Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, September 12, 1805
The Convention meets to-morrow, in
Columbia. We will have a regular re
port of its proceedings from a special
The trains on the Charlotte & South
Carolina railroad now run within sighit
'of our town. The managers of the
road tell us they"will have the ttains
running into town by to-morrow, (Wed
nesday,) at the farthest.
The Charleston Daily News of the
5th says that the election in that city for
members to the.State Convention.pa'
ed off very quietly-there beitg no par.
ty feeling or excitement in the contest.
The following gentlemen have been
<elected members of the State Conven.
tioi from St. Phillips' and St. Michaels,
Charleston District,.S. C., by the annex
Hon. Chas. Macbeth, 881 ; Ion. 11.
D. Lesesne, 863 ; W. H Gilliland,.862;
P. C. daillard. 845 ; James Connor,
838; J. A. Wagner, 735; H. Gourdin,
'126 ; C. H. Simonton, 69.8 ; F. Melch
era, 690; W. S. lHenery, 656 ; G.. W.
Williams, 639; Hon. Edward Frost,
606 : 0. A. Andrews, 501 ; Hon. Al.
fred Huger, 560 ;-Wm. Ravenel,,556 :
PJ.. Cogan. 468; W. At. Martin, 467;
Rt. Rei. P. N. Lynch, 457 ; Hon. Jne.
Scfinierle, 455 ; James Rose, 454.
The vote at Newberry 0. H1., S. C.,
as we learn by the Herald, stands as fol.
lows. The District yet to hear from
E. P. Lake, 183; Robt. Stewart, 132;
7-. Sumner, 125 ; J. H. Williams, 103;
E S. Keit , 82.
We learn that on Friday, 'Sch inst., a
white man (name ndtknown)-a Texan
by birth and home-was publicly shot
at Newberry C. H.. S. C., by an order
from a drum-head court martial, by a
detachment of the 33d United States
Colored Troops, for an attempted mur
der of one of the troops. - It seems that
the Texan nearly severed the negroe's
head from his body, cutting from the
'back of his neck roumd to the jugular
vein, beside6 stabbing him several times
about-the face. At last -accounts the
negro was no, dead, but it was positively
set forth by physicians that he could not
A Word About Freedmen.
The extraordinary change which has
taken place in the condition of the color.
ea people of our country, renders it im
perative upon every citizen 'who his the
well-being of our State at heart, to use
every ef'ort to aid in adapting them to
the change. Many of the colored peo.
ple are absolutely incompetent to appre
ciate the c'hange, and it~s bearing upon
their condition. Next winter will be
peculiarly trying to them. WVithout the
Providence necessary to provide for'thie
inier man, and lay up- for a day, many
are apt to ~squander their earnings and
pave the way for beggary before the in
elemencied of the wmnter are past.
With poverty will come the temptation
to theft, against which it is the intellect
of overy one to guard.
The rew relation in which the negre
* s placred, demands of hinm peculiar duties.
No longer in that relation in which he
was made the. peculiar care of'his form
er master, he will add greatly to the
Scomfort and immunities of 'his'present
situation by being respectf'ul honest and
isqdutrious. Letthofe ' e to
bl~ 'that'- they ma~y reap not
Whatever ynight have beena the pro.
#eette uhte groi'tto in wealth a'nd gran
4our of cte UniteO 8tates, befbo ;theo
et. watjthat rogres was utxionbtedly'
aorimpsded by the the pan,
is. Iwe jud ~ Mfrpw
a sist cnfeest 'Ot s havedid
~thatha must take .bsand ph*lo0-itp:
view Of th'e situation who would in some
measure be reconciled to it.
It ill-becomes a man who .studies the
progressive greatness of nations, to
weave a web of prejudice and puerile
revenge, and pass judgment upon the
whole from the preti~ises he derives from
his circumscribed limits. He must for.
get himself, or view himself as he really
is, a mere atom.
