Newspaper Page Text
T o 1.0 l it' pron-etwn ofpA so anld
prny' , a.d to gmrd. sociely agaiust
agisHiespasses,, ret lintidt) vi, nas
saIssia1111ts-it will h :ndfsensably
necessiry to modify tHi riles Of evi.
dfnce so as to per&iit the ne'gro-to tesi
fv iD all cases where his righ s of per.
son 'and property. arc inM Iv(Ld.
The labor of the' negro in lhe Sh re
is ie nded. if not to till etiu'oil, iln somi
other useful enploymet-:-lr iht- eil.
ture of cotton and ricive, nill, in :ll tie
onenial occnpationi, it is4 Ver.r i l
whethiser any layiborer -i h.- ecnogi. v. li
in Euro'pe Ucij suppifly hi' plic'. i.
Iong and Iltoroiugh triinbig ill itie'so em
ployvmeiis g 4iim it certi skill an!
tie' inipv' nce a ihetr (I sneh a p hei
,h .f :llel - v iix N. I c I.. I
i f i'Ir .I, pI l -ii r4 : 1 im ,, li. e
g rl, ;1 l In l -- ,;1 ;!- ' h i
Bill hwr. is nuom I 11- r coid01eI r;atIi Ir
prmti g M-to ISleislatev ho -y :n1l
i.:lv~ fur 'lw lcc'rro. HeIt hi::,heenl beri
- . re: - I flint 1 ts. afill w illic i h e
tillrfill.)teu %, Iilit I I hat ilnp hi
inferiorit.v. to ie whife num. h., peisoe'
.ses h(1'er's thiat illvite our re'speti. A
a class diring tihe var, their; lI)y.al v It
their owiters and to society was worthy
of tle highest comminlation. lit if(
single insta-nce, even where thi- lav,
pjcilatiion. prepolidera tel over ObI
wiaites its anl hun1dred to onl(, wV:As..r
nil o ltbreak or inirreclion01 . W it h i
fill knowledg oi iheir p:irt If the imi
filoe of ilit enelil 'st, aild d'e';ep ;i1nde per,
s ial iierest rie 111(1 i i s i ne'. ih
i. 11o1 woelrld''ful ilat Iliem qIevy piri
sted iliir ilaor, i:md e'l oer jiy prodine d
lite s pplies t t hI-d ouir nii ni s? 11
there, h), reasoni to i-olplain thait the 110
gro has beei em ncipated, mi le ir on
of tie right wit it rest of Ili,- owncr.
slieh complaint canleoel he' lodge'ud newinlst
111m1; whateeie'ver ofi ill-ee'liig isls in
teitiids of te'- former owne rs. for thet
preselt st ite of a er is, Mi t jti tlit
it shoild be vested on hn. latiLres.
nld iummnity regnuire na to ireat hi
lindiv, andtu to elevate hin morlih' ati
intellectuallv : it wvill'nake him i bet tel
laborer. neighbor atid man. SmIeide'h
releived from the ristramts of the ser
vile condit.ion ii Which Ie was born an
reared, his ignoraice can excite Ito sir
prise ; not c.,j we hope that lit- will ('s
onr misit. nione are s1 d'e-ply iterstet
in enlight tening and elevating him m
The Consititution of he o Unii edSt au
recogmzed the property in slavcc, tic
oin appropriation was mated h\ Congres
to indc'mify slave owerlis, I : Iis
trict, of Columbiat . w it ,h% y c c
abolishlil there in 1861. I here
cherish tihe( hope t1wi oegn-ss - vill i:
soI te Mhe plblic <.ebt is pr'eal. f4r
make some just ain1. equitible ar ...Tc
ment, Lj make tI h- citizens of I lite . mhi
sotne compensat tion fer the slaves ii i
mitted by the ,lutled S ae ithoi'i ties
The puirstits of South1 Carolina hckv<
not heretofore beetI siliiently -dive'r
sifiliel A gietult nre was I lie great ba1si
news of the Statte. The iechiic, tI1
moanuifacturer, and the irtisani have to
beeni Acoetragedl to mnigrain hi her'i, ane
* te nat.ivef popn igoni have not lia ml~braek
hlas bieent thai moest of the pr';ceeds o
the tuvo great staple crops -cottonl cem
rice-have been: expended wigou~it thq
limits of the State, ine punrchasing snel
ne'cessat~y atticles as shuld ha~ve beet
fabricated or mnanufactured wiithiin, on
Every facility and en'outraegmt'n
shtouild be gi ven bly thle Siate gcovern
mie'tit andt~ by the pieoe-, toi wchoidrenle
f'romt lice N rceih I :i re IcoIiccrpfec c<
that. ibios gr.ncan eficehe ice skIill..<
Jibocr matcy, 'ct ant earely eli, he .supleh'ie
Uc[ner our formter avstemi oef leabor. im
mig~ratijohl wa's dico'utteieced fricee me
pijprehlenion~f tht. the'i immlier ccin-sv whe
tIla he e d in Ithe e cii- er. genl
oni ll n -- ~f 'l '.-y Frecce v ci kie e..
