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THiA 00 STITUT1ON
Wks, -In1 i'4)IL OF TII STATE OF SOUTH CAIIO
LINA. BY OUR tlt.E:UATE4 IN CONVENTION
PmIs, Iv) ORDAIN AND ESTABLISn TuIS CONSTi
TIeOrN FOR Tu OUVE1NO2ENT OP THE sAID
-rc-toN 1. The Legislative authority of this
Vittie idAl be vested in a General Assembly,
w hich shall conpist of a Scuato and a House
XECTIon 2. Th' I.InHuse of Representatives
rhall be colmposel of Members c5ChOsen by bal
lot, every scOnd year, by tie citizens or this
StWte, qualified as itt this Constitution is pro.
Ssc-rio! 3. 'tach dicial District in the
State shall consetil ite ne Election Diatrict, ex..
4.rept Charleston l)imtritt. Which liall be divi.
4f41 into two Eslection l)istricts,ones consisting
of the late lSa5llhts of St. Phillip 1111 'St.
Nichael, t' he deLinated the Election Dis.
trict of Charleton - the othorr copisittingu of all
that part l.f fhe Juodcial D11st riCt, which is
1ruhout the hwI . in 1 - ia P'Aritiiw'. tu be known
na thel):l ee:i'n Districts aW.e~rkeleiy.
NrcTios 4. The hulitlaries ofr fhe severql Jit.
dicial andl tElection Districts shall re'r t ne
thev a-rn ow etiatlihled.
I:cTiON 5. The lohge of lcpresentitives
eball cons1i t of nn hun(retd anI1id t.wentv filour
1. tnhers. to 1 lipporlioneId amiontr thusoveral
LEjctioi D)stricts of ,th, Statl, 'accord iig to
the nun. r of white inhabitants c1ota11i 1 ied in
jpach, ndill t heIt amount of all taxes raised by tie
Ceneriral Asetnbly.. whether direct or inlitect,
or t wha ever s.ecies paid il each, dfedcttilg
therefrom all taxes paOit 4o aCcoUnt of proper.
ty hebd inl any other District,. and adIinIr
thereto all tnxes elsewhele paid on qccouiu of
property held in such District. An enumera
i 4,2 (olf thke white inhiabit.ts, for this Iirpose,
Was inade i - the Year one thouslind cuitf-ht hull
dred and fifty- ine.and ihliil be imade in thes
course of every tentil year tlierrafter, in such
mainIr as shall be, by law, directed ; and
Itepreicntatives shall he assigted to the differ
4nt Districts in the above-mentioned propor.
tion, by Act of the General Assembly at the
Session immetlintely succeeding every enume
ration : Providedt That until the aiportion
ient, which shall be made. upoin the next enn
meration, shall take effect, tle repre.4lintation
(o the s.veral Elertion Districts, as herein con
stituted, shiall continue ad aisined at the last
appoliionment, each District which ihas been
heretlofore divided into smaller Districts,
tnown IAsParishes, havinLr the argregate num1 -
bor of Repreecuta~tives which tie Parishes
heretofore embraced wkhtin its limits have hd
since that apportionment, the Rlepresentative
to which the Parish of All Saints has beven
herelolOre onlitled, I.ein!t,durintg this intgrval,
aL.4ssign.edt to HIorry le,,ctioni )i-triet.
" WTION 6. I f the enumeraioii herein direct
a 41 shall not be tmade in the couarse of thfe year
-,ppointel for the purpose. it shall be t lie duty
of the Governor to have it effected as soon
thereafter -s Shall be potticable.
S necTioN 7 l igmn-ig Representatives it)
t!%, several Districts, the -General Assembly
sh4all allow one Repreeiotative for every sixty
wC4)ntal part of tIe w'hiole number of white in
Ihb.tant- in th SlAte, and one%. ite)resentative
akiso lor -very sixty sc'ond part of the whplue
ax . ai4"I by thI Ge crial A.meibily. There
siall bw further allowed o Ileresentative
for sudi I'ration Of* thn Sixty second part or
4the White inh11a',it ants, atil of the sixty-second
part ol the taxes, as when auitdd togethelr fo mit
Z:c-riIN t. A!, taxes upon property, real or
p-:.tna 1, ha11 he I ii'l mols. 014 actpal valu4 Of
411, properiy (t4ne1, aoll tile samset shall ble n er.
tayJd by the :wstrnen4 t miade orth por.
pl44' of laying Fehld tafx. Il the(- firat lalpol
Ii inment, whiich shall bw- mnd& unllor the (,on
titlltioln. IIh! ailloullt of' taxes hell be estial.
