OCR Interpretation


The tri-weekly news. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1865-1876, May 09, 1865, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026922/1865-05-09/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

WN
TUESDAY MORNI
Late' Pap~sk. -4
Mr. DAVID JONES wil please accept
our thanks for a copy, of the Coludibia
Phonix, of the.th ink, from which we
make several extacts. '
. We also ten*der ou' aclinowledgements
to Dr. 11. BOYLBTON, for a copy of the
Daily Carolinian of the 6th inst.
Such favors are appreciated ,by us
especially at a time like the present.
-ine Strawberries.
We return our thanks' to 2its. J.. S.
STEWART for a saucer, of large, luscious
strawberries, which came to hand on
Saturday afternoon last.. \e, together
with our better half, enjoyed the treat,
and take pleasure in returning than1ks to
our esteemed friend 'for her present.
Deathof a God Citisefl.
Mr. T. J W'Er.js, a bhighly respected
cilizen of this town, departed this life
on Sunday afternoon lIst, after, an illness
of a fe* weeks. The deceased was an
examplary shristian, a fine gentleman
and an excellent scholar. As aprofos
sor of education he had but fow supe
riors. We havo heard it said of him that
-4 since the death of .the lamented HUDSON
there has nou resided in this community
a person more qualified for the training
of the young mind.. -We deeply sympa.
thize with. the afflicted family in their
sad bereavement.
Paroles.
The Chester Carolinian of Saturday,
says that "Major T. E. WALCOTT. of
Gen. SoHOFIELD'S Staff,. is in Chester,
giving paroles to the officers and men of
the Confederate army."
From Charlotte, N. C.
We have been informed by a gentle
man who has arrived here, that by the
request of citizens of Charlotte, N.. C.,
a guard of Union. soldiers have arrived
there and been putbn duty for the pre.
servation of order and quiet.
Proclamations.
His Excellency, Gov. A. G. MA.
onAruI, has, issued two proclamations,
which appear in the Columbia
Iwnix, the one in reference tQ
gathering all "subsistence, stores and
property, belonging to the once Confed.
crate States, within the limits of our
State, by "agents of- the State appoint.
ed for that purpose." "The subsistence
and other stores to be used for.the re
lief of the people of the State, and the
other property of whatever kind to be
held for the common benefitof the State,
and subject to such distribution as may
be hereafter determined'upon by the
I)roper authorities of the State.'
Tihe Governor further says .in this
proclamlationl, that "if will be recognized
as a duty in the highest degree obliga.
tory upon the agents of the Stata whbo
wvill receive these supplies, to provide
k out of them freely to the soldioe of this
or other States, paissing throughi dir
limits, wvho may need aid."
I'; Subject to this clain, all such stipplies
will be held for givinlg. subsistence to
- -the peoplde of our State wvho are destitnte
and in want of food.
The other proclamation is in refer
ence to the distillation of liquors in the
State, against law. The proclamation
says:
"All persons engaged ,is the digtilla
tion of hiquot's referred -to in the laws of
the State, wifi be required to present the
evidea'de o~f the authority given - to them
to contiino' i sucli busness. And' in
Iall caises when- such authority be 2ot.oi.
hibited, iniformnation ethereof' will be comn
mnunicated to the Prosecuting Offlers of
the State, who r~ begppointed for the
.onforcement of the A ni i laws of thse
land, in that portion, of t whiete
'suoh. violation may be found.. ,
"The Auditor-G neral of the 'tate,
Jas Tuiar Es.,'*il1 - 'ah fromn the
proer ffiersthenaiye #fsuc~h persolis
- as have been duly authorised to oggihge
in the diitihlamion of liquors, and pbish
the same for general iformeation/ '.y
. We give 'the above resume of
Governlor's :proclamatuma, becauwe of
are of' pubic interest add a~',the~
fare 6f the whoin .people. We -do no;
underatand why bis Exnllin has on
, p iqon. to a si ewl
POT j~presnt de In of
00lp, their app in
all rtiing npwspapijQV$
reach bufa snall portion of the citiserns
for whoginformation Executive notices
are intended-es a citizen, willing to con
tribute, even more than rateably to the
publicoburdon, -we thus extend the noti
ces.
