Newspaper Page Text
6ome "ingenious iunu0 Y
it upon himself to a the . e bills
of the denomiliaioqof Five ients, as is
sued, by Meshrs. ELLIOTT & Co. The
figuro 5, in 'left hand corner of bill, has
n altered, by the addition of an 0,
thereby zpaking the figure read -50,
while print rods "five ents." Parties
are cautioned' against receiving these
bills,as Messrs..ELLIOTT & CO. have
called them in and will cancel them.
There o ,bills of t'e denominqtion
of Fi i s now issued by Messrs.
Tit a be very easily detected
by reau. , and upon a close examnina
tion of the alteration it will be found
that it is not done with printere ink, but
with wraing fluid.
We hope the, person or persons who
did this villanidus piece of work ill be
caught auid carried before our militarylau.
thorities and severely punished. They
Our exchanges say tiat the great fire
in New York destroyed over half a mil.
- lion dollars wolth of p-operty, among
w)h is enumerated the -office of the
Newi York MIerald, *hich was enirely
The Petersburg R 'xjrese of the 15th
instant, informs us that sall pot hasap.
. poared in'that city.
Messrs. Er.LrTT & 00. have author,
sed us to a~y that they hav called in all
of their change bills of the denomination
.of Five Cents. All persons having bills
of this denomination in their possession,
by presenting theni at the store of
Messra. E.LIOTT & Q0. will have them
The IchVmoftd Rp91i ca, 6 Thurs.
dao, says: "Gen. U. E. LE: and family
left the city las eyeing. fpr Carters
ville,- Onimberland Cointy, near which
placo.they will occupy, for the summer,,
a cottage on a small farm. A large
numbor of farmNs in .different parts of
Virginia, a beun offered aspresents to
Gen.'LEE builxo hAW1 4 erfyaggde.
cined to- accopt thefn. During this
week, a citizeni t Richmorid proffered
him one of the finest, farmia in Orange
Countf, which another offered to stock."
The NbN'York' World stimate& th
total exception to the Prepident'samnos
t7 proclamnation at rom '00,000 fo 250,.,
060 men, dividq4 'i fpl owp .: - ersops
aboY6 ,he tank'of 166ell;400 :- raidera
frbud Cam,' i,e00Gjpratder'ame1,
8,600 ; uoluteer iebels - worth above
$20,00 ; fo t of rob.
elg.Vyermqt, 0 0 officers,
160 ; disloi 1ri in con
el4tda . maj~ ro, 800~;
nien , 40O, dIdiers in
tps not seco
~rp prisons at the
?4d Jrsdet phnaon. The .lette.r
- stof * t nreon
N .ao&b a~T4 e
r whek f Poelpstructi pW)
X'4.~ a oneI.40, and tient
h b I 'heir Rtand' ti n
6,W 0 io pe-oer. a
beep: it ti rfour yeard to tye the
Unin; I Ynow proposed that those
who deired to construct it' might go is
4id see viat. they could do. Por hu
part, he felt inclined to be rather a
lookereon than an active participaint in
the contest whidh would naturally grow
out of it.
"The President said: General, there's
io such thing as reconstruction. These
States have not gone out of the Union;
therefore reconstruotion is unnecessary,
I do not mean to treat thei as incliate
States, but merely its exi-stiug uider i
temporary suspension of their Govorn
ment, provided always they elect loyl
men. The doctrine of coercion'to pr'.
serve a State in the Union has been
vindicated by the people. It is.the pro.
vince of the Executive to see that the
will of the peoplo is-carried out in the
rehabilitation of these rebellious States,
once more under the authority, as well
as the protection of the TJnion.
"General Logan responded,. 'That't
"The President then passed on to the
question of the public debt. He said
lhat the finances of the country were in
a hopeful condition; that probably it waa
possiblo to resume specie payment
immediately were it not for the com.
mereial distress it would creatp through.
out the country generally. As to the
public debt of the coutry, he was in
favor of paying it to the last dollar, and
wotild never countenance ally maiin,
party. sect or .measurej that eveli
sqtinted at repudiation in any form,
The debtwas incurred to save thelcountry.
It was a legacy of the war, bequeathed
to us for good or evil. It was not pos
sible to shirk it. On the other hand,
the great question would be to make it.
if possibl6, 'tin instriment- of good, not
evil, to the public generally."
How Ron. John 0. Brookinrdge's.
- The following interesting account 01
the escape is flurnished by. the corres
pondent of the New York WorM:
HAVANA, Jime 17.