This is the spirit which must actuato
every man now who has been compelled
by the fortunes of war to resume his al
legiance to the United States. It does
not rehuire hint to fawn upon the gene
ral Government. It does not signify
that he must go into ecstacies of Uni6n.
loving joy. It is-no compromise of his
dignity or self respect to act in this spir
it. t does, not mean that lie would
represent himself as a consistent Union
man during the war. The maost con.
spictous' men engaged in opposition to
the United States can thus enjoy a con
.emiplation of the progress of the Union.
With these preliminary remarks we
advance the proposition that it is the
duty of cvery man to add his mite in
enhancing the power and respectability
of the Union. - So intimately interwo
ven now. is his interest witit that of the
whole country, that to benefit her is to
benefit himself. But more of this anon.
J. L. PENNINGTON, editor of the
Raleigh, (N.C.,) Progress, is out in a long
card announcing his intention to run as
candidate for the North Carolina State
Convention. His "platform" is annexed:
If elected to the State Convention I
shall favor all measunres calculated to re
store civil law throughout the State to
restore the State to the Union and to
relieve our peolo of military rule.
I shall most cheerfully and zealously
support the administration of President
Johnson and the administrat.ion policy
of Gov. Holden.
I shal advocate the election of Gov.
Holden to the office he now holds by
the appointment of the President, when
the people shall be called on to elect a
In or out of the Convention I shall
oppose negro suffrage. I shall advocate
the enactment of laws for the protec
tion of the person and property of the
colored man, but I in opposed to ex
tending him the right of suffrage or any
other political privilege more than he
I shall oppose the assumption or pay.
ment, aby the State, of any debts or
bqands, State bonds, Confederate bonds
or County bonds, issued for the prosecu.
tion of the rebellion.
I shall favor the settlement of all
debts of an individual character, con
tracted during the rebellion, upon ajust,
fair and equitable basis.
I shall favor the insertion of a clause
in our State Constitution declaring
slavery or involuntary servitude, unless
as a pimishment for crime, forever abol
ished in North Carolina.
I give these outlines of my political
principles for the benefit of such of my
conservative friends as may have been
influenced or prejudiced by the false
hoods anid slanmdgra that h ave been circu
lated against me, but I will give th-em
more in detail before thle people.
Tna SAE ox' FsmmnA.-The sale of
Government property attracted the
largest crowd of citizens wye have seen
in towvn, since the advent of Robinson's
old circus ; many came from afar, from
the burnt district, in hope of picking up
something cheap to replenish their ex
hausted farm stock,. the consequence of
wilich competition was, that horses,
mules, 'wagons, &c., brought good pri.
ces, with but few exceptions. We learmn
that the stile footed up some $7000 to
$8000. All of the property on hand
wads not sold, and it may be probable
that anorther sale will take place 'at a
future day. In -connection, and as a
peico of information of interest, we would
state, that the total aimount of' cotton
received and turned. over to the Gova
erntment, by Col. Tyler, is. thmree .i
dred arnd elevens bales.
The maniaging direot'or of an indue~n.
tidl company in France, formedindet
thb,us ices of tlge FrenchGovenntuo
S mn .dsv~iopmg the resourmq;eo
Applications for Pardon.
His Excellency, Governor Perry, has1
furnished us with the following rules to
he observed in making applications for
The Petition must be addressed to
His Excellency, Andrew Johnson, Presi
dent of the United States.
It should state the residence, . oc
cupation and age of the applicant.
Whicl of the fourteen exceptions lie
is liable to, and that lie is excluded
from the clemency of the Anuesty
Proclamation by none of the excep.
Let him state fairly and truthfully,
any circumnstinces which may etititle
him to Executive clemency. ,
Ho must express his loyalty to the
Union, and his purpose in good faith,
to preserve and maintain it for the
He must state that no proceedings
have been taken out against him or his
property under the confiscation act.
