Newspaper Page Text
VUUBSDAY MORNING, APRIL 20,1186.
In another column will be found an'
;rticle under the above caption, written
for the Southern Guardian of January
21, 1865, and which we publish in our
paper this morning by request of, its
Upon all topics vill we be glad to
hear from our friends, and to give place
to their contributions whether coincid.
ing with our views or not. Of cou~rse
we claim the right of criticising.
By reference to advertisement in an.
other column, it will be seen that Mr.
A. D. HItLIunD proposes- to open ,a
-Commission, or Auction House, in
Winnsboro'. We need something of
the kind in'our town, where parties hav
ing articles to dispose of, can send them
for sale, without having to send them
from door to door.
We wish Mr. HILLIARD much suOcess
in his undertaking, and would advise all
who have- articles to dispose of to send
them to "The Commission Store."
We have had no exchanges fqr the
past week, and this will account for the
e non-interest of our reading page. Well,
we hope that we may have the privi.
lege of glancing at some paper before
long. In such 'imes as these "1every
'body m)ust do as best they can."
At the outset of the great struggle
which has for four years deluged the
land in blood and developed the loftiest
heroism and the noblest endurance ever
recorded in history, the adherents of
either side were blinded by what have
proved to be great popularfalacies. On
the side of the Confederates it was aF
gued that they possessed and controlled
a staple which was indispensable to the
comforts and enjoyment of the civilized
vorld, and that the deprivation of it for
a few months wou-ld paralyze. commerce
and involve in ruin thousands of millions
of mechanical capital and millions of
human beings. The overthrow of "King
Cotton" would be a great international
Atastrophe I It was honee believed
and taught that armed intervention
would at once step in--raise the block.
ado and let the great machinery of life
move on I The Yankees, on the other
hand, were confident that the struggle
was precipitated by a mere haiadful of
men, whilst the heart of the great peo
ple was loyal to the "old flag;" and they
religiously believed likewise that the
*mere presence of struggling armies on
Southern soil would be an invitation to.
riot and disorder and open rebellion of
'the whole slave population. Under these
cardinal errors there were minor ones,
such as; that the Confederates were
without real resources and would be
*speedily starved out with the closing
'of the ports and the interruption of inter
course ; that the Federals 'ier.e-divided
in interests and feelinge ; that the- west
and New England -could npt assimilate ;
that the heart of the tNqrthern Dlemo.
crats was right and co-ercion weas no
part of their creed ; that the resources
of the North mast soon .exhaust them
selves'and universal bankruptcy and
.fnancial chaos interrupt its dreams of
Thshave'mattors gone on with the
prores o awar which has already re
quired teexpenditure by the belliger
ents.o ut five. tlhousand mlinof
dollrs,.the loss of half million f. -lives,
th~e ruin 4#f vast sections of country, *at
the same time that the land has been
opuivorted znto a theatre in which all the.
- brual atrocities of the Goth and the
- 'i-Goth have been acted and re-qunact
aVs it conceived that in the nine
:eenth ,century of Cjhriptian civilization
mu.eapeoteole would be
p~in before'tke astonigiped
n world? 'Alas,''Wha&bwam
pon human #ogsa 1#d wat
.sozi, if' indeedilstory eyeqr
Who are the authors of all tlhis bleiod.
anifall Iihi dgsolation and r'iin ? Are
they themenwho asserted boldly the'prhi-'
cipIes of self-government, which 'were
handed downfrom Washington and Jef
ferson aid "their inalienable rights as a
people, or will impartial time fix the guilt
upon the porjured and hypocritical men
who at once asserted and deniod these
great truths ? The answer can matter but
little now. The only practicol interest
we can have in the result is, when will
the point of exhaustion be reached and
which of the belligerents is likely to
hold out the longest in the Titan strug
g le ? I
What a picture to contemplate I Is
there then no wisdom left in the land
sufficient to re-adjust society and bring'
back order and civilisation and christian
ity, or inust demons still rejoice in the
Pandemonium of ruins ? Are there not
men at the North and men.at tie South
still, who, drawn from their retreat, might
allay the storm, and soothing the passions
which rule the hour, strike. out some
noble path which, while it would save
all that was vital in the hearts of our
people, at the same time, would com
mend itself to the soun1d sober sense and
latent ideas of justice of the world ?
