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'WE, TH PXOPLtR OF Tht STATR or ROUTH OAEO
LIMA, BY -U5* DELBOATES IN, CONVENTION
)iRT, -nO onDoIx AIo rsTAULISHt Tills COMsTi
TrTi FOR TUB GOVaNb5XNT Or THE SAID
PROTtoN 1. The Tegislati e authority of this
tate shall be vested lin a eneral Assembly,
which salldonsistor a Senato and a House
Snotion 2. The House of RepresentatIves
shall be composed of Members chosen by bal
elot overy second year. by the citizensor this
v ',- State, qualified as in this Constitution is pro
NaCTOs 3. EAc'h .Iudlcll District in the
State shall eonktitute tto Election Diatrict,'ex.
cept Charleston District. which shall be divi.
ded lnto twoi Electidn Districts.oto coniIsting
af tie late Parishes of , St. Phillip and .t.
Michael, tn be desigaiited the- Election Dis.
tet of Charleston ; the other consistintr of all
that part of tho Judicial District, whfch is
without the limits ofsaid Parishes, to be known
'a the Election District ofHlerkeley.
- SxcrioN 4. The bounlaticqn sit several Ju
ulicial ant Election Districts shall remiin as
-they are now established.
SecTtoN 5. The House of ReprestItiIves
shall consiat of one hundred and wienty flor
- Members, to 6n apportioned among the several
Eioction Distri.ts or 'the State, accordiig to
the nuinber of, white inhabhiants contained ini
each, lad theamount or all taxes raisei by the
'Ueneral Assembly. whether direct or indirect,
or of witatever soecies paid in each, deductin'g
therefrom all taxes paid 4nu account of propee -
ty held in any other District, and addinsr
therete all taxes elsewhere paid on account of
propert) held in such District. An enumera
tion of the white Inhabitairto, for this purpose,
was made 1, the year one thousand eight hun
dred and fifty-nine, and shall be made in the
courso of every tenth year thereafter. in such
imanner as shall be. by lw, directed ; and
RepresentatIves shall he assigned to the liffer.
ent Districts in the above-meestioned propor
tion, by Act of the General Assembly at the
session immediately succeeding every enume
ration I P0ovided, That until tie anoportion
mtent? which shall be mado upon the next enu.
mcration, shall take effect, the representation
of the several Election Districts, as herein con
stituted shall continue as assigned at the last
epportionment, each District which has been
heretofore divided into smaller Districts,
known as Papishes, having- the airgregate num..
her of Representatives which the Parishes
herettfore embraced within its limits have had
since that apportionment, thlio'epresentativ'e
to which the Parish or All Saints has been
heretoftire entitled, beling,diorinr this interval,
assuined to Harry Election District.
. IScTioN 6. I the enunteration herein direct.
ed shall not be made in the course of tlhe year
appointed for tlie purpose, it sisall be the duty
of the Governorto have it eflected as soon
thereafter as shal. kle practicable..
SECTIoN7 MI asignitt( Representatives to
the several Distrints, the General Alsemibly
shall allow one Representative for every sixty.
. secnid part or the whole Iumber of white in.
habitsats in the State, and one Repreaentative
also for every sixty second part ofthe whole
taxes raised by th General Assembly. There
shall be further allowed one Representative
for such fractions of the sixty-second part ol
the white inhabitants, aid (f the sixty.second
part ofthe taxes, as when added together for m
SEcTION8. All taxes upon property, real or
psirsonal, shall bh Jai, upona the actual valun cl
tle property taxed, as the same Phall be ascer.
tained by the asaessment made or the pur.
pose of laying such tax. II the firit appor
tiunment which shall be marIe undor the Con
stitution, the aiount of taxes'ahall be estina.
ted from the averave of the two years next pro.
cedirg such apportionmetlti but in ever., sub.
- sequent apportioniment, from tit average of
the ten years then text-preceding.