-I f -cte il i, e1 el cIht
maties'rend proesperity of thle Sin cue ttlerc'c
t 'iyedemandse a ge:.e t increadoe (c
-tiost sus~tpic' on:
ma nutfacit urint
which is like
(ia rt . on, permmlses seuch
pre nit jhips pitrt'it. asu will epahlt
i ignybtfcenere ce tee bee.;dg
ope . -.eItitsve -wite -powjp,
In thefict' j rhyrn eam)~ I
paruohe cht ts~j~ en~i sein~ )i
t ure-the faciit fi fr franaertauios 90e
*- r t~ee Irie4adeperMrtng Overyau.i
\K K o fi thi Satii4ivt cai st i
me ad g~roy,. gyet, te rppe
Q1114andsgmeidempnert ting revardos. Coim-,
pn e 'irpieuly beinig orgkbized to6
legAi te d h"oselliig and purbasilng 6f
lanc nd,,piaituacturing . 'ites, tand
whoreyer a citizen owns a wator-power
$11nd,% unble t.o improve it: with his
town m et. him invite his-neighbors
to form at company ; apd if that fails.
itivite strangers ; and if that fails, let
-in Mmell to those who will, improve and
By well directed enterprise and ener
gy '.>iy watetr-power it the Stato, in a
h.iv i4ef years, will be decorated with a
nianuifeciory or a miachine shop. The
accimtilation of capital and the great
tfint x of polatihition it will . bring will
siinmlarp iineltry. * The farmer having
ia. home market can diveisify his labor
and make it mor'e profitable. Activity
will he impitied to commercial puir.
SIIi:A Manoetacttires will flourish and
yil la hrm profits to their owiers, fos
tfir.l awl otectied as they will bo for
many yi-s bY high protective tarifTs.
A heatrmieiionits coibiiiition of agricul.
ti bre. cuemerce titd mtianufauctiires -and
all If the-m are invtitig in tliii State
will hribg its wealth :md prosperity.
We elin thei hlilbl up school heculses atid
cleorehs 1(and college, anid toake new
Cari itha not. inworthy of tle fame aRid
reniowi of old Carbliii.
Our first great want is enterprise and
uidl ti ty-if we will tlien we commanud
them. 'Onr next grat want is Akilt.
ei t ator-this muist come from the
North ind from Etrope ; it will not
conl1 if we do tnot itivit e it n nd extend
the ha iid of friendship to t lie immigrant.
If' he is looked upoln with eli:Aity and
usic-ivioi. it calinot be ex'pected that. he
%\1 il k your country the lNiome of
iihsi elf1 and his desicendanits ; atid other
States iore gaiciotis, will derive the
beiefi : his skil capital 'aftd citizen.
sbid. Our la-t winat is .ipjal to devel
ope lthe gt. ai td varied .resources of
ti Srite. Ii is to b h obtie.ei by labor
aiid from ibrohrad, by ntimking ita profits
renll.tun teiN ive to the owneer. With
these ants uitiippheid, theri is no reason
to view our fiture glominily ; on' the
c!( aitriary, Iteri is mitch .t) hope for our
sa lvyes 31w11 0111 postert y
We have tie-rgedl rorm a long and
diastrois war, Wihi h our cities attn t OVivs
bilit, our 1ises destroyed. our fields
aid lnitions rag.ed, aoid our wealth
em teted.. bu w nr m no Worse -on
union ina i jur ioretatiners wiien t iev
cne ont 4f tilo- r.-vol-iioi Thoir vr.
til aid Lilr aid ecotioy soin mal
thetm a moera' pispero6fis poople thanti ev
e'r beforo. 'Why may not. the same.
qualities wonk out the satie happy re
stilt few as ? i i< vain to indulge in
r'; ~imings aver Ihe misfortunes111 of the
pas . Oar work is witi tid for the i
iiro If we are to deserve well of the
con11"try and- eof presierity, it must de.
