Newspaper Page Text
SatIurdity Morning, Fpbruqry .14t p866.
S'1. P. Sun1)sP i, E-q., is the sole
-goi. for this paper in Charcst1in, S. C
Woe Uave received r new and large
supply 9f paper simtable to job *printing
of All descriptions.
See card of J. Smith Phillisp, Draper and
T.Jlor, Charleston, S. C. We take piensuro
III bringing I his former citizen of our town,
before our renders. le is tho successor of
a dismingiished firm and of ackniowIedged
energy Iait slkil in his depaitment. We
have no dolubt of his success In his liew field
of work. . . -
iiacompar~bl the most significanit and
1momIentouN eveith since Gien(.. Lee V; ounited
his arms at Appoimatox, are noml 11ranlspir
ing in Washigton. Our littest inlelligeinte
in11,41r11- us of t ie veto of tie bill for OU,
litgilng 1ih POwOrs (If tie JreeMllmans 111
re'tu, by President Jphnson. This bill had
wv4sed both Homses of Conigress by mavjori
ies of over three fourtisof these bodies, and
It. dId not seml to illolve as -largely and
manntorially as other pending que ..lom-acon
'slitutionmil considerations, it was believed by
mni,y careful'obiervers that tI!;,) President
woild retrtn it. with suggestionls of modifica
tious amid amnendments of obtioxiouis features.
Instead u this, however, lie has canvassed
each sbtlion of tie bill seriatim, amid has
tamiped each 066 With'his-emipliatic and re
solute didapprebition. Upon a recurrence
of 'tI e ;itstion on tile ensiming day and a
11101 ion to poas$ it. over the veto, it was lost
by a vote of- tipirty to eighteen. . Thus ha.t
lile issue been joined between (ihe legislative
amnd exeoutive branches of lite GoVernimAt,
sharply, decolsively anid uneguivocally -*
I Ieretofore a direct collision linas beenl qvttil
ed by tihe prudeucd ind diplomiey of poli.
, w,-hfetorless coidict of tie Presi
deit imn planting himself upon lime priuci
pies of humanity anid the conlsitulion, 'a3u4
tIq inlalienaMe'righis flnod hopes of a people
Ims precipitited th1e contest, u1pon the-iAs14
o:' which will depend *ihe destiny of tie
-umth 'for wead or for wou. It is tie
gremit test qireionm. It. will sirl')*-the
siliantion of all dtisgmises nd.masks, and
will expose tie real strenqth 01'. the oppol
.o far the resuilt ha beemi in favor of ihe
liresilent. En1ommghm of. inli:tened semi
thent mand,i liherality, and regard . fr tie s.mmm
imins of t e constiii3n, Ias been fonled to
sislinim im. Bult if this shouli be revers
el imy the intinidating influences of the
overwiemimmg semmtment of the Sorth, our
sit uiationm will well nigh iave been deprived
of all hope. The sivength R1ai tIne malig.,
nity of tor enmmleies will.alike have been es.
tablished, and we canl do'no more. eWe have
matifested our. disposition to produce a
complete pacifieation by frankly ac'cepting
fime 4ituatlion. We have adhered with punc
tilimis exactitude to our pledq of sIbmis.
mion ii the lawt of tie land. In =akig
concessions in reAgnition of our defeat, we
have ventturel upon the extremeet edge of
self.respect and dig'nity. ani we coOfess we
cman inmk of few othmer overtures we- ani
Jendier that would not encroach umprt time
honmor tiatis almost our oily possvession,
amid tlpatwould not saver'too mumelm of an
abject amid cringing sumbser'viencey to hie en
*er'tain6cd by a people thmat is consciomis of no
(imHNaAm. tIT.R awm GRsANT*--.The fol
'lowimng is the repiy . which Geoner.il -But.
1cer is repreented %a hiave mad(e to an i nvi
imation mo a party, extendedio him by Genm.
I hmave time homnor to receitu youmr card of
invitaition. I beg to decliine it as politely
-as I may: and I would fumrthter state that in
no mevent would I he williin iqid personal
imtecuirsme with yommuelf ~ meomber of
your fami ly. - i 'r.sa.
Lieuit. Genm. Grmant.
- Th'ie Philaelmphia Age. in .oomamenting
umponi this rather tart imissive. remarks uhmat
' this lumcky mnon-accepanice hmad one posi
live and substantial advantag~e attendant on
it-It saved Mirs. Grant oh anxiety of
watching her plate wilie time Imip was pres
enim, amid time labor of countinig her spoon!
aifmer ho had left "
A GlaiTr Loss.-Seldom have omr f
bmeen harrowedl so deeply as thmey are by
following most. toMoinig hmanmdbil, wbihehr,t.
