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wr, IliM IZOPL or.TE STATE OF SOUTIf CARO
,LINA, IIV OUR III.FoATr-4 IN CoNVENTiON
t.T, to, 41n1AIN AND FsTA.;L19n T8ts CONSTi
TUTIMN FO TI GOVFtINbIENT OF TIlE SAIl
SFCTION I. The Legislative authority of this'
State shall be vested in a General Assembly,
w hic shall consist of a Senate and a House
- SEcTIox 2. The HIium of Representatives
shll be compose(I of Metnbcrg chosen by bal.
ltt. cycry ReCoidl yefr. bly the citizenljs of this
State. qualified us. in this CQonpitution ia pro.
SEc-Tos 3. Each Judicial District in the
State shall constiitto one Election District, ex
cept Charlestt'ni Disti:ict, w1 ich shall he divi.
- del into two Election Districts.one consisting
of' the IMt l'arishie of St. Phillip and St.
Mlichael, t be designiated the Election) Dis
trict of Charleotou ; the other consittinz of all
that part or lie Judicial District, which is
witihot fhie hiits of said Parishes, to be knownt
t. ie I-lee' tio Dist rict o HIdrkele y
SVcTioN 4. The bountarie. ofr ite several .YI.
dicial aid Fliciion Districts shall reaiiii its
tiev are now estaalisherd. '
t":uo-rtoN 5. Tho Iloise ol' Rupresenittives
:i'l e-oiiist of e butitirecd and twenty l'ur
l inhi si. to h,.' aeppt it ci noo otn theseveral
Eilclion Daltairlec ti' Slate n-eordiigto
tlihe j,ujIuj'er it' White inh: tj'6 eoi,ta:Iei inl
vach,-and the aicuot tot aill taxes raided by the
Geieral A,tesrinbly. whether direct or indirect,
or of whatever species paid ill eaci. eleducting
therefeiiii nil t:ixes paid t)n tic -ouint cf plr;per
ty huld in any other Driftccjt, and addiig
thereto all taxes elsewihere paid oi UCCOUtil of
propertj beld in Puh Ditrict. An enciira
tion, of the wh,ite inh ata:taL, fr this purpose,
was inade i the year one thoitinuld eight ien
died and lilty- ieie. cnil shail be ilanade in the
couerae of every tenth year thereafter, in such
maniier a-t shall be. by- law, directed ; and
Iteprseintatives e'hal I-e assigiled to the dilfr.
cnt Districto in the abve-iientioned propor.
tioi, by Act of lite General AsAemnbly at the
sessioni inmiediaiely succdeeing every enuinc
r.ttoi : Providkrd, 'That until the neportion
iiet, which sh:e akc upon the next enu
11ieration, shall ta k" efiet, thelrepreetation
of tle s-veral lit'etion Distriets, Its lerein con
St i itied, shiall cotlililie asasigrile i at the l;ist
apportioninent. tiweh Diitrict which list been
heritofore divided itito sinaler Diericti,
i fow it as Parishes, havinor I he agrgregate itnuii -
ber of R1epresetaiiVeA which fite' Parihelvs
heretoflore emibraced within its liiities have hia,d
since timt npportioiiinent. .the Reptc.entitive
Io which ti l'arPishe All Saiti has beent
Ie r tIore- te'itlcl , I e i.' inc thiS intervad,
n,-e l to leirry .leen,01 l Itricl.
S V:Tie ti. It the eitupration herein dirct.
iei .diall 1eet he mliade io Ihe cotl4e of the year
:appei)l <'wl: purpoe,l it .eh:all be tle tIy
' it te' Gernlor to l:ve it v(feled es sO.en
thiere'ate aes 'heall be p)iieeartcle,
cTIe 7 .it asigrei; Itepresenlativea to
the evveral Dietricts, theuGeneral Assemibly
siall allow one lIte reiseative for every Sixty
ce pert Or the wihole ituimber of white iii.
h1al,nt.tlts inl le flState, a11l one liellrese'niative
i--P ttr evvr y sixty seconid p:irt of the whole
tax.,. re bltYIy III Gereal Aseunliy. There
Sha!01 I.% kuirilher allowed one Itepretuetative
t oeh lace' lis ol Ile sixty seitond part oh'
tie weln inlihitants, iinde of the sixty.peeotid
p irt .I the taxes, as whet added togette.r feot n
M . A 11 in xtes upon propert, real or
perioial, ahall be lii-I tiog the actual value ot
tl*herper1ty tax(MI, as tle eiarine shall he aicer.