From the Correspoudsiem'er the New York
Herald.
The Vapitulationiof Goa. Lee.
INTERESTING INOIDENTS AND PARTICU
LABS.
APPOMATTOx C. H., April 9-6 .P. x.
The glorious consummation so long
de'voutly wished'for, has at length been
attained. The cotistant and mlparalleled
marching and fighting of the last twolve
days has cnlminated to-day in the sur
render of General Robert E. Lee and his
entire army to the victorious legions led
on by Gene'al Gtant.
THE SIZE OF LICE'S ARMY AT THE SURRIEN
DER.
The remnant of his army is variously.
estimasted at from twenty thousand to
thirty thousand. My own opinion is
that it will exceed the dutside figure.
ITS CONDITIOZ4.
The trains have been terribly cut up
and Captured since the corrmenae
ment of his retreat from Richmond. be
sides these he. has been, compelled to.
abandon and destroy large numbers, un
til the reimainder -will fall - below the
usual alloivance for such a force.
His artillery has been suffering the
same depletion, and is cut down to the
minimum with which an army of equal
size ever moves.
TILE conESI'oNnENCE CONCInNINo TILE
sURRENDI-nI.
A-corrospondence, looking to the sur
reilder ot Lee's army, commonced be
,wen himself aid General Grawt day
before yestorday, as a'nnounced ,in my
previous dispatch.' The purport of Gen
eral. Lee's frst note was to ascertain the
best terms on which he could surrender
his army. General Grant is understood
to Have offered to parole 1he oicers ad
men, And allow them to return to. their
homes until regularly exchanged. To
this General Lee seems tohatve demur
red. He at least tried the dodge of re
plying to this'comminicatioi by rejuest
ing a personal interview at a certain
place, at 10 o'clock A. r., to-day, to ar
range "terms of peace." As. this was
changing the question to issue and un
der discussiou, - siLd,qno which General
Grant haid neither the inclination nor 'the
authority-to decide, he replied in a note
which admitted of no misconstruction,
and which virtually ended the nogoti
tions. On receipt of tlis Genral Lee
once despatcheud another, - requesting
personal interview for the object nam
in General Grnt -communicatioH
yesterday, viz: the'surrenider of his a
tire army.
WHEInE THE COOWUNICATIONS WERE Rk
OElvED.
General Grant and staiff were at Gen
oral Meade's headquarters last night, in
rear of the second corpswhere' the flag
of truce bearing ,the respective' cominu
nications had been' sen and receiitbo.
Supposing all further negotiations jefer
red to the arbitrament< of the pword,
Gen, Grant breakfatod 'at are o'clock in
the morning, and star-ted immnediaitelv
for~ the ettreme left '6f our line, held by'
General Sheridan, in. the v~icinity o(EpA.
pomattox Ourt House. Consequently,
wvhen the cominunication-'was reeived
it was forwarded' by Major Peace,'"of
General Mea'do's staff, who overtook~
General Grant'about live miles froni the
Court House, between ole von and twelve
o'clock~ -
THE PL.AOE OF COON13Ii5NQE APoNTE.
A commnunication was immnediately
dispatched by Lieut. Col. Batbcock and
stali, to General T, appointiqg Ade
mnattox Court House as 'the place of
meeting.
H lE MISTtNG 6V$ ETQ
General. Leer was moon reached 1 ty
flag of truce, and repaired to the houise
off tWI e'~p ~f tbhe
remainitlg ho o a I the v~
General 0raxr ~ qtgf~e)jn
uteslater-, and'itered tbe. parldrwhp
Gieneral Lee 'wia alating lhm,. Th
converreation~en;ra Gistd1cAet4 s
were called in and fArmialy- pressaI.
The.cvettionj w*s dobbr, and cont
fed to 1obshiess, e t 90a'feW'l
.ozo -wd hers. ,
T hrie ter~ns 'of sutrender4'.vo, eaon j
~reo upon, reduced to 'writing andi
gneCfo whiph Lev u ep
Igo
ativej t .surrender have &Ire
publ.
By the time the papers were 4rawn
and igned, it was too Ato to prooeed to
the forimal,.: ceremonies Of the occasion
And further pioceedings were posetpouea
until to-rhorro w.
