Newspaper Page Text
*ith this morning w'e commence the
run of special messengers to the Cataw
ba river and back, on the C. & S. C.
raitroad, tri-weekly,, by which 'we dre
eniabl.ed te furnish our paper to those de
siring it,-on the day of its publication in
Those of our friends living north of
Winnsboro, who. may desire the paper
sent them, will please send in their or.
ders. Ve cart, by the arrangement we
have entered into, deliver our paper
punctually to those who may order iA.
We are indebted to Mr. ROBERT
WaIT, for the use of the Charleston
coburier of the 7th inst..
Col Jos. AiKEuN will please accept
our thanks *for copies of the Charleston
Courier of-the 6th and 12th inst.
. Notice the good things advertised in
to-days papet by Mr. 'L. W. DUVALL,
at No. 3, Bank Range. Housekeepers
would do well to httend1.
See advertisement of Mr. I. WIrrTE,
of a new arrival of fresh 'goods, &c., for
sale at tfie store of Mr. D. B. Mc.
SLo I the Poor" Freedmen.
A Macon exchange says : "We are
informed by a. physician that there is
great snffering among the negroes- that
have congregated around the city.
Many are dying, and m6e ere confined
by sickness. They are destitute of all
comforts, not being able to procure
medical aid, nor even the absolute ne.
qssaries of life. 'Numbers are crowded
into small rooms, which renders recovery
very improbabk.. It is stated that in
two small rooms there are fifty of these
miserable wretches crowded. This, ex.
cesiive hot weather.ii bringing disease
of ever, character among them. Unless
theie are steps taken soon to relieve
them, they w.ill die by scores. Little
sympathy is felt for these poor creatures,
for they are mostly from the county ;
and had they acted wisely, they would
have stayed with their masters, until
provision, wa made fbr them. The
government has no' means of helping
them at present."
Sentence of the Conspirators.
'Northern papers announce that on
tje.5th of July the President made pub.
lie his approval of the findings and-sen
tences of the Military Court which wias
convened for the trial of the assassina.
tion conspirators. The sentence as ap
proved is as follows :
"Payne, the would be assassin of Stc.
retary Seward, to be hung ; Harold, the
accomplice, and companion of Booth, to
be hung ; Atzeroth, who attempted the
lif'e of the Vice President, to be hug ;.
* O'Laughlin, ome of ~Booth's accomplices,
to be conused in ths Penitentiary for
life at hard 'labor ; Dr. Mudd, accony.
plice of Booth and Harold in their at;
*' temnp(ed esca8pe, to be conifined in thme
Penitentiary, for life; Spangler, also an
accomplice in Booth's escape, to be i
plisdned"for six geoars 'at har'd labor ;
- Mrs. Surratt, conyicted' of using her
house as a rendevous for the conspira.
tfors and assisting in, Booth's escape, to
- be h n ..
*The" reader of evrery class, says the
OQfumbi agijs, will do well to note
the fbllowjng important decision, copied
-froan the Richmopid Whig, of May'26.
rThe~ prmnoiple laid downwill, as a matter
1i of coure, regulate all . the relations of
* debtor and creditor, .ts well as those of
'landlord or ten ant :
Th Cu yesterday tielivered, its
writen olafo relation t etat
nreito . yveen landlord end ten.
Ptheobasis of Oonfedermte money.
Retitde p~Ilr fo 4pril 1865~ and
not' ld, is to be ~si .n Feder'al cur
spraaat&a ant rnt
* bsrotgl time th e
Ap 1 80& ipm'te for
- term is foi- 4delling home, fi *
i.e~s in 181. an'd fo of or-e and
FP business ondditio off
6Win inet Giles. This ese
was dide, so far as concerns the rent,
in accor4aioe with the prindiplo abote
aiinounced. The rent in 1860, as a
dwelling house, was $300. If used and
rented then for' a place of public busi.
n10s, as a portion of it now is, the reit
would have-probablv been $400. Add
to this latter fifty per cent., and the rent
is ascertained which the tenant shall
Benjamin F. Perry. Esq.. the Provi.
sional Governor of South Carolina..,
President JOHNsoN, on the 1stof July,
appointed B. F. PERRY, Esq., of Green
ville, Provisional Governor of South
Carolina. When the South Carolina
delegation waited upon the President to
suggest candidates for the important po.
