Newspaper Page Text
hettie from SpXin3.
MEXICo, Nov. 14, 1865.
MY\Dgnpi Slin I remeirber meeting
you in the street in Richnond, and that
you -asked mie to 'write' ty y64 after I
had looked around Jin.Mexico, and let
you know candidly the.resttit f iy ob
Vrvatiqns tpnd my Opilljpe dpon afftirs
here, from a 'poor Confr'ate" point of
view. I gladly seiao ,tba*present op
portitnity to dQ sot the more particularly
because I hlope that, my views, as hecke
expressed, may, throuigh you, be dissemi
nated among many of my dear friends
in old Virginia, and that they ilay ie
induced seriously to think over tlie idea
of emigrating in1 coming. here.
The grcat difficulty with niany is how
to raise the mon1ev to get. hero. Tit.
stoie has been removed out 'of the path
of every one by tile Imperial Decree of
September 5, for the Governouieit will
pay youir passage. But you may say.
"-What. aim1 I to do wblen I get tirere ?"
I ans~wer, "Any'~thiung ,you choge, nl-.
most." 'ru, you Will not. make yoir
lortune in i week. blut \oil will, make
eC&pelnses luntil yet can look around-and
There are nany Confederates here,
all of them have or tan get occipamoi,
if t liey want . it. In She firF place,
there are some ten or fifteen millions of
acres offered to colonists Iy various
landholders W*re at varions rates, the
least advantageotus of which are as,tihe
land as you will take--the colonist fur
nishes the labor-the holder every hiigf
ulse-will-lend you provisions till you
make your own,-and will- furnish seed,
stock, farming implements, and every
thing, and divide equally tle proits.
Will also furnish flocks aid 'herds. for
stock-breeding, on .he same tirms
And thni the yield of a spot, of grounid,
farmed on Virginia prjneiples, wOild be
perfectly fabulousi--indeed, there would
searcely be an end to the harvest. You
may foran an idea of whia. it would be
from this fact ; that land cuhtivatted on
the Mexican system of farning, (probta.
lily the most sloveiv in t h world, for
I hey never tdouch the field af her tie seed
is planted, exceJpt to harvesi the crops,)
vields from olie to three or four liumidrd
fold, and that, too, two, three, andfzom
times annually. Think of it ; a bush'
olcorn yields tour hundred bushels foml
tiiws a year I
Tile preductiveness of the country i
lives. I know of'a lidv here who> live
off tle natural products of her farm.
She is considered ricb, too-she has not
a hand on the pLa:e except an agt(.i
who sells thlie iatiiral, sponitancois pri
duicts of the ground on the spot-thi
buyers coie for it, take it away und pay
But there are other occupations here
which wl iive it liore iniiediate. t houlh
by it) mieais so rich a rewa-rd. teneial
Magruder is at the head of the Mvxican
Ilit1 olice ; the. lands of Mexico never
have been surveyed ; lie ieeds assis.
tantaevery day, and pays froimi *50 to
$150 a month. This, you nay ilagin',
i ian endless job. I don't kniow wheth.
- er you.are a surveyor, but if you, or any
one else who is, will come out here, you
wWI't starve,. particu'arly if you bring
you, instrumenis Wtlth you.
I am ileliglted with the whole country.
it is certainly the m-ost invored in the
world. and most, certaiunly the place for
Syou and-me, and all hike uis. What, can
we do ill Virginia ? L'eople abroad
have no id'a whateve'r of Mexico-all
* thieir.'knowledge is obtained from Noi'.h
-The country is far better settled than
the Un ited States. There are- mally
rob~bers, It . is- true, bqt these alway's
abound. where the people make no resis
tanice, but hand over quietly all they
hatve without a wvord. It'is a hlotorious
fact, that, the rgbbers never attack whlere
tthey hiav~o any idea of inleetingrei
. ance. *.
There is no opposiiion wvhatever to
the Govgrnmlent. The Piiberals; are
more dead -than the Conffeds, and' ihe
-Emniro is gaining strength, popalarity
and support ever'y day. it is the great.
est mist ake in the world to thiketbhtth-e
Empire is not stabe,~ ''eneebra.
