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Wm, TnE PSOPLE OF THE &TAT8 OP sOUTH OARO
LINA, OV OUa IfELEGAT8-4 IN cONVk:NTFIN
METT, Do ORDAIN ATD ESTABLISHTITIs C NSTI
. TUTION FOR Tl GoVERNMENT OP TIE BAID
SECTIoN 1. The Legislative authority of tiis
- tAte shall be vested in a General Assembly,
w bich shall consist of a Senate and a House
8KCTION 2. The House of Represenlatives
shall be composed of Members chosen by bal.
lot. every second year, by the citizensof this
State, qualifled as in this Constitution is pro.
SECTION 3. Each Judicial District ill the
State shall conet itute ot Electioh Ditrict, ex
cept Charleaitn District, w,ich shall bo divi.
ded into two Election l)istrlcta.onle consisting
of the lato Parishes of St. Phillip and St.
Alichael, t be desienated th Electionl Dip.
frict of Charleston t the other coni6tinig of all
that part of the Judicial District, which is
witthou the Imits of rsaid Parishes, to be kt.uwtn
aa the Eluction Dstrict of tierkeley .
SrcTIoN 4. The boutndariei ofr ile Revernl J1n
dicialtnli Electil Dipltricts shall recmin as
they nre nfow emnli1ithed.
ECTIN 6# #'ho House of 1t(presetltatives
siall coiast of on hunIred fill t vutt four
M1 mhn,i-s. Ito be apportitned lniontr tht 4everal
Eiioctit>m Distriats or the Sttf, accordiig !O
the num'er of' white inhabitants colint,I in
eachi, vilid thn amlotnt of all taxes raised by ihie
General .aseenmbly. whethOr direct or Jndit cet,
or of wiatever stecies paid in eaci, deductitig
thererr tte all taxes paId on ack(oUnt of proper.
ty hld to any other District, and addini
th reto all taxes elsewhere paid ol actount of
property held in such Di.atrict. An enumera
tion of the whito inimbitante, for thIs purpose,
was Inade I . the year one tlhousand lit hun1
dred and filty-.pine. and shall be mta e ill hlia
coOrse ot evel y tenith year thereafter, ill such
mantiner as siatIl be, by law, directed ; anld
Ilepreventativ -s 411ll he assigned to tle differ.
ent Districts iW tIle above-menItioned propor.
tionl, by Act of the General Assetlbly at tile
session immediateLy tcceedliilg every etimno
ration . Provid, That untiil the aepgrtidn.
ment, which sh.all be mad-i upon thip lit nl n Clif
imcration. shall take efrect, the repreintation
of the se-veral Election Districts,1, herein cou.
stituted, shall continue as assigned at the liast
apportionetiet, each District which has been
herefolre dividcl into mPinaler Districts,
xnown as Parishes,havingr the a!rgregate num.
bor of Representatives which the Parishes
herctofore embritced within lits limtit ha.vn-lad
, fince tIlat nipportiolitnent, tile lepre.tcnt1liVe
to which till Parish of Ail SatotA Imas beent
heretofore tilit;cd, ieing, durin I this iilterval,
aiined to lorry Election District. it
ECTTION 6. If the etiuiration hercinidireef.
ed shall not be tmade InI the courie of the year
nippinttited for lho purpose, it ail -be !lie dut f
ot' the Governor it have it etfected as cotto
thereafter as shall be praetirable.
SECTioN 7 it assignitgli epresentativea to
thl. everal Diptricts, tile Geeral Asetbly
shall allow one Repri%atitative for every sixt y.
s et,nd part of the whole nIumber of whiit, iln.
habitatits ill the State, and one Renri-Plenintive
i;o llcr qvery sixty scoid part of tile whlfe
taxt, r:i-ted by ill Geeral Assetbly. There
shall be further allowed onti l ,eprestItative
fr Aun-h fraclions of the six4y dveoni plirt tir
thle white inhlabitanls, 1111d ofs1h14 bixty.Petcondi
p trl il'the taxes, as When added together fin tn
1,:c-itoN 8. All taxes upon property, real or
persual, shall ti laid upo0 tho m-ltu.1 I valuo of
Ithe properly tlxed, as the sano shall bm a,ccr.
taekiicd by the nsezsimnetit natde r thi pur.
pise of laymng suci tax. In t he-ir.t appor
ti-nntent which shall he triado inite the till
Atitutioll tile atiloullt of taxes bliall be eslina.
ted fitim ile averago of tile two years text pl e.
cedirg 9ich apportiotnent ; but in ever sub.
a,.Iici,t app.rliw-mnet,t, fr-oin Ill average of
the tell yea S t1111 ext prec1edin,ll. -!