Shiis mnomnmt ashed. an utmuicosomed ray to
sentiment upon the cold grey stone w of
Ediniburg-: "A dear little dog-inh .
*age. Strayeud from No. 84, R. e.
She 'auswes-wen sime hsra, o tn
of' 'Maud,' and is neamly llind.a
small, shaggy, imght-byewn, 8 ,
of mm earthly use to say one b~4le
family."m Poor old Mauld
thmat sodmo one has by this - ti
wo&u of comfort into lier light-b as;
anireutored Iter to.-time bosom ofr b
. ruswed 'famhiy."-PuU Aall (alat
* Generailb F mhas -issued an oi'd.r i.e.
mm.vinmg I ions on time enii6 of arms
niha. nc itwtaa :
[roU Tit :MNW.]
To- ils Excellency, Andrew Johnson,
Presideft of the United States
$Tt : .-Aidressing you, as I do, an
huinble gid secluded citizen of the
.tnited States, I offler. no apology
except the privilege accorded to every
on under the principles of our
Gover nmett as. interpreted by its found
era. .As for enlightening you upon any
interests that touch the vitality of. our
country, I have no desire to presume to
do it. 1lut the weight of responsibility
is so heavy upon you, and the demands
upon your administrative powers so
multitudinoNs. Ohat thnl ymPathby alone
of those who admire Xour position
would pt-ompt theiml to give j a yl6i.
ing hand, however small that help may
be. llaced.as you are'at the head of
hur government, under circumstances of
the m..< I rY)ing nature, and making as
you are a portion or our history most
absorbing in interest to posterity, it is
but just and proper that you should be
sustained in your e?Yrts to preserve the
equilibrium offustice in a- land almost
shivere(d by civil disSension.
My desigt in thu addressing you, is
ndt to influence the radical portion of
tile country-so much as to encourage
yotu ii your arduous task 'of administer
ing the Government. Thft task is
Herculean. In tihe disch'arge of your
duties, 'vhicih weigh Reavier upon you
than a mountain of lead, you ha'e the
pn[elgi'ed sympathies of the South.
Your noble, -patriotio and Statesmanlike
view of the s'tnatibn will entitle you to
t.he adaitration of posterity, and of its
thanks too, sb fkr as the South is con.
cerned. Impartinl history will sustain
y-oi iii-your position. To rise triumph.
antly in conterpporanieotis history may
be the ambition of the most ambitions,
but your boast may be that you ignore
Slie plaudits o( - living men, if tltt be
tihe sine qa flon of poliularity.
111avinig taken the oath of. allegiance
ro tihe United States Government, and
beinghonest in my purpose to abide*hy
that oilth, te nore freely (10 I thus ad
dress yoti, thtt tr4th, if it be "powerful
and must prevail, may sustain -yot in
your most, embarrassihg situation,.
We of time South opposed the
North upon principles which we were
taught to be just and iinultlae. You
are aware, that two schools o0politicians
at least, absorbed the political disciple.
Ibip of our 'whole country. By. some
adventil ions circunstances, which would
be'wholfy olit of plaice l.ere to introduce,
the majority of the Southern stion of
the Union, and the pnajority of the
Nortlieru. section, -wvre - placed in an.
tagnistic schools. Thw tbachings of the
two were st) adverse in priinicplo and
tefl.dCncv, lhat no rellecinig mind will
be.surprised at. the fitl issue induced by
those tencl)is. It'is unnecessary to
review tI past. Its dreadful facts are
.nlpon s, and nothing but whiniig
fanlaticim would bring it up is the basis
of future action. - Thti sectional, and
even perhonal feeling have more or less
weight in-the discussion of subjects pro
patrio, I do pot deny. Bhit that a i
tional pride may not neutralize that, in
fiunee, all must admit.
When the hopes of the then Confe.de.
racy were wrecked, nothmng perhiaps
could exceed the venom thmat existed at
the South towvards thme North. We felt
tlhat every p)riniciple of lawv and of jus.
tice, huiman and Divine, were ignored
by the North. But wh len your procha
muatioti of the 29th May, 186.5 appeared,
the thernometer of Sout hern senitimett
unmistakably indiqated a waning heat.
