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AW&& De"rlbcso1 WINNSB OROl S. C., MOM MORNING, MARCH 6, 1866. rVOL. III.Na 1
'11iAo-Leter froin CapItiI I. F. '1fnry,
Advice to Immigraits.
13, SA' JOAN li:-rk,
- - Ml:XIco, Feb>. 9, 1ie,.
. I M I:%n Sit: I have rcceived voir
httir inqiring, )ike ) may olers, a'iott.
.\loxico, wihl,i the view of makim, it
Yot know its geographial. fo-aturc.
pul the faif of h inineral'wealth. -ts
sol[ is of tltu rpas. ed furtility,' ,anld its
climae, a't(er you bgii to ascend the
lands, is as deiciolls auid healthful
ea.th'e heartb of man cah deir(e.
The .Emtipero- is ruling wisely and
11ull. .T -til Majest;ies are beloved by
the )IPeia ists aiql respected by all;
they Imovi its freely anong. Oh peolith
as tbe I(sidelit qf th0. United S-ates
'ever did iin days of yore. The Empic re
is xtollliI1ally gaing groid.' Enter
price is abroad-ii--ny works of.internal
jI.rovement aro alrendy under 1-.v
4an1d .abolt to be connuenced. Capital
is eiving its hiding placee, and lie Col
.Unlls 01 Ite,oempaitr press a-. daily,
maid .Tor milOtm have been, filled wih
- .the'liitue -iberals, who looking upon
the Empirv ha a !mcce., a Iheiy caii'e
as a l ihiure, ha laid 'dowi their arms,
111an I r! giViIIg iII I heir adie iOll.
'Proplerty .'and *l1*e arv dnily becoming
mole svellre. As aI illui-tratiol'i, -the
d,&oos of tho li se inl which I live ire
'willmit loeks ; a do I ever tkk. carei
evi.U to sliti, anly of them bfore I go to
bud. 0Prie, here is a patero Lblow, but
the buiblig is mi ol nel. inhabi,
tell anid I'r-t1ne b In-1 by 1lldreds o'f peo.
ple who qre not barred l'rIm each other
e by,nur faan.ninigs.
' leimIPr('-!sWIos abroa:d abotut Mexi.>o
Vvr ' ylyVtrseus ith rv-prd to
IIh it'-uniries il bellaf, %)f our fi,4-nds
ha vo 16~~
Tivy can fin,'Alesirab'o 'ocations ill
any cl imato thv'y please, anid silitable for
thl" vilth v ll i it l % ny k1ph- they prof-!r,
or' he ring o.f t y 1;id of s tvk', As
to le mo p:o ile Hrinih Ios Of wricil.
:in:al ininry--t,baL v.,ries hI lite
luliti.~ *-th.e v'ariatioi der hiig as
. %well ipon.the Convenience id circun
-t unee 61 tlle iurktt; as nor. geo-graphi
ca1 con.hiiiions., Ow;ig-to the'wamt -of
ro.'ids, nGV i rivers ;I*u gil,i tr
sit' and 'expqrtation dillicuit. Iflic", in
o1I' part of the Etpir', lite I.'.ete
-I,;s nat heenwm uifreiutmntly prvs,itted of
-. lead.iCti: s att fa -iii( prvi , .lhie in a
1eig b1i depar. '.nt LIOwy Were wast
ing or yit of eVumiawrs.
Ti iw)st. d,iral z lcations, thuro.
fol-' fojr imwi.igra.w s,w% it h ! -we!] to(lo,"
(.hat is is.f3t:eia tha~t notut leaf thei
way), ar( -on w'at. Imaytv b". C;lllod tilie in.
iertr,ipical belt t% Mexico, within wln'ch
c, ordova' and Jalapa nore si t . Th1i
is a sort of:sz!opie, ).r slop-, wigh aries
fromn the low lands 1'of lle u(ast, to ilt
various iuiet,'s which are to I fouimd,
inl all intertropil ' htittide1, at the
hii,ght offrom 2,000 to .1,000 f(et -gbove
the sa. Withini this rtnjW the elitmites
are. those o perpetual Summer, they
are lit'alt l anId delaligil .
Tli.se stepliltcs mncicle the Emipine on.
lie east, souith .111 west.; they ovorlouli
. lo v;tl.ley of ihe Coat'zIco:iics.ail lhe
Gulf of Mexico on one side, and the
Pacific Ocan il on the odlutr and aboiuid
in garden sp1a a s. beatiulii as Eden
itsellaid as sitful, o. ', .
'Cordovai a.nd Jatlapa are sneh places;
. t'my.*aic in sight of the sea. Tue far
.mer' theore, and at nmany ot'her places,
ma reaP from the same-field two or
thareo Cr')phs ianially, wvith an inctre:as.