!EcTtoN 9. If, inl the a-pirtimimevt f rlep
re sentatives ; lifty Efction Diatrict shall ap-'
pear not to be entild, Irot its popItiotn and
"a taxes, to a lepresentat ive; st%:h Election
District shall neVerthelesa denid onm R-pre.,eu
tative ; and, it there b>e rtill a duliciency of tfe
nuitjher of .Representtives rI quiredl. by Ae.
tito fifth, auc1h defit ieicy shall be supplied by
assigiig Representatives to thoso Election
Districts haviLig the lirqat surplus roctions,
whether thosfractiots conisist of a colllbieu.
tion ol pop(jlatibn and taxes, or of poiflafioll
or taxes uqparately, until tihe number of oite
ltodred anl twenty-lour Members be made
up ' Provided, hotrver. That n1o.nore than
t welve lItprese)ntetives all, inl any app)ortioln
- 11uent, he assig ned to anlyone Election D iistriclt.
SECTION It. No apportionmen of epreselin
tatives shell be constrte.- to take effect, in any
lipam nt~r 111Ilie general election whtch shlall
suicCei suchl apportionlInent,
6EcTION Ii. '1'ho Scraae shall he( compOsedl (f
one member from each Election District, except
the Election District of Chtarieston, to whichI
shaIllbe allowed two Senators.
SEc-TIoN 12. Upon01 1 Ithe eting of tile first
Gelleral Asmemobiy, whlich shIall be chosen un
der tile provisiorfts of this Constitution. -the
Senatora shall ldevided, by lot, lnol two
classes ;Itlescat of tile Schaiors of tihO 0on
class t-o bo valcated at ,ho expiratiotn of four
years; and tihe naamIber of ti-.ee classes shaU
be so proprtionted ti.at pnet hlaif of' tile whiole
1n0mber of Senators may, as nea.rly as possi
by~ conltinlue to be chlosenl thlereafter eveysc
am.cTloN 13. No person shall be eligIible to,
or take or retall, a eat in the Hontso (If Repre-.
senttatives, unleas5 he is a free whitoi mall, wilt
hmath attaIned tile age <f Iwenuty-ono yeatrs,
hail) been a pitigen an1 I a- reihent of tiS State
three years nlext preced(ingl tihe daly (Ir eection~
ann hlath been for tile last six mthtst of this
tIme, anId all conttinnteI, a reSidet,tf tile Dis.,
trhct which lie is to represenlt.
SEcTION 14. No peison sll tIe eligible to,
or take or~ retain, a seat n tile $cnate, unless5
he Is a free wvhite mlan, whlo hathl lIttiled tile
age of thlirty yt are, ha th beenl a citEe and
resident oIf this Slate fivg years next precedling
the day of eicetion,, and1 bath been, for tihe las'
six monuths of tils tiene, anI 5h-1ll continun t)
be, a resident of tIle District wicho laI to relp.
Sr.cnod 15. Senators andl Memibersot tile
House of Represopjatives. qehall., be ch,oren at it
genleral eiectionl on the tMear W tcontfday ila
October in the present yeat. Aid on.hlle se
.day in every secoInd year., thleroter..in II uch
mIanb4r, and for sucb hims of oflice, aasro
herein direct.ed. .They sh ll infet on1 thp
fo-arth Motay i NoVemn 'r, nftnnually, at
. ColumtbIa, (whigli . stipl fSlmaip .tho. Pclat of
.o tnmnent, 0til: pt tg' 4~uhmined by
the concurrence of two-tidr<. ofth branches
of tho'whoitepresetIoo,) /Mley oh&ase-.
a ltice of Var or eloneaglous. disorder sUhma ren.
*deriitrusa b in t hore o in ditAro of whief
cases, 51he Ove ~t ommon an dIrin-chief,
for tihe tImes betp r,tb, b pflefmatilu, ap.
point1 a more seduro and convenienlt yaeo
tntlo 16 The tyrms oftoflice of the Sena
tors anId ereetaise-, chosienlt general
election, shall begIn on Mnayfollowing
SaeTIolr 17 Each Uonso shmil Jna4ar ofth
clocti4pes returne anpd quolititions of lts own
blemtber ; and a majority of each [louse shall
coURtIOto a quortni to do business ; but a
smnallennumber may adjourn from day to day,
antd m1Ay bo authorized to coimipel tile attend..
