Newspaper Page Text
THE ORANGEBURG NEWS
TU AD. C. ANDREWS, Editor.
PntANCIAL AND bcs1kes8 MaNAC.KR.
OlBoiul Paper of the State and
?f Orangebnrg County.
mar TBE ORANGE BURG NEWS HAS
A LARGER CIRCULATION THAN
ANT OTHER RATER IN THE COUN
SATUHDAI, AUG. 29,1874.,
.flTre FOR GOVERNOR.
Daniel H. Chamberlain
xf\2 OF RICH LAND COUNTY.
The Coming Election.
No duu can contemplate tbc situation of
to-day without grave fears and anxiety fur
the future. Tbe election this fall will
rettlb the fate of South Carolina for years
to come, and, pcrbnps forever. Tho last
years' work of the Republican party
bad well-nigh ruined the State and bank
rupted .the toxpaycrs, and if it should fail
tnj* !*iuo to put. forth a ticket thnt will
commend itself to the people for its inlelli
gencc and honesty, the result will be an |
utter ai)d ignominious defeat. There
W^Sj af. time when the colored people would
vote for any man, no matter how infamous
bis character, that the party saw fit to
nominate. That time iBno more. In tbc
corn field, at the plow and tho hoe, sweat
ing in the ruys of a broiling sun, in order
<!mt. there might be enough made to support
the; Government, the colored people have
pOndared the question and the charges
(hade 'against their officials. They have
come to tbc conclusion that they are, alas,
tab 'true in many instances, and have
epVnc?! their eyes to the enormous amount
?T1 taxes collected for the support of a
?cnirupt and rotten Government. The fact j
'o?'It is, the colored people can illy bear
f.ucb n burden in their present impovished
condition. Th ey have to rent lands from
white land owners, and if taxes arc high on
,aald lands, tho proprietors will, as a matter
Of course, demand so much more from the
tri diu? ? '
^rcntera. The lower tbe taxes, tho lower
^thfy sent of lands will be. This is the case
in n nutshell. High tax it ion oppresses the
.poor colored farmer equally with the rich
landed proprietor. It is true tho amount of
taxes paid by each man may be entirely
.different, but that docs not mend the
matter. Where one party can pay a
(hundred dollars into tho Treasury, and not
ixnias it, thero may bo ten poor farmers, who
suarnot spare five dollars from iheir scanty
? mcrms, without entailing want upon their
"-needy families. And yet the poor men
? tunke up tbe party that rules South
^Carolina. Now what shall wo do to remedy
Ibis evil? It needs to be taken out by tbe
'H'aot, for it has become a cankered sore on
Ihe body politio, and will result in tho
*njeath of the Republican party if not cured
%r removed. To commence, we advise the
, nomination of men whose experience, ability
h'ui y ' ,
and honesty will be a satisfactory guarantee
. a.fj a. baiter state of things. Never will the
peer and Intely emancipated slave accumu
^Jhlfe.to himself a covpetency?a homestead
for himself and family, become contented
. .a&d happy, w hile he is taxed to death. And
I |vcn if taxation were ever so light, that is
? ??o icuson why bud men should be elevated
to office. The colored man is upon trial, and
it is not unfrequently the case that he is
judged by the party w hom he helps to place
in position. Is it not then his duty to sup
port only such men ns will do him credit,
fand reflect honor upon his party ? There is
such a thing as a constituency being dis
graced by iheir would-bo representative
^'nifu. It is our desire to see the Rcpubli
' elm party live and prosper, but if the tido
' * of corruption, which hangs abo it us liko a
7iideoua> nlgbt-mare, is not thrown off, wc
see no other fate for it hi South Carolina,
save that of a di sgraccful end. In such a
crisis, those who helped to pull it down, will
not be found in that day walking sido by
side with tho poor men, who will have to
suffer. Sleek and fat with the ill-gotten
rpoilu of oflicc, they will betake themselves
back to happy Now England, whoro they
will read of our troubles without a sigh.
Cnhonorcd will bo the memory of the Kc
publioan party, while its grave will bo
covered with the tears of a ruined people.