SECTiON 9. ir. iI the 'apportionment of ltep
resentatives ; any Election District shall ap
pear not to. be entitled, from its population and
ita taxes, to a Rebresentativo; such Election
District shall nevertheless send ono Reprosen
ative and, if there be still a deficiency of the
mber or Representatives required by sec.
th ,sueh deficiency shall be supplied by
Representatives to those Election
aving. the Ia rgst rurplus fraotions,
hose fractions consist of a combiia,
tio lation . and taxes, or orfb poltiot
or , ia arately, until the num br of one
hundr i d twenty-lour Member# be made
up -Prooded, That not more than
twelve Repraee in any apportion
stint, be assig olcton District.
hiscriow 10. .t Of Represen
tatives shallt effect, in snj
*manner, unitil which shahl
succeed such a
bactioll 11. emposed of
one tnember frt ltrict, except
the Election Ditoe, to whli
shalt be allowedt ofte i
ExcTION 12. ofte0is
ier1Aessmbly7 chosen tin,
the provision qtitutiona, the
- atoreshale- lot into in
class to6 aaeda h expiration of foui
5 veaf ; and the siiamber of thbeso classes shall
o <'Ien ptpolyOtned th~at oune-half of the whiole
l~'ushbeg of Senq~toj's may, as nearly as possi.
.ble cottouS to be choisen thereafter every sec.
is w McoW 13l. Nopersomtshialt. he eligible to,
er-tskeor rett.idseat in the Hloueof Repre'
jk ,epifativess utslAas he isun'froo white mani, whc
- eth attained the ag0 cf twrenty-ooe yea~rs
i ha thbleen a -oitise'nsani a resideut of this Stat<
three year. neat preceding the day of election
- aeihath been ror the last qia months of thh
imadshall continue, a residentof the Dis.
' tkict which tie Is' to'represent.
8xortaow 14. No.pesun shalt 'be eligible to
srnake or retail, a seat -n the Senato, imjesC
ite'i a free white man, who hath attaihied the
age of- th irty~ years, bath ~en a citisen ant
resident of this State five ~etrs next ps'eceding
the'day of.Itection, ani haik been, for the lasi
-sill moitbh of ~this tIme, antl sh-ill- continue i,:
bo',a resideforthe Dstrictwich he is to pep
t.J '5I. Senators and Mlembdrset the
opah~t I~pu stives shall be chiosen t
olct opa the third Wednesdaylhr
o n the present year, and en thu esue
i nne for suchi terms of. offie, r
, naern d.cThdy s l et e
t pn cortcorreace'~of two~thirdt of both -branh
of the whole rsnptienstioh,)' unies the csu
a cties of war or 'entatriou# disorders shall gns
dier It t~e o spe) theriiIn eitherof ich
esses, tb ovelnor or Commn~ereuin'clt
tAr the di e beltir, mnay, by proJ'hulnallinn 4 .
poInt a metre secure and, ctehcplaa of
smeeting. . , t.,- . l -
- tiow 16 "'he terns~.offcsoteenas
tors apdi Representataves, ehde at a g'nerdi
election, shall begitt oa #Ioadai folldtin~
clectione, faturns an ualiic.ations of its d
Merb ' d a Majority. of de'ch iiose %ht
constitt, i uorudba, odo 'business ; -but
sumalr tis bir ti'tadjourn from day 1e tin
and aty su'hdried to comlpel ith ailten
ance of abibat Mebers, in such manner, nli
inder eucit penalties, as may be provided I
SECTION IS. Each Iouc Plhnl choose its ov
officers', determine. its rules of proceedin
punish Its pfenbers for disorderly bethavit
aind, with flic eoncurrence of two-i Iirds. ex;
a Member, but not a second timo for the sail
SEcTIoN 19. Eltch ilonte'inay punish, by if
prisonmcent, during its sittitg. any person in
a hlinber, who shall Ie guilty of dierespect
the House by any disorderly or contenptuo
behavior in Its preevuco; or who, during ol
tinic of Its silting. shall threaten mit to bo
or eatato of any ileunder for anything said
done in nither iliouse. or who shall assault at
of tsem therefor, or who shall assault or arrv
any witness or other pertion ordc ed to atte
the Houeo, in hils goinx thereto, or returnih
therefrom, or who shall rescue any person a
rcated by orderof the liouve.
