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By.GaIlard rs] WINNSBORO, 8. 0. SATURDA VMORNING, YEBRUARY 24, 1866. CVOL IL-No. 11
To Persons Wishing tasettle in
We publish by reqest dtie following
interesting invitation to persons who
-desire to emigrate. .A syniopsia has al.
teady-appeared in the Enqguirer:
*4'he doors of the Erpire are wide
opoi, ima ie Majesty, the Eiperor,'
lias -in a most liberal decree,- invited jm,
migration from all qiarters, and without
distinct.ion atute eakionality.
")fany peoti'e, both in the old world
and-th" new, ha'ig heard of this invi.
tation, wish-to tange .their skies, and
to avail thenite- of 4she privileges:
geAtminropres--iating severnl thous
and families in .Europe, and hundrods itn
Tv;essee, Misaouri, - Arkasas, Texas,
t.h Qarolinas acid Louisiana in the Oni-.
led'Stawk are ow* anxiouly seeking
information in regaid to the country, the
conditionl and resources, 'ithl the view
of mnaking it their.heme.
41Qousidering t.hAt blhnost Lat. only
source of inforiuation -pen to them, upon
this .subject,. is tA be found in snony.
'Iuou colitributies made for. the most
part, to. impress. views- by no, noats
friendly' to iexico, 1 deemn it . proper
Jto stat% for tI.e iformatiot'of all those,
whatever be their nationality, who de.
.sIre to renotivice it, and cGmie to Mexico,
with the intnltioi, .in good faith, of
enakinj it their howe and of. planting
Ihbir postority here, that they wg!uld do
well to 4ome; for it is a land more bless.
ed by nature in its soil andcliniates
titan any paxt of the United States
great centte at prew.-nt 9f humat'immi
"Tho earth here yields to the care of
hushandry with a. profusiou that would
Hoom incredible thereband fabulous in
Europe. InI sote 'places it ...46wri6 th"
labor of the husbandmn6 regularly w.ith
two, and in others,. hree harvests 4tuti
*Ily. And ju each one he gathors que
hundred, two hundrel, .oihetipes'three
.iundred, and occasionally lour hunmdred
fold, sed evek nore, accordimg to his
o6n skill and kind of seed Sown.
"Cotton and corn do K,ell in slalost
all parta of the Eropire. But the p(Kion
.especially. at Taniattlipa, Matchula,
Trvioille, Durango, Mazatla's, and the
.States Nort., is said to be of a betteI
xtaplu, save Sea (sland, that any ro
dsced in tle United Staes. .Indeqd,
the cotton of Yucatan i called Sea .
land. Under these fit.ne ctihsates, which
give.a piriey aid t.rauspareacy td the
.atiosphere that make existence Itself
.sn enljoytiont, and invest tie eye with
the faculties of al6ioat; a new setise, tie
vegiiable ki.ngAa displays its -wealth
and its.powers most gorgeoily. and with
the most marellous vigor and concen
itration. - -
"In'hopen spots, and upon a siugle
Staciendis, mit.. bo leen -eowded 4ogeth.
- or, I!ile( tsp in otepeki, dnte,abOe'auoth
or, in tll the glory of th'e liiy ad with
the- perfectiot of excellenc-, Critts, ffw.
er abd prdudtionQ,: that in less favbred
,climes require Tor their display as many
1Atitudes,climiates sit d soils as can b found
in the 'entire breadt,h of plain'th'at lies
betwe6n the sonrces of lite Miiusqseippi
and.the Omouth of the Amason.
"Here,:beii<s c Itt#aund corn, thl
olive and the vine, -we have. the finest
#of-wheat, wth pulse and all tho cereals
in great perfect t6n. Mao, tobacco, cof.