ORNERAL LEE.
Gqneral Lee was acco-meanied only
by 0olonel Maruhal, fUw mely of BAlti
more, at present aid-de-oamp on. his
staff, and Orderly Johns, who has served
him in that capacity for fourteen months.
Lee looked very.much faded and worn,
but, nevertheless, presented .the same
magnificent phisique for which he has
always been noted. He was neatly
dressed in gray eloth, without enbroid
ery or any isignia of rank, except three
stprs wori on the turned, portion of his
coat collar. His cheeka wore very much
bronised -by exposure, but still shono
ruddy underneath it all., He is growing
quite bald. and wears one of the side
locks of his hair thrown abros the up.
per portion of his forehead, which is as
white and fair as a woman's. - He stands
fully six feet one inch in height, and
weighs something over two. hundred
pourids, without being burdened with a
pouid of superfluous flesh. During the
whq-interview he was retired and dig
nified to a d'gree bordering on taciturn.
ity, but was free from all exhibition of
temper or mortification. His demeanor
was that of a thoropghly possessed gen.
tlemaan: who had a very disagreeable
duty to perform, but wts determined to
get-through it as well and as soon as he
could.
He rode an ordinary gray horse, with
plaih 'equipnents similar to those -of our
cavoiry officers, and his orderly stated
that this was the only animal he had
here.
Ile bivounced last night near a place
known, as the - "Stone Chimney," in a'
grove, and make his breaKfst on a 'corn
aodger.' . His troops are even worse off.
THE SUnRENDER A St'nRSE TO 1118
one ,but a few. of his officers ass
pected that ho contemplated surrender.
nighis army, untill this morning. -
nE0IPT OF GEN. LEE'8 LETTER.
At nine oclock a despatch was for'
warded from Grant to General Lee who
was upon t road a short distance in
our front. t was taken throui our
lines under flag of truce-by Lieuten.
ant-Colonel Whittier, Assistant Adju
tai4 Genera ; So(eond corps; A coinnu
nication to General Grant was retarned,
whicrj was received by General Mo4de.
who had ridden to the front, and by him
to Gen. Grant, who had- gone
eneral Sheridan's, who. with
nd Tweety-fourth cortis, as
bsequently informed, was lIn
rebel army at the Appoinat
lbuse, thud eiithrelv surrol
cutting off its retrent.
1elrl .ee was infom
as in his front, and tha
nicate with him there.
CESSATI9N OF HOSTILITI
.While the 'nessenger
word was in' conversation 'with
Taylor, Lee's kesistant Adjncant Gm.
eral, General Forsyth, Sh-erIdan's chief
of 'staff, came riding dgwn the'road, hav
ing; passed thirotag the rebel army,
bearing an order fom General Grant to
General Meade for a cessation of hiostili;:
ties imAil two o'clock.
TRlE TWO wARIIN B.ATTJM ARRAl.'
It was known'that .the enerdy-was iu
our immediate 'front and had thrown u
works preparatory to .resisttng omed
vance. lie had halted, and the For.
ty-ninth Alabaniia was. dleployed as'akir
mishers. - - -
Just pr-ior to tjie reception of Oeneral
Q~jnt's order he difflone hid $4en
massed and the artillery had been brought
to the front, and every disppsitiont made
for Maak. -.
- A etmnber dit o ffloers rode over to
t&de%61.link anid conversed frey and
would be pad.ln 4 gonomep;
wh# had bxtofJoeqo; 'if they
questions, to r e) .&ne the
ptomptest if y algays h moqt truth.
.- Mds& o4te'~n -dvig excellen~t
,~l whuile tlr, tit me skuet pf -tke
regiment bri~4 or dilo-g~ )l
twi' their #e. Nathe~ hi .
tagpammwog, ~
'A hand%ipa mour 5)~tfIi' ltb~Ikm
plny'ing'n variety gf' national dis, wflch
.were 4ted sho our men
anda jp V& from the
rees.
ENTH A 8P 4zI EEt*ULT OF THE
PARLECY.
