Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, July 29,~1865.
WAN9ED, at this. office, one or two
newsboys, to sell papers on the Charlotte
& South Carolina railroad. None need
apply except those of an industrious and
In another column will be found the
proclamation of Gov. B. F. PrRY, re
cently appointed Provisional Governor
by the President of the United States
for and in the State of South Carolina.
It is a manly and open document,
and will, no doubt, be read with interest,
and receivo the firm support of every
Time alone forbid us expressing our
views in reference to this able document,
as we should like to do, but we will take
the first opportunity of giving our opin
ions, in extenso, upon its merits. Suf
fice for the present. we lend our cordial
and hearty support to the Governor, on
the principles laid down in his proclama
An Unfortunate Occurrence.
We learn from a gentleman just from
Newberry, that a most unfortunate
shooting affair took place near that place
-on Saturday last. It seems that a wa
termellon patch of a Mr. HARE was dep
redate I upon by iome persons unknown,
and that Mr. H. employed a gentlemaq
by the name of REYIoLDs, (a Confedp
rate soldier,) to stand guard and s e
that no one intaided upon the promises,
and while Mr RacyxoTos was fulfilling
his contract, two soldiers of the 56th
New York regiment, on provost duty
at Newberry, entered the place and
commenced pluggingmelons for the pur.
pose of getting ripe ones, when they
were fired upon by Mr. RIEYNOLDS and
on? of them mortally wounded. The
other sinrrendered himself up, and was
- taken to headquarters. Our informant
states that both Mr. IARS and Mr.
REvoIwa were arrested and lodged in
Mr. HARi's dwelling house, at his
plantation near Newberry, was subse
quently burnt. down by some of the
comrades of the wounded man, in retaha
tion, as was told us, for the shooting of
[From the Now York Herald, July 19.]
Ris Health ' Greatly impaired-H is
not expected to Live Long-One IEye
Alnost ybtally Bly'i'n.d the other
much Impaitl64 1 it 11 D0JdSs of Igis
Habits in --7 ews of the
Execution A58a Coinmuni
cated to H, ati s ct.
1[ur Fortress Monroe Correpondence.]
FoRTRSS MoNRoE, July 17.
From all the souroes of information I
am able to command, there is no doubt
Jeff. Davis is slowly but surely declining
in health from his 'protracted imprison
ment. IHe will not even avail himself
of the opportunities of exercise afforded
.him, and he has a space wf about twen
ty by twenty feet he could walk about
in uf~ he'choso ; but all the long hours of
eaoth weary day lie sits at the barred
-embrasureoef his casemate, sullen, silent,
speechless ,With his chin alternately
e r-esting on one hand and then en 6oth,
he lookse unintermittingly through this
opening. Where rest his eyes and
.what thoughts stir that brain no one can
tell. Before him are the bay and the
passing ships, and the Rip Raps, grow
ing each day . ipto a wonderous work of
impregnable strength ; and beyondc, the
blue sky and fleeting clouds and wild sea
- birds enjoying tlie gotadies freedom of
the outer air. And mingling with these
sights comes the perpetual,.inournful re
frain, the sound of thie waves dashing
upon the bgach. Hlere he is a prisoner,
and under what circunmstances and un
'der what terrible oliarges batn 'ng over
hin, Not a momelit i he lef alone
not a moment pases hjis dotundsr the
vigilant .eye of soldiers. there is no
e ttht, tilat, for%# .bs growa
emaciated, the~e , cheeks, V4ulor ag
those eyes Anog lus~troh14. :b
pore wrInk d-is hair whit~ h~a
wp ~~ er, h'irstin,osqk fa' a
al-glon? Hfea -has hfthbisi o is'
ee; that proud, spirit is broken, and
Ue endiis nlot fa#s. : UU . itl....
fancy sketch. I have been told to -day
that Jeff. Davis, if he keeps up his pres..
bnt prison -habits and despondency, toill
not live. six weeks longer.
A UHAPLAIN ATTENDS HIM.