ECTtoN 20. ''he ,Memtors of both Hlous
shall be protected In th<Ar persons and estat
during their attendtnce oti, golnir to atd r
turning from, the (ener1i Avseibly, and ti
days previjus to theit sitting, anid tent daya: n
ter the adjourtineNt thercol'. But these 'pris
Inges shull Iot, le extetde-I no as to protect at
Member who shall be charged with treasu
felony, or breach of the peitce.
- SzcrioN 21. Hills for raising a rve nie sh
originate? in the Hluuce of itepresectaitives, b
may he altered, aIcented or rtjectlgP by t
Stiate ; and all other bills aiy Originate
either House. and may be amended, altered
rejected by the other.
SEcTrcuuN22. Ever Act oO Iesolution havlt
the forco of law shall roat - to bit otto subj
attd that shall be exoresset n the title,
Suc'taoz 23.'No lAll shall have the force
law until it shall have been read three time
and on three s'overal t.ays, in each louse, hi
had the seal bf tho State affixed to it, atnd h;
beoci signed in the Senate House'by tbei.Pre
dent of the' Seatite atnd the Speaker of ti
House of Representative*.
SEcTios 24. No money shall be drawn o
of tbo Public Treasury but by the.legisladi
authority of tho State,
SUcrToN 25. In all elections by the Gener
Assembly, or either Hozae thereof the men
berm shall vote 1ci*ea'qoce," and theiredes't6
given, shall be entered upon 4hojournats of tl
House to which they respectih/ly bhlting..
SnCreo 26. The members of the Gener
Asseibly. who shall meet under this Codatit
tion, shall be entitled to receive 6utof the Pu
lic Treasury, for their expbnses -durIng the
attenulanee on. going to and returning frot
the General Assembly, five dolltre for ca
lays attondance, and twenty cents for eve
mile of the ordinary route of travel betwe
the residenceottjid Miefiber and the capital
other pli'e ofsitting of the, General Asselpbi
both goine and returneicr ; anld the same mn
be iticreased or diminished by law. if circui
standest zhli require; but no alteration sh
he. made to tagoeffect durinr the existence
the General As'e'mbly which shall make su
Sxceantns A7..'kaither House, during the a,
tion If the General Assembly, shall, with
the dpnsent .of Ih other. adjourr, for m<
than three days, itor it any other place tIl
that in which the Assembly shall be at the ti,
SCoTIoN28. No person shall be eligible ti
seat In.thed Gneral Assembly whilsi lie ho
any ofo. of profit or trust under this Sia
the United States of Atierica, or any of the
or under aby .other power, except ofilcers
the militia, army or navy of thic State, Mag
trates oreJustices otferior Courts, while su
Jusatibes recterie Vio alarica; nor shall i
Contractor of the army or navy of this Sta
the Unitet States or A merica, or any of the
or the agenta of such contractor, be clirible
'a sant in either House. And if aney Memt
slal accept or exercisn a ty of ie said dlisquti
fying offines, lie shall vnaeto Itls seat.
. Sacrw29, If atg Election Diatrict sh
neglect' to-ebooso 'a' r.nmter or minebers on i
tay of election, .4 It aufy person cholen
member ofeither. itnse sihal I refuse to qua
my anAI tke his seat, or thill reAign, d.
part the Mtatn~acceptagy di squallifyingeifS
or become otherwise d squahied to hold1
seat, a wilt of election shall f issuell by,'l
President of the' Sentle qr Speaker of
House of Representativesas the cAse'-nayI
fotK the purpose of tilling (I1e- vacancy.there
occasioned, for tb remainder of the term e
which the person so refusin'g to tualit%
signing, dying, departing the Srate, or becc
ing disqnalified, was elteMtd to serve, 'or I
defaoltiit Elecdctn 'Diarit, ougIu to li
chosou a meniber or mremb--ra.