it-d ft t10 hie14 avera)! Of I he two~yenri f next pIe.
veil!" g a ai apportiomnent ; but in cvoer subll
i4r11iA.t a1pportiolmienlit, from Ill.: average of
th'e tn y.ars then n~ext preen-dlne,
Sek.fo 9. It, ill tl apportionment of Rep
resenotaives any Elcin 1)iatrict shill ap
pear not to bu entitlet, from its population anld
its taxes, i) a icpresettlttvtI; Such Election
Dtriot shall nevertheless Seud one Rtjtprean
ftive ; and, It there be still a deficiency of tihe
nulliher of IeprIesentatiles r'quired by sec
tiot. fifth, such deficiency shall be Supplied by
atssignin i epresentaltives to thoso Election
Diatricts havinig, the largest eurplus fractions,
whether those fractions consist of a combica.
(ion ot popu'lation and taxes, Or of population
Of' taxes separately, until thia number of ogle
hundred a4nd1 twenty h1ur lembers be tnade
ip - Provided, hoever, That not more than
twelve flopresentativer, sha!l, in giny apportion.
imtelnt, be asmigneld to aiylone Ele tioli Distric t.
SFcTioN W0. No apportionment of itepresei
ratives shall be construed to lake effect, ins any
iomnnerguntil thi general election which shall
succeed such apportlotnment,
FCTIoN 11. 'I lIe Sen 6 shall be composed of
one member fron each 'lection Distriet, except
the4 Election ilustrict of' Charleston, to which
ehall be allowed two Senators.
Kc-rioN l'2. Upon the mtI(Oing~ of the frst
General Assemlbly, which shall~bo ctiosen un
dier the provisionsi of this5 Constitution, the
Sentars 51hall ba devided, by Iht, into two
clasees ;1 tre scats of tho0 Senators of the one
class to be vacated at she expiration of four
yea rs ; andI the amnmber of thecse classes shdil
he4 54o proportIoned that one-haif oIf the whole
.nonteber of Senators piay, as nearly as possi
blesrontinue to bo chosen thec-caftea every sec
UrlcIoN 13. No person shall - be olibhito,
otake or retain, a seat iisthe hloulloof ltepre
senltati vs, unils he t isl a rlee witje aman, wh)o
hath attlaie the a go f taty-one years,
h Jath been nI citizen4 andi a resikynt of thIs State
three years nlext pree'cding thoiday of electtona,
an11( hlatha been hor thle last six maoinths of this
tine, anid shall1 continue, a residentofthe Dis.,
trict whichl he Is to represe't,
SxETioN 14. No peoison shall >ec eligiblo' to,
orI take or retain,; a seat -n the Lecale, uless
lie is a free white mean, who hath atiahned thcb
age of thlirty yars,. hiath ben a cItizen-and
residetat of' this Slate fivo-yetars nelxt procr-ding
the day o)f election, abdjath been, fur, thu lah,
-six ntihs of' th~is tlfeimiand sh-ill contin'ue to.
ble, a resident of the Districttwhichb he Is to rep..
rteent. , . ,
SreC-rIo 15. ,Anaft 55hand Membersof the
hIotnae of itepresentatives shall be cflbeen at a
genleral ele4ction onl' tho thhlid IVednesy In
October In the present ye ' and on Jhs same
liannler; and for stuch te of oflice, as are
boint ilrected. . '46) shall mecyti the
fcarthi Monday itt November, andlally, at,
'. o Illumbia, (which shall reain tho seal of
f rGoverniment, until otews eemndby
of thle wholo representation,) tanlesa the CaIsu?
allne or contagious dIsorders shall ren-I
er' to meet(2 thae I ;In 'eiher uf~w hth
lng, iaiy~by prolclam~ation, ap
cci td convenaien4 piace of
TIW'men of ofilce of the Senua
o,~ snatives,t chosen at a genersi
-lee 11 all begt on Monday following
Swrnox..7 Esch ouse aall j'dgecof the
olecioism, ret urno an'd q;ualifirationa of its owl
Mluber ; aid it nijurity of ench house.eIalt
onstituto a quornttun to do buanesa ; litl I
aialer mutnher inay adjourn from day to day
and inly be auit horized to coapel tho attend.