I say to you what Is 'ip to aly
friends, do 'whlat I have' done.; coine to
Mexico . If you shiould cohiebefert n
agent is appointed in lhfo , Jthio
woutld give youi trahsportgion,; 4 .hnve
atuthority for stating 'h ab yot, paisage
e'xpenses will he refunded ptnyouf"
arrival~here. In theo.'n1.eftme,af you
want apy informatior, or -i ian' ohetse
doe, .ket thiem write toeSe,~ogojl.
cheerf'ully ?d..gladi e 'h(
Ge'n. Irice is getipgalind d sqt'.
L nen~it. under way,, near Cordoya,-a p)lace
* hit fbrrlry (before the darkics were
.'free) was the garden of Mexm~o; i a
u',~jce, it has~ beep enuirely neglected,1
where hands are given lihe' enug. mit ll
Govermor flai'rris, of Tennessee, nlldI
Judge Perkins, of Louiiana, are wit
Gen. lardeian and Terry are doing
likewise in l'alisco, nud there ire.othei I
estabylished all aronnd. Of course, there
is no limit to the s;izo of these Set'tl.
mietits-the more the better. If I oily
had forty good negroes .here froim Vir
ginia. I could make my fortune in two
years. I would not. want m..)re money
thani I coll iaike inl that tile.
- ICiIA LU) L. MAURY,
Thursday 3loriiig, February 8, 186.
it. W. Boney appears in a notice to
Which We -sk tle attelion) of our rea
der . Mr. Ioney has seenred the ser
vices of thorongly Coinpttent anti skill
fiul white Imechailies il tie mllanlufactlr C
of shoes &c.
Ketchin, McAlaster & Co., adver.
tise Paints, Oils, Confectionary &c.
Read Card ot Smith & Melton,
T. P. Sun;wmtt, Jlul., is tile sole
agent for thisyaper in Charleston, S. C.
We have rece ived a new and large
supply of paper suitable to job printing
of all descriptions.
in another column appears an Qrder
.from Col. Js. II. Rio,, commanding
2ti Regimieint, announcing his regi.
mental saff.aiad ordering -ilie electioiiof
oflicers inl the co.inipanies comrimsing the
Charlotte & So'uth CtirolinaRiiilroad.
li our Saturday's paper we will pro.
(luce tile report of Mr. J.olisimn, Presi
deit of the Charlotte & S. -C. Railroad
to thie% Stockholders at their recent an
sinre it baroarons .~deSolation of our
section by Gen. Shermlal, It is n in.
terestilVdociile ndt, and makes an ox
hibit oI ho generol condition'of the road
far more Tavoral)ble tihan we llid apre
henided after the inn ll ee iiSC (SS SnIataill
edZ by it.
'Li p11ub w0 e -presmle have but .a
Ilost inadellinate coIeptiol Ift he' ext ra
ordinary difieliltie-s and the gre at obsiat.
cles by which i-O directiou of tho-IRoad
were confronted inl tEiir eff,rti to re.
construct it. Thl. cliso- or the war
fluind nearly one-half of thqenvtire road
almost hiopeksfy-y Amantled, tlw work
shops and ware honsis, depots and
sheds and offices, many-' of thelm derov%,
edi tho costly bridge over thil. Carbat
,bnt s also about ,61,00 b'ales cotito) b
longing to the companY and Stored ".t
dhilTerent places. iln addlition to thie~e
hosses-thei reinainder oh the t rack and
the rolling stock ail nd mchlinery were
-in ai state of delapidation after the severe
usage to'wviihih they werel subjectal dii
ting tlie war.-nnd the labor of tile conn
try upon01 whichI they hiadiO rely dlemor
alized end disorganirzed' by thle evets of
the war. Under these exigencies the
djrectors instructedi'the executive offi.
cerd to proceed as ralpidly as po~ssible
and pledged their private credit wvith
o'ut stinltU for the procurement of the ne
cissary 'funds. Tile result of these
operations has b)Eief the' reconst ructiotn
of-ajl but twenty-three miile~s and thme be
lief is expressed that this gap will be
closed byi the first <>f May.
