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TRE T L VV
By' Gxiljar#4 v "101~rt3 WINNSBdYRO, s. C., 'ATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 23, 186t.
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The Chestei' Xanidardt
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Thse soquthiesa Express Coasian'y
FFER unsurpassed facilitIes- for the amhip
inent (from Augusta and points Smth.)
of Cotton. CoWsn Goods, and henvy freights,
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GOLD AND SILVER COIN, CURRENCY,
PARCELS. AND FREl16HTS.
To Petersburg, Va., Lynchburg. Va.,
Danville, Va., Bristol, Tenn.,
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Goldaboro', F C., Wilmington. N. C.,
ANn TO wAT STASttON ON tHE
Viralnia ani Teanasde Railroad, Sonth -ide
Railroad, Petersburg'Raiiroad, North Carolina
Railroad, Raleigh and Gaston Railroad. Wit .
minaton and WVoldon Railroad, and Western
N. 1 Railroad.
LETTERS, -MONEY PACEAGES AND
To Columbia. , C,,' Charleston, S. C.,
Augusta,'G.4, Pavannah, Ga.,
Macon, Ga., tColumbus, Ga..
- Mobile, A11. Montgomery, Ala.,
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aiw Orleans. LA.
AwO d'wAv STATotte aN THE
Charlotte & ,$ C.. Railroad. South Carolina
Railroad. ioorria Bailroad, Macon and West
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JAMES N. ELLS, Proprietor.
SW Each newspaper in Georgia and
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P#9s0 * aa'es1 s e.
[F~on TH NEWS.J
CHRISTMAS'SONG FOR 186j.
Once Christ man had its Christmas sights,
Christmas Junkets-gleeful nights,
When quip and joke went gaily round,
And mirth and pleasure did abound,
When song and prank flew all about,
But that has all-"gone up the spout"
In Carolina that's "gone and done,"
For here's no money-here's no fun,
'Tin now a dql1 and moping day.
We Just pretend to laugh and play.
'Tie so from Pedee to Savannah!
'Tis so from Pedee to Savannah I
Search the world I You'd nowhete find,
Men more noble, brave, ind kind;
Nor girls so lovely, sweet and 1hir,
Nor a and more sunny, bright and rare,
But Politiciads who didn't know,
B from bull-foot,:-Doll from Doe,
Drahk deeply. at the ]xtra-Session
And let bullies bully through "the question,"
So Christmas now's a moping day,
We just pretend to laugh and play,
'Tis so from Pedeo to Savannah I
'Tin so from Pede to 4avaunah I
I truly wish that narry nigger,
Had been brought here to make "a figger,"
If the blacks were still In Africa,
'Twould be whiter here in Cardlina,
'Twould better whites, 'twould better blacks,
And mend the land of many 'erieks,
And th'ose who brought them 'tis very clear,
Are now In It--, you knowhore,
And if Politicians don't take care,
They'll join them and the D-I there,
For Christmas is a moping day,
We juSt pretend to laugh and'play.
"506 so from Vedeo to Savanaab i
Bra;1l, Buenos Ayres, Uruguay and Ma
The succesafel inauguration of the
steamships between the United States
and Brazil, again iNrvites the attention
of the commercial and general public to
a portion of the world which this coun.
try has ingulaly neglected. Thesm
stehmerjoiitly subsidized by the Unived
States and Brazil, place us in actual
contact with- the vast ani fertile Empire
of Brazil end the States in the Valley of
the River Plate, and, b# way of St.
Thomas, with Venezaela and -all the
We Indies. The commercial and
agricultural inportance of Brazil and
the River Plate countries is, after our
own land, first in rank on the Western
Brazil is a constit 'onal empire, t
territories of which eftace an ar
more than 3.800,000 square mil
g according to ebtimates ma
about 9,000,000 - inhabitants,
ban half the population of South
It is almost inter-tropifti,
b tural 'auses give it a coolnessuvil
sahit rity unknown . to -other- tropleal,
lgnds., Slavery exists, but in a munh
milder fdrm than formerly with us, and,
no rights are denied the free . men of
color. The feeling of the Emperor and,
the people are opposed to th, longer ox.
lstence of . Atrican bongi e though by
their mild laws ene , mio of saves I
hateo become" liberated htoe 1850.
