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'IH E 00sSTITUTION
wR, THE P941PL9. OF TIi ATIR OF SOUTH CA RO
t.INA. BY OUR *DELEA'TEP IN CONVSNTIoN
flT, Doojim AND EbTADLIGSn THis CON6TI
TUTtON FUR THR '0UviaNMiBNT OP TIE sAID
* AjtICLE 1:
Si-omoN 1. The Legislative authority or this
State shall be vested in a General Asenbly.
which siall consist of a *Senate, an d a Hlou.e
SectrON 2. The ln Wq of Representatives
sllli he composed of Members chosen by bal
lot, every acontid year. by thbe citi.ensof this
State, qualified a in this Constitution is pro.
SreVIos 3. Each Jodicial District .In the
State SI11 coitst itute onte 16- -tion-Diatrict, ex
cpt Charlestert t)istrict. wl i b shall be divi.
<. it 1111o wo Electiotr l)ii4icts. one contistinr
#if the- Ito Parishes of St. Phil lip and st
Miichiatti. i be desionated tho E leattion Dis
trict of Charletonl ; the other consistisr of all
th t rt of tie- Jludicial District,' which is
withoutil the ittiss of raid Pariiihes. to be known
as ithe Election listrictit oIerkeley
rcrToN 4. The boundiarieqn.-the several Jt
dietal ant EIlect4an 1Districts satli remttain ad
lhey are now establlishh<I,
5cr a. The loae of lepresentatives
shalf o or one iidred and twe-aty four
M mhers. to be apporined amoig the several
eciotn Dtstrics or the State, acordin to
the ntanWer of white inhabiaenns cotta in
each1"nd the amtaount oft all ti'xets rairel by the
General Ateniably. whether direct or indirct,
or tl whatever swrie3 paid it, titch, leductintag
therefrotn all taxes puat Ott account of proper
ty held itt atnv other Dist'iet, and addiitg
thereto till taxes e-lsewt-here paid on account of
propert) hcid itt soi l)itrict. An enumaera
tiont of tile whitet ihbita , for this purpo e,
was inade i the year one thousaind -ibitt hun
dred and filty-ntite. antad shall be ial dt inl the
course of every tenth year tIfe-re-after, in *;ech
nvttner as shall be, by law. directed ; nud
Ittepresentativea iftall he asigneti to tiae diff.-r
ent Districte in the above-nentioned propor.
tin. by Act of the Ge-eral Assembly .t the
sesslon ittmediately atcreedinag every entte
rationa: Provided. 'Tat until the arportion
.mtaeat, which shall be mn. a tpon the next cat
nieration, shall Itake efTct,. ti represettail
of the s-veral Ele-tion Districts. a- hereitn con
stituted.shalt continue as.i altsigneaad at the l..t
apportiotunt,-t each District which 'has been
heretotore divided inato staaller Districts.
mnown as Parielts, having the ag'gregaai- tin -
her of Riepresen tatIVes whicah tile PariiAes
heretof.a, eibraced within its liamits have haad
since fiilt apporionmntt, tite lItepresentative
to which tih,- Parish tit All Saints has hbeen
heretofore ct'itled, heitne.during this ihterval,
atenitraed It lorny i.Iacttion l.it ict.
srCTI0N 6. It the enumeration hercin direct.
*aI stan ot le tde L. l u:e ofthL*.
r-ppiiod for thet purpose. it shlil be the aluly,
af hie Governor tl Ianve it efrected as soon
thereafter as siall be p tiicable.
SLcrTos I Ia nssige1nnatr Representatives to
tt,- .eeveral Districts, ie~Genecral Asseanibly
shialt allow otc Represeatative for every sixty.
sectonldf ptart of Ithe whole tuntiber of white itt.
habi tatt ian the State, and one liepresentativc
tl- far every sixty second part of tle whole
aIxes raised by Ih Ge -eratl Aesembly.- 'l'here
hall Jet- further aIlowed ate Iepreentuttive
faelneh finet-oa taf tIhe sixty-sec'nl part Of
t1, w%-title inhabitants, and of ithe 'pixty-second
part #- the taxes, as when added together flt it)
c-rw.,t 8. A Il taxes upon property, real or
p.-ronial, shliall it Ltairl o0 tle actuial value of
Iw proliety taxed, as the sane shall ite ascer.
