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THE TRI-WEEKLY _EWS
VOLUME I.] WINNSBORO, S. C., ,TUS.DAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 1865. [NUMBER 68.
'THE TRI-WEEKL yEWB:
BY .J. e. BRITTON.
THE'T4I-WEEKLY NEWS is pablished
-on 'usday, Thursday and Saturday, at ONE
DOLLAR per month, In advance. Single
-copi. Tam sers. . .
Adverdieements insertedi at ONE DOLLAR
per square, of eiht line, or less, 'or the first,
and SEVENTY.TIVK cents for each subse.
quent insertin, invariably In advance.
(From the Coluulbia Phoenix.]
Under Whiob ting, Bezonian I
We give a series of tent questions,
wilch we find submitted to candidates
in tle Alabama newspnpers. These
questions may or may not be of impor.
tance to the people. Hut the question,
art, is whether there is a people or not.
We are told that the elections are pro.
nounced void in -Virginia. by the milita.
ry authorities, because mlen who were
old secessibnists have been elected.
How have they been ele-ted ? Were
they not pardoned-did they not be.
ecome loyal citizens by the oath -have
-they'not been granted ternisof citizen
ship, and what does citizenship imply ?
Is not amnesty a wiping out of' old
scores ? If deniied the rights of citizen.
4hip, after taking the orth,of what-im.
port the oath, and what . does citizen.
slip raean, and what aces it confer of
privilgo.? And if- the - military May
suporcede t1he ballot box. what is suf.
Ofag ? And if the resumption of civil
authority is still subordinate to the ipsi
discit of iatial law, of what use a Pro
visional Governor ?. An d if the Presi
kdeit of the United States .onflere'a pow.
or which te military authorities -will
ipot respect frhete are the people to look
'toiauihorty-? We ask these questions
in a perfect state of bewilderment. Let
's know who to obey. Let us know
where the authorities lies. We are pre
,pared to be submissive ; but really, in
'this couflict of authority, one knows not
where to turn. We - do not bomplain.
We only ask to know. Obeying one
n'nthority we may offend another.
.Where is the*sutiorty ? - What is law ?
"W ehave the 'freed6m of the ' ballii
bor," the.Govertior tells us. "Go and
vote,.' sna Denocraoy. Well, we
and vote. We vote, for Dick Smitha.
,Diok Smith Is the famous fellow that
swallowed the broad-axo. Is Dick
Smith ineligible to ofee ? Not a bit of
:it He was a secosii6nist, -wes Dick.
Poor Dick I- He voted, onceupqn a
tinie, - for Jeff. Davis: for Mr. F oote.
Wel, he repehted 4f his lilt., "If you
rbpent," says- the precliuaatibaj %lyoni
-are saved." You fhave put* yoirself
right in couvf. Yop, etn comia' to the
-communion tuble as -hvfopo. Ano so
'Dick votes,or 10, voted for, "but," says
Papt. Martinet,: "you' were a&pestilat
ecessioniut 6ine tione ago, and you shot
at' nie with a- M4ibio bulat at. (Fettys,
burg, or you votedtor' Dik'Smith.who
did the shooting. , 'You vot# it null and
id. The election- is null and .*oid.
Your repentAnce is not woith4 daih,!
Tour:ottli Iba fairce. - Yok mtwstad thio
oesionbusisiets 6efr agin, und seo'tha~t
Y-a vbte acoording to your consciences
W-a4or' thd person ivhe de '
1et os'hnve 4ll- this' iatte adjusted
one isky er- atuother. Either Goyarnbr
Perry.bas authority o' nek 'frat the
odeident of tie'U Stat4s fo 'call.
in ' ri the' peoplet to" gIts therub.
'tarailed votes aoiding to the'ideas
of epublicaski) Io s -he. has not. 'GAV.
lertnust see to it a save ft harm.
less. He must u -sertaiafth
wh~ rmv4~u autd *hether.we
are he t t.,If not,
we do iot ne etfsims
sive. We roall re' not a strk~for'
the priviJege, or a he denial of it.
We only deieto $aae
ed at our hand., aud-wbd .( agedies.
