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A~~~ s:. P" 1 1.1
HE' T + LY NEW
VOLUME I.] WINNSBORO, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE A, 185. rmTTMnu IA
TBE T14iEELY NEWS:
DY J. B.. BAITTON.
. TE-TR-WEEKLY NEWS is pabliebed
on ysd I Thursday and Saturday, t ONE
DOfiAR per montib, in aivancq. Single
copies Cw Omau-ra.
Advertisemente inserted at.ONE DOLLAR
per square, of eight lines or lest, for the first,
andSEVENT1-FIVE cents for each subso.
quest idiertion, invariably in advance.
[Correspondenee of the 16w york News.]
The Conduct of Mr. Davis
-IN PRISON CON818TIENT WITH HI8 FORMER
LIFE-HIS DEMEANOR AND LANGUAGE
THOSM OF A CHRISTIAN AND A GEN
1LPMAN-No EXOUSE OR PRoVOOA
f'ION FOR HIS nYING PUT IN IRONS
S:HIS SAFE KEEPING DOE SNOT REQUIRE
Wdsingto, June 6, 1865.
I nieed ot tell the raders of the News
that all the ridiculousstories about Jef.
ferson Davi, thit have beent set afloat
ever since his capture, are pure fabrica
tions, without the'least foundation. They
have otaginated, and have been circit
-Ated, with the sole design-of making Mr.
Davis-appear' ridiculous; and of deprir.
ing him of the',ympathT which he other
wise would hive received. Mr. Davis
is our enemy; biit he has been captured
Indn4 is a - prisonet; -and nver before in
the history of any enlightened and Chris
tian siation. has there been an instance
whee a captive has not been treated
with kindness and gentleness, with cour
tesy, and with all that consideration
which is'due to the rank and the position
.which lie formerly held.. W. has been
rearved for this enlightened nation to.
tfea, anjllustrious captive I Clhristiati,
a g6htleman, a man of refined habits; in
a mhnter so cruel, so barbatrous,.so uln
necessarily severe; as.will leave an in
effabable stain upon our history.
'te'falsehood about Mr.' Davis har
ing been disguised in fenfale apparel is
'..)owexploded, and only 'bripgiJidicnte
-upb those who believed it. -Tiserved
its purpose, however, and probably not.
. one in a.thousand of those who.heard the
falsehood have since seenita contrado,
tion. The inhunatt treatment which
Mr Davis has riceived, however, since
hibtndaroeration in the dungeon' of For
ttesfonroe, deserves to be plaedbo
foe the world in its true ,olors. I here.
with send you the fiots asihave learnedl.
Vh conduct of Mr. Davis ever since
lie has been inAprisoned itt ..the Foxtres,
hiabefs oxactly what those wh. were
hisefarnlriasoiates in the United States
SePn4 ewould have oxpected from him.
HE9kk* that-itwa's useless for hini to
slr04logiist his(ate,..or.,to repine at
-thek iifo(ie that has befalenhim. 'He
h ab fteorei, necept.d .his thiefbrtune
in as0pielt-oftrue Ohristiant resignat40u..
H is4Aever given utteranq (W:An an
giy setoluen nor useoflauguage unbe.
cofinig in ~a-genman.4rhetnandato be
p 0t, -1ni4 who is oredloneisugh.
to ,h4qq~ -Ais Jeflerson Davis 1rail
ed '* Mifflors, or at the (1overntiiant,
tbo lie thrqw his food Athe ieadodFthe
.tediaxtf ,hit lie -knocked 4ows twOWf
Tied the. ardo hie thyslI
fwb ny n~ait 9f oOntmoan sige
'p h~e the e of
his, demanded it4 in *n'
and h ,,Ih to proper 40a0
Sbeen gtjuyalowed. Th.'
of the- -phis fitnbsisga
sge LoswIno 'etensa
was niot Modeti *khap$neoi d s
have -thought of resisting a party of men
composed of an officer, a blacksmith, and
four strong soldiers, all armed to the
teeth, with eight more soldiers at hand I
All these facts, I repest will one day be
known to the world.
And now, how much more would it
comport with the honor and dignity of
the country; how much more lustre
would it shed upon President Johnson's
Administration, if General, Miles had
been directed to take the parole of Mr.'
Davis not to escape, and then to have
allowed him the liberty of the Fortress,
and a seat at the General's table? I
presume a great many of your readers
have seen For.tres Monroe, and remem
her its internal arrangement. duarded
as the prisoner could be, even with this
liberty allowed to him,.his escape would
be literally impossible. With a guard
of sixty vigilant men, twenty on dutj
all the time, with orders not to-lot him
be out of .their sight for a moment, he
could not escape, even without his parole.