- m on h li- fidality with which it is
A new Constitut ion has been adopt.
ed, anl by it vollr Grovernmett hae Ooen
hIheralizei E'eay citizen may aspire
to its lhnrs : aid it esteemned worthy
by his fllow ', may% occipy, its high
picis. It inrits a fair triil from tho
people, and will loibtless receive it.
T lhe hope is ardenitly cherished by me
that every change made in the old Cdvn
St itmt iel on iay prove ant imipromenit 'of
he criminal hw, the evil passions of
F bacltd .dinconisideraito mein be restrniiu
Ied, antd order soon1 restored' to soe~ie
.The total destriuction of r'arge tracts of
conuttry by an ivahnetg army, and the
iehandiont of the entires State, conse-.
. quent upon a lotig wvar, ,incapacitates
the people from paying the usuiaamoutia
eof taxes. andi it' behooves all -departa
mlenii of(a tile Ge'rnints toa practiee
jenel enTiorce a rigid econom~y. The an
1iinonl aepnropriaionsu heretofore made
wi ..ll nnedaergo the closest sortitiy, and
whvlenever. a readcctioni ('alln m ade, or
the appropriatitit lttirely dispensed
i I, it will he done.' All~ rdniras
at aboliAhed, and ciahelaries oh
oI leOna ritinaee redao4 b))enever it.
enn bi1' eleeta without de ment to) the
pubtaie et vice, so0 thiat..b *e$penditures
b er ihe suippa/it of the ooet'niment, will
-a i- raehteel to the mb't frugal standard
lTii Exvecmiire IDeylattngnt. wvill cordi
.eally co-opeiira4 wir h'9$.Ih 'all mepany~g
-to reduue-h ei'ixp.'nds.of'he State to
ete haowest stiIkra dtiepitilile wity. its
God .on onr uniked'e 'rttto anieliorte
,le ~ dit iotm of iar 'd io edanid a
;g to o
~ i - . -
Thu tdai ornog, December 7, 1861.
It willbe teebl by the- annexed that
we have disposed of the right and title
of the "Tur-WEmo.y Ngwe" to Messrs.
GAIL.AR'b & DEsPORITES, who will con
duet the paper, and do all manner of
prioting i.their line
We have also turned over tb Mr. Hf.
A. GAu.Auin. the senior partner of the
concern, a large fortion--of accorrhts
made by paties -during our connection
as editor and proprietor of the News,
who will collect and receipt for the
In bidding adieu to the patrons of the
News, we take this occasion to. return
our thanks for the liberal patronage bes
towed upon us, and to solicit a contin
uance of the same to our successors.
During our sojourn in the town of
Winnsboro', we have been treated with
all gindness and friendship, and we leave
behind us many friegds whose kindness
we appeciate, and to whom we are en
deared for many acts of friendship.
We ask for our successors that sup
port which is requisite to the es
tablishment of a District paper, know
ing that an intelligent community will
appreciate the talent brought to bear
upon the editorial columns of the News,
under the skillful management of Mr.
To.our brethren of the Press through.
out the State.we part with regret. Our
intercourse, though but of' short dura
tion, has -been pleasant, and we trust
that in,&ie future we may welcome, in
the new field to which ,we go, many of
the familiar -faces of the .exchanges that
have graced' our editorial table during
our counection with the News.
To all our. patrons and friends we bid
an ifectionate adieu, hoping fo.r them
long life and abondant prosperity. To
all we would. regiomend the proprietors
r-- '-- n t.im to nsess,
ntsnndantly, all ~i ettssary business
qualifications foi the successful progress
of their paper.,
We go.to norbe'r field, and trust
thai wo nay be as well received, as
kindlly treated and as liberally supported
as we have lieen'in thia, section.