Are there not men adapted to the mis
gion on either side ? There is no recon
struction in the thought. It is but a
protest on the part of christianity and
civilization against the reign of violence
which listens neitlar -to argument or
reason. Brute force is not t.he only ar
biter of nations.
FOUD FOR WEAK STOMAoHS.-In
one hundred and oixty-oight, there is the
following anecdote: My mother, (the
Countesa de Segur) being asked by Vol.
the Meumoirs of Count Segur, vol. 1, page
taire respecting her health, told him
that the most painful feeling she had,
arose from the decay of her stomach and
the difficulty of finding any kind of ali
ment that it could bear. Voltaire,- by
way of consolation, assured her that he
was once for nearly a year in the same
state, and believed, to be incurable, but
that, nevertheless, a very simple remedy
had restored him. It conEsted in taking
no other nourishnient than yolk's of egg,
beaten up with flour of potatoes and
water. Though this circumstance took
place as far back asofifty years ago, and
respected so extraordinary a person'age as
Voltaire, it is astonishing how little it is
known, and how rarely the remedy has
Its efficacy, however, in 'ase of debility,
cannot be questioned, and the following
is the made of preparing this valuable
article of food, as recommended by Sir
John Sinclair: Receipt-Beat up an
egg in a bowl, and then add six table
spoonfuls of cold water, mixing the
whole well together; then add two i able
spoonfuls of the farina of potatoes, to
be mixed throughly with the liquor in
the bowl. Then pour ini as much boiling
water as will convert the whole into
jelly, and mix it well. It may be taken
either alone, or with the addition of 'a
little milk and moist or best sugar, not
only for breakfast, but in cases of great
stoma-hic debility, - or in consumptive
disorders, at the other meals. The dish
is light, easily digested, exiremely whole
seine and nourichmg. B rend or biscuit
may be taken with.it'as the stomach get.
THE RETORT DJSooURTXOU.--.At a
convention of clergymen not long since,
it was p repo'sed by one of the members,
after they had,. dined, that each one
should entertain the comiany with some
interesting remarks. Among the rest,
.one drew upon his fancy, and related a
di-eam. ,In this djream he went to h'eaven
and he.describedsthe ,golden streets, the
river of life, etc. As he concluaded, one
of the divines, whoewas uomewhae noted
for is penumibus d money ni
,hatbiti, ste4,ed Sipto le pragdn
"Wel,d did you see anything qk e itt
~our dream ?"
"Yes, I did."
'Tdeed l'Whatwas Idolnt ?"
" uwere on jouir knees" -
'Pintying, was I?
"No--ecraping tip ibe gold ?" -
A letter in the Philadelphia lns-#
In th'e.4ele~ Se~xrJentons 'll the
rebel army. could not , Mye mnuvabered
less than Mty, thoinsad effective mpn.
They were wil armed, welblothed,
and fought . lpcidlyi .fltter fghting
'illey cann~j a. Ani pfw, pfis
osmers that IIL6Jo oEur hAewere tn~m'
bers of the Scid,.~'fii a Sixth and
~eve~th VirgMia reg<imeutaai All thpue
'imsidf ' i-e formealyo' the rcel
From thoeoutt Gua44n, 1n1,46-.
-Muinfrron: Seve::el week4: ifore
the Se sio of this State from th for
mer Federal Union of sovereign States,
I had piabjishe&in the South Carolinian
the following communication.