-altn1 ily the a1ssaetentt ia - rthe put
*te of laymtg sucth tax. 1In tie- lirt appor
i smennt whiebtshall ie atdo ttater the Con
stilttion. 'teh iatourt of taxes i.all Il cotia .
tad fbot the averAue of tihe twoyeae next pre-.
reelit g a ich alpportioanent ; but ina ev-er sub
t!(juel i aportio-.m-ett, from t.a averago of
tire teat y -at a thep next precediair.
ht:cTio 9. If. itt th apportionment of rep
resettat V ; atly Elveion Diistrict alal ap
pear not to be entitled, romn itt population atlt
it axes. to a mlepresentaive; such Election
District sha1ii nevertheless send ote R -preset
tntiil- adatt, it there be still a deficianey of the
tumber of Repr-senttativea reqeired by se
tion filth, sudl delicientcy shall be supplied by
assignaing-Representatiives to thoe Election
Districts havintr th larrest eurpits fractions,
whether those fractions consist'or a cornbirtt.
tion of population sad taxes; or of population
or taxes separatcly, until thle n piber of onte
hundred antid twetaty-four Meaters be made
tp. - Plovided, howrvr. That tot more thaan
twelve Representativcs slAI Iin any apportion.
mett, be assigned to any one Electiot )istric.t.
-rtot Il). No apporionmnt of Represe
tiatives sthl be constrtued to fake effect, it soy
annstaer, untilile genteral electiont whatch *halli
saucc-eat such apportionmena t.
hxcnr0 Il. T he Sente tahall ite composed-of
one mnember (frm each Election Dietr iataexcept
thei Election District of Chaarlestaon, to which
shall be allowed twoSenatora.
ascrtoN 12. Upon',$te metaetlng of thte first
Genaeral Assernbly, whicht shall be citosen un
der the .provisionas of .this Coostitution,. the
Itenatora shall be deavidedi, by lot, ingo two
classes ,theseats of the Senatora-tof the one
clatss to be vacatd at aho expirationt of four
years ; sand thc natmber of thecse classea shall
hiaso proportiouned thtat one half of te whlae
numtber of Senators may, as aneaarly as possi
ble conatintue to bg chahena therrearter every sec
*hd year. - *'
recrrN 13. No person shall bte eligible to-,
or tateoor retan, s meet in that flouse of Repro
senttatives, unaless he is a free whiite man, whto
hath attaitued the ago <f twety-one ya are,
hath been a citizen an't a resident taf thi Stpte
three years next preneding~ thet day uf election,
atn hath been for flt. last sit mthtis of-this
time, andt shalf centinuei d reslgentof thle Ds.,
trict wich hte Is to represeti
Sxc~-aoN 14. Nypea son shatll be eliible to,'
aor take or rettain, a seat. a the hentate, untless
he is a free \ wte man, wh ht tan' the
age of thirty 9ears, ' bath been 'a citiien andt
rersdent of at State jlavo years ntext prevreding
he dtay of elecaloaon and hath beent, for thlaIa,
.six moltti~S of thiu me'an~d sheslI continue to
be, aresident of th Djtrio wh 11h he isleo rep
SacTroi '15.- -Rtenafbrs a'rid Miembersof the
IHodtse of.Representatlves shell -be choseni at a
arenreral efejIson, op ')ha thbird Wededaay -id
Ocejober 1.-tlho preso t year, aitd on thae samte
dat itt every secon i yost', tikeceefter, in such
moanaer, andi for sor b termis oaf 4a, as are
haereip ,dlrected. They shall~meet .on, the
fn'ajrth Mondpy. 1jt NoyetsbdrAbtally, at
Coelumt~s, (whlenl a'hall reanr 1trh seat of
vernmehtt, tuntil other-wise detervmined by
itcurrence oftt wo-eirdsplIf both branches
*rW whole represent&tloan,) unless the enseu
ajiles of war or contaarious disorere *blti ren
' dear it unhsefe to ittet Ite t in either uf-ahich
cases; tm Goveor, or (ditanmndardn-cilef,
fauv the time betskr, mey', by proatlamaatlon, ap
poInt a mos'e secute ad contvenlept place er
Iiacvroaw 16 The terms of office 'of the Sens.
tors and RepresentatiVes, choseni at a renal
eh:crlion, shtall begini On Mondtay following
ISO tOM 17 Eh Mouse shall judge of tho
elections. returne find qualificationt of its,own
Membe-rs '; and a iiajority Of each Ifous shall
constitute a quorman to do business ; but's
smaller number may adjourn frut) day talday,
aod ainny ba authoriaed to cmnpel the atte:nd
ance Of al'sent Members. In Suc anannneriand
under auch penalties. as may boprovided by
5ECTIoN 18. Each flouses ihallchbose it's ow
officers, detersin its ruled Of procceding',
puliah its Membera for disorderly behavior,
anld, with tie conacurrence of two-thirds. expel
a Meaber. taut not it second tinit for tie saine
SECTIoN 19. Ench liouae many punish, by im.
prisomitne. t, during itssitting. ay person int
a 1vtiber, w lit slh:a 1 Ie guilty ot diarespeet to
the ilonse by ay dlisor.eriv or contemptuou1is
thl haviar ill ita presenace; or who, during theI
tile if its Pittingeshall threaten harm toa body
or csatlie of ntv SIiember faor anything 'said or
dij in either litouge. or who shall-assault any
or, irem therefor, or who shallassault or arrest
any witness or other tpoii ordered to atietia
ith lOute, Ili hiq going thereto, or retureiing
'therefromr. or who shall rtescue any person ar
ri.ated by order oft ll Ilouso.