ie,1ukar- cane, the coA ,plant., rice,
indigo, oochineal, pimentq, ,. ndia-rVbber
anet~A.liguilwanpeu.ar wail valuable
4bs thitanewarn issyny the puerposes
.of hoth.flaa.and heqape. 4 last of all,
aA4iphat, fmorover,. ni n~ o try'
der tRsworld cAn prodneq-,' *g o'
arnd Iaehus' bctast-thse ior44y
erpiqu pan, 6Anoahupp.,
.t?I4sares mee :sun)e of thi ery
'pssyra anid faresetafxqu i.oissonn
* aessee, and the Souoth, a~ Ihavp. ni
emple a d most
p*que.rePSp O @9OA .~ap grs
,tMip.tr ej,to the best
i1ewath , . ich
unsastanue aanaene oeooinsta
est rit soses : d ahl
sou.i. Governor larris, of Tennessee,
qnd Judge Porkins, of Louisian, with a
number of their frienide, have gone to
4xamine the country about Cordova. -
. "They are delighted with it ;hey in
tend to make it their home. The rail
way hence to Vera Croz passes through
it. The land is superb. It is sold by
the, Government to the immigrantm at
one dollar per acre, to be paid fo' In lio
equal annual instalAienth.
, "Generala Ilardepian and Terry, yith
others .from Texas, are equally well
pleased with YAio. "'They are negoti
ating for the putchase of fiacierdas therd
sufficiently larg6 to accomodate with
land a settlement t3 be made up of'
thenselves-their old neighbors and
iriends. The Rev. Mr. Mitchell, of
.Missouri. has alrealys commenced n'
fine setlcment. on the Rio Verde, in San
Luii4 Potosi. Ie' anid his cotdirade
have gone- into the cultivation of cottoll
"The*repricentatives of large capital,
Monp. Dousdiibes, 'bave a grant for esa
tab)ishing a colony, from France and,
.Spain, on the shores- of Matamoros.
Mr. Lloyd, . 'of' England, it eqally as
well supported, and has engaged'to es
tablish a .number 6f colonists between
Vera Crnz And the- capital; ind 'i ship
load 'of iluropean innigtanits lh 8 just.
arrived in Yucatan, to form the nu ceus
of a fin settlement on that peninsula.
Thoy have been received with ovations
by the good people there.
* A.-lisposition equally favorable to.
wards immigration is manifested in vn
rious other parts of 1h'ecountry.
-Patriotic cit1tene have stepped fortli
at the call of His Majesty, andi offered
tlhe.r qwn. private lands. -many of them
od the most favorablg terms, for colonzi
"Mr. - invites five hundred Euro
pean fatilles to hi estates in.Durango
of ing them each a hous4lndlot, rent
: ',a 44-~aIllownnLoge fPrVI.9114'
at fair. wages,' fur five years. At the
end of that time 'he farther promises a
graituity oi $15,000 to the community,
.and;'a'present to each .family of a yoke
-Itr. Gil,. Gof Gitadalajara, invites
twoitf' delgiai fanilies to his highly
improve4 and well-ptocked bacifidua, 4f
feribg them onehalf of it tot cultivation
otr sharis-he' fin.aiig .the stock, seed
a.d cattle, and the colonists the labor.
Ie .-'qffers * Mao flocks and heards from
whic,to breed on halves.
- "Other h j&tgltened -and liberal mifid
ed.landoaj .of the Empire have offer.
ed tteir estates for colonization on terms
equplly liber6l. . Many falso impressiona
have taken root abioad about Mexico
'and , the Mexicans. These operato
greatly to our disadvantage, inasmuch
as they are %tumbling-blocks in the
mind of the stranger, itnd tend to dis-'
"Tho World knows Mexico as-a cotin
try that, for'the lAst half a century. lies
tw,et tossed by' a revolution. Many
liebtning to- the stories of her troubles
and th'e 'tales of her calamities, as told
by, her ifeinies, have come to regard
the whole lad ta Goa-fbrspken coun
trx." ininbited by a bigoied, -illiberal
and inho.1titablu people; 'While, in fact,
no part of the world can. boast of a more
refined society, o4 a mor-elegot hospi
tality than that, which is to be found.in
certain parts of the Efipiri. .
"The'ississiplit Vtlley, ,even itl. its
palmiest days, could not boast any plan
ta,.ion that could compare.it batonial
splendor, lordly magnifieen~e and prince..
ly hospitehty with your (fexican haci
enda that has escaped thp ages of
wan The halls of some of thetn'a e
lar eiough'o ehtertatfn, ~and 'have, en.