There are two oaths to be endorsed
or accompiny his Petition-one that he
has read the Amnesty Proclamation,
and is not liable io any other of the
fourteen exceptions, than those stated in
his Petition-the other oat h is that
prescribed in the Amnesty Proclamation
of President Johnsgn.
Where any person is in -doubt, as to
whether his taxable property amounts
to over twenty thousand dollars, it is
safe to make application for a pardon
and 'state his doibts. The Yalnation of
the property must be at tihe date of
President Johnaon's Proclamation. All
property nmitst be included which is liable
to be taxed, lands,money at interest,
Bank stocks, &e.
It is not necessary for Post Masters,
who were not appointed by the President
awl approved by the Senate of the so
called Coifederate Government to apply
for pardon. They were not so appointed
unless their parquisites ainonted, to
$1500. It is understood the Attorney
Generitl has decided as above stated.
As to what partivipation in the rebel.
lion renders an application necessa'ry, it
may be answered, any "directly or in
The Petition should be written on
foolscap paper, and folded twice, with
the vriting, and not across it.
The uiame of the applicant, and noth
ing more, should be -ndoresed on lie
Petition after being folded.
All applicatiois made to the Provis
ional Governor will be forwarded by him
to the President, unless otherwise
RIor AT CAnSTFn.- The Darlington
Southerner, of the 26th ultinmo, ias
sttement that a riot occurred at ' tes
ter C. H., in this State, on the 12th,
between colored soldiers and citizens.
Welgive the statement as it appears in
- It appears that on the. day named,
(12th,) many of the citizens from all
parts of the District had met on spe
cial public business, . and anong them
many who had been in the Confederate
arny. Colored troops, who were sta
ioned there, took every opportunity of
insulting thein by jostling against them,
or saying soinething very offensive.
Eventualy', the parties insulted were
forced to resent the indignities put upon
them, and-a general. fight took place
between thme citizens and the negro
troops, in which three of the latter were
killed and many on' both sides Wound
ed. As soon as the riot was qhmelled, the
Provost Marshal sent the .troops from
INFS TIONOR 'NRH 'UT.-We
are glad to observe t4.disposition on the
part of sorne of the Conservative journals
of the North, particularly on the part of
the NATt iona1'Jielligene& at W ashinmgton
to call upon the Genieral Government
to indicate, as wes>.provided by old
laws, certain journhis in the States late.
lin arms against it, ifr'which The lawrs
of Congress passed during~ the war andl
up to the p resent times may be published
for the imformation 0f th~ ISoithen pee
ple. That people 'osftl41mc'rant
of mny~ of th&, ?nnA n of he 'lasp
two Congresses. Tle seligencer 4otes
this fact to be0 patent by the number
of Applications thbM'e~h them for
most'important inte ng,o~ of this des
cription. We are p#e ty :nach as, emi
grants gewivarrive4I etranag .laind,
andWit oufd be au ~tr *bjWh the.
$othm woulds inoerely Gprca~if tk.
Suirelary of 8 tsol~j ~ his
to bet done.-:Gohsw '3?t
[From the Petersburg Express.]
A portion of the Riciimond press has
recently, in speakitg of the disastrous
results - tio Virginia by the secession
inovenient, very truly laid all our suf.
feringe at the door of South Carolina.
That State is qnquestionably chargeable
with the whole catalogue of woes by
which we have been afflicted, and un
der which we are still,,and will be for a
long time. groaning. Previous to the
election of Lincoln, her leading polti.
cians, her press and her peoplk had. for
years, been manifesting a spirit of disaf.
fection for and hostilty to, the Federal
Government, which brooded only multi.
plying troubles to the country. Hatred
of the Union was the universal feeling
in that State, and it was not concealed.
It was evident long before the election
of 1860,'that sie would eagerly embrace
the first favorable opportnnity for prac.
tically carrying out her cherished scheme
of a "Southern Confederacy." The
triumph of the Abolitionists in the eloc
tion of Mr. Iiicoln was received in
Charleston . with uproarious rejoicings.