SEcTION 20. Tie mieambers of both Houses
shall be protected fin sheir persans and estatie
turine- their attendanice oil, going to and re.
Itirning froin, the General Assembly. and t, ma
dlays pei.Jua to iel pitig, anti ten days af.
tar the adjoursmnet th cof. Bt these privi.
leire shull not awt xttide so as to protect any
Member whot shall be ijearged witlh treason,
felony. tor breach oh the peace.
. SEcioN 21. lills for raisintr a revr nue shall
orintat, in the Ilue- or Reapresentatives, but
iny be aliered anended or rtJected by ite
Se-nate a. and all other bills smy originale in
either litonte, and nty be amended, altered or
rejected fly the other.
SscTIoN2'2. Every Act or Itcaolution having
tho force of law shall rehrti it) but one kubject.
aad that st.all be tWorensel in the lid.
Src-toN.23. No bill sial' liave t 'force of
law until it 'shall have been read t e timies.
amid on three' ave'ral t.ays, it each Ouse, has
hal the seal of Ih State Afilbted to it, andi has
been signed In tae Senate flouse by the Presi.
tdent of the Senate pitt the Speaker of the
SVCTIor4 24. No Inonty shall be drawn Out
of the Public Treasury but by the legislative
authorityaigr the State.
SF.6TaiN 25. Ins all elections by the General
Asseinbly. or eit tier Ilouse thereof, the nem -
bera shall vote'-viva voce," anti their votes llths
given, Shall be entered upon the jou-nald of the
liouse to which they respectively belosg.
SECTioN 26 The members of tthe General
Asserably. whahtall meet under this.Consuitu.
Ii'in. Shall he entitled lt receive out O' the Pub.
li. Treaanty, for their expenses during th'ir
atteittanc'e O. going It) .and retu a nit froin.
thae General Assetiubly, five dollars fOr tiach
days attendance, and . twenty cents for eve-y
anile of the ordinary, route t travel between
tile residence of the Member and the capita* or
other pL.e f sittitisi Of the General Assenbly,
Itbi.ti troig Ia returmin ; st (lhe sane taay
be iiramtnead or clin iinialacl by law. if ci-'cum
Atanmacar sisaila mi-a ; - at. n, ,.! . m.tn emm
hie mminade to take afrect during the exilstence of
the General Assemibly which shall tnake suchl
I SaeTioN 27 Neither hlouse, durin tile sea
itin t the General 'Assemiibly, shall, wi- hout
thwecoanacit of tle other.'adjuri. for more
than three dava,'iour'ts nay other place than
thai t in which- tle Asemapbly shall 4e at %he tiime
SPcT5ON-2. No perjq:1shpti Weligle to a
mcat'in thse G*1tieri lasembly wiet he bokue
anV office of profit or 'trust under this State,
the Uinitled Stat--a of Atmerica, o'r any of thiem,
'tr tinder imay other power. except officers imn
the mailtai %, airany or navy of thi State, lair.
.trats or Justiegaofl inlforCoute, while sua'h)
Jia.tiues r'eceive iao saatariel; nor ahaIs any
contriactor tof the army or navy of this State.
ihe Unifeat Sititea of A merica, or any of Ithema
or tl agoe" (a il such contractor, be clistible to
a seat ina vither flout e.. Att if atny MeabIha.r
at all .ce''pt tor exercian a may of the saId disquali
fyair ofites. lie shall vacate lils seat.
SECTaON.29. If amy R'cction Diatri't shall
neglect tll cholose a nembiler or members on tha
tday of elietion, aar if amly lierson chosen a
imaeinher of .'ither Iliuse shall refus to tuall.
fy and take lis seat, or shall resign, til, de.
past the State. actcpt any disqualifyinog ,
or becuoe otherwise tisqaahtied l0 hold lia
seait, a writ ofelecion shall b issued by the
President of the Senato or Stpeka'er if .the
iluuse of Reptesent'atives, as the case twnay be,
for mlhe purgase of filling iiae vacatncy therebv
occadiuned. for tbo remainder o[ the torn for
Which (. person 4o 'r luaing to quality, re.
igning, dy , departing the S'ate, Or becoins
ing ttitgualifiedI, was eletcted to serve, or ite
th-faulting' Eectiaan District ought to have
chosen a nemaber or rpeambrs.