'ed, several hundred gtiesta for
k at.a tiene.'
m6 of the.. you will flnd '*ell
a poin seWols, for tlip odti4atin of
tfio'ehlt ' Mt. 'the' 0fnA,nt,. it the
expent htW pptekfrM'inarches
bptjt a.l lt! ltthieed friom the
mAme muni bounty ; hospital. ereqt
ed for 16 Th old" ent yn
sioned,n 'luetas~ af"the p.
tga ob@'BI t Dut 411
so t 'oetih r tepM
miany depnrtmenW f the Empire well
nigh crnshedn outotl;he poepl ; the in.
distria energios of 4tire regiois para.
lyzed,. and capi0 1t" l frightened off
into its hiding .l u. Such a state of
things long ConititI m11 ally. country, is
sure to lie followed a general absen.
teeisn fr.m their ets a o its large land.
own6rs. This iW eiTently the ca.se in
"The effect dti tl bsenteeism is'e:.
pressed upon tle Atdcnpe, hnd pro
clained by deserl ansions, neglected
plantation ana 04 sign's of rnin and
d,-Cay, ii tones.' - sadly upon
many a heart. Man -fthe file estat,,
wilh the w1ll8 ofif1 noble old man.
sions still standin ' 1 now offered for
sale and tIlitm6Mt at prices ranging
fron a fhwA1centi ktta few dollars per
acre. ''hef:are ifft fo-iost choice parts
of the conntr'y, atid! uild, if restored to
clhivatiqf, enbAl 'tit land with a
beautil'iosaic of -e most lovely gar
deii Spots'that thW 0rd ever saw.
"With' thi', im grantj comirg to
Mexiqo jt. is'hot -i inmigrants bound
to the !'Far west" iM the United States
There lie goesAo reclaim from the wil.
d4rness. ' HerT, h 'cdiies, for the most
part t reclaim ifiW hi and ravages of
war. PlAniationW' Iht tvetp once gar.
den spotsii ivith "his"oining.- He niay
pitch his f.oht b theterge of highly cul.
tivated districts fNoWfSich he can draw
his suppli s u (ih 'l t 'botiritifal' earth
yielding to hit owt"g'uod htisbandry
shall yield 'hi of - her increas. Ani
the soil of Mli* inider chinats that
know .io wiher, ivill' do in two or three
"Onie of t46 11at -hacievidai of the
wanqtetlediaie it 6 ui n sale. - It wa
I abalidonud's9dne'sik& oighi'years agb
im ::onseqneq e of;#! revoluton, the pro
-prietor died ndit h11 not idinewbeel
rest.red th* -itiftion. It' vielded a
enon gI to a commodat forty or
faitieW~ ith fArms of otet' thousan
acres'enct-. It cin be had fole-less that
five dothirs the acre and, after the Aril
piyment, o loilg time to suit purehas
"Other liacierdns that are open o tii
choice' hnud selection of the immigrani
are neihe larger. Two containng eacli
more than three thousand square miles
havii bncri 6fered by the proprietors fbi
coloniza'tion. I know of"no country i
which the land is hell. by so few and it
such large tracts.
"This also, has produced mirked
effects ipon the 'natiol, it app'ears t
have deprived Mekio almost entirely ol
wt hat other cointries consider their "bonc
and sine w," their noble, enterprisig, en
ergetic, hard working middle-classes.
"orme politi(nil economists divided so
ciety iii Nexico into btit two chassep, thf
upper,iiid the lower, and out of sk popu
lation of 8,000,000 6f people more thar
7,000,00%sare said to belong to the lat
"Thio statesman'of the count-y, wid1
the Epperor in their lend, desire tc
heal this breach rapidly. For this pu
pose for6igik labor,'capital and skill have
been in vit'd to out shores. Many food
-men of (WO country look.npon imn.gra
tion. on a large scale, as the readiest and
best means of restoring the equilibriumi
of the classes, and of givmg to thecoun
try and its institutfon that stability an
force whici oro go:essential td Zhe 'riu
development of its Vast pow.rs, Capabili
ties and 'resoii'ces.
"$Tmce, -thie encouragement' that: b
now offered to immigrants. Tihe 'Eonn.
