Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, August. 29, 1865.
e arer indebted to L. W. DuVa,,
Esq., for copies of M. Yak, Phuladel
phia aid Baltimore pner & *.
inst., copione extracts from vhich will
be found in our columns.
Also to Mr. SALPt WOLFE and Dr. J.
R. CooKE for similar favors.
We are authorized -to aihounco Litat
Mr. WYrraAN J. ALSTON is not- a can.
didate for the Convention. This an
nouncement is made as it is reported in
the District that Mr. ALSTON was a
The Baltimore American. says that
General Avis, lately in co'nod
of North Caitina, with headquarters at
Raleigh, has been ordered to relieve
Geneia HATC11, commanding the Dis
trict of Uharlestn, South Carolina.
At the sale of Government horses,
which took place in our town on Friday
last, the average price was $77.75.
%Some horses sold as high ,as $180
while soms others went for $25 and
Swim people, who are in the excepted
classes, nppear to be still* in doubt
whet her it is necessary for them to ap
ply for jiardon. We tell them that it is
ne'eessary, accoraiing to the edicts of the
anthorities ; and the sooner they do so
OLtvR WATERS of Cleveland county,
N. C., a whisk'ey pedlar, was killed in
an agray at Chester, S. C., a day or two
since by a man niamed KISTLYR, of said
At a public meeting in Chester, on
Monday last., Dr. A. P. Wri:iF, Major
C. D. M IEToN and James H it'n1t.1,
Esq.. were nominated as candidates for
We notice a paragrapl in our ex.
thanges that small pox has made its Ap
pearance in Charleston, S. C.
Saratog-, as we jtdge by the follow
ing items, must be decidedly a fashiona
ble place, at least in the faroline:
A-New Yorker has lost $40,000 at
faro at Saratoga.
- A Troy man has won $25,000' at
faro at Saratoga.
The Darlington qoutherner says 24'0,
. oaths have been taken in that District.
Some might say "what profanity" but
we have had thirty-three hundred and'
thirtythree given here lately for which
no forms had been printed.
Everybody and his brother were in
town on Friday last to invest in Gov
ernment stock,-and he and his brother
aid invest. To the surprise of all the
rest of the community, those two indi
viduals had moeney,-yes, had mnuch
money. Well, man is ,a queer animal,
:ndividumally, butt socially he is in infinite.
. queerer. His arithnmetic 'is like him
elt, very gneer. B efore SnuMAxx
tat., ery body had nothing. After
thtGeneral arnd hiis small body guard
left (of course that little crowd couldn't
eat muich,) there was very little moro
than the nothing that' was on hand Ue
fore ; lnt after the whole fuss "busted"
np.. fract iotas were inadequate to express
the inkuiteimnal reduction. As we
gazed upon that great crowd around the
aintioner that' day, and thought of'how
many coulil once' command thousands,
apd tow could not raise hundreds. we
,fltinl4a ieditation that need not here
beiniserted. But the male begins, and lo I
-what telde plse? 'Why the hun'dreds
begin fo pour out.. Homes, Govern"
tuent stock, frowii ~a Roelnante tip to a
Buceplus, are kuonke|I ow for cash..
2he ah oomnes,-asd-.-ell, bydy, we
~w that the d'y isa ~ aing
- te fidsttiona 4
~ne s'ystem of' taxation, t~
zt61 have itini m16~r 4
merits of whatever is's
ftibjet fQr their consideration. Ne d-e
Stq intentd to puggeet s iystem,; bpt to
tako a few stiggestions upon o r two
)TCA The whoe sel-az d hato. -
Aon is. now notoriously at fault. Some'
iew system is greatiy needed. There I
q '_ poh. patiiarly to which it is
lesirable that the minds of the people be
lirected, and thmt is the propriety of tax
ing specie. . It can be chosen, we think,
that such taxation is desirable on ac.
count of the advantage to the whole
public, which is the fundamental princi.
pie of all taxation. The subject is mere
ly alluded to with the hoee that it nray
receive general consideration.