This is no fancy sketch or undue strolch of
tho imagination. Every man who knows
any thing at all, and who is not blinded by
* fanncticism, knows that without reform
', the present dominant political organization
in this State, cannot live. When Mb power
i I of cohesion dies, men whoso bands aiv lifrt
' - clean, will either deny their guilt or hunt a
home in a healthier climate. Hence tho
importance of selecting honest men whoso
interests are identical, or identified with
South Carolina's. If thin should not be
done, a conflict must iuovitably come, and
in that event tlicro will be no euoh thing
hero as asphodel meadows, nor will tho
lion and tho lamb bo seen lying lows
But all this can bo avoided by demon
strating practically our desire to improve the
Government, /.et us, iu tho first place, dis
card Moses, tho most colossal corruption!?*,
of modern times, lie is perfectly rockiest
in every resfvee!, and otherwise unfitted to
continue in public position. It is said that
Prometheus filched tire from Heaven, but
wo venture the opinion that if Moses bad
the power to enter that holy place, ho would
not come away without committing some
larccneous act. Hence, wo must throw
him overboard, as the initiative step towards
a complete reformation throughout the
State. Next, let us elect honest aud capable
men to the Legislature. An upright Gover
nor can do but little for good, if surrounded
by n set of legislative thieves. Men should
be sent to represent tho people who will
refuse to join a secret band, organized for
the ostensible purpose of engineering
through corrupt measures. What is the uso
of a Governor's veto against a sworn league?
If money can pass a rotten bill, or put
through a fraudulent claim, it can override
and crush an executive protest. Elect
honest mcu, an I there will be no necessity
for the Governor to interpose in the behalf
of the people. Instruct your representa
tives to shun tho famous bund, known as
the money making league, in legislative
parlance. Honest law-makers snould have
no secrets in their official capacity. This
they cannot do if they follow the lead of a
Bov.ly, and others we might mention.
Of vast importance, 11I30, is tho nomina
tion of good Coan'.y officials. The people
arc more directly interested in the adminis
tration of County affairs than that of the
Stale's. They have solo charge of the
collection and disbursement of the taxes,
which, if not piopcrly expended, will result
to the direct injury of tho taxpayers. In
a word, the Republicans owe the Conserva
tive party that which it has a right to de
mand, namely, an upright and honest
Government. We owe it, too. to ourselves
to strain ever)' norve in the endeavor to
place acceptable men in tho fiold. If we go
to work calmly, coo'.ly and with firmness,
victory will perch upon our banner again
this full. On the oth;r hand, if wo dis
regard both the warnings from without and
the tcachiugs from wllhiu, then confusion
and disaster will most suro'y sing tho
requiem of our defeat.
[Ton TiiK OnAXGEurnrc Nim.?.]
OnANflEnuno, August, 20th, 1871.
Editor Orangeburg Nein :
Probably a little talk about the Sunday
School celebration, which took place at
Hebron Church on Saturday last, may not
prove uninteresting (0 die rcud'rs of t he
News. I beg leave, therefore, to tell them,
through your columns, of what transpire 1
on that occason, and how the scholars
The Hebron Sunday School has been in
ope.ru.ion some two 3-0111 s, under the super
entendence of Mrs. John T. C. Kennerly,
a lady of remarkable cuergy and piety.
I loft hero on Saturday morning lust and
arrived at Hebron Church in time to witness
the pouring in of the surrounding niegh
bors, all anxious to be present at the
exercises. There was quite a number of
speeches delivered and dialogues acied, by
the bright and intolligc.it scholars of this
School. The following programme was
carried out to perfection :
By Muster John Gibson?subject, Happy
I5y Master Henry Gibson?subject, The
Cnpaeilj of an Hour.
By Master Martin l'ou?subject, Happy
moments at Sabbath School.
By Masters Davis, Sheppard and Stephen
son?subject, Rules of Faith.
By Masler Paul Davis?subject, Oration
on S*.. Paul.
By Master Geo. Livingston?subject, St.
By Matters Gibson, Livingston, Kennerly
and Reed?subject, Virgin Mary.
Bv Master J. Kennerly?subject, St.
Peter, tho honored Shepherd.
By Mas er Arnold Sheppard?.subject,
The first Martyr.
By Musters Gibson, Hugho Pure?subject,
A Crown for tho Young.
By Musters Louis Livingston, Willie
Livingkton and John Sheppard?subject,
When tve arc twenty-one, boys.
By Masters Jefferson Davis, Willie Davis,
Elvin Hoover, Geo. Hoover and Columbus
Justice?subject, Tho Suudny School.
By Masters Lewis Gibson, Davis Living .
at on, Johnny Kennerly, Willio Hughes,
Atldy Hughes, Addy Davis, Tinio Konnerly,
S. Gibson, Jimmio Carson and Willio Shop
pard?subject, Children do nil you can.