.At four o olook it was announced that
the surrender bad bedn consuminated
and tie arti6les signed. And now the
enthusia'am which had been restrained
by uncertaintybokia loose. Officers and C
men indulged inthe wildest antics. The o
various brigade-commanders announced h1
he joy ul news to their commands and a
obeers of the 4ildest dosetiptiob followed. 9,
The won threw thoir hats high ip the air, d
leaped, ran, jumped, threw themselves a
into each others arms, and setmed mad a
with joy. Whiskey, .whih 'had been i
eadrce for the' past few days, as if by q
mgic appeared in large qtiantities, .and
peace and roupion were pledged in a thou
sand varied forms.
INTECOUBSE . nNTWEEN THE TWO AR
IES PROHIBITED., b
The troops soon after went into camp t
aud all intercourse between the 40
armies was prohibited by 'placisg a t
strong kuard between thom.
OONMENCE. BETWEK ORD AND LONG- 1
STREET.
In the meantime, General Ord accom
panied by his staff and body guard, had
ridden down to the outskir's of the A p- t
pomattev, where he left his party, and
attended by only a few, .advanced to.
wards the Court House and, met Gen
eral Iongetreet and severa other Con
federate offioere.
THE PARTIE8 PREStCNT.
The parties present. at this historical I
coniference were, on the Union side, Gen
erals Ord, Sheridan, Gibbon, Merrill,
Afres, Griffti, Bartlett and Crook; Col
onel Small, Chief Comrissary, and $mnr
geon Mog, .Medical Inapector of tho
Army of the James. On the rebel side
ivero Generali toogsteet Go-donPHeth
Wilcox, Fairfax, and Surgeon 6ollon.
THE E'ETIN.
General Ord, as soon as tongstreet ap
proauhe4, adVance4 and was introduced
to him by General Shteridnim. They im.
mediately retired together, an4 hid a.
long and apparently very interesting
conversation, while the other members
qf the party oi 'both aides fraternised in
small throngs, and discussedl the affairs
of the Confederaoy and the contents of
various flasks that had been brorght out I
1pecially for the oceasion. Tho two prin
cipal Generals, 1 have since discovered,
were unable to make any terms, as the
whole power of settling.the matter rested
with.Grant and Lee, Longtreet in
formed General Ord that Lee was already
comqulicating with Gen. Gralit.
THE OUTSIDE CONV38ATION.
Doring all this timo General GQttlen,
of Longstreet's command w4i givIng
some interesting particulars to the party
a.iompanying General Ord. He stat.
e that the Cohfede-aev war abonrt play'
-out. He said that the only.hope Lee
ad was to break throughourine. and
ke the Lynchburg 'red. At a coun.
I of war hellin the rebel lines yester.
ay, General Lee had stated that he did
not believeawything ;was betweon him
atA the road but Sheridan's cavtry.
He said that dip Id not ieieve. infantry
e'aiile have m a i,hg atiy march. of
fo'rty miles frn 1farmvjlle m little over
twentty four houre, and furthermobre h'e
added thaatsho had Intercepted a datoh
from General Grant to Ord directing the
lhtter Genral to more on Appomiattoax
Cour~ ~~ , ahmd ho felt com fident that
as the. lar hade~ feceirve the ormder
heshad not moved. InfortunateIy Gen
eral Lee had .not' calculated on OraI mov
ing the mofnent'he hoard tilat Sheridan
han strmiek the enenmy, with or without
orders ;,neither'hads ha prbperljer atma
ted the character of these iroun men, who,
nader Gibbon and Griffn, had presd
fordaid with an -rndurance and a rapidi'
.t at he had not in this
opinion, and th t he was
satisfied that sir ron-,.
Hifs.'views uded, and
Lee made orning dni the
nets irn ~ r When thi. ad
riqi pV ree ~m read
trpbour nli p~Crpfien
fo' irs,tim gprypiead the
I ~egAraopdi
th'olumn of
infanrt hg& a :H't,'Les
woud fave~rokes.4rrdan a
fraed a finea ag. .hmrg rd
weis a seveN bat. na have n
emghits with et -jadv teof R~ n
on .&td side ~ ~ ' who ald
have nioved AJeipjgains joug rear
and them% i gsp. ~
G"ftr'h 1D0~ $ ton om with
Geneal TLan..tao ramatfl Il..t
led ly his dty.