Qnce of absent Alembcra, in sich iananer, and
uider buch penalties, as may be provided by
wrOTioN 18. Each House shall choose its own
officers, determino its rules of proceeding,
puuliahl its Nfembers for disorderly behavior
and, with the coicurrence of two-thirds, expei
a Megpber, but not a second timo for the sanic
SEcTMoN 19. Each Ilouso may punish, by im.
prisonme.t, durIng itsi,ittiig. any person nut
it Moember, who shall be guilty of disrespeet tu.
tie Ilouse by any disorderly or contemptuous
behavior in its presetice ; or who,, during sie
tine of Its sittinr, shall threaten harm to body
or estate of any i Meanher for anything said or
ione fn edicr Hupo, or *ho shall alsault aby
of therm therefor, or who shall assault or arrest
any witness o' other person orde(ed to attend
the House. in his goinir thoroto, or returning
thercfrom. or who shall-rescue any person ar
rcsted by order of the House.
ScTo.m 20. The Members of both Houses
shall be protected in their perqons and estates
dtirinir tIleir attendanco on, going tg.ati re
turning fromt, the General Assembly, and ten
daya previ )us to-the sitting, and ten dava af.
ter tihe a"ljournmietit thereof. Bult these"privi.
Iee sihall not be extendod su an to protect any
Miember who Fhall be charged with tIrcaun,
floity, or breach of the peace. .
SUCriN 2l. Bills for raising a revirnue aiall
origitnate in the House or Representatives, but
Iniy be altered, amntilded or rejected by the
seniato : anid all other hills mly originate in
either House, and may be amended, altered or
rejected by the other.
80bTIoN 22. Every Act or leaolution havinig
the force or law aball relate to but line subject..
and that shall be extressed in the title.
brtp-roN 23. No bill shall have tile force of
law until it siiall have been read three tines,
anid on three several dlays, In each Hous, has
hadi the seal of the Sta'to affised to it, and has
hee tsiged in tile Senate House by the Presi.
deni gof the Senate and the Speaker of the
H1oll.-e. fURPresulntatives. .
.SEcTION 24. No money shall be drawn out
of the Public Treasury but by the legislative
i,tihority of the State.
SUCTIoN 25. in pl elections by the General
Assembly,. or either. House thereof, the mean'
beV shall vote 'vita voee," and theirvoics thus
arivti, shall be entered upon the journals of the
Hsit to which they respectively belong.
SEcTION )6 The members of tie General
Aq;ctnbly. wito shall meet under thiW'Constitu.
tion, shall lie entitled to receive out of the Pub.
li. 7'resSUy, for their etpenace during their
attendate. oi, going to and returning from,
the General. Assembly, five dollars for each
days attendaice, and- twenty cents for every
TOn of the ordiniry route of travel between
the redtdenceof the W1tniber and the capital or
other ploce ofeit ting of tihe General Assembly,
both going ani returnmii ; and the same may
bo increased or diminiashed by lkw. If circun
stances shall require ; but no alteration shall
be inad14e to take efiect during the existence of
,the Gelerl Assembly which shall make such
ScTIox 27 NeIther ouse. durinr the set
tiotn0o4 the tieneril Asseibly, shall, without
the cnsent of th%other. adjourt. for more
thal three days, nti o any other place than
that in which the Assembly shall be at the into
iEc'TioNm 2.. No person shall be eligible to a
seat in thte General Asse'nibly whilst he hoies
aity ofliie ol profit or trust undler this State,
thl Uuit,d tiates of America, or any of them,
or uider any other power, exce t- officeri inl
1he tiiliti, triny or navy of thi.i .tate, Maia.
trates or Justieisof ItleriorCourta, while auoh
nptices'receive no salaries; nor shall any
cofitractor of the arny or navy of this State,
tile United'Statea or America, or any of then,
or the ago: ts of much contractor, be liible to
at seat in either House.- And if ani f ember
shall accept or perclso any of the said disquall
fyint'eoTha, le shall vacate his seat.
$ovt6 29. If atly Election Distiict shall
neglect to chooso.a ineinbor or members oi the
day of chowtiin'vir if any person chosen a
member or either IAso shall refijn to quall.
ly and take his seat, or shall resign, die, de.
part th9.State. accept, al y diqAtialyiyrt ielrn,
or becom ui,herwise disquaitied 'to hold his
seat.h writ oTelection shall be is.Aned Iy the
Pres:dent of the 2cnate or Speaker of the
House of Representatives, as tlhc cae may be,
for the purpose of filling tile vacancy the.y Iny
occasioned, for the remainder of tine terrn lor
which the person so refusing to qualify, re.
signing, d ing, departing tIne State, or becon.
inx disquaified. wats elected to serve, or ile
defaulting' Election District ought to have
chosen a member or members.