By Misses Kosh Carson, Jauic Livingston,
Renn Hughes, Dolly Livingston, Cajana
Sheppard, Bettie Sheppard, Minnie Carson,
and Suvnn Livingston?subject, What can
we Say T
By Mr. P. E. Gibson, an address which I
give in full :
Mrs. Superintendent and Members of Hebron
Sunday School:? It is with a pecu
liar pleasure and a reverence for your socie
ty that I rise to address you. Some of the
dearest days of my boyhood have boon spent
at Sunday Sckools and Sunday School pic
nics,nnd ns my mind runs back through a vist
of mouths now past nnd gone I nin made sad
when Z think that those days are gono for
over. The society to which you belong,
young friends aud associates, and over which
youprcaido, fair madam, possesses a oharm
for me which I can not forgot. Somo of ]
the best lessons of my youth were learned hero
I havelearnod truths which made their im
pression upon ray heart, tiro force of which
will over mako mo mindful of my duty
to my fellow mau and my responsibility to
my God. It is only in the days of youth when
the accumulated cures of life have not y<*t
caused our souls to feel the keen sorrows
of this world, nor been subjected to tho cold
aud unfcoling charities of life, that wo oau
enjoy unalloyed happiness. Ifta oaly in our
Sunday School days, that we can rcjoioo
and bo happy. Like a* flower that grows
up iu spring time it flourishes nnd luxuriates
under tho geniul iufluoucaof a friendly sun,
but whon winter comes, cold and bleak win
ter, with its wdnds aud snows, it droops and
withers and dies. In the spring of youth,
ere age has wrinkled our forehead aud caus
ed our locks to wbitea with the frost of
years, we can rejoice in each other's socie
ty aud bask in the sun sbino of youthful
countenances. But when years have crowded
upon us. when our visionv have become
dimmed und our forms bout by tho hard
trials of this world, like un(o tho (lower we
begin to droop and forgot the scones aud
pleaures which knew our ghild-hood. Let
us then learn lc3Sons from becasioas like
this, which will prepare us for after lifo.
Let us be mindful that the halcyon days of
our youth will not last always. Soon tho
cares of lifo young friends will crowd upon
you thick aud fast. The stoiji realities of
this world you must meet, ana iu proportion
us your ?chool yourself now tuid garner Up
virtues which are safo guards! against toe
inroads of vice und immortality, will you b?
ab!e to perform your duty iu hip. There is
no boiler place than tit Sunday. School to
learn lessons of wisdom. Theto do I pro
sides and by his influence will! assist the
young mind iii the cultivation! of virtues,
w hich will keep it pure aud uutainied. Es
pecially should you porsovero in your School
where one so noble as the ludy w?o instructs
you every Sabbath, leads you thabenofits of
her example. May you prosper,
i intendent, and may the crown w'dfch awaits
i the faithful workers in the VinyarJ of Cod
in this world be your portion w'ae.i you have
)a:d asidu the habiliments of this poor
earth. A ad upon you young l|v lios and
gentlemen, 1 invoke Cue smile j of a kind an J
b:nignant Povideucc, along lifo aud un
eternity in Heavcu.
Tho Rev. A. Ii. Prico closed the exercises
of the day with n happy und interesting ad
dress, after which lemonade was handed
round. Tho teachers aud members of the
Sunday School occupied tho first t/.ble,
which was crowded with delicious edibles.
To sny that I ever saw a moro bountifully
supplied table, or one arranged iu bcitcr
itisie, would be doing injustice to the man
agers of this pic-nic. Auer the teacher
and her scholars had finished, ihe guests,
who numbered between three and four hun
dred, woi o itifited to dinner. All scorned to
enjoy the occasion, for after every one had
eaten to his satisfaction, there wero still
seven large baskets left untouched.
In n word, ihe Hebron Church Sunday
School Cclobration was#a bril'iant success,
und will long be remembered by those whose
good luck it wuu to bo present. Even uow
methinks I eoc befoic mo some ofijfhose
beaming faces., nnd spafklrfTg-'l-yes whiCh
lent such a charm to the day. I don't know
Mr. Editor, how Others feel about tho de
parted pic-nic, but as for mo, I should n*k for
no dearer pleasure than to spent! my life at
such gatherings, especially if tho sutnc
sweet voices, which made the air musical on
that oocasion, would join with me.