*of' two pr~thrieo or hlour hiirdiedMxldypof
.thie asd sowvn. In the couirse of' thp
presen.'Zt year at railway ii to be comiple.
-ted fromt each of these poi.nts to) Vera
Cruaz, which- will iring them fa-irly with
ini te douans of Iuegu, commuerae.
'.Corn, cot onl, coffee, suigar andt tobacco
all <to well heie ; but, as a rule, I consid'.
erm coll'ev, 'cottopI andt telbacoet th'o mioat
.the,y cant be'ar. Lunsportation ang~end
comnpetideon ini foroign markots.
Vormnierhy, antd before, the~ conntry ho
gan to bj toius'd antd,vexed. by revolt'.
ttin,-litnd.in the gnigb'orhoo.d of thlese
ti 4ties wveru valued jir fr'oth *75 to
$If0 peLr acre; ' t .
e'ouo of' the#nc'larg.~iinugh to accommio
dato with cea'ant farmns t.u Lime fift
were roken up (luring thi1
revolution and their owners compelled
to sek safety elsewherei,
They have fallen into rain and decay
brugh absenteeim, and nSow that or
l i, tred, the Pmpire gaining
rto,0ud, and,iuternal improven)ants on
contaged by the wise policy of tire Em,
peror, theso lands aro coiniti ' into
d o anlid . a . * ' : *
Ibt pre!ent owners fimd themselves
tlo -poor to repair and bring them uider
ctit.vat.iO again. They are for sale,
andX may be bought at 'from $2 to $3
The.-o abandoned H1aciendas (and
they are to be fonnd" *ill parts of the
111mpire) are the pla .or yot r thrifty
American farm.ers to 'establish them.
lve. Let them,therefore, send out thoirl
lead Imei to select a place for the whole
settlemnilt,.to- be followed immediate
ly by thwir young men to sow and plint,
and build and repair, and nke ready
for the old ine, the wome Mand the
childrin and others -to follow by the
timo the land.; are ready.
They will find it at first best to.estab
lish themselves in villages as well 'for
mutual convenience, -as foi protecoion
man,t. the bands of lawless martider-,
who are ever ready to pounce upon the
hiples, firtners. Imigrants should
brimlg Ivith them such mechanics as are.
reqired, tV satisfy their owo wants and
Tell thiosd who come to count upon
all the nlqistaince and svery facility and
Ie best informatiof that it is in my
power .to afford, or within the provinc~e
of this ceo to give.
Intite Vurt.hern Dojmrr.ment the vine
flotth>li6s' well, and the wine is excel.
' On thl slopes -1ext to the sea coebi.
nenl. and indigo 'are -ciltiv%ted, drugs
.anid gilnmsi tid spices collected.
- Th6 most proftable stock raising, are
mU1leS, hoCeA find goats. There is ropm
rprd, J# j ro Ii
T'he imimigranit fs- alljwdfren exer
ti'e of r ,ligis worshiip. It is~ganran
Imed to.him both hy An ordinatince of the
En ire'and a i;pensation of the Pope.
11f- is :lso en itle, (o entering the
country, to free 1' . permit -for all of
his~ cattle and effects. and ex.-mption
frihI all 'taxation, for one yeaPr, and-from
militar1v coinscriptions for five years. lHe
i! allowed to bring in hi. arms also, and.
with iis neighbor-, to fbrm a sedentnrv
militia for their own defense ag;inst rob
her who are daily becoming less bold.
it. he -ay not bring iii anything
for sale, exchange, or barter, withont
t.e .paymeit of full dities.
In the rural distries the Indians gen
erally are hionest-indeed, in soine parts
.:ouni.y theft amorg them is tin
known. rThey are*a gentle And a docile
Simple in their habits, they' are st
p:-ratitioni, entering zealously into all.
the f.stivitie. and ceremonies of tle
chiirch.. They seem not to care to eari
more liop a dollar or two a week, aid
w%he,ri they have done this, whether by
t\wo or more days of labor, they gener
elly sitp work, and frolic till thei money
i. gone, when thfy nr ready to earn by
by labor intphe field the next instnlment.
The Sabbath is not rouch observed by
thetm, or the Mexicansponerally, except
d day of parade and pleasure. As a
rin'? th;ir wages are poid 'week in
cash, and at the rate generally of 'frpm
2.5.to 5o cetits a day, the laboret- finding
Silver is the p.rincipal circuliting,me.
ditim,; the.re are also gold end copper
coitns, but no bank notes...
The implmtnents of husbandry are
generally rtida, anid agriculture by no
mneanus in a high state of improvement.
Nevertheless, the IndIans anid the niixed
classes, of w-hom there are aboit 7,000,
000,. are are-skcillful laborers in. their
way. -IThis. mode of htusbandy us so
muelt t bettor for the display by the
Enroea,,. or A merician farmer of his ex
quisite' skill and of thte vitunes of his
improved-itnplements, which last lhe can
bring in dmdy fr9e.