General J.. C. Breckinridge, acconpa.
nied by his nid-de-camp, Captain J.' Wil.
nsqn; iis faithful :ar-servan., Thomas ;
Colonel 'Tiaylor Wood, and two Confnd
crate soldiers, arrived at Cardenas on
the 11thinstnt, in opeu boatof about
oito ton bugthen, from t coast'of bori
A. This'party, after the capture of the
President of the late republic, made
their way to the St Johns river, where
they proceeded tip that river until they
reached a point due west of -the lIndin
river, near the head of navigation. At
St. Johns, Col5\el Taylor Wood joined
the party; having been captured by the
commoand of .General Wilsen -whioh
captured the President of the Confedera
cy 'ay accident, but lie made good his
Rsa 'the same n'igist.
b small boat"as hauled acros' the
country frani the Ote-John to Indian
river, a distance of twenty-six miles, and
launtehold fot the cean.' On reaching a
point ealled Gilbert eiear the mouth
of the river, the b beached, and
dragged -acrosa a Jp sixty yds,
and'aunched in an I a.colsnunicadn
witit the ocean. -On this partof 'the
r'oote Iuidian parties supplied them 'with
eatprovisions of' "Ctintry" ef 'wbich
th eado habreoftb'or .tF~ Ualid of
they w.edroompelldd to live
h, caught along the shore,
le erthe noumtil of~h.
di edaitd souih e filgy
of Si g~hen the~y b~cfatheft
boat toi pjovisiozis, A this titne n
itk dlh soI~th .64tween the hore' ha
th4 $'Jertda r-eef olhsegved 'ths piarty, pd
(e comuauanur dispatched .a bbatfrod
the yeli to ascertain who thofswere
etdWh a th een 4 an thpe A
hatbea W los bre h.
erman that vkt lived inl dR "7
44te paoN'd14% l
"'sm~v;thev r efaiN
ws'ecka ;'ana entift'ej cold
iWg boiter,.they voro It4bsir'ont
theftk~hrtwaA1y charity 'of th4 ds
shell fish driven on shore and- tirtles,
eggs; they'meant to get as far as.IndiAn
Key. or possibly Key 'West ; tltey hid
a boat load of papers, it he wanted -to
see them," - And the ready boys pulled
forth their parole documents, which Were
examined and found correct. "The folks
on shore were of the same class : had
plenty of papers-the same-and *brp
trying to cook dinner. it they could'And
any eggs or shells ;wouldn't the captain
like to go along ashore-he would be per.
fectly 1welcome to the. beat they had, sod'
their papers too I" Their hospitality
was declied-the dictum "all right.
was uttered. andt. "give too, my boys'
-when away shot the-gig on her rdtini
voyage to the steamner-naine unkrtown.
Theo wearied and half-starved ,party
breath-ed more freely after the interview.,
wilich had been rather tedious: 'while
waiting' for the result. That evening
they left the shore,-having on board a
few dosen ofcggs, cakes of cumty brand,
and a Few clams, so small that thftV
might pass for mussel. They reached
the Bank in about thirty-six hours, ha
ing spoken one vessel and obtained '
supply of 'fresh water the day following
their departure from-the Florida'coast,
and met with no other incident, -though
terribly perplexed for want of food, until
they reached Cardenas on the morning
of the I I thi-eight days-where they
were received by the people and the au
thorities with kindness, well fed. *el ro
freshed, tund serenaded - in the evening.
The ladies *ished . to entertain them in
their hospitable homes, which was, df
necessity declined for the. want of suits
ble jainient. The Governor of Cardenaa
furnished the party with transportation.
1o I lavana, where they arrived on the,
morning ofthe 12th, acoompanied by -an
ipdjutant'of the Spanish army, amd took
up their guarters at the Hotel Oubano.
The adjutant reported his arrival with
his guests to Captai*nGeneral1uloe, who
instruictid him to say to General Break
inridge. that lie had'the "freedom of -the
city and Cubn, for himtosolf -and f-iends
as long *as 'aey wish-to rena'win; and
when h'was rested front his fA4tigtoand
at hii ofti conveniend, he would be
happy so seahim.
hese who'knowthe country through
the wood froi Georgia to St. John'A,
(the public roads not -available for their
services except sit night,) arld thence by
the- route they took'.to 'the eoest, will
appreciate the' troubles -andldaogers
encountered to getsthrough safely. besides
tho difficulty of obtaining food''and sip
plies for six persons. The boat'.in which
the voyage was performed did not admit
of noreithan onesleeper at a tnis and
the onlf' navigator, Tayloe"Wood'had
to bo always on the alort.' In a qiuall
at night he was thrown, o4rer-by sea, but
hai n"the halyards in his hands, lie
VianAged to get oni bard again without
any one being"aware 'f histabsence.