Why ? Because it afforded what was
pronounced to be good ground for sepa
ration from the North, and the occasion
was embraced in tlie hotest kind of haste
for precipitating upon t.he South the
issue which for more than a quarter of a
<:entury had been threatening to involve
the two sections of the Union in bloody
conflict. South Carolina was a unit for
rccession. There were scarcely a hun
dred of her people whose hearts wore
not thoroughly and irreclaimably enlist.
ed in its favor. They would listen to
no appeals or argumens addressed to
them from without in behalf o( temper
ate and conciliatory measures. Vir
ginia, at that time, was decidedly, over.
whelmingly, opposed to disunion. We
did not think that secession was the
remedy to be applied in the case.* We
thought that, as Mr. Lincoln had been
fairly ind- constit.iitionally.elected, (how.
ever-obnoxions the platform on which
he stood,) and that, as the South had
gone, into the election and was a party
to it,-we thought, that., in view of
these important facts, her proper course
would-be to abstain in .the onset from all
resistance and -to 'vXait until the new
President should commit an overt act
that would justify a resort to extreme
n-asures for self.protection. AI'his %was
what. we conceived to be the wisest al>d
safest policy, and we accordingly urged it
with all our ' humble ability in the long
interval which clapsed . between the
ele-tioni and the inauguration of Mr.
Lincoln. Bitt notjting could restrain
South Carolina. Abutting her eyes to
consequences and'her cars to moderate
oouusels, she determined to plunge heels.
over head into the fiery abyrs, under the
lamentable delusion that she would
emerge not only in safety but. wit
glory. EaRch of the other Cotton Statee
hesitated in being the first to "break the
ice" in the affair, but allpf them as good
as pledgom) themselves to follow the one
that would be -bold enough toiset the ex.
ample. So South Carolina instantly
went to work, and in six weeksafter the
news of Lincoln'a election had beet re.
,ceived in Charleston, she was, as uch
out of the Union as an Ordinasce of Se.
cession, passed by a Convention of her
people, coul put her. Six othier Sitates
rapidly followed suit.- The Border
States held ,back for a while and 'Vir
ginia, especially, was slow and 'reluctans
to throw herself into the boiling perilous
waterp. .It was not until- tle last me
mont, when *he coeuld -not longer pro .
tract her decision, that she; in an 'eyil
hour-, joined the ill-st.arred Confederacy
--and in so doing~ exposed herself to the
brarit of -the ,gigantic and desolatin'g
war which was then comnmenoin. In
South Carolina the Ordinance of Seces
sion was greeted with the un~iversal :ac-.
clamnations of the people. .It was haieod
with enthiusiastic delight and'with pub.
hiovejoiemngs from one end *t the-other
of heriland. flow little did it entollito
the thotuqhts of the shiouters that their
soigs' of joy would be ehmig~e4 itohbit
ter wadmig., and thai thtie'delig$as
direai of an independezt, ~pwrtauf
prtsperous "Southern ' pfeero
#ould end in such -4e apU~t
relities as are these wh4b'pis
tto the, ploture of ththV.jl
onurishinig State. oiaOt
Carolina of 1860 tiih ti~~i 4.
imd~f 186&. an4 h6 *n
m19ttIful the ohange ws ' four
itethvenfl yegrs .ha*e wOne
ow| '~%hrl~on ipe H
'9 , ity and
sines. Of $20,000,000 in railroads no
dividends can be expected. Of Ave-,
thoumnd houses in Charleston ;fif.eert
hundred have been burned, and oth:ere
almost frreparably damaged. Of estates
of decendents and minors, and of proper
t Lin litigation, four-fifths ate reprusented
by Oonfederate securities, and are thom
fore valueless. Of our many merchants.
lately of large capital stud unblemishedl
credit, few havd assets to pay the small'
debts against them at the bogInning of*
the war. Of the many large and valua&-.
ble estv.tes in Beanfort District-and- the
adjacent islands, all have been abandon.
ed, and many have been sold for taxes.
