone of the country. We
willingly concede that it is true. In
politics thoy say who shall rule and
they send who they will to fill our halls
of legislature, seats in congress, pre
Bideutial and judicial chairs ; and when
they move in organized bodies, as they
uow are doing, they create an influence
that intimidates and frightens our great
railroad kings. They say, thus far have
your land grabbing schemes, subsidies
and theft of the public domain gone,
but they shall go no farther. Wo do
not say they are wrong. So far, so
good I But let us look a little farther
and see what is the duty of tho hour.
Where ought we to look for the com
mercial honor of our country ? Most
assuredly in the backbone of our country.
We look for itj do we find it where,
moro than any where else, wo ought to
What is tho courso pursued by a
large majority ol our farming commuu
In tho spring the country merchant
goes into tho market and buys his stock
of goods, fills up his store; and Messrs.
A., B., C, and perhaps a hundred more
of the backbone of the country, come
aud make their purchase* through the
summer for themselves aud their fami
lief, with the distinct understanding
thut when they get iu their crops they
will pay their accounts. Some of these
farmers uro well olf?rich ! worth four
times as much as the man whose sugar,
coffee, pork, tea, <tc, they nro eating
through tho season ! In tho full they
harvest their bountiful crops. Their
bius stucks aud barns groan with their
well filled contents; and tho poor
country merchant who it may be is
"hard op" to pay his creditor, and want
ing to replenish his stock, meekly asks
for his money according to agreement.
In nine cases out of ten what answer
does heget? Here is whore the "com
mercial honor" of tho backbone com c?
in. Ho is told that wheat has gone o IT
fire to ten cents and that till tho prico
advances the Fanner will hold his wheat.
The ngreomcnt to pay when ho "got off
his wheat" meant when ho sold it, &o,;
that he was able to pay interest, &c,
and the merchant must wait. As the
poor merchant who owes in Milwaukee,
Chicago, New York or Boston cannot
sustain himself on his kind of commor
cial honor, he goes to protest, loses his
credit, becomes a bankrupt, or near it,
and all because bo is afraid of offending
bis backbone constituents by insisting
ou what is only bis just due.
We Venture to say that of all our
farmers, mechanics, manufacturers aud
professional men, the least commercial
honor is to be lound in tbc agricultural
communities of tbc country. If you do
not believe it ask almost any of the
country merchants doing a credit bus!
ncss. Now, farmers of Wisconsin, Iowa,
and .Minnesota, what is your duty? Are
you so privileged and favored a class of
community that all of the world outsiJo
of yourselves aro expected to be prompt
in their dealings and honorable in their
engagements, while you cau flout to the
wind.? every sentiment of integrity und
fair dealing, because, forsooth, tbc puice
of wheat is not satisfactory and you aro
able to bold your wheat, or can go to
uuothcr store to buy your goods, because
tbc merchant ueeds what you owe him.
Gentlemen, pay your debt* ! 1'ay
your country merchants! Give him the
means to keep his credit good. Don't
let him go to bis bed night after night
to toss ou his pillow thinking where the
'money is coming from the next few
days to keep him from being driven to
tbo wall. Aye ! with your bius full of
cash wheitj even ut a sacrifice, pay ycjir_
LiULt---*? -ray?ror''w"h~at~ yoii have eaten
and are wearing out. that he owes lor !
And then, gentlemen, you will have n
right (aud not till then) to stand up in
your Granges and talk about elevating
the position, socially, of tho agricultural
community of our country.
Yours, Country Merchant.