anmace of absent Lnleaanbers, in such onaniar, an<c
undelr Ruch penaltles, as may be provided by
S'CTION 18. &tela Iloudo hall choose its owa
oaliecr, deterinie its rules of proceeding
p)unish its lI~embers for disorderly behaviajr
atod, with the concurrence of two-thirds. exie
a lateinber, but not at seconid time for the eamn
8EcTIoN 19.. Each olluie may punish, by imn
pHsontnent, durin its situtIg. any person no
a hiember, who shall be guilty 01 diarcpeet tI
g' Ilouse by any diaorderlv or contcmptuo
ehavilor in its parecwnce; or who, during th
tittlc of its rittinag. sli threaten harn to boda
or estate of al ny Meniltbet for anythitar said or
alone in oith r f louse. or who shall assault anj
or ticmn therefor, or wiho) shall assault or arres
any witness or other person ordered to.ateit
thi lltouian, in his goaing thereto, or reraninig
therefrom, Ur who shall rescue aly person hr
rtst4al by ordcr of the llouse.
tireortoN 20. The anbers of both Hlouse
shall Le protretead in their persons and estate
aluringr their atetraItnC on, gainr .to and re.
turnitng fron, lite Oeteral Assenbly, ind ta1
days previous to wt sitting, timid ten days af.
ter th adjournmentt thereof. But theoe privi
hL'es shall not he extendedh so as to protect any
Member who shall be elarged with treason
telony. or breach of the peeco. ,.
SvcTaoN 21. lills for ralline a reve nue shal
originate in the House of Representatives, but
oney le altered, anmetacned or rejected by the
Senae ;taad all other bills rany originate ir
either llouse, anl may be amendcd, altered or
rejected by the other.
* SEcTaoN 22. Every Act or Resolution having
the force of law shall relat', to but one subject
and ihant shall be exoresed in the title.
SEc'"toN 23. No bill sha' have the force of
law until itushall have bcen read three times.
and on three. several 4ays, in each Hloudae, has
hal the seal of the Staite affixed to it, ani has
been signed in the Senate louse by the Presi
dent of the Senate and the Speaker 'of the
loase of Ilepresrntvtives.
SecTioN 24. No money shall he drawn out
tf the Public Treasury but by the legislative
authority ofathe State.
ScTaON 26. In all elections by the General
Aiscinbly, or either House thereof, the mem -
berd shall vote '-viva voce," and their votes thus
given, shall be ciitered upon thejournals of lite
louse to which they respectively belong.
SEcTaoN 26 The members of the Gcnnral
Asscmnbly, who shall meet under this Constittf
ion. shall lie entitled to receive out of the l'uh.
lic Traitsury, for their expenses during their
attendaneg on, gomig to and returning from,
the Gcgoral Assembly, live dollard for each
days attendance, and twenty cents for evecy
anile of the ordinary route of travel betwecti
the resifemiceorvie Member and the capital or
otherplico ofsitting of tho Geocral Assembly,
both going and returnig ; and the sai ay
De increased or dioliisnqd .by law,' If circim.
stattevs shall require ; but .no alteration shal
ho made to take effect du ing the existence o
the Ueneral Assembly. which shall make suet
SECTos 27, Neither lloui, durinr tbe ses
tion of the Ganeral Ass'enbly, shall, without
the consent 144 the other. utijourt. for more
than three days, nor to any othaer ilace that
that in which tho'Assemblysshall be at the time
sitting. . ,
Secio' 2S. No person shall be ltgibale to n
seat in the Genera Assembly whilst he hola,
any oflice of prolit or trost under this State
the United Stata o( America,'or any of them
or uider any other power, except oticers in
the iaalitia, army or navy of ills Sitate, Magia
r ales or Justices of Inferaor Courts, while sucl
Justices receive no salarica; nor-shall any
contractor of the irmy or navy of this State
the Umated states 9( Amdricn, or any of them
or the agen ta of suh contractor, be elitrible ti
a stat in cither llouse. And if any.Me ilbc
stll accept or exercise any of the said disquali.
fying offices, he shall vacate his peat.
SEcTIoN '29. If any Election Disll iet slai
negect tll choose a member or members on the
day of election, or 'if any perryn chosen a
aineber of either IHouso shall refuso to quali.
ty and take his sent, or shall tesign, di,.de
part the State, accept any' disgualifying office
or becomo otherwise ditsqailahied 'to hold ilia
seat, a writ of electioti shall b issued by th<
President of the Senate o1 Speaker of the
I louse of Representatives, as the care may .be
for the pairpose Of fillindho-a0 vacancy thereby
occasioned, for the remanaider of the terin foi
which the person lla tsing t4 qualify, re
signing, dymig, departiAg-the Soate, oar becon
inir disqualified. %% elected to serve, or til
defAultng Election District ought to have
chosen a meanber or mrnbetrs.