sition, the name of Mr. PEnaY was sug.
gested, when the President remarked,
"I know Mr. PERRY very well." The
public are not probably so well acquaint.
ed with the career of the gentleman, and
we give the following facts regaiding
him, condensed from a sketch written
by .Mr. JoHN LIVINGSTON, which we
take from "Eminent Armericans:"
Governor Perry was born in Pickens
District, South' Carplinn, November 20,
1805. He is descended from the saine
Massachusetts fahnily which produced
Olivl!r fl. Perry. His father, Benjamin
Perry, fought in the army of the Revo.
lution; After the close of the war he
removed to Charleston, where he mar
ried a Miss Ann Foster, daughter of
Lieutenant John Foster, of the Revoli.
tionary army, and became i planter.
The son of this marriage, Benjamin F.
Perry, spent his youth in the district in I
which he was born. He attended
school in the same vicinity until seven
teen years of age. ITn 1824 he entered
the law office of Judge Earle. but finish
ed his law studies' in the 9flice of Colo.
pol G'regg, of Colbimhia, and was ad
mitted to the bar iii 1827.
During the memorable nullification
contest of 1832, Mr. Perry.edited a news.
paper published in Greenville, opposing
the nullification doctrines qf Ualhoun
with much ability and great persistence.
Among other interesting arguments
which ho was forced to deliver was a
bullet. in the fieart ofta nullification
editor who had challenged him, and with
whom the mistaken principles of chival.
ry compelled Pe;'y to fight.a duel. HeI
was a delegate to the Union Conven.
tiori. which assembled at Columbia in
August, 1832. In 1834 lie was defeat.
ed by a majo.rity of sixty votes only as
the Union candidate.lbr Congress from
the Anderson, Pickens and Greenville
Distriota. ..For the two years following
thia defeat he devoted himself to the law.
In 1836 lie was elected to the State
Legislature without opposition, and in
1838 was again returned; While hol}.
mng this office the second time he became
prominent with Memminge, lately
rebel Secretary of the Treasury, in cIs.
Irg up the connection between the State
and the banks. which had existed. In t
1844 he was el'cted to'the State Senate.
Hle was ihe only member of that body
who voted. agiist the expulsion from
the State of Mr. Hoar, the. Massacbu
setts State agent. It is noteworthy that
afemminger' was the only memb'er of
the Lower' House who voted against
the same resolution.'
In 1850, when the disunion feeling'
again rose bigh, Mr. Perry established
a Uinion paper at'Greenville, and perse.
vered in its publication,. though at great
personal risk. A speech which he made
mn the0 'tegislature was widely published
throughout the' Noi'h sud Sfputh, aid
was hailed as the first ray of light from
benighted South Carolina. Mr. Perry's
speech anda President Jackso is's action
had-a ivonderful ef'ect in 'kilhi g off so
cession in South Caroliraandvhen in
1851 an election was beld, f .a State
convention to dissolve : the Union, no
body but thp Union moen ,yoted, and the
State did notcde.*
,The career of Mr.. Pery slince Maia pe.
rnod we are not famniliar with. Hle has,
alwaya maiintained his pogition in oppo.
iftion to th i fecsin. In:1860
he la~uge' ide# of 'douth Oserolk
na swedbig * tIige, and ekiesed
the opinion that lie should hlive *oee
the Stateo"qpfthe smoet there go
ing ,17 ion Statqqpf fhe republio.. On
th ijto : fshe. conventiop ~qigh.
ou t~(~~wjtold tihat o
ry the 6th~)
tu ball yet ',lte As
too~ er.. He *rth believe, the tj~
. hnd thht, as Veiery atid the
it is welitha i is ajQ ho
a tat should perishb it re
* i Vlted States DirectTaxi
Inrieply tq the nmany enquiries doily
nade of us as to 'the character &. of
,he U. Q: tax, we :copy the following
rom the Charleston *Courier. Frora an
)ther source we learn that this iax, if
aid within the sixty days from the
iine of notice, is eight dollars on. -the
Jhousad. dollars of. -valuation. We
'resume that real estate in this State
vill be taxed according to its real value
tnd not at the arbitrary valie hereto
'ore fixed by the State for the purposes
)f taxation ; but, on this point, we are
iot confident :
The United States tax now being col,
ected by the commissioners in Charles.