Of the large cotton estates still further
from the seaboar , many have been
desolated. Of the cottoi on hand at
the beginning, and raised during the
war, (amounting in value to at least
$20,000,000,) the larger portion has
been taken or destroyed. Of tbe stock.
horses, hogs, cattle, farming implements,
utensils and furiiture- and silverware, all
but an inconsiderable amount have been
consumed, destroyed or taken. Of &li0
money in the hands ofour-citizens a the
commencement of the war, or accroing
from the sale of property, or the prac
tice of professions, or the payment of
debts, all has been vested in securities,-.
of which nine-tenths have 'no possible.
value. 01 the debts uncollected, few
are expected to 17e paid. Of ;he funds
of churches, colleges, charitstble institni
tions and societies, all also, or nearly all,
have been stink., Of tlo lands of the
State not held by the government, little
has any market value. Into this fright.
ful gilf of ruin .has also been ae t the
value -of four hundred thousand slaves,
estimated a few years since at $200,.
000,000. And 'thus, therefore,ot the
$400,000,000 worth of property in this
State in 1860, but little more thian 0,
000,000 now remains. " ;
"Sovon-eigths of her operty lost, her
fairest citys in, ashes, her soi.1 in every
direction pierced, torn and -blasted by
the red ploughshare of war, thousands of
sons slai0 and other thousands maim'ed
and crippled for life, her homesteads de.
stroyed, her people impoverished
these are'the fruits of the tree of Seces.
sion, which she planted and waterell to
maturity I But- she is not alone in her
sufferings. Ten other States. misled by
her example, are sitting in sac k.clotle
and ashes alongside of -her, sorroving
over the black aud'dismal spectacles of
ruin and misery within theiselvds,
which rise before them in every direc
DUTY OF SOUTH EnN CONVRNTioNS.
We eudorse the following from the re
marks of tbe Nab-lhez Courier upon the.
Convention nlow in' session in, the.
"The wok for the Convention seems
simple enough. The very fh't of the
election iof delegates to a Gonventiow gal,
led for such purpose as avowed, is a
declarattion by the people that they ao
cePt the tenn offered by the President.
ana wish -to Td'usie th.Ir dities as
eitizens of the United States. COugmli.
ance with these terms coisists'simply in
faithfnily Supporting the Constitution
And the Union, .and gnuanteeirig; 6e.
dom to th. negro. The flist pa-tof
heviodition is ooigiied with, or ratlier
the evdneof sueh templiance is given,
by each individual, in'takag he~ aaes
oath ; and the second part Is allt,hat as
left for the' q9#vmnton tQ fulfdh a This
is short and sipe hr is nothing in
it~that ought to 6dei y the- Convention
more than two) day4 ropn the. day. ofits
orgamimationi. Thset. eed-be fib review
of our late past. $tdrynanj'm~nbers
enouigh. -.)eloo e ome~front decel1
matrons gnd;,eoI ~boult ,"negro auf
fage," or sy~thitrg relating to the fmtste
of the seogro, except& the mnattox of ihe.
doi.a All disoussion relat p
else b~t tleq Wptldituend y
possibility, acomplish ag hbut.
6 ~&hat hat ledge eparoth hiis
Sb fl' GEOUGIA -- Hoirurr.
01LARES. 43 KYOND ArL- mtUS.
a ro.--The S.aainsh Hanwsaye:
ell Cobb, 'who was in Augusta-se.
s eiressed 'an -eardest desire to
tln a rlyn t rmer oit lIon
ihe.k tw., Sitrhe qusaid coal
cut for all, smit, romnt d will
:911a t3 t d tfeson josa
ces& es a tearfkr