SacTroN 30. And whereas, the minislers of
tile Gopnel are. by their profession, d .dicated
to the ser-vit'cof God and1 tIle curo of sou115,
atid otur t not be divertedl franr thle grreat do.
ticseol their tlunctions,, thereforoe, no tninister
of the Gospel or pnbtlic preacher ofi any re.,
lIgious perstuasion, whlilst hie continues ini the
exercise of his piastorai fonctions.'-ihall be
eligible to the office ofG Governier, Lieutenant
Governor,-or to a seat int the Senate or tine
liouse of Representatives.
SEcTroN 1. Tile Exec'utive anthnriiy of tIhis
State shall. he vested int a Chief Magisetrate, wino
suhl he styled, The Governor of thie St ate of
SEcioN 2. TrhoeGovernor shlall be elected by
tile elecions dluly 'lualified to vo)te for mer,tbers
of the Homteo of atpresentatives. and shall-hold
Is ofmce for four yearis. and until his succes.
sur shall1 be c hd'en and qualified ; but the
.ssmo pcra->n shall not be Governor for two
SEcTioN 3. Ne person shtaji .be eligible to ile
office o. Govgrnor, utleee lie hath sittained the
age of thirty years, and hiathi been a citizen
and residenlt of thIs State for the ten years
next preceditif the day of electIon. And noi
personi shall hoid ,thai office of Governor.'andi I
anly ether officoor comnmisslon, civil or mnilita-.
ry, (exce.pt; In militia,) under this State or the<
palited St&tes, m,r any of the,,or anay other
power, at one and the same time.
SnmcTloos 4. The returns of eyery eleotion of
Hovernor shall -be sealed up by the Mfanagers
of Eie.ctlpns lmn theire respectifve Disirleta, and
transmitted, b a mlessenger chosen by then., I
to the, Ceat pf .Goveremensnt, direqted -to the'
itecretitry of tatq, who ehall--deliver them to C
the Speaker pf the Ilpuse of Representatives.
at the next enstuing bession of the Ge'a As
sejnbly, ,ltgrin the first week of w fb seea
sion the8Spesaker saal ofen ae.ad biIsh them a
in the preece of both Hoss :tbo enerat 'd
Asses f.- 'the person hayisg the hig#iest
number of votes shall be Goy but If two iL
or mofe-sheali be equal sand --in votes,
the Gouteral Assebly shaj, 4owjgther sq
deCsion, i the iotise of Repe " a lye., efCC
oneofjbem,Governor u(wa bq.4oensn elea S
Il1oisfer. Governorsehe lle deserhil byilby
teasIAdefnbly ina sohMaa.er 4 be
groserl,e by law. , .
-Sc:O Lieutenant Govreealibe
chiosen g me time, in thpe sasde chanspr1
contiat)hS4e for the earme period, and be
possessih of!h same qualificaubon as the.Gov
ernor amt:s itai Wqloi bq rsa fte
. ExorG . Tha-Lleutna- Ger. -lu- v
to Presidenit of the Senate, oball have ho vote.
Jnless.94e heanato oequally divided.
Sc094or 7. ThqSeqato shall chcose a Prof.
lent pro fean iore oact In' the absence of the
LIcutenant-Vovernor, or when he shall exor
:Ase (lhe offie QfCovcrq!r.
ScTolet. A member of the Senate, or of
Il Ilbuse of Representatives, being chosen aiind
acing as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor
shall, tberou p, Vacate his seat. and another
pe son shall be elected in his stead.