Yesterday Mr. Davis requested per
mission for a chaplain to see him. This
is the second request of this kind ho has
wade since his arrival. Chaplain Ker.
foot was sent'to his cell. He greeted the
chaplain with warmth. "It is to you
and to this book" (holding the Bible in
his hand) "I must look," lie said, "for
consolation now." The chaplain talked
to him of his spiritual condition, read to
him passages from the Bible and pray.
ed with him. After the chaplain left
Davis appeared to be in much better spir
its than he has been in for some time
READING THE BIBLE.
He reads the Bible morning and even
ing. Recently, I am told, he protracts
these readings much more than at the
commencement of his imprisonment.
He confesses his belief in the Bible, and
professes to have made it the ruling
guide of his life. It is evident that be
does not fancy being confined exclusively
to reading the Scriptures, foei he some
times clamors for a different style of
literature ; but his request in this r'egard
thus far has not been complied with.
The refusal to extend his reading privi
leges, and not permitting him to write
to his wife or see letters from her, have
formed the burden of his complaints.
UIS XYEIOIIT GROWING MORE DKFEC
If permission was given him tolhave
all the books lie wished he could not
read much himself, and for the comfort
derived from them would have to rely
mainly on others reading to him. One
eye is now almost totally blind, and the
other gives indication of rapidly be.
coming so. He has complained lately
of seeing objects double. H1 still wears
his goggles during the day time. .
nIS DAILY ItOUTINE.
Life in prison is necessarily monoto.
nous. With few it has ever been more
so thah with Davis. H1 1 pretty
early, usually at five o'clock in the
morning. He takes a bath the first
thing, using salt water at first, and
winding up with first water. His bath.
ing facilities are lmited, consisting of a
common washtub half filled with salt
water, a wash basin 'of fresh water,
coarse towels and soap. An army
blanket he converts into a tempo.
sary screen, and bathes behind this. He
is not very particular about his toilet,
the fashion of combing his hair and all
that, but is exact upon the subject of
cleanliness of his underclothing, sheets,
towels, &c. Bath and toilet completed,
he reads his Bible, and at half-past eight
has his breakfast. This is served him
fiom Dr. Craven's table. The state
ment in some of the papers that a daugh.
ter of Dr. Craven brings him his food
is incorrect. A soldier brings his meals
to him. Tea, toast and an egg or two,
or broiled steak, usually' make up his
breakfast. His appetite is very variable.
O#heral Miles may cal! in to see him
and pass a few words, or the officer of
the guard may have something to say;
for only these two, except his physician
and Craven, and the chaplain. of course,
when hie calls, are allowed to speak to
him. In conversution lie hifs betrayed
an anxiety and even determination to
discuss the subject of the impossibility
of ever convicting hiim of treason. Hie
throws himself back upon the question
of'State iights as his main point of de
fence. For some tinie, finding that all
the discussi'on was on his own side, he
baa kept bilent on the subject. Except
these interruptions in the6 way of con
versation, which, it will be understood,
are not daily by any means, he. passes
most of hiis time till h'alfpast three P. M.,
his dinner hour, in looking at the win
dow. He smokes his pipo occasionally,
but is no great smoker. He says that
much smoking makes him too- nervous.
After dinner he passes the time as before.
He ias supperat halfvpast eight o'clock,
an hn.ireotly nosto betd. Hie
sleep. pretty edutinc but niore so
formerly than latterl. At Airst the
light kept burning in te room all night
trouble him, but he has become used
to it and makes no complaint on the
subject now, as perhaps he knpws It
would do no good if he did.
obxPLAINTa ABOUT THE QUARD.
In previous letters I have described
Mt, Dsyis' quarters, and. the guard
plkoed over hi. Both coatinue the
saine as at first.. Hie has been urgetitto'
have' b ~a in his own room, the
of te W~eb toom~le
no MeiJ. 14ext Wae d.ied
be~Slloi toa .staud' instad of 4 .~
kept 4alking, but here, too, his request
has not been complied with.