TheIa progressiv.e ,developments of your
recotnstruictiona policy accelerated the
depression of .that thermometer.'* And
when the Cotngross of' the. UJnit.ed States
assembled, so saeguaino avero the friends
of your p)olicy of the sanction of that
body, that the then recent r. morse was
absorbeid by a hope of a better futurn in
our political experience, and the ex.
pectation of a government that for unyity
and power and grar.:deur, would be un.
surpassedl by the world. But ooming
events east their- shadows before them.
Such shiadowe psreceded the assembling
ofCongress ne 'gave great apprehension
to the honest supporters of the UTnited
'Statcs.- That body substantiated those
shadows, and the trne men of the South
(and they were named legiort) trem.led
at the contemplatiou and miscarriage of
your progrpi me. Not'that t,bey fbated
the vindictmve rage of radicals, bus, that
they saw the perversion of political
I rust, and withi it the end of noble aind
Yott .ean.itmagitne, Sir, thme amav.ing
wohider which overwhelmed the defend
ors of your Oonatitu 'policy, when
thie action of Congr 'li as- a thunder.
boMaito thetr camp~f
Its effect was itia ine to
LTider your liberal and atriotic course,
which, like the magtlet, had drawn our
iymupa'iv and our aid to the National
Jovernment, the refusal of Congress to
treat with descent respect the men
6yhoim we had sent to aid in the recon
truction of the Government upon prin.
.iples .sanctioned by the North, shivered.
IA influence of that magnet, and banish.
ad tihe hopes and expectations (I will
not say the purposes) of the South, and
loft us a paralyzed, if not a disaffected
people. You, Sir, may wash your
hands of this great transgression. The
blood of a inurdeed nation will not bo
11pon you aid your posterity. Untar.
Itished will stand the statuQ of your
rame in the niches of impartial hisiory.
During ile whole of last' summer
Lhose who had only recently been
found in arms against the United States
Government, not to destroy it, but to
abandon it, were -unconscioualy found to
be lauding the power 'and prestigo of
that Government. Old associatious had
begun to be revi-ed. Anticipations as
pleasing as apprehensions had been
.oleful, began to prevail throughout thfe
South. Business was resumed with
deerulness, and recreation spiced with
hiopefulness. But that dream lis van
ished likn the otherial mists. of a sum.
mer's morn. "The winter of discontejr."
extends over our whole land, in the
place of which there inight have been
the serenity of ili esummer - of peace.
Indifferenee IAs succeeded eliant choice.
The wounds which oblivion land begun
to heal have been sava rely irritated,
and their festering secrx'ons may,lead
to conseqnencesappalling to mention.
You will not think, Sir, that opposition
to a faction is disloyalty to Government.
rTe radicals would have us belit:ve,
and yoi believe, that their nostrums are
panaceas for every political disqase.
But we of the South solemnly admolnish
Messrs. Sumner and Steve is that the
tendency of their course is to destroy
every vestige of the Unipn they seem
Ro zealous to uphold. For nyself, I
deprecate any further bloody issues.
But I do qolemnly and sincerely warn
those gentlemen that the position they
hold, howeve.r it may aggrandize the
ephe acral power i f party, %% i I in the
end -esult only in anarchy,.bloodshed and
ruin. We are treated ai madmen.
Will it be.surprising if we deport our
selves as such ? .
Why mince mattegs ? Why 'not
come to the isste 4 once ? Mr. 8tm.
ner, and those of his way of thinking,
have received their poltical education
il. a section where slavery has long ago
been aboii,ed. The views which ha
to.fay would'-force upon its are Pu-:h as
he vas years alopting. With a creative
power whiah none but Onnisdience and
Oimnipotence would dare exert, lae pro.
poses to re-create political sentimnt in
the South. Let him do -it, if he can.
The results of *ar would 'ak a such
condition desirable. - But let him kiow
Ihat lae whispers against tornadoes when
he attempts to rentould, in the twinkling
of an eye, the sentiment- of the SQuth
Tho bounties of fortune which he and
his co-adj4tors now enjoy from the
profits of the slave trade, should shame
him into silence. But, like aiders and
abettors of a criminal act, shame is not
a.knowledged in his vocabulary.
I write, Sir, in sight of .the arnied sol.
dier who is here to enfoi-ce the princi
ples inculcated by the rahentl party
North. H ad your policy been ~the
grounid of action on the part of Con
gress, no expo.nent of military power
would have been seen to day in the~se
streets to intpress u po:n us that we are a
conquered people. The acknowledgmenut
ot' that faict was a foregone onclrksion
twelve mout,hs ago. That soldier is an
evielinace that we not only stand berore
the North as a conquered people, bnt
that- we are a perjured' people. They
dpmnrtnded our oaths, We give them.