Gen ug.
Ia loV the
DNFXnENom BEIWAEN G .4a
A$(D RI#~ ~
The final moeting -btwe*.Qitj*
[an POLse too th cn
Mr M n(Lea App alt
ad met to usewiplm biness, And they
ecomplisled itin a strai ht ferward. '
ldier~like Rai The *gltniitb -
rawn up on a amaf tabk,. and uses
tely made oat in 'Pro r form, 1nd
igxed by the'two genoelson a mntble
Pped contre table of soiOWha ati.
uated fhabion.
TUN *A bL*-.
ie centre table on wgich th-b
a finally signed was purchaseo
y .al O1 for $60. General dus
ir puischased the otheT table on which
ke minutes were drawn out fot $26.
Ue only trophies left Mr. Maolkne were
he chairs occupied by the two Geneuals
nd the roo-n itself in-which the reet
ig took place.,
THE cntis.
Numerous oters were wade fortbe
hairs, but Mr. Maelatie steadily refused
o part with, thew. Finally two cavalry ,
lfftcert, one 6-f -tbon t *o6onel, finding
hat they could not obtain thb chairs by
ny other means, seited them by-fore
zd made off with' them. They hA
ndeavored to, mal.e the. pwi taike
noney for them, but he had flung the
>roffored greenbacks on the floor.' AfWte
hey. had been gone *Otne'thfe a eoiulry'
feoer rode ip to thehouse, salled 'Mr.
Saclane out, thrust a ten dollax' note. in
ins hand, and shonking, "this is fox tIq
olonel's chair," rode Off ii- hot haef4.
leneral Oi and General Custar are
)Oth on the track of these gentlemen,.ahd
tis very probable 'that the chairs will
ie restored to their owner.
ESAPE OF ROSSE'8 CAVALRY.
Rower's rebel cavalry had aucceedeti
n getting out before the surrender. ud
>fcourse were not included in it. Thjey .
ire, however, being followed by Orook's
livision, and will probably, be all bg,
ged.
WAGONS AOAIN AT THiI FROT.:
The monent it was known at Le
imid surrendered, the teanis were jhurried
o the front, and tbe troops plentifulr
iupplied with rations, while the offcera
were again enabled to obtain their.blan
iets and the change of clothes almost, sll
loded. -
OENERAL LEE'S JtRADQUAtREB
Capt. Atchison, of Gen. Ord's stadf,
nas sent to the~rebel lines tonig'it i6 an
inibulance to visit Gen. W. F. Leo i
business. He found the Genoral in n'
ihertr tent, with his staff ahd numerous.
general officers collected 'Attintd a ArW 11
Frontsh. Whaev may have been thi
liardships to wbich his mvqA' werb .
luced, the Generals weie still able to
look after their own comforts. ind to a*.
ply supply their liqor chets 'with
co qri ko apa
"arity of alcohol ' dik." They ar
ed as a general 'hng to be exbee
gloomy. An opimon seenled to ptevI
runong them that there would be alnotb*
war withip ten years. Someof thed~
saidit would be dangerous for the'United
Stips even to engage in a war w' . a
foreigni power, with such a volcano .ls
bering in its'vitals.
TJIS ENEMY SOPPTJED wIT.H PR803h?
-(Gal. Small, Chief Commary ofle
Army.of the James, was directig~y
Gen. Ord to supply tho rebel~onyw~
twenty-Aive thousand rai
of the meat to be cattle ont. -honE
These supplies were sent ini late in 'tl
afternoon, and were reseive4.by -the rev
.1. with loud.an4 oontinued heering.
TIF N#1EOT QF'THE ARe c.
The profopnidest sensation f wd
Gezmerol Grant's order fo the~
of hostilitica amoIn the ya worn vta
erana of a hundred campal Qce1
a our front~ on the
the Peninsul., t
Pennsylvania,
C~hancellors ;;fpb . to
Petersbur kmner a. w
h tp 'on.
uld'
North'and'the Southi Wa to bem thupwn
the political econoist.a
passed but slowry. Tie. d dn
evey h rsnin atrabea 4 gb

xml | txt