"The reserved State'right of secession,
in all probablity, will be practically ex
Drcised by the duly chosen delegates of
the people of' the sovereign State of
South Carolina, so soon as they' shall
have beenoin constitutional convention
The disruption that nitist supervene,
is, in its nature, divisible; it may be
either an unqualified, or a qualified dis
ruption ; the one looking to the separate
independence of South Carolina, the
uther to such organic' changes in the
federal constitution, as shall henceforth
srve effectually to restrain tho nmajority,
and as offeotually.to protect the minor
ty-a distribution of political power,
which forms, in the true 'sense of the
term, coustitutiounal libirty. The plans
that to this end have been proposed.
namely ; the executive and legislqtive
dopartments with mutual nigatives, are,
in-themselves, fiiulless principles of po
litical sciqnce, and, derivqd as they have
been, from the archives of antiquity,
mid from actual experiences, fully de.
serve the consideration of those who
will be called upon, under circ61msan
ces of peculiar difficulty, to restore, as
nearly as may be practicable, the last
intersectional equilibrium." The events
that have taken place within the past
four years are familiar to its all and what
I would at this tine suggest is Simply
that, "upon the demand of any -thre
States, the Congres shall summon a
convention of all the States," of this
Confederacy, to take into consideration
rn amendment to the third cection of the,
fourth article of the' Confederate States
constitution in relation tb the admission
into this Confederacy. -
A4 so on as the general conivention,
thus summoned, shall have been assem
bled, it will duly consider, at the sug
gestion of the concurring States, an
amendment substantially upon the plan
of an amendmonit proposed by Mr. Cal.
haun, who in his 'isquisition on govern.
rlent, whilst commenting on the right of
suffrage and the nocessit'that thqre was
for some oONSTITUTIONA4 PROv19ioN to
counteract the despotio-tendedev of this
right, expressed himself ih these termn:
"There is but one certain mode in which
this renk can be secured ; and that 'it
by the adoption' of some restriction
limitation, which shall so effacfafRjVipLe,.
veut any one interest, or combbietien of
intereats, from Obtaining theQ.echiaii#
control of theGovernmeon aitr
hopeless all .attempts directed -;to Ats&.
enid. 'There Is, again, butk on6 mode in
which thie can be effected ; and that is,
by taking the sense of each interest' or
portion of the community, which 'may
be unequally and injuriously affected by
the action df the govcrnment, separately
through its o.wn majority, or in some
other way , by whi-Ah its voice. may be
fairly expressed; and to require the'con
sent of each interest,-either to put 6r to
keep the government in action. This,
too,'can be actOmplilied omnly in one
way, and,that is, by such organism of
the gove nent, and, if necessary for
the purpose, of the community -also, as
will; by dividing .and distributing the,
powers of the government, give to each
division or interest, thrtough its appro.
priate organ, either a concurrent voice
in makingand executing the laws, or a
veto on theit execution. 'Such an or
ganismn as thig, combined with the right
of suffrage, constitutes .in fact, the ele
ments of constitutional government."
The above p lan admirably subserve.
the purpose of its intention, i. e. an ef
fectual safeguitrd in articles of confeder
at~iotr betweeA ceotual and 3ofer'eign
States, differing inspaursuita, in .iptersta
and social iwetitutions, where the me~re
'?0) ulodteStates, frem a supposed nzumvj'j
ctsovereignty in contr~tistinadnlts
Sh sovereigny,. are apt to encrosecr
upon the libvtes :of bteslespopulous
In offering other States our constitu.
tion thus in' #dbahnce amended, tliey
will hav9erewted tlha'f'at1I sapp
-QALU 10QJ w}'J e ,$o fna 0
as to the absence of suqhan amndhpmenk
as this must be-aeoribed int .ome woaure
at least at1u Yarlince~hbw'eI pdg
tween th, piit,of, gd constim~~ . -a
the policy'of' hevernnut -' dp
mer providirg wahont ae us foy
the a ii the
their a4it~i iespite al a%gu~rs
do.4by a~~s ppgse~
if our o kst tun .wer Abs, in44ded
-tot one -tfi --na ., nito: glates
would thiilt ~.f4itg Lhereto,j 'r of
ratifyingr the saiW'"~ i-U A6 LE po..
itively affirm wbat those States might,
-or nilght ,not .a I. o1 'ask that te
trial may be' fairly m aie and in case the'
State4 in g $ faiq,. do so then they.
will IM uu d; tk jcivilized world
will clearly 'se' that our enemies are
fighting not so much for a Union as for
section l supremacy in the former Union,
And with the United States will "rest
the responsibility of all the consequences
which may follow" and which in their
train tmay befall constitutional liberty.