It is.not tadvisable at present fqr emi.
grants withoutrimoney -to come tio Mexi
cu, unleas they corre uinder the auspices
of some friend, ivho..cn assist thenm, or
tunder the care oormn otte of' the vari
Ouicompanips loi establishing colonies
1thai4 have '.leen recently incorporatted.
Some of these propose to bring the im
iggt,ts into the eogxnrry,, to Inrnali
th.,m with land7 to e abliht.hetn'on
their farms. to.anhisint. t omit wbil.
attend to the business of the ofce. He
ii earnest in the cause, and has now in
hand a guide book for inmigrantp,
which will soon be ready fur the press.
The rainy season commence& in d uine
and "ends in October. Immigrarits
ial-uat ro' ome duringthut timie.
Yours, truly- W. F. MUaRy.
. HO FOR MEXICO.
kOTICE TO *)tBANT8s-THE "TOagS
The Imperial Commissipner of Colo,
nization is hereby authorized to dim "_
of 25 (twenty-five) Oluare leaguein
land (108,159 ocrel,) on my Hacienda
ofjAmon, fituated, off the Panuco river,
it..the Department of Taniatilipas ;
gvimg grais every alternttte ectibrn
f,640 acres) to a man with a famirA aid
320 acres to an unnarried rdap, with a
preeption ri htI in each case to as as
much iore at f2 the acre.
I will give, also grntis, land for. a
town, as well as for a road 16 yards
*ide, iraversing thu entire Colony from
North to South. J. 0. TouiSa.
. MaxICO, February 9th, 1866.
OFPJcE COI.ONIZATION, .
13 SAN JUAN DE LFTRAW,
. MIECo, Feb, 10, 1'866.
The offer of Mr Torres is most prince
ly, .'. The land is situated iu the Haus.
teca country, ou the mountain border of
the.tierra cahonte. It- is said to be,
healthy, and is admirably adapted to the
cultivation of cof'eei sugar, cotton, to.
bacco, with the dpjole list of intertrop:.
cal fruits and prqetion&' It ii alio a
god iock country, with an abundanco
of. timber. The Panuco River :i : i.
gable up to it. and boats are runninjon
that stream. Provisions are plenty, but
labor is said not to be very abundant;
the usual priae being 37* cents per day
T.hose who come from any of tho
Gulf ports,.should take ahippin'g direct
later t rin 'the first or mid(il,of May, on
account*of the rainy segson which con.
mences .in Junts Emigrants are advis.
ad to send out their pioneers to qxan.
ine the land, select thAir. homesteads
and make readf for their families to lol.
The Collector of the Port of Tampico
is authorized to afford .them all the fa
cilities, privileges and rights granjed by
the Emperor's decree..
IM. V. MAURy,
Colonization Omce, Mexico.
IMIPRAOHMNT AND A4 TANCe' oF
rIN PRSIDeNT. -Woa iuetaand that
melinpof .Senators arF'Repisenta.
.veii was recently held secretly at one of
he principalhotels in this city. to take
ci!asire. tq impeach the President. In
1.1% connection the subject of the retira.
y of the Sec etary of Secretary 'of the
was discussed 'n an aiimated and angr
nanneri It wa, we li,ve reiason to be.
ievo. boldly and dedfantly asserted the
Dresident dare not remove this gentla.
an, however he diered with 1im in
i policy and. views. The'teinper of
M .tig was highly ox6ted and ex.
pr, d at the thoulbL it was impt.
ntly insinted uponl tiat-tha 'Scretary
rWar ist remain, it eii th
Oresident, and,of courtra afiloy t6 pa. J
iotic statesman' fortunatel' it the
lm of national affairs. *We wqrn
aendiaries against pursuing furth
their wickedness and machinatip'ns a
~wards the ,purpose indicated.
F ashington Uni'on, ,28th.
HA 'AD SRNlENoCE.---W.~e regret to
tar that Mr. Biggers Mobley, of Ches
rwell knaown in our District, has been
,tenced.bya MIlitary Court to pay ar
eof onetoasand dd2tars (md to three
a imprisoneldt and hard labor, iiA
p?nitentlary, for shooting anJ r
:unding ** nero.b
It is reported tat the' 'entence 6i
>riaonment, 'ha. been rmte
aneral Sickles.--..lancaster (B.~
T'he Legislatues of "Iowa, pasedd'
,1 resoluition ota $turday appi'pvinif
course e ra L.'
nia th e nk hr b ad
ndi.ting th*e Plesident'.iiT
ebae Fletoher 'M;Iiighe t Judg
LheUtedt~ StAtas. ie4t Ooat o
iTWda didt Mat FdIneiO b1 Fr a
last.I. Heifl"erly r.bided- in~ Ito.
ster, ga this St.ato. 1
and to receive a rtain portion of t4eir
crops for the lo advanced for'these
Many who. -hl slome means and de.
sire tS come in ompanies to Mexico
and establish th Iselvis on some of
these flie.,: but ' bandoned, haciendus,
wish to know wI e these 4iaciendit are
And their rice. Answ6r. In almost
every ppr.,.and any price; trom .a few
cents to a few dhre the adre.