Goibrment intende now to take: the'
invattet in hanid fo its final extinction;
As It i.c every slate taken to Brasilbe
comes immiediately'frge. The opmniore*
of the empire ji etuato that of alle the.
rest of South.Arnerted.: In- 1864-'Bras'
sill sold t4 the *oi'd .$70 000,000, ' got
lf'Iete*' sP rf cotton, .hrdes,-Indisi
rabia she bought of ob
'ing'9; ant~td? the having thre-ines o
.tstnes there. We hope, by the sg~
fidilltj tover our corn
whIoln mi p d ailh~y smaller'tlka~
'u ir g~or Th ''t di
afsm olt qta
American commercial interests have
been better maintained than in Brazil.
It is hoped that SOmething will be done
by our Government to extend steam
facilities under .'the American flag from
Rio to Buenvs Ayres, .or our commerce
The Spanish-American country, called
the Argentine. ,Confederation, better
known t us (by the name of its capital)
Buenos fyres, is republican in'its form
aud is modeled after the United States
It consists of fourteen StAtes or Provin.
oes, with, aiptre.a of 780,000 square
miles, mostly, consisting of prairie and
rolling lands, Its 'commerce is chiefly
in the product 'of the vast herds of :it
tie, sheep iid horses :which are reared
on the fortilepanmpa..: In return for
hides and wool, weare 4iring a profita
ble commerce in lumber,; cotton goods,
flour hardware, &o., & Railroads are
pushing ou' Iron' Buenos- Ayres in
every direction, while 'the . majestib La
Plats, the third.ri.Trin the New World,
communicates with'. araguay And with
the interior of Bra i. On' this broad.
stream, 'two. hundryd add forty Yniles
from 'Buenos Ayrdt, is the growing city
of Rosario, whence is building toCordo-'
va, two hundred- and seventy; mi;e.
away, t0e. grest Argentine Central
Railway, under William Wheelwrigi, of
Newburyport, Masi. This road will do
muchito open up the ribh interlor and
finall will .be oxtended acrms: to the
I,Truguay, Of which the, pita is
Montevideo, is a small Spanis -Ameri
can republic, of 72,000 sqi' Wiles
area, and containing 218.000 inhabi
tants. It has a gM'ig commerce with
the UniteO1 State . It is. now enttring
upon a- new career, and with peace in
hir fertile borders, will. be one of the
most desiiable coetries in the: wor1di fot.
settlemenL Many. Englishmen and.
Italians -haye gone - thither for purposeqi,
of trade and sheep farmiing on.,horielf
araguj, 1 i nd Jnpana 'o
A:rkeic (having in Lopez a Tys&Qon
more despotic than ever sat u'pond&.
throne-in Jeddi.) is n-ow going through,
a trial from..the severe , and joet cnstiga.
tion. she is receiving at the hands of,
Brazil, Buenos Ayres and 'Urugiay,
that will probibly'exorcise the evil-spir.
it of despohism I which, for two genera.
tions, has ruled her. The lasti nows
from South America pliow.s theAllies
completely triumphant, and before long
the rich soil and other' great'natural ree.
sordies of P'aragiuay will be 'a 'field that
wil amply repay commereial and agri.
Now,.h the supply of these ,-grAt
Sonth-American countrigs ,Pilaqjlphia
should not be Mehind-hand. 'We maqu
facturd much that these lands need and,
in som, respec we are better situated
for thZi0 coin mer 1Lhie Iny other city of
the ,."ion.. -4a Ledger.
Itis.un4 at Ben. Butler pur
see sho, ear irn pamphlet. or
wspapli' reply to the able
plort L inant-f1eneral Grant--a
doc eVwjic took so well with the
Hotia f ftepresentatives that two hun
dred. 'f~ thousand copies were
or ,u Mr. Btler projsoes
0 .40, to take Grant - from
W n(' fore and follow him up
to Lieq'na'GitaGneirlcy. The Ameri
catpublic will ye trkted to a history
of Qreat fron a lifetorian who, 'if not im
&'?'pos enge .,of' the, ffs o
~0~atirfier,' writing, from,
4t94140hAht fM~qiieriesn (eki9
pntry.Alone?' Simpi r Ms