It 49 not too late to change the manner
of his imprisonment even now. It can
not be denied that, up to this time, the
indignities that have beon heaped upon
Mr. Davis and his rigorous imprisonment
have. not been owing to fears of hi' es
cipe but in order to wreak vengeance
upon him for some fancied complioitylof
his in the assassination. Even to per
mit such things is unworthy of a mind
like President Johnson's, and it may be
hopQd that lie will put a stop to them.
(From the New York TrIbune.]
-Trying and hanging for treason sim
ply those defeated in our lat coutest
we do not believe in; no't only because
we hold that nine-tenths of the - worst
and most guilty of. them' are shielded
from such trial by a fitir construction of
terms of capitulation proposed by Lienit.
GinQGeqnL. and accepteO. by.,Gq. Lee.
(for wat veteran army ever yet gave
gave up its weapons-in order to be tried
and punished for treason ?) but because
we are most anxiotij to hgstph and per.
reot the establishiient of Peaoe and
Good Will between the North and
South, between the White and Black,
hindwe painfully fel that trying and
haupng men for eirple treaon-now
thiat the Rebellion lis utterly collapsed
and erplode4-wioui4 tend to emhitter,
to exaaperate, and to render the - ex
eblel uganirnously, inflexibly .hostile
to. any concession of political rights to
their late slaves. In short, we feel that
hanging ten (or treason merely--now
th.at Peace is reltored'on the basis of
Ileunion--woujd tend to fix Four Mil
lipns of loyal Americans permanently in
a statt [of polkieel impotence and' semi
vassalage; while'We hope, by a contra
rypolicy,'to pavie the way to a partial
and ultimately thorotigh recognition of
their rights as men ane4 itizens.
oare proud of tie fact that no con
spieo1Ws Ablitionistathose dayt when
Abolt'on w*a gneAlly odien and ex.
erd is itowa1 advoawte of. hanging
forskaple truaqona;"iie, on the other
ahl; we rhise none:9f th.pr'eent
advodt. 'of hugig A$, goeh ndyw es
aly 4tious that. tho.. 1japka shall
b Onized by bur- aobstL tion* and
awh tttthiedio 0heuoneb tights of
me d. .0114th roi i"% inost ot
h Ar.6 tlbtdo' or ph idmon
, waeae M9 6i6t_ to-be
ei~hd lika Mutr M-* .iu 'seem
hs.6hance ia the'"eostu&!
,A wittWhites s'th oGalgtIoo
~f~ee 'biebi)& iJ 'a
e Mtheitaid M
penalties, fair]y incurred shall rermair
unexecuted. In the case in point, how.
ever, there are special reasonq for not
hanging, which seem to us of transcen
dont gravity, anA4 which we trust wil
Aot be overborne.
[From the Petersburg News, June 10.
The Alleged Indictmentf 0Gen. Lee.
John C. Underwood, an itineraai
schoolmaster, from a Northern State
settled many- years ago in the county
of Fairfrx,. Virginia, took charge of a
country school, and began in a modesi
way to 'correct the ignorance of this
benighted State. In the course of time
he diarried a very worthyl lady of that
county, and obtained, through her con
nections,'a large and useful acquaintance
ship in that region, which Ite improvei
financially and otherwise. His scati
ments on the subject of slavery wer(
obnoxious to the people, therefore, me
deatly concealed until an opportunity o:
their safe exposition was agorded, as he
thought, at the time of the Fremoni
campaign- we believe, when, in the inidst
of a few fishermen. ho raised a pole al
Occoquan bearitig'a flaig inscribed with
the name of the Abolition candidate for
the Presidency. This was more than his
neighbors felt like enduring, and Under,
wood was forced to leave, to avoid sharpei
castigation than he had been wont to
inflict on the rising heirs of Fairfax.
During the war he was appointed to
a judgeship-why, we cannot conceive:
probably on the ground that as thor
was nothing to be done, he could do no
harm; but the conclusion of peace leaves
him the highest judicial offcer in the
Easterii Distret of Virginia; and the first
official function.of a public nature whichi
he discharges, on the. return of peace is
td launiuh against a citizen of this State,
the latwhets 6f whose shoes lie is un.
worthy to loose, a proclamation, which,
for violence, blasphemy and unfonndod
asporseiqgE brave and chivalrous people
beggr~igaf and'dee 'eomparison,
No sooner had this charge been issued
than its object was unfolded in the
summoning of a cloud of witnesses before
the grand jury, in order to -base on-their
evidence an indictment against .Gen.