-The'financial sttatemeint of. the compa
niy is talso. enecguragin~g. It exhibits. a
speriotI~ sol vent and~ sound condition.
6Ji .irectors of the, road are enti
th ;d to gjr.at, credit for their judgment
atid zeal .n~ the prosecution of this work.
Tiur. Nunao B~r.-The New York
(jics, edited bmy Henry . .'Raymond. n,
leading Repuidb~n. mfemiber of. the
'H ouse of. Represen t&tivyes thus speaks of
one of Sutmne* neg.-o bills:
.f-This i~s the "shadow"~f of "icoming
events." Jt indicattp3 thie character of
futdre'legislation, shonld ~thme pow'er re
sile in -such . hands. Returing a mo'
ment to the question of colored BSnirage
inl the .Dintriot ni Columbia it. is.p....
to say that it.s ront purpose is to sigtia
liz nd1 crown tl. ev'ent )v the electioi
e a 'ellored man - for Mayoir of tihe cit-Y
of Wa'shaingtoni. Without inquiring wi at
chanirico of siuccess'the sclee has, it is
certiii tii. it.. mcli is the undheinred pur
pose of the bill introduced by tho Juidi
ciary Committee6 of-the I1ouse of R'pre
Guneral Lee is in Georgetown.
The United States garrison hatiC left CU.
Ilon Thonis J. Judge hun been elecred.
to tie Supiemue Bench of Alabainai.
111on. Thomas'Baltzell, late Chief Justice
or Florida, died in Tallaha-seo on the 14th
In his recent inessagd,,Governor PIarsonis
of Alabama opposes ntiy special code for
the government of fr~edinen, and recoi.
mends tihe application or lie principles of
tihe common law to contracts with t lcn.
It is reported that General Forrest, under
guise of retiring fron business inl Memphis
to his plaintation, hits golne to Alexico. inl
conisepience of havinlig been not ified to :p.
pear Ieoie a inlitary commnission in Wa h
The privateer Aienandothi is detained at
Liverpool oi account of the bai weather
prev tiling at i his season of' the year.
A ObertiR ()htio) paper :iys that Atwn
has ceased to be a station toi ii "under
ground-railroad" since Grant iand Shernian
became conductors on-that routo.
The New York Tribune says : An attempt
was made yesterday to give the claitants
fron. Arkansas tIis benetit o their seals onl
the floor of tie Itouse. The IIouso voted
No by 64 to 69. The dors which were
lockedt at I he beginiig of t tie session sill
bear tie placard."No admlnission"-- and wvill
for some ii me continue to bear it.
A perfect carnival of critne bua bloken
out. in .\uigumta, Ga.
There have l-een .9,000 cases of catM<
plattie in igilantid. The loss per week i.
Colonel Wnii, formerly of the Natichezi Pre
Tr'der, who went to Brazil to negotiate witI
tie Eiperor for a iraO of land oi tho Ama
zon for a Sothi ern settletnent, came passen
ger on the steatier South Aiimerici. T<t
Colonel is <iiit entiliuslastio over tle sut.
cess of his scher..c.
Major-Ocneral Fesenden, who has jus
been mustered out. of he6 United States se
vice, hans accepted dthe position of superin
tendemt of tie Ne* England diviosiu of Ott
Nat intial Express Coipany, qf which Josepl
E. Johiston is Presid6nt
o! hirs fromti Sont If Carolina, of ttie $20,o00
A leiter Ift .tie London Tine.. dated t
lh lid, .Jnuiary 6th, says of tle .iusiurre.
toll inl . po .
