Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Nornin 48
.The family of the father of the editor
of this paper lias been deeply afflicted
within the -pest two weeks. Sad
thopghts crow.d upqn. our nkqtp9ry. A
sweet sister, just'blqomiqg into woman.
hoodi has been ruthlessly snatched away
by the haud of death. An aged and
honored grandmother has gone to. her
long home. Deeply are we afflicted.
Deafh, not satisfied with his ravages in
our immediate family, hap, too, within
the week, taken to his embrace a kind
and devoted sister-in-law. Truly has
the grim monster made %ad work ineour
fauiies, stripping them of their :nost
loved ornamentw. They have gone.
May the engels of Heaven have wafted
their spirits to the - JUDGE of all hearts,
and Hr, in His MEacY, given them a
place upon. is right hand, there for
ever to be at rest, and to enjoy the con
soling thought that their life upon this
earth was well spent.
With this morning we commence the
run of special messengers to the Cataw
ba river and back, .on the C. & S. C.
railroad, tri-weekly, by which we are
- enabled to furnish our paper to those de
airing it, on the day of its publication in
Those of our friends living north of
- Winnsboro, who may desire the paper
sent them, will please send in their or.
Aers. We can, by the arrangement we
have entered into, deliver our paper.
punctually to those who may order it.
Mr. HENar MErzE, of PHILLIPS'
Express Line, will please accept our
thanks for late Columbia papers.
By the attention of tiose gentlemen,
Messes. PIILLPS and MzErEE, we are
eunabled to forward our , mails, both
ways, very soon after the publitation of
our paper in Winnsboro, Iand to procure
late exohantges by which we can gather
the latest and most important informn
The notice oft,ravellers is callqd to the
advertisement, in another cqlptn, of a
tri-weekly express line from Orangeburg
A, note from the proprietors at Co.
lunibia:, informs us that in a few days
they "will dstablish a line from the ter
minus on C. & . 0. railroad to con.
1e1t with the cars on each road, so that
it'will only take forty-eight hours to
travel from 0harlotte, N. C., to Charles
top, SC0." Proper notice of this latter
line will be given to the public wheh
thoroig'h arr'ngements have been con.
pleted so as to avoid delays in traveL
*On a trip on '.uesday mioning last to
Adger's, the.,terminusaof the Charlotte
& Soniith Carolina railroad, we took jiar
ticular pains to nioticelhe oorn.crop. and
*iake inquirie3 in~ tegmyd t9 the wgtk, on
'We found the oots crop lookcing Ane
ly, amid should judge, ftom that wiseen
along the small .psee we travelled,.that
therg- will be a full cropytatherede 'We
;M#y' M3Yergeon 6nraIoeking hetter.
In conversalon with:Mr. Axzswoi,
the gentlemaj 73dperiutendent of the
.AS 0 0. gilroad, we lesmNt~~ theh
cars will be' renningt to en wn in the
eatie of three of ut week.~ 1he
' greatd olipy th4 has presented itself
an ptghjn forard e o.dto 'cotajIie
tion, ws esespohyo . ThM
- roar of theoa
r.I Awps at i'thath*
had pso h
Catawba 'e wzqof
th9 rq to
tenerallP .~ R
:ortr to. enquire Pum,
(tw6) are driven by attentive an lver
young gentlemen, Mr. Aytw. P1i.LJPS i
and Mr. HENRY MEETZE, an'd those en
paging pvsage. with thew, .way be.snre
of proper attention*.
(Fromthe Columois Phomix.]
Publioiloeting in Abbeville.
Pursuant to notice, a mass meeting of I
the citizens of Abbeville District, South
Carolina, mostly farmers, was held on
Wednesday, Junes 21, 1805, in the
Court House, to consider their present
political condition, and to further.the es- t
tablishmeat of civil government int the
On motion of Mr. R. A. Fair, Hon.
D. F. Wardlaw was called to the ohuir,
and James C. Calhoun appointed Sec.
The Chairman having explained the
object of the meeting, on motion of the
lon. A. Burt, it was resolved that a
committee of fifteen be appointed by the ;
chair to prepare business for the meet
ing : Whereupon the following gentle
lien were appointed as said committee,
viz : Messrs. - Armstead Burt, Thos. 0.