THE LA'E EXECUTiON OF Ti ASSASSINA
There is every reasbn to believe that
the -execution of the assassination con.
sHirators in Washington has been com.
municated to Davis within the past
three or four days. It is certain that
a great and marked change has come
over hi, and to his ufidoubted know
ledge of this executionu the change is
attributed. His food is of the best
quaility, he has abundaRice of pure air,
and there is no special reason otherwise
accounting for present gloominess and
[Frfm tMe New York Herald, July 19.]
The A gro Troubles at Charleston-Mat.
ters in the Interior-The Railroads
and Cotton Crop, &c.
[Oua CBARLaTsox ConRBSPoNDENcE.]
CIlIAnLRESTON, S. C., July 15.
is again quiet. The Forty-seventh re
giment Pennsylvania Veteran Volun
teers makes a very efficient police.
They patrol the streets in squads of sir,
with noother weapon than a small club.
A number of colored men, disguised as
soldiers in United States uniforms, have
been arrested and lodged injail. Near.
ly every one of them had a pistQl and
knife concealed under the belt. But for
the decisive measures taken, bloody en
counters would have doubtless been the
General Bennett, commandant of the
post issued the following order ,
General Order--No. 61.
HEADQ'MS, CITY oF CHKARLESTON,
CH AHLESTON, July 12, 1865.
1. The attention of the commander of
tWis post having been called to the tie.
fl&ia and discourteous spirit manifested
in the city between the troops and the
civilians, both white and colored, caus
ing of late serious and disgraceful dis
turance, it is deemed'necessary, and is
hereby ordered. that all citierns remain
at their homes after eight o'clock P. M.,
abstaining from noisy discussions, or as.
sembling im groups on the streets or oth
er public places, doy or night.
Some citizens disguised as soldiers
having been-engaged in disorderly acts, it
is ordered that any citizen hereafter
found in the ITnited States uniform will
be arrested and turned ovei- to-the Pro
3. At tids time of comparative peace,
when the energies of the nation ate ab
sorbed in the restoration of harmony
and the re-establishment of good feeling
among all classes entitled to the rights
of citizenship, discourtesy toward civil.
ians is beneath the dignity of soldiers.
Respectful deportment among soldiers,
as well as toward their officers, as an in
dication ot g6od discipline in any con
mand; but courtesy without humility
toward those who have no claim except
upon your manhood, is the best guaran
tee of good breeding and nobleness of
character. It is enjoitned tupon ihe en
listed men in the city that they bohave
insolently to no per:-ou, of whatever col
or; that they do not monopolize the
sidewalks or assemble in groups tO the
inconvenience of wromen or other pas
sers by. Citizens should remember thak
civil rule is not established, and that
any act of theirs which may lead to diffi
cul ties with the troops - will tend to pro.
tract that end. Their bearing should bo
in no manner defiant or discourteous to
the troops, and any insolence leading to
disturbances will subject tihe offenders to
punishment. Upon the creation of any
disturbance during tihe day or night, the
commanding offoer of the distu ict of the
city in which it may occur will at once
send patrols tunder commissioned officers
to arrest all persons found in the streets
hi the vicinity of the disturbance, ex
pept persons on important business, who
will be required to r tthners
guard for an escord. -,a h ers
By order of Brevet Brigadier Gen.
W. T. BENNET,
CgfAna R. of 'First ideutenant
F'ifty fourth tassachusettg Volunteers,
and A. A. ,A. GeneraL.
The citisens (whites) complain loudly
9f tfe justcs f eabove -order.
feeingb~eeenthetroop, and theip.
selve. The- order~ compels busiess
men to close thbit' 'o aboet'seveft in
the evening, t~ fer th6 ljyelst
retail buea056 ' Jigstrwtwha 14
heat of the dayrhas passd.
Since the oar iwued the head*
here oa hu a ~mones
stieme Cbmmt* u.~~h obet -e
the General's visit was tQ make special
inquiry into the-origin and cause of the
disturbances. le was in close consulta.
tion with General Hatch all day Thurs
day. From the information he had re
ceived the' General had been led to ex
pect a good deal of trouble, and accord
ingly ordered the Sixth regular United
States infantry to accompany him.
Learning everything was qiiiet, the regu
lars, on their arrival here, were ordered
to Hilton Head.