".A Ihe head of te Insurgents, or 1
1 t at the. diiec ion of their inovemeti , is
it is niw uscert ained beyoil d'bdt, Gn
l'rim, who la with him Milans del tlosel
and14 ofttor olieers, his fellow cai'n itigner- it
.Morocco ai114 Mexico If one could .eliiev
his i'rouresita faiends, Prin knows ver
well Wthat he ii ahiqit,'hatis.niet %% ih full su
Ce.t, ht- bvet joined by a detelment o
troops itol voluiieers, and comndii otls a fore
of six ithousaind.to eight thousand muen. Ai
Villairejos te Salvanes he had, oi the 2d
ordered -o thousand rations. If all v
hear i t rue. and be' Inis no chance of site
ess i frout. ie' tins the olen country itn hi!
re1, aml ihe wholo of .\rrikgon and- atalo
nia, it is sipposed, to sipport him." ,
M t t..K)oKVtrt:, Jan. 29, 18G6.
HoN. A .. STzrt:Nss .
Ea1cmedl Sir -\Wo have read with
deep regret yopirletter to the Legisla
tiire, wt ithholding the ise of your tname
ini connetctionl withi the SeniAtorial'can
va.a ; hut whtile' wet grnnt to yon the
right of refuisitng a candidney for a seat
ini thle U. S. Seante. yet at thet sntit
tne we elmim ti ha ve also the rkiht to
besitowv upon y->n thh truist. intvol viin
as it does, mportani conisiderationts
Wet feel, sir, It at, a va mainjority of te
peo(ple of the 3itto an locking to yin
as tlhe mn fo t he tcrist . As the retire.
sentative 'of hat con. tutency, desirous
to carry ont this nia f~sit dlemionstra-.
titon of thle public will, weo now ask, if
yout wdll srve if electe ? Clion
H. a..Ony, Wmn. .ibso1n,Caion
Sneatd, Ja mes M. - sste), Jesse A.
Gle'nn., J. O. Garirellh Ben. B3. Moore,
P. B. Bledford, 0. L. E th, Geporge S..
Owens, J. A. WV. Jeh1 on, P. J. Stro
zier, B. A. Thornt~on.,
- Mi~raaavisa 29, 1860.
Messes. HI. Rt. Casey, inrf Gibson, and
The right claimed I you in your
note0 to- mit, of this date I do ttwish
to be unlderstood nas 4 1 alln in
'In reply tpo your inf rogatory I can
onily say that I . om t iaingidlo ty
~prob'able case in bichz wuld refuise
to serve, to the0 1ato of . ability, thle,
tplo of( Georgia ifl ai P?*ition which
mi ~ibe assig r4 to q~ herrf or
th eir fprqsent ie, q af*g~es
wrth ori~tho 1Mo *
A 0*N *.. PSBN
A few woks since we Eaw in somne ol;
our exghaniges statnent", apparently
authentic, of tle' tery strgitened c'g
cmliistia5ices of the widow ans1d family of
the late lamuented General Jackson; and,
prompted by it proind - admiration of
his traiisceident military genius and his
exaltetl inorad worth, we proposted to
take up a t)ul't iption inl Charlestonsfor
their relief. After the 'irst aimo'ime-'
menit of the purpo*e, however, it occurr
(d to us thalt we might lavke beei m1is
led, or, if the facts'were as stalted, .that
it might be more becoming and resteeb
1,1l of the feelingi of that, Most esti ma file
lady, to learn from her whether she
would acquiesce inl the impresions pre.
vnlIing as to her circumistanices ad -the
mueaIssures tW relieve themi the, impresieon
was hikely to iispire. To our note al.
dressed to her 'upon the subject .we
have r'eceived the letter wiieh we, 'pub:
lishi below, and, as atn net -of justice.to
tle lady, we would request sucl of our
cotemporaries as have piulished 'the nc*
tice of her circutnstances, - and vhich
have taken the Ineasulres t relieve
them which we ourselves proposed, to
publish, also, this cmmuntication 'Tle
spirit of the let er, it nmt1st be toflessed,
is very beaut ff It is iiot dentied that
sh is wit lmt naans. stad that slbp is
depeIdent. upon iher fath-r, whose for.