,en is levied by an Act of Congress, ap.
)roved August 5, 1861, and is part of a
tax for th6 year 1861 upon the etire
reai estate of the nation. The quota of
the States then in rebellion not having
been paid, an Act was'passed in Juno-.
ipproved the 7th-1862, extending the
provisions of the- tax law 'to "insnrrec
tionary districts." - It is under this lat
ter Act, as atnended February 6, 1863,
md March 3, 1865. that, the commis
iioners are now proceeding.
By it.s provisions, as soon as the na.
tional military authority is establishud
>ver any political sub-division of a
Stato, the lav is to go into effect. The
>ommissioners are directed to assess a
ie pr9portion of the tax upon each
piece of real estate, whether in town or
>ountry, open an office, 'and give notice
,hat the tax is payable and they are pre.
pared to receive it. The assessinent is
-o be based on tl latt valuation' made
by the State prior to January -1,- 1861,
yr in- default' of that, upon. such oth
-r valuation as the coniniissionere may
Lie best able to ascertain. The
ax is to be received sixty days from the
ziving of the notice, withoit interest;
ifter that period, interest attaches at the
-ate of ten' per cont. per year from the
irst day of Jnly, 1862.
Each' tax payer is to appear at the
>rlice of t.he commissioners in person, or,
n case lie "annot so appear, then by his.
ittorney either in fact or legally appoint
Ad, atid the'attorney must show that
Lh person whose tax he npplies to pY
Aither has not engaged in thie rebellion
voluntarily, or .has taken the oath of al
egiance to the United States.
On the expiration of the six' days,
ill property on which the tax is unpaid
S considered forfeited to the United
States, and Lte commissioners may sell
;he same by giving thirty day's notice.
But the tax may be paid at any time be
'ore the day appointed for sale, by pay.
ng the interest accruing as above-stated,
nd in addition,. a penalty eqUal to one.
alf the tax, which attaches as soon rs
he property is AdVertised for sale. -
.The interest ift Charleston became
Jharge'ale agei the 6th init. The pefi
ilty will not 4o- begome,'trobably, 'till
qovember nON beforb whieltime it is
bough't, no .adverthinont 'of tax sales
vill be ninde.
After the' ali,'sixty days is allowed
ort redemptioriopi 'payment of puraluase
nioney, wvith' interest, at 'the rate of.-'15
ser cent. por'7est from time of sale.
Ady person' caft :redeemi within'.-this
irae. Aftr ist, fordonsg'paving loy
mity may rdeem at any- timrwithins
,eriod of from one to two years; .VirY
ng in length according" to 'thei' clJass,
vhethier as persons beyond seas,. minor.,
~to., and according to thediscretion .o
,he tax commissuionere. An apajs
ia made from. tha, decisio.oftjhe tax
~ommissioners to -the tiedSap
Tihe eertificates of ,salg ,hiowevpr, is.
med b~y the commissionere, .a-e af.
'oted in only one of titrwow1ys; leit,
by showing nprwsege~able~ 2d,
by showing pa*d ta r e
:empton of pre r ,
Abecomis ne!? ar senpowered to
biajn~ under oprtain regilations, pto.
pertyfor the T~Link fhths at the tax
males.' Thle J4perg eg bjd in jmay a'f,
berwlrds be resol4 an gaan'lities not to
iut 320 acrosi 4 de nopralvser.
At iese . asc ' 4).
Mly erved iin.b& rfly,:n11faar ma w
rinu4 &rpseof ther tmuitd Statdo10not
epthan thr~ . oighs, ier ''enttled to
a ypy aiM e prhase
e crt h e h
niitad) $1u osedbut by ah the srggr,
for t a e of 'the 'A frida
rac " ben sld- lo
sa*11 114At; x it twenti
a iore e 10 te , and at the
nomina~ ice 9f oue 'dollw anl a half an
[From the Charl9tte Democrat.],
A Diftonity in the way of Office Rold
A new difficulty has been discovered in
the way of Southern men holding offico
tinder the U. S. - Government. The
Raleigh Progress calls attention to the
matter and shows that whi)e the follow.
ing Act'of Congress is in force' no con
scientious man who lived in the South
during'thq -war can qualify as a Federal
office holder :
be it -enacted, &cf, That hereafter
persons selected or.appointed to any of.