Saorcon;.30. A nd wherease the mvipist'ers
the Gospielare, by their prfchqeion, dedidal
to'theetfvice of God Ands 'thye suore of seta
and duglnQA diverted (rom ihe - great<
ties of th in o e, thetrefore, no moints
of thhQ ito peecher of ancy
lfigious 'hilat, Ito continues in
*kerols ort l fuhetiont.',shae
eli biof Go~vernrt-, Liaoien
o ' at in the Sohtste ot'
Ex'so . Executive authority oh I
Stto shall be vested icn a Cihief Ma gistrate, s
shall be styled, 'Te Governor of the St ati
SeCTION 2. Thne ovoenor shall be elected
the electoits duly -idaalified to vote for mee~it
of the House of IIpreienlatives, acnd shall It
hisoffico'fvrrfour yearasndt until his suer
sdr shall be choscen and qualified ; but
sime person shall not be Gosernor for I
hiscriote 3. Noc person shall be eligible to
office os GAoverinor, unless he heath att-itmd
ageof thirty years, bnd heath been a ciii
and residenit' of this State for the ten ye
next precedIng the day of electioni. Antd
person phallI hold the office of Governor. a
any t~thdr offiee or. comnasiton, cii or mill
re, (except in militIa,) ucider this State or
Unitedi Statea,er ally of, ihem,or ancy oit
power, at qne and thec same time.
Sacohice 4.' The rotucrns of every electilor
Glovefnnrshall, be sealed tip by the Manag
of Flections ipt their respective DIstrIcts,
tr'ansriitt~ed, by si mcssenir chtosen by thes
'lo til',Cea( sf OjivArnniet, directed to
:Secrei -F'f'tatc 'who shall deliver thces
the SpA leof'iti uIstse of Representiatis
di~h Etanpg ssio-of lice Gecnerail
sqbbl, Nibring1is rat weckq -which *
I' ot~et citGne
Jib fsi iigtd"bu
shosd~n al b
popeesed of those 9al
:n tio President of the so, at, shll have no voto,
I utiless the Nemte he ually divided.
at Scc-rion 7. TeS t'allcheos a Preal.
d., ent pro tem pre to ac in 'jho absenco of the
I'Lieuiteanot-GUovernora orAvhen ho shall exer
a cise thlet office or Gove sai-.,
y Se-CtoN 8. A Iel he or the Senatm, or of
Stile House of1tepre'et ati.yes. boing chosen aind
,n actifig as Goverior Ir Lioutegiant-Goveranr
X, sall , thereupon. vaca his sent, and another
r, poitsol shall be elect, I in his stead.
el SRcrToN 9. o eas of the Impeachment of
ic the Governor or his r inoval from olce, it ath,
reaignatioi. iieqnat ration, disataility olr ro
n inovat fruna the State hIo Lieutentant-Governor
ut aball succeed to lil ofilice, and in% case of the,
to InIiieachmIenat of theLfrntcunrt Governir or
s ii renovail froiin 9ffiit, death, resigina lion, d I..
i qualitiention, disabiity or rcmtoval froti the
y State, the President pro temtpore of the 'enite
r ahallisucceed to h i tilce ;'aud when the otien
y of the Governor cuteain
at President pro tempore 6( the Senato shall tin
I come vacant in the recess of the Senate : the
g Secretary of -State, ror 1he tin,)beint, shall,
r yproclamatilon, convento the , Senate, that a
Pretident pro tempore may be choicn to ciery
. l ciso the oiflc'of Governot for the unexpired
,s term. .
E. crtow it. rh Governor shall be Com.
SmanItcer-inA Chief of the Arimay. and Nav >
. 1hil State and of the tilitia, ex.cept when they
ahill be catlled into the actual service ofthe
SECotON If. lie shall have power to grant
reprieves and pardons after oonvictiton, ('xt'iip
in caso o'fimpeachnent.) in such mantner, on
It such turis ino under Put h Isirictions as by
le shall think proper. a ot ho shall have; )ower to,
remit fine'aid forreiturqo, unless otherwise
r diriecekd bi law.. It shall be his duty to report
to the Gencral' Assembly at the next regular
g session theronflet--all partonis granted by him,
t with a- (U1 stitemet of Aemh Case and tilth cuts.
soni pliving' him therennto
SeTtoW 12. 'ist shitll -Ake cato that. the
laws he fthflig1 executed inirnercy.
to Sc-rTo' 13 Alte Governor and Leutenant
. Governor sh-ll.,at'atated times, receive 10, theig
. ervicee a oonipetnsatioin which shall be neither
e increaso4 sor dtnitiahetd durinag the 'period
fqr, ?vhIch they shall lHa're ,been elect'
8UortoN 14. All off1.e-ri id the Executive
Departmieuat..when requird bf the Gove6tior,
shall riv hin itiformation in *ritIng upon sny
subject relating to th. dutIeS of their-respect.
itive opices.. .