SECTIoN 9. In case of the impeachment of
the Governor or lip removal from orlice, death,
resinatlolt, disqualification, disability or re
m11oval fruill the State. the LiAeutenant-Governor
ohal I succeed to his office, and In case of the
aimpeachment of the Lieutenart Governor or
via removal from offi9e. death, resignation, d's
ualification, disablilly or removal fromt the
late, the President pro tempore of the Senate
'ha Il succeed to his ofice ; and when the otfie
if tihe Governor. Lieutenant.Governor and
President pro fepers of ibe Senateoshall be
:ome vacallt ire the recele of the Senate t %he
Recretary (if State, for the time being. iar1,
Iy proclamaion, convene I:o Senate, that it
Presidentpro tempere nfy be chosen to excr.
ise the office of Governor for the anexpired
SECTION 10. The Governor shall be Com.
nater-in. Chief of the Army anti Navy -if
Di State and of the militia, except whent they
hall be called into the actual service ofthe
SECTION It. Ile shall have power to grant
-eprieves and pardons after conviction, (except
i casecs orinpeachment,) im.such manner, on
iucl terms an i under suc h restrictions as he
ihall think proper, and he shall ha,4e power to
cmilt fines and forfeitures, unless other.wsc
llrected by law. It shall be his duty to report
0 the General Assembly at the next regular
iession thereafter all pardonas granted by him.
vith a full statement ofeach case and the rea
tons moving him thereunito
S cTION 129 lie shall take caie that the
awe he faithfully executed in mercy.
SNoTIoN 13 TheGovernor and Lieutenant.
3o#ernor shall, at stated times, receive for their
ervices a compensation which shall be neither
ficreased nor diminished during the period
or which they shall have been elect
SZOTION 14. All 'officers in the Expoutive
pariament, when required b7 the Covernor,
hail give hm information in writing upon oany
lubject relating tothi duties of their respec t.
, 8ScTboN 15. The Governor shall, from time
0 time, give to the Gleneral Assembly infor
ration of tile condition of the State, and re
.ommend to their consideration such measures
o tc shall Jude necessary or expedient.
SUCTION 16. lie may, on extraordinary oc
asions, convene the General Assembly. and
hllauld either House remain without a quorum
ror three days. or In case of disagreanit he.
ween t.e two Houses. with respect to the tiane
if adjournment , may adjourn thei to suc
tino as lie shall think prop.r, not beyond the
roprth Monday of Novembor then next ensu,
r.cnToN 17. le shall commission * all ofil
:o s of the State.
ScraoN 18. It shall be the duty of the
M"anu ersol Elections of tils Ntate. at th. first
genera elections udder this Constitution, antl
at each alternate general election thereafter,
to hold an ele.tion for Governor atid Lleuten
-SzoTio- t9. The Governor and the Liouten
ant-Governor before entering a gomithe duties
of their respective offices. shall, Iii thearesence
of the General Assembly, take the oath
of ulice precribed In this Constitution.
SEcTIoN 20 The Governor shall reside.
during the sittinir of the General Assembly, at
the place where its acssioin may Ie heat ,aC
the Genemi Assembly may by. law. reqidro
him to rele at the 'apitol of die Seant,.
ScTIon 21. Every Hill which sli.li have
passed the .General Assembli shall, befire it
become a law. he presented t the Governor ,
I hn approve, he shall sign.it ; but if not. le
hl1l return it, with his objections. to that
Rouse in which it shall have originated. who
alas il enter tle objectipnse at large no llelrjour.
al; and proceed to reconsider It. It after 81uah
reconsideration, a majority of the whole repre.
oentation of that House sliall-agree to pass tlae
Bill, it shall tbe sent, together with the objec
ions, to thu a-ther House, by which it aall
likowaso be reconsidered, and If approved lby a
nnjority of the whole representation of that
>ther House, It shall becotnie a law. But in all
much cases the votes of both Houses . shall be
Jetermined by yeas and nasya; and Ithe names
if the persons voting for and agalA.t the Hall
Phall be entered on the journal of each House
lespectively. Ifany Bill ahall not be returned
ay the Governor within two days (Sundnys
xcepted) after it shall have been presentael to
1rn, the mine shall be a law In like manner
ts if lie had signied it And. that iltiie may ai.
Nays ho allowed the Governar toconater
[311l. passed by the General Assemobly, neIther
[louse shall read any Bill on the ha s't day o f its
essin, excent such BIlls as have . been
eturned by theGovernor as herein provi
S:ctrote 1. Thejudicial power shall be vest.
