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VOLUME I SB1ORO, 8. C.,. TUEDAY. MORNING, JUNE '1 18 865. -R.
THE TRI-WEEKLY NEWS:
BY J.'B. BRITTO.N.
TUE *TRJ-WEEKLY NEWS is published
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[Froth Charleston Courier.]
*Interesting Statement of the Position
of Davis and the 'Confederate Gov
RIoHMOND. Monday, May 15, 1865.
-0w'ng to the mystery of secret sessions
and thtreticence observed by the jour.
nails, mu6h of the roal history or he
gpat struggle remains to be written.
AT is known to the world that Ir. Da
vis weilded' to the last, the full powers of
the So.uth, and that the Southern Con
. gress granted nearly all his requets for
power, insatiable. as he seemed to be in
this respect.- But it is well known that
W' was .ntipopulair with . the, leading
- t tesmoi of the. South. They thought
lightly of-his capackty, ,and deemed hui
.an incumbus upon their catise. '-Some
opposed him openly, but th'e majority,
while deploring his errors, did not think
it a fit pqriod' for opposition. Among
tiq former class . Were Orr, . Toombs,
Wigfall, Graham. -Among the latter
were Messrs. Campbell, Cobb, Hunter
and Aiany others. On the other. hand,
DaviA had a cordial hatred fok Con.
rarss, and took no -pains to conceal it.
4 Ute of his last proceedings was to send
in a special niessauge. which, when an
alyzed, was found to to be nothing less
than a carefully prepared bill of indict
inent, and designed to throw upon the
Corigree all the odlua in the event of
failure. 'this document elicited aa6Vere
rely from phe .Senatj2 at which body
it Wvas supposed to be e specially aimed
No person, perhas; -ever occupied a
priominenLposilion who availed himself
so Ilittle of ivisdoti or experience of oth.
eri as 1r. Davis: lie was rudely in
tolerant bfaniy dfference of' opinion, and
6eeune'd to rejoice in isqAtion from tlose
whowere likely to express' an Indepen.
dent judgment. His Idopotient 'byer
hi dnhinee was s4ne. He idpnitted
- thstt. he kffdw noting, of fImance,' but
fipon all Vtier sutjects nide no p/letence
When ho Seitie'rn Congress met ii
iyNocm1er laat, fr. Davis sent, In
a ea which was uponl the wh@,
of oonfdent' tone. He e med to
ake no. account 6f the waning r
sourees anil spirif of 'th 'South,' or' the
1 ep[ her armis, and
stil leui of thecofstanef, deleniination
arid pqwer ortbe North. Re iuembers
of o 4. notwo diposed'to a'cept
ag i~pr thuis 3beerfial manifeato, and as
-c.4dry a. reolidon 'was"'Offeed' by
M Cjeron for: a joitit committee to
be ondition Of public afairs'
Th efet of this was to cont
e nItrati4i'to IgofA into" 4
ow t.hl k motion Mr.' Davis
- 6' as a hostile pro
W660 % i nebigatiop lq
. .. mn'o4 bd htlhI rnlu
p6oked pro 4a nked 6ra
4 per oM Su the. 'o t
S, eahrthi~i rma
rces nIpe, ri e
-the Confeders y ti
pm i t 6inens vi
and a t4
- thq an sbJ tia
reconstruction was infinitely proferrable
to subjugation. Continue the contest,
and the upshot would be that no terms
whatever could be obtained.
Views of this sort were presseal by
Mr. Hunter and others.upon Mr. Davis,
and for a long while it seemed with
some prospect of securing his assent
But the Richmond 'Enquirer, &ntinel
and Whig were furious in their denun
ciations of any reconstruction. In a
little while, Mr. Davis. began to be jea
lous of Hunter, and he, his clique and
orgtans, spared no- pains to break him'
down. Feeling that his effort to save
his State from .fresh calamity 'was -un.
availing, Mr. Hunter, at the close of
the session, retired to his home in Es.