C. D. B.
Oraxokburg, S. C, August 20, 1871.
To the Editor of the Orangeburg Newa :
Having been solicited by the Orangeburg
77<.irj to make a statement for the informa
tion of the people of ihe County concerning
tho present suite of County finances, and
tho transactions of tho present Board of
County Commissioners during their term of
office up to date, nnd havijg Svaicd in your
columns my readiness to do so, as far as
iu my power, I have compiled from the
official records of ike County the following
statement, und respectfully request you to
publish the sume :
The prosent Board of County Commis
sioner., consisting of Messrs. E. T. It.
Smoak, John Bobinson and Alexander
Brown, went into office November 2"^ 187-.
The lollowing were the receipts nnd
expenditures (luring their administration
for the fiscal year ending October 30, 1873 i
T. K. Susportas, Co. Treas. ool
T. C. Andrews, Co.-Treas. col
lected for ouvront Co. purpo
ses, per his settlement with Co.
Auditor.$ 15,028 83
For licenses \>tr his receipts. 072 <">0
Fines, &c, from T.ial Justices,
us reported by him. 240 0?
Total Co. collections of T. C. An
drews. 16,640 8.1
The Board issued orders, amount
ing to. $(1,738 18
Tho Court issued Jurors' und
Constable's tickets amounting
to. 1.689 80
County share of salary of T. 0.
Andrews, Co. Treas. 500 00
Total expenditures of fiscal
year, 1873. 8.9?7 ?8
SUMMARY FOR 1872-il.
Expenditures. 8,9:17 98
Balance. 7,921 85
The following are the receipts and expen
ditures for the present fiscal ycur, (begin
ing Nov. 1, 1873,) to date :
J. L. Humbert, Co. Treas. col
lected for^current Co. purpo
ses and Co. debt per his settle
ment with Co. Vuditor. $30,680 14
For licenses per his receipts. 055 00
Fines, &c. from Trial Justices,
as reported by him. 200 00
Total Co. collections of J. L.
Humbert. 37,435 14
Thomas !V. Glover, Co. Trcns.
collected for current Co. pur
poses and Co. dobf, per his
soltleroent with Co. Auditor.. S 1,112 S3
For lioonses per his receipts. 470 80
Fines, &c. from Trial Justices... 20 00
Total Co. collections of Thomas
W. Glover. lf609 14
Tho Hoard issued orders amount
ing to. $17,090 20
The Court issued Jurors' nnd
Constable tickets amounting
to. 1,020 50
Tbc past debt of I be Co. regis
tcrcd in tbc Clerks' office, ns
required by I ho Statute,
amounted to. 10,394 73
County Bhare of salnry J. L.
Humbert Co. Treas. COO 00
County sbaro of salary T. W.
Glover, Co. Treas. 08 86
Total expenditures of fiscal year
1874, to date. 85,686 28
hdmmart ron 1873-4.
Receipts of J. L. Humbert. 37,435 It
Receipts of T. W. Glover. 1,60'.? 13
Expenditures. .*..">,080 2H
Halnncc. 3,357 99
From the above statement, it appears that
if every County order and juror's or consta
ble's ticket issued up to date had been fully
paid according tu law, there should now be
ill the bands of the County Treasurer of
ibis county the sum of throe thousand three
hundred and fifty-seven dollars : nd ninety
nine cents applicable to county purposes.
The above statement does not embrace the
poll taxes, the school taxes, or the State
taxes, for the Ilpard of County Commission
era has nothing to do with them.
I would als? sltite that of the orders is
sued by the present Hoaid, over four thou
sand Sve hundred dollars were iobued to set
tle dchts of the county contracted by form
cr Hoards, for which no orders had been is
sued. Tho exact statement is as follows :
Amount of orders issued by
present Board during their
entire term to dale.$ 21,434 88
Of the*<o, were issued on old
cluims. 4,556 08
Halanec, showing contracts of
present Hoard. 19,878 30
1 have personally verified the above state
ments, und they arc acces: ible to any citi
zen, who may examino then for himself.
They appear to demonstrate that the pre
sent Hoard of County Commissioners, con
cerning whose adminis* ration of .he county
finances do Titties desired information, arc
in no wise responsible for the inonciary e.n
barassuicnts of the county since the Hoard
has no custody ef the funds.