I tne is knownas not to be htuiple ; an.
thern is still r'oom for thu, regret. that. the
rlict. o oiloe so venerated could not be
'iaced by Iis adiring coutlrylilen5 ill a
pos tion of a more perfect independhene;
liut she' is too.contselous of whit, is due
to 'rsli as- a woman,. and to the memo
ry of her Lreat husband, to bev placetd in
.Ihe Iosititl (If it mluldicant of Common1
ebarity ; and conit.ribions, Ii numicon
ception of her position, threfore, wil
the-most. psrlo-ct. kinidne.sa fosir tihose whfto
otfer-them1 l feels cAtrainied to de.
clina'. T1 ho resoltition we admir. It
is one whJei, in jtsiicC to.lier, we ouglit
to hav.aticipat.6d. - Blt the wish 11n1.
gers Wit Itu s. as it will linger, doubtlese,
w ith''otr readers, that it some way,
apart from t process so unpleasat, I the
means ngli.ho find to. testify to
thosehe has 6lft -'blind .him th'o grat- .
tulde and iadnirat.iod of a people. for tle
greatest imin this age li known. 'ihe
small amouint contribuetted, upon- the
original antnoulncemtlenlt.of otr- pirpose,
I loweve'r, we will st-ill -take tie liberty of
florwardig. in the' hop .that, inl suit)e
i way, she will be pleased to use it.
CoTrA.: IrgM5, N. ., Jan.25.
My I-A Sill: Your letter of' the 31
4. wits forwirdetr Lo ,id -from Leiie
toll, Vdimii. ' m ad debyed* ats
folr a few days, hoping tQ re-ive 1.
ptapet'rs to VIsich you refer red, bit it .s
nuot ydt re iebl d.me, aitil I have not Imi!
the pl-stire of readiig youri' editoriral
liit, jiti udg frost the renvirks i s your
l-ta 'e . I -upp)3se it is it simileir psthlica
lt) to whut has rect'lv sipleial inl
n ,of tl' ttewspapers, reposew ils,
h family of .Gtteral Jackson-t.a stit r
tg fors' thliliecessias ies of life, and Appeal.
il" to' tle piblic for thefr relief.
It is a source of, deep-regret, and mor
tificatio to sme, ad 0to my family and
frietnds, lthat such misunderstntn
should .x sit I regardi to my circim' tas.
ces. It is trtm tat. lmttost the 'whole of
IM little irttuIe has bon 'swet tanav.
MNy Inoble hsband, actnllatikl by. patrio.
timil, imvested inl 'Confederate (o.ds, to
ssis. te Governien, nd I, following
Iis examtple, the contsequeInce was then
loss of'nenarly the wvbole of hsis estate -
butt God has still left to mue otneof the
kinsdest of fat h~ers, who hats the mens of
providing sill the comnfortsi of liife for me
an d msy orphant - clii Id. The heenn t iary
sufiferimgs of othier. itl our a(1icto4 jiasj
have been. so ninehs gresitei- thtat rp
own that, in this respect, -I bave oly
need of a miore thlantkfl- hteart. And I
of all os hers, should hav e tno fear4 for
the futuire, -for 'tht'o icovenatnt-k epin 'g
Od of'my Ithund has wsatchea~ over
us hteretofore, sand theo. hove of.this greaf
people to me and1( my little ol~ild, on his
accunt, fills my heairt'witht grateful jy
While it is one of the greatest cotls
forts of my desolatted life to see th9' many
beautiful and eloquen't tribuntes fo-4he
memory of msy beloved'- husband;#tt
would gratefully. accept any 'offori
that are Vlunftarily given a s tsprei
of/love and grqtitude to hm, v~t t' . 6n;
tribustions that-. jre now calle Y~ are
given tundser a 14fee impreessiv and hi
ifconslistent wvitlemy ideas of onor and
rectisindo to receive thoem. I' would,
theraefore, beg thtat all, off that, arei
msatle to rasir a ffad 'for 'my "relief,"
both in Chasrleston an asewhere, be
With thanks to th rm-hearted and
generous bit izens of C lestotn for their
kmtnd feelinags towaget , atd mine,
I romain, yont y truly,*
3 - ..M4t. i JAcKsoW.