SFcTIdi 30. And wherias, the ministers ai
the Gospel are. by their profeision, dedicated
to the service of God and the cire of souils
and onga t not be alivertail from fhie great du
tis of-their libnctions, therefasre, ntotaministel
of the Goaiel or puablin preacher of any re.
liglonip persuasion,0lhilst lie continues in the
exercise of his pastoral functions. .shall be
eligible to thae office of Goavernier, Lieean
Goivernaor, oaf to a scat in' the Seate or .thaa
House of Representatives
SbcinoN I. The Execuative~eathority of (his
Ststeshaall bevesteda ins a Chief M:agistraae, whe
shall be smyle4t, Tholi Governomr of (lae State o
-SEcToN 2. T1he Governor shaall,be elected bi
the ~lectaoas (duly -lualifitad to vote for mnembers
of the liouse of it.proeschtativeus, aund shall hnoha
bigs ofili fur four years. aand until bia su'ces
sor shtall be chiosetn andl quaplified ; but tha
satun persian shall anot- be Goternor for tiw<
, EcTIoN 3. No perqon shall be elIgible to tha
offico od Governor, uaahess hte basth att-imoid the
uigeof thIrty years, s'cid hath been a citizer
atad residlent of tis State far the ten ymeara
nae,xt praecedlig the aday of election. And na
person shall haoldl thae flice of'Governor. ant
ay eothar office or comumsin, civil or milita,
rv, (except in tailitia,) uander this Stato or tha
United States,cr any of them,or say othei
poe er, at .one and theo same lttme.
SRcTIiZI 4. Tue returns of eyery eleotlon o
Governoir shell be sealed up by tho Managern
of ElectIons inm theIr -respective DIstricts, an
iansamitted, lby a messenger chaosen by thema
to thet seat of Govenmenit, dlireted to thae
Secretary of-State, who abtall deliver them tc
the Speaker oP'the Ihouse of Representatives
at the nexat etusuing session of the General As
semibly, a lurIng the first week of whicha ses
sion th6e Speaker' shall open and publish thien
in thai presence of both hlouos edf the General
Assembly. TIt person havin th hges
number of votes, shall be Go ror th hi chwo
oaf mnare shall be equal aand hihghest in votes,
the~ Genaeral Assemobly shall, durintg the sae
session, in the Hoiuse of Riepresentat ives, choose
unac of thema Governor vita ioee Contested 51ee
lions Abr Governor shall be determined by the
[heneral Assembly In such manner &s hbali be
prescrIbed by law..
SecTnoNs 5. A Lieutean Goverpor shall be
hbosensat the same tIme, in the safflo mnahuer
aontinuo in oftice for sthe sante poiniod, and ye
nouas'ett of~lhessame qualificatiomns as the Gov
ernor, snd shall e ficio be President of the
SrmloNe ti. The Lieutenant QgyerBaorsnllug
is President of t'ho-Senato, shall have uo vdto.
un less the .euate We equally divided.
SacTIe 7. Thu Senate shall chc.oso a Preai
dlent pro enpore to act in the absenco of the
Lie e(utean t- 0over n ,r.. r when -he shall exer
ciso the offico of Governor.
SLCTtON 8. A meniher of the Senain, or of
the iouse or Reprewcntatives. being chosen nnd
acting as. Goverritcr or- Lieutenant-Governor
shill, thoroupon vacato Maee seat'. and another
Pelson shall be elected in his stead.
'SOcTIUO 9. It case of tho'impe-chment of
the Governor or his removal from office. death,
resigneation, dirqualification, disability (or re
imoval.fromn the Sthee, the Lieutenant-Governor
* shall sacceed to lia olico, And inl case (i tlhe
inicacInnent of li Lieuenart Governor or
his remcovi from office, dcatl, resignation, dIa
qualtication, disability or reiival frotm the.
fe, the President pro lenpre of tho Secnato
shfall succeed to his office ; and when the offien
of the Governor. Liecitenant Oyvernor and
President pro ftmpore of the Soenat shall be
come vacant in the recess of the Senate : the
Secretary oif State, for the time being. shall,
by proclamation. convene the Senate, that a
President pro lempore niay be chosen ti) exer
cise the offico of Govoenor for the tnexpired
SECTION 10. The Governor sliall be Com.
mander-in- Chief of the Armny and Navy >f
ila State and of the militia, except when they
shall be called into the actual service ofthe
SECTION I1. lie shall have power to grant
reprieves and pardons alter conviction, (except
i ca es ofinspeachment,) te such manner, ol
such terina acnd under sueth restrictions as ln
shall think proper. and ho shall have power to
remit fines and forfeitures, unless otherwise
directed by law. It shall be his iuty to report,
to the General Assembly at the next regular
scesion thereafler all pirdons granted by him.
with a full statement of each cacse and the rea
sons moving him thereuntoc
SEcTIoN 12. 'llo shall take caso that the
laws heo faitifuilly executed in mercy.