Itneei bel the isse'i dct ae er the pur.
poetv eel ayiing sci'h flax. Ins tIdt4 firet ajppor
Ii inIIIIIt %I Iich ishIll le' intIt iiiien er the Cont
dtcllio,. elhei anciit of laxe blil le estittia
ited fee ti the averae eo the two years uexthpre
' e a cIb IportoiFni t ; but in rver etcb
secel.t app.artiiept, h'rm thi avesuge of
the tel ye- Ms iwn uext i.receeinjt.
S.,en 9. 11'. li t ie appeortioninent of Rep
reettivt ct, ; itty Ele tioi District shall ap
, ar not to be entit4d, fruim its popuilation atul
tc taxes. te a lIe'prsCentatiVe; stch. Election
District slia 1i nevert heless seinil one R-presen
tativ'e atui, if there be still a deficienoy orf tle
ietitber (it reqlrese'itttes required by sic.
tio. i th snel defiricelcy shall be supplied by
assigninig Itepresentatives to those Election
Dtt riets havitg the largest surplus fractions,
wh-ther those fractions consist of a coinbieu..
tiut of populitioci and taxes, Or of population
or- taxes se'pirately, until the nitmher of one
huiu adnod twenly-lour Mcimbers be mado
Ie - Prorided, hoinsc-r. That not incre than
twelve Ropre'scictativcs shall, in af pportion.
imet, he nArigied to aiy o ' Electi Diistrict.
.rCTWIN 1i. No apportiontment nf Represen
liatives shall Ibe consctrtued to tacke effe'ct, in ay
inetcner, uticil lO geineral e'lectioy whiceb shall
-xiroN II. Thce Senrate chleul hic.composecd of
one member from eachc Elect'ion Distr iet, exicept
te Election D)istrict of Charleston, to which
shcall he allowed two Senators,
bEcTtoN 12. tUpon ic n0eetIng 'of the first
Glenecral Assembcily, wichl shall be chtosten un
dier the provisionis of this Constitudaih, the
Sentors shall be devadedl, by leot, ito two
tc.ases ; thececats' of thco Seinators oFla o- one
cJaleee teo be vncaited at cite expiration of four
- yeaerse; centd lice number of thecse clastes shall
bcse o-roptortionced that Otto hailf of'lice wvhcol
nuember of(encators nctay, as- ntearly' as poesi..
ble' cecitinue to bo chioseut thecrsafter every sec
* nd year.
Mc-rTION 13. Nut person shcall .bo,celgib'le to,
oer macico or retain, acattin tho Housseof Rep~rq
setatives, unless hIce la freo itie tmast, who
hat ih atta ined ,t he agroe f,t wenty-oice years.
hath been a ottitm and( a'rsidynt taf.tbl. State
thrc'o year's tnext prcet.tfng th, day 'of'ellectione
ang~ hiath. been' for ihio last *ix ynonth. of this
time, and shall contlinue, a .rcesint of She Dlis.
trict whcich he is to.reprdsooft.,
SEcTIose 14. No perswi'shl be eligible to,
or take or retain, p seal :d1 the Seate, unaless
hto is a freeo whit. men, whco. hne1th 4itainedi the
aire of .thirty yeArs, 'htitl been a -citizert aiid
rcsktennkf this Sthate five years niext preceding
Ihi cday of chect'ion', aci hcaIh-been,- for the last
six miotntha of thl s.thsfe, and shil ceaninue to
be. a reidenst of the Ditrg wihheis to rep.
resenit. 6 lJ~wihh
- S:cTrow i5. fiatos M tbfrbof the
h1louso f IIepresaJt taivee.js alt:h ehosen at a
, teal.slectiona t .the'thifd - - eaigsy hn
October lin,thce presenr yteuar i -br A.i samte
Sfay izn eyei peco )~'U-theypattr, in such
. t atant'eldi o fice,'as tare
4 h~ ~Aerein. a o e b. spett on' the
' th.rth Novoi antihally,
t'o b iall I'th h tbe se*t F
< lotheW e tertpineti by
is qtagioi dso'dera shali-rena
- e0es theta in ethler ofwhich
caugs. or Coamlupidpr-Incici e,
foar lIbe l ay by pi~ Iamatona agi
pointt a morp Acc0ur0 ahd duhyetlnin pipe.or
,SE'on16 The ermeof oOflie;he Sea.