sex County. Tife-breach between him
and President Davis was complete and
final. The majority of both Houses of
the Confederate Congress were ready
for peace negotiations, but nothing
could be done without the co-operation
of the Executive. The ultra war- men
and presses denounced all who thought
there was danger ahead, as "croakers"
and "whipped men " The ma'sses of
the people kiimw little of'the actual'sit
uation, and were ready. and. anxious to
AlgI as long as there wal & i-easoiable
prospect of success. Thiere can be no
doubt, however, that,ttiey were gceatly
oxIhuse'd and wearied of the-war, and if
their rulers had sought ant honorable po
cification, they would have sistained
One of the mon whose hatred. to Da
vis was most- intense End- bitter was
Wigfall of Texas.: 'Ile declared'.that
success with J~fferson Davis at' the helm
was impossible-that his iicapaoity and
obstinacy would ruin, any cause . in thty
world, aid lie favorod a counter" ruvolu
tion to dispuse hian. He proposed. to
coerce Davis and Stephens to resign,
and it is probable that the President's
jealousy of 'Tunter who would thus
have succeeded, excited by this project,
had . ahr.ipfgirigItes
schene of the latter to ope hegoiations
IfMr. Davic were to sucooed-ininak
ing.his way to Europe, he would then
pass into histpry as in inqom'petent, who
had brought ruin on the cause hie as
pired to, lead. Hardly any of the public.
iien of the, South have any lilging for
him,'and evety one would then have his
stoty totell of blunders and mismanage,
Pent. As it is, howeveri Mr. ]avie is
a hunted fugitiye, ffekeing for life; with
a price set on his head' : The'Southerns
era all-feel that the North desirs to
punish him because he was their, chosen
leader.and representative, and as such
they. desire his eape. Atthis moment
Mr. Davis rallIek aiqind him siyTapa.
thies. of every Southern man or womvil,,
and nowhere mor6 than in this. city
whpre thousands-havebeen beggared b
the incendiary proce dings wil attezu
ed-his departute. 'Ihe Southerners say'
that there is no more rejason why Mr.
Davia should be punished than them
solves for rebellion. They pt- him in his
position, and kept iuiii and approved
his opp'sition to th6i natiotal authority.
Again, 'while. aill-BUtherners look
witir horror -and detf'bsation upon the
crime by;which Mr.---Voohi lost his life
they, allroepudiisf44idea titeir Gov--'
verneki h! .aUghtto' ih it. Even
hseamongthe prost ter upon Mr.
DavIa arn, that hewolinever for ene
pnomet have countinancedmo infamous
ort'es :."ti6w 'Uis noobe
lie*d thm : iiiiijhorishtday
psesnalhostillt the'late ngide
drifor/the em ~ of hiWahhbtii. 1Hik
hatred. *ete f , elbailst thSouth,5
thoueowhop hei met b ter
hifp-in popolatin or e omatured'
toqiqrglOn bis i1bis ,Wehk.IadI
ladoeobusson 114e @ fxir He wis'
etiolis of Buter and Liee but*6edgea
;b*e :pityvo u~ostasjpr6ated end
31 hf4 rddnm,~Vnu be
n~h ix thirn
,td ibi tte
been executed a' ear ago but for the in'
terposition-of Mr. Davis "Aid Gen. Lee.
it is well that these facts should be
known in forming an estimate of. one
whoso'character all are now djscussing.
The .same Southern, gentlemen who re
pudiate'as absuird the ide4ithat Mr. Da
vis.could havi stooped 't6 so iifamous a
critne as ihht of procuring the assassna
tion of Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Seward,
will tell you that he was obstinate, nar
row, self-willed, domineering and selfish
--a man whose faults of temper and in
tellect would have ruined a far stronger
cause than that of the South. A6 they
speak from this poiht of view, their tes
timony is entitled to the more weight.
it ii a verdict of acquittal from a hostile
The amount of specie taken h'ence by
the Confederate Governent has been
greatly over-rated. It did not much ex
ceed half a million of dollars; but a large
proport ion -* sky half-was in silver. and
hence the bulk would gi the idea of a
great value. The Richmond banks took
away their specie, and this amount.way
have reached wveral millions of dollars.
It is an error to suppose that Mr. Davis
took away thii or any amount of specie
with the idoe of providin4g Tor himsdf in
Europe.. Tliq balances f, the Confeder.
atd Gove-~nment in foreigncountries con-.