This is what "Country Merchant"
has to say to the fanners, and I hope
farmers will read it aud heed it. JSiow
I have a word or two to sny to "Country
Merchant." IIo talks of "backbone '
How much "backbone" has he ? Lot
us see. He says :
As the poor merchant who owos in
Milwaukee, Chicago, New York or
Boston cannot sustain himself on this
kind of commercial honor, he goes to
protest, Io?os his credit becomes a bank
rupt, or near it, all because he is afraid
of offending his backbone constituents
by insisting on what is ouly bis just
Jtight bore is the trouble. The
country mcrchaut is "afraid of offend
ing" his farmer customer, so he lets him
drag iu his payments, while he goes
whining to his creditor because he can't
collect whut is due him. Does Country
I Merchant try to collect? Does he
insist upon getting what is his just duo,
just when it is due? Does he crowd
Squire Corncrib, and tell him he must
come to tiino or have the lawyers and
the sheriff after him ? In short, does
Country Merchant himself show the
least particle of "backbone" in his deal
ings with his well-lo do obstreperous
farmer customer ? No, sir. Mr
Conutry Merchant is ^afraid of offend
ing." He begs and whines for pay
from Squire Corncrib. and goes on sell
ing moro goods to that honest yeoman
who was never known to sell a bushel of
wheat on a raising market because ho
always expects it is going higher, and
who never pays Country Merohant until
ho gets roady. When absolute want
and oomroore-ial dishonor stare him in
tho face, Country Morohant perhaps
whicijs so hard that Squiro Corncrib
gets mad and says: "Wall if Smith
don't want to trust me, Jones will."
What does Country Merchant do then ?
He sits down und writos an eloquent
plen to his oity croditor, placing all the
blame upon his (armor customers. I
tell you, Mr. Editor, Country Morchan,
is just as mnoh to blame for the bad
business habits of tho farmer as the far
mor himself. The fttVmor nover oxpects
to pay his debt r.t a definite time bccnu-io
ho has nover been obliged to. Coun'ry
Merohant assert his rights. Lot him
fight for them. Let him dotormine not
to go to the wall baouuso tho farmer
customer who is richer than he won't
pay his just dues.. Let him not bo
"afraid of offending," Let \\im inform,
Squire CorncriM that he shall not get
another yard or goads or a gallon of
kerosene on orcuit until ho squares his
old account. Let him tell Squire Corn
crib to go to doT/es, or any other place,
to do his trading until he can walk up
and pay his little bills like a respectable
business man. [Let him placo his ac
count, if need be/in the hands of young
Law Calf. [
If Squire Corn'orib is the man wo take
him to be, ho '-ill rcBpect and honor a
creditor who adobts a manly course like
this. The farmpr is, alter all, to some
extent a rational Hing. Ho is not
much worse, i?" not mueh better, than
the rost of manktttd. He will bully and
despise his creditor if his creditor will
let him, and h; will respect him if he
won't. Th? faring is slow and irregular
and businoss like about paying his debts,
becauso he hasInevcr been taught any
better. It is the busiuoss of the country
merchant to tei.ch him that a debt is
a debt, and tha^ it must be paid when
payracut was promised, whether wheat
is two dollars jir a dollar five. Tho
country uierehannis, in my opinion, tho
man who stands! most in need of "back
bone." . j
I" City Mekcant.
Milwaukee, Oct., 30.
Rules for tl
e Care of Sheep.
The general agent of the American
Emigrant Compjany gives tho follow
1. Keep sheepjdry under foot with
litter. This is crsn mere uccessary than
roofing. Never 1-jt them stand or lie in
mud or snow.
2. Take up hi.itfb rams early in tho
j ?uuMycrTTrmriiCBp rlitnirup~urn.il Doooui
her iVt, lollowiug, when they may be
3A I>rop or take out the lowest b-.rs,
thus savin"; broken limbs.
j4. Count every day.
5. Begin graining with the greatest
care, and use the smallest quantity at
G. If a ewe lose her lamb, milk her
daily, for a few days, aud mix a little
alum with bersaU.
7. Let no bogs oat with the sheep, in
8. (Jive tho lambs a little milk feed in
time of weauiug.
9. Never frighten sheep if possible to
10. Sow rye lor weak ones in cold
weather if you can.
31. Separate all weak, or thin, or
sickj from those utroug, in the fall, aud
give them special care.
12. If any sheep is hurt, catch, it at
once and wash the wound; and if it is
lly time, apply spirits of turpentiuo daily
and always wash with somethiug heal
ing. If a limb is broken bind it up
with splinters, tightly, loosouiug as tho
13. Keep a number of good bells on
24. Do not let the sheep spoil their
wool with chaff or burs.
15. Cut tag locks in early spring.
16. For scours give pulverized alum
in wheat bran; prevent by taking care in
changing dry for green feed,
17. If ono is lame, cxamiue the foot,
clean out between the hoofs, pare the
hoof if unsound, aud apply tobacco with
blue vitrol, boilod in a little water
18. Shear at once any sheep comiuene
ing to shed its wool, utde&s the weather
is too severe, au<l sare carefully tho
pelt of any sheep that dies.