-tors and Repreenteiven,chosen a~t a noral
e. lieth c taall begjsi on 1bilonay-n hag
sucl c n. . C
- - Et 17Each.IIsws alal indwant t
elections, returns and qualifications of its own
Members ; and a majority of each House shall
Constitute a quortnm to do business ; but a
sial ler iumber may adjourn from (lay to day,
n:id may be authorized to coinIpl the attend
tnc e of at-sent Alcinbers, In such manner, and
under euch penalties, as may be provided by
ECTION 18. ich flouso shall choose its own
ollicor,i determineo its rules of proceeding,
punish its heint;r.; for disorderly behavior,
and, with tie concurrence of two-ihirda. expel
a lenber, but not a second time for the same
S.CT104 19. Each llousc inay punish, by in
priAotnie-t,.during itasitting, any person not
a lember, who shall he gtiity of disrespect to
the l1ouse by iny disordlerly or contemptuous
breavior in its presence; or who, during the
ttie af its ttitinl, shall threaten harm to body
or estate of nmy ilemnber for anything said or
done 'it citier flouse. or who shall assau!t any
of thein therefor, or who shall assault or arrest
any witnies or othe- person ordered to attend
tho liouse, in hi going thereto, orreturning
therefroin, or who shall ifscue any person a'r
re sted by order of the flouse.
- bECTiWs 2). he Members of both Houses
sl:ll he 1)rotected in their persons and estates
ouriig thrir attendance on, goinir to and re
turnin- frorm, the General Assembly, and ten
,lays previ.>is to the sitting, and tenl days a&
ter tihe atjourneit thereof. But these:privi.
leaes shall not he extended so as to protect any
Memhcr who shall toe charged with treason,
felooy, or breach of the peace.
-:crios 21. Bills for raising a revtnue shall
origineate in the House of liepresentatives, but
Rly he alivred, aiented or rejected by the
Seiaite ; anld all other bills May originate lb
either Rouse, and may be amended, altered or
rejected by the otier.
, SYcMoN 22. Every Act c'r Resolution having
the forco of law shrill relate to but one subject,
aid that shall be exuressed in the title.
SrcTioN 23. No bill shall have the force of
law until It shall have been read three times,
and on three several days, in each House, has
had the seal of the State affized to it, and has
been signed in the Senate House by the Presi.
dent of the Senate and the Speaker of the
lonase of Represtitatives.
MirCTiON 24. No money shall be drawn out
of the Public Treasury but by the legislative
authority of tho State.
SFcTiON. 25. In all elections by the General
Assembly, or either House thereof, tie mem
bers shall vote evivavoce,"t and their votes.thts
iriven, shill be entered upon the journals of the
llousd to which they respectively belong.
SECTIONa 26 The members of the General.
Assembly. who shall meet under this Constitu.
tion, shall)-e entitled th receiveontiof the Pub.
lic Treasury, for their expenses during their
attendane ol going to and returning from,
the General Assembly, five dollar4 Cor each
dlays attendance, and twenty cents for every
mile of the ordinary route of travel between
the residence of the )Ieriber and the capital or
otler plcen of sitlti-g of thee General Aesemibly,
L)tl gig and reteirning ; qitd the saie mIlay
b iicreaRed or dimetfilshed by law. if circun.
staiees shall require ; but no alteration-shall
he miade to take efect during the existence of
the Geeral Assembly which shall nake such
altre tio ".
SrT11>N 27 Neither louse, during the se.s
tioi of lie General Assemnbly, shall, without
the consent- of the oth'er. adjourn for more
tlane three (lays, a or to any other place than
that in which the Asenbly ihall be a't the time
SeCT1os OR. No person shall be e'igible to a
seat it the Gpineral Assembly whilst he holus
any oflice of profit or trust under this State,
ehe United Stites of America, or any'of them,
or under anly other power, except officers in
the iilitia, areny or navy of this State, Magia.
trates or Justics of Interior Courts, while slich
Justices receive no salaries; efor shall any
coialractor o the armytr navy of this State,
tho United -Aates of America, or any of them,
Ier the agettIs of sch contractor, be eligible to
a: sent in either Ilouse. And if any Member
siall ixcerpt or eiercise a tey of the said disquali.
lying oflices, he shall vacate lila seat.