Of Course the prires named 6 ipe,
though moderat are the asking prices.
It is better folvery Oich company
of imitigrants t6 send some of their
number ahead t9 select a place, and
bargain for it themselves. Bryant (rom
Arkansas hag , ablished a 'olo6y inl
Chihuahua. M 0ll of Missouri, an.
other on ie Rio Verde, in .the; Depart.
nPrt -of San 14 P'ottosi. . Terr: of
Texas, another ~ Jaliso. They rent at
first-with the pri lege of purchaso in
the meantime, at stated price.
Then thee is. fine -,oloay of Car.
lottawear Cord , where the lands
Ivere abandoned. There was a num.
ber of iaciendas that neighborhood
that were iideb for , more - than they
were worth to t1l church, and which,
by the Juarez 4 verunent, were con
fiscated; These Ve been exppropri
aLed by the empi and applied t. colo
These lands a soi to immigrants ab
*1 per acre in fiv equ'al annual instal.
ments. Geheral 4rice and Shelby of
Missouri, Gov.erilr H.1arrito of Tennessee,
Judge Perkins OFLotisiana, the Rev.
Mr. Holman of ssouri, and a number
of others,- hav alread'y established
themselves ther They are highly
pleased wii thei prospects.' By the
time1 the railway- trough to'Vera Cruz
ii comipleted, a 'the laft iustqlment
falls dut, they have improved their
farms, when ,th most ,st9id among'
thei expect tha, Ithese farins will 4e
,wort. 610, 42' iven $50 the'acre.
11mt Ffalaia has been
tab1lihed it coffee plautazmoin of 80 acres
witich is now in good bearing,.and time
crop fron which last year was valied
at $16,000. . .
The Cordova coffee sells in the NeW
York market as,Java, and the tobacco
equals that of Cuba, while the sugar has
14 per cent. mo0 of saccharine matter
It will cost at the rate of some $5 or
$G an acrr to char, inelose and'hring
these lands Pnd"i cultivation. Hence
it will be so Ouch bheaper for those
who have a littl money to buy 'a' ha.
cienda with g:mnd. already dleared,
fences 1nade, od houses, or at least
walls of hoiseq, already erectd, All
the lanl. of this.olony are. already or
soon will be taku up
Each ijarriedian thero is aflowed
440 acre, buit be s now generally adl.
mted that onemrt, of that quantity
will probably biqirito as ml'ch as one
.fanmyly will be a1b to cultivate. . It is 3o
fertilo and won(rfully prodlctive.
.But to emigr.ts with a lit to capital,
the spped filli, up of' the. colony
should not, bo shiartening, inder the ,
idea that there t no niore- good lands
Pnd , choice- spI. There are better
lands than thesboth about Oordova a
ail Jalapa, whi, present owners, qot
being ble to wk, are ivdjy to sell od'
Agha havelen established at va-i
rious-convoienoints to assiot emi- t
:rants on tir.-ival in the c&untr
by giving thenformation afd fi'rnisK#t
ing them wit,h tnecessary- certificates
and passports tenable the'm toepass
the custoj a hoe, to enjoy all the
rights, py ilogend exemnptions of the h
Emiperg's deer . . . S . t
It. has not b a yet prqcticable ' to se
estabilish agencion the Rio' Grade, fh
but as sooni as lay be0 one will be sta- ym
tione'd.at Presidleel Norte. . t
a At present a following gencies W
have been enst.a)ed, via.: L.-Urofesa,
at Vera Crwe ;' Perkins, formerly Il
of.Louisian a; a rdova, John T,~ Lu; G
fornmerly of -L' n,a, at Monterey; i
Alonso Ridleypalifornia at Mazat.
lan~ ; Captaimn qorL of Tampico, at
Tampico ; Cap-of port of -gan Blas, '
at San Blas ; m tiof pore of Mfata ~
mnoras, at Mattans; Mr. Ramon de t
Ia Vega, P itt dela Juta de j,g
Mejores de Col at Manzanilho. , rej
], en itbont ibark ftor ]!nland,
expeattng to a to this beanfiful of
land stegompa y my family. The 'Ca
offievis left im * of my me R. b. a.
Mafir'y, iwhd1 mt abas .m -,il i
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