Perrin, Thos. Thomson, J. Augustus
Black, Robert A. Fair, Jas. MoCaslan,
S..H. Bradley, James Gillam, -H. L.
Jebra, M. C. Taggart, Vm. T. Dren.
nan, John H..Marshall, T. B. Milford, 1
James A. Norwood and Rev. J N.
Young, who reported through their
Chairman the following memorial, which
was unanimously adopted, vis :
To His 8vocwy Andrew Johison, t
Pceaidat ofthe ansed Btes& :
The memorial of the citizens of Abbe- 4
ville District, South Carolina, assembled c
in mass meeting, respectfully sheweth - c
That South Carolina has laid 'down her a
arms ; hostilities lave ceased in her
borders ; yet her people enjoy neither c
the blessings 6f peace, nor the protee. I
tion of law. We have not and know t
not any yersons in this State -who have I
the purpose or the inclination to renew I
the contest in any form. The speedy
and complete restoration of our relativs I
to the Constitution of the United Sta I
and the-Union. and the peace. and se- I
curity which they guarantee to the citi. I
zen, are our unfeigned desire and the I
great want of our whole country. In 4
view of these desirable ends, we pledg
in good fhith, ready and unreserved sub
mission and obedience t4 all lawful au
The state of our exhausted means
and resources requires the fostering vare
of law and order. Parts of our State
are tnder th inconvenient restraints of I
military authority, whilst large sections,'
including that in which we live, are
without any form of government. All I
civil 'fulo and rulers are suspended and.
men are sibject to yo other restinsts
than those which habit or their own c
sense of propriety imposes. All oxpe- I
rience' attests that thes6 voliTntary re- t
straints are i iequate to repress the ra- c
pacious and other vicious passions of I
men. Orinid, .otrage' an4 wreng are a
perpetrated with impunity :upon the I
peaceable and helpless. Ourcoiununity
depends upon irr'egular arid 4roingtary I
organisb~ions for the~ protection, of p.gr
sons'and prope~rty, attd a sense of in'son
gity. depressesl the snery and -disturb, i
Th reoe of ou tho pe
ciese of the state Chas eusro,sly
avid wie fear, disastrously infp ]
inbotsvenient vtiitafy regulations,. 'Tha
wtheleibody of abou'Wa h~ been 44embre
*lid'if e refidoi of the 4odies.~
oustomed, and the '&lre sto ubtitase
any othier dici no or erumid ger I
the*3 ' bod ~ n ahl yo- 4
men h" a Iandon 'i
4edethte rA aisss
pro 'ete'baes e e
p .of' V~u
ora dit T ;Ltt
S ry" es 'iq in in
eA roevp all
aw to be planted; aud even 'V t o
upply of the mPio necessaries of life is,
lot only meagre every where, but in
ine Dtricte wholly ethasted. This
ectiott -is Without tiul*illkes, adts
eunimutcatiois by railroad have been
ekolly interrupted and-are notlikely to
>e soon restored.
The evils are greatly aggravated by
4W total absence of-any circulating. me.
lium. Gold and silver are possessed
oy but few, and by these few in small
inas. The stook of ootton on- hand will
upply but little, if any, 'moe inoney
han will be necessary to pay taxes, -and
we bear that-a large number of -farms
nust ineviOably be sold for that purpose.
rhe growing crop of cotton can add but
ittle, it is believed not one-fourth of a
nillion of bales, to the existing stock,
which probably does not amount - to one
Ad a half millions of balo.
Amtongst the greatest -disasters whioh
he wise and prudent amongst us behold
n the immediate future of our unhappy
ountrv, is a conflict between the whie
nd the black races..which there is much
n thsit sundered relations to incit4 and
nd in many parts of our State no pow.
Ir of civl or military government to re
iress. This danger is fearfully augment.
d, in its imminency and in its horrbrs,
>y the superior iumerical strength of the
lacks over the-whites, and by the fact
hat the latter are generally being die
Irmed of all 'offensive weapons,. whilst
nany of the former are in the possession
f fire arms and are expert in the -e of
These political, social and industrial
vils havq greatly 'paralysed the me.
hanical and agricultural industry' of our
ountry and sadly depressed the Spirit
nd energies of our-people.
In tender consideration whereof we
rave the prompt aid of the Government,
'y remedial and preventive measures, to
itigaswe the evils that disturb us at the
mresent, and to avert the calamities
which menace us in the future,
We pray that our liegislature may
le allowed tu hold its usual session,
Ad that it may have wisdom to devise
nensureasuitable -t. te necessities of
he State; that a o'nvention of the peo.
>le may be assembled; that the Congress
f the United States may exhibit the
gnanimity and statesmanship which
he difcult posture of affaire required ;
hat the President of the United States
Day so exercise the high powers entrust
4 to him by the Constitutiori anhthe
Jaws, as to acquire for himself imperish
ble renown, and for his bhtntry the
ileangs of peace, harmony and univer.
al prosperity ; that Court, Federal. and
Itate, may again exert their beneficent
tower ampngst us,' crimes be restrained,
ontracts enforced, controversies paoea.
jy settled Land opportunity given for
asy access to judicial authority ;-that
ostal ficilitles may be again. afforded
o us; that out public office may be-e
pened, and our private avocationi safe.
y and profitably resumed ; aid that. in
Il respects, our Stat. Sovernment may
esaume its fNnctions, and the relations
fout peopleand State to the Oassitn
on and Union be speedily rsestablish
We reentnnen~to -out fellote-eitizens
n other part 4f efatbe eery M.*
maltion of shelevIhwei f -thte eubject Of
ur deliberatehis 'edoehe that athis
nbmorial be vespetObAzy laid before ithe
'resident pf the United tateg; *tnd t
pve greater e td $~ Voice bf'tlie
ite, a isomr~~e bfiary
~etings, y st~hmit a dep titon
icitisenush p tied,n V 4tf~f
he Preuident ' #on 4f ~t h~i
ate as onMef hinis d ew feg
tifd the hl ui uwudh th14t4 l
au~ we etv ~beete harlbelgre
tm ; #nd fbiesheiMa14 b~
ithier meesi t hrwh
ro heit' u
he w ewe have just
passDi h ded so gloti
ously as it Was inii,
the blood and treasure of our people, y
ha left us a legaoy of gigantio propor. i
tions, whig) .bda fair to exhauat the t
qtatesmanShip of the nation to proprly F
aiit. -What, is to b le e i'fte this .4
nor complication no one can foresee, x
while it bebooves every one to give tho
matter. their candid and. coescientions s
consideration, before it becomes involved
in the makes of political tnanagemeuL
That it is destined to become a g'eat
political question, the signs of the time<
very plainly indicate, and it is wisdom
to-be prepared by careful thought and t
investigation to meet the inevitable
issue. The loosening of the hands of
three or four tnillion of slaves, reared in
ignorance and taught to rely upon others I
for the ver bread that sustain. their lives, c
is a work of such imposing magnitude as C
to appil the, inoft astute minds in the 1
uontemplatioi of their future status and a
wellibeing. We already see the begin. <
ring, of the evils that are to flow from it I
before these poeple can experience any I
of the, benefits of the freedom thus
hastily conferred upon them. The
suddon transition of an ignorant and i
degraded rade from a lifetime in slavery I
toa perfect frqedom, is like the sudden
removal of a man from a lifelong cell of
darkness to the glaring rays of sunlight.. i
The very act of kindIness may prove his i
greatest curse, and entail upon him and
his progeny a life of, misery, in compar. <
ison with which the worst form of slavery
would be a blessing. it is, not only ne- <
cessary that we should do good to overy <
ne of the human race, -but we- should I
see to it that our good does not result in <
evil to thosp we would - aid. Every ac- I
count. we receive from the South rep.
resents she negroes to be in a very I
demoralised condition. They do not i
know what to do if they were ever so i
much inclined to help themselves, and <
they have -no inclination to help them. i
selves even when instructed how to do I
it. In this part of the- country they
have alwnys been regarded, as naturally I
laxy and generally inclined to steal, and t
the accounts from the South represent a
them as bping the same there. I
The numerous stories of rapes, murdes 4
and thefts committed by them that we <
are constantly receiving, show conclu. I
swely that they are not in .,a moral a
condition to tule themselves, and hence
the necessity of keeping themn under con- i
trol until they reach aperiod whenthey<
will be able to sustain themselves,.and I
prove that they are capable of self. i
Iovernmeit. The greatest trouble to
be apprehended is with corrupt poli. I
ticians,. who ihink they see in the negro
racean element of power# and. hence i
they care little how they are supported, I
nr what means are provided to make 1
them selfgqliant, if they nn only be
galvapised i'ato leggl votr at oncf 4. 1
that those p~liticuans may ride into I
power bf votes. These nbn woul' J
drag deaid bles' from their- graves if I
tisiy could only obtain thAIr votes, and )
hence the., noessity of keeping the I
rtegroes. out' of lities at least for the i
present, and until thov -can be 'educted I
to a .degree p1 halt elvihization. They1
rided ti bejtatght' gelieral iditas about.
th'ejlghts' of -property, and the nature
amg4hei1uns of prime, and their dqty,
to others, so thathAy niay beo ea
lawalvisg asnd a ltv-abud'ing peeple
sithout Moorst6 the lash, and until tuis
YuiUdonetpey r ousand~l to'the-'gev.
Anpther evid toguasta inst is the eaq
1oCthe' fancs wijo e~a W s~Vheir
,4eil friends, is mak1~ lb6 i ebt
d #rbeag, ~l
I ths othat
thelp dut ef
,tif 6 1'
The, , YW.
Nbh * d 'ax Bill is asub
intobt to us all, and one
m4s our citizens hWve
syv 1 cih gsof informing thes
elves; hence we publish some of it#
most important provisiions that .peo le
ay know what they wi bte tp,.
nd what they, willinot have to y hat
Iiy anay bciedner-'be" ofedeby
aTeese be Palda 4611,'y
nnual 4ains, pronte, and incemeqf every
erson residing in the United ,tates,
hether derived from any kind of%t
y, rents, iuterests, dividends or es,
!from any profession, p;de, -
menteor vocation; carrielon ir the Uni
od: States, or elsowhore, t T(bm aiy
ether source whatever, a duty. -of 4ve
er ientim on the.etcess over six hun
red dollars, and not' exceeding 've
housand dollars, and -a duty often per
entum onthe exces over'fve thousand
1ollars." "And the duty herein ro
rided for, shall .be assegeod,. O d,
nd paid upop theigains, profits and in.
omo for the year ending th'o 21st of
)ecember, next proceeding the lie fbr
evying, collecting and paying said
This is the most important clause of
he law ; the one of general application
or the execution of'which it is provided,
,That it shelf be the duty of all persons
>f lawful age to make and render a list
n such manner as may be prescribed by
he Commissioner of Internal Revenue,
,f the amount, of their income, gains
>r protfis as aforesaid," under oath.
No farmer, ianufacttrer, moohanic
op any person will pay any tax -at all,
in his income, unlesg it amounts to si1
iqndred dollars, after deducting the no
essary expenses for carrying on his
musiness. In addition to thes h- is al.
od to deduct his ihouse rent and all
axes he pays to the general (overntnont,.
o the State, Oounty and to*n froma his
ecestary expenses, and lie pays no it.
ome tax at all, unless his inmcini amoubits
o more than six hundred dollars af4r
beo deductions are made.
In the event that a man Is unable to
>ay his taxes, and his property has to be
aken by tife government, agebts and.
old for that purpose, tho law reserves.
o him the followin; articles "Tho tools
or implements of his trade or profession.
mne cow, arms ad provisions. householid
irniture kept for use, school books and
qparel nec siary for a family."
In additioi to this there are raany
pecified taxes, only a few of which ayo,
f general interest enough to our eksis
o be notied in a short artic1li1ki
Merchants who sell over twety-.te
honsand dollars pa fifty dollars: tagwW
oe who !ell over one- th.uand and
Inder twenty-fiv, pay teii dollatim',
andthosselling under one tho "san .
The tax on liquors ay be - amened
ap as follows - )htllers making over
hre huindrdd barrels> pay a licese o
lit7 dollars ; "making less that lsles
iundre pay twentyAe dellaes ;kb.
aking less. than on. bundred . N gSII
oarf:ql oapplc or oah brea,
w elve- dollars iid t et.l
iQ1 tothis'a tar oif two dollapsV J%'e
se haid on ev'ery pallou of whiskey had
isgxofh dollar andfiAy coeses elseed
aon of brandy, and' e py re~tar
1 ignor, must pay tw'entyv'e
La~uyers, physiciau.nsd &0 itst
y tan 4ollars .tay eache
n Linn9fosper cd 0.
nmfunl tobrt oy
1 IeMM foty heat a
y t t'e