MECTio 34). And- whereas. the ministers Of
the Gospel are, by their prvteision. dedicabtt-d
to the service of God alnd tle cure of. souls,
antI eoi t spot bagdiverited fraam mhe great do
tieas ot their Ituncemlune, therefoare, na inistter
of the Gtasptel or piablic preach'ler of any re
ligIous persuasion, whilst lie conmin'uen in the
exercisq, of bls past'oral teanctilone. shall has
eligi'ate to the yffic't ofG mayvdenetmm' Lieutnmanmt
Gauver'nor, or to a cent in'. the Senate or the
louse, of Ripresentatives.
-. AfRTICLE II.
SscnuoN. 1. The Executive nathornity aul this
Stsae shall he vested in a th'ief tacgirate, whao
.shallha bemtld; Thea Governaor of tho Staleoof
South Carolina .
.6rcniole2. 'The Governor shani. be elected by
the ettctruaa duty -italilied to vote for mnem.bera
of the Hougo tat lt,.presentativea, and shall hold
his office for 'our years, and until his asucces.
sor.slill' be chosena and qualified ; but thea
h'ame pt~rs~in shall not be 0Guternor for two
EsC-rION 3. No p'erson shall be eligible to'the
office a, Governor, unliess he basth att-aaned the
agdpf tairhy years. mand hamh bqem a citisert
ad resident of tis State far ine ten years
next preeceinig the 'lay of election. Andi no
person shall baehll the omfieo a Govero9r. aprt
any other office or pomamision, owvl ortamilita
rv, (except in mailitia,) under thIs $tate orthc.
Untited 0tates,-t,r any of them, or 'atay other
pae r, at ones and the earnle tIme. ... ye;
SECTioN 4. The rbturna ofteyery eleaton Of
Gtavei-nor shalt -he, sealed up by 1i@Mniriar
of Etectiota in their respective DttHd ~ d
transmitted, lby a nmesenuger chosei by t6jm
to the seat of Gover~iaient, dire~tee 'e
secretairy oftstate, who ehalt delhiV fin e
Mhe Speaker of the Hlouse of Rase aitives,
at tha ex enlSssuing sestion of the Gsqa
semnbly, .hirfng the flrtt week aat, -
mIon thei Speaker shalt onen and
In the presetnce of both Houses fseQ E
Assembly. Thet person haying1athp~b
number of ves, shall be'Govetor.
at more shallI be equal anti, highest~
the Genecral Assembly Ahait, durinagt
sessIon, in thme House of Rtepresentativted
onesofthem Governorpeles per, Co'nta
elons for Governor shall bedetsemi
General Aseembly Ia sthol msnwe
preherlbed by law.
Baciowe 6, A Lientenmant Governof shialhh
chosen at lhe same time, in the sarp~d mannenur,
contin tie In mflce for lb. same poaribd, and be'
possesased of theame qumalloatlonas as the Gov..
ernor, amid shall e# oficie be Presidetn of the
is President of the Sucate, shall have no vote.
iless the Renate be equally divided.
SrCTION 7. The Senate shallcht.ose a Pres'.
ent pro lenpore to att in the absence- or the
iewutenast-Governor, cr when he shall etur.
i the ofico of Governor.
SacTote ti. A eineber of the Senain, ol of
he Ilouse (i Repre.entiatives, being choseh and
totinf as Gvernor or Lieutenant.Goveroor
shalt, thereupon. vacate his seat. and another
pao son shajl be elected in his stead.
SOTIoN 9. in citse of the impeachmehl of
Ie Gove-rnor or his renoval from offlce, death,
resignationt disquatlification, disability or rM
imoval froen the State, the Lieutenant-Gurernor
dhall oucceed to his olfice, and in case of the
vmp,>achnont of the Lieutenart Governor or
is removal from office. death, resignation, d-s
lualificaion, dilatbility or removal - from the.
%tate, the President pro temport of the |tenate
shall succeed to his office ; sd when the offiee
if the Governor. Lieutenant Governor and
Presideat pro timpere of the Senate shall be
ome vacant Iin the r-as of the Senate: the
iccreemry of Statef'fo the time being, shall,
ly proclamatlon. convene ile Senate, that a
P'retidetnt pro tempore may be chosen, to exer
ien tihe office of Governor jor the unexpired
SEcTrOw 10.- The Governor shall be Corn.
nanrer-in- Chief of the Army and Nave Af
fit*s late and of the militia, e*:ept when they
,hall be ealled into the actual service ofthe
Uted States. . %
ScrETo i1. He shall have power to grant
-eprievres and pardons after conviction, (except
in ca's or Impeachment.) in such etwnner, on
tuch terma it under sout Ic restrictiuns as lie
ihali think proper, and le shall heave power to
-emic finer and forfoitures, unleks otherwise
tiretedt by law. It hhall behir duty to report
o the General Assembly at the next regular
cestonc thereafter all pardons granted by hiv.
vith a lull statement ofeath case and hlie rea
ions moving hin thereunto
ScToN 12. lie shall take caio that the
awe the fraithI~iily executed ins mercy.