SECTION 13 VheGovernor tel Liecutenant
Governor shall, atstatet times. receive for their
services a cumipensation which hall be' neitlter
increased nor dtmished during tlhe period
for which they shall lav iken elect
SUcTION 14. All,offlers in tle Executive
Departmient, when reqitred by the Governor,
shall givn h!cn information in writing upon any
subject relating to ite duties of their respec t
SECTION 15. The Governor shall, from tion
to time, give to the General Assembly infor
aration of the condition of the State, and re
commend to their consideration such merasure.s
as he shall judge iecessary or expedient.
SucTIoN 16. Ile mey, oe 'i extraordincary oc.
casionetColVene the General Asse-mbly, and
should either [1ouio romain without a qeuorumh
for three days. or in case of disngreement ho.
twecen the. two Iciuses. with respect to the time
of adjournment . iay adijourn them to secli
titmc as he shall Ihink proper. not beyondl tle
rourth Monday of November then next enste.
.cTIO N 17. Ila shall commission all offi.
cat s of thie State.
-SEcTToN 18 . It shall be the dhty of the
Mautngersol Elections of title State. at the first
general elections under this Constitution, And
at each alternate general election thereafter,
to hold an eleation e Governor and Licuiten
SEc-1i31 19. The Governor and chie Liouten.
ant-Governo before entering upon the cluties
of thei r respective ofm.:es.shall, in the presence
of the General Assembly, take the oath
of office precrihed in this- Constitution.
SEcTION 2t. Tho Governor shall -reAlde.
during the sittinir of the General Assembly, at
the place where its 'session mcay be hoel ; and
the General Aseembly may by law, requi.c
him to'resuo at the V'uptol of tle Stelo.
SEcTION 21. Every Hill which shall ttccvo
Passed the Genceral Assembly, shall, boJere it
become a law, im presented to the Governur ,
tf he approve, ic shall sign It ; bout if not, he
abhali return it, with his objections. to that
Iloise in which it shall have originated, who
shall enter the eh.iections at large oi Iheir jour.
hal; and proceed to reconsidor it. It after sneti
reconsidericuon, a majority of the whole repre.
sentaitln of that House shall agree to pass the
Bill, It shill be sent, together. with the objec -
lions, to the oteher House, by which it sAtall
likewice he re.considered, and if approved by a
m jfrity of the whole representatipn of that
other II-ouese, it shall beconio a law. But In all
such case-i the votes of both Houses shall be
determined by yeas and nays, acnd ile namies
of the per-sons voting for and again.t the Bell
shall be en ered on the jourpal of each [louse
respectivelv . If any Bill shall not be returned
by the Governor within two days (Sundays
excepted) after it shall bave been presented to
him, the saine shall be a glw It like manner
a if he had signed it. And, that time may al.
wpys be aMoweld the Governor toconsitcr
Bills passed by the Geteerfal Assembly, neither
I Ilouese shall read any Bill bn th ae laily a I Its
session, except such Bills as have been
returned by theGovernor as hetcin provi
AR R LE Il,.
is~c~eow 1. The judicial power shall be vest
eldiu such Sueperior and Iniferior Courts of
Inw cend Equity as the General Aseibly
shld, from titme to tIme, direct and est ablisip,
Thle Jtudges of' the Supuriotr Ccurts shall be
elected by-the Gecneral Ascsemnbty, shall hold
tneir offices dluringr good behtavcur, andl shall,
at slated timeae receIve a compensation *for
their services. which shall neIther be increas
ed nor dImInIshed during theIr conctinuc'ioc
In office ; but they shsll receive no tees oir
perquisites eofofice, cop hold any othier office
oi profit oir trusat under thIs State. the United
ligtes of A merIca, or any of thech. or any
omter power. 'The General Assembly shall, as
soodr as possible, establIsh for each Ialtrlct In
the Slate san lnferior Court or Courts, to be
styled "The District Court,"the Juetp whereof
shall hce residecnt In the District wIte in office,
shll be elected bythe General Ascrembly bor
four years, snd shall be re-eliglble, which
Court shall liava juriedk tion of all civil causes
whereine one or both of the parts are persocns
of ?'olor, andc ofall crIminal case, wherein lice
*ecused is s persoti of'cohor, and~ the General
Assembly is emnpowdred to extend the jurne.
dlicinon of the s'aed Court to othier sub.