SecToN 29. If anly Election Distr ict shall
neglect to choose q mnember or members on the
day of election, or if any person chosen a
nomber ol'either Iloupo shall refuse Io quall.
ly and take heis seator shall resign, Ilie, do.
part the'State. accept any diqUalifying offce,
or become otherwise disq ualtidd to hold his
sent, a writ of election khall be issued by the
President of .the Senato or Speaker of the
house of Repreqentatives, as the case may be,
for the pUrpose of fillinir the vacancy thereby
occasioned, for the remainder of thoe torrin for
which the person so reluIing4to qualify, rp.
nignivig. dying, departing the State, or becom.
jog disqual ified, was elected, to serve, or the
defaulting Election .District ought to hal'
chosen a member or members.
SEcTIoN 30. Anti whereas, the Ainiaters of
the Gospel are, by th6ir profession, dedicated
to the servIce of God and the cure of souls,
andi ouge: t not be diverteid front~ the great du-a
tie's of thteir -tuncilons, therefore, no minister
of the Gospel or publIc preacher of any re
ligious perauaslon, whilst he contInues in the
exercise of lis pastoral funqtipns, shall be
eligibtle to the office of Qovernrr, LIeutenant
Qoevernor, or to a seat In the Senate or the
o'use o flRepresentatives.
, SErome 1. The Zxccutive authority of this
State shall be vest eWin a Chief Magistrate, who
shall be styled, Tiho Governeor of 4h*o State of
$ncTboNs 2. Trhe Gotverinor shall bo'elected by
the electois duly 'lualifled to vote for mnerbers
of theo House of RIepresentatives, and sal hold
his office for four years, and .until hIs succes.
sof shall be chosetn andl.q uallfied ; but the
serriO pr.reon shall not be Ge oerngr for ,two
'SxcTsoN 3. No persone shall be elIgible to the
ptflce oi Governor, timles, he beath attamed the
Egeof trty years~ pd heathbhen a citIzen
and rtaident, of thi State far the teS years
next preceding the, ay of election. And no
person aal .JQt4 lbe office of Governor, and
any.tther offiee otrcottirsmstn, civil or milita.
ry, (except In militIa,) under thIs State or the
Uijoted States,or any of them,or 'any other
power, at one aind the sen time.
SzjcTmok 4. TRhe retuton of eyery election of
Governor shall.- be sealed up by the Managers
of-Elections in their rt pectivye District,, and
transmitted, by at mt nger chosen by them,
to the seat of Gover.npemrt, directed to the
Secretary of State, wI.shall deliver them to
the Speaker of the ~Tuse of Reprersentaivee,
at the next enasnngSession of the Generl' .
sembly, - luring the first week of which me
slon-themfip.aker sbalt open and publIsh themI
in the presence of both hlouses of then Qcera.
Assembly. The pe rson hayvhng the hu et
number of votes, shall be Governor, but ifo
or snore shall be equal ad hIghest in votes1
the General Assembly shalil, durIng the5 same
seso,i hros fRepresentafives, dhoose
onotemoeno vla woe. Contested la
lops for Goverspr shall be determined' by'the
Greneral Assemby in sucb ami shalf be
Isorsote,5., A,Lfe'tenant' bli be
~hog,en at the4A.bt nte
:ontjnue in offid for tll ai a d be
messessed of the same qa l l o, .
Smugmo 6. The LicWnaat chu.
as President of the Senate, shall-have no voto.
unlets the Senate be equally Oividod.
SsciN 7. The Senate shat chtose a Prbsi.
dentpoeitiporeto act in thi absence of the
Lieu tenant-G00ernor, r when ho shall exer.
cis the%ofco of Governor.
SAcTtON4 U. A member ofrtbenati, or of
tie House of Representatives, beg chosen and
acting as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor
shall, thereupon, vacate his seat. a,ad anut,t
peson shotl elected in his stead.