We simply-wish to edge fe
.demand of Gow'.. :Perryato a
status and ours in seasoni/ that y
waste no unnecessary tinme or tems
'HadaGov. Perry, for ..xamp1~list
thority to order awl electipn for metaubqu
*eaaoonvention?. Wad h~eathw~edsdtp
set the. whaeels of iovit' and t je~liian.
thbriief in bunow?""Waas-hlerdghI~We
wrotwgIs insrwltdg-Ahn e.r
enr4ly easy toapseiaia , tings,
has erred and been premature--and we
can hardly think so, coming, as ho does,
from a personal conference with the
President-then he should put himself
right, and put us right,. with all possible
expedition, so that harm may come to
neither. It is not to be expected that
the military government will forego its
exercise of authority, unless it shall re
ceive official instructions to' this effect
directly from the Government at Wash
ington. They will not recognize the
proclamation of the Provisional Govern.
or until distinctly instructed to do so by
the paramont authoritf of the Unite'd
States Government. All we ask is
that that authority shall declare itself,
as soon as possible, one way or the other.
It is all idle to the talking about elections
for conventions and congresses and legis.
latuires, when germission is denied at the
ballot-box by the interposition of tho
bayonet. It is absurd to require the
juilges of the Courts of General Sessions
and of Common Pleaa, to issue their
veniie, when we may have a conflict be.
tween thoir-jurisdiction and that of the
military courts. That we should, as
soon as possible,- have our courts and
1tard juries in session, is called for by
the condition of -the ~ country The so.
cuirity of persons and property, the ad.
jusitment of claii's and rights, the sup.
port of the republic-these, all demand
an edrly resumption of all the civil offi.
ces and duties of'the State. But if the
Government of - the United States
shall decide otherwise, for the time, or
for any length of time, the ppople
are submissive. A l that they'. de.
mand is simply to know what to do
and what to forbear, and whom to
obyy, and that they shall not be
with the ,excitemente of elections, and
mocked the commands of conflicting
authorities. There is no conimotion
among the people. They are e-ninently
pacific ; subdued in tone and temper to
the color of their fortumnee. They feel
and behave as a subjugated people,
conscious that they exist and possess
only under the will of the United States
,Government. Any reports or. represen
tations which would show them in-any
,other aspect, are false and without the
elightest foundation. The people aire
without arms and ammunition. There
are no assemblages of them. There is no
combinatiori. When they meet, it is in
open day. in the sight and hearing. of
United States garrisons.- It may be
that some of them murmur in their im
patience. It must needs be so, especially,
wtenthey are struggling for the moans
of life an& suffering from the spoliation
of their fields and -gardens. But such
ocisional murmurs are not to be con.
sidered as impairing their 64elity to their
eaths as loyal citizens.
, But we have ,said enough. Briefly
to recapitulate-let us know what is
our status-What is expected at our
hands. Is Gov. Perry authorizied to
confer power on the courts-to call a
convention of-the people-to order
elections---to restore; the: State to the
Union l.-:the well-known laws of the
"Jler efollow the eneriOs of the Ala.
n m papars, .hioh, of course, are
swre impptsinenaes,.if, when the votp is
aW it isdicovere4that.: Dick Smith is
IneOdpetent at a -vpteO* and ineligible
# asumadIdenkfy orof: <-.
14L *f" aofr'ok Snfe, vor of a
f*e: OonstiWOUn, id4 howmill you vQte
00 ti)%s su*
2d. Are 1o,4or n Aip ,fvov of the
disfrondhisemdia of alt' bo bive-bsen
exchided frdui aw*esttythi;resi
'Wd.. you adv d osfeted tothe
v*ItQei Ahe imenedine *s gadual
sag laton of slayeryf'ng"
24 g'owr nott ini Ioim er.-O
tending the eletiw& Iffiobotto,.the
we can expect from Texas, both 'of the
old and new crops, is 270,000 bales.
This is expcuive of what reaches the
market by the way of Red River. All
accounts state that there is quite a large
quantity of the old crop still along the
line, of that stream. Of the new crop
growing in the Red River country, we
have heard nothing as yet.
(Augusta Chronicle & Sentinel.
THur. AquiA CRaWX ' RIov.-The
Richmond correspondent of the New
York .Wbune, speaking of the lato riot
at Aqxia creek, says :
"General T. M. Hairis, commanding
Department of Southeast Virginia, has
the matter under investigation. The
white laborers, about forty in number,
all discharged Confederate soldiets, have
been arrested, tried and sentenced to ser
vice in the chain-gang of Frededeksburg
for 60 days. The superintendent of the
gangs on the railroad, E. 1I. Thompsoni
has been sentenced to six mo tHi's impris
onment for encouraging tht whites in
these unlawful proceedings. The lieuto.
irant is to be court-martinle and the
negroes have been sent ba k to their
a. EDTRA Card.
AR. EnTR : Having noticed in your
paper of the 8th Inst. my namet anuounced
on the list of candidates for theiConvention
to meet In Columbia on tho 13tIj of Septeni
ber next, you will please give publiety to
the distinct deolaration on my fpart, that 1
am not a caudidate. Respectfully
. TH08, F. FURMAN.