- The Convention.
The time for electing members to our
3tate Convention, says the Yorkville
ltnquirer, is near at hand,when we hope
i large vote will be polled -From all
%plplearances the people are preparing
Ahemselves for the change before them,
and the more readily that the garrisons
have been generally removed, at least
From the up-country. There are, per
baps, some who are not willing to take
blie oath, and go into Convention, and
,alk resistingly, but these are generally
f that class who took canre, when occa
sion offered to "snuff the battle afar off."
r believe the Convention will be a
bamonious one, though great changes
have to be made in the Constitution ; be
sides the slavery clause, the election of
Governor and President will have to be
given to the people, as in all the other
States, and the Parish system of Repre
sentation equalized with that of the en
tire State. It is useless for any %et of
mien to counsel inaction - the oath must
be subscribed to, and the sooner our pno.
ple enter into civil Government the better
it will be for black and white--.espeoinlly
ihe.former, who seem to be but illy in
structed as to what are their rights, un
der military law.
We regret to see that there is about
to be some conflict of authority in South
Carolina, between the Governor's ap
pointments and the military. heI
re-appointment of tie old State officers
by Gov. Perry has caused some dissat
isfactio n.-Charlotte Dai -
Where in the world did you get your
information, brother Democrat. W1re,
living in South Carolina know voting
of a conflict of authority in -our State.
The above is news to -us. There is no
doubt of a mitake about the matter, or
an attempt of soine enemy of the South
to produce discord and contention among
ltore in authority in every State within
her borders, as in Virginia.
Destitution in Charleston.
The Philadelphia IAquired pubilishes
the following extract from a prirate
letter received in that city from a Sister of -
Charity dated Charleston,South Carolina,
'Many hundreds of the citizena who
have been accustorped to all the luxuries
of life have been compelled tosue for and
live on Government rations.-- Even
these have been stoppedl. Could you
but see these delicate ladies in houses
void of furniture, reduced to the wash.
tub and cook-pot, your heart wponld bleed;
still more' wheni you refleet they have no
means of procuring the bare necessaries
of life. A fest who- were in .business
before and during the war are making
attempts to regain a footing, but. the
plagting population around Charleston
are destitute of everything.
God alone knows the full tide of misery
whlich has sot in on these people. Ve
see a part of it but not11I. Still, if wve were
made tbhe miediutn-of assistance tio them,
we c-uld reaoh the bulk. We invite
the co-dperatiouiof your citizens in this
work for thie relief of these people,
who will inevitably die of starvation if
not assisted.' Thi* is a oause of humanity
therefere personis'of all opinionk thay
unite im it.
Ihqpe tfus appeal will not be iiirain,
and that you will be able to forward, ere
long, pioofs of the good will of 'youk city
for eiilerigwhereyqr'foind. '
-Co*went of oeur ary, Chatleron,
-~ Ge by our eichtaau
vJihsYt4I~ ost Can be I it
3Y whih imolasses is manufa4ttite4 kin
ndinn cbrn--ng the sorgh'unrMt't
talk, but an article derivd troith6
trpin itself, of a gpnalitbit'i inferior to
'it extracted frbm the 1st ceae, and
ossessing the proper.y of novferrhenta
ion to a degree which, if not entire. is
emarkably devoid of that natural pro
es in favor, body, color and sacharino
iropetties. This article bears the most fat
orablo comparison -with any kind or
vhich we are cognizant, and we enter
in the opinion that it will becomn.t
avorite with the publi-.
Brownlow the Amiale.
Parson-we beg pardon-Governor
3r.ownlow, is somewhat fanious for the
spprities and bitterness which have
iaracterized his dislikes and discus
;ions. To such extremes has he indul
3d in unmeasured and unsparing denun.
iations of all with whoml he has been
rought into controversial collision, that
, is the "gene'ral impression of people
knowing him only by reputation that
ie has an unforgiving disposition and a
vindictive austerity of temper that ren.
lers him a most undesirable enemy.'