- ANOTHER ORDEP.
On Friday morning General Bennett
issued the following additional order:
General Orders-No. 62.
HIADQ'RS, Ci.TY OF CHARLESTON,.
CUARI.ESTON, July 13, 1865.
Aesidents of the city of Charlestons
not in the military service of the United
States, are required, within forty-eight
hours, to turn into the Provost Marshal.
Captain Charles E. Tucker, at 191
Meeting street, all the firearms within
their possession. All persons hereafter
arriving in the city will, within twenty
four hours after their arrival, deposit
their arms at the place mentioned.
Guards will arrest any person found
carrying firearms in the city or within.
the mtrenchments on Charleston Neck.
Persons so arrested, or those neglecting
to comply with the terms of this order,
will be dealt with by military court.
All arms turned in, in compliance with
this order, will be progerly marked,
safely stored and receipts given for the
same. They are held for the owner,
and a monthly return for them will be
made to these headquarters. In some
special cases the commander of the post
of Charleston will, when he thinks prop
er, grant a written permit to, retain
The carrying of clubs and sword
canes in the city of Charleston will be
considered a military offonce. and per.
sons will be arrested for the same.
Aged or infirm persons will not be mo
lested for carrying canes -not loaded or
By order of Brevet lriad ier Gen. .
W. T. 1 ENNETT,
CHARLYS F. Joy, First Lieutenant
Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers,
Ating Assistant Adjutant General. -
As the whites. with few exceptions;
delivered up their. arms on the occupa
tion of the city by the Union troops, the
order to them will be of little interest.
Every house in the city at the time of
the occupntion by the Union soldiers
underwent a thorough searching opera.
tion by the troops of the Twentyfirst
United States colored troops, for the
purpose of announcing freedom to th#
slaves, the seizure of firemins and.the
capture of abandoned property, furni.
ture, &c. The number of filpartns thus
far brought in since since 'the publita.
Lion of the order, are five rifles and seven
pistols, mostly belonging to blacks.
The Colored Orphan Asylum, after a
number of changes by the release of
property to the owner, has at last the
been settled in Momminger's extensive
mansion and grounds at the corner of
Smith and Wentworth streets. It now
has about one hundred and seventy-five
HriE MORTALITT reiST
haes considerably diminished withiin the
past two wveeks. For the wveek from
the 11Ith ti the 1'7th June, inclusive, the
deashis were oighfy-eight blacks, twenty.
live whites'; from tihe 18th to the 24th
of June, inclusive, sixty-eight black.,
twensy-one whites; from 25th of Junae
to the .let of July, inclusive, sixty.six
blacks, tweinty-two whites ; from 2nd to
the 8th of July, inclusive. sixty-six
blacks, twenty-two whites, making a to
tal in month of four hundred and-eighty
five blacks and one hundred and shi'rty
four .whites,' a dreadful oomparuson with
former yrears, when the whole number of'
deaths in a month did not average forty
er fifty, white -and black. The highest
number of deaths .'in the -yellow fever.
epidemic of 1884, was fifty-nine.
THE NORTHlEASTEE4 UAILniOAD .
is doing a fine busness, though running
at present only tri-weekly yamsa.
TUE SOUTH 0&sorttU RAILRoas
The work on thif ford Is progrissing
steadily and rapidly. The miana ne
have taken ump the' iron oirt tbn (anden)
branch toeomplete thee.d to Colomb'
This is considered~g verygood tno,
Ra muoh greatist'If the seetion o '1.'
iambi. than in' the sehlgqr of try
atound Oamddir.5 Th'eGtent d,
0-., road and the-Chalata, 'N ., toad,
arE fhetwo gt at iosa4 lir lying
lng, from Aqmgt ad twedate
points to Orangeburg, the present ter
miUn* of the SCuth Carolina Railroad to
The residentof the roa4,, W. J.