Very respectfully yours.
EDwAnr, G. PATMER, Jr.
An Industrious Detective and Im
Two or three days since a young cou
ple, evidently rejoicing in all the summer
delights of the honey-moon, reetched the
city and engaged ap'artments at the
Augusta Hotel. They enjoyed the peace
and quiet of that establishment, and the
bustle and, activity of our fashionable
streets until evening before last, when
the bridegroom, who had already been
noosed was forced to 'apitulate with a
prospect of being ialtered.
It appears that a member of the 11th
Tennessee Regiment recogiized the gay
lothario as a deserter,and caused his arrest
The fellow was originally from Nashville,
where as Slade, le enlisted under the
lamented Colonel Rains, in May, 1861,
leaving a wife behind him in the Rock
City. Tired of war and sighing for the
amorous sweets of doniestic life, he desert
ed on the 27th of the following July at
Knoxville, and took unto himniself A wile at
that place. How long the maiden of
the valley of the Holston was enabled
to -retain the love and marital duty of
this ficide youth. we are not advised.
He is next heard of at Wilmington,
where he changed is name to Bryant,
and acted for two years as a Government
Of course he married again, Knoxville
and his two former. wives having fallen
into the Yankee hands. To the aston
Ishilient of his old comrades, he appears
on the scene before them while they
were in line of battle at Kenesawv moun
tain last summer, But his tastes were
not for the muic of shells, and though. a
mile and a half to the rear, lie became
demoralized and ied.
Not.hiag more was. heard of Slade or
Brfant.by his forner associates until
Thursday, when he developes himself
,i9 ly TmArried man. He had quit
ted Wilmington,. when the city and his
thirdwifo fell into Federal possession,
and was travelling on papers that granted
him permission to visit Greensboro, Ga.,
h ifof men f a mrriage contract.
46y s since he e posed his
i t 8 4ai D u 4 in th~is S tate.
Butkthe hioney-moon was no;ilowed to
*wx gn wane before he came to grief.
..A- d. hhitlls btw'lttle chaper of
qmarnce--tlie hero ii in the Aigusta
Barracks, and the. heroine lonely and
sad in her solitary bridal chamber. Slade,
or Bryant, (whichever hie pleases) has
a brillant prospect before him., For
desertion lie is liable to be shot, and for
indulgance in the Mormon doctrine of a
plurality of wives, he subjected himself
to a- long duration of prison life.-- Con
FnoM CENTRAL , AMERICA.-From
Northern journals we .learn the harbor
of Greytown is almostentirely closed by
the bar, and that it ter with the greatest
dificulty the passenger' boats of ' thme
Tlransit Comnpany cross the obstruction.
The President of.Gtqatemala delivered a
letigthy message .to thre Legislature. He
expreses'sympathy for Peru in.her diffi.
culty with Spain, but at the same time
ahiudes pointedly to the friendship exist
ing between Guatemala and Spain. He
rejoices that an "able and firm' govern
ment is established in Mexico, and says
that Central America should draw
" close" to it, but not sulrrender the re
publican form of rule. Thei coming cot
tin. orop of San Salvador is valued at one
m1111ion of dollars and the commercial and
noutary state of the coutywsat
Illinois is gei~ttg to be a cosmopolitan
t'ata' -Th'e Governor's niessage is to
GaRIPxvn*~,a)IxD ComaraW BRyL
win.4Prep e~i are noir.ing rav
'idly made'o- bthe daa -on this
ro aypaya of thme
will soont pr M er. loAstn
ays: "Tha ihas arriv she
Mor runeit, o Ketuo agemqn~oi.
pated alii hia.e. .ht, imoailed
The actual stock o cotton im Liverpool
.on tho. 30thp 40a nary anounts to
466,OOO hales, in ecefss- of estimatet.