Yet it may be that Brownlow has been
.wp harshly judged. What has been
Inputed to hin as fierce intolerance and
-indictiveness may be but an eccentric
ink in his nature which makes him in
ippearance what, in fact, lie is not. At
il events, the incident which we are
ibout to recite presents him in a point
f view in which we recognize him as a
inqd hearted and generous foe-very un
ike tihe PAnsoN BROWNLOW so often
-opresented by his opponents.
In a letter recently written by the
4overnor to the Knoxville TWhVIg, with
which, it seems. he is still in editori.
0 connection. he thus describes a meet
ng that he had just, had with one of
'enncssee's formerly most distinguished
itizens. The following extract is very
,reditable to the Governor and very in.
eresting to the reader :
I have had a long interview with
John .ell. He is ten years olJer, in
tppearance, than when the war began.
Iis teeth are out, and that affects his
speech. His hair and whiskers are
very gray, and he is very much stoop.
ad, and leans upon his staff like an ol
n11an is expected to do. I treated him
very kindly. He talks very freely about
the rebellion and in opposition to it.
Ile says the Secessionists in the Soitih
are all lunatics without any lucid inter.
vals-that is to say, they are crazy all
the time. I believe it is a prinmciple in
law, that ifA 1amm1ic ha've- lucid intervas
At tines, he lb responsible for acts per.
petrated in those intervals. And medi
Dal writers say that himatics without lu.
uid intervals are incurable.
I accompanied the old gentleman to
he headquarters of General Thomas,
and after a short but agreeable interview
with the General there tle old gentle.
nau took the amnesty oath, and placed
iimself right on the record.
- . . 7
Congressmen from Virglnia.
A correspondent of the Richmond
Bulletin, writing from Waalhington,
gives hisaviews very frankly of the duty
4fthe people of the South, so far as poli
y. is concerned. Hie sas:
"I have learned enough Since my ar
'ival herre to satisfy me that the great
duruggle when Congress meets will le on
the question of admitting the Southern
representatives to their seats. 'Yon:
may rely upon this ;.if any man elected
to Congress from thme South whose "loy.
dmty" during the war was not above re
proachi, he will be refu.ed admittance.
majority of such rejections will place
the south in a condition of non-represen
sationt in' Cougress, 'and will -contiq~ue
military Government in the States. It
>ehooves your electors,, thereforo, to pre.,
pare to meet the Radicals upon this is
nue by electing these who can pass mus
ter. As the Flrench say, e'est que le reca
ni~i er pasieout.- Your first stepamust
be to secure representation in Congress.
That done1 the way will be ulear for the
turs developmenta of your policy.
Justice to Mr. Johnson requires this at
he hands ofiethe,South, and it is to-be
hoped that they will tiot fail to elect
meon who were .not identified with the
Confedera. -citue !Iu. poley. 4y
manmds the~ anty~orpeope shodld1Agi.
outh'won t~h ve de~
n the coeb o~r 4
r 'r uno 4f b
Balt~mi kaa ag vriting ondel date
of thg41. ii~f., uf
A sight was iitnessed on the caial
bank this evening at the font of Tenti
street. Over 100 Swedes, men, women
:11nd" children, healhhy, robust looking
peopic, with red cheeks and shnrp-toed
shoes, were uniting to. takn tho boat for
it farm ill Goochland. The first -immi
grants front Swede'n arrived here on the t
15th of M-ay, twenty-two in number,
and the next iot, it is supposed, will
ntmbei several hundred. [hey go to a
farm upon which a beautiful little village
has alkeady been built for them, and on
one of the whitecottages is "Stockholm"
in hirge letters, a name that will rejoice
their eyes. The colored people, of
whom there were a good many standing
arbnd this newly arrived "labor," sem 'n-.
ed .very much disgusted at the. turn
things has taken. A great many re
marks were made, in hope of discour.