staittly kept up to procur supplies. &6.,
ard~ubjebtto tho chedki 6f Mr. Davis
aUd his Cabinet, and are qple to-mtet
their wants if they get abroad. Besioles,
itis well known that, lien Mr. D:.vis
Mte' bero he, of all mouii the worid,
had tile least id--a that the Confederacy
was about to tumble. '|ie coin was fo
provide fupda bi a wi. 'ifAnerica-to
buy food and munitinha of war. H
thought, in his folly, he :tould give up
the capital and the greML8tato of Vir
ginia, and, with the cottow States, keep
up the contest until the 1orth should be
wearied out. At the b Aninag cf-ho
war, tli seven cotton-- ;Ats tiought
that, by. their stapet, tI oyuld o .erco
Christendom, the North inoluded; and
of this folly of standing alon their.lead
ers had not been fully cur,. Mr. Davis
halted at Dauville, with the intention of
locating his Government -.there. He
stayed just .ope week. 'On: earing of'
Lee's capitulition, and that..ihqre was.no
organized body of troops &1?veen himl
and Grant. he set out for Chd Hotte, N C,
intending to fix his capital there. . Even
after Lee's capitulation, lie qeemed ut
torly tinable to grosp the situation. . He
etill thought hintself able to make war
or peace, as he pleased; and it is'report
ed that-heeveti hestated 't'acpti
thie rers granted by Sheriani an'd
subsequently st., aside 6y Presidnt
Johnson. After spending three or four
days at Greensboro, he left for ONarlotte,
where he proceeded talocate his capilgIJ
opoA up Government offices; cofrer
promotions, 'appoint generals, &c. Ndih.
Ing could exceed. his infatuation. Re:
wasted. time which, for his esqpe, 0
invaliabl n, 'keeping up -te forts of
a Governuuent' wlhkh had no'elstoeie.
The train of GoV'ernmentand batik ' 4ii
haud already started for the- Soutin> Of
hit.qwt safety. .Mr. ..Davis senm;dtto
take.itgo t 110ght, Wi fatigie. higt (
at the i-iad of a powefl p 1eole,
to marshAl atiios 4nd ofrert 0 htRoV
No6rthi t n' -al le
(ertunee-weres des ardte.' . '
In 6 ie midAs Qt I thia d* istot eante
the intQl i t " t a the
wubseq9Efit thovets a4 rat# of -
gves e probb nob kniMT6
~ra s e as
tq.-vbdtM r elt p I.*
I -h-dy ath
swonagau asnotanV amas
rate communications. How Mr. Dvis
could, shut his eyes to all this, is perfect.
ly marvelous ; but he did, and when peo.
ple spoke to him of negotiation, ht doubt.
ed and arraigned their patriotism. Gen.
Lee had, beyond all, the most gloomy
forelodings. . As.early as the 9th of
Mart:bh, he wroto'a lettef to Mr. Davis,
stating that he could rieither hold his
lines nor withdraw his army, 'with' the
small number. of troops at his command.
And yet it is said that, in % speich. at
Charlotte; Mr. Davis spoke of his inabil'
ity to understand why a force of 12;000
men should surrender. Judge Campbell
constantly pressed upon the attention of
the Government the fact that the ivar
coulr not be carried on, in the vain hope,
that, unable to dispute the statement,
they would draw the necessary infer
ence, and -consent to negotiations upon
the basis of reconstruction. But he
counted without his host._
PAROLED SoLDIER8.-It- ha be'en a
curious question with some pereons,
whether. the. number of applicant. for
paroles 'is ais great at other poifints'as at
that of Macon, ant *if'o;- what inxte be
tohe total-number of Confederato soldiers
yet,"alive and kicking,". of wbonic'om-.
mainders in the field could have known
r.othing? A gentletan roiarked in
our presence the' other da4y, that tl'y
daily crowds at the Prrovot Marshali
offlde, seeking paroles, exceeded what
he had been led to believe the entire
active, force of the. Confederate army,
ia asked where they could bave eome
from& Sote orie1' standing' by, 'face
tiously replied, ."Why, don't you see
from the mud on theirshoes and breeches,
that they are just out of the swamp I"
Perl.aps these are a portion of the two.
thirds absentees from the army, to which
Mr. Davia alluded in one of his speeches
in this city. Many of 'them, we doubt.
not. hvt eon perfectly harmless.. as
belligents during the war, and can have
no jus grouqlv ot 'apprehensiQ thaU
they will be hold 'acouii4able as arms
bearing "rebels." When a full return
of all.Confedorates who heve been phrol
edsince .the surreander of Geuerals Lee
and .Johnstpn -shall, ie-made, it..w.ill
*presept some Quriogs statistics, nore
flattering perhaps, to,. the iumorical
strength than the moal heroism of the
Southern people. We phall then be
able toleat'n, not what was the attainable.
but the unavailable force of the Souti.
[~ Macoin' Junai.
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