SacTioN 9. In case of the impeachment of
the Governor or his removal fromofMce, death,
resignation, disqualification, disability or re
moval from the State, the Lieutenant-Guvernor
shall succeed to his office, and in case of the
impeachment of the Lieutenar.t Governor or
his removal froni office, death. rcsignation,d:s
qualification, disability or removal from the
State, the President pro tempore of the Senate
shall succeed to his office ; and when the officte
of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and
President pro temper. of the Senate shalt be
come vacant in the recess of the Senate z the
Secretary of State. for the time being, shall,
by proclamation. convene the Senate, that a
President pro tempore may be chosen to exer
cise the offico of Governor for the nunexpired
SEcTION 10. The Governor shall be Com
mander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy 3f
thid Slate and of the militia, except when they
shall be called into the actual set vice ofthe
SEcTION t1. He shall have power to gant
reprieve and pardons after conviction, (except
in cases of impeachment,) in such manner, on
such terms and under Su.h restrictions as ho
shall think proper, and he shall have power to
remit lines and forfeitures, unless otherwise
directed by law. It shall be his duty to report
to the General Assembly at the next regular
session thereafter all pardons granted by hiln,
with a full statement of each case and the rea-.
sons moving him thereunto.
SacTIoN 12. He shall take case that the
laws be frithfully executed in merey.
SbCTIoN 13. The Governor and Leutenant
Governor shall, at stated times, receive for their
services a compensation which shall be neither
Increased -nor diminished during the period
for which they shall have been elect
SEcTIoN 14. All officers in the Executive
Department, when required by the Governor,
shall give hmn Information in writing upon any
subject relating to th. duties of their respect.
SEcTION 16. The Governorshall, from time
to time, give to the General Assembly infor
iration of the condition of the State, and re
commend to their consileration suoh measureA
as lie shall judge necessary or expedient.
SacToTN 16. He may. on extraordinary oc
casions, convene the General Assembly,and
should either House remain without a quorum
for three days, or ip case of disagreemont be
tween the two Houses, with respect to the time
of adjournment, may adjourn them touch
tiin as lie shall think proptr, not beyond the
fourth Monday of November then next fsu.
SICTnON 17. He shall commission all offi.
cet s of the State.
SEcTIoN 18. It shall be thi duty of the
Managers of Elections 'of this State, at the first
general elections under this Constitution, and
at each alternate general election thereafter,
to hold sit election far Governor and Licutan
SEcTIoN 19. The Goverpor and the Liouten.
ant-Governor before entering upon the duties
of th'eir respectivegffices.shals in the presence
of the General -Assembly, take the oath
of oftc e precribed'in this ConAltution. -
SuptiN 20. . The Governor shall reside.
during the sitting of the Genefal Assembly,.at
the place where Its session may be hell ; and
the General Assembly mav by law, require
him to reslaw at the a pitol of the Slate.
SEcTION 21. Ever Bill %hich siull have
passed the General Assembiv, shall, befbroit
become a law, be presented to the Governor ,
if lieepprove, he shall sign it I but if not, he
shall return it, with his objections, to that
House in which it,shall have originated, who
shall iter the objections at large o.% their jour.
nal; and proceed to reconsider It. It after Iuch
reconsideration, a majority of the whole repre.
sentation of that Hpse shall agree to pass the
1ill, it shall Oe sent, together with the objec
tions, to the other -House, by which it sa il
likewise he reconsidered, and if approved by a
majority of the whole representation of that
other House, it shall become a law. But in all
such cases the votes of both 'House. shall be
determined by yoas and naya, and the names
of the persons voting for and fgainat the Bill
shall be entered on the journal of each House
respectively. if any Bill shall not be returned
by the Governor within two days (Sundays
excepted) after it shall have been a:resented to
him, the same soall be a law in like manner
as if he had signed it. And, that time may al.
ways be allowed- the Governor to consider
Bills passed by the Geteral Assembly, neither
House shall read any Bill on he last day o f its
session, except suAm Bills as have beeni
returned by the Governor as herein provi
, ARr'ICLE Ill.