August 1%' 1865.
Horse Stoles--25 eward.
N.Ion Gray Horse, about five
oyear old, no marks rcoollected ex
aept. he boing tresh shod "all round," was
stolon'fronu my plantation near Lougtown,
on the night of the 20th inst. A reward of
twenty-five dollars will. be gt'on for the re.
turn of the lIorse, or or his being left at
any place so that I can got him.
sag 22'6-8 It. H. BELL.
STRAYE-in OR Ai r9,EN.
A RLD COW; -with a great appear
ance of Milk, senahl crumuipled horm
and a white spot on each flank, (that on th
left the largest,) either strayed or was stolen
6n. Sunday morning last. Any. informatior
onoerning the said cow will be greatfilly
recelied MRS. M. 1. LAUGHLIN,
aug 17'65--2 Winnsboro', 8. C.
AR MY.W AG0 NS,
cgq., etc., etc., etc.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 25 916
At On. n., and to be contintied fron
day to dag until completed.
A, AQ. (
- D1STRICT 8T 4 OQ.
WI Wo', August 14, 16
ILI3V6 ~onf tdfo
eat t arti
y the Provisinal Governor of the e
State of' South Carolina. a
A PKOOLAIIATION !
W HEREAS, His E:-cellency, Presi
dont Jbhnson, has issued his pro
olatnalion, appointing. me' (Benjamin F.
Perry) Provisional Goverior. ti und for the
State of Meuth Carolina, with power to pro. I
scribe suol' rules anel regulationis asiay be I
necessary and proper for, convoqing a Con
vention of the State, composed of delegates
to be chosen by that portion of the people of
said State who are loyal to the United
States, for the purposo of altering or amend.
ing the Constitution thereof; and with au
thority to exercise within the limits of the
Stato all the powers necessary And proper
to enable such loy at people to restoro said
Stato to its constitutional relations to the
Federal Government, and to present uch a
ItRopublican forim of State Government. as
will entitle the State to the guarantee of the
United.States therefor, and its people to
protection by the United States against in
vasion, insurrection and domestic violence
Now, therefore, in obedience to the pro
'oamttion of' JIlI Excellency, Andrew John
Wil, President of the Unite&States, I, BEN
JAMIN F.' PERRY, Provisional Governor of
the State of Soutp Carolin,. for the purpose
of organizing a Provisignal Government hi
South Carolina, restoring civil authority in
said State, under the Cdl ttution and lais
of the United State', toe hereby, proclatim
and declare that all civil- officers in South
CArolina, who were in office when the Civil
Government of the State was suspended, in
May last, (except those aurested .or under
prosecution fobr treason,) shall, oir taking
the oath of allogiance prescribed in the
President's Amnesty Proclauition of the
19th day of May, 18165, resum'l' tihe duties of
their ofilces.and continue to'dtlarge tmlcni
under the Previsional Government till fur
ther appointments are madd.
And I do further proclaim. declaro and
make ktnown, that it is' the duty of all loyal
citizens of the State of South Carolina to
pror.ptly go forward and I take the oat h of
allegiance to the United States, before some
mugistrate or military officer of the Federal
Governmest, Who may bo qualified for ad.
minleterIng oaths; and such are lioreby an
thioraed to give certified copios thereof to
the persons respectively by whom they
were made. And such magistrates or offi
cers are hereby required to transmit the
originals of such oaths, at, as early a day as
may be convenient,. to th'e Departmnent of
State, Ir the 6iy of Washington, D. C..
And I do further proclaim, doolaro-and
iuake known, that the Managers of Eleo
tions throughout . tho State of.South Care
lina will hold ni election for members ofaa
State Conveption., at their respectivo pro
einets, (n the FIRST MONDAY' IN 81Ai
TEMBER NEXT, aboording'to the law.s' of
South Carolina in force before the secession
of the State,. and that each Election Disfrict
in the State shall elect as gany micnibeirs
of t.he Couvention .ig lhe said Distriot ,line
members of ile I us'e offRejp'resentatives
the basis of represntat ion being Oopulation
and taxation. This -will give one hundred
and twenty-four members ie the Convention
--a number aufliciently large to represent
.every portion of the 8tqto mit, fully.
Every loyal citizen who had taken' 'th
Amnesty oath, and not wishin the excepted
classoe in the President's proclamation,
wil be entitled to voto, piovldiA lie was a
lega voter under the W ion as it stood
,prior ,t9 the secesl'b beth Carolina.:
And Atl iyh arevwithin tMe e4 pted classes
must, ke tIhe gath and apply. for a parden,
In order to entitle theqi to vote or become
menibers 6i61'Convenion' .