To amoutit charged by County
Auditor per 1ms abstract and
SK Tl.XMF.Vf WITH COUNTY AlHWTOr, JUNK
12>u, 137 3.
By paid school claim (losal tax)~$5,534,G8.4
ly paid County AudiioV, clc.i
c:>l service. 600,00
V.y paid Couiity Com tdssioiiei'S*
liy paid Couaiy Coaitiiisiiouevb'
uect for be. vices. 511.00
Hy pah'. C'o.t ity jury Tickets... 1,759,10
liy paid Cou.jtv Annes* Tick
Hy 'tritl Cou.i.y Constables'
Fly paid Cou.iiy poriio.i Treas
ity t*et!uc?io.is and abatements
by Coiiipi.*6lle?*Gen'l &c. 481,74.0
Hy tax o.i forfeited lr.u'.s. 40,76.2
Hy tdla bo.ia returns aud exe
Hy t.-x u.i laud u.icolleciedaud
cur.ied to implicate 1873... 182,12
Hy c.sh o i hand (I2ih Jim?)
for Couaiy purposes. 215,25.1
Total. 23,317,00 7
A portion of County Commissioners
ordern, Jury tickets, Witness tickets,
Constables' tickets &o., wore issued by pre
vious Couu.y Commissisners Hoards, nnd
being paid by me, left the old debl of the
Couaiy just that much less for Registration
and payment. It was requested by Judge
Graham to clear his Court of debt, and I
did it to a large extent.
The $215,25 cssh on hand 12ch June
w: .a paid out a few days after aud same
has been settled with County Auditor.
My Lice.tse funds aim Trial Justice funds
f"tnM fines nre properly accounted for by
Vouchers in my possessio.i, und I am ready
to settle same when I can find out who I nm
to settle with. I made application to
County Auditor for settlement of these
funds, mitt he said he had nothing to do
v-i.h it, that I must sot.le with Board el'
County Commissioners. I applied to Mr.
Uolivcr Clerk of the Board and he said it
was the County Auditor's business and not
the Hoards, so tho matter has rested since.
In the next issue of this paper I will give
my settlement of School money received
aud expended by me.
Til AD. C. ANDREWS,
Ex County Treasuror.
Itlosec and the IIoimIh.
The debt of the state up to November 31,
1870 amounted to only $0,885.022.35. The
validity of this jiart of ihe bonds has never
been questioned by any one; although fifty
per cent, of it hat been virtually repudiated
under Moses' admin 1straiion. Two weeks
previous to that dato F. J. Moses, Jr., was
elected for a socond time speaker of the
house of Representatives. He had obtaiucd
during his previous term such u control
over the republican members that from tho
day of his second election ho was virtually
the autocrat of that body.
His effort to put upon others the responsi
bility for an increase of the public debt,
and to take such credit as may belong to
the repudiation of it, is of a piece with the
rest of his audacity. In every art of legisla
tion necessary to authorize the issue of bonds the
co-ojieratwn of Speaker M?sts teas absolutely
necessary, ami that co-operalion was always
No measure of legislation to whish he was
hearlilg opposed ever passed thai body, and no
bill became, a law against which he threw the
whole weight of his influence. At the begin
ingning of his second term as speaker, two
schemes were inaugurated which subse
quently swallowed up almost the entire
amount of the money raised Ly taxation.
These were the l'ri iting Swindle ami the
Pay Certificate Fraud. Iu both of them F.
J. Moses, Jr., was prominent enough, but
in the hitler he was the grand head centre.
To these two gigantic steals may be traced
the-subsequent financial straits which bail
their cu'wination in tho issuo of the con
version bonds aud their sacrifice during the
panic after tho Chicago tiro. Their iaeep
| tion, organization nnd continuance were
due to the ingenuity, influence and exam
ple of Speaker Moses. Neither could bare
succeeded without him. By means of them
he bought his way into the place which he
To show how costly a mistake it was to
intrust him with the power which he wiel 1
ed, it will be well to ccmpare the expenses
of Ihe legislative sessions of 1869, 1870,
1871 and IX1'2. There was paid .
For the year ending Octobsr 31, 1868.
Legislative expenses, nothing
appearing tor printing.$130,790 10
For tho year ending October 31, 1809.
pievious session...$ 12,833 u0
Expenses regular ses
sion. 109,000 79
Public printiig. 12,000 00
For the y< ar ending October 31, 1870.
Legislative oxpen's $210,110 98
Public printing. 22,616 40
For the year ending October 31, 1871.