aging the Swedes, but as they didn't
understand a word of English they were
all lost~to them.. A favorite expression
was, "Whtt you all come from your
rich country down here whar we's poor I
as nuffin'." The idea with the negroes
was that they were from the North; but
while they missed where they came
from, they were smart Niough to know
what damage their arrival here does the
colored race. - These emigrants get $12,
a month for the males, and 88 a month
for the feialtn, and fed. . No male re -
ceives pay unless he'is over fifteen years
Co Nsst.ssON Diaci.iNE.-Governor
Pierpoint has declined to give a com
mission to Brigadier General Wim. C
Wickman, 'who was elected a magis
trate in fanovel. His Confederate of
flce debars him from serving under the
We make the following extracts from
a correspondence of the Yorkville En
quirer, written from Chest-r, under date
of August 13, which our readerd will
find somewhat interesting .
Our hapless community has, for two
months, heen whirled about "the un.
willing spirit of circumstance and pas
sion." First, we had with us Captain
Brown, with a detachment of the 9th
Ohio cavalry. Their policy was to
fraternize entirely with the colored breth
ren. They held the ultra northeri doc
trine that a "white man is as good as a
negro if ho beliav'es himself." Through
the teaching of sonic of these men, the
negroes were led to believe that the
Agrarian doctrine was to be the law of
the land-that this Fall there was to be
a grand. "divide" of everything. In
pursuance of their supposed rights, the.
negroes in a good many places aetually
marked out their respective shares of
God's.green earth, in some instances
squabbling among themselves as to the
quantity of wood land, arable hind,
&c., to which they were respectively
entitled. - -
"After an administration of several
weeks, Capt. Brown was relieved by.
a Captain-a DutV.hman-whose - name
is beyond my orthography, He, the
Dutchman; was as far on one , extreme,
as Captl. Brown had beeni on 6he other.
A few days after his arrival, lie enlled
a mass meeting of the citizens of theI
Dietrict, and delivered himself in a quito
lenigthy speech, in whlich lIj represented
that the rightsof the white man as em- 1
ployer, were far greater and more ab~so
hatethan had ever b'een the righats of the
master under the State law - His ree
dy for all improprieties on the part, of
the negro was to knocjc him down, and
if that did not suaice, to kill him. The
resumlt of his teaching was, that a good
many men who had got behind in the
matter of pimishing their negroes durmng
Capt. Browads admmistration, went horne
and brought up the average itnmediate- .
"Capt. Dutchman's reign was a short
one-only about a week, lie was suo
ceeded by an interregnumn, during which
Lie remus of power were in the handa of
a home . organization with Mr. 'G; J..
Patterson, a discreet and equitale gen-, ~
tleman, at its ha.d. Ding' the two
weeks that we had matters in our nm
hands, quiet and order reigned,
streets were not filled with va nd
freedmen, ahd things began so a f
more satisfactory aspect..
'un the midst of this die ~.ther.
garnisoi came down upoA ' nmand
edby: Capt. Bleimette of n Indiana
regiment, '.Capt Bonne and . apt.
%aes, Provoast ehl. ith the men
4t dr their gotntnn uacted th'em.
Ev~ nthmo.1V ly fetner,
ad iamh 4VO.,uuIt gc
iTon vgtddhn aoepaf, e Ir 6
liscipline tQ hq them o
."Our. peoplo are Tpidly restorin
selves to 'th position of good' on4'
oval citizens by meaint of the Ainekty
)at.h. True, there 4re some men who
ive a considerable distance from ihe'bi
ond, and who are still keeping. waI
nd. ward over the dead' body Of slater,.
he refie to talct.the oath, bhacustr,.
ny they, they will thereby tdnk that
heir negroes are free I
"W e had some amusement here some
ime ago in getting up a petition 'tq
?recident Johnson for the restoration of
ivil government. -The fun consistedin
eariig the petty quibbles of -tlbode who
vere averso to signing any thing.-.,
)ne great quibble was. that in tho
>etition. tho war was called a "civil
var." I uiink Webster's Dictionary
mswers this very contlusively. Ano.
her was that secession was not an "ap.