Gen. Grant could afford afford hotonly
to pardon Gen. Lee, but to exhauit the
otiquette of conventional respect in all
his intercourse with 'hiio. 'The great
Army of the Potomac could doff their
hite with'the'involuntary homage'ofthe
soldier to genius, courage- and chivalry,
as the old leader of the Army of Northern
Virginia pasesed their lines after his sur
render. The Northern visitors could
vie with the residents and natives. of
Richmond in paying him the most touch
ing marks of respect as he wended his
way: to bishome 'through the streets of
. The staliart heroes of Sherman. could
break out into r net. of insul as
theylpssed his door' in their triumphant
march. The Goiernment at Washiing.
toi, which his thought proper to arrest
qovernors and Ex-Gqvernors,. Commis.
sioner apd Oongre'smen, bureau chiefs
And bloegade'runoers, presidents. ad
preabhr. has not laid the weightf a
auger, or a tireat bn.the man to Whpm
General CGrant has given his sol4ier'
word for Iafgnard. $o, 'the foul tee4
was 1eA for the, tongenial perbrtnawce
of an iiportpd.Jtdge, who, after malign ,
inthe iate whoe .'eople gave him
bread in his . pvrty and conseqqPnb
inx his obfirmityo.eij ns these 0eopIS
to.aid Lir i" 'A- gtol1a doat hLA-ir
We are gla4 to say~ tor thq 'lboner
of the'Amenant epl all St t ha
meqqions, that-ho wor4 had been learbn
any qnrtea4f a ppthhi~n the reu
n' uAnd we grnitoten pdrate ee
aggect r if the iidgpation 1aq~eng
be a en tse
the robe navy, will be discharged upoi
taking the- oath of allegiance.
Second-Officers of the rebel army
not above the arale of captain, and a
the rebel navy not above the grade o
lieutenant, except such as have graduate
at the U. S. Military or Naval Academy
and such as held a commission in eithei
the U. 8. army or nvy at the beginninq
of the rebellion, may be di'scharged upoi
taking the oath of allegiance.
Third-When the discharges hereb,
ordered are completed, tegulations wil
be issued in respect to the discharge o
officers having higher rank than captain
in the army or lieutenant' in the navy
Fourth-The several comnanders o
prison stations will dischairge each day
as many of the prisoners hereby-author
imed to be discharged as proper rolls ea
be prepared for, beginning with those
who have been longest in prison and
from the most remote points -of th<
country, and certified rolls will be for
warded daily to the Commissary Gen
oral of, Prisoners of those discharged
The oath of allegiance only will b<
administered: but notice will be given
that all who desire will be Dermitted t<
take the oath. of amniestv after their
release inl accordance with tie regulation
of the Department of State resiiecting
. Fifth-The Quartermaster's Depart
ment will furnish Iransportation to al
released prisoners to the nearest accessibl<
point to their homes by rail of steam
By order of the President of the U
E. D. TowNSEND, Ass't A. Geni.
Tx CRoPs.-The seasons, so far,
have been fine for the growing crops
Where the aorn has been pioperly work
ed, the prospect is unusually good; but
many plantations in this section have
been over-run with grass and weeds in
consequence of the' negroes leaving and
refusing to work. We know of instan
ces where negro men, having good
homes and plenty to eat and wear, hav<
left the crop just at the time it needed
working, and come here to town and lie
about the suburbs'in idleness ; and some
of them, rather than' work on the plan.
tations, are offering to do a day's. work
in town for their dinner. Some, people
may talk as they please, *and worship the
negro to their heart's content,,but those
who have been raised with liim 4nd un.
derstand his habits and disposition, know
that, as a general thing, compulsion is
necessary to'make him work. There is
no disposition on the part of former mas
ters to oppress the isegro, but' there is a
disposition to help him along if ho will
work and be honest.
The wheat crop is light, though the
quality isaid to he -good. -
. Vegetables are abundant, and V%
prospect is gooV for' an uprecedented
yield of frait.-Charlotte Denoetat.
4XCIONSTRUCOTION IN NoRTrIe CAno.
JANA.-The new editor of the Raleigh
.Progres says that ho has had aeshort in.
trview with the lte' editor, Governor
Holdon, recently appointed by President
Johnsoy, ad that the Governor deeisres
that it is not his policy "to allow ,those
persons who have. been notoriousli dis.
l 1yil and prominent in their h9stihty 'to
the national authority to have anything
to do With. th' reorganikation of the StAte
governnoent ," thasvthe nrolmbnb.ovo
tore underthe liipits of.Preident.John
don,'alngrety proclaminc~'n""will be
con uetedl by raen of 'unquetioned' loy.
aly in e4ery county," espaoIally 'elects
ofor the, purpose. Thie is according
to the T~eeo plan 01f Addre John.
son s~ tinpolli's mrilitary gov*
e lt e oA.t ed sgasagiss reb
e4 ofhik~~i ~ e pet:Ai4, to
eiMr~~o 441 trp p h
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A the immediate reconstruction of this
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april '65 WM. JOHNSTON, Pres't.
The Greatt Literary Weekly
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THE SOUTHERN FIELD AND FIRSIDE,
take great pleasure in Informing its nune,
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