4.eo- It - Cathcar itobr Qharleattan
My asddieas is hirlotte N. O., care
of Mr. James P' rein
x f;10 -lt.G OEA V
Fr~pi Wasi ten
Presideifit to*day ordTed w atas to'h
ss1. fg the pardoif )rlehundred
The President Uhi's transmitted tu
Cngre'ss'theiepkorkof General Sherm:i
n the conditl(n otaffitirs in t he South.
nrn States. le eays ;hiu found.'etery
where in.the Seoth .4 large number of
oun oficerg and soldiis, lookinw
land Ind employment, and h
not t:at, during .the 'nexi yea 1:
hind which is cleared will be ni ti
vation ;.a larg part'bof it, tndor to dit.
rection of en1eic young tem.
WA\si'roON, Feb. L.-In the Sen
ate, Mr. IFesseni n stited cL1it ho would
ask that, bod y on Monday to take Inp
the consiLtiiohlal flnldfm)'h1fent passed, as
it, was deirable to.get, thi amendment.
before tie tate ' Legislatires now Ill
essjion, et an early date.
Mr. Iloward made a speech on his
resoition recommending the trial of
Davis 4nd Clay. H1- otrnd Aln amend
ment to the original resolution so as io
inclnde others .acting in concert witlh
. Mr. Davis.made a lengthy speech on
the bill for protection of civil rightas.
The Ilonse was enigagel iti the con
siderat:ion hf the hill enlarging the pow
ers of the Freedmen sBqreau
From South Anrrica.
N.:, Y4o.tK, Feb. I;-The PeruvianT
dictator is pushing reformy in all depart.
mhents. 11 stat.e.l to tihe Chiian am.
bassadior tIa 1'ern considered the Cii
hlan conflict. with Spain essentially a Pc.
RAiGHo, Feb. 1.-The House of
Commons continued t.o-d(ay the consid
ratioti of le bill relat ing to freedmen.
ieeches were t.ade for an(against, al.
-f -ill 16.mi4ry No -t. Lae
yet beeni taker. .The outsido fecing is
adverse to allu iig thei to tEistily.
. Usraox, Feb4. 3.-The immne
bite withdlrawal of the French troops
kom Mexict, m*y be regarded as certatin,
he reports having ben confirmed that
.all eXtraord illary ), ;igjg a bu-cu
seLt to that cOnnItry to makes the neces
,a p;lyparations for the ewxicuation.
The Emperor,u o hitger insists on the
pri- .recognition of Maxmilian h the
Utiled Sitts, hstat is satisfied with re
niewed promises that' this Government
will lieserve a strict neutrality in regard
to Mexico. .
News via New Orleans state tlat
Geli. Weitzel had issute(d an order direct.
ing ovcry commanding offeer 4o arrest
*all a'rmed per'ans lurkirg in the District
of the~ Rio Grande.
A Milit ary Commission is niow in ses
siOn1 at Birazos Satiago to investigato
tite. Bagdad amitir. 'All persons, wheth-.
inresidenits of Mexico or the United
Afhtes, are t6 appaear, 'who are conver
saumf with-that dlifliculhty.**
-Chief. Jnsiice Chase an~d Associat~e.
W'yinu Aenenr in the opinion that it,
wo'uld bo improper to hol(Circuzit, (ourts .
in .yit ifa untilCongress shainl have an
oppOrtunityffon. dr ndact upon,
he Su~ Itbject. Th'e civil court, in a
dip t uitider marltial lats can,. they say,
ely 'act by the 4anction amid under the .
s'ipervision of' military powers, and they,
canniot, thinls it4ecomes ha nrm
Court toexercijurididtion under such
:The. Ioi~ng Copgressional delega
tion hias lift Wfahin n for hpm'e, ow.,
in tthe w en o ly 'prospects (j
adniisioh ge4 ap.
iIl utof * hb, was .
tai of tsye-.y
i~t at ,. n behfor.
mrame~nt." 'lew qt7, and su