T1hat soldi'er stanids there the very ex
ponent of Northeorn doubt, -and that
doubt is, the honesty of the S4uthern
people in taking that oath. We may
be regarded as having made a virtue of
necessit.y when we suibscribed tat oath,
but we dlo solemnly and eternally pro.
teat against having perjury made a vir
tue for us, I know, Sir, that J speak at,
a manacled slave through~the iron grate,
but when my official counsel cannot re,
ceive a hearing at the bar of justice. it
is the last privilege of the doomed cutl
prit to ,record his protest aginst the
a.nlawfurl sentence of 'his judge. Angl
this I do, an.d, Sir, I dim it in the nan;e
Hoping t.hst suecess may yet ero%fn
your nob,e ef[rts to reclaim and estab
Jish and p.rpti*te the p)iunciples upon,
which usr .oernment was originally
based, . Z resain, Sir,
a your humble sorvant,
D. B. McCREIoHT,
W.rxxaboaA, 8. 0.
Ii.05ore TaTWins tat Mrs
3aaeroft e. t be the esaeretay of
United tatmu loteril Revenue .dwat
'ix and 'litp Da6-mportent. for
The following table; catifully prep4r.
e4 fron the g#9ral Federal Tax Laws,
will be fonnd exdeedingly interesting
and impoitant to all classes of citizens.
Cut it out and preserve it :
RATKS OF 41C'.N8.
Wholesale Dealers, $50
Retail Dualero, 10
Retail Liquor De,1ke. 26
Horse Dealers, 10
Livery Stable Keejpers, I
Intelligence Oflice, 10
Insurance Agent, 10
Comnlemiial l1rokers, 10
Brewers, - 50
Pedlers, with more than two holles, 50
Pedlers with two horses, 25
Pedlers with one horse, 15
Pedlers on foot, 10
Coal Oil Distillers, 10
Bowling Alleys, 10
Billiard Tables, ' 10
Eating Houses, - 15
Confectioners, . '
Claim Agents, 10
Real Estatt Agents, 10
Conveyance s, 1.0
Hotels according to rent or esCimate
value of property.
On notes, for evary hundred or fraction.
al part of a hundred dollars, 5 c1s.
Contracts, approisennts of
value or damua'e, or for any
other purpose, .for every
shoeor piece of paper, up.
on which either of the samia
shall be writtenf 5 cts,
Certidit6e., .25 CU.
Conveyances, deeds, instri.
ments, or writing whereby
any lands, tenements or oth.
er reality sale' shall be grant. *
ed. assigned or transferred,
amounting to $500-or less. 50 cts.
And for every additional $500
or fractional part thereof 50 ct..
Lea.,e, agreement, neinoran.
dum or contrict'for the hire,
use or retnt of any land, teii-,
nent or portion 'thereof,
whio thu rent or rental
value 11'$300 por annum or
less, 50 ets.
For each 'addetional $300 or
fractional part thereof, 6 0 C6.
Mortgages for any definite or
certain sum of monley ex.
c0eding $100 and VfoteAe
$50) --.50 cts
Exceeding $500 and not ex.
For every additional $500 or
fractional part thereof, in ex.
cess of $1,000, . . 50 ets.
Power of attorney for sale or
transfer of any stocks, bonds
or scrip. - 25 cts.
Power of attorney or prozy for
votinag, -JO eta.
Power of attorney to receive
or collect, rent, - - 25 ets.
Power of attorney to sell and
convoy real estate or rent, -$1.00
Power of atborney for ardy
-ot.her purpose, 50 eia?
Protests, 25 ec.
Receipts exceeding *20 2 et.
Wareh,ouse recoipts not ex
ceedling .500 10 eta.
Exoeedin~g *500 and flst .ez
*ceeding *1,000, * 20 eta.
For every additional *1,000 or
fraotional part thereof, 10 eta.
- LEoAl. Dr0OUMENTS.
WVrit or of,her original prpgcess
. by which any suit Is come.
menced in any court of
record. .. 50 eta.
Where tha amnouut cla.ined jn
a writ isued lay a anr A4
al reuord, Ia ,)00 qr ove . 40 pta,
Upon every confsain ofjt g.