SxCTiON 2. The Juadgeis shall meet anid sit
at Columia, at sudh'time as'ithe Gencera l As.
semably may biy Act prescribo, for theh purpose
of hearing ande determining altl motioncs foir
new trials and Its arrest of jciderment, andl suchl
points of latw as' may be subtnIttecd to thtem,
and the General Asseinbly may by Act appoint
such oilier places for such nceetig as in fiele
discretion ccgy seem fit,.
SaccoN'3. The style of all processes asih
bo, lThe Slate of South Carolhins ". All plop.
eutions shall be carried on Ie thee namne anid
by the anthority of the 8 e of South Card
lIne, and conclude, saghins e p~eaad dig,
nIty of the samo."C . - .
'In all electiqeto bqansde bthe people of
this State, or ofang etu' ihef for c~vil et
politieal offices eyi/sbeJI be etti
to vote, who has tbg lw qaldai
He spe be awibbes atthh.
ed the age of d is not a
wate soldier of the signy, "or
rin ofttbo navy ofthe Untited 8tycles. le shall,
for the twoycars next Irceedinr thu day of
el-ction, have been a citizen or this Stato , or,
rcr the same. period. nn emirant frome Europe,
who has declared hid. intention to become a
citizen ofthe UnitedStates, necordieig to the
Colantitution and Lawn of the United tites.
le shall have resided in this State for at least
two years next precedinir the day of election.
and, for the last six months of Ihat .time, in the
Diet rict in which he otlers to vote, prowtdu,
hotecrer, That tio General Assembly Inay, by
requiring a rertst ry "i -.iters, or other suita
bie legisfaton, ouam d against frauds lee in'c. .
tions,,antd ustrpiations or the right of suffraee,
tmay impose disqualification to vote as a pun
ihmtent for crime, and may prescribe ad.
:htliontal qualificatioU for voters in municipal
A RT7ICLE V.
All Persons, who shall be elected or appointed
to 1.ny ofico eoi proit Or trust, befo'n entering
otn th executto thereof, shall take (lcaides
specal osaths,.iot repugnant to thi.e Cetsti
tutihn, prescribed, by the Gcneral Assotebly.)
the follokwinlg uathl :
",I de swear (or affirm) th'at I am duly quali
lied, acco:duneeg to the Constitution of this
Staty, to exercise the office to which I have
been appoinued, and that I will, to tlin best of
ty ability, dischargo the etiies Ic-thecr, and
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution
of'this State, and that or the United States. So
help me God."
.SECTioN I. 'the House Or lRCpieneiitatives
ehall have the sol power or impeacli'ntg, but
no impeachentit shall he nnde, unless with
the coicurrence of two-thirds of the flouse of
SCcTioN 2. All impenachmontO shall be tried
by theSenat!.. Wheti sitting :or that purposc
the Senators shal I be ot oath or offirmatjion,
and no per-on shall be convictut without
the cotcurrence of two-third-i of the metmbers
SEcTIoN 3. The Governor. Lieutenanti-Gov
ernor, and all civil' oflicers, shall he llible to'
inpenchteneent for high criecs aid miedemren
note, fir -.ny miablehavior in oei)e, for corruip
tion in proctorinr office, or for anynet which
shall degrado their official chatetor. lut
judgment. In such cases eiall not extend furth
er titan to removal rrom ofilve, ned dishallifi
cation to hold ainy office of honor, trust
or p-oefit uider this State The. party convict
e d shall, nevertheliss, be linble to inlictment,
trial, Judgment and punishment according to
Sic'rtiN 4. All civil oficecrR, whoM authori
ty is itetite:l to a single Judichil District, a
simgle Election District, or part of either,shall
be appointed, hold their ofice, be removed
from nfien and, in addition to lialt'lty to in
'eachinent, may lie punished for official ml.,
conduct, il such manner as the General 'As
sienblyprevious. to their appointment titay
SECTiON 6. Ifany civil officer shall. be
come disable;t froin diech-irgiig the dtuties it
lis office, by reason of an permannt bodily
or menital itfirmilty, his oflice maty he declared
to be vaecaft, by Joint rJIutinn. a ngr ed to by
two-thirds ol the whole representatito in cach
ilouse.of the General Assenbly : Provided,
Thait uch resolutiuon hall contin th grouinils
for the propoecd renoval. 'and befecre I! shall
pasa either ilouse, a copy of it -liu, be
served oi the officer, and'a hearing be allowed
SsecTtuN I The Treasurer and the Recretary
ofState shall he elected by t)eGeneral Apsee
bly~ini the1 1loueu or Re'presentative.*, shall hold
thueir teffices for four yiafs nid shall not be
oligihlafcr the next succee hing terns.