'SECTION 11. The Goverorshall., trom tima
to tie., give to the Gencril tAssembly Infor
ir "'ation.of the condition (or th. State, and ret
. commend to their consideration such measurewt
i,. as he'shall judge necessary ol' expedhint.
ir qSsoios 16.1 lit may,. on extraordinary oc.
n, casiotas, convene the General Aslembly.,atid
.h should either House retatain without a q.Isortn
,y fur three days. or in case of disagreeme-t he.
m twoon t;e two Houses. with respect to the tinliiI
or of adjournment , nay adjourn them tosuch
y, time as lie shall thisik proper, not beyond the
ty fourth Monday of November then next etnsut.
t SiEc'toN 17. lie shall commission all ofil
of ceeI of the State.
ch SEC;ION 18 It shall be the'duty of the
?lanagerAot Elections of this State. at tihe first
. geteral elections under this Constituthtin, and
ut at each alternate general election thereafter,
ire. to bld an ele:tion for Governor and Lieuteti
ne SectIOs 19. rhe Governor and the Licuten.
atit-Governor before enterinir upoti the duties
I a of their respectiveoffices.shail, in the presence
.a1 of the General Assembly, take tile oath
te. ofaifico, peerribed in this Constitution.
m' SECTION 2ti 'rho Gnvernor shall reside.
in duratig the sitting of the Geieril Assembly, at
the place where its session may be hel,- ; n,'d
ch the Gnneral Assemnly may by law, reqitire
y him to reslo.e at tho apitol 'of the StUe.
te rCTIoN 21. Every Bill which shall have
tpasset thle Getiera a Assembly, shall, befire it
become a law, he presented ro the Governor,
ier f he approvo, lae shall sign it ; but if not. he
i.shall return it, with his objectionts. to that
Houso it which it siall have orivrinated, Who
all shall oiitcr thi e-objections at larg' (ill theirjouir.
l nal; atad proceed tq reconsider it. It after sitch
a reconsideration. a inajorily of the whole repre.
Ifs- nfltagiOii of that House shall-agree to) pass tie
ill, It sliall be sent,-togetbr with the objee.
jlio, to (lite' ther Hea use,( by which it snail
- likewjshqbe reconside d, and If approved by a
* majait of the whol reprsenetation oh thti
he other House, it shall beon a law. .But in all
such attse the votes of both, Hotisas shill bW
by deteriniied by yeas atid - nay, utho name
of the perisons votingr fcr .anfsgi a atthe diII
shall be dintred on t journa'leach-lioult
respetiive-l Y . -if any Bilf shall otl be returneod
ti by the,Governor within 'two Ay , '(Sundayl
v exe uted) after it shall have -b ' rsentat te
hint. the Maen' Aball he a -aw ik - matIns,
as if eIad signed It. , And, timemay al
oi waysbohhillwed theGoye ior'atoconiadci
Hils panied by the Genera 14sn biy, ne.ithe
I Hiso shall realt anf' 111l ort the in I day of if
icr ,sesslon, exep~t sneqh Bhih as have betr
retsfrned by theGovernor as 'hereini proyl.
oct in a qeh Superior and Inferior Courts -
,LIaw anid Equity as the Get eral As'sembl'
still, f'com inne io'time,direct: 'p'ud establish
Thio., .iadges or the Superior (fsiurisaeball h<
biA cir~etd by is General Assembly,, shall'hntk
ho. tilr otiles durlthi gatod behav 1er, anti shall
tof ataltad times. receive a cort1pensation foi
theirservices. which shall neither. be inctdas
,c .d mnor dtiidlehed during their conitinus tici
era ,in office but they. ajialli rc iv .no fec'a ti
aid piergoidites of offiei, nor hold af thter ofmr
es. ci profito truAt'tinder this Stato. the Untitei
the Statee ,of 'America, or quty of them, or a
wo other power, The Genmerai Assembly shahl, as
sootn as psible. catpblisb foruiach District Ii
Ite thte tat , an Inferior .Court or Courts,tlo i
the styled I'The District (Ofetathe.,Jsdfe whera.