The stock of A rean is 23,000 bales,
'being 12,500 ba y abo e the estimates.
A man in Dryden, Now York, lost
his witeSunday, married his servant girt
Monday, and both' *ent to the funeral
Tues4ay. Yankee morals.
"COTTON TRADE."-A church in New
York hasnade $340,000 by substitu
ting horse hair for. cotton in their pad
cuslhions and backs
Co~nMuusiasiur-. let fflati Nb.
lieo. , .
A LL guardians and trustees who are re.
quired to make returnalto the Com'r
in Equity, are notified that their returns
must be made before the 1st of June next.
Com. rin Equity, F. D.
Commissioner's office, April 18, 1865.
T IE subsoriber, having unfortunately
lost all his means by the late cona.
gration, proposes, as a livelihood, to open a
Commission House in Winnsboro, to be con
ducted on the same principle as similar es
tablishments in Columbia and other places.
The ladies, both in - Winnsboro and sur
rounding country, are most eepec(fully so.
licited to send forward such articles as they
can spare, via: Butter, Eggs, Cloth, 8eoke,
Mattrasses, Bed@, Crockery Ware, Cutlery,
Jewelry &c., &c. The gentlemen are also
earnestly requested to bring, or send in
such articles as they may have to spare for
the benefit of the public. As soon as I can,
procure an auction room, I will announce
to the public the regular days on which I
will auction such articles as may be confided
to my pare. I have procured an auction
eer, whose reputation as such, Is notorious
ly known throughout this country!
Win'nsboro, 8. C., A. D. HILLIARD.
A WET NURSE. One withon a 'hild
required. Apply at this )fnce.
Coll's PIsAoI for Sale.
A FINE Colt's Pistol, silver mounted, can
. be purchased by applying at this ofice.
Wassted to ffire,
FOR' THE GOVERNMEONT.
TWO Blacksmiths, (good hore-'shoers.)
SIX Laborers. A. M. RHETT,
apI 18'65 Capt. & A. Q. M.
Rutle for Sale.
O N Monday next, 24th April, '06, tnofront
0 of my stablos and to the highest bid
der, will. be sold one condemned MULE. be
longing to the Government. -
A. V. RHETT, 9
apl 18'65-8 Capt.&A. Q.M.
state of oReuth Varokuava
ADJI1 ANDINSP. 0EN'LS OFFICE.
- UIoN C. H., FEa. 28, 186
General Orders, No. 8.
I LIEUT. Colonel James M. Baesn,
e special aid to his excellency, the Gov
ernor, Is ehargedwitl the superintendence
of the State Works at Greenville, S. C., as
the representative of the Governor, hewill
be obeyed and respected accordingly. .
By order, WM. F. NANCE, A. A. 0.
4'Papers of the Stateoopy twie.
Ure. L. Steves,
BEG8 LEAVE TO INFORM THlE LADIBS,
that she is prepared to repair and re-shape
H10 0 P--S K I R T S.,
Any work ofthis kind, entrusted to for,
will biexecuted to satiufaotion, asd sti te
sonable charges. Ordesp left at 4he iries
bore llotei will be promptly attended to. '
Mtate of S0osth I r9 Sa
- E Alti'MENT.
UNxIA, March 27,18.
T'II o5a'f Godtate has rendered
G1?~ overnmesto, setate ose~
'cenvened,. Ihat sche
as the welhee of
quire. -Antd fo. -that aupoe&b
sftbe Senate and) the house A34~ise
tiYPB of the Otatqof.euth
by lnvited to asble a
T UIBDAY, 40,864 day of
3W -Al papera s n ,Jta
untu la e tiniaex..;~ aW ...t,,am