19. Have at least ono good work by
you for reforronoo. This will bo money
in your pocket.
Captain Frank Molchers, of Charles
ton, publishos the following card:
"The Rey. Mr Robert Ncutnann, mis
8ionary ofCnstlo Garden, New York
haviug oomo to tho South, under tho
direction of tho commissioners of imuti
gratiou of New York, for thu purposo of
seeking a new field for tho immigrants
arriving daily, is de?irous of plaoing a
few hundred famjlicfl in South Caroli
"Uudor the auspices of tho German
Society of Charleston, tho uudersignod,
therefore, calls upou the planters, farm
ers and others who desire to have some
of theso laborers, to write immediately
and de?ignato what kind of laboroy? thoy
wish whole families, or single labo
rers, Germaus or Italians, craftsmen
or farm laborers.
"Planters who have land for sale at
low prices or who desire to give a por
tiou of their land free to immigrants,
will also' please state it, as a por
tiou of the immigrants have money
euough to start a farm if they get the
laud gratis or on a long credit.
"An opportunity presents itself hero
to draw the long desired immigrants to
our State, and if all act r,romptly, sover
al thousand good men may come here.
"The undersigned is ro uly to devote
his time for the purpose, and oniy de
sires the cooporatiou ol the citizen-? of
"Editor Deutsche Zeitung*'
All the papers in the State are respect
fully, requested to copy the above as of
ten as their liberality will dictate.
Tho Value of a Newspaper.
A mechanic tells an interesting story
of bow ho was induced to take a news
paper, and what came of it, as fol
Ton years ago I lived iu a town in
Indiana. <Jn returning home one night
?for I am a car neuter by trade?I saw
a littlo girl leave my door and I asked
my wife who she was. She said Mrs.
Harris had sent after their nowspaper,
which my wife had borrowed. As we
sat down to tea my wife said to me:
"I wish you would subscribe for the
newswapcr; it is so much comfort to me
when you arc away from home.'
"I would like to do so,' said I, "but
you know I owe a payment on the house
and lot. It will be all I can do to meet
She replied : "If you take this pa
per I will sew for the tailor to pay for
I subscribed for the paper; it came in
due time to tbo shop. While readeng
one noon and looking over it f. saw an
advertisement of the County Goriiutis
fiionnrs to let a bridge that was to be
built. 1 put in a bid for the bridge, and
the job was awarded to me, on which I
cleared SoOO, which enabled me to pay
for my house and lot easily, and for the
newspaper. If 1 bad nut subscribed for
the newspaper I should not have known
anything about the contract, and could
not have met my payment on my house
and lot A mechanic never loses any
thing by taking a now.spnpcr.
"The simplicity of domestic life iu
Gcrmnny," saye a writer, "has not been
overstated. My respect for the 'staff
of lifo' has wonderfully increased since
the introduction, for, with a bread an.I
butter diet from morning till night, I
find myself at the end of each meal
looking forward with avidity to tho
next. To hear over bountiful American
tables of the five daily German meals is
somcv.bat satiating, but when oucgets
here he finds it is not a question oftimos
of eating, but bow to get enough every
timo. And so to dyspeptice and cloyed
American appetites 1 say, Throw away
your drugs and tonics and take the first
steamer to Germany. Tho intellectual
longings for a mastery of tho language
will be quenched in tho more impcrn
tivo cravings of a lower order of nature.
Hut with this simple fare1, which socms
sometimes hardly a fair exohango for
your generous supply of thalers, you
are treated to a good deal of affection,
introduced to all tho relations of the
family, and at the end of a few weeks
you lind yoursolf wi'h quite an cxtcn
sive circle of acquaintances.'
Manners aro more important thaa
money. A boy who is polite and pleas
ant in his manners will always have
friends, aud will not often make enemies
Good behaviour is essential to prosperi
ty. A boy fools woll whon ho docs
well. If you wish to mako ovorybody
pleasant about you, and gain friends
wherever you go, cultivate good man
ncrs. Many boys have pleasant man
ners for company, and ugly mannora for
We visited a small railroad town, not
long since, and were met at tho depot by
a little boy of about oloven or twelve
years, who conducted as to the house of
his mother, and entortaiuod and cared
for us, in the absence of his father, with
?8 much polite attention and thoughtful
care, as the most cultivated gentleman
gould have don.Q. Wc said this to his
mother wheu wo loft her homo. "You
are greatly blessed iu yoursan, ho is so
attentive and obligiug."