J. E. BRiTTON.
Winusboro', S. C., Dec. ist, 1865.
To the Public.
The undersigned have associated
themselves as.' cosproptietors of the
Wrxsnonto' ixws," and under their
joint names will at onlce proceed with
the piublication of the same.
In the tspportionreent of the business
of. die ofRte, the editoriak'nd financial
departnment~s hale Geen a'saimed b5y Hf.
A. GAInLrn, and the central of thie
mechanical by J: Aa.D36erntx.
Upon commini ttitemqelves to their
2ne'w ebterprise,,th'sbbsribei's do mpost
cordhially invite the co operation .of the
Diet.rdt atdlmrgo,- .ad will endeavor to
justify it by asMlouens'ttiodcn to theit
respective departmnetre~f labor, and by
the .indtttrrtion of rnesidreb.i1boking tc
,the~expapsion of its circulation, the ona
largemeni of its ininrence,'kn4its estab
lishment upon a,snkstantial bais as, an
'eiint And si ~Igrict jot~rnal.. ,Tc
ilitite this th9 Ask; fozA larger pa
tronage than ha l tfor#been, ac.
~oydedt thje pape both ib hera oi
snbr~ption's, 'outa ot innsboro'
and advertisemet gjd t ofbelieve it
~1~cash theay 1IV e theo~ dvan
Yoproeal, its% .bbythsW jibe
iii and enligh ~t~~e~cies ~o
e d d i
The editorial department of tl)is pa
per will hereaftor be conducted by my.
self. In inangurating, this work it Will
be proper, and tonformable with tisag
to say a few words indicative 'of. the
course of the paper.
Great and unexampled difficultie
beset otir State, and darken its future.
A wide spread desolation attest the se.
verety of the recent war. Her trade
has been paralyzed; the channels of het
commerce has been almost closed; credit
the mainspring of enterprise, utterly ex
tinguished; the internal economy of thi
whole country subverted, capital, des
troyed; and a universal distrust and ap
prehension' of the future pervade all
classes. Necessarily the statesmanslip
practical sense and energies of the timi
will be exhausted in the solution o
these great questions ; in re-sstablish
ing credit and confidence; in encourag
ing the influx of capital,and immigration
ii stimulating industrial enterprises o
all kindi; in utitlining and systematiz
ing labor; and aboe all in resuscitatinj
the great agricultural interests which i
the corher-stone upon which any en
during and solid prosperity must be con
So far as these fall within the limitei
sphere of a District journal, it will faitl1
fully co-operate in the work.
In politics it is dimcult to foreshadoi
a'course at a' period of revolution at
usurpation of powers and, oblteratioi
old constitutional lian i-marks, and iefor
party organizations have been perfe
ed upon new issues; but we kno
enough to know, irl the words of an abl
letter that will appear in our next issi
that the only thing now possible for tI
South, is the Union.
By the inflexible decrhe of war- oi
future is to ho united with it. It. ther
fore appeats to be the ,higiest *wisdo
and soundest policy of the outh i
make every effort to improve her. cond
tion in it ; to adhere scrupulously to I
pledge ot loyalty; to endeavor to resto
4 large, if not a preponderating influen,
in if, bynIslsmtttAtng ana co-operatng wi
honiogeneous and sympatetic elemen
at the North; to refrain, as otr Sta
has so far wisely lone, from opposing
factions and impotent oposition to w
aithienticated demands of the Gover
m1etnt, and geierally to continue as I
as possible to act in harmony with ti
This paper will endeavor to illustra
and enforce these ideas uponi proper c
casions. H. A. GAn.LAD.