IIesDt e.ooiyip for o
Writs or ohp p' of ap.
.peals frovan.justice arta or.
other courte qf I prjpria.
4iction to a~ re4qd. 50 eta.
Warrant of di where .
the amoun6,al does not
exceed *100 2A ec.
When the qlained ae..
ceedsa$10 . _ *9 ete,
Thre, only are eget4ial to
hasppin ely-someth%n -&o do'
annpat.hin 3Qj. . .u..el.l ao hope
Naw YOUS, Fsk,. 2f.-Pansima dastees
to the 12th inst. *.avf' b.#6 reciiv'd.
A gold .mine tad 6otij-.dico')red .1
miles from iatatna The duvelopments
were pronounced exceedingly ricl.
Advi'es from Callao co:firm the re.
port that Peru ha4declared war againsnt
Spain. Hostiliios had not yet com.,
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.-In the Sel,
ate, Wade of Ohio, offered a resolution
aniending the C-nititution, reridering
the President inelligible to election for a.
vecond term. lie supported the resoli.
tion in. a spee-ch, alluding in: caustic
terms to the President, who, he.said bad
developed a policy agreeable to every
enemy of the country.#
Senator'WiOen.,Pffered a resoltioV
which was adopted, instructing the
Committee.on'leconstructiono to enquire
how far the late rebellious States have
conformed to the sentimihts of the Presi;
dent's Itecostruction Policy.
Senator Dhvis, of Kntucky, red a
long argument in opposition to the
Fr'edmen's Bureau bill, .and su'staining:
the rresident's veto.
Senator Trumbtul followed in A
Speech, opposing the veto.
A vote was taken on the A;'oed bill.
which resulted. in eyes 30, nays 18
vote insufficient to procure.its passage..
Isa the House, Stevens, from the CoML
mittee on Reconstructioni reported a
joint resolution, declaring that no Repra.
sentative shAll be admitted to either
branch of Congress.from the late rebel
lious States; until Congress .As'll. haver
decared susC States'entiiled to repiaan
Mr.*Grinder, from the minority of.tie
R'sconstructiotn. Committee, . obtained
leave. to rea4 a ,report.from pa. inori.
.ty, declaring-that the 't'wt-of fyowift.
see was' ntiiled't? fe)r'eientai*
Mr. Stevens said that he was earneso
in hi.s disposition, until yes.terday, to en
quire intothweconditionof Tnnessee;and,
see whether that 'Siatp was entitled to.
representation ; but since theh there has
been a change; and it is. wholly out of
the power of the Committee to. proc'efd
further without surrendering the ightq
of the body to the asurfatio'n of another
Much excitement. prevailed. during
Stevens demVdpd a Vote 6n tise
A motion to adjourn' s proposed,' to
stjVe othe iote. The House will be
in session to hight. There is 'no pros.
\Ve&S IINOToN, Fob. 20.*-Stevens'
resolution to deprive theo Southern StAtes
of representation sjntil fit declared pass.
ed thes House to-night by a vote of 109
I'Jhe following is the conchrdling por-.
tion of a speech 4elivered by Gen. Sher
man at Det*bit a few days ago:.
I never expect to again command a
military force. We are too. power(u)
for our peace to be destroyed. in the fa
ture by a domestic or foreigns foer.: The
country has tootnany men, sutch a those
whom I now see' 'sound me, some of
whom accompanied me through the pin.
forests of Georgia and the.Carolina, for
its quiet to be lightly dieturbodMichie
gan herself alone,' and certait~ .when
backed up by Illinois, Indiano and Wis
lomesln, coul raise an army large enotagh
to r,ot, only repel but crush anymforce or
power thist sijoid4 1ar. infrin;e upor
Our natione) a.ffire will shor ly be
restoye4 to janfe .49 peMwat braiu'
Congress. g)a a tllasfini.hed' eertain,
amount of tar, as all' popila. assemblies
must, will speedily settC all qstestions..
A year ago you were ejssio';s for the
army t!hicht hid-the honor to com
mand. It had dieappested from your
sight ; yoqp heard ntothivig from ' and.
kne noQI*hekit ws/g or whsettwas,.
going.. Exercisue equel faith now, and*
saatters will ofne oust te o1l. I knoW,
the man at the head of 'sfrrsa t~ Wash.
ington, and all we have .tevdo1s to trust
tim. ICrercise forbeavsnm.aaA triot..
lym, and give the Presienot -earty
aud earneet p:ppget. We qpeaaly