"YeB," sho said, "I can always depend
on Charley wheu his lather is absent.
He is a greut help and .oomfort to uio."
She said this as it did her heart good
to acknowledge tho cleverness of her
The host manners cost so little, and
arc worth so much, that every boy can
Tho Wanderer's Prayer.
Oh a cold, dreary evening iu autumn,
a small boy, poorly clad, yet cleanly and
tidy, with a pack upon his back, knock
ed at the door of an old Quaker in the
town of S-. "Was Mr. Lanmen
at home T* "Yes." Tho boy wished
to sec him, and he was speedily ushered
into the host's presence.
Friend Lau man was one of the
wealthiest men in tho County, nod
President of tho L-Valley
Railroad. The boy had come to sec if
he could obtain a situation on tho road
lie said he was an orphan?his mother
had been dead only two months, and ho
was now a homeless wanderer. But the
lad was too small for the filling of any
placo within tho Quaker's gift and he
was forced to deny him. Still he lsked
I the looks of tho boy aud said to him:
"Thee ma}' stop iu my house to night
and ou the rnorrow I will give thee the
name of two or three men in Philadol
phia, to whom thee may nppl; with as
surance of kind reception, at least. I
am Eorry I havo no employment lor
Later in the evening the old Quaker
went the rounds of his spacious mansion,
lantern in hand, as was his wont, to sec
that all was safe, before retiring for the
night. As he passed the door of the
little chamber where the poor wandering
orphan had been placed to sleep, he
heard a voice. He sioopou and listened
and distinguished the tones of a.simple,
earnest prayer. He bent his ear nearer,
aud heard theso words from tho boys
"O, C.ood Father in Heaven! help
me to help myself. Watch over me as
I watch over my conduct ; and care^for
mo as deeds shall merit 1 Bloss the
?rood ivr.n iu whose house T am sheltered,
and spare him long, that he may con
tinue his bounty to other suffering and
needy onc3. Amen!
And the Quaker rcspondod another
Amen as he moved on ; and as ho went
his way ho meditated. The boy had a
true idea of the duties of life, aud pos
abased a warm, grateful hoart. "Ivcri
ly believe the lad will bo a treasure to
his employer !" was his concluding rofleo
When tho morning came, the old
Quaker had changed his mind oonccrn
ing his answer to the boy's application.
"WHo learned theo how to pray ?"
asked Friend L.
"My mother, sir," was the soft reply.
And the rich brown eyes grow moist.
"And thee will not forget thy mother's
"I cannot, for T know that my success
in life is dependent upon them,"
"My boy thee may stay hero In my
house ; and very soon I will take thoc to
my office Go now and got thy break
Friend L. was gathered to the spirit
harvest shortly after tho breaking out of
the late war; but he lived to see the
poor boy he had adopted rise, step by
step, until he finally assumed the ro
sp 'iihible office which the failing guar
diau could no longer hold. And to day
there ' is no man more honored and re
spectod by his friends, and none moro
feared by gamblers ond cvilmindod
speculators -it irresponsible stock, than
is the once poor Wanderer?now prcsi
dent of one of the best managed and
mo>t productive Railways in the United
Tun Story of a Tramp.?The Troy
Whiff of a recent morning tolls tho fol
lowing story : "A groat uumber of per
sons who aro known as "tramps" aro at
present waudcriug about the city. A
part of these aro undoubtedly Scoking
employment, whilo othors are vagrants
from preference and habit. On Monday
uftornoou ono of theso wandorors accosted
a Whig representative on First street,
and said : "Can you toll a fellow whore
he can get work V Receiving a negu
tive reply, tho miserable man related his
woes as follows: "Stranger, I do not
want to go to tho poor houso, bub 1 an.
afraid thoro is no.)ielpiO?:ifcA,. Lhjrvo
traveled every step of. .the way froa
Utica, and asked for work at every tows,
and of e^ery person, and begged my
lodging and my food. I kept up my
courage, for I had hoard that TroySfsa
a large mnnufacturing'placo; and I Was
sure, sir, that I could-get something to
do so that I could earn an honest living.