'try-i' now ist a bettor' state'to' rbedv
i 'fknigradtea than it has abeen for many
"The 2mpire is' daily g*ining romnd,
strei Fad sppor; ad the amed or,
tions; ht' head add'V leadler, .ex*Presiden;i
~JnaitW h.ei'ng leld the ioodnyj. 1
"IJiht pow, 'with:Ahe dawbof app,
drk of eac att lAdte.before h&',u Misrae,
aftr half a'tentIky of oiinthfuwd' chautge
haustVd'itath ; and alfe immigfatieh
wiih to cast their Iots with sit enapiciou
'tAotf d@ a:
b MoN skill and m
ii IH t.Ianult under the blessin
pf stable yw,ernmnE ad' 16:ff'ntin5i
Ihebre is roouq wi6h eaooprgagl
prospects for mechanice and artisas of
all sorte, as well as for 'kgrioult ural labor
and vientific skill. -Roads are to- be
repaired and mude *bridges restored,
mills grist and saw, erected, -dwelling
houses 'repired or built; machin6 shops
and-all those establishments which are
so esiential in tho agricultural economy
of other conntries, will qlso be extensive.
"Immigranti who come to Mexico
from whatever country, will beo warly
.,welcom'ed in many pirts. They will
meet with -no open hostility anywhere,
except from the hanrds ot the lawless.o
To assist them and to have tile full
benefit to al .those convenience,s, such as
milli aid other establishmen tsjlst. allud.
ed ,o and which every well ordered ag
rioultriral community requireo, it. is de
sirable that tihe immigrants should eote
in bodies, and form aettldments of their
"Looking to the decree of September
5th, invests them -with a semi-mililary
organization..Pnd they are expected to
be able to defend their. seulemgnts
against rol5bers, -who, however. rarely
attack when resistance is expee'f
"PEoteotants will be drawn into com
munities also for the sake o! schools .and
churches. Moreover, public iit.4res' re;
quires that each-settlement shoulbe
large enough .,fairly to develope ' the
whole systewn of domestic,'- s&ial and
agricultural. -eonomy - bf , the country
whence .the settlers come.
'Por this purpose 'ach settlment should
be large enoigh to suppgrt saw qud grist
mills, tanyards, blacks*miths, wh.,elrights,
and the various other irtisans' and ma.
chintotei, who, in t4e purehit oftieir call.
ing contribute tb thie rhquirements of
modern agr4cultu-e.with all its improve.
ments. - .
""-There is s1ill another reason 14hy im.
migrantsifrom all exoppt Spanisb con.,
tel should form thegoelfes into ettleo
hit'een, abd that reason is
i gor ai 2 M 1, 1 ge-glio
rint ofthe customs of the. Countl y and
of the ra- of wages, and settling down
aniong n1ghbors all ap'aking.amnt him
an tinknown tonSue, would find himself
surrounded by eiharrassments, none bf
which would exist in a settlement made
up of is oil. neighbor@,' kinsmenn'snd
"It would be-w'ell,,there(ore, for eAch
colonx to briig With-it a large portion
of its own laor ' .
Tle lands,f Mexico have never been
surveyed, norhas there beent until now'
a land ofice. . Thp consequence is ,that
the Government.cannot, 14.which lands
are public and which are private ; and
though the chief, of the land office na.
vigorously at work, orgamzing survey
parties, and sending them forth, into the
Held, it. is feared it is found thath lands
sufficietit tq receive the coniing tidb of
immigrtion cannot be-sur;,eyed,.mapped
and brought into- market for.aopetime
yet. Therefore, it i4. recmmended to.
thoso both in Europe and the United
States, who desire to come to Mexico,
to form themselves into companies, c6n,
sisting of not less than twenty'flve fatri..
lieu each. Then, while those at honie
are making their preparations, let. thpir
pioneers come to Mexico for the pur.
chasing a iaciend or other -lapds, and
making ready to- receive the fest. -
"To those who will thus come now,
with' their families, and form settlements
Iufficient to call into plaY all the indus
trial appliancek consisting of machini'ry,
shops and, implements oonnected with
agriculture in its most improved state,
and caloulated to serve as so many el
tres of pi icultuiral iniprovertsetas in the
countlry, sj 'cial enconkagement is- held
" y einvited, to send forward
:i,heir ag a h will rieeve -all ino
mation'th Ztheoflcme of coloni.at,ioffnab
gde,ia. ee - a'cilitty *that it cail
throfl*-thei* way as, in she most dq
'setti , ~t>aoiyis anwheal
Ah 37'* - eee -
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, oct 24'66
A NA W.IR [1r . 0
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