-SBcTaoN 1. The judicial power shall be vest
ed in such Superior and' 'In rior Courts el
Law and Equity as the General Assembly
shall, from time to time, direct and establish,
The Judges ofrth@ Superior Courts shell be
elected by the General 4ssembly, shall h6ld
fneir offBces during good behavior, and shall,
at stted times, receIve a compensation lor
their services, which shall neither be increas
ed nor diminIshed during their continuane
in offie; but they shall receive no fes or
perquisitea of office, nor hold any other'- ofBice
ot profit or trust under this State, the United
Itates of America, or any of themn. or any
ether power. The General Asqembly shall, as
soon as pessible. establish for each District in
the State op inferior Cofirt or Courts, to be
styled "The DistrIct Court,"the Judge whereof
shall be resIdent In the DistrIct while in office,
shall be elected by he General Assemblyfo
four years, and affall be re-eMikible,whc
Court shall have jurisdk tlon of all civil eauses
wherein one or both of the partipse are persons
of color, and ofall crIminal cases wherein the
accused is a person of color, and the General
Assembly is' empowered to extend the jurne
dictioti of the said Court to other sub.,
SucTioN 2. The Judge shall meet and sit
at Columbza,-at such tiees the 'General As.
sembly may by Act presc.ribe, ide the purpose
ofthearing and determining s metiens for
new trials and.in arrest of Judvffmen , and such
points of lAw as pay be submitte t4 them,
and the General &ei$y may byAet opp nt
such othier plaiesi fog soon meeting~ asin their
dIscretion may seein fit.
8SoTioN 3. '1,,. style o4.1 g reli g hall
be, "The State of Soutbm (7ona."' All pree
ecutlons shall to arried en isa the uame ihd
by te authorIty 9f .the A1te( of Pouthb#)eo
lna, and conlclde sagainst tshe Demce and dig.,
nityof the sanle,'
In all ele coeo-bemd the peepfe bf
this 8fate, ofof am$ pamtheruq for eivil ot
He sbailbe a free whitemnai,Wfjise atain
ed the age of twety.osle yasri, aind is.mot a
pauper. nor a sed-comml.* ed oeereor -et
vate soldlar, at he my,,nor m. a... .
rine ofthe navy of the United States. He shall,
for the two years .next proeding the Jiay of
election, have been a citizen of this Stato ,.or,
for the same period. an emigrnnt from Eu.-ope,
who has declared his intention to become a
citizen of the Unitedl States, according to the
Constitution and Laws of the Unted States.
He shall have rceildedin this Slate for at least
two years next preceding tho day of election.
and, for tholast. six months ofThat tIme, in the
District iin w hich he offers to vote, prot4ded,
however, That the General Assembly may. by
requiring a registry cf voters, or other suita.
ble legisfation, gunod against frauds in -lec-.
tlions. ani usurpations or the right of suffli ge,
may imiposb disquitlification to vote as a pan
ishnient for critne,and may prescribe, ad
ditlional qualifications for voters in municipal
A RTICLE V.
All Dorsons. who shall be elected or appomnted
to any office ibrprolit or trust, before enteringt
on the execution thereof, shall take (besides
special oaths. not repugnant to thio Conati
tution, prescribed by the General Assembly.)
the following oath:
"I do swear (or affirm) that I am duly quall
fled, according to the Constitution of this
State, to exercire the ofllce to which I [lava
heen appointed, and that I will, to the le.t o
ny abity, discharge the duties thereof, and
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution
of this State. and that of the United States. So
help me God."
SzoTion 1. The [louse or Representatives
shall have the sole power of impeaching, but
rid impeachment shall be made, unless with
the concurrence of two-thirds of the House of
SacT on 9. Allimpeachments shall be tried
by theSenate. When sitting for that purpose
the Senators shal I be on oath. or affirmation,
and no person shall be convicted without
the concurrence of two-thiris- of the menflbers
SNoro 3. The Governot. Lfentenant-Gov
ernor, and alleclvil officers, shall be liable to
impeachment for high crimes a d miedemeq
nors, for any misbehavior itT o e,, for corrup
tion in procurinr office, or for anyact which
shall degrade their official character. But
judgiment in such cies aball not extend fi-th
er than to removal fron* office, and divqualili
cation to hold any offlee of honor, trust
or p iofit under thiq Stati. The party convict
ed shall, nevertheless, be liable to indictmbnt,
trial, judgment and punishment according to
- SZcTloZ 4. All civil officers. whoeseauthori.
ty is limited to a single Judicial 'District, a
single Election Distr'-t, or pact of eithef, shall
be app6intd, hold their offich, be removed
frotp office and, in addition to liability to im
neachment, may be Punished for offielal mis..