WAR WITH RSNoLAN.-Otur Lond
correspondont says that in't ruetions ha
been, or will be, immedatly sent to t
British Minister a Washington to a
of onur Government a'n explanation
its condntet in ti., niatter of the 1P'enian
arid, he also ays, that the English pi
ple. demand that thte United States eh
either atnppress all public demonstratic
of thte Brotherhood in this country,
accept thte alternative of war. T1
lateness of the hour at which we wril
prevents us fronm commenting 'u'pon i
importanet news, and upon other ve
important irdelligetnce contaitned in
interesting letter of onr correspondei
which, is published in another coluti
We learn from the New York Uhar,
of the 27thl, thtat the reported parkioij
tion of A merican soldiers in the ratce
assautk on Matamoros by tihe -Mexie
Repubhltcans has, it seems, produtced
disagreeable effect upon the Imnperialiu
and they are said to fear that our O
ernment seriously meditate. interferil
i behalf of President Juarez, Ev.en I,
aljandonment of Maximllban's journ
on the part of his Cabinet of difflotn
with the United Rtates, and it is stat
that'?arshtal Bauzaine has ordered se?
al important positions to be strengthen
Miaximilian is said ,to havejastely rec
ed4 an auttograph letter from Louis~
pojloon, urging hiimwto morq,.energ
trneasures toward the Airm etabli mes
o tho empire.
A gentlemtn jtut attvd lt
YM'lk from Colotado, lyat "~1
spea.minof ab n
e pl o
The Rrgubheaus ali-ing G~t ii the
Slege of ataamorls
The Galveston Bulletin of Novembiev
15 gives news I.om Brownsville, broughe.
by Captain Eton F. Brown, that the,
Juarists were gaining ground, in the
selge of Matamoros.
General Espinosa was not killed, as
Lieutenant Colonel E,. Meyer, fate of
the United States Army, has been madie
goneral in the liberal forces, and Dr. H.
Morris, United States Army, a majot4
Imperial Secesse Claimed.
NKw Oin~mIAiS, Nov. 29.-,-The San
Antonio le,rall, of the 15th instant,
says a number of Liberal officers there
from Mexico consider the Liberal cause
so desperate in their country that they
have been compelled to abandon it.
The Mexican Times, of the' 34th ulti
mo, gives a favorable account of the.
emigration to Mexico. It also publish..
es a list of ex-Confederates now settledi
.WAsIINoTo, December 1.-Thero
is no doubt that tle House of Represen.
tatives will be organized without diffi
cilty. The credentials of seven Vir
V ginia members, and all of thd Tennessee
representatives, have been received..
None others have come to hand from the
e South. About one hundred members
Judge Warmoth is here, claiming ad.
mission as a delegate from Louisiana
on the groeind that by the 'act of eoso.
e sion, that State reverted to a territorial
condition. He was irregularly voted
r for by black's and whites.
. The GoverA' t as no present ap.
prehensiong f- clties vith France or
Maximilian. 4en. Gra t apeaia for
Tn' perhaps' the best 'Ood 'highest
quartershere, where friendship exists for-'
ta prAsing clims to the seats in Congress.
Such a courw, it is considered, *ill chal..
lenge the magnanimity of Northern
representatives, if it doe not exeite a
a sense of the griat responsibility reatin;
nr upon them in proposing to let the South
e go unrepresented and her people defran.
chised. I believe that Mr. McPherson
will not put 'on the roll of the House the
.names of any member df Tehnessee.
WASINOTON, Novembe'r 29.-...Tha.
mn indications are strong that -'Mr. Colfax
re spoke without the book for his party
lie Colonel Forney'e approximateeoneto
of in reference to the admi'sion of Southern
* ; memllers, with that of the Nei' Yorkc
o- Tribune, taken in conjnetion ,with thi'
all article in, the New Yor nsot-a,
nor l set to give affairs a favordble as.
,-Secretaries Seward and Stanton, with
tim Senatot' Doolittle, had a long 'interviewe
ry with the President to-day.. After ~he
te first two nlamed left, Mr. Doolittle re
n' mained for a considerable timse. 1qhs
been openly anrd strongly for the PresIw
'dent't policy. Mr. Thaddeos: Steva*
a. saw .the Preddnt t-aaa eao
ntadcastomdy ala. ato
VTennessee is inaheAUmon.
Col. Brav of the;Lms
ns Mexiu6~at er'oI
ty Presldentnxres 'to the tIt&State.
ed' overnmhfat.srind ' a atse Ct,
~r hths'20th u amrd let-uhamde a j
or WAshintn.' C,' y
that-the Mexieass had. S 2
tare raised, whlieb wBM
Generaaeei ha ikdubmogen
wCarolina M*hemsen hvooshand .
thst Depd . e ~ ',.ra-~9s
~ to OIat s "a