NecTION 2. A I-other offcera shall he npoint
ed, ac they hitherto have been, until otherwise
directed by l.w;-bt the same pereon shall nlot
hold the oiice of eheriff fur two coieocutive
SVcTroN 3. All comminaions shall ba in the
name and by (he authority of thc Staie (i~outh
Catlina, be tcaled with the seal of the State,
and be si$tied by the Governor.
All laws or force in this State, .at the adiop
tion of this Cotstitution, and nyt repugniant
bernto, shall so continue, until altered or re
peale-i by lie Gent ral Asembly, except where
they are temporary,,in which case they absll
expire at the times reepectively t-piertxui t.
their duration, if not continued'by #ct of the
SEcTIoN I All power is originally invebled
the peoile, and all free Governments pre
foune on their authority, and areinstituted
for their peace, salety and hacppintess.
SEcTioN 2. No person Shall be'taken, or iM
priso <d., or disseized of His frechold, liber
ties or privileges, or outlawedy'r cxiled,-or'in
sny imanner deprived of ile life. liberty or
property. but by due process of law : nor shall
any bill ofatta[nder, ex post facto law, or the
!nw impairing the obli tratien of contracts,
ever be passed by thdGencerah Aesembuly.
iSsc:'eoN 3. Thu itolitary shall beeubcordincate
to the clvil power.
SxcrioNs 4 The privilege of thce writ of/sabees
corpus shaell noet be suspenided, utile., when, In
ease of rebecllioni or invasinc h ulcsft
require it. .Ic ulcsft
iOTee:N 5, Excessive ball shall not be re
quIred, nor excessive fines imposedl, neor cruel
Ssomoeso 6. Thelc Ge'nerai'.Assemobly shall not
gratnt any title of nobility, Er hereditary dies.
tincetloq, tear create sany otlice, lice arppoint.
moent te which shall be for ancy Juonger te
than durltig good behavior.
SacTION 7. Thle tria bjury, as herehtore
usedi in ibls State,and Ihe'liberty of thce press,
shall be forever ineviolably preserved, lut the
GenceralI Assembly shall leave power to deter.
mine the number of' persions who shall c'cn.
stituto thee jury In the Inferior or Diatrict
scoN.Tho: free exeise anid enjoyiment
discrimmiationc or preference, shall be allowed
within tehi State, to all mankInd : Provdd
Thai the liberty of conscience hereby deciaased
shall ncot be construedi as to excuss acts of JI.
eentisestness, or justify practices trionsisint
with ts peace aned safetyof thce State..
ties ande ctes le boh rlvie e i so.
cesteelan of corporate bodIes, shall emain
as if the Constitution of this~taes h not been
altered or amneled,
sell linut re-ab iet, ad ro shal it
fall to be .eohne legislatIve p Ision for the
equitable dlIdribtnof te ates oits
tates. . .bto the- l..
Buotiow I1. The slaves bouth Carolina
hainben naocpae the action ofth
tor' crimne, whereof the~ y shl aebe
duly convidtedJ, shall ev re-establIshed in
- Ain "ata. .R.
.Suoere 1. The G I AsAmbly, when-'
over a taa Is laid u nd, shall, at thes same
tithe,, limpeso a capie tax, whIch -shall snot
iless upon dach than one-fourth oftthe
laiad-o n pthid doilars worth of
lb a * valu lb. land taxed I exceptig
however, omperts of eupb capitation'
tax, all such ciues.:P of persoins,as- f roin ,u
tihtyr or otinuewise, ou-ght, in, tle j'tiltaitnt f
the General Aes'eiblv, to b, exei.ptt .
SECTION 1. The business (if fith- Treasti
Ohalt be conducted by one Tr'easure-r. who ha
hold his office and.reside at the seat of Govern
tiuent. 2 eto oen
cTrIoN 2. The Secretary of Stato shall bold
his oiflico and reside at the seat of Govern
SECTIoN I NoConvetiionof the peopleshall
he ralled, unless by thc cotuurrenice of two
thirds of the whole representntion in each House
of the Genieral Assembly. .