SXc-ToS 13 The Governtor asod Lieutona nit
Sovernior shall, at sta et times, recelvejor thetis
ervices acompensation which shall be neither
* norensed nor dcm-nished during -the period
or which tlevy shall heave been elect
NNO-rToV 14 All ofl-ers in the Executive
lepartment. when requircd b7 tle Governor,
icnli give hn information ie writing upoin any
mibject relating to tic duties of their respec t
SCTOiON 15. The Govvernar siall, m It ime
0 time, arive to the General Assembly intfoer
v'ntio-i of the conditon of the State, and re
:,ommonod to their consaieration such measure.,
ts he shall-judtge necessary Or expedlent.
Ectio 16. He may, on extraordinary oc.
:sions, olveno the General Aastmablyand
litid aither 1l-suie retnain without a quoruin
for three dayr. or in dase of disagreemet ho.
weei tI.e two ouses, with respect to the tl
if adjournment . mny- adjourn them to suph
tine as ie shall t.hiik propsr, ntil beyond the
rourti londayof Nuvember then next ensu.
SLCToN 17. He shall commission all offi
re a o ilee State.
SEcTrIoN 18 It shall be the duty of the
Matnagerso Electioes of thiA Stale. at the first
geCeeral elections under this Conatitutione, ail
at each alternate general ekction thereafteor,
to holui ae ele-tIlon for Governor and Liecuten
ant-Governor. - I
SxoTioN 19 The Governor and the Licuten
ant.-Governor before entering upon the dutica
of their respective offlei.sha li, In the presence
of the Ceronral A takq the Vati
ooffice p-orriberint a nsetit -on.
S.EcTIoN 2t0 Tte Gouvernor Aiall reside
during the sitting of tAe General Aosembly, at
Ihe piee where its session may hoe hos ; ansci
the General Aseemoly niav by hw, relodre
him to resh.e at the Y'apitol of lie Statse.
SEcToN 21 Every Bill which. shall I eve
passed the Generae Assembiv, shall, he fore it
betonio a law, he oreseoted to the Uovernot ,
If h- approvo, ie shall sign it ; but it not, bo
shall returi it, with his libjecolune. 0 thiar
Hlouise inc which it shall have urigina.ed, whc
alsnlI lener Ihe obiectionts at large cn theirJour.
nel; aec procceed to reconniaier it. It afte'r sui-h
re onsiderat on. a nojority of the whole r'epre.
Renltation ..1 that House shall agree to pas tin
Bill, it shall be sent, tog tar with fhe obejec
Ilions, ti theu thier louse, by which it aratl
likewise he reconsidereil, and if approved hy a
rpayri of thi, whole representatinse o? thaw
lither i use, It shall become a law. Out in at
suech case. the votes of both Housec shall Ie
determinied by yeas *pd nays, and the namei
of the pt renAvot ing or and aganet the iil
&hall'be enterld on the journal of each loust
respectively It any Bill shall not be returne
iy thd Governor within two days (Sundayd
excepted) after it shall have been Fresentel 1d
him, the.saon shall be a law'In like manne'
a it le had signed it. And. that ie nay al
waya be- alhlwed hlie G0 erni.r tc coilhte
HillA passed by the Gencera Assembly, neithen
Hlcoe slall read any BIll Onl the la day 01 it
Pessioine exe0 such Bills s have hbeec
retuerned by theGoviernur as'hetein provi
AR Rl'CLE fil,
SEcreo!e 1. Tlcejudiclal power shall be vesg
edc ine auch Sutperlor and Inferior Courts o
Law anid Equity ac the General Assoembl<
ceball, from aecne to time, direct and establIshi
'The . dges ocr lice superiocr ('curls shalil bi
elercied by ihec Geueral .Assetnbly, shall hoto
tneir offies durineg gdod behavior, andshall
at staled timres, receive a coempensatione fo
their services, wich shall neIther be incres
ed Icnr diminished during their cotntinuine
Ill qffice ibut they shall ecien- es o
pergosisites of ofilco, dor' hold a'ly otber el~e
o. profit or trust uader this. State,'the Unite
States .of Anlmetida, or any. of them., or ane
uthcer power. The General Assemnbl y shall, as
soon'eas possible. establish:. for tcch"Dietr1ct i
tihe State an InferIor Court or Courts, to b
stl ed 'Thec Dictrict Couert,"(he Judlge wheruc
shall be resident ihe iserlet whilstin pffi~e
shall be elctmed la'the' General Asben~bly to
four years apdqftallbe uedliible w~c
Churcishal oire idkti of he til arevercus
ofh color mdtd ferlmialcbe wher nh
accused Is a person er oloer, and thi. Gera
Assembly Is -empower tQ 'extend the-urls
diclion of the -skid . Nt to other sub
BScvtie t.. Tb~ Judtes shsll meet 'and si
at Col4,nte, tt,te b ise the Genvertal
sembly may by 000rooib1 fi~a tte~ or
niew triaslspe In i of jud tttgand curl
g ot of I submitie t6 ttfin
apd the -Gs l' ma~tyJ%0t9 lpin
such othier. -~0~Wti - eeig"e ucw
discretioncjsg y pw
bh, "The *ifleSet lli s~ja
aeutlon, iej s nAr1 2?f thE 3
lby tihe aobvt ftv te foliC
lin, ad o Wa i he psea dI
?illy of the neq
to ves elc as i11t l e
Wo'it: -t e
tl shall be alts wbI 96pWhSiattain
ad' th ar,p is noti
upeb &RadJ~ud or or pri
t~e a.4trf tmean7. a- 5yca- . .