>eal to the God of.Batdes:" Th, peti.
ion stated "our State, contrary to tho
Iarnest remonstrances of many of ns, ap
waled to the God of Bttles." On the
lsumption that secession was a "peace
ble remedy." their criticism wasrigh't;
aut I am of opinion that the events of
he last four years have rathor knocked
he bottom out of that doctrine. Some,
mnd it. is almost incredible, in fact, so
nuch so, that I would rather tell it to
narines than to sailors, objected :to
ign ing because the sentence: "We
herefore, humbly submit," began wish
L small "w" instead of a capitaf "W)'
Lt spite, hovever, of all these forniidA.
>lo criticisms, the potition was a Com-:
ileto success. Over six hundred of op.'
Nood and true men as there are in or ou
)f the State, signed it. And when
30., Pary wia in Washitigton, Preii
lent Johnson hunted up the . document
md showed it to him, with the state.
nent that in point of lnngnage and
orep, it was superior to anytihing-of-th
cind that had been forwarded from the
"Chester is beginning to assume its
>11 appearance. The doors on the pubble
iquaro that have ieen closed so . long
tre opening up. All departments ot,
>siness are being revived. Cotton.iis
'Viniing in quite freely, and in cteo -
luence therhof. gold is quite plenty.A
3old or silver is the only. circulating
nedium. People sre instinctively.,afrai5
of 'greenbacks. They quote in justift.
,ation thereof, the old saw, that- "a
)urnt child dreladi the fire," Most oftheni
;ot burned with Confed., andnow they
ire indisposed, to handle anfthing.b l
he metallic currency.
"Corn crops bid fair to be. ntr abuw
lant, than they have been- fhr m tv'
rears. A blessed thing for the- hi&:
Ireds of freedmen who will ipevitvi-fr
>e homeless and wandering nesty& ..
[f onr Lngislatore-, when -it . heets/cAsa
mucceed in making wiser laws fe&. tb
rovernment of this chks,, I do note. en
irely despair of once more seeing pros
ierity within our bord, re.
- The.Mississippi. 0avzntfor.
Private acceunts :receIVed in 'Wash.
ngton report muherch. e dtig
'Ccent dehates in tho Mississippi 06
iont ion upon. t* stavery question, s;'e
)f the member, delu3g tat te.1 ,ie
6nld not th-e horiedly befored pon
hie South, while othesdogataed e is
he subject res altogeher. O .Frig
ast it was resolved 'by the eoep ety o
hat the ol clia.e in the Constttaqio -
'elating to slaves shonkd be stuk dek~
mit when it-eanw to pnttingi
C these .a stipnietiern that skyery
to longer exs* therpnwasa fierce epQ
ition;,-and a isn'a adjournmnt -,~i
etiton. No doubta sunqjoriy of the eqa'
-ention wedul$ be wery glad to strike di~'
he inmmatral claies at presen~t Ii the
Jonstitnsioni, and. let' te attr'
here, but that willings a'atig'
hort of total pfrohibitiot, '
aiet Miss., dugusd j:be~
loigconstilttioal irn itedent'his
int p'ssd thuecoinet
ighiv4si1 to elevmnia d
The inistit ati n ery havin beenU
eatroyed itn State of Mi ip& '
*either a .li nor' involqhtary se
'ide, .'iethan forthet hisnitio~
fwhereof the pat:illbe dny
toted, shafl. hereaf'tuef thi
lte ; and the legiistti n ext
lesion, and thereaftets tl1 blie wet.
ire miay require, shall pro*ide by law
>r the protection and *euiy 6i the
ersonsind prop~tje thu fhaedtgfen
f'the Stater egnA a~~ .d te
tate .gtitsst any evi a pshyM se
r 5enau deafmteV '