etn shall be resident in hie.Dietrlct whIle in toffice
ars shall be elected by th'ee G'sne/al Assembly toi
no <-air years, ' shall' -be' re-ei ihblo, whici
nd Cour t shahl ave jur~r tlon of all civil cause
ta- whereintoa br'both 6'hopartIes are persot,
he of color, att f talh :cr~fs~ases wherein iii
tsr accused is-s person o , l~add the Grnera
Assembly is empea rto extend thin juris
of diction o . said&Couvta to other sub
ad Saci Jtdges shall meet anid i
m, at Col ch timneas the General As
he sembi t 'rescribE, for the purpose
to of lie tei iining all metins fi
new rresfof.judement, andi suct
I. pol naf be submnitted to thein
odsomibl may by Act appoinl
mme5~ for meetn ati theli
t3. Ti 4tot. 1all plrocesse* ahe
a' ' il State o( -i.bCQqrolina 5 All prot
*d shall be oa en oi lfajniempm
'I orllt 3 tate .ut a
ni tie -
rino ofthie 68vypftbe faiI thdd S1 F" I4e shall,
for theo two year. ezt prz~e th*, day ol
electiao, have b eitii 0 .t S ~fto , or,
far tho esAed perld.an all reu1a) id Europe,
who han- d-clared his :-'hteutinoa to bec6mo a
citizen ofrthe Unted Statels, aceArdirng to the
Conastitution and L-cws of the sUmted State
[to hall have residedl in this State lor tt least
twoyears text preecing the day ornilection
neid, for the lasa sIx mntha ofthat time, i th
District in which le offers to vote, prenovded
hlowerer. That the General Assembly inay. by
requiring a registry cf veoters, ear olheirstitca.
ble legislation, guard against frauds in'lec
tiona.aiil usurpeI itins or the rigilt of suffrage
innv itopose cinqualifht-ation to voro as a pun
ishment f.-r crima,.and cmay prescribe acd
litinail qualifications lor votera ini uticipa
A RT ICL, V*.
All person, who shall hen elected or appointe
te tney office #if profit or trust, behire enterin
on the executiocen thereof. shall takee (be'ide
*eper.nl oaths, niot repugnant to thi-a -Consti
titioin, preeccrilhcl by the General Apsonbly.
tle follitvLr oath:
"I do swear (or oilirm) t'at I nan duly quali
lied, accorchng to the Conastitution 'of thi
State, to exareipe the officen to which I hav
heen appoinateld, and that I wiI l to tha1 heat 1
mcy abihty, (lischirge the et utics thereot, an
Preterve. protect and 'defend the Conithnite l
of tlit itafi. and that of the Utiitedl 8cakes. S
help lice God .
A lTICLE VI.
,Nr.eoslN 1.- l'l'b -ouse of Jlepresentative
shall have the sok power of inipeaching, hu
nocim11apehlirhient'll b1 le mad, un-les witi
the otceutaone if two-thirds of the flouse c
$cCTIoN 9. All nineachcments shall be trie,
hy theSente. Whim uitting for that purpr,
the-Ntinators sial I be onl oath or affirenatioi
and ho. phreon shall Ite 'convictei wilchcu
the eoneurreni of two-thirds of the mcemnber
SzOTIo4 3. The Governor. Liautenant-Gov
erecear asd ndilielvil oticera, shall te liablei
impeenaaent fir ligrh cnrmcc ami ccisetmnea
nots,.foriAny isbehavior in Oci-cc. lIr corrucp
tion in practarlur office. or for anyact whiiel
ithall degraete, their ufllcial character. Du
joaidrment -in icih cases ahnil not extend furth
er ticlce it remuval fron oflice, atil diqualifi
.catote te .hold any ofren of tor, tru
or peofitunder this State. The party convict
rd shall, nnvrlieless, be iable to Indictment
trial'judgmentand puniaament accurding t
CTw N 4. All efil officers. who author
ty is lecaited ta a sinerle Judidhil listriut,
sinc Ele tion DI-strict-, or part ofdither,sha
heacppcintedhlci tir office, he 'retnoveo
fromt fino and, in- additioni'to liabillty to if"
-eaeetch eteemay tie pqntshealad for ollh~alial.i
co cet. he wehic anner a the General As
senclly, previous 1u .their appointuent, tea.