conduct, lu such mannor as the Gqneral As
4eih previous to their appointment, may
ucTiozq 5. Ifany civil' onfel, shall be
come disabled from. tdlischarginlr the duties of
his office, by reason of any permanqpt bodily
or mental jnfirmity, his offlo may be declared
to * vAcant,*by joint resolution, agreed to by
two-thirds orthe whole rep&esentation in each
[louse of the Geniral Assembly: Provided,
That such resolution shall conipin the grounds
for the propos ed removal, and before it shall
pass eit her iouio, w -copy of it ehall be
served on the ofier, sqd a hearing be allowed
Sotieoi I, The Treasurer and thoSecretory
of Staft shall be elected by the G*neral Assem
bly,in the House'*o Representaives, shall hold
their offices for -fOur years. amd shall not be
eligible for the next succeedjug term.
bEcTroN 2. Aij other pfficers shall bd ppnoin'.
ed,as they hijhorto have been, untU otherwise
directed by law'; but the name person shall not
hollf the office-f sheriff fur two consecutive
terms. . '
. SMcT1o1 3. All commissions shall be in the
nana and by the authority of the dtate ofSouth
Carolla..be reeled ith thib seajeoheState,
and be signed by th overtor.
All lawsof force in this Stalo, at the adop
tion of ibis 'Constitution, anu not, repugnant
heretd, oliall so continue, until altered orrs
peale,l by the Genoral Assembly, except where
they are temporary, in which case they shall
axpire at the times respectivetv limited for
their duration, if not continued1by ict oyhe
General Assembly. -
SCTroN 1. All power is priginally invested
the people, and free Governments are
founded on their a. ority, and are instituted
for their peace, safely ant happiness.
ScrIO 2. No person Whll taken, orlm
priso ed, or disselsed.of.11t0 boki, liber
ties or privileges, or outlawed dr exiled, or in,
any manner deprived of huis life, libert.y or
property, bu th bdup process of la.v: nor shall
any bill[ of attander., ca pes ?tine law, or the
law impairing the obi gatien of contracts,
ever te pass edythe Geperal Aseserably.
SucTIoN 3. Tlietmilitary'shalh beeunbutdinate
to the civil power.
SucTiolt 4. .The privilege of the writ of habeas
corptus shell not besuspeauded, unless when, in
ease of atebel lion or inwas!on, 'he public eafety
require it. .
bEorToN 5. Excessive bail shall not-be rC
quired, nor excessive fines 'haposed, nor cruel
8Setsow 6. The General Assembly sh'ail riot
grant any le of nobility, or hereditary die.
tinction, Slr create any office, the pppoint.
memit to which shall be for a'iy -longer time
than duripir good behavior.
bucn:ort 7. The trial by jury, as'- heretofor.(
used in' this State, and the l ibe.rty of the press,
shall be forever inviolably preserved. lio: thte
General Assembly shall havye power to deter.
mine the nume t(persons who shall con.'
autthe jTrh,e the -Inferior or District
ScTsons S. Tefree hxerolee and enjoymenl
of religious profession and worship, withbout
discrimination or preferenoe,shmll be allo*ed
within this State, to all niantilnd: Prwb
That the i frtiy of eoneselenoe hereby rlate
shall not bie eonaitued as to exscuse ebt of lI.
centiousness, or justif7 'practices i 'isistent
with the peace and safety~fbf the 8e
SupTIoN 9. The rights, privlge,y mui
ties ad estales of both clvi? areigious so.
cieties and of corporate 60dl shall remain
as if the Constitution of thi.g4,..hbd not been
altered or aanended,.
SacTrow ii. The iht 'rimnoeniture
shall not be rw-'esbiah, o Ii1 not
fall to be some legislali nADso Do b
equitable distribution' of'ne euls o~ intes.
tates. - -
Suo-rutu 1i. The 5i of loath Carollrta
havin been emania b the tog in.he'
lnvoluhtarysritud sept aapunsa ment
for crime, wheMesl P absall have been,
du Cop (94.eba r-esteblitsbed-la
S*9T:on 1. ette Agab, s h..
4vqr a tas l a itn ,shal mie
time,Impose a Ien tao, wIc ghj ot
be lese upon ~ lthan ones-fourth ftha
tlafd npen tandred 'dollars worth o
thssessed sotthe lamdbtaed,.* e
8 eVe 0vI8 l.eiI asi M0
lax alls'uch ci:9 of'Pir#on@#rdm lis.