Befote -leavi:ig the coastihaey hitd religi
ons services, and on reaching' Cardena,
before leavibig' sheir 'frail' boat, - they
returned thaNks With prayer and praise
to the Divim Prbvidephe VWru they
had beeisAd.v .
ColV Chad - J.-Iehn, who ham tTways
been .highl.y eteeimed' liete for his
gentlemanhy and ? eial qualities, with
the-'pEople asdto h Mthoj'da Centhmee
to exErcoise h. eait dservatvjin.
Ihnebee-for tin 66n6'of'snaay' unFotau.
tuates who timE tnd* oMhint intstiegion
and are hbdeles.z'91e' ' rselied Gen
ert:~Brtekakrldge td the:'syain.gen
oral of Cubs at lil'bitrf'np ' on the
l4tth inst., ad thE'distig i 'Confed
$rate 'rat rt'negs -* nnwarm
banshs'of' Min*'o6tt:s and,
necessary that' heo)h 18006 pa- g wat
among strangere 'for' alittle while; btt
he :ntih rest. aemnrrd4 ~the
*ut#and shat he she n
1*nd; kat-ag o
*hol hefue~ gu ~~r
to. eg n
can be no lasting peace" founded upon
cruety 44pression." \-'
r~ ethe Blehncodleptibli.j
The e* $oyk 7'ngs and other
Northerijouirnals -are alteady discus.
sing thd probable increase of %ito repre.
sentation of the Senthern States in the
national Congress 'by the liberation of
three tlillions of slaves. The increase
in ouriepreontatiton. it is suppsoeOl, will
not be less than 'ourteen t members in
the House of Representatives, and'this
factdias aroised th'4 jealous apprehen.
sion of some of the organs oi the Radical
* Tp'proie, however, tiOat the 'emancia
pation of the negroes will not entitle us
to this increased representation, they
are'laboring, we aamrit, most suqcossful.
ly, to show that since the commence
ment of the war, and especially in those
States wlre the triumph of the Federal
atins "delivered the slave from bondage"
neatly three years ago, one-third of the
pegroes havs already died or disappeared.
The New York 7Mes, to sustain its ar
gument, refers to the official reports of
GoneiAl Banks to prove that shic6 the
occupation of New Orleans by the Fed.
eral forces, in 1862, fifty per cent..of the
negro jppulation of Joriseiana have been
swept away, a -.d it believes the moortali.
ty to have been nearly as great in'oth
er States. If the Rpublican' journils
r.are willing to admit the truthof these
terrible statistics of- mortality, we cer
tainly shall not question their accuracy;
but (ley should bear in mind that when
the census of 1850 was taken, the mer
tality niong the negro poildation'-of
the United States was greater, i pro.
jation to their numbers, in Massachi
setts. and sma(ller in. Louisiana and
Florida than 'any where dise. As
Iuisiana has not,' since tie commence.
ment of the war, been , scourged by the
frightful epidenic which in 1849 '50
deltaed, the population of New Or
leans, we ate at joss AQ . conjecture..to
what cause this tearful mortality among
the "ceedmen" is attributed by General'
Banks. As 'thoy have been since the
spring and winter of 1861 under the spe'
disticare of Genorals Betler and:Banks,
th'eir reports tuon this subjectgcqus; be
depyintretg, but 'we' have not
read 6he:. If -the 7*es, therefire, is
correct in its opinion, that in three years
onelhilf of theemaneipated negroes in
a single State have perished,. it: conelu
sion that these hcndredsof'thousands of
dead "fqodmen" are not eptitidd to rep.
rosntation ic a - Congrok is porfectly
correct, an4 if they continuto.dig.at the
same rate ,whoh th . reapporcentienif
takes place, six.years hence, we fear, thaj.e
will not be enough of t he "freedtnon"
alive.-to 'add a' Congressman to our
qut.If-the ghastly statistics of' die
Ilen and-of thc Hera4 and.of.Genteral
Blanis are reliable, .we tAIink that Phil
esopl-.er Greeley. and- the .New England
lergyof *tle.- AnLiaslavoy Socety, htad
mauch bttor b preparing the ,freedlmec
for the next world, than for.the asser.
tiotn of their political rights in thia, as
we have n0V~r. beard tife !Tighsof, snf
fIge elassied .Among"- thQse, sanitary
tieasurewlchI tend '9 redce the bills
of mrtalily. .