E The Inember0. of "the Qo~vcutlon, th9a
.0igqted ?A the first A;6ndp in Se tera'ber
'n atQ Hereb requid oiv iA the
c ity o f C o lu m biA ,:-n ', W BV D N E S D 4 , - ,th e
JS,11 uIpf Sep1zlq, 1805, for tijo pu*
p s of altering and lendl ing the p lre*6b
onstitutionof Sottgp r Carolin, -or renodul
Ing agud ns~pa'- y one,'which ,will'eonie
fotzi th roat, chs ~e whief havq takeit
- t ela t'e E at', be' miti*in4 oord
woewith.Bepabiean prisolplsaand qulI#7
s(f uLe oftiose h .th~~.4o
1 z~th' owiaional G
p ' tey @1m t
ti/ 44 24
re of freed persons will be kip() to them,
ad not. tura off the children o- aged to,
erish; and the freed mon and women ai:0
arnestly enjoined to make contracts, just
nd fair, for remaining with their former
In order to facilltite as much as possi
Is the apylication Po' pardons under the
xcepted sections of the Preshdent's Am.
Lcst-y Proclamation it is qtsted for Infor
nation that all applications must be by pe
ition, stating the exception, and aooui.
>anled with the oath ptesofibed., This -
ition must be first approved by the Provis
onal Governor, and then foiAded to the
?resident. The headquartqrs of the Pro
risional Governor will be at Greenville*,
where ll' communications to hin mnt'be
The newspapero of this .tate will publishk
his proelamation until the electlon for' men
)era of the Convention.
In.testimony. whereof, I have heretqnto.
set my hand and seal. Done 'at the
.1's.] town of Greenville, this 20th day of,
July, in the year. of our Lord 1861
and of the independence of the Unl-'
ted States thsd fnetieth. .
.U. F. PURRY.
By the Provisional Governor:
WILT[AN 1i. PunnT. krivate Soeretary.
A N N- U N C E M E N T S.
Mn. EITOa : The near approach of the
lay appointed for the eotiou of mnmbers to
.ho SteConycution, renders It properfor~qs
sonsider who we shall select tor that posi
tion. The'. deolensions which have taken
place very restrict the rango of selection.
XL this important juncture of- our affairs, it
skoqable that thoso whoarepeculiarly fitt,
'4topsrvo the people should be called forth,
[ k of-no one more suitabl'elJ all respects
han Mr. WILLIAM R. ROBERTSQN.
Ilis well known g09: sense, his moderation
>f opinions, his business talents, his untir
ing energy and practical sagacity point him
out as a'man who can do us good service. I
Ihurefore beg leave. to presen, his nwame. to
the people ; and I feel satislied that whilo
he does not seek the position his publio.spirt
it will induce himA to obey the mandate of his
fellow-citizens, who desire )is servioes.
aug 22'05-to BROAD Rivsn.
For tile coaveoation.
"Choose for the Convention your best a 4
truest men ; notV those who have skullied 11
the hour of danger-nor those who have
worshippod Mgrnon, while their -equatry
was bleeding at every 'pot'e-hot the p911ti
Mian, who, after urging *war; darod nc4 en.
oounter its ltardships-but these who had
laid their all upon the.altar ot the country.
Select such men andr inake Mene servo as
Ma EDTOL; From tio above stand
pqint of tile gallant VAUx IIAUPTO)I I an
nricofor the bonveution to be. held t6e
th $pteinber next, the following gentle
men, beie'ving they will boao6eptable to
QGN. JNO, DRATTON; -
Q04 R.A8'44 WEANSt,;
For: 0 4tseve unut.
"Chooss ftA*4 t949tion-y60 best slid
truieet4n.; ,ho to h v qulk I
the- hour,.qf Vi pr-nor ihose4 h ha
ioriliipped I while tbdl '0011a.
try .wap bli at. every'. 0er-Ap
thle politkolan L urgipg Sa ed
not. encount6r 1 I ipabIR hsdh
badli41d thair-,4d uRn the altr of thooxtxt.
tty~ S e ju ~ n, andmafksg '
in. IPt*z Nitv eeb l sd tV~h Me
imm6niet ipotiom of Ahe abovad4vids
of t the noble RHaszWvoN pI -reposeme a 4.*
koreef tho C;nteet og f9qzFairMl.
Dt, T. 14URhI
S q 5:404!u0 ort b
(A Gg oue