roe ofthe navy of the United Stat es He shall.
fbr the twoyeara next prmedinit the. tay or
electi..n, have been a citizen or this State , or,
for the same period. an etligrant rron Europe.
who has declared his intention to bec''ome a
citizen of the United States, accordingto tle
Constitution eid Laws of the United States.
He shalf have resided in this State loret least
two years neAt precedlng lhe day of election.
and, for the ls sht inmonths ofthat time. in the
Distrirtin which he efiqs.to vote, provided.
hotceer rhat the beneral Aesembly may. by
requirtng a registry cf voters, oar other suita.
bte legislation, gtned against frauds lt eleo.
tiomas. and usurpations or the right or suffrage.
may ispose diisqualification to votn as a pul
tshnent for criino.and may prescribe nt
difiona qualificatluins or voters in umatinicipal
A R'TICLE V.
All oersons. who shall be elected or appointed
toe aty office o proi or trust, before entering
on the execution thereof.' shall t:ake (betsietes
spec.nl oaths, not repugnant to thi. tConatia
tution, prescribed by the General Aeacmnbly.)
th fallowin oath:-:
" I do swear (or affirm) I-at I 'an duly qualt.
fled, according t the tConstitution of Ithie
State. to exercipe the office to which I have
been ppoint-d, andi that I will, to the best bf
my ahility, dicharge -the touties' thereof and
preserve, protect antl diefend the Constit ion
of this State. and that or the .United States. So
help mie God.
SCIt0e 1. The House of ReprtentatIves
shall have the loile gkwtor of impeaching, but
no Impeachment Phatl hoe made, unless with
the concurience of two-tlirds of the Houle of
8ScTIos 9. All impeachments shall he tried
ify the Senate. - When sitting tor that purpose
the benators Mhal I be on oath or affirmation,
and no per,on phall 'te convicted 'without
I he concurrence of iwo--thIrds 'of the mdenbers
S oTeou 3 Th.e nor. Lieutenant-Gov
ernor, iad alle ivil ,officers. .shall be liable to
impeacherent for high criifes atnad misdemea
nois, for -ny misbehavior in 'office. tor cocrup
tin lon priocuring offiee. or. for anyitet which
shalH degrarlq their official character. But
1judgnaent in auch cases shall not extend furth-.
-r than to remaoval from oftIce' and di.'qualii
caton to lioild, any offiee of honor, trust
or p oafhl under this 'Stato. The party convic.t
e.d shall. nevertheless, }e liable to iniitlinent.
trial, jufgment and punithndaatl,,tecordinW to
siic-rio014. All civil offlccra. wh'epauthori.
tyis.hienited to a sligle Judicial Distrit, A
single Election QIltrict. or. part ofalther.shall
be apphlIated. hold their offce, be removed
from oafliee aind, itt addition to llatjility it) Im
cachnent, imay be punishud for ili--al mis..
codeauct. iu sucheinannor as tIm General As
.embi .previoas to Aheir appoleiament, may
FxCTIoN 6.'If'raiy civil oficer shall be
comtte disabledfrom dIIchargine' thetduties of
his office. by resmaon ,of any permanent todily
oiental infirinaty. his offen may be declared
to be vacay, by joint re*.kstion.'agreed to by
two-thirds tfihn wholo representalon t ech
*Iouse of the Gefieral Assembly : Provided.