Legislative expen's $280,301 30
Public printing. 133,051 44
For the year ending October 31, 1872.
Legislative expen's $712.24.1 43
Pun.ic printing. 215,'2'J 83
The figures of th? last table, that of 1872,
will show something of what it cost the peo
ple of ihe state to 8?c:ire the nomination of
F. .I. Moses as governor, lie then repre
sented, us he now does, the most reckless
and the most disho lc-t element, in the re
publican par.y. But those figures, start
ling as they are, do not represent tho whole
I cost of this man. There wero legislative
cer.ificaies and treasurer's notes issued in
lieu of them amountmg to over $400,000,
which were not then paid, many of them
still a part of the floating djbl of the state.
By his connivance Ihe regulation requir
ing the signa.ure of the governor to a draft
upon I he ti rnsurer was repealed, nnd each
of the certificate* became an order upon the
treasurer, payable at sight.
The taxes for the year ending Ociobcr 31,
1872, amounted to only $1,248,662.05, while
tho demands of .the pay certificate mnkor
and the priming ring nlouo amounted Ic
more Ih.tn $1,027,379.29.
In order to meet the insatiable demands
in these forms, ami to pay the cur? cut ex
penses of (he other depart meats, th trc was
no other resource than ihe issua and sale of
bonds. Moses and bis sitppoi te?s hnd taken
all raised from taxes; no new taxes could be
levied, and the issue of bonds became a
He points out in bis Sum.er spa-jch the
fact that the legislative eipinscs of tho last
year of his administration decreased from
$260,981,39to $202, 400.32. lie should
have carried his comparison a liulc further
back. Both years together do not equal by a
third :he expenses of one year under the speaker
ship of /'. J. Moses.
At the beginning of the session of 1871-72
it became known that what is called nn
over ibsue of bonds bad been made. Tho
bonds iu question, were conversion bends,
which had bopothecated mainly to raise
money to meet the enormous demands shewn
In his Sumter speceh the governor de
nounces the eonduct of those who so used
the bonds' nnd utterly renounces the idea of
paying cue of them. But what was his ac
tion at a time when ho could have preven
ted the endorsement of those very ncls by a
legislature in which he was allpowerful.
Let us sec. Those interested in the bonds
in question wished nil doubts set at rest.
The officers who perfected thorn, and those
who issued them, wanted tbe snnclion of the
legislature to their ncis. The financial
agent was asking for a settlement of his
accounts. The bond holders very naturally
desired to be made securo in what they had
Two bills were introduced to accomplish
these ends. One has been known as the
validating hill, and the other as the
settlement bill. Tho first wasto relieve the
officers who perfected the bonds and those
who issued them, as well as to assure tho
holders that they wore a perfectly good
evidence of indebtedness on the part of the
State. The second squared the accounts of
tho financial agent, nnd accepted his settle
ment. To show how clearly tho matter was
understood, it is needful only to read the
preumhlf of the validating act :
"An act to authorize the financial agont
of the State of South Carolina in tho city of
New York to pledge Stato bonds ns cotlato
al security and for other purposes, approv
ed March 26, 1809, which said bonds are
fully and partieularly slated* and set forth
in a report made by tbe hrensifrcr of ihe
State to tho general assembly, dated Octo
ber 31, 1871; and ir/.-eriVM doubts havo ari
seu whether said issues were in strict oon
fortuity to the provisions of tho said several
acts under which they woro respectively
issued; ami whereas it was the true imant and
meaning of the several acts above set for ih
that such issues of bonds or obligations,
should bo made in the manner in
which tho sumo have been made, as
aforesaid; and whereas also, doubts have
been raised as to the validity of some of the
bends mentioned iu the said annual rcpor t
of tho Statu treasurer for the fiscal year
ending October 81,1871, although money
has been borrowed by, or realised out of,
said bonds on account of this state; and
whereat the credit of this State has beta
affected thereby." ..