-_Another argumens recently pressed
with great , earnestness by thie Radical
journald' against thes appreiecnsive in.
crense of Soubbero- repreben!atives in
Gongress is, that,' unless the'emnanccpated
stires' are- permit~ed to vote, e should
not ht.dlowed' to count theme in any fu-.
Tiisa:trodnlig a ne*'basia of rep'
erstfi'o1 writh a vengegaee, 'ad~tlie
jr umda~tI, the very desersoe of ldcftey.
l( xhibits an ignorance of the very ez'.
Fsidehyof "tb'e Constitution,-"and of its
pt'o~isions 'with refehreetto -repreentr..
'tic~ trdstr'icts the rapcesentatiod of
t& oters, ind- eteludes, wbisni,
OhMmw~d IWy forenr Itl a t wo
e4 J~r' ~l~rh would etottav~lh
tic ' Nould that cdi tt*'S64t*g19e.
a4 Wests r3tof'
sectidiual qu stioadthe ?i'rWth cod safe
toly no i of fifty vot".
IIe t'!Apdly. increasing:
treagt paoes its shprenia
c 1y he poss ity ofdoubt.
- aiou Ahthe , can never con
tend ith. thqNorth with the slightest
hope of suebsk, if sectional parties contin
ue to divide the nation. 3ut there is
very little, if any probability,' 'of parties
remaiiing t ~tlie fqr at. thli .tirhe.
"Slavery.in4"'ecidn" wilfho -opp
or constitute prolifi and perpetual
sources 'f tcIOd i tri. * VOW4!sues
mnst nowarise, likeoe t which agt
ted the comitty before slaverir ittnj
reared its liideona form; and dazOve Abb9'
nation into the hor'ors of civil Wanr I
all probability new parties wi have
nothing of soctionalisti about thert
They - will -groiw' ut of each new
rpase of our national progreap, preisely
its those p1olitical questions dr Which
preceeded the slavery. agitatiou. ,iheso
questions, in all prdbability, will not ar
ray the North against tle Soath. any
'more than bank, tarifl, Internal itqproye
in'nlts; bakrupt Iaw% dt4%hirty year*
ago. We abarl very sthe ne
gro altogether out of te i Plogisda.
tion ; and if ' the slati4is of the New
York Tines and of qe6*60 BANds anre
correct, he will soon go"wh bo thai eati
mable colored mAn "tTne Nso is
surposed to have gont wbeA ie put down
"do shubble and de .00."
As soon as seotionalisni dis' out, Ie
confiagration, for 'ant qf tilaterlr to
Red upon, th, Sioutlhern Statesawill, by
the fonation of new petrtids,- again wield
a,powerful - influence inthe councils, of
The same cases wlich anid th'e
South powerful beforh the f Mtion6f
ge6eraphidal or sebtiorial parties 'vill
again give us. power. "Savery and.
"Secessioni," far-from adding to ogr~pO
litical, strength, were the direct causes
.of our loss of power. They evehitially
lost the South th4 support of all parties
at the North, and eftna at the meory sf
an exoited and frritated popular in ,,i'
,he policy and du dtli811o Sotdili're.
after Il the, halls of natialunl legislation
will be extrmnely'snivpl andstraight$tf
wnrd. It must avoid, radivalim and Qt
eotional isspe. It must throwJis it
divided inflience upon the sig4n of ot
riust encourage' the'foiftm1 ohof a great
natioial party. which will afford egnal
protcotiou to all sections, one which-pan
truthfully procleiin ihat it kitows no
North, no Sonth no Eiast, end no West,
bilt'thiat i Udoeks to iapartially promeiU
thd welfar: A-prosperity of the WhoIQ
iatida. . The fovmhton of suh a purty
iq inippratiyoly tl iarided to cornplate
the work ofrestormii and purift id 1 t1it
- Au DKM farT, qreau-q,
Freedipen,u -Sati Abanden,
CIRncULA1, o 8 ,
Whereqs A largo an4it of li 41h,
theo'State of V'fglini, Ri%.l 'ther Sutrk
that have been in insurrection,-6as baeen
abandoned, b dislo ilowners a,& is
now being cultivaited b Prehien;,and
whereas the0' tiers W'A1 eh -ai% #4e
arnd thus dprM. the Fieedmeno of' ia
frute of thir industryj. ie. or4 -~
that all abaaip ,lauused t
now under- si~u~t. by ite' en4~b,
be terinedbtI posesontuptlft .
eIops nwgrowig'hAl 'be iseouredlpv
sha fu$ll nddus.t wg
ustioa be nune ,fqr ~heur lb
strued as to tM1ieP
04 i W 4 ~. 6ntW nede gay
rCeotiQ$ of }f ~~
lMMMimu m M