Maotg , Esq., leaves on the AlhaAbra
to-day for Ne* York,. to endeater to
make some arrangements for iroi to
complete tLe Augusta branch. Itcan.,
only be accomplished through $orthern,
capital and , rNQrtern pt, han to
whom the complution t roa ill
be of hiostimable valhi in -Aaare 1stp
phes of cotton that will be brought it.
once to this market and shipped to New
York. The management,. however,
must complete the Augusta branch,
either by Northern or foreign capital,
as it will be as much as they :an do to
finish the Columbia branch. If North
ern capitalists will aid in this work,, the
cotton trade will speedily revive, in
something like- its former grandeur.
The South Casolina Railroad has al.
ways been favorite stock. The planters
in that portion of the country are will.
ing and anxious to sell. but the difficul
ty has been to got it to market. A
number of young men out of employ
ment have directed their attention to
this matter and are engaged as wagon.
ers, bringing in five and six bales of cot
ton at each trip to Orangeburg, and
then selling it at a margin between the
interior prices and the market' price in
Charleston. It is to be hoped' that they
will continue in this laudable 'enterprise
and bring some of the cotton now looked
up in the interior to our market.
The following order wUl show- the
sub-distncs into which General Hatch's
department has beeu divided:
General .Orders-No. 71.
DITRIOT OF CUARJlteTON
CUARLESTON, July .6, 1865.
In accocdance with General Orders
No. 102, Headquarters, Departnient of
the South, the following sub-districisare
erected within this. military: distruict
I. The First sub.district will 1.oom
prise the city of Charleston,-the district
of country outside Charleston city limits
within five miles- of the fortifications on
Charleston Neck, tha' parianes -of St.
Andrew's and St. John's CollecLion,
Sullivan'alsl and and Fort Snmter. Bre
vet Brigadwr General W. ,. Bennett is
assigned to the command of the sub-dis
trict, headquarters at Charleston. The
garrison will consit,- for the presen tof
the Forty-seventh-Peonoylvania Volun
teer, Fifty-fourth Masaaeiusetts Vol
unteers, one Hundred and Sixty-ffth
New York Volunteers, Twnit-0rst
United States colored troopsand the
companies of the Third Rhode Islain
artillery now on duty in the district.
2. TIle Secoed sub-distriot will -eem.
prise Colleton district amd the country,
within five smiles of Sammerile -:,olo.
nel James C. Becher. Thirty fifth United
States colored troops, columiandig ;
headquarters at Summerville. Gaffthson
to consist ot the Thirty-Afth United
States colored troops ancd one company
of the First Ohio cwA)ry.
3.- The Third sub-distri t will'eem
prise the districts of Oran gburi" and
Barnweli-Brevet Btigadier General A.
T. Hartwell commvatsdng tjheadquartars
at Orangebirg. Garrison to consit of
thme Fift-fourth New York .Volunteers,
Fifty.fifh Massachusetts -Volunteers,
and ue company of the First Ohiml v
- 4. The Fourth sub-dtis #$ will equm.
prise the districts of Richimon'l a~nd Leg
ington-Colonet NT. Haughtbn,T'wetity,
fifth Ohio Volunteers, comnding ;
headquarters at .Cohumbia. .Garuisoet to *4
consist of the Twenty-fifth Ohio Voj -
teers and one company of the tVir io
c .a hes Fif. sub-distrit'4v hy11s
the district of Charletso, exepesch
part a is placed by. this ordr 4' the
First and Second dub districts; h
toe at Mount Pleasant. T -
wIll be designated ,in ' or
6. Thme comma ts. of-aubdigts
will, with as 1' dela as bpt~ le,
nae sue ' ition of hel if a
Will, in tfjudgmnent, best' eitil them
to.tho ly suppress anf disstisfaction
to t govemadut and -malitaini oser
- the hiimts '-of rcom nnd.
*y will imiodiadIol 4niV.pe.
mnd Circuit Oouirts" dr ted by
'General Orderet N..' 10% T2, q~u
Dpartment -of thp ,South iuos ng~
tihes. headquartes. -of the o' i~on
of the court,' the natew of the asitu
Pr.oot Judges anjatI bltistias
ted with thew. a eamst. will
betasa akl itses aa
. LUonaxo 1B. Ppa A1u