SECTION 5. iang.civil officer shall be
conan diAableIl fronti dhicharginr the dutIes <
hia ofnfre, ty reason of any permeaneitt bodil
or mentcical itfirmnity. his offleo inay be teclart
te be veacint, b Joint rcelution, agrecdi to h),
two-thirda or the whole representation In epe
House of the General AesemlAly : Provided
That such resoluctiona shall contain the grourti
for thiet propoed cenoval. anet letoira It sha
pass either llouac a copy of It shall b
served on the officer; and a hearing be allowe
SEcTIMo I. re Treasurer steel the-Sec.e*tnr
ofStata sbatl hie elected by the Geiieral Anesm
bly.ie the Hoou of Represcntnive, shall hol
their aflicei lior four)Ilere and shell not I
eligible for the nextsuger mting, terna.
'aECTtoN 2. All otherofficera shall be apsoint
ed,eca they hthoctdo hcavd becen, uantil tilborwia
lirected by liw; but the name pe-son saliil ne
kold the office of sheriff fcr two cuoneuzuti
SETtoCN 3. All Commissions aliall-be in tt
naice and Icy the authority of the stntattoeaetut
C-crolina. be a ealed .wieh the ael of thile Sta
and be sigiaed by the Governor.
All laws of fornIc in this State, at iho adesp
tion'.ai this Co-nstituton, and not .repuifnae
heereto. shill so cnitifnuti, until altered or re
peale-i hy the G16e'ural Assembly, 6XCe l whni
they are tem'pouary, In. which cue they sh
expire at the - times respectively 'lmitaci ft
Ilseratquciff not continuedby Act ofti
noral Assembly. *
ScRTocN ' AlI poer is oiginhIly investi
aje ptoplo Rod -all rre Governments at
fountwifon.thriatatidrIt . and- are institute
for t .ir.pcrtfa ety tn happiness. a
a d toN'N.',person shcqIl ba~talten, or inl
pirisc. etii or dlered of las lreenald libe
tia or' pritI Ijge ar outlawedor euileJ, or
Kancy ravansiet tarived of his life, lIberty
prony h tt: ue proess of la wrner alec
anybli ofttande pe' fuarlo laeor ti
laimhr the ocbi alace air conttract
* t'e,~i passec b thle Gerne'ra aembenci.
3.t-t 2.'f'ee mcalitary abai beosuburdina
4a~~o Thcoprivilagoof he writ of aae
eqpus elinil neol beuspened;unicsw whcena
caus ol~retielIn orinvsote uisf
requircIt. - lopclost
ibc~eort 5. Ecessive- bail shall not be r
qtuired, nur-oecesivo fines imnp~sed, 1ur crtc
SuoTepN 6. 'The Genceral Assembily shall ac
granet any title of nebility, or horeditary dcli
tinctionc enr creat ,ay uffice, thenepport:
enet toa wheith uhalI be for acny Jconger Lite
than durincer %orl behavior.
SrECTtoN'7. Thec trial by jury, as tceretofic
tised lin this State,antl the liIberty oftitca- pred
snail be fore'ver inviolably preoel-ved. Hut, t
Occncreil Assembly mshl pave power teo dati
mcino the naumber of persons who shall Co
atituto the jury in the Icefortor or. Distri
jacTtoxe 8. The tree exercise a'nd enejome
or religious profession sad worship, witho
Idisacruencatione or preferecaeae.hall be allow
withain tiads State, to all manklind'l PofdA
Th''lat the liberty of conscience hereby decf
shcall noet lhe construced s tq Cee acts
cenitioeessa or jaustify #frdoakiceeo
'with the peace andsafceyuf the, HSto.'