That such suit aton shall contain the grounads
for IIa" pro rleld ta-inuval: And before it shall
paol cebh ' Hoeuse, a epad of. It 'hall he.
served siea I lie ofBer, ai4,a fiearin'g be allowed
.9TeOwNli. TheTreasurer and the Sec'etary
of Stat,- eliteItbe elected .by the, Genera l Aseaema
bly.in the Honooiv ofitdpresenlativea, shall hold
their ediuce for rque' years nd sheall not be
eligible for tile next succem'hliut' term. .
%EcTto4 2'. All otlier ofiera shall be apnoint.
ed*as they hitllertg have been, until otherwise
directed by 14w; bta the same person shall not
hold the offi of sheriff Air Iwo coaroicutive
SzCTIo V. . All commissions shall be in the
noatno and-hy the authofiiy of the State of~outh
Ca.olina, becaled with'the iaof the State,
aued be sigged by the Governor.
All l.awan' force in ihis State, at tile autop
tion of this teonstitution, and .aint reppgntat
hereto, shall so contlinie, tntit altered orr
peai-1t by the Gee ral Assen1tly. except where
they are temporary,.- in 6hlicb case they'shall
expire at the timed respeativelv limited for
their eldration, if not continuedrby Act ofthe
General Assembly, -. o
9ScraoN I All power is originally invested
the people, and all free Qovernments are
fouided un tleir puthiority. anl are instituted
foritheit' peace. satety aud happiness. - -
SzcTois 2. No prdon shalt beelaken, of im
prista ed. or dijelsed of ies 1reehalh, liber
ties or privilegres, ear outlawed or e'xiledt, or -in
ansy enaeener'deprivedl of his life, liberty'or
propert y..hut Icy due proces. of law:t nor shall
any WIlI of attainder, ez pet f ref -law,'or the
law impaalrinag thae al lratlion ef .cegraciti,
evil he passed -by t h~ieneral Aasemly. .
Sac:'ot 3. ,The matlary shall be suhbrdinate
to the civil power.
SecTion 4 The pr*tylege efat writ of Aabees
-corptse shall neat be suspetidled. uneless when, In
case eof ret-elliuon or iuvasion, tlteg4tublic sa'fety
I acrenx 6. EIxcessive -bail alI not be ret
quireed, nor exccasive fines lenposed, tier cruel
8 scveote 6. ie General Asseembly all-eat
grant aeny title of naobility, or haereditary'aes.
ii natioen, nor create say office,, the apapoigat.
ment to whaich shall be i'vr any loniger time
than duiring goaod behavior..*
Sac-rioN 7. The trial by jury, og hgtetotbyg
o eed.en tie Staite, and the liberty of the press.
I sall he forever inviohably preservedl. But life
Geeral Assembsly shall nava' power tejdete~.'r
m tine the number of persons wifo shall cun,
stitute the jut y in lho~lnfror' ,or Districi
a Sacntox 8. The free exercise and enjon~a
of tehagious profession atad woqrshipw(ocu
tdiscrimination or preferened,shillL ewd
wThin te Stae, tolli ankinud
Thtt e lry ol oposcieneqe herr declac eJ
shall taot heg construed es to.exe~ -sate of Ii.
Saotton9. The rights , iimmu
ties and estafese of both rlv religiouns
e'itties and of eorpgorate lee, shall, rtima~n
as If the 06ietitutione oft Sia'. had not bees
aiteredl or atoonaded. ..
Seton cp10. The ri e of rmogenit'ure
fail t be g lee ptvisios for the
eutable dieci t . the estates of intes.
.t ap-ton 11, '45i of South Carolita
hain pe pated by7 the actjon d~ ite
Unitd Stales B .tie., ,neier slae ry .no,
inwoluecta q epaeps snen
foor rmes. -p ey ihave been
duy let f(,eer be to-establueted in
teera tad i dpoIutd, bhal ato II,.
tie. Ini webptatidti, t4a, 'al ,i.?It
be less each pol thanoc-fouath ot e
Ias'at *sJ bendred - dolirs .worth el
the a veiue of the lest ahq4o
horv fesieoeais ee
lait, all such classesof personi. cia lra0 a -
oilily or otherwiser ought, in the jairmitent of
the General Assembly, to It exeompted.
Factioio 1. The butine.s of.the Treaure '
ahall ie conducted by one TranAnrer, who plan
hold i4 oflce and-rside at the seat of Goveri
en t. & - 4 - -
SEcTIoie 2.. The Secrettlry ofqlate shall hnfd '
his (ffice and reside at flie set of Gverah
ARTfCLE X o r
SaC-TIO I 1o oalveot iorn of the reople hal al
be called. unleas by lhej etinqurretce of t wo..
thirdstof the whole represcntalion an cachi House
of the General Aasernbly.