ed ini socah Suporlor and Inferior Courts oft
Law and Equaty as the General Assembly
ilhall, fromn titme to time, direct and establish,
Ite Judges of the Seperipr t?iurts shall be
dcetced by thae Genters? Assembly, shsll hold
neir offices d'urnir good behavior, eands thail,
at stated -tInes, receive a comopensation (or
theIr services, which shaall neither be Increas
ad noar diminIshed during theIr 'contInuance
In office ; but they shall receive no. fees or
perquisites of office, nor hold say nither offee
>i proits or trust under this Slate. the United
States of A merica, or any of themn. or an.y
>ther power. The General Asseinbly shall, as
oma as pos.ible, establish for e.aeb Dialtrict In
he State an Interior Court or Courts, to be
tyledl "The DistrIot Couirt,"the Judge whereof
hall be reeident In the-DitrIct whIle In omice,
hail be elected by the General Assembly for
our years, apd shall be re-lgible, whIch
jouart shall havasjurisde tin of a U clvil caiue
whereina one or beth of the partIes are persones
(fcolor, Andi ofall eriminal eases . whecreip the
accused is a perran of oolor, and the General
tasembly Is ernpowered to extend tbe jurie.
icrion of the said Court to other sub.
ects .. ,
8ax TroN 2. 'The Judges shsIl nmeet atad alt
t CoCIlrbia, at.such timees the General As.
embly enaay by Aot presibe, for the durpose
thiearing wie deternrdding all motIins for
ow trIal. andi arnrest of judement, end such
olnts of law as may be stubmitted -to them,
nd the General.Assemnbly may by Act appoitt
ha oilier ple fo s n weetlng as in their
a,.The at. of Ssth4oaeofethCr
utoq eLol:o arid the pebsio Prd di
al 1 ARC tIVV.
In all etsato be,slede bythe people of
I it6f4 a 7 #6 hieI~ for clii or
tIcal ofever r -a he be btitherd
witi . .: 'j , .
lie disit%g *4 Vbimpt wis beatlain.
tie soldIarefa tharamaDe ....S,a., m..
rin of the navy ofthetndte stol. !Ieshall,
for the two years next -e ng.the day of
elec01etr, have beena fcit el Or. thts $late., or,
for thesame perlodian emitrant from:Europe,
who has declared his intetition to become a
citizen ofthe Uinted States, acoor .in -to the
Contitutloo aid Laws' of the Un States.
IHo shall have resided in this State lot at least
two years nbxt precedinir the day of elebtlon.
and, for the lest Pix months of that time..In the
District1n which he offers to vote. prosdtO.
however, That the G.enral Assembly may. b*
quir n a registry cf voter, or othersifta.
bis RftIon,' gusi d agIidot, fiauds. in olec
ftons, and usurpations of the right of suffrage.
may impose disqualification to' voto as a pull.
lehment for- criane,aud may prescribe ad.
ditional qualifications for voters in municipal
eacCtions. i ..
A RTICLE V.
A ll persoan, who shall be elected or appointed
to uuy office of profit or trust, hetbre e'lering
on the execution thereof. shall take (besides
spec,aoatb, not repugnant to thia Conooti.
tution, prescribed by Tbe Generl Assembly,)
the fbilowlng onth:
"1. do Swear (or affirm) ti'at I am duly quall
fled. aceording to the Constitution of this
State, to exercise the office to which I have
been appointed, and that I will, to the best of
my ability, discharge the duties thereof, and
preserve, protect andi defend the Constitution
of this Stat, aned that of the United States. So
help me God."i
SerCTION 1. The House of Reprexentatives
shall have the sole power of itnpeaching, 1t1
no ampeachment Phall he made, unless with
the concurrence of two-thirds of the liouse of
bacnom 9. All impeachments shall be tried
b theSenate. When sitting for thit purpose
tie Senators shal I be on oah or afrmation,
and no person shall he convicted without
the concurrence of two-thirds of the members
- SICTIoN 3. The Goverhor. Ligutenint-Gov
ernor. and all civil officers, shall joo liatile to
impeachment for high crimes and muisdemea
noprs, for any misbehavior in oll ce. for eorrup
tion ln procuring office. or for anyart whih
shall degrade their official chlaracter. 'But
judgmetnt InSuch cahes shall not extend furth
er thati to removal from office, andi disqualili
catlun to hold any ofMea of honog, trdst
or pecfil under this State. The party convict
ed shall. nevertheless, be liable to indictment,
trial, judgment and punishmeit accordipn to
SEcTIOn 4. All civil officers, whose authori
ty Is limited to a sin)rle Judicial District, a
siNgle Ekection District, or part of either, shall
be appointed. hoil their office, be reinoved
froml, office and, in addition to liability to im
eachsnnt,.eiay be putisled for ofcial tnise
conduct. It such inaniter as the General As
setoh I,previous to their appoiinmeht, may
FxCTiON 5. Iftqy civil ofMce,r shall be
C fn3e disabled fray discharging' thodutis of
his oMee, by reason of any permanint bodily
or menttal infirmity. his diMee nmy be declured
to be vacant, by joint resolution, agreed to by
two-thirds oi the -whtlo represeitalion in each
liousoof lhe General Assembly: Provided
That such resolition shall contain th greudds
for the propoged removal. and befoire -11 t-i,l
pass qther liouse, a copy of it Phall he
served on. tlae uicer, and a hearing be allowed
. ARTICLE V1I.