Dli yor otherwoe,ought, the u mentuet
the General Assembly, to LI exemp I,
8Sco6 1. 'The busin. of the rzeasrr
ohalt be conducted by 9 TreaureL, ho she I
hold his office and r4mide at the-supfof 0veroo
ScTIoN 2. The 8prjtary oSIate shall hol(
his office and resido.at Ih seat of Govern
Mont. - ii
.et ARTICL' u, -
SEcTioN' No t'Oovehilon ofthe'peolple shaP
be called, unless by the concurrence of two
thirds of th yahohLrepresentnijoh in each House
or the Ganbral Aftenol y.'
SXCT16N 2. ' Nopart othis C0nstitOtIon shall
bo altered, uniles a bill to alter the same shall
have been read, on,three severnI lays, in the
liouse of Representatjcyv. and on three seve
ra-daym in lbe Senate, and a rre.I to. at the
second and- third .readings, by two-tbirds of'
the whole representation in each House of the
General Asiem6ly neither shall any altera
tion take'effee, until the bil,, so agreed to,
shlaU be publisled for threp thonthe previous to -
a now .lection for inembers of the House of
Representatives; and, i the alteration propo.
ed by the preceoing General Assembly, shell
he agreed to, bv the new General Assembly -
in their first vessl8n, by the concurrence or
two-thirdi of the whole representation in each
[louse, after the same shall have been - read on,
thrFe several dais in each, then and not oth
erw, the same shall become 'a part of the
Done in Convention, at C,lumbia, in the State
21 South Carolina, the twenty-seventh day
f September. In the year of our Lord ease
thousand eight hunared and sixty-five.
D. L. WARDLAW,
Prenident of the Convention.
Attest : Jonx T. SLoAN,Clerk.of the Cn
Government of the United Stites.
President-Androw Johnson, of Tennes.
NSecretary of State---W. IT. Seward, o1
-Secoretary of War-Edwin M. Stanton, if
Po tmaster General--Williani Dennison,
. Secretary of the Na vy-leon'Wenes e
Connecticut. e e $
Seeretary of the hnterior-James Harlan,
of Iowa. a
eorettA of the Arasury-Iugh McCal
Attorney Genera)-James Speed, el Kon
Presiderit of the Senate.-'fayetle a.
Poster, of Conneotiont.
Speaker of the ,ouse-Sebuylgr Colfax,
Salmon C. Chase, Ohio, Chief Justice.
1. James M. WSyno, Georgia.
2. Samuel Nelson, New York.
8. Robert C. Grier,'Pennsylvania.
4. Nathan Clifford, Maine.
5. Noah If. Swa.yne, Ohid.
6. Vaniel Davis, Ilfols.
'. Baitnel Miller,. Iowa.
8. 8atnuel F. Field, California.
IIngfield Scott, Virginia.
Ulyses 8.- Grant, of Ohio.
A jutant Genera(Lorenzo Thomas, Dal&.
Judge Advocate General, Joseph Hiolt,
Mqartermnater 0eneral, Montgomery C'
Ne.lss, of Pennsylvania.
The Daily Express,
UJAS entered opon its fteent ~Y*aprliw'an
. oL enlarged fr-f- , with new tye, undr
auspices highly attering. It has a lkrge and
daily increasing circnatio and or tolmer
chatliand) others delarMor to cammuni:cato,
with theSouthern public, advantages surpasb
ad by none.
Two weeks .........
One month .................... ss
Two* months "----'........
Three months.'""". o0
Pix'months."""" , 600'
One year...,".................. 00
Two weeks 81s0
On)empntb, - ''''.$00
Two mnts."'''-''--''''-....12 00
Tihree months'"-"".-.--.--..C .6tO
One year '"-"-. ""---.. O
onT bea terms.
One a~. do CO
Tha Wpa asr e
4 410OuiaIso iner I3aoz
he a 14. I n. teprinted fa~.~
daily, butf a mde uP mj)slyA for weekly
cireulation, with.a eaterul- summary of .h~
news~ frpt1 all the 8taes, aud 611 paia- o~
the World, with .nsaritet Report, guleda
taral, linane, IaqtegaregAe, a.
TRRi8 048'1-.-NDV4VC &
Five e onet sa i aa~ nee t b
getter ny at~3b
'Ieneooples one0p, uaaa
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