My dear mother lives near Buffalo (h?ro
tho man began to weep), and she La
expecting money from me to pay Ahe
few dollars she owes for rent, and to b?y
coal and wood for tbc winter. My G?d,
sir, I wish I was dead." Hundreds of
men who have been thrown out of em
ployment by the recent -money >pt.3ta
will, we fear, be obliged, like thii n,x.'*t
to seek tho shelter of the county poor*
house." ? v *?dt tfjuii >>tf > orl
Right Kuid of Matrimony.
ut -1 ?' .' I ? Hh if ?.? ty.n .'?????
We advise all, of every condition, to
marry. It is no excuse to say the times
are herd. They have a saying in Ireland
that two can pull better aud stronger
than one, particularly if Ehey puii cheer
fully together. Therefore, begin at
once. Tho harder.the times tho greater I
necessity for companionship comfort aud
consolation. . . i
Tbs Ghristain Intelligencer, treating
of "Suitableness in Marriage,' remarks
that the marriage which is based on a
fair, mutual estimate of charactor; which >
is the unison of kiudred miud.-:, tho con
currcuco of two natures suited ? to e*4jh
other; the iuterbleuding of two hear to
made ono by pure and holy a?ootian,
iB iudeed the.nearest approach te heavi
en that can bo made ou oarth- .through
any human relationship. Marriage*
does, iodoed, involve so much, that tho
wonder is that it should ho treated do
so lightly in common talk, and its estate
often entered upon as though it v/oro
but a lottery, with a few ? .prizes and.
many blanks. . ?rU1o rJUtiintka
-^? ? ,mTi
Desirable Quajatjes ts a Pf???-*?
Of all the desirable qualities io a pig b
vigorous appetite is of tho flii-t Impcr
tonco. A hag that will not cas is of 86
moro use than a mill that will not grind;
and it is undoubtedly true that the more
... .? M * I. .. . ,
a pig will cat in proportion to his size,
provided ho can digest dnet assimilate itf
the moro profitable be will prove..
The next desirable quality d8, perdiap?,<
queitness of disposition. The blood du
derived from tho food, and flesh is ds
rived from the blood. Animal forco is
derived fram the transformation of fleste:
The more of this is used in unneoes3ft'i|P
motions, the greator the demand onlh/9'
stomach, and the moro food -trill there
be required merely to sustain the vitttl
function?and the moro frequently flosh
is tra ormod and formed agaiu the
tougher aud less palatable it become j.
This quality, quietness of disposition,
combined with a smaU amount of useful
parts, or offal, has been the aim of all
modern breeders. Its importance Will
roadily be perooivod, if we assume that
sevoutyfive per cent, of the food is ordin
arily consumed to support the vital
function, and that tho slight additional
demand of only one sixth more fond, is'
required for tho extra offal parts and ua
necessary activity. . Such a coarse, rest
less animal would gain in flesh and fat, '
in proportion to the food consumed, onUf
htifi os fiist as the quiet, refined animal.
To assume thut a rough, aoarao, savage,.
ill bred mongrol hog will requiror only
one sixth more food than a quiet, rcdfied,
well bred Borkshire, Essix or Suffolk*,'it'
not extravagant. ?
An American officer played'a pro vok
ing practical jokft'ru a newly married'
Peruvian officer at Callao, whoj with'M**
wife, was the most devoted and jealous
of lovers. Ho 'sent a qoto t? tho wife
that tho husband was in tho habit of
going to soo a oertaio lady at a oortoin
time and place; ho also Wrote* to tho
husband that his wife was in tho habit
of g*oing to tho samo place at tho same
hour to to meet a certain gontlem'bn,
Maddened by jealousy Caoh went to i.ho
appointed place at tho same time. Tho
wife went first, dud was ; ahov-o. into ah
antor??m; the husbaud soon followod". ?
Mutual recriminations otisucd, fa tho
midst of which tho lady oftho fho h mso '
a dross maker, eamo in, and protested
dho had novor'soen ?cithorrbftW parties
?before Having found out the author
of the joke, they visited him with s'tjf&i"
effect that ho kept his b/d fdr a week,
and his eyes wore closed, tor' fi fQL'tui^ht,