iaCTVoN 1, T6c Treasurer and tho Secretary
of8tate. shall lbe eeeced by the General Aoeo
bly.in the.Homit; oVRepresentativea, shall hold
tieeir oflices for four years pinU shall. hot bd
eligibin-or the next sui-cr-tig. term. .
Srwac 2. All other officers shall be aproint.
ed.a etheyiherto have been, until otherwia
i!irected by law; but thosame .persop shall not
hold the ofce of eheriff for 'two conseoutive
SzeAuo, 3. Ali commininits' shall be in the
nimn and by the euthority of th sitate ofSouth
Carolina, be Secaled -with tie welofthaStatep
and be signed by tite,Governor..
A IRTICLU Vili.
All lawsof force in this State, at the adip..
tioi il' thhie Constitution, and -nit repugnant
hereto, shall so continue, until altered orre
pealeiby the General Assemily, except where
they are temporary, in which cafe'they iball
expire nt the times respetlivelv limited for
their durattoui, if not continuedby Act 'ofthe
ScreON 1, A l power is orisrinally invested
the pC, and all free Gqveronnents are
foul)nYon thialr authority, and are instituted
for she r peace, safety and happiness.
SetoN 2. No persoii shall be-fkren or im
prisee ed, or di,tseized of his frecele, liber.
tIes or privilegra, ocr outlawed or ofi iled, or ini
ptny manneer deprived of his life, lIbertyise
property, but lcj due proes of law:a nor shall
any bill o'atta I Oer, ez posd facto lalv, or the
law imrpeairing the oeblitratimn of contracts,
ever be passed by thme Ge neral Assembly.
Suortou. 3. The nieihtary shall be subordinate
to thle civil power.
ShiTott 4 Thetsriyilege of the writ of Aabesas
corpus alIl not be suspemeded. unless when. In
case elf rebellionl or invaion, the public safely
oTotoN 5. Excessive bell shaall not be re'
quireed, nor excessive fines imposed, nor er6el
SECION 6. The General Assembly shall not
grant any title of nobility,- or heredita ry dss.
ii nation, ngr create any eEce, the aDipoint
ineint to which shatil be.br any longer time
than durin e tod behavior.
SucTIieN 7. The trial by jury, as . heretoforff
used iii this State, aud the liberty of thle press.
shall be fort:ver invioably prted But the
General Assembly . shallhaie pw' .to deter.
mitne tihe numbqu of prseiln wil ||al con
tto th,e fury ina te Inferior or DistrIct
SacTrao, 8-, The fIre exercise and -easJymnt
of relialQua profession and worship. witot
discrimiiltionm or pi-eference,sll be liweti
Within.tiD State, to all mfanikind :
Thai the liberty oi conscience herebydd6latej
shall not be densts'as lto excusa hots ,f lI.
centitsnts,o evIif practieh ttinsisleset
with the peace atueftof t Stae,
cletles anri O?opopAb , saa remain
asuif the Cona t1o~ogpto had not been
atcTinte g of rimogeniture
shall apt ld . and ere shall nt)
fail to be
$soypost1 3es , h Carolinta'
havI qted eton fd
dOty 4.vftt I ver ,e so.eetabheI~t
~A TICLE1 2.
Saors6 Jise General Aesembly , htt
ever a'ta: idou q hand, ahai ahfter
timte, im a rapt .ei tsy
be lese ' eb -j
th. veyIneoftiAaedSatedreu6e ,i
tax, all such classes of persons,as from disa
olltty or otnerwise. ough;, In the judginent at .
the .lencral Asbenbly,-to b. eXempte,.
FxcTtof 1. The -business if the Trrelsur
shall be conducted by one Treasurer, wih sha
hold his oilce-rud redle at the eeil-of 0overa.
SacTion11. The Seoretery orStajeshlll-ho4
his,office and reside at th sfit of Govern
SueToNt. NOOfn0 tIlulotf(0 popiltpIh
be called. unless by tt coiacurreat-e df wo.
thirds of the whole representaliou in each Iou"t#
of the General Assembly.