The sections which followed, declared
that the said bonds were duly and lawfully
issued, in conformity with the truo intent
and meaning of the scvcrul acts of the gen
cral assembly, that the acts of the officers
issuing them are ratified confirmed and es
tablished, that said bonds nro declared to
be legal and valid; nnd that an annual tax
shall be levied to pay the interest and redeem
Thc Fettlcment bill may be summed up in
the title. It accepted Kimpton's balance
sheet, and relieved him of all responsibili
To get these bills pwsod taxed the powers
and influence of all Interested. There was
at first, a great reluctance in the bonne to
proceed with them. F. J. Moses, Jr., the
speaker, was all-powerful. He was secur
ed doubtless by the only means known to
move him to act good or bad on a legisla
tive measuie. They were passed, and if
there is one man moro responsible than
another for (hem, it is the author of the
Sumter speech, who (herein takes immense
credit to himself for repudiating tho con
version bonus. Ho voted for the acts au
thorizing them; he made it necessary to
plct'.ga them, he validated and confirmed
them, end he repudiated them. In there
anything iu bis history in connection with
them which will guarantee us in believing
? hat lie will, if he hn3 a chance, re validate
what he has repudiated??Union-Herald.
PJET?OS COUNCIL, NO. II
Attend the regular cenvocaticn, of your
Council to be holden at Masonic Hall on
Thursday evoningfld Sept., 1874, at 8 o'clock
precisely. Candidates for degrees will also
attend. Take due notice and govern your
By order ofT- ? J-.- G-.- Mv>
GEO. W. BRUNSON,
Recorder pro tcm.
Augast 27th, 1874.
The Ex-rciscs of Miss EVAN'S SCHOOL
wi'l be resumed at; tho residence of Mr. P.
V. Dibble, Belleville Ron 1, on Monday, tho
seventh day of September next.
au-r. 15 1874 3t
STRAYED OR STOLEN FROM THE
Town of Orangeburg, a large whito and
red SETTER DOG. A roward will be paid
for his recovery by
DR. T. B. LEG ARE.
nng 29 _^ 1874 tf
The many friends of R. TCRNER take
pleasure In Announcing him for.Probate ?
ludge of Orangeburg County.
I Respectfully announce myself as a can
didate for Shrriff of this County at the com
J. L. RAST.
OFFICE COUTY AUDITOR,
Orancbbubu Coustt, S. C,
August 21 si, 1874.
" NOTICE is hereby given; that ihe County
Board of .Equalization will nr-it nt this
Office o i MONDAY September 7th, 1874,
for tec purpose of EQUALIZING- Ihe Real
anU PtrsoPiil Property, Moneys and Credits
of this County. Said Board will meet from
day io day until all the Returns shall have
The following named citix<ms and tax
payers of this County have been appointed
by his Honor Judge Graham : Joseph A,
Keller, E. J. Felder and Joe O'Cain, who to
gether with tho County Treasurer and Coun
ty Auditor, will constitute the County Board
of Equalization of Orangeburg County.
JAMES VAN TASSEL.
aug 22 1874 3
By virtue of Sundry Executions to me di
icc(ed, I will spll (o (ho highest bidder, at
Orangeburg C. H., on the FIRST MON
DAY in Scplembor next, FOR CASH, al
the Right, Title and Interest of tho Defend
ants in tho following Property, viz :
All (hot plantation or tract of land con
tai uing 400 aeres, more or less bounded by
lands now or late of Ann Berry, Jno., P.
Berry, N. C. Whetston and W. F. Fairy.
Levied on ns tho m-operty of R. O. M
Berry at the suit of jusun Dukes, (Bearer.)
All that plantation or tract of land con?
tainig, 1500 acres, moro or less, bounded
by lands now or late of Chnrlos Thomson,
Jos. D. Trizcvant, and the 8antee River,
and known as "Spring Grove." Levied on
as ihe property of the Trust Estato of Wil
liam R. Alben, Mary Anna and Emma
Tabor; in the cases of R. B. Illicit Jr., vs.
G. M.Crosswcll, and G. M. Crosswcll va R.
B. Rhctt Jr.
Ou Tuesday the 8th day of September, at
the residence of T. S. McGrew, one Horse,
one Mule and fivo head of Cattle, bo vied
1 on as tho proporty of Margaret M. McUrcw
at the suit of Wade Hampton.
At Fort Motte on Tuesday the 8th day of
September. Ono lot of Machinery for Mill .
Levied on ns the property of John* A. Mo -
Ken/eat the suit of John Alexander.
Sheriff's Office, ) E. L CAIN,
Orangeburg C. II. S. C, V bVO. C
Aug. 10th, 187*. >
aug 21 8t?
For the I*gltriatare.
Mr- Editor ;?- l lcaso announce Judge. B..
C. FREDtCK, of tho Fork, a Candidate far
the Legislature at the coming election and