65c'TloN-2. No partof ihis Contlilution shal i.
he-alterc, unlefs a bill to abter t'hi same shall:
tav' beep read, on thi-re levernti daym, in ite
Iluse of Representlitives. and on- threeseve
ral dayst in 'theventite' and' asree ' to at the
secutc' anti thit reaflings, bv two-thirds of
the whole representation it tach louse of the
Gcn/rai Assembly ; neither shall,anv alera
tion take efet, untilthe bil', st atreed to.
shall be ptiblished fur three months previous to
a new 6l'ectlon for members of the House of
. Represetatives I a- d. if tht' alteretion propos.
nid by the preceding Getneral Anembly, shall
be atreert to. by the new General Assembly
-in their first. ,reslon, b the ooncurrence or'
tw'--thirds ot4he wholq iresentation in each
House, after the Same shall hien beetn read oin
three several uays'in each, then and not oth
eiwse, the *ameshallebecokme a paiit of the
Done in Coipvention, at Chiumbla, it the StaIn
ol South Carolino, the twenty-s.eVenttth day
of September. in the Ytar of our lArd one,
thousand eight hundred atad sixty-five.
D. L. VARDLA W
Prenident of the Cunvention
Attest: .JunN T. SLoAN, Clerk of the Con -
Government of the United StAtes.
President--Andrew Johnson, of Ten'nes.
Secretary of State-W. II. Seward, of
Seoretary of War-Edwin -M. Stanton, of
Postmaster Genoral-Willian Dennison,
of Ohio. I
Secretary of t he Navy--dideon Wellep, of
Secretary of flie interior-James Hfarlan,
Secretary of le 'reasury--Iugh McGul
Al totzo..y Genieral-Jumes Sped, of Ran
lieitident. of te Senaie-i'afayette S..
Poster< i1f Conn etieltl.
Speaker of the lioudle-Schuyler Colfax,.
. sur'tWuk COURT.
"-iman 1C. C~he..O hic-. Chief Jur-tica..
I. .lamtes M. Wayne. Georgia.
2. Saniel Nelson, New York.
B. llohert d. Griei, Pennsylvania..
4. Nat lan Cl if'ord. Maine.,
'6. Noah 11. Swayne, Ohio.
6. Daniel Davis, Illinois,,
. Samtuel Miller. lown.
8: Sintuel F. Field, California.
Wingfieltl Scott, Virginia.
Vl.eses 8. grant, of .Ohio.
SAdjtmant General Lorenzo Thonacs, Del&
D.JtIgo Adrocate General, Joseph Ilol,
Quartermasger General; Montgomery C.
Afeigs, of Pennsylvania.
' Th Daily E"XPrts'
. FETERSHURU, VA.,
"entered upot Its fifteenth year, In an
H enlargftorm, with new type, under
npiceS hig flattering. It-has enlarge ani
daIly iincreasinr circulation. and offers to mer.
chants snd others deiirW to eomnnunirate
with'theSouth-i public, advantages surpass.
N1 by none.
ADVRTISING R14TES .
One month.' ......... ........ 6 I M
Three months....................tt 4)
iX months..................... 4 f11
-Ono year...................... 1) t0
Twt weeka w e~
Onan month........... St 1W
. Thre~e mnonths...........16 1o i
One year* -'----..'... 6n 04
thans fhi'siring a grea'erquantity of apace.,
thn beaisnate0. will be accommoe'ated
~ingle Co , (ma;kor) '4 8 5 ete.
i tn ont do ' .
O.o en'th-'* do gg oc
Address . . .. o
A. V. CRUTCHFIELD & CO..,
..2'6 * * Petersburg, V
'PHTW N ., YORK DAY 13
.clans 'weekly paper, in
the Constiu ion s iit i,
- Ulon as it was.
The Day .Book is not reprtinted .t
daily, bul is sado up expressly ~ weekly
oironlagjon, with, a eareftl summai. of the
n ws from all the Slat.., and all parts of
the World; with flarket e~fepots Agrioul.
jural, Finance, y~iteratture, &eb
T*RJJS CA LM-4N AIJA NCAR
One opy OGiyear . $2 00~'
Three oled one-y~ C ;of
'Five oe n ya, anone to the '
; gei: #p of tub,100
Ten copies otne e, and one i9, tjihe
- geser~up nff~qt~ 7O
Tvaii oples tqo, addrs. ' d
t~l qesetee L DoA.*roujgh
out th..5 *hea yt*e wt ei,e il.
* * Lstil tiq t.' hetifyig a
I e p n - - .a o o A h c onli
sonn eoty, i ,~~q
Noa4y Weessa Stree., Ne* ok.
Fo aebAll pows dealersIjei
JOB PRBIN 'ING or ever lae. And a.
-e. eWnted at biE) 4