SECTIoC 9. The righats, pivflegesel U,
ties anud estates of hboth gsi I and reil i e
cietles Sanl of corporalo. lei ash rea
as if the ConstitutloA of fatol 10 bei
a ltered1 or amneneo
Sauwte O10 N~I'~ lt
fall to I4ItSe io idle
i '1 es.oittl
Sj a s~Wpes Isd, h, a a
Al ' Mntandaa
tax, all such classes of personfa imn dal -
bilit or otherwise, ovght, I l the p
the eneral Assembly, to 1bi 0et1 P -e -
, - ARTICLNI -
SECTION 1. The business Ofto its -
shall be conducted by one Treastarer, who~.ha
hold his oince and reido at ths seat of ovete,
SSCTIoN 2.. The Secret"t osftate ehallh~if'
his .Iuco and reside at the seat of Govpr0.t 11
SEC.TioN 1 No('Onlvenmtion o thpple a al
be calledi unless by the concujrrenre of two...A.
thirds of the whole representation in each *10l. -
of the General Asserbly. %
- SMeCTos 2. No part o his Constitution sh -
be altered, unlepi a hill to alter the matersh Y -
have been read. on three, several day,; in
ilouse of Its precentativea. anton throe se -
rot days in the Sconte, and. agree-1 to. at (
second ani tiirdi readlingo, *hr two--thirds of
the whole reprexertation i eanh House of th*
General Asmmbly 1 neithershall apy. altera
tion takn effect, untilthe bil. so'mirl'eji td
shall be published for three months previoAd)N
a now 1-e'tlion for members qf. tihi 11puso..'fW
Re >recentativea j nid. I tho alteration,
ed >y thespreceding General Aps mbl,
be a,,ed t,, by the new Genera mb -
id tielr arst oaion, by the- conc l'ence
two-thirds of the whnle reprrementation liV46h/
House, ,fter the s'mc shall houve been readl . -
three several <nays in each, lthen amid not .oth. -
erwise, the samoshall bodome.a' part of thm- -
Done in Convention. at Cialumbla, In tJhetaI
ot South Carolina, the twenlYanyeth' Vd&" iK1, 4
of September. in the year ofoor Lird a
thousand eight hundred and 4isty-fle.,
' D.L. WARDLA W
Prelklent of the tonventlonf
Attest: Jurtn T. StoAqClerk of.the coa
Governmeut of the 0nited St4te,
Secretary of State-W: It, Sew d, ar
l Secret Ary bf War"Rdin M. Staaiojtjn
- Pennsylvanma. ..I!
- 'ostmaster General--liiyal -j jbrndie
Secretayof the Navy-- e. Wele
Secretary of the jnterigr--James Harlan,
Secretary of fle feasury-Huh.U-*,Ml
Atto vy General-James Speed, of Kea,
- President of tihe Senate-Lafaytg a.
t Poster. of Connectcut.
Speaker of tle 1ouse-Sehgyler' Colfax,
Salomon C. Ch 'e. Ohio. Chief justite.
I. L* Jantes M. Wayne, Georgia.
2. Samuel Nelson, New York.
4 3. Robert C. OrIer, Pennsylvania.
4. Natihn Clifford. Maine.
5. Noah If. Swayno, Ohio.
1. Daniel Davis, Illinois.
7. Samuel Miller. Iown.
8. Samutel F. Field, Califorila.
. Wingfield Scott, Virginia.
Ulysses 8. Oramt. of blaid.
Adjutant Generul Lorenzo ThonAs, Dea.
DJudge Advoonte Genet-al, Joseph 1o11,
e Quartermntster Gneral, Monlgoter C.
h Mo1gf, of Pennsylvania.
Tho D14Iuyj jpm'e,
T A8 entered "p9" Its fifteenth yemm~ ls an
it[AlA enlorgeinl form, with h'w yia ier
SausPices hi hly'flatteui
o dalylncreastq-biroui ntc,and-offei tokir.
.I chants an, others: desiring to. detnteasate1
ir with thenouthern pu.blo.'dvantages as .rpa.
e ed .by none. -pp
d O'ne mnth -
n .. w ae t
*el~ thtn slethe.d
. a.des -
Fhro mmmlas w ekly l
utit bur t adeb aupq
thao atoe witcaoare1
thmonthd, wihmarl .
r-y. ThuWRMStp RI~
Threeeeo Sep one
gtUtottCets tulr c t ~
* clouan, wh iaisreful ". Kr aI1W'
the I~oid, W t ti '