SEcTo 2. No part ortiisConstittion1 shall
be altered, unless a hill to alter thn ramfo shall
have been read. on three several days, in the
11ouse" of Repro.4cntatives. and on three seve
ral (lays in the Fenate, and harrce I to. at the
secoie and third readings, by two-thirds of
the whole rcpresentietion in eich Ilou-se of the
General Assembly ; peither shall any. altera
lion take eflect. unt the biK, to ageed to,
shall be published for Mree months previous tp
a new clection for mnenbers of the lini1C of
Repreasentatives ; and. if the alteration propog
ed by tbc preceditig General Assembly, shall
he aeroedl to), by the new Goneral Assembly.
in tneir first segaloi, by the- concurrence of'
two-thirds of the whole rqpreschtation .in each
Ilounc, after tho sino alil lne be-p read on
three several days in each, then and nol oth-.
erwiso, the Paineshall becoino a part of the
Done In Convention, at Cilumliia, In the State
of South Carolina, the twenty-seventh day
of Septemnber. lh tha year ofour .Lokd otnq
thousand eight hundred atnd vixtyfi
D L. WARDLA W
. Pretldi' oft he Conventirm.
Attest : JonN T. SLOAN, Clerk of the Con'
Government. of the United Stites.
Presidenta--Andrew Johnson, of Tonnes.
Secretary of ' State-.W. 1I. Seward, of
New York. -
Secrethry of War-'-Edwin M. Stanton, of
Sennsylvania. . ,
1'oitnaster Gencral---yillini Donnison,
. Secretary of the Navy-Gideon Welles, of
Secretary of tlte interior-Janies Iarlan,
* Secretary of t he .Trensury- -Iugh McCul
' Att rney General-James Speed, of Kon
- P.resident of lto Senate--Lafayetto S.
Poster, of Connecticnt.
Speaker of the lionse,-Schuyler Colfax
Salinon C. Chase, Ohio, Chief Justloo.
1. .jntmes Al. Waiyno. Georgia.
2. Saittel Nelson, New York.
:3. Ilobert C. Grier, Pennsylvania.
41,Nathan Clifford. Mlaine'.
6. Noah 11. Swayne, Ohio.*
G. Danliiel Davis, Illinois.
7. Sanmel Miller. lowa.
8. Saunel F. Field, California.
LIr UTKNAtNT (3r.NFRAaL.
Wingfield Scott Virginia.
' lysue.s S. Grant, of Oltio.
AdJintant General Lorenzo Thomas, Dela
Jnitg Advocate General, Joseph 11011,
Qtiartermarter General, 31ontgomery C.
Mleigs, of' Peunsylvania.
-The Daily EgXike?Sq
_T AS entered u oi its fifteeith year, in an
enlarged to tm, with new ty e. tnder
auspices highly flatterinor. ithas aPlarge and
d aily increasinor circultiaion, and offers to mer
chants anJ others desirinst to conmuieate
with theS uthern public, advaitiuges surpass.
ed by none.
. ADVERTICING R ATES:
Two' yeeka. %6 IMl'
Oa oth .................... 6 On
Ttr months ....................... 10 00
Three mnatitha.....................o~r 01)
Six monthe ..'"
One year....................... 40 00
* TWO UQUARE11
Twon weeks Tosaas
One month....................... ''" 0
Tyo 'month ''.................... 12 00
Thire nionth. . .
Xx moh'--.-....... 8 00
One year.'".-"".----.-.....'. .30 0l
Peraons dasirirng a greater quantity of space
tan aoo es natedg, wilt be accotmmod.,ted
8lge Copy, (mnailed) a 6 etc.
tn'month, do , . 7
l'hn:ee fnonth;, do . 9 2 00
:.ix (nonths, - ..do .; - 00 -
Qno ycar', do * *. '60
-4. CRIIT'CHFIED & CO.
ct 24' ~ Petersburg, Va.
- TIso.Whaite Miaum'i Paper.
THE NEWV YOtIK .DAY B00.
The Da Blooil, 'not rep,'inted'from a
dail.y,lbut a made up erpressly 'for ueeJ'
ci'mebtiton, with a carefhl summary ef
netwst fronm all the States, and all ,parts
the World, with marke't Rleports,''Ag'
tural, Finance, Literature .&c..
fBRAIS C A811- iN 1A VA Nw.
One oPy one year -- -- 2
Three copiles ope year 6
Fijo copies one year, and one to the,
getter up ofthe club, - . 10 00 -
Tqmn copiels one year,,tnd oe -to the '
getter uP of the club, 17 00O
Twenty copies to6eaddrwsg e 8 (
- Od spbscribrsotite D ad lirp' -4
out the Southern States, will reeva hq.
value stlSl dus thema ,.notlfyihg' us of-.
1.he present postoffle det,,
Send) *or i6 Ipelmen oe, -whid will b.e
State in fhl, O tconyat
-No.1 l2 (N64Irij,Nw.York.
Eer sale by y~vea s 'in ohisi
'1B FRltW~Zp oreery olasa and
LV ~t~ 9u.939 tie fiee