fice of honor or profit under the Govern
mont of the United States, either in the
civil, military.or naval Departnmonts of
the.public service, excepting the Presi
dent of the U. S., shall, before entering
upon the duties of such offlees and before
Eeing entitled to the salary or oher
emolitments thereof, Lake and subscribe
the following oath or affirmation,:'
1, --, do oleninly swear (or afllrn)
that I have never voluntarily borne
arnis'against the U. States since I have
been a citizen thereof ; that I have 'vol.
untarily given no aid; countenanee,
counsel or encouragement of persons en
gaged ,in arinmd hostilit.y, thereto; t.hat
I hjave neither sought nor acdepted nor
attempted to-execise. the functibnq of
any otlieu whatever, inder any autheri
ty,.or pretended anth->rity, in hostility
to the United Sttes ;- that. I have not
yielded a volmwtary support to aiy pre,
tenILed Government, anithority, power
or censtitution wit im rhe UniteiStat'es,
hostile or inimical thereto. And I'do.
further swear (or affirm) that '.o Lhi bpst
mt owledge and ability^I will sap..
port and deenfd -lie Constitution of tld
Unitud States ngainst all eneinies, foi-eign
and domestic:r that I .will bear ti-ne faitha
and allegiice tQ the siame ; - that I. will
take this obligation freely, without tiny
mental reservation or purpose ofovasionm.
So help me God.'
And any person who shall falsely
take the said . oath shall he guilty of
pejury, asyI on conviction. in addition
to the other peunnties now' prpscribed
for that offlence, shajl be deprived of
his office, and rendered incapable forever
after of holding any offio'or place under
the United States.
Approved July 2,. 1862.
We. do not see how' any man (Iwhmo
hved within the Cunfederate lines at
least) can subseribe to the first clause or
Rentea3 of the- oath. Th'e ProgreAs
says that R. P. Dick (a unan who. hp,
always been- for lte Unloh) and who
was recently appointed U. S. District
J;udge- in this State, "will not (ialify o1i
account of the reqtiirementi of the above
Act, and that if he' be forced to takthe
oaths of- office with thitinexistence and
force, lie will decline the.appoiftnent
tendered hire.' - - -
*We liepe sone arrAngem'ent, vill -be
made to-tat Mr. Dick cai'accept the of
fle",for we believ'he will 'makejust
and upright Juie *' '
The' -h'e rekse I lle fo0 the 'epeal of
of the Act nd reiairk.,
- "W~e think that we ertE us loyal to the
goverguveit'of the IU. 8: Wi *ny maa in
-Nortli Curalina, 'that~ie'aroes sgood a
;Unionma'n ag.the best,'ad yet we woul8
no~t take the nuove patW :tb hold1 aniy of.
flc'eih the. gift~f the Preeglant, ;.ad for'
the siple-reuson thAt'e could pot sali'
it wih hut'Iiemluf "Tur do 'webelieve
'that'their4 is.aniau irt o~,E s6t
with sotilaienta pysnttnoo6. t* t e
probable th~t..he will bd dptIle gi~~~
position,-that can." -e
.A Washington' corepondent-.oftih(e
N. Y...Tril une, speaking 'of the, effect of
tigAct, sayS;' ",
'IThis act plays ' havao . amlong -the
Southerrn'aspirants -for-edice fnader the,
gtvoimment, It. will :.btlaes''e a bar
to. nanmy gopd mne specialy jn Nerth'
Carolmna, where~fie tesjtr hernment'
dluring. the fhst tliree'ye~s of they rebelv
liong,~1ae in the hansds~of the anti-secee
sidnsa. Thme efiadt rthea discoveilyof
this teet oath, Wimh t seurmlted
leguuis o ofdthree s t~~u ru'as
po4~l a' ':r~.da wy~
of Governomr'$d w
fe' wbioly theEr Moo0 1bnd d e
self 'e t
Caroliar. haa' 4 e . ~
of lthyiig ji -raf ar o iiisal .
' hh Cbnfederioy. If the
tebus an'.' o saved, where sball
h6 Ug rebet nd original secbs
Sidists appir ? .It is to' be regretted
that such Mien are excluded from -omeo
under the General Government at such
a time, but there is no help for itAhile
the law r'einains on the statute hoprr.