SeTItON 2. No part otihis Cohetitutfon shall
be altered. uiless a bill to alier jj?, vaine shall
have been read, on three severe rdays, In the
House of Representatives. and on threc obve
ral days in the Senate. and agree,i to. ti the
secone and third readings, by two-thirds id
the whole representation in eaeh flouis of the
General Assembly ; neltherulhall any altera
tion take eflect. until the biI. so agreed to.
shall bt published for three inonths - prvius to
a new election fr members of the-'Houso of
Reprosentatives; and. iftho alteration propos
ed by the precefding Oencral Assembly, shall
bin by he new General Assembly.
tthird r tession, by the concurrence of
two-thirds or the *hole reprementation in each
House, arter the samus shall have been readt
three several jays in each, tho and not oth
erwise, lho sameshall become a part of the
Done in Convention. at a,lutnbia, in the State
of Soupte maruli, the twenity-seventh day
of September, ini the year orfnur Lord one
thousand eight hundred acel sixtUlve.
D. L.. WARD LW
Preilent of the Convantlion
Attest : Jun X T. SLA, Clerk f o The o'.
Governmeut ot the United Bt%te.
Promident-Andrew Johnson, of Teion.
Seecetary 'of State-.I. 11. Seward, of
New York. 0
Secretary of lVar-Edwin M. Stanton, of
P'onnsylvania. - .
Postrmastor General--..William Donnison,
Secret ary of the Navy--Gideo Welle,, of
oSeoretary of the interior-,Jais larlan,
loo it, of t ihe "reavor]fHugh McoCul.
Ittorney-General-Jarnes. Spood, of Kea.
Iosdent of the Senate-Lafayette a.
Po.4er. of Connect ictit.
Spealcer of the llonse--Sehuylor Colfax,
Slmonl C. Chiwe, Ohik. Cieafjusti.
1. James M. Wayne, GeorgIa.
2: Saintiel Nelson, New York.
8. Itoert C. Mier, Pennsylvania..
4. oNathan o-d, Mal
5. Noah IIaMmayne,.-Olio.
6. Daniel Davis, Illinois.
- Sa;Iuttel Aliller. I(.wa.
8. Samuel F. Field, California.
Wioigfield 8ott, VirginIa.
Uly"ses 8. tant, of Ohio.
Adjdtant Geceeral Lorenzo Thomas, Dela.
wit re. Joep
Judgo Advocate General, oseph Ifolt,
QuIrtermaster General, Montgomery C.
1101it, of P'ennsylvancia.
. Tlre Daily Egnpre,
ASenter upote Its fl-een-lyea an
JL_L enlar1rod form. with tiew ly . utner
auspices highly flattering. It has t large and
dally icereasinjr circulatIon, and efra to aer.
chants and oiheri deair to comcnunveste
with IlieSoutheris public. acvatitages surpass.
ed by none.
Two weeks. O..seuA a
One month .....................
rwe year.n...... ...... 24 On
Thtee inontlh4.......... ....t 111
OO~ er-.................4 g
Taw weeka Two.sevAass
Ono m "" '''''.....***''''---10.00
Twoc monuhs.""""""""" et',100 -
Trhree mnonts''l ""e''''s0
ipt;lmncmlc "'''***s* 8 00'
....y.. s,. ----...........~...... n
thans tdesirig grear quantity of spe
on liberal terms. - be 90nomodtd
1 ingie C a SCR IION A Tha
t ine mtonth,- do. t.
T haee months, edo -
Xix months, * -do . 92 00
One yesr,. ,d ' - m
2 oLt 4 . CR UTOHMPs e & a.
TWRE Ng X91IoDAy BOOK.
A Ta.''--e--ly p4pe-e iji -vor -f
*tiCes.titution as It Is, and tha
-Onion as it was.
3 The )he Book is not' repviisted. atc a
'daDy, but -rade up eree.y' fore kl
oIt,eglation, with:a tarfui ;lummaty of the
ldws flrow all thce8tatde, ancaupatho
heWorld, with'mnartet Repiocts, Agoui
tctra), Finange, Literature, &o!
$'$Rii CA8k-..INAD r4N,r~X
One copy one yeap - , * $2 -
Thre% coples one yea? '- * 0
Fiv. 'peno yeau.an4 og to Ihe
Ten sept.s on year, and one to the
* getedt' etfthw,'el, 07
-veise sill.ud- tmo o ssan, .34e
Foaei slb -l -cw d l e e nte and L
j. uNcisP.OR .l . -0
o.I 10 uet St-dewWr