The Ap00niment of Governor POtMP
-of Sonth Ca8dl1i1a.
The interest in South Carolina: affiirs
began to jan'guish a week ago, bt here
was still a considerable am6unt of latent
feeling on tile stigect, daveloobj frpmt
day to day by the varions rui4ryut
afloat by the friends of conflictingpolicies.
Dr. A. 0, Mackey was geoerally. accept
ed as the real representative of the gn.
i-no Uiidn inen of the State, and, he
was also understodd to be opposed to
,he'appuintinent of either of the persons ,
named by the delegation as certain to. be
acceptable -to the people .at large..T
members of the delegation were op'en to
the charge of having been active seces
sionists throughout .the w'r. The Cabi
net was' helieved to be nearly evenly
divided in opinion'on tho propriety, of
making any ..appoitntt at. presut.
Many. inflitl lasons we're urging
upon: the President and Cabineo, thitt
inas much as South Carolitna hNd been
foremost and ateadfraE in her, adherence
to the colederacy, retribuitive justide
demandod that dhe be corpelld to
enidure a probationaryperiod of milita-y
govermnent before the reins of civil an
I hority were citristed to her -citizens.
To add to the complications. stories
were itidustriously circulated thial. wide
spread secret organization existed among
tle whito inalihitiumts to compel a'll
negroes to leave thei Stete. This and
similar. absurdities were retailed around
hotel lobtbios and stroet cornorsi, and
served the niischicvous ptrpose of their
origiuators by inciting outside pressure
against the appoiiment ofra ivil gov
ernor. laippily' wiser counsels re
vailed, and on Saturday the President
d., Lermined to end all ieiss' ulion by the
appointment-of Mr. Perry, it gentleman
ofi acknowlelged ability. Further Cabi
net disoussiona could have begn produc
tive of no good. Differences of opinion
were honestly entertained among its
memberp, and the responsibiliLy of ation
would have fin'ally devolved upon Mr.
Johnson. By -the appointment of Mr
Perry, ho has unoisttkoably manifested
his determination to adhere to his origi.
inl, policy of reconstruction, and to su.
pers'edo. Inilitry by civil' nuthority
throughout the entire country. Those
entertaining the strongest . convictions
against- the wisd6i) of the President's
policy, accord him undoubted honesty
of intention, and Acquiesce cheerfully in
his -redolve to make the trial of govern
ing-the rebellious S.t es by civil law;
[. Y .tHerald. .
Thie NEro Vote,
Druid. the corespondeilt of the Now *
Yorks .World, says of Prosident, John
ot' intqntions upon this point:
I can assure your readers that, he lisa'
fio idea of permittilig the future political
And. social status of Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi, or any other Southern State,
tobe, determined by n, lot of calculatiieg,.
speediatiiig, anid maeddlesonio the'orist*
fi: Masgehusettp 'and Connecticu..
Mr. ohdsn iswollgrouinded ini terkio
oratfoe~pnnciples.s , H'e will see to i4 tbak
no traitor or disoyal persro. be aIlorved
tq vote in any State. He will see~tyat
'work andd .geg are provided for the .ne
groet. sut- ee ievsn thnjtl oardinal
slochita~ af h derjodvioparty, ,thqu e
} rgh6underi .the genIe
Sto isoh 'interhbal
?4#y, a:E lihe iisee
to ithe~it each' 91teof othe So4thern
State.is scured in ihai'riqht.
I have these fgets from high autho
an4 your v|eidiers nayay clep'ed heii
correctmess. If' the 'legal '. *ny
Siuthern State djoide Nigroes
vote,- thpre will be position on the
pars of Presid 4 , son, But ho will
sariCtion 3no ltiated by p0r
sons frosi r ng a4 States'or
other 1efiter whioa will deprive.
a~i~ ite mn in e Soc.8uth of a
he A mayt&or,wy le1,,ili force
iy8out149or State a constittution,
ant to theo WiiJhs, f a anajort,y
a tal vdt Tn' plain words
tlent Johnsuo 'hliered thit in giv.
ingt the ,,,uljil~tIeir free~lom thims.
ti ~ii~.7rahow orthe
*~4 ef' theyr racb.
97i ghfafo gaap.
seygoer eiup